Saturday, December 15, 2018

Advent links - week 2

Grover Advent
Prepare him room. Here's a sweet cartoon my daughter sent me.

What else did I find this week?

Andrew posts on not having the answers until you have seen the data. It should be disarming. But the question I have been thinking of is how do I prepare for the spirit and presence with me? I must confess my anger at least to myself and then purge it from my dialogue. [I have done this with my intro to Bob's Bible - it is, I hope, purged of king Bob.] This is difficult for a number of reasons. But now that I have seen some of the data, I may be able to approach the New Testament again without letting the answers get in the way of my reading.

Bosco Peters always has resources for the next week. Here's his Advent 3 preparation with the history of a collect.

OUP has an article on international disability rights and how courts are interpreting them.

Henry is reading Brevard Childs.

Bosco Peters has an extra on disagreeing with the Bible. I can agree that there are internal contradictions. Does it matter? I don't think so. What then is the Bible good for? Why is it so revered, so reviled, so relevant, and so ignored all at the same time?

It is a serious concern given the text of Matthew that Phil Long is commenting on here.

Ancient board game, 58 Holes, 'spread like wildfire?'

Modern Internet analysis - the genesis of the site - much more recent than I thought.

Pete Enns on St Nick (from 2012)

Sunday, December 9, 2018

Unique readings in the Hebrew Bible

Why my totals of hapaxes by stem are fewer than traditional: I have boiled down some words to their related or probably related stem more often than other glossaries. So, for instance, I consider גפר gopher, Gen 6:14 also as the stem of גפרית. It is unique in that it is a unique word form. The stem itself occurs 8 times so I don't count it as a hapax from a stem point of view. This unique usage does suggest that the ark is made of that highly flammable wood like the wood we used to heat our house in Turkey. It might hang together well in water. But it also suggests that Noah's barge תבה (can't be an ark ארה in a concordant translation) has something of the breath of Yahweh in it, like a torrent of pitch. (Isaiah 30:33). It is a story about judgment after all.

Percentage of unique Hebrew word forms by book
I expect almost all my differences are for this reason. Though there are other differences, e.g. Genesis 21:16, טחה the shot part of bow-shot. This same stem occurs twice as inward part. Psalms 51:8, Job 38:36. It is perhaps difficult to derive the bow-shot from the inward part, but not impossible. It is what you feel like when you are punched in the stomach (metaphorically). משׁק Genesis 15:2 likewise occurs twice as steward. Rare but not a hapax. I am beginning to think there is little point is going further. I think I will find more blunders just by reading.

I must admit that the list I am comparing with is very hard to use. See if it doesn't give you a headache. First I have to read the fuzzy pictures, then decipher Roman numerals for chapter numbers, then compare my database which can be sorted for ease with a randomly sequenced set of verses. It is a very low-quality web page, but probably a very old web page before the common use of Unicode.

I checked how many Hebrew words there are that are unique in their form. As I thought, it is quite high. My count is 18,971. These represent 2,072 stems outside of the domain of names.

For example, the very common stem בוא, come, go, bring, etc has 123 unique word-forms. A quick scan by their combination of prefixes (verb forms and prepositions and conjunctions) and suffixes (verb forms and pronouns) in Hebrew word order shows that they are each unique. (I won't make you do it but if you want the lists, just let me know and I will figure out a way to publish them.) My simple prediction algorithm made no attempt to translate these automatically, so as puzzle pieces they remained unknown to me until I came across them.

Percentage of unique Hebrew stems by book
The distribution by book is in the graph. You can see clearly how books differ from each other in terms of percent of unique word forms.

The primary history (including Chronicles) is very consistently under 5% unique forms apart from Deuteronomy. Isaiah stands out as different among the major prophets, Nahum among the 12, and the Song among the Scrolls.

Here are the percentages for my stricter view of hapaxes by stem.

(Graph replaced - had the wrong axis by mistake)

Saturday, December 8, 2018

Advent links - week 1

A detailed interaction between two scholars on the beginning of the separation of Christianity from Judaism - When Christians were Jews by Paula Fredriksen, review by Larry Hurtado.

