Saturday, February 25, 2017

Jeremiah 40

There is much of historical and political history here concerning dispersal of Judeans and fraternal warfare as well. The many names are largely unknown to me, but there they are and one could consult a good commentary to find out more.

The overture from Nebuzaradan to Jeremiah is curious. Is this overlord of the executioners a secret admirer of the prophet? He almost seems to speak Jeremiah's language, but I will have to wait to see if more is revealed. Based on the rough number of occurrences, I doubt we will hear any more of him. A derivative of נשא, lift up, is used for the idea of gift, a donation, or handout, or special interest gift from N to J. I have used ration card and care package somewhat anachronistically, remembering the treatment of citizens after the second war in the last century.

Jeremiah 40 Fn Min Max Syll
הַדָּבָ֞ר אֲשֶׁר־הָיָ֤ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֙הוּ֙ מֵאֵ֣ת יְהוָ֔ה אַחַ֣ר ׀ שַׁלַּ֣ח אֹת֗וֹ נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֛ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֖ים מִן־הָֽרָמָ֑ה
בְּקַחְתּ֣וֹ אֹת֗וֹ וְהֽוּא־אָס֤וּר בָּֽאזִקִּים֙ בְּת֨וֹךְ כָּל־גָּל֤וּת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֙ם֙ וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה הַמֻּגְלִ֖ים בָּבֶֽלָה
1 The word that happened to Jeremiah from Yahweh, after Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, set him loose from Ramah,
when he took him and he was bound in chains, in the midst of all the exiled of Jerusalem and Judah, the exiles going toward Babel.
3d 4C 35
30
וַיִּקַּ֥ח רַב־טַבָּחִ֖ים לְיִרְמְיָ֑הוּ
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ דִּבֶּר֙ אֶת־הָרָעָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את אֶל־הַמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּֽה
2 And the overlord of the slaughterers took Jeremiah,
and said to him, Yahweh your God has spoken this evil to this place.
3e 4B 12
25
וַיָּבֵ֥א וַיַּ֛עַשׂ יְהוָ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֵּ֑ר
כִּֽי־חֲטָאתֶ֤ם לַֽיהוָה֙ וְלֹֽא־שְׁמַעְתֶּ֣ם בְּקוֹל֔וֹ וְהָיָ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם הַדָּבָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה
3 And Yahweh came and did as he had spoken,
because you sinned against Yahweh, and you did not hear with his voice, so it is for yourselves, this word.
3d 4C 13
23
וְעַתָּ֞ה הִנֵּ֧ה פִתַּחְתִּ֣יךָ הַיּ֗וֹם מִֽן־הָאזִקִּים֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־יָדֶךָ֒ אִם־ט֨וֹב בְּעֵינֶ֜יךָ לָב֧וֹא אִתִּ֣י בָבֶ֗ל בֹּ֚א וְאָשִׂ֤ים אֶת־עֵינִי֙ עָלֶ֔יךָ וְאִם־רַ֧ע בְּעֵינֶ֛יךָ לָבֽוֹא־אִתִּ֥י בָבֶ֖ל חֲדָ֑ל
רְאֵה֙ כָּל־הָאָ֣רֶץ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ אֶל־ט֨וֹב וְאֶל־הַיָּשָׁ֧ר בְּעֵינֶ֛יךָ לָלֶ֥כֶת שָׁ֖מָּה לֵֽךְ
4 And now behold, I loose you today from the chains that are on your hand. If it is good in your eyes to come with me to Babel, come, and I will set my eyes over you, or if it is evil in your eyes to come with me to Babel, refrain.
See, all the earth is before you, to what is good or to what is upright in your eyes, for you to walk there.
3c 4C 58
27
וְעוֹדֶ֣נּוּ לֹֽא־יָשׁ֗וּב וְשֻׁ֡בָה אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֣ה בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֣ם בֶּן־שָׁפָ֡ן אֲשֶׁר֩ הִפְקִ֨יד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֜ל בְּעָרֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֗ה וְשֵׁ֤ב אִתּוֹ֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ הָעָ֔ם א֠וֹ אֶל־כָּל־הַיָּשָׁ֧ר בְּעֵינֶ֛יךָ לָלֶ֖כֶת לֵ֑ךְ
וַיִּתֶּן־ל֧וֹ רַב־טַבָּחִ֛ים אֲרֻחָ֥ה וּמַשְׂאֵ֖ת וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵֽהוּ
5 And while he had not turned, ... Or turn to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan, to whom the king of Babel has entrusted the cities of Judah, and settle with him in the midst of the people, or to anywhere that is upright in your eyes for you to walk.
And to him, the overlord of the slaughterers gave a ration card, and a care package, and set him loose.
3c 4C 56
18
וַיָּבֹ֧א יִרְמְיָ֛הוּ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֥ה בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֖ם הַמִּצְפָּ֑תָה
וַיֵּ֤שֶׁב אִתּוֹ֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ הָעָ֔ם הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֖ים בָּאָֽרֶץ
6 And Jeremiah came to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, to Mizpah,
and settled with him in the midst of the people, the residue in the land.
3c 4C 19
16
וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ֩ כָל־שָׂרֵ֨י הַחֲיָלִ֜ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֗ה הֵ֚מָּה וְאַנְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם כִּֽי־הִפְקִ֧יד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֥הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֖ם בָּאָ֑רֶץ
וְכִ֣י ׀ הִפְקִ֣יד אִתּ֗וֹ אֲנָשִׁ֤ים וְנָשִׁים֙ וָטָ֔ף וּמִדַּלַּ֣ת הָאָ֔רֶץ מֵאֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־הָגְל֖וּ בָּבֶֽלָה
7 When all the chiefs of the forces who were in the field, they and their soldiers, heard that the king of Babel had entrusted Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, in the land,
and that he had entrusted him with men and women and little ones, and from the weak of the land, from those not exiled toward Babel,
3c 4C 41
30
וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֖ה הַמִּצְפָּ֑תָה
וְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֡הוּ וְיוֹחָנָ֣ן וְיוֹנָתָ֣ן בְּנֵֽי־קָ֠רֵחַ וּשְׂרָיָ֨ה בֶן־תַּנְחֻ֜מֶת וּבְנֵ֣י ׀ עֵיפַ֣י הַנְּטֹפָתִ֗י וִֽיזַנְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּן־הַמַּ֣עֲכָתִ֔י הֵ֖מָּה וְאַנְשֵׁיהֶֽם
8 Then they came to Gedoliah, to Mizpah,
both Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, and Jochanan and Yonathan, the children of Qareiach, and Saraiah, child of Tanhumeth, and the children of Ephai ,the Netophatite, Yezeniah, child of the Maakatite, they and their soldiers.
3e 4B 11
53
וַיִּשָּׁבַ֨ע לָהֶ֜ם גְּדַלְיָ֨הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֤ם בֶּן־שָׁפָן֙ וּלְאַנְשֵׁיהֶ֣ם לֵאמֹ֔ר אַל־תִּֽירְא֖וּ מֵעֲב֣וֹד הַכַּשְׂדִּ֑ים
שְׁב֣וּ בָאָ֗רֶץ וְעִבְד֛וּ אֶת־מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל וְיִיטַ֥ב לָכֶֽם
9 And to them Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan, and to their soldiers, swore to say, Do not fear service to the Chaldeans.
Settle in the land, and serve the king of Babel, and it will be good for you.
3d 4C 32
18
וַאֲנִ֗י הִנְנִ֤י יֹשֵׁב֙ בַּמִּצְפָּ֔ה לַֽעֲמֹד֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הַכַּשְׂדִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָבֹ֖אוּ אֵלֵ֑ינוּ
וְאַתֶּ֡ם אִסְפוּ֩ יַ֨יִן וְקַ֜יִץ וְשֶׁ֗מֶן וְשִׂ֙מוּ֙ בִּכְלֵיכֶ֔ם וּשְׁב֖וּ בְּעָרֵיכֶ֥ם אֲשֶׁר־תְּפַשְׂתֶּֽם
10 As for me, note me well. I will settle in Mizpah to stand before the Chaldeans that will come to us,
but you, gather wine and summer fruits and oil, and put in your vessels, and settle in your cities that you have occupied.
3e 4C 25
28
וְגַ֣ם כָּֽל־הַיְּהוּדִ֡ים אֲשֶׁר־בְּמוֹאָ֣ב ׀ וּבִבְנֵֽי־עַמּ֨וֹן וּבֶאֱד֜וֹם וַאֲשֶׁ֤ר בְּכָל־הָֽאֲרָצוֹת֙ שָֽׁמְע֔וּ כִּֽי־נָתַ֧ן מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל שְׁאֵרִ֖ית לִֽיהוּדָ֑ה
וְכִי֙ הִפְקִ֣יד עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֥ם בֶּן־שָׁפָֽן
11 And even all the Judeans that were in Moab, and among the children of Ammon, and in Edom, and wherever in all the lands, heard that the king of Babel had permitted a residue of Judah,
and that he had entrusted over them Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan,
3c 4C 42
19
וַיָּשֻׁ֣בוּ כָל־הַיְּהוּדִ֗ים מִכָּל־הַמְּקֹמוֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִדְּחוּ־שָׁ֔ם וַיָּבֹ֧אוּ אֶֽרֶץ־יְהוּדָ֛ה אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ הַמִּצְפָּ֑תָה
וַיַּאַסְפ֛וּ יַ֥יִן וָקַ֖יִץ הַרְבֵּ֥ה מְאֹֽד
12 then all the Judeans returned from all the places where they were banished, and they entered the land of Judah to Gedoliah, to Mizpah,
and gathered wine and very much summer fruit.
3c 4B 35
11
וְיֽוֹחָנָן֙ בֶּן־קָרֵ֔חַ וְכָל־שָׂרֵ֥י הַחֲיָלִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה
בָּ֥אוּ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ הַמִּצְפָּֽתָה
13 And Jochanan, child of Qareiach, and the chiefs of the forces that were in the field,
came to Gedoliah, to Mizpah.
3e 4B 21
11
וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֗יו הֲיָדֹ֤עַ תֵּדַע֙ כִּ֞י בַּעֲלִ֣יס ׀ מֶ֣לֶךְ בְּנֵֽי־עַמּ֗וֹן שָׁלַח֙ אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֔ה לְהַכֹּתְךָ֖ נָ֑פֶשׁ
וְלֹא־הֶאֱמִ֣ין לָהֶ֔ם גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָֽם
14 And they said to him, Did you know that Baalis, king of the children of Amon, has sent out Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, for him to strike you?
But Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, did not believe them.
3e 4C 37
14
וְיוֹחָנָ֣ן בֶּן־קָרֵ֡חַ אָמַ֣ר אֶל־גְּדַלְיָהוּ֩ בַסֵּ֨תֶר בַּמִּצְפָּ֜ה לֵאמֹ֗ר אֵ֤לְכָה נָּא֙ וְאַכֶּה֙ אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֔ה וְאִ֖ישׁ לֹ֣א יֵדָ֑ע
לָ֧מָּה יַכֶּ֣כָּה נֶּ֗פֶשׁ וְנָפֹ֙צוּ֙ כָּל־יְהוּדָ֔ה הַנִּקְבָּצִ֣ים אֵלֶ֔יךָ וְאָבְדָ֖ה שְׁאֵרִ֥ית יְהוּדָֽה
15 Jochanan, child of Qareiach, said to Gedoliah in secret in Mizpah, saying, Let me go, please, and I will strike Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, and no-one will know.
Why should he strike you and smash all Judah who are collected to you, and the residue of Judah perish.
3c 4C 43
31
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר גְּדַלְיָ֤הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָם֙ אֶל־יוֹחָנָ֣ן בֶּן־קָרֵ֔חַ אַֽל־תַּעֲשֵׂ֖ה אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
כִּֽי־שֶׁ֛קֶר אַתָּ֥ה דֹבֵ֖ר אֶל־יִשְׁמָעֵֽאל
16 And Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, said to Jochanan, child of Qareiach, You will not do this thing,
for you are speaking falsehood of Yishmaeil.
3d 4C 29
11

