Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Ezra 4

Another chapter of Aramaic, the last book with 3 chapters left to do. Paraphrasing the sense here would be a lot easier than the mapping I am attempting. My intention remains to provide a close translation for the potential underlay of the music (though I doubt anyone would sing these Aramaic chapters!)

Verse 3, I am surprised at how the word together can be used to exclude. But it is obvious that exclusion is a requirement at this stage. The 'house' is not 'a house of prayer for all peoples' (Isaiah 56:7) at this time.

The names of verse 9 are greatly simplified in JB and NIV. Here is the fragment from NIV:  ... judges and officials over the men from Tripolis, Persia, Erech, and Babylon, the Elamites of Susa, ... For someone interested in names, that verse has a lot of foreign paint on the puzzle pieces.

Verses 10, 11, 17. I have taken the stem of the last word as עת time. It is possible that the n is a characteristic elision of the sound. (A guess).

Verse 14 - another metaphor or idiom - we salt with the salt of the palace.

Ezra 4 Fn Min Max Syll
וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֔וּ צָרֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה וּבִנְיָמִ֑ן
כִּֽי־בְנֵ֤י הַגּוֹלָה֙ בּוֹנִ֣ים הֵיכָ֔ל לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
1 When the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard,
that the children of the exiled were building the temple to Yahweh the God of Israel,
3e 4C 13
18
וַיִּגְּשׁ֨וּ אֶל־זְרֻבָּבֶ֜ל וְאֶל־רָאשֵׁ֣י הָֽאָב֗וֹת וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ לָהֶם֙ נִבְנֶ֣ה עִמָּכֶ֔ם כִּ֣י כָכֶ֔ם נִדְר֖וֹשׁ לֵֽאלֹהֵיכֶ֑ם
וְל֣וֹ ׀ אֲנַ֣חְנוּ זֹבְחִ֗ים מִימֵי֙ אֵסַ֤ר חַדֹּן֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁ֔וּר הַמַּעֲלֶ֥ה אֹתָ֖נוּ פֹּֽה
2 They came close to Zerubbabel, and to the heads of the ancestors, and said to them, Let us build with you, for as you, we search out your God.
And his we are, sacrificing from the days of Esarchadon, the king of Ashur, who brought us up here.
3e 4C 34
25
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ לָהֶ֨ם זְרֻבָּבֶ֜ל וְיֵשׁ֗וּעַ וּשְׁאָ֨ר רָאשֵׁ֤י הָֽאָבוֹת֙ לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לֹֽא־לָ֣כֶם וָלָ֔נוּ לִבְנ֥וֹת בַּ֖יִת לֵאלֹהֵ֑ינוּ
כִּי֩ אֲנַ֨חְנוּ יַ֜חַד נִבְנֶ֗ה לַֽיהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר צִוָּ֔נוּ הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ כּ֥וֹרֶשׁ מֶֽלֶךְ־פָּרָֽס
3 And to them, Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the residue of the heads of the ancestors of Israel said, It is not for you, but for us to build a house to our God.