Here is a meditation on Isaiah 9 from Jim Gordon (verse numbers differ from the Hebrew.) And my work on it from January '17. Jim's is seasonally timed. Mine was not. I heard Evelyn Glennie in New York at Carnegie Hall when the Winnipeg Symphony played there in May of 2014.

This article is too hard for me but fascinating if one were trained in the software of mtDNA. The concluding comment underlines Occam's razor: Science greedily seizes simplicity among complexities. Poetics among scientists.

Species are islands in sequence space.
COI barcode NJ tree and Klee diagram of American Robin
(Turdus migratorius) and closely related Turdus species.
This sentence gave me brief pause:
Therefore the biological classification is simultaneously a man-made system of pigeonholes devised for the pragmatic purpose of recording observations in a convenient manner and an acknowledgement of the fact of organic discontinuity.
Does this ask the question, what is 'in' the database? And does our database design preclude our seeing other possibilities?

OUP has another post on genetics these past few days.

Given that the family of Jesus was a refugee family, perhaps this art exhibit of the itinerary of recent refugees will be of interest. CRASSH is a very full and busy site with many RSS feeds on events and articles of interest. The copyright image of a refugee gripping razor wire reminds me of the picture I took in Israel in 2010 of the pomegranate in razor wire. (In the recent somewhat too serious carnival.)

Take note - a bit of internationalization for Prof J. Simon.

A detail or two on the redaction of Daniel, showing the similarities to the story of Joseph's dream interpretation.

Friday, December 7, 2018

Unique readings in the Hebrew Bible - Promise and Trouble

It's nice to have these easy to read posts before going after the lists in random order on other sites. This is all part of validating my decisions at the micro level.
Count of hapaxes by sub-domain for Promise
I often include both the verb and its opposite in the same domain. That's why some of these may seem the opposite of promise. But all are subject to revision. I have a two level hierarchy to handle 2500 or so stems. If I had for the 7 divisions, 20 to 30 subdivisions, I get a dividing factor of say 250 or so and the number of stems in each an average of 10. In practice, it is quite variable.

One more to go. Trouble. This has 48 entries at the moment.
Count of hapaxes by sub-domain for Trouble
I used insult only once! KJV choֹoses well to associate this stem הכר with נכר. It looks so close. I wonder what the other sources consider it as part of. Later ...

LEVITICUS1339בהקa freckle
LEVITICUS1928קעקעa tattoo
LEVITICUS2616דובand to sap
JUDGES526חקהshe bashed
1 SAMUEL233אדבand to make wilt
1 SAMUEL1533שׁסףhacked in pieces
1 KINGS2033חלטand they clinched
2 KINGS1027חראas a latrine
ISAIAH316שׂקרand ogling
ISAIAH1917חגאfor giddiness
ISAIAH225קררand is collapsed
ISAIAH611פקחקוחopening of prison
JEREMIAH431יפחgasping for breath
JEREMIAH527כלובas a cage
JEREMIAH2926צניקthe pranger
EZEKIEL1640בתקand massacre you
HOSEA86שׁבבshattered in pieces
AMOS511בשׁסyou encroach
MICAH614ישׁחand your depression
HABAKKUK19מגמהpumped up
PSALMS624התתwill you rail
PSALMS6921נושׁand I am despondent
PSALMS738מוקthey mock
PSALMS8014כרסםwastes her
PSALMS8816פוןI am distracted
PSALMS991נוטlet be displaced
JOB28גרדto scrape
JOB610סלדI leap for joy
JOB1524כדרfor onslaught
JOB171זעךare extinct
JOB193הכרto insult
JOB3013נתסthey disfigure
JOB3320זהםand finds foul
JOB3515פשׁin disintegration
LAMENTATIONS114שׂקדnow lashed
LAMENTATIONS311פשׁחdismembering me
LAMENTATIONS316כפשׁhe has made me cower
QOHELET108גומץa pothole
EZRA423אדרעwith a strong arm