2 Kings 25

Looks like I forgot to post this one. Am getting ahead of myself. This parallels Jeremiah 52, and 40, soon to come. Then I think several chapters of Exodus for a respite.

2 Kings 25 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִי֩ בִשְׁנַ֨ת הַתְּשִׁיעִ֜ית לְמָלְכ֗וֹ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂירִי֮ בֶּעָשׂ֣וֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ֒ בָּ֠א נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּ֨ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֜ל ה֧וּא וְכָל־חֵיל֛וֹ עַל־יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם וַיִּ֣חַן עָלֶ֑יהָ
וַיִּבְנ֥וּ עָלֶ֖יהָ דָּיֵ֥ק סָבִֽיב
1 And it was in the year the ninth of of his reign, in the tenth new moon, on the tenth of the month, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, came, he and all his force, against Jerusalem, and encamped against her,
and he built against her a siege-wall round about.
3c 4B 49
10
וַתָּבֹ֥א הָעִ֖יר בַּמָּצ֑וֹר
עַ֚ד עַשְׁתֵּ֣י עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ צִדְקִיָּֽהוּ
2 And the city came under siege,
until the eleventh year of the reign of Zedekiah.
3e 4C 8
14
בְּתִשְׁעָ֣ה לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ וַיֶּחֱזַ֥ק הָרָעָ֖ב בָּעִ֑יר
וְלֹא־הָ֥יָה לֶ֖חֶם לְעַ֥ם הָאָֽרֶץ
3 On the ninth of the month so resolute was the famine in the city,
that there was no bread for the people of the land.
3e 4B 15
10
וַתִּבָּקַ֣ע הָעִ֗יר וְכָל־אַנְשֵׁ֨י הַמִּלְחָמָ֤ה ׀ הַלַּ֙יְלָה֙ דֶּ֜רֶךְ שַׁ֣עַר ׀ בֵּ֣ין הַחֹמֹתַ֗יִם אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־גַּ֣ן הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְכַשְׂדִּ֥ים עַל־הָעִ֖יר סָבִ֑יב
וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ דֶּ֥רֶךְ הָעֲרָבָֽה
4 And the city was split, and all the men of the battle in the night, by way of the gate between the walls, by the king's garden. And the Chaldeans were against the city round about,
and they went by way of the steppe.
3e 4C 41
9
וַיִּרְדְּפ֤וּ חֵיל־כַּשְׂדִּים֙ אַחַ֣ר הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיַּשִּׂ֥גוּ אֹת֖וֹ בְּעַרְב֣וֹת יְרֵח֑וֹ
וְכָל־חֵיל֔וֹ נָפֹ֖צוּ מֵעָלָֽיו
5 And the force of the Chaldeans pursued after the king and they overtook him in the steppes of Jericho,
and all his force was dispersed from him.
3e 4C 24
10
וַֽיִּתְפְּשׂוּ֙ אֶת־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיַּעֲל֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ אֶל־מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל רִבְלָ֑תָה
וַיְדַבְּר֥וּ אִתּ֖וֹ מִשְׁפָּֽט
6 And they arrested the king, and they brought him up to the king of Babel toward Riblah,
and they subjugated him to judgment.
3d 4A 22
7
וְאֶת־בְּנֵי֙ צִדְקִיָּ֔הוּ שָׁחֲט֖וּ לְעֵינָ֑יו
וְאֶת־עֵינֵ֤י צִדְקִיָּ֙הוּ֙ עִוֵּ֔ר וַיַּאַסְרֵ֙הוּ֙ בַֽנְחֻשְׁתַּ֔יִם וַיְבִאֵ֖הוּ בָּבֶֽל
7 And the children of Zedekiah they butchered before his eyes,
and the eyes of Zedekiah, he blinded, and bound him with brass chains, and brought him to Babel.
3e 4C 14
24
וּבַחֹ֤דֶשׁ הַֽחֲמִישִׁי֙ בְּשִׁבְעָ֣ה לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ הִ֗יא שְׁנַת֙ תְּשַֽׁע־עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּ֣ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֑ל
בָּ֞א נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֧ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֛ים עֶ֥בֶד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh of the month, (this was year nineteen of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel)
Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, a servant of the king of Babel, entered Jerusalem.
3c 4C 35
20
וַיִּשְׂרֹ֥ף אֶת־בֵּית־יְהוָ֖ה וְאֶת־בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־בָּתֵּ֧י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֛ם וְאֶת־כָּל־בֵּ֥ית גָּד֖וֹל שָׂרַ֥ף בָּאֵֽשׁ
9 And he incinerated the house of Yahweh, and the house of the king,
and all the houses of Jerusalem and every great house, he incinerated in the fire.
3c 4B 13
19
וְאֶת־חוֹמֹ֥ת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם סָבִ֑יב
נָֽתְצוּ֙ כָּל־חֵ֣יל כַּשְׂדִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
10 And the wall of Jerusalem round about,
all the force of the Chaldeans that was with the overlord of the slaughterers, broke down.
3e 4B 10
12
וְאֵת֩ יֶ֨תֶר הָעָ֜ם הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֣ים בָּעִ֗יר וְאֶת־הַנֹּֽפְלִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר נָפְלוּ֙ עַל־הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֔ל וְאֵ֖ת יֶ֣תֶר הֶהָמ֑וֹן
הֶגְלָ֕ה נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֖ן רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
11 And the remaining of the people, the residue in the city, and the fallen that fell to the king of Babel, and the remaining of the tumult,
Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, had exiled.
3e 4C 34
11
וּמִדַּלַּ֣ת הָאָ֔רֶץ הִשְׁאִ֖יר רַב־טַבָּחִ֑ים
לְכֹֽרְמִ֖ים וּלְיֹגְבִֽים
12 But from the weak of the land, the overlord of the slaughterers left a residue,
for the vineyards and for the ploughed fields.
3e 4B 13
6
וְאֶת־עַמּוּדֵ֨י הַנְּחֹ֜שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֣ר בֵּית־יְהוָ֗ה וְֽאֶת־הַמְּכֹנ֞וֹת וְאֶת־יָ֧ם הַנְּחֹ֛שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּבֵית־יְהוָ֖ה שִׁבְּר֣וּ כַשְׂדִּ֑ים
וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ אֶת־נְחֻשְׁתָּ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
13 And the pillars of brass that were of the house of Yahweh, and the bases, and the brass sea that was by the house of Yahweh, the Chaldeans broke,
and they bore away their brass toward Babel.
3c 4B 34
10
וְאֶת־הַסִּירֹ֨ת וְאֶת־הַיָּעִ֜ים וְאֶת־הַֽמְזַמְּר֣וֹת וְאֶת־הַכַּפּ֗וֹת וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־כְּלֵ֧י הַנְּחֹ֛שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֥ר יְשָֽׁרְתוּ־בָ֖ם לָקָֽחוּ 14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass that were for ministry among them, they took away. 3c 4B 37
וְאֶת־הַמַּחְתּוֹת֙ וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָק֗וֹת אֲשֶׁ֤ר זָהָב֙ זָהָ֔ב וַאֲשֶׁר־כֶּ֖סֶף כָּ֑סֶף
לָקַ֖ח רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
15 And the censers, and the bowls, that were gold, in gold, and that were silver, in silver,
the overlord of the slaughterers took.
3e 4C 24
6
הָעַמּוּדִ֣ים ׀ שְׁנַ֗יִם הַיָּ֤ם הָֽאֶחָד֙ וְהַמְּכֹנ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֥ה שְׁלֹמֹ֖ה לְבֵ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
לֹא־הָיָ֣ה מִשְׁקָ֔ל לִנְחֹ֖שֶׁת כָּל־הַכֵּלִ֥ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
16 The pillars, two, the sea, one, that Solomon made for the house of Yahweh.
There was no appraisal for all these brass vessels.
3e 4C 26
14
שְׁמֹנֶה֩ עֶשְׂרֵ֨ה אַמָּ֜ה קוֹמַ֣ת ׀ הָעַמּ֣וּד הָאֶחָ֗ד וְכֹתֶ֨רֶת עָלָ֥יו ׀ נְחֹשֶׁת֮ וְקוֹמַ֣ת הַכֹּתֶרֶת֮ שָׁלֹ֣שׁ אַמּוֹת֒ וּשְׂבָכָ֨ה וְרִמֹּנִ֧ים עַֽל־הַכֹּתֶ֛רֶת סָבִ֖יב הַכֹּ֣ל נְחֹ֑שֶׁת
וְכָאֵ֛לֶּה לַֽעַמּ֥וּד הַשֵּׁנִ֖י עַל־הַשְּׂבָכָֽה
17 Eighteen cubits, the height of the one pillar, and encircling it brass, and the height of the capital, three cubits, and a mesh, and pomegranates against the capital surrounding, the whole of brass,
and like these of the second pillar over the fretwork.
3c 4B 54
14
וַיִּקַּ֣ח רַב־טַבָּחִ֗ים אֶת־שְׂרָיָה֙ כֹּהֵ֣ן הָרֹ֔אשׁ וְאֶת־צְפַנְיָ֖הוּ כֹּהֵ֣ן מִשְׁנֶ֑ה
וְאֶת־שְׁלֹ֖שֶׁת שֹׁמְרֵ֥י הַסַּֽף
18 And the overlord of the slaughterers took Saraiah, the head priest, and Zephaniah, priest of the second order,
and three of the keepers of the doorway.
3e 4B 25
9
וּמִן־הָעִ֡יר לָקַח֩ סָרִ֨יס אֶחָ֜ד אֲ‍ֽשֶׁר־ה֥וּא פָקִ֣יד ׀ עַל־אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֗ה וַחֲמִשָּׁ֨ה אֲנָשִׁ֜ים מֵרֹאֵ֤י פְנֵֽי־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִמְצְא֣וּ בָעִ֔יר וְאֵ֗ת הַסֹּפֵר֙ שַׂ֣ר הַצָּבָ֔א הַמַּצְבִּ֖א אֶת־עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ
וְשִׁשִּׁ֥ים אִישׁ֙ מֵעַ֣ם הָאָ֔רֶץ הַֽנִּמְצְאִ֖ים בָּעִֽיר
19 And from the city, he took one eunuch, (he was an officer over the warriors), and five persons from those who saw the presence of the king, that were found in the city, and the secretary, chief of the host who pressed into service the people of the land,
and sixty adults from the people of the land that were found in the city.
3e 4C 59
15
וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֹתָ֔ם נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֖ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֑ים
וַיֹּ֧לֶךְ אֹתָ֛ם עַל־מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל רִבְלָֽתָה
20 And Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, took them,
and ushered them to the king of Babel toward Riblah.
3c 4B 14
13
וַיַּ֣ךְ אֹתָם֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ בָּבֶ֧ל וַיְמִיתֵ֛ם בְּרִבְלָ֖ה בְּאֶ֣רֶץ חֲמָ֑ת
וַיִּ֥גֶל יְהוּדָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל אַדְמָתֽוֹ
21 And the king of Babel struck them and put them to death in Riblah, in the land of Hamath,
and exiled Judah away from its own ground.
3c 4B 19
11
וְהָעָ֗ם הַנִּשְׁאָר֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ יְהוּדָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִשְׁאִ֔יר נְבֽוּכַדְנֶאצַּ֖ר מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֑ל
וַיַּפְקֵ֣ד עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֥ם בֶּן־שָׁפָֽן
22 And the people, the residue in the land of Judah, that Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, left as residue,
he entrusted them to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan.
3e 4B 25
18
וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ֩ כָל־שָׂרֵ֨י הַחֲיָלִ֜ים הֵ֣מָּה וְהָאֲנָשִׁ֗ים כִּֽי־הִפְקִ֤יד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶל֙ אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֔הוּ וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ הַמִּצְפָּ֑ה
וְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֡ה וְיוֹחָנָ֣ן בֶּן־קָ֠רֵחַ וּשְׂרָיָ֨ה בֶן־תַּנְחֻ֜מֶת הַנְּטֹפָתִ֗י וְיַֽאֲזַנְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּן־הַמַּ֣עֲכָתִ֔י הֵ֖מָּה וְאַנְשֵׁיהֶֽם
23 When all the chiefs of the forces, they and their soldiers, heard that king of Babel had entrusted Gedoliah, they came to Gedoliah at Mizpah,
both Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, and Jochanan, child of Qareiach, and Saraiah, child of Tanhumeth, the Netophatite, and Jaazaniah, child of the Maakatite, they and their soldiers.
3e 4C 41
46
וַיִּשָּׁבַ֨ע לָהֶ֤ם גְּדַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ וּלְאַנְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֔ם אַל־תִּֽירְא֖וּ מֵעַבְדֵ֣י הַכַּשְׂדִּ֑ים
שְׁב֣וּ בָאָ֗רֶץ וְעִבְד֛וּ אֶת־מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל וְיִטַ֥ב לָכֶֽם
24 And Gedoliah swore to them and to their soldiers, and he said to them, Do not fear service to the Chaldeans.
Settle in the land and serve the king of Babel, and it will be good for you.
3d 4C 28
18
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י בָּ֣א יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְ֠תַנְיָה בֶּן־אֱלִ֨ישָׁמָ֜ע מִזֶּ֣רַע הַמְּלוּכָ֗ה וַעֲשָׂרָ֤ה אֲנָשִׁים֙ אִתּ֔וֹ וַיַּכּ֥וּ אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ וַיָּמֹ֑ת
וְאֶת־הַיְּהוּדִים֙ וְאֶת־הַכַּשְׂדִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־הָי֥וּ אִתּ֖וֹ בַּמִּצְפָּֽה
25 And it happened in the seventh month, Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, child of Elishama, from the seed of royalty, came, and ten persons with him, and they struck Gedoliah and he died,
and the Judeans and the Chaldeans who were with him in Mizpah.
3e 4C 48
19
וַיָּקֻ֨מוּ כָל־הָעָ֜ם מִקָּטֹ֤ן וְעַד־גָּדוֹל֙ וְשָׂרֵ֣י הַחֲיָלִ֔ים וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ מִצְרָ֑יִם
כִּ֥י יָרְא֖וּ מִפְּנֵ֥י כַשְׂדִּֽים
26 And all the people arose from the least and to the greatest, and the chiefs of the forces, and they came to Egypt,
for they feared the presence of the Chaldeans.
3e 4C 27
7
וַיְהִי֩ בִשְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים וָשֶׁ֜בַע שָׁנָ֗ה לְגָלוּת֙ יְהוֹיָכִ֣ין מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֔ה בִּשְׁנֵ֤ים עָשָׂר֙ חֹ֔דֶשׁ בְּעֶשְׂרִ֥ים וְשִׁבְעָ֖ה לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ
נָשָׂ֡א אֱוִ֣יל מְרֹדַךְ֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ בָּבֶ֜ל בִּשְׁנַ֣ת מָלְכ֗וֹ אֶת־רֹ֛אשׁ יְהוֹיָכִ֥ין מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֖ה מִבֵּ֥ית כֶּֽלֶא
27 And it happened in the thirty seventh year of the exile of Jehoiakin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty seventh of the month,
Evilmerodak, king of Babel, in the year he became king lifted up the head of Jehoiakin, king of Judah, from the house of restraint.
3d 4C 37
30
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ טֹב֑וֹת
וַיִּתֵּן֙ אֶת־כִּסְא֔וֹ מֵעַ֗ל כִּסֵּ֧א הַמְּלָכִ֛ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ בְּבָבֶֽל
28 And he spoke well with him,
and he assigned his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babel.
3c 4A 7
20
וְשִׁנָּ֕א אֵ֖ת בִּגְדֵ֣י כִלְא֑וֹ
וְאָכַ֨ל לֶ֧חֶם תָּמִ֛יד לְפָנָ֖יו כָּל־יְמֵ֥י חַיָּֽיו
29 And he transformed the garments of his restraint,
and he ate bread before him continually all the days of his life.
3c 4B 8
15
וַאֲרֻחָת֗וֹ אֲרֻחַ֨ת תָּמִ֧יד נִתְּנָה־לּ֛וֹ מֵאֵ֥ת הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ דְּבַר־י֣וֹם בְּיוֹמ֑וֹ
כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֥י חַיָּֽו
30 And his diet, a diet continually given to him from the king, designated day by day until the day of his death,
all the days of his life.
3c 4B 24
5