For together, we ourselves will build to Yahweh, the God of Israel, as the king has commanded us, Cyrus king of Persia.
3e 4C 37
31
וַיְהִי֙ עַם־הָאָ֔רֶץ מְרַפִּ֖ים יְדֵ֣י עַם־יְהוּדָ֑ה
וּֽמְבַהֲלִ֥ים אוֹתָ֖ם לִבְנֽוֹת
4 And it happened that the people of the land made the hand of the people of Judah slacken,
and vexed them in building.
3e 4B 15
8
וְסֹכְרִ֧ים עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם יוֹעֲצִ֖ים לְהָפֵ֣ר עֲצָתָ֑ם
כָּל־יְמֵ֗י כּ֚וֹרֶשׁ מֶ֣לֶךְ פָּרַ֔ס וְעַד־מַלְכ֖וּת דָּרְיָ֥וֶשׁ מֶֽלֶךְ־פָּרָֽס
5 And they hired counselors against them to thwart their counsel,
all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, and till the kingdom of Darius king of Persia.
3c 4C 15
20
וּבְמַלְכוּת֙ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֔וֹשׁ בִּתְחִלַּ֖ת מַלְכוּת֑וֹ
כָּתְב֣וּ שִׂטְנָ֔ה עַל־יֹשְׁבֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה וִירוּשָׁלִָֽם
6 And in the reign of Ahasuerus, at the commencement of his reign,
they wrote an accusation to the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
3e 4B 13
14
וּבִימֵ֣י אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֗שְׂתָּא כָּתַ֨ב בִּשְׁלָ֜ם מִתְרְדָ֤ת טָֽבְאֵל֙ וּשְׁאָ֣ר כְּנָוֺתָ֔יו עַל־אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֖שְׂתְּ מֶ֣לֶךְ פָּרָ֑ס
וּכְתָב֙ הַֽנִּשְׁתְּוָ֔ן כָּת֥וּב אֲרָמִ֖ית וּמְתֻרְגָּ֥ם אֲרָמִֽית
7 And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Miteradat, Tabeel, and the residue of the entitled wrote to Artaxerxes, king of Persia.
And the writing of the epistle was inscribed in Aramaic and given interpretation in Aramaic.
3e 4C 31
17
רְח֣וּם בְּעֵל־טְעֵ֗ם וְשִׁמְשַׁי֙ סָֽפְרָ֔א כְּתַ֛בוּ אִגְּרָ֥ה חֲדָ֖ה עַל־יְרוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁ֥שְׂתְּא מַלְכָּ֖א כְּנֵֽמָא
8 Rehum, a superior of warrant, and Shimshai, a secretary wrote a first letter against Jerusalem,
to Artaxerxes the king, likewise.
3d 4B 22
10
אֱדַ֜יִן רְח֣וּם בְּעֵל־טְעֵ֗ם וְשִׁמְשַׁי֙ סָֽפְרָ֔א וּשְׁאָ֖ר כְּנָוָתְה֑וֹן
דִּ֠ינָיֵא וַאֲפַרְסַתְכָיֵ֞א טַרְפְּלָיֵ֣א אֲפָֽרְסָיֵ֗א אַרְכְּוָיֵ֤א בָבְלָיֵא֙ שֽׁוּשַׁנְכָיֵ֔א דֶּהָיֵ֖א עֵלְמָיֵֽא
9 Then Rehum, a superior of warrant, and Shimshai, a secretary, and the residue of their confederates,
the advocates, and the legates of Persia, the Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Arkevites, the Babelites, the Shushankites, the Dehites, the Elamites,
3e 4C 19
34
וּשְׁאָ֣ר אֻמַּיָּ֗א דִּ֤י הַגְלִי֙ אָסְנַפַּר֙ רַבָּ֣א וְיַקִּירָ֔א וְהוֹתֵ֣ב הִמּ֔וֹ בְּקִרְיָ֖ה דִּ֣י שָׁמְרָ֑יִן
וּשְׁאָ֥ר עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֖ה וּכְעֶֽנֶת
10 And the residue of the clans that Asnappar exiled, (the great and the esteemed), and settled them in the towns of Samaria,
and the residue beyond the river, and at such a time.
3e 4C 29
10