Thursday, February 23, 2017

Jeremiah 41

Filling in some holes in my sequences. Almost completed the last chapters of Jeremiah.

This aftermath of destruction is not a credit to the people involved. Of course we know none of them personally. But they were all labelled as 'child of x', and there were 'little ones' as you can read. There is both betrayal and rescue.

Jeremiah 41 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י בָּ֣א יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֣ה בֶן־אֱלִישָׁמָ֣ע מִזֶּ֣רַע הַ֠מְּלוּכָה וְרַבֵּ֨י הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ וַעֲשָׂרָ֨ה אֲנָשִׁ֥ים אִתּ֛וֹ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֥הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֖ם הַמִּצְפָּ֑תָה
וַיֹּ֨אכְלוּ שָׁ֥ם לֶ֛חֶם יַחְדָּ֖ו בַּמִּצְפָּֽה
1 And it happened in the seventh month, Yishmaeil child of Nathaniah, child of Elishama, from the seed of royalty, and overlords of the king, and ten soldiers with him, to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, came to Mizpah,
and they ate bread there, as one, in Mizpah.
3d 4B 56
11
וַיָּקָם֩ יִשְׁמָעֵ֨אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֜ה וַעֲשֶׂ֥רֶת הָאֲנָשִׁ֣ים ׀ אֲשֶׁר־הָי֣וּ אִתּ֗וֹ וַ֠יַּכּוּ אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֨הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָ֧ם בֶּן־שָׁפָ֛ן בַּחֶ֖רֶב וַיָּ֣מֶת אֹת֑וֹ
אֲשֶׁר־הִפְקִ֥יד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל בָּאָֽרֶץ
2 And Yishmaeil child of Nathaniah arose and the ten soldiers who were with him, and struck Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan, with the sword, and put to death him,
to whom the king of Babel had entrusted the land.
3c 4B 48
11
וְאֵ֣ת כָּל־הַיְּהוּדִ֗ים אֲשֶׁר־הָי֨וּ אִתּ֤וֹ אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ בַּמִּצְפָּ֔ה וְאֶת־הַכַּשְׂדִּ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִמְצְאוּ־שָׁ֑ם
אֵ֚ת אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה הִכָּ֖ה יִשְׁמָעֵֽאל
3 And all the Judeans that were were with him, with Gedoliah in Mizpah, and the Chaldeans who were found there,
with the warriors, Yishmaeil struck.
3e 4C 31
13
וַיְהִ֛י בַּיּ֥וֹם הַשֵּׁנִ֖י לְהָמִ֣ית אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֑הוּ
וְאִ֖ישׁ לֹ֥א יָדָֽע
4 And it was by the second day of the death of Gedoliah,
and no one knew,
3d 4B 15
5
וַיָּבֹ֣אוּ אֲ֠נָשִׁים מִשְּׁכֶ֞ם מִשִּׁל֤וֹ וּמִשֹּֽׁמְרוֹן֙ שְׁמֹנִ֣ים אִ֔ישׁ מְגֻלְּחֵ֥י זָקָ֛ן וּקְרֻעֵ֥י בְגָדִ֖ים וּמִתְגֹּֽדְדִ֑ים
וּמִנְחָ֤ה וּלְבוֹנָה֙ בְּיָדָ֔ם לְהָבִ֖יא בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
5 that persons came from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, eighty persons, shaven beard, and ripped garments, and self-slashed,
and gift and frankincense in their hands, to come to the house of Yahweh.
3d 4C 34
15
וַ֠יֵּצֵא יִשְׁמָעֵ֨אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֤ה לִקְרָאתָם֙ מִן־הַמִּצְפָּ֔ה הֹלֵ֥ךְ הָלֹ֖ךְ וּבֹכֶ֑ה
וַֽיְהִי֙ כִּפְגֹ֣שׁ אֹתָ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֔ם בֹּ֖אוּ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֥הוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָֽם
6 ~ And Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, came forth to encounter them from Mizpah, walking, walking and weeping,
and it was as he met them, that he said to them, Come to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam.
3e 4C 25
22
וַיְהִ֕י כְּבוֹאָ֖ם אֶל־תּ֣וֹךְ הָעִ֑יר
וַיִּשְׁחָטֵ֞ם יִשְׁמָעֵ֤אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָה֙ אֶל־תּ֣וֹךְ הַבּ֔וֹר ה֖וּא וְהָאֲנָשִׁ֥ים אֲשֶׁר־אִתּֽוֹ
7 And it was when they entered into the centre of city,
that Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, butchered them in the centre of the pit, he, and everyone that was with him.
3e 4C 9
26
וַעֲשָׂרָ֨ה אֲנָשִׁ֜ים נִמְצְאוּ־בָ֗ם וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ אֶל־יִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ אַל־תְּמִתֵ֔נוּ כִּֽי־יֶשׁ־לָ֤נוּ מַטְמֹנִים֙ בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה חִטִּ֥ים וּשְׂעֹרִ֖ים וְשֶׁ֣מֶן וּדְבָ֑שׁ
וַיֶּחְדַּ֕ל וְלֹ֥א הֱמִיתָ֖ם בְּת֥וֹךְ אֲחֵיהֶֽם
8 But ten persons were found among them that said to Yishmaeil, Do not put us to death, for we have buried treasure in the field, wheat and barley, and oil and honey,
so he refrained, and did not put them to death among their kin.
3e 4C 43
13
וְהַבּ֗וֹר אֲשֶׁר֩ הִשְׁלִ֨יךְ שָׁ֤ם יִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ אֵ֣ת ׀ כָּל־פִּגְרֵ֣י הָאֲנָשִׁ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר הִכָּה֙ בְּיַד־גְּדַלְיָ֔הוּ ה֗וּא אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָשָׂה֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אָסָ֔א מִפְּנֵ֖י בַּעְשָׁ֣א מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אֹת֗וֹ מִלֵּ֛א יִשְׁמָעֵ֥אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֖הוּ חֲלָלִֽים
9 And the pit where Yishmaeil cast out all the carcasses of the persons that he struck (by the hand of Gedoliah),
it is that which king Asa made facing Baasha, king of Israel. Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, filled it with the profaned.
3d 4C 49
16
וַיִּ֣שְׁבְּ ׀ יִ֠שְׁמָעֵאל אֶת־כָּל־שְׁאֵרִ֨ית הָעָ֜ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּמִּצְפָּ֗ה אֶת־בְּנ֤וֹת הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְאֶת־כָּל־הָעָם֙ הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֣ים בַּמִּצְפָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִפְקִ֗יד נְבֽוּזַרְאֲדָן֙ רַב־טַבָּחִ֔ים אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֖הוּ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֑ם
וַיִּשְׁבֵּם֙ יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֔ה וַיֵּ֕לֶךְ לַעֲבֹ֖ר אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
10 And Yishmaeil took captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, the daughters of the king, and all the people left as residue in Mizpah, that Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, had entrusted with Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam.
And Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, took them captive and went to cross over to the children of Amon.
3e 4C 59
22
וַיִּשְׁמַע֙ יוֹחָנָ֣ן בֶּן־קָרֵ֔חַ וְכָל־שָׂרֵ֥י הַחֲיָלִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֑וֹ
אֵ֤ת כָּל־הָֽרָעָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָֽה
11 And Jochanan, child of Qareiach, heard, and the chiefs of the forces that were with him,
all the evil that Yishmaeil child of Nathaniah had done.
3e 4C 22
17
וַיִּקְחוּ֙ אֶת־כָּל־הָ֣אֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיֵּ֣לְכ֔וּ לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם עִם־יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֑ה
וַיִּמְצְא֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ אֶל־מַ֥יִם רַבִּ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּגִבְעֽוֹן
12 And they took all the soldiers and went to fight with Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah,
and they found him at the many waters that were in Gibeon.
3e 4B 25
15
וַיְהִ֗י כִּרְא֤וֹת כָּל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֔אל אֶת־יֽוֹחָנָן֙ בֶּן־קָרֵ֔חַ וְאֵ֛ת כָּל־שָׂרֵ֥י הַחֲיָלִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֑וֹ
וַיִּשְׂמָֽחוּ
13 And it happened that when all the people that were with Yishmaeil saw Jochanan, child of Qareiach, and all the chiefs of the forces who were with him,
then they were glad.
3d 4C 35
4
וַיָּסֹ֙בּוּ֙ כָּל־הָעָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־שָׁבָ֥ה יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל מִן־הַמִּצְפָּ֑ה
וַיָּשֻׁ֙בוּ֙ וַיֵּ֣לְכ֔וּ אֶל־יֽוֹחָנָ֖ן בֶּן־קָרֵֽחַ
14 And they turned around, all the people that Yishmaeil took captive from Mizpah,
and they returned and went to Jochanan, child of Qareiach.
3e 4B 19
15
וְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֗ה נִמְלַט֙ בִּשְׁמֹנָ֣ה אֲנָשִׁ֔ים מִפְּנֵ֖י יֽוֹחָנָ֑ן
וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
15 But Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, escaped with eight soldiers from Jochanan,
and went to the children of Amon.
3e 4B 22
8
וַיִּקַּח֩ יוֹחָנָ֨ן בֶּן־קָרֵ֜חַ וְכָל־שָׂרֵ֧י הַחֲיָלִ֣ים אֲשֶׁר־אִתּ֗וֹ אֵ֣ת כָּל־שְׁאֵרִ֤ית הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֵ֠שִׁיב מֵאֵ֨ת יִשְׁמָעֵ֤אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָה֙ מִן־הַמִּצְפָּ֔ה אַחַ֣ר הִכָּ֔ה אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֖ה בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֑ם
גְּבָרִ֞ים אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֗ה וְנָשִׁ֤ים וְטַף֙ וְסָ֣רִסִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֵשִׁ֖יב מִגִּבְעֽוֹן
16 And Jochanan, child of Qareiach, and the chiefs of the forces that were with him, took all the residue of the people that he had restored from Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, from Mizpah, (after he struck Gedoliah child of Ahiqam),
valiant warriors, and women, and little ones, and eunuchs, that he had restored from Gibeon.
3c 4C 59
25
וַיֵּלְכ֗וּ וַיֵּֽשְׁבוּ֙ בְּגֵר֣וּת כִּמְהָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־אֵ֖צֶל בֵּ֣ית לָ֑חֶם
לָלֶ֖כֶת לָב֥וֹא מִצְרָֽיִם
17 And they went and settled in the abode of Kimham that was next to Bethlehem,
to go to the entry to Egypt,
3e 4B 18
8
מִפְּנֵי֙ הַכַּשְׂדִּ֔ים כִּ֥י יָרְא֖וּ מִפְּנֵיהֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־הִכָּ֞ה יִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָ֗ה אֶת־גְּדַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־הִפְקִ֥יד מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל בָּאָֽרֶץ
18 in the face of the Chaldeans, for they feared before them,
for Yishmaeil, child of Nathaniah, had struck Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, to whom the king of Babel had entrusted the land.
3e 4B 11
30

Genesis 12

I thought in approaching and passing the 50% 'complete' milestone, I should do a chapter or two from some books that I have long ignored.

I came across something I hadn't yet considered in Genesis 12, beginning the story of Abraham.

What was the soul, הנפשׁ that Abram and Sarai took with them? I don't do soul, and it is not the souls, plural. There were undoubtedly other people in their party since they had stuff to carry for such an expedition. But soul, singular? Just another question and there will be more in this area, perhaps נפשׁ is a collective noun.  Wouldn't that be a surprise! E.g. Genesis 46:15, כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ בָּנָיו, all the soul of his children. Other translations just leave the word out. There we are. I do that too.

For the record, here are the glosses I have used to date for the root Nun Peh Shin
-- (part of the phrase, not specifically translated), being, cadaver, group, himself, individual, integrity, itself, myself, now, ourselves, own, self, themselves, throat, very self, vitality, yourselves.

This language issue aside, it is instructive to read this having seen a good chunk of the literary corpus that has arisen from this root.

This particular beginning for Abraham is somewhat ominous with respect to his relationship to 'the world'. Translations (like the KJV) may avoid the bald statement that Pharaoh took Sarai as wife. Given the flexibility one can impose on the Hebrew verb, this may be excusable. Perhaps she was only in the harem, and no coitus had occurred. The repetition of this episode with Isaac and Abimelek, (26:1-11) later in the story may tip us off, as any repetition should, to a larger structural move to highlight what is contained. (Or it may be just a repetition, a failure to learn to avoid offense.)

In this section, the migration into and out of the land and into and out of Egypt is surrounded by Abram and all that he had, verses 5 elaborately stated, and 20, simply summarized. Does this include all the gifts from Pharaoh?

Genesis 12 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ
אֶל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַרְאֶֽךָּ
1 And Yahweh said to Abram, Go for yourself from your land, and from your kindred, and from the house of your ancestors,
to the land that I will show you.
3d 4C 27
9
וְאֶֽעֶשְׂךָ֙ לְג֣וֹי גָּד֔וֹל וַאֲבָ֣רֶכְךָ֔ וַאֲגַדְּלָ֖ה שְׁמֶ֑ךָ
וֶהְיֵ֖ה בְּרָכָֽה
2 And I will make you a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will make great your name,
and you will be a blessing.
3e 4B 21
5
וַאֲבָֽרֲכָה֙ מְבָ֣רְכֶ֔יךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ֖ אָאֹ֑ר
וְנִבְרְכ֣וּ בְךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָאֲדָמָֽה
3 And I will bless those who bless you, and those who deny you, I will curse, and will be blessed in you all the families of humanity. 3e 4B 15
14
וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אַבְרָ֗ם כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֔ה וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ אִתּ֖וֹ ל֑וֹט
וְאַבְרָ֗ם בֶּן־חָמֵ֤שׁ שָׁנִים֙ וְשִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה בְּצֵאת֖וֹ מֵחָרָֽן
4 So Abram went as Yahweh spoke to him and Lot came with him,
and Abram was a child of seventy five years when he went out from Haran.
3e 4C 20
19
וַיִּקַּ֣ח אַבְרָם֩ אֶת־שָׂרַ֨י אִשְׁתּ֜וֹ וְאֶת־ל֣וֹט בֶּן־אָחִ֗יו וְאֶת־כָּל־רְכוּשָׁם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר רָכָ֔שׁוּ וְאֶת־הַנֶּ֖פֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר־עָשׂ֣וּ בְחָרָ֑ן
וַיֵּצְא֗וּ לָלֶ֙כֶת֙ אַ֣רְצָה כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אַ֥רְצָה כְּנָֽעַן
5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot, the son of his brother, and all their belongings that belonged to them, and the group that they dealt with in Haran,
and they went forth to walk toward the land of Canaan, and they came toward the land of Canaan.
3e 4B 39
19
וַיַּעֲבֹ֤ר אַבְרָם֙ בָּאָ֔רֶץ עַ֚ד מְק֣וֹם שְׁכֶ֔ם עַ֖ד אֵל֣וֹן מוֹרֶ֑ה
וְהַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י אָ֥ז בָּאָֽרֶץ
6 And Abram passed through in the land, to the place of Shechem, to the potency of Moreh,
and the Canaanite was then in the land.
3e 4C 19
9
וַיֵּרָ֤א יְהוָה֙ אֶל־אַבְרָ֔ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לְזַ֨רְעֲךָ֔ אֶתֵּ֖ן אֶת־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַזֹּ֑את
וַיִּ֤בֶן שָׁם֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ לַיהוָ֖ה הַנִּרְאֶ֥ה אֵלָֽיו
7 And Yahweh appeared to Abram and said, To your seed I will give this land.
And he built there an altar to Yahweh who appeared to him.
3e 4C 23
14
וַיַּעְתֵּ֨ק מִשָּׁ֜ם הָהָ֗רָה מִקֶּ֛דֶם לְבֵֽית־אֵ֖ל וַיֵּ֣ט אָהֳלֹ֑ה
בֵּֽית־אֵ֤ל מִיָּם֙ וְהָעַ֣י מִקֶּ֔דֶם וַיִּֽבֶן־שָׁ֤ם מִזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה וַיִּקְרָ֖א בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָֽה
8 And he shifted from there, towards the hill, from the east of Bethel, and he stretched out his tent.
Bethel was seaward, and Ai eastward, and he built there an altar to Yahweh, and called in the name of Yahweh.
3d 4C 19
26
וַיִּסַּ֣ע אַבְרָ֔ם הָל֥וֹךְ וְנָס֖וֹעַ הַנֶּֽגְבָּה 9 So migrated Abram, walking and migrating southward. 3e 4B 14
וַיְהִ֥י רָעָ֖ב בָּאָ֑רֶץ
וַיֵּ֨רֶד אַבְרָ֤ם מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ לָג֣וּר שָׁ֔ם כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד הָרָעָ֖ב בָּאָֽרֶץ
10 And there was a famine in the land,
and Abram descended toward Egypt to reside there, for heavy was the famine in the land.
3e 4C 7
19
וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִקְרִ֖יב לָב֣וֹא מִצְרָ֑יְמָה
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־שָׂרַ֣י אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ הִנֵּה־נָ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֛י אִשָּׁ֥ה יְפַת־מַרְאֶ֖ה אָֽתְּ
11 And it happened that as he approached to enter toward Egypt,
that he said to Sarai, his wife, Behold, if you will, I know that a woman, beautiful of appearance, you are.
3d 4B 12
22
וְהָיָ֗ה כִּֽי־יִרְא֤וּ אֹתָךְ֙ הַמִּצְרִ֔ים וְאָמְר֖וּ אִשְׁתּ֣וֹ זֹ֑את
וְהָרְג֥וּ אֹתִ֖י וְאֹתָ֥ךְ יְחַיּֽוּ
12 And it will be that seeing you, the Egyptians will say, His wife this is,
and they will slay me, but you they will let live.
3e 4C 17
11
אִמְרִי־נָ֖א אֲחֹ֣תִי אָ֑תְּ
לְמַ֙עַן֙ יִֽיטַב־לִ֣י בַעֲבוּרֵ֔ךְ וְחָיְתָ֥ה נַפְשִׁ֖י בִּגְלָלֵֽךְ
13 Say, if you will, my sister you are,
so that it may be good for me on your behalf. Then I will live for your sake.
3e 4B 6
18
וַיְהִ֕י כְּב֥וֹא אַבְרָ֖ם מִצְרָ֑יְמָה
וַיִּרְא֤וּ הַמִּצְרִים֙ אֶת־הָ֣אִשָּׁ֔ה כִּֽי־יָפָ֥ה הִ֖וא מְאֹֽד
14 And it happened as Abram went toward Egypt,
that the Egyptians saw the wife, that she was very beautiful.
3e 4C 9
15
וַיִּרְא֤וּ אֹתָהּ֙ שָׂרֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה וַיְהַֽלְל֥וּ אֹתָ֖הּ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה
וַתֻּקַּ֥ח הָאִשָּׁ֖ה בֵּ֥ית פַּרְעֹֽה
15 And the nobles of Pharaoh saw her, and they praised her to Pharaoh,
And the wife was taken to the house of Pharaoh.
3e 4C 17
9
וּלְאַבְרָ֥ם הֵיטִ֖יב בַּעֲבוּרָ֑הּ
וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר֙ וַחֲמֹרִ֔ים וַעֲבָדִים֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וַאֲתֹנֹ֖ת וּגְמַלִּֽים
16 And to Abram he was good on her behalf,
and there was for him sheep and oxen and asses, and servants, and handmaids, and she-donkeys and camels.
3e 4C 9
24
וַיְנַגַּ֨ע יְהוָ֧ה ׀ אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֛ה נְגָעִ֥ים גְּדֹלִ֖ים וְאֶת־בֵּית֑וֹ
עַל־דְּבַ֥ר שָׂרַ֖י אֵ֥שֶׁת אַבְרָֽם
17 But Yahweh touched Pharaoh with great contagions, and his house,
upon the matter of Sarai, wife of Abram.
3c 4A 18
9
וַיִּקְרָ֤א פַרְעֹה֙ לְאַבְרָ֔ם וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מַה־זֹּ֖את עָשִׂ֣יתָ לִּ֑י
לָ֚מָּה לֹא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֔י כִּ֥י אִשְׁתְּךָ֖ הִֽוא
18 And Pharaoh called to Abram and said, What is this that you have done to me?
Why did you not make clear to me that she is your wife?
3e 4C 17
11
לָמָ֤ה אָמַ֙רְתָּ֙ אֲחֹ֣תִי הִ֔וא וָאֶקַּ֥ח אֹתָ֛הּ לִ֖י לְאִשָּׁ֑ה
וְעַתָּ֕ה הִנֵּ֥ה אִשְׁתְּךָ֖ קַ֥ח וָלֵֽךְ
19 Why did you say, She is my sister? And I took her for me as wife.
And now behold, take your wife and go.
3d 4C 18
11
וַיְצַ֥ו עָלָ֛יו פַּרְעֹ֖ה אֲנָשִׁ֑ים
וַֽיְשַׁלְּח֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ וְאֶת־אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וְאֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־לֽוֹ
20 And Pharaoh commanded men concerning him,
and they sent him away, and his wife and all that he had.
3d 4A 9
15

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Jeremiah 52

This chapter is called an Appendix in my old JB. Really! It is a summary of the destruction and a reflection of all the items of cultic value that were ruined for their precious metals. It reads and sings like a lament for a lost culture. Verse 18, another long verse with no rest, just a continuing list of things lost, and this continuing into verse 19 (bars 158-168 below). (It's different, isn't it, thinking of a scripture verse with bar numbers.)

Capital (כפתר) is also כתר, so close it seems the peh got dropped between Exodus 25 and Jeremiah 52. Not impossible, I suppose. I have let them be equivalent in English.