דְּנָה֙ פַּרְשֶׁ֣גֶן אִגַּרְתָּ֔א דִּ֚י שְׁלַ֣חוּ עֲל֔וֹהִי עַל־אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֖שְׂתְּא מַלְכָּ֑א
עַבְדָ֛יךְ אֱנָ֥שׁ עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֖ה וּכְעֶֽנֶת
11 This is a copy of the letter that they sent to him, to Artaxerxes the king,
Your servants, mortals beyond the river, and at such a time,
3d 4C 22
12
יְדִ֙יעַ֙ לֶהֱוֵ֣א לְמַלְכָּ֔א דִּ֣י יְהוּדָיֵ֗א דִּ֤י סְלִ֙קוּ֙ מִן־לְוָתָ֔ךְ עֲלֶ֥ינָא אֲת֖וֹ לִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
קִרְיְתָ֨א מָֽרָדְתָּ֤א וּבִֽישְׁתָּא֙ בָּנַ֔יִן וְשׁוּרַיָּ֣א שַׁכְלִ֔ילוּ וְאֻשַּׁיָּ֖א יַחִֽיטוּ
12 Be it known to the king that the Judeans who came from you to us have arrived at Jerusalem.
The town of mutiny and stink they build, and a barrier they have consolidated, and the foundations they have threaded.
3e 4C 30
25
כְּעַ֗ן יְדִ֙יעַ֙ לֶהֱוֵ֣א לְמַלְכָּ֔א דִּ֠י הֵ֣ן קִרְיְתָ֥א דָךְ֙ תִּתְבְּנֵ֔א וְשׁוּרַיָּ֖ה יִֽשְׁתַּכְלְל֑וּן
מִנְדָּֽה־בְל֤וֹ וַהֲלָךְ֙ לָ֣א יִנְתְּנ֔וּן וְאַפְּתֹ֥ם מַלְכִ֖ים תְּהַנְזִֽק
13 Now let it be known to the king that if this town is built, and her barriers consolidated,
levy, tariff, and toll, they will not yield, and the revenue of the sovereigns, you will affront.
3e 4C 28
19
כְּעַ֗ן כָּל־קֳבֵל֙ דִּֽי־מְלַ֤ח הֵֽיכְלָא֙ מְלַ֔חְנָא וְעַרְוַ֣ת מַלְכָּ֔א לָ֥א אֲ‍ֽרִֽיךְ לַ֖נָא לְמֶֽחֱזֵ֑א
עַ֨ל־דְּנָ֔ה שְׁלַ֖חְנָא וְהוֹדַ֥עְנָא לְמַלְכָּֽא
14 Now all because we salt with the salt of the palace, and the exposure of the king was not proper for us to envision,
on this we have sent and informed the king,
3e 4C 27
13
דִּ֡י יְבַקַּר֩ בִּֽסְפַר־דָּכְרָ֨נַיָּ֜א דִּ֣י אֲבָהָתָ֗ךְ וּ֠תְהַשְׁכַּח בִּסְפַ֣ר דָּכְרָנַיָּא֮ וְתִנְדַּע֒ דִּי֩ קִרְיְתָ֨א דָ֜ךְ קִרְיָ֣א מָֽרָדָ֗א וּֽמְהַנְזְקַ֤ת מַלְכִין֙ וּמְדִנָ֔ן וְאֶשְׁתַּדּוּר֙ עָבְדִ֣ין בְּגַוַּ֔הּ מִן־יוֹמָ֖ת עָלְמָ֑א
עַ֨ל־דְּנָ֔ה קִרְיְתָ֥א דָ֖ךְ הָֽחָרְבַֽת
15 ~ That an enquiry be made in a book of the archives of your ancestors, and you will find, in a book of the archives, and you will know that this town was a mutinous town and an affront to kings, and provinces. And they have cultivated sedition within it from days of old.
So this town, it was deserted.
3e 4C 60
10
מְהוֹדְעִ֤ין אֲנַ֙חְנָה֙ לְמַלְכָּ֔א דִּ֠י הֵ֣ן קִרְיְתָ֥א דָךְ֙ תִּתְבְּנֵ֔א וְשׁוּרַיָּ֖ה יִֽשְׁתַּכְלְל֑וּן
לָקֳבֵ֣ל דְּנָ֔ה חֲלָק֙ בַּעֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֔א לָ֥א אִיתַ֖י לָֽךְ
16 We ourselves make it known to the king that if this town is built, and her barriers consolidated,
in view of this, there will be no part beyond the river for you.
3e 4C 26
17
פִּתְגָמָ֞א שְׁלַ֣ח מַלְכָּ֗א עַל־רְח֤וּם בְּעֵל־טְעֵם֙ וְשִׁמְשַׁ֣י סָֽפְרָ֔א וּשְׁאָר֙ כְּנָוָ֣תְה֔וֹן דִּ֥י יָתְבִ֖ין בְּשָֽׁמְרָ֑יִן