Jeremiah 52 Fn Min Max Syll
בֶּן־עֶשְׂרִ֨ים וְאַחַ֤ת שָׁנָה֙ צִדְקִיָּ֣הוּ בְמָלְכ֔וֹ וְאַחַ֤ת עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירֽוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ חֲמוּטַ֥ל בַּֽת־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ מִלִּבְנָֽה
1 A child of twenty one years, Zedekiah was, when he began to reign, and eleven years he reigned in Jerusalem,
and the name of his mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah, from Libnah.
3e 4C 28
15
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֖ה יְהוֹיָקִֽים
2 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh,
according to everything that Jehoiachim had done.
3e 4B 10
10
כִּ֣י ׀ עַל־אַ֣ף יְהוָ֗ה הָֽיְתָה֙ בִּירוּשָׁלִַ֣ם וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה עַד־הִשְׁלִיכ֥וֹ אוֹתָ֖ם מֵעַ֣ל פָּנָ֑יו
וַיִּמְרֹ֥ד צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ בְּמֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶֽל
3 B For by the anger of Yahweh it happened, in Jerusalem and Judah until his casting them out from his presence,
that Zedekiah mutinied against the king of Babel.
3e 4B 24
12
וַיְהִי֩ בַשָּׁנָ֨ה הַתְּשִׁעִ֜ית לְמָלְכ֗וֹ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂירִי֮ בֶּעָשׂ֣וֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ֒ בָּ֠א נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֨ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֜ל ה֤וּא וְכָל־חֵילוֹ֙ עַל־יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם וַֽיַּחֲנ֖וּ עָלֶ֑יהָ
וַיִּבְנ֥וּ עָלֶ֛יהָ דָּיֵ֖ק סָבִֽיב
4 And it happened in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth new moon, on the tenth of the month, Nebukadretsar king of Babel came, he and all his force, against Jerusalem, and they encamped against her,
and he built against her a siege-wall round about.
3d 4C 51
10
וַתָּבֹ֥א הָעִ֖יר בַּמָּצ֑וֹר
עַ֚ד עַשְׁתֵּ֣י עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ צִדְקִיָּֽהוּ
5 And the city came under siege,
until the eleventh year of the reign of Zedekiah.
3e 4C 8
14
בַּחֹ֤דֶשׁ הָֽרְבִיעִי֙ בְּתִשְׁעָ֣ה לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ וַיֶּחֱזַ֥ק הָרָעָ֖ב בָּעִ֑יר
וְלֹא־הָיָ֥ה לֶ֖חֶם לְעַ֥ם הָאָֽרֶץ
6 In the fourth new moon, on the ninth of the month, so resolute was the famine in the city,
that there was no bread for the people of the land.
3e 4C 21
10
וַתִּבָּקַ֣ע הָעִ֗יר וְכָל־אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֡ה יִבְרְחוּ֩ וַיֵּצְא֨וּ מֵהָעִ֜יר לַ֗יְלָה דֶּ֜רֶךְ שַׁ֤עַר בֵּין־הַחֹמֹתַ֙יִם֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ עַל־גַּ֣ן הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְכַשְׂדִּ֥ים עַל־הָעִ֖יר סָבִ֑יב
וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ דֶּ֥רֶךְ הָעֲרָבָֽה
7 And the city was split, and all the men of the battle ran, and they went forth from the city by night, by way of the gate between the walls, by the king's garden. And the Chaldeans were against the city round about,
and they went by way of the steppe.
3e 4C 49
9
וַיִּרְדְּפ֤וּ חֵיל־כַּשְׂדִּים֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיַּשִּׂ֥יגוּ אֶת־צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ בְּעַֽרְבֹ֣ת יְרֵח֑וֹ
וְכָל־חֵיל֔וֹ נָפֹ֖צוּ מֵעָלָֽיו
8 And the force of the Chaldeans pursued after the king and they overtook Zedekiah in the steppes of Jericho,
and all his force was dispersed from him.
3e 4C 28
10
וַֽיִּתְפְּשׂוּ֙ אֶת־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיַּעֲל֨וּ אֹת֜וֹ אֶל־מֶ֧לֶךְ בָּבֶ֛ל רִבְלָ֖תָה בְּאֶ֣רֶץ חֲמָ֑ת
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ מִשְׁפָּטִֽים
9 And they arrested the king, and they brought him up to the king of Babel toward Riblah in the land of Hamath,
and he subjugated him to judgment.
3c 4B 27
8
וַיִּשְׁחַ֧ט מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ לְעֵינָ֑יו
וְגַ֛ם אֶת־כָּל־שָׂרֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה שָׁחַ֥ט בְּרִבְלָֽתָה
10 And the king of Babel butchered the children of Zedekiah before his eyes,
and moreover all the nobility of Judah, he butchered toward Riblah.
3c 4A 17
15
וְאֶת־עֵינֵ֥י צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ עִוֵּ֑ר
וַיַּאַסְרֵ֣הוּ בַֽנְחֻשְׁתַּ֗יִם וַיְבִאֵ֤הוּ מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶל֙ בָּבֶ֔לָה וַיִּתְּנֵ֥הוּ בֵֽית־הַפְּקֻדֹּ֖ת עַד־י֥וֹם מוֹתֽוֹ
11 And the eyes of Zedekiah, he blinded,
and bound him with brass chains and the king of Babel brought him to Babel, and he assigned him to the house of the officials until the day of his death.
3e 4C 10
31
וּבַחֹ֤דֶשׁ הַֽחֲמִישִׁי֙ בֶּעָשׂ֣וֹר לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ הִ֗יא שְׁנַת֙ תְּשַֽׁע־עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֣ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֑ל
בָּ֗א נְבֽוּזַרְאֲדָן֙ רַב־טַבָּחִ֔ים עָמַ֛ד לִפְנֵ֥י מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל בִּירוּשָׁלִָֽם
12 And in the fifth month, on the tenth of the month, (this was the nineteenth year of the reign of Nebukadretsar, king of Babel),
Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, who stands before the king of Babel, came into Jerusalem.
3d 4C 35
22
וַיִּשְׂרֹ֥ף אֶת־בֵּית־יְהוָ֖ה וְאֶת־בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־בָּתֵּ֧י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֛ם וְאֶת־כָּל־בֵּ֥ית הַגָּד֖וֹל שָׂרַ֥ף בָּאֵֽשׁ
13 And he incinerated the house of Yahweh, and the house of the king,
and all the houses of Jerusalem and every great house, he incinerated in the fire.
3c 4B 13
20
וְאֶת־כָּל־חֹמ֥וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם סָבִ֑יב
נָֽתְצוּ֙ כָּל־חֵ֣יל כַּשְׂדִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֶת־רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
14 And all the walls of Jerusalem round about,
all the force of the Chaldeans that was with the overlord of the slaughterers, broke down.
3e 4B 11
13
וּמִדַּלּ֨וֹת הָעָ֜ם וְֽאֶת־יֶ֥תֶר הָעָ֣ם ׀ הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֣ים בָּעִ֗יר וְאֶת־הַנֹּֽפְלִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר נָֽפְלוּ֙ אֶל־מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֔ל וְאֵ֖ת יֶ֣תֶר הָֽאָמ֑וֹן
הֶגְלָ֕ה נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֖ן רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
15 And from the weak of the people, and the remaining of the people, the residue in the city, and the fallen that fell to the king of Babel, and the remaining of the populace,
Nebuzaradan the overlord of the slaughterers had exiled.
3e 4C 39
11
וּמִדַּלּ֣וֹת הָאָ֔רֶץ הִשְׁאִ֕יר נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֖ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֑ים
לְכֹרְמִ֖ים וּלְיֹגְבִֽים
16 But from the weak of the land, Nebuzaradan the overlord of the slaughterers, left a residue,
for the vineyards and for the ploughed fields.
3e 4B 18
6
וְאֶת־עַמּוּדֵ֨י הַנְּחֹ֜שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְבֵית־יְהוָ֗ה וְֽאֶת־הַמְּכֹנ֞וֹת וְאֶת־יָ֧ם הַנְּחֹ֛שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּבֵית־יְהוָ֖ה שִׁבְּר֣וּ כַשְׂדִּ֑ים
וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ אֶת־כָּל־נְחֻשְׁתָּ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
17 And the pillars of brass that were of the house of Yahweh, and the bases, and the brass sea that was by the house of Yahweh, the Chaldeans broke,
and they bore away all their brass toward Babel.
3c 4B 35
11
וְאֶת־הַ֠סִּרוֹת וְאֶת־הַיָּעִ֨ים וְאֶת־הַֽמְזַמְּר֜וֹת וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָקֹ֣ת וְאֶת־הַכַּפּ֗וֹת וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־כְּלֵ֧י הַנְּחֹ֛שֶׁת אֲשֶׁר־יְשָׁרְת֥וּ בָהֶ֖ם לָקָֽחוּ 18 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass that were for ministry among them, they took away. 3c 4B 44
וְאֶת־הַ֠סִּפִּים וְאֶת־הַמַּחְתּ֨וֹת וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָק֜וֹת וְאֶת־הַסִּיר֣וֹת וְאֶת־הַמְּנֹר֗וֹת וְאֶת־הַכַּפּוֹת֙ וְאֶת־הַמְּנַקִי֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֤ר זָהָב֙ זָהָ֔ב וַאֲשֶׁר־כֶּ֖סֶף כָּ֑סֶף
לָקַ֖ח רַב־טַבָּחִֽים
19 And the doorways, and the censers, and the bowls, and the pots, and the lamps, and the spoons, and the cleaning pans, that were gold, in gold, and that were silver, in silver,
the overlord of the slaughterers took.
3e 4C 50
6
הָעַמּוּדִ֣ים ׀ שְׁנַ֗יִם הַיָּ֤ם אֶחָד֙ וְהַבָּקָ֞ר שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֤ר נְחֹ֙שֶׁת֙ אֲשֶׁר־תַּ֣חַת הַמְּכֹנ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֛ה הַמֶּ֥לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֖ה לְבֵ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
לֹא־הָיָ֣ה מִשְׁקָ֔ל לִנְחֻשְׁתָּ֖ם כָּל־הַכֵּלִ֥ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
20 The pillars, two, the sea, one, the oxen, twelve that were brass, that were under the bases, that the king Solomon made for the house of Yahweh.
There was no appraisal of all these brass vessels.
3d 4C 42
14
וְהָעַמּוּדִ֗ים שְׁמֹנֶ֨ה עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה אַמָּה֙ קוֹמַת֙ הָעַמֻּ֣ד הָאֶחָ֔ד וְח֛וּט שְׁתֵּים־עֶשְׂרֵ֥ה אַמָּ֖ה יְסֻבֶּ֑נּוּ
וְעָבְי֛וֹ אַרְבַּ֥ע אַצְבָּע֖וֹת נָבֽוּב
21 And the pillars, eighteen cubits, the height of the one standing, and a thread of twelve cubits around it, and its thickness, four fingers, hollow. 3d 4C 32
10
וְכֹתֶ֨רֶת עָלָ֜יו נְחֹ֗שֶׁת וְקוֹמַ֨ת הַכֹּתֶ֥רֶת הָאַחַת֮ חָמֵ֣שׁ אַמּוֹת֒ וּשְׂבָכָ֨ה וְרִמּוֹנִ֧ים עַֽל־הַכּוֹתֶ֛רֶת סָבִ֖יב הַכֹּ֣ל נְחֹ֑שֶׁת
וְכָאֵ֛לֶּה לַֽעַמּ֥וּד הַשֵּׁנִ֖י וְרִמּוֹנִֽים
22 And encircling it, brass, and the height of the one capital, five cubits, and a mesh, and pomegranates over the capitals surrounding, the whole of brass,
and like these, of the second pillar and pomegranates.
3c 4B 42
14
וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ הָֽרִמֹּנִ֔ים תִּשְׁעִ֥ים וְשִׁשָּׁ֖ה ר֑וּחָה
כָּל־הָרִמּוֹנִ֥ים מֵאָ֛ה עַל־הַשְּׂבָכָ֖ה סָבִֽיב
23 And there were ninety six pomegranates per interval.
All the pomegranates over the fretwork, a hundred round about.
3d 4A 14
13
וַיִּקַּ֣ח רַב־טַבָּחִ֗ים אֶת־שְׂרָיָה֙ כֹּהֵ֣ן הָרֹ֔אשׁ וְאֶת־צְפַנְיָ֖ה כֹּהֵ֣ן הַמִּשְׁנֶ֑ה
וְאֶת־שְׁלֹ֖שֶׁת שֹׁמְרֵ֥י הַסַּֽף
24 And the overlord of the slaughterers took Saraiah, the head priest, and Zephaniah, priest of the second order,
and three of the keepers of the doorway.
3e 4B 25
9
וּמִן־הָעִ֡יר לָקַח֩ סָרִ֨יס אֶחָ֜ד אֲ‍ֽשֶׁר־הָיָ֥ה פָקִ֣יד ׀ עַל־אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֗ה וְשִׁבְעָ֨ה אֲנָשִׁ֜ים מֵרֹאֵ֤י פְנֵי־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִמְצְא֣וּ בָעִ֔יר וְאֵ֗ת סֹפֵר֙ שַׂ֣ר הַצָּבָ֔א הַמַּצְבִּ֖א אֶת־עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ
וְשִׁשִּׁ֥ים אִישׁ֙ מֵעַ֣ם הָאָ֔רֶץ הַֽנִּמְצְאִ֖ים בְּת֥וֹךְ הָעִֽיר
25 And from the city, he took one eunuch that was an officer over the warriors, and seven persons from those who saw the presence of the king, that were found in the city, and a secretary, chief of the host who pressed into service the people of the land,
and sixty adults from the people of the land that were found in the midst of the city.
3e 4C 58
17
וַיִּקַּ֣ח אוֹתָ֔ם נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֖ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֑ים
וַיֹּ֧לֶךְ אוֹתָ֛ם אֶל־מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶ֖ל רִבְלָֽתָה
26 And Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, took them,
and ushered them to the king of Babel toward Riblah.
3c 4B 14
13
וַיַּכֶּ֣ה אוֹתָם֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ בָּבֶ֧ל וַיְמִתֵ֛ם בְּרִבְלָ֖ה בְּאֶ֣רֶץ חֲמָ֑ת
וַיִּ֥גֶל יְהוּדָ֖ה מֵעַ֥ל אַדְמָתֽוֹ
27 And the king of Babel struck them and put them to death in Riblah, in the land of Hamath,
and exiled Judah away from its own ground.
3c 4B 20
11
זֶ֣ה הָעָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֶגְלָ֖ה נְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֑ר
בִּשְׁנַת־שֶׁ֕בַע יְהוּדִ֕ים שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֖ים וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים וּשְׁלֹשָֽׁה
28 B This is the people that Nebukadretsar exiled,
in year seven, Judeans, three thousand and twenty three. (3023)
3e 4B 12
19
בִּשְׁנַ֛ת שְׁמוֹנֶ֥ה עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה לִנְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֑ר
מִיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם נֶ֕פֶשׁ שְׁמֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וּשְׁנָֽיִם
29 In the eighteenth year of Nebukadretsar,
from Jerusalem, a group of eight hundred and thirty two. (832)
3d 4B 12
17
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת שָׁלֹ֣שׁ וְעֶשְׂרִים֮ לִנְבֽוּכַדְרֶאצַּר֒ הֶגְלָ֗ה נְבֽוּזַרְאֲדָן֙ רַב־טַבָּחִ֔ים יְהוּדִ֕ים נֶ֕פֶשׁ שְׁבַ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת אַרְבָּעִ֣ים וַחֲמִשָּׁ֑ה
כָּל־נֶ֕פֶשׁ אַרְבַּ֥עַת אֲלָפִ֖ים וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת
30 In the twenty third year of Nebukadretsar, Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, had exiled a group of seven hundred and forty five Judeans. (745)
All groups together, four thousand six hundred. (4600 - it all adds up).
3e 4B 39
13
וַיְהִי֩ בִשְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים וָשֶׁ֜בַע שָׁנָ֗ה לְגָלוּת֙ יְהוֹיָכִ֣ן מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֔ה בִּשְׁנֵ֤ים עָשָׂר֙ חֹ֔דֶשׁ בְּעֶשְׂרִ֥ים וַחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ
נָשָׂ֡א אֱוִ֣יל מְרֹדַךְ֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ בָּבֶ֜ל בִּשְׁנַ֣ת מַלְכֻת֗וֹ אֶת־רֹאשׁ֙ יְהוֹיָכִ֣ין מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֔ה וַיֹּצֵ֥א אוֹת֖וֹ מִבֵּ֥ית הַכְּלֽוּא
31 And it happened in the thirty seventh year of the exile of Jehoiakin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty fifth of the month,
Evilmerodak, king of Babel, in the year of his kingdom lifted up the head of Jehoiakin, king of Judah, and brought him forth from the house of restraint.
3e 4C 38
36
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ טֹב֑וֹת
וַיִּתֵּן֙ אֶת־כִּסְא֔וֹ מִמַּ֗עַל לְכִסֵּ֧א הַמְּלָכִ֛ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ בְּבָבֶֽל
32 And he spoke well with him,
and he assigned his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babel.
3c 4A 7
22
וְשִׁנָּ֕ה אֵ֖ת בִּגְדֵ֣י כִלְא֑וֹ
וְאָכַ֨ל לֶ֧חֶם לְפָנָ֛יו תָּמִ֖יד כָּל־יְמֵ֥י חַיָּֽו
33 And he substituted the garments of his restraint,
and he ate bread before him continually all the days of his life.
3c 4B 8
15
וַאֲרֻחָת֗וֹ אֲרֻחַת֩ תָּמִ֨יד נִתְּנָה־לּ֜וֹ מֵאֵ֧ת מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל דְּבַר־י֥וֹם בְּיוֹמ֖וֹ עַד־י֣וֹם מוֹת֑וֹ
כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֥י חַיָּֽיו
34 And his diet, a diet continually given to him from the king of Babel, designated day by day until the day of his death,
all the days of his life.
3c 4B 29
5