וּשְׁאָ֧ר עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֛ה שְׁלָ֖ם וּכְעֶֽת
17 The king sent an edict to Rehum, a superior of warrant, and Shimshai, a secretary, and the residue of their confederates that were settled in Samaria, and the residue beyond the river,
Peace, and at such a time.
3c 4C 32
11
נִשְׁתְּוָנָ֕א דִּ֥י שְׁלַחְתּ֖וּן עֲלֶ֑ינָא
מְפָרַ֥שׁ קֱרִ֖י קָדָמָֽי
18 The epistle that you sent to us,
distinctly clear, has been recited before me.
3e 4A 11
8
וּמִנִּי֮ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵם֒ וּבַקַּ֣רוּ וְהַשְׁכַּ֔חוּ דִּ֚י קִרְיְתָ֣א דָ֔ךְ מִן־יוֹמָת֙ עָֽלְמָ֔א עַל־מַלְכִ֖ין מִֽתְנַשְּׂאָ֑ה
וּמְרַ֥ד וְאֶשְׁתַּדּ֖וּר מִתְעֲבֶד־בַּֽהּ
19 From me was set a warrant, and they enquired, and they found that this town, from days of old, against kings has shown partiality, and mutinied,
and sedition has been cultivated in it.
3e 4C 30
10
וּמַלְכִ֣ין תַּקִּיפִ֗ין הֲווֹ֙ עַל־יְר֣וּשְׁלֶ֔ם וְשַׁ֨לִּיטִ֔ין בְּכֹ֖ל עֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֑ה
וּמִדָּ֥ה בְל֛וֹ וַהֲלָ֖ךְ מִתְיְהֵ֥ב לְהֽוֹן
20 And energetic kings have been over Jerusalem, and have taken authority over all beyond the river,
and levy, tariff, and toll was provided to them.
3d 4B 23
13
כְּעַן֙ שִׂ֣ימוּ טְּעֵ֔ם לְבַטָּלָ֖א גֻּבְרַיָּ֣א אִלֵּ֑ךְ
וְקִרְיְתָ֥א דָךְ֙ לָ֣א תִתְבְּנֵ֔א עַד־מִנִּ֖י טַעְמָ֥א יִתְּשָֽׂם
21 Now set in place a warrant that these men of valour be stopped,
and this town not be built, until from me a warrant be set in place.
3e 4B 15
16
וּזְהִירִ֥ין הֱו֛וֹ שָׁל֖וּ לְמֶעְבַּ֣ד עַל־דְּנָ֑ה
לְמָה֙ יִשְׂגֵּ֣א חֲבָלָ֔א לְהַנְזָקַ֖ת מַלְכִֽין
22 And you be admonished against neglect of service concerning this.
Why should there be much hurt to affront kings?
3d 4B 13
13
אֱדַ֗יִן מִן־דִּ֞י פַּרְשֶׁ֤גֶן נִשְׁתְּוָנָא֙ דִּ֚י אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֣שְׂתְּ מַלְכָּ֔א קֱרִ֧י קֳדָם־רְח֛וּם וְשִׁמְשַׁ֥י סָפְרָ֖א וּכְנָוָתְה֑וֹן
אֲזַ֨לוּ בִבְהִיל֤וּ לִירֽוּשְׁלֶם֙ עַל־יְה֣וּדָיֵ֔א וּבַטִּ֥לוּ הִמּ֖וֹ בְּאֶדְרָ֥ע וְחָֽיִל
23 Then from that, the copy of the epistle of Artaxerxes, the king, having been recited before Rehum, and Shimshai, a secretary, and their confederates,
they went brashly to Jerusalem, to the Judeans, and made them stop with a strong arm and force.
3c 4C 33
26
בֵּאדַ֗יִן בְּטֵלַת֙ עֲבִידַ֣ת בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֔א דִּ֖י בִּירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
וַהֲוָת֙ בָּֽטְלָ֔א עַ֚ד שְׁנַ֣ת תַּרְתֵּ֔ין לְמַלְכ֖וּת דָּרְיָ֥וֶשׁ מֶֽלֶךְ־פָּרָֽס
24 Then the administration stopped for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.
And it was stopped until the second year of the reign of Darius, king of Persia.
3e 4C 16
20


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