Notes on recent changes

Some time ago in the last 6 months, I noticed confusion between אישׁ and אנושׁ in the various dictionaries I use. The Hebrew Latin concordance clearly distinguishes the plural of the first as אנשׁים. Some online resources confuse this with a plural of אנושׁ, a form that never occurs in the Latin concordance. Both these are in the domain of the Creation-Human.

What is this man? This is a difficult problem and I found it awkward in almost every instance over the past 10 years. I was confused by the limitations of language structures related to he / she / it as well as the desire to be gender inclusive where feasible and where appropriate (whatever that means). I said, 'I will use man / men wherever it is obvious that there is a man intended', but this is impossible in some cases. So I have various other nouns that fit the bill, and avoid the distinction of gender. So e.g.
אישׁ --, adult, another, any, anyone, each, everyone, hero, man, men, one, other, person, personal, representative, rider, soldier, someone, spouse, such,
אנושׁ Enosh, mortal, mortality. This word is related to אנשׁ incurable. And it never occurs in the plural. The plural form if it is there is like sheep in English, both singular and plural.

But it is traditional to translate both אישׁ and אנושׁ as man / men.

As you can see, I have avoided this. But I had confused the two Hebrew roots and yesterday with a dozen or two changes to work already done, I removed the confusion. (Yes, I also changed the published blog posts. I may give up on this but some posts also have formatting issues and they don't show the musical features that are sometimes useful to see, so I am gradually changing them anyway, and any secondary excuse makes it worthwhile cleaning up the past, even if insignificant.)

You can also see that I have sometimes just not translated the word (--). In all these cases the word is implied by the following word like man of war may become warrior.

The word mortal, is turns out, is only used once in the KJV OT. I was surprised at this. I use it quite frequently. (And there are 49 occurrences in the data.)

Interesting that my work is both mortal and soulless! Perhaps I will throw one soul in at the end. Now some will say that soul is not נפשׁ anyway, but נשׁמה, and this is related to the breath-bearing of Psalm 150 and the process of breathing in giving birth to a new breathing person. Well, I don't use soul here either. At the moment, נשׁם is breath, breath-bearing, and swan.

In this work, I must face my confusion. In all design work, the point of weakness must be noted and dealt with. How much more such weakness can I bear?

The Latin rendering of the Hebrew for these words bears witness to the origin of the confusion in Hebrew-English glossaries.
אישׁ vir, maritus, mas virilis aetatis, homo, quisque, comites, sectatores, milites
man, husband, man 's age, virility, man, each one, companions, followers, soldiers,
אנושׁ homo!

(note there is no need for confusion with אדם)
אדם Adam, debris of the ground, dust-bowls, dyed red, earthling, ground, human, humanity, humus, ruddy.

note also the absence of husband (בעל) in my list for אישׁ.

אדם is never man in my work but it is often so in traditional translations.

I can't take any credit for this move. I am a product of many stimuli and I can scarcely identify them. A major one is growing up with the words of Scripture in the King James translation in both reading and musical training, in an era that questioned the dominance of the male and the divine right of kings. I hope the music took over the bias of the reading. Another is having a Latin and music teacher (and priest) who was severely abusive. That should have driven me to drink, but that it didn't is no justification for the incurable man, אישׁ אנשׁ or perhaps just mortal אנושׁ.

I welcome feedback. I know there are things I cannot see or do not hear at present.

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Jeremiah 39

I have just come from a lovely talk at the Synagogue on Arabic influences in modern Hebrew. It occurred to me that hearing such nuance in modern borrowings is something we know, but how do we do such in an ancient tongue such as we are reading here? The speaker explained by dozens of examples how such talk varies by region, by demographic, and by time period, and here I am looking at the ancient tongue as a puzzle that is synchronic, appearing to me all at once in a given form. Obviously it wasn't so written. But perhaps we hear the Hebrew spoken by the Babylonians in the last two posts as different, as deliberately rude and provocative.

Here is the actual destruction. What we lack in the nuance of language is made up for in the music.

There is no rest in verse 1, the verse that heralds the destruction. The patterns of panic in the text are mimicked in the music in verses 4 and 5. (Just observe the syllable counts.) The drama of lament is anticipated in verses 6 to 9. Don't reshape them for speed-reading. Verse 15-18 show that Yahweh has favorites. Perhaps the intent of the destruction was to shake up the elite 8 people who owned 99% of the city.

Jeremiah 39 Fn Min Max Syll
בַּשָּׁנָ֣ה הַ֠תְּשִׁעִית לְצִדְקִיָּ֨הוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֜ה בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂרִ֗י בָּ֠א נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֨ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֤ל וְכָל־חֵילוֹ֙ אֶל־יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם וַיָּצֻ֖רוּ עָלֶֽיהָ 1 In the ninth year of Zedekiah, king of Judah, in the tenth new moon, Nebukadretsar king of Babel came and all his force to Jerusalem, and laid siege against her. 3e 4C 49
בְּעַשְׁתֵּֽי־עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ לְצִדְקִיָּ֔הוּ בַּחֹ֥דֶשׁ הָרְבִיעִ֖י בְּתִשְׁעָ֣ה לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ
הָבְקְעָ֖ה הָעִֽיר
2 In the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth new moon, on the ninth of the month,
the city was split.
3e 4C 24
5
וַיָּבֹ֗אוּ כֹּ֚ל שָׂרֵ֣י מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֔ל וַיֵּשְׁב֖וּ בְּשַׁ֣עַר הַתָּ֑וֶךְ
נֵרְגַ֣ל שַׂר־אֶ֠צֶר סַֽמְגַּר־נְב֞וּ שַׂר־סְכִ֣ים רַב־סָרִ֗יס נֵרְגַ֤ל שַׂר־אֶ֙צֶר֙ רַב־מָ֔ג וְכָל־שְׁאֵרִ֔ית שָׂרֵ֖י מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶֽל
3 And all the nobles of the king of Babel came and sat at the central gate,
Nergal, chief of treasury, Samgar of Nebo, chief of billeting, a eunuch overlord, Nergal, chief of treasury, overlord of shields, and all the residue of the nobles of the king of Babel.
3e 4C 19
33
וַיְהִ֡י כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר רָ֠אָם צִדְקִיָּ֨הוּ מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֜ה וְכֹ֣ל ׀ אַנְשֵׁ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֗ה וַֽ֠יִּבְרְחוּ וַיֵּצְא֨וּ לַ֤יְלָה מִן־הָעִיר֙ דֶּ֚רֶךְ גַּ֣ן הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ בְּשַׁ֖עַר בֵּ֣ין הַחֹמֹתָ֑יִם
וַיֵּצֵ֖א דֶּ֥רֶךְ הָעֲרָבָֽה
4 And it happened, as Zedekiah, king of Judah, saw them, and all the soldiers of the battle, then they ran, and they went forth by night from the city, by way of the king's garden, at the gate between the walls,
and he went out by way of the steppe.
3e 4C 51
9
וַיִּרְדְּפ֨וּ חֵיל־כַּשְׂדִּ֜ים אַחֲרֵיהֶ֗ם וַיַּשִּׂ֣גוּ אֶת־צִדְקִיָּהוּ֮ בְּעַֽרְב֣וֹת יְרֵחוֹ֒ וַיִּקְח֣וּ אֹת֗וֹ וַֽ֠יַּעֲלֻהוּ אֶל־נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֧ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל רִבְלָ֖תָה בְּאֶ֣רֶץ חֲמָ֑ת
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ מִשְׁפָּטִֽים
5 And the force of the Chaldeans pursued after them, and they overtook Zedekiah in the steppes of Jericho, and they took him and brought him up to Nebukadretsar, king of Babel, toward Riblah, in the land of Hamath,
and he subjugated him to judgment.
3c 4B 54
8
וַיִּשְׁחַט֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ בָּבֶ֜ל אֶת־בְּנֵ֧י צִדְקִיָּ֛הוּ בְּרִבְלָ֖ה לְעֵינָ֑יו
וְאֵת֙ כָּל־חֹרֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֔ה שָׁחַ֖ט מֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶֽל
6 And the king of Babel butchered the children of Zedekiah toward Riblah before his eyes.
And all the freeborn of Judah, the king of Babel butchered.
3c 4B 20
14
וְאֶת־עֵינֵ֥י צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ עִוֵּ֑ר
וַיַּאַסְרֵ֙הוּ֙ בַּֽנְחֻשְׁתַּ֔יִם לָבִ֥יא אֹת֖וֹ בָּבֶֽלָה
7 And the eyes of Zedekiah, he blinded,
and bound him with brass chains to bring him toward Babel.
3e 4A 10
15
וְאֶת־בֵּ֤ית הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְאֶת־בֵּ֣ית הָעָ֔ם שָׂרְפ֥וּ הַכַּשְׂדִּ֖ים בָּאֵ֑שׁ
וְאֶת־חֹמ֥וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם נָתָֽצוּ
8 And the house of the king, and the house of people, the Chaldeans incinerated in the fire,
and the walls of Jerusalem, they broke down.
3e 4C 18
11
וְאֵת֩ יֶ֨תֶר הָעָ֜ם הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֣ים בָּעִ֗יר וְאֶת־הַנֹּֽפְלִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָפְל֣וּ עָלָ֔יו וְאֵ֛ת יֶ֥תֶר הָעָ֖ם הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֑ים
הֶגְלָ֛ה נְבֽוּזַראֲדָ֥ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֖ים בָּבֶֽל
9 And the remaining of the people, the residue in the city, and the fallen that fell to him, and the remaining of the people, the residue,
Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers of Babel, had exiled.
3d 4B 33
13
וּמִן־הָעָ֣ם הַדַּלִּ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר אֵין־לָהֶם֙ מְא֔וּמָה הִשְׁאִ֛יר נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֥ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֖ים בְּאֶ֣רֶץ יְהוּדָ֑ה
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן לָהֶ֛ם כְּרָמִ֥ים וִֽיגֵבִ֖ים בַּיּ֥וֹם הַהֽוּא
10 And from the people, the weak for whom there was nothing whatever, Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, left a residue in the land of Judah,
and he gave to them vineyards and ploughed fields on that day.
3d 4C 32
15
וַיְצַ֛ו נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל עַֽל־יִרְמְיָ֑הוּ
בְּיַ֛ד נְבוּזַרְאֲדָ֥ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֖ים לֵאמֹֽר
11 And Nebukadretsar king of Babel had commanded concerning Jeremiah,
into the hand of Nebuzaradan, the overlord of the slaughterers, saying,
3d 4A 16
13
קָחֶ֗נּוּ וְעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ שִׂ֣ים עָלָ֔יו וְאַל־תַּ֥עַשׂ ל֖וֹ מְא֣וּמָה רָּ֑ע
כִּ֗י כַּֽאֲשֶׁר֙ יְדַבֵּ֣ר אֵלֶ֔יךָ כֵּ֖ן עֲשֵׂ֥ה עִמּֽוֹ
12 Take him, and set your eyes upon him, and do not harm him whatsoever.
According to what he speaks to you, so deal with him.
3e 4B 19
15
וַיִּשְׁלַ֞ח נְבֽוּזַרְאֲדָ֣ן רַב־טַבָּחִ֗ים וּנְבֽוּשַׁזְבָּן֙ רַב־סָרִ֔יס וְנֵרְגַ֥ל שַׂר־אֶ֖צֶר רַב־מָ֑ג
וְכֹ֖ל רַבֵּ֥י מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶֽל
13 And Nebuzaradan the overlord of the slaughterers  sent, and Nebuzaradan, overlord of the eunuchs, Nergal chief of treasury, overlord of shields,
and all the overlords of the king of Babel,
3e 4B 27
8
וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ֩ וַיִּקְח֨וּ אֶֽת־יִרְמְיָ֜הוּ מֵחֲצַ֣ר הַמַּטָּרָ֗ה וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ אֹתוֹ֙ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָ֣ם בֶּן־שָׁפָ֔ן לְהוֹצִאֵ֖הוּ אֶל־הַבָּ֑יִת
וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּת֥וֹךְ הָעָֽם
14 They sent and they took Jeremiah from the court of the cell, and gave him to Gedoliah, child of Ahiqam, child of Shaphan, to bring him out to the house,
and he settled in the midst of the people.
3e 4C 45
7
וְאֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ הָיָ֣ה דְבַר־יְהוָ֑ה
בִּֽהְיֹת֣וֹ עָצ֔וּר בַּחֲצַ֥ר הַמַּטָּרָ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר
15 And to Jeremiah it happened that Yahweh spoke,
when he was detained in the court of the cell, saying.
3e 4B 12
14
הָל֣וֹךְ וְאָמַרְתָּ֡ לְעֶבֶד־מֶ֨לֶךְ הַכּוּשִׁ֜י לֵאמֹ֗ר כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר יְהוָ֤ה צְבָאוֹת֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הִנְנִי֩ מֵבִ֨יא אֶת־דְּבָרַ֜י אֶל־הָעִ֥יר הַזֹּ֛את לְרָעָ֖ה וְלֹ֣א לְטוֹבָ֑ה
וְהָי֥וּ לְפָנֶ֖יךָ בַּיּ֥וֹם הַהֽוּא
16 B Go and say to the servant of the king, the Cushite, saying, Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, Note me well, I will bring my words against this city for evil and not for good,
and they will be before you in that day.
3d 4C 51
11
וְהִצַּלְתִּ֥יךָ בַיּוֹם־הַה֖וּא נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
וְלֹ֤א תִנָּתֵן֙ בְּיַ֣ד הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה יָג֖וֹר מִפְּנֵיהֶֽם
17 But I will deliver you in that day, an oracle of Yahweh,
and you will not be given into the hand of persons of whom you are in terror from their presence.
3e 4C 13
20
כִּ֤י מַלֵּט֙ אֲמַלֶּטְךָ֔ וּבַחֶ֖רֶב לֹ֣א תִפֹּ֑ל
וְהָיְתָ֨ה לְךָ֤ נַפְשְׁךָ֙ לְשָׁלָ֔ל כִּֽי־בָטַ֥חְתָּ בִּ֖י נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
18 C Because to escape, I will have you escape, and by the sword, you will not fall,
and your being will be for you as spoil, because you have trusted in me, an oracle of Yahweh.
3e 4C 14
19