Saturday, April 21, 2018

1 Samuel 26

I find some of my errors. Feel free to tell me others I have missed if you can find where to start.

This passage is the second incident showing the character of David and his respect for the anointed of Yahweh. In verse 19, I have used a gloss from Charles Williams Descent of the Dove for ספח. Here are the glosses I have used so far for this stem: accidental plant (4), co-inhere (2) e.g. Isaiah 14:1, 1 Samuel 2:36, co-inherence (1), deform (3), lesion (7), long veil (2).

Its most common gloss is lesion or deform. It is also accidental planting, those gifts of the prior year that sprout in the garden, like the cilantro sprouting from the coriander seed on the deck today. One can almost see that connection. But how can a word glossed as deformation also be glossed here as abide KJV (which I would use for כול) / share JB (חלק)? Same stem, many senses. One issue for me will be finding these things again when I finish the first pass and considering what stems with multiple senses are acceptable. It is possible that one simply needs to find a plausible amendment to the text so that the stem in context makes some sense. Or perhaps it is a sense we do not know.

The two items that David takes from Saul here are the spear and a צפחת of water. Must be a container of some sort. It is the same or a slight variant of the unique description of manna as a thin wafer, and is used also of the water container for Elijah. If I write jar, no one will notice. If I use thin wafer, anyone who reads will be jarred into asking, Oh, what is this? A water biscuit?

Verse 11 gives insight about the relationship perceived in David between Yahweh and his Anointed (=Messiah). Yahweh is present in his Messiah and so one cannot approach with violence and be guiltless. Yahweh is not the direct subject of the verb rendered as far be it. So I have not rendered it as Yahweh forbid. It seems more likely to me that David would be violating his integrity by taking such an action as if it were Yahweh's will.
חלל begin use (2) begun use (1) commence (13) eat start (1) far (10) grotto (1) out question (1) profanation (1) profane (109) profane alike (1) profanity (3) start (28) whistle (2)

1 Samuel 26 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיָּבֹ֤אוּ הַזִּפִים֙ אֶל־שָׁא֔וּל הַגִּבְעָ֖תָה לֵאמֹ֑ר
הֲל֨וֹא דָוִ֤ד מִסְתַּתֵּר֙ בְּגִבְעַ֣ת הַחֲכִילָ֔ה עַ֖ל פְּנֵ֥י הַיְשִׁימֹֽן
1 And the Ziffites came to Saul at Gibeah saying,
Did not David hide himself in the hillock of Haxiliah facing the wastelands?
3e 4C 15
וַיָּ֣קָם שָׁא֗וּל וַיֵּ֙רֶד֙ אֶל־מִדְבַּר־זִ֔יף וְאִתּ֛וֹ שְׁלֹֽשֶׁת־אֲלָפִ֥ים אִ֖ישׁ בְּחוּרֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
לְבַקֵּ֥שׁ אֶת־דָּוִ֖ד בְּמִדְבַּר־זִֽיף
2 And Saul arose and came down to the wilderness of Zif, and with him three thousand men, the chosen of Israel,
to seek David in the wilderness of Zif.
3d 4B 28
וַיִּ֨חַן שָׁא֜וּל בְּגִבְעַ֣ת הַחֲכִילָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֛ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַיְשִׁימֹ֖ן עַל־הַדָּ֑רֶךְ
וְדָוִד֙ יֹשֵׁ֣ב בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיַּ֕רְא כִּ֣י בָ֥א שָׁא֛וּל אַחֲרָ֖יו הַמִּדְבָּֽרָה
3 And Saul encamped in the hillock of Haxiliah, that is facing the wastelands over the way.
But David sat in the wilderness and saw that Saul came after him towards the wilderness.
3d 4B 24
וַיִּשְׁלַ֥ח דָּוִ֖ד מְרַגְּלִ֑ים
וַיֵּ֕דַע כִּֽי־בָ֥א שָׁא֖וּל אֶל־נָכֽוֹן
4 And David sent out surveyors,
and knew that Saul came prepared.
3e 4A 8
וַיָּ֣קָם דָּוִ֗ד וַיָּבֹא֮ אֶֽל־הַמָּקוֹם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָנָה־שָׁ֣ם שָׁאוּל֒ וַיַּ֣רְא דָּוִ֗ד אֶת־הַמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר שָֽׁכַב־שָׁ֣ם שָׁא֔וּל וְאַבְנֵ֥ר בֶּן־נֵ֖ר שַׂר־צְבָא֑וֹ
וְשָׁאוּל֙ שֹׁכֵ֣ב בַּמַּעְגָּ֔ל וְהָעָ֖ם חֹנִ֥ים סְבִיבֹתָֽיו
5 And David arose and he came to the place where Saul was encamped, and David saw the place where Saul was lying down, and Abner, child of Ner, the chief of his host.
And Saul was lying down in the trench, and the people were encamped about him.
3e 4B 43
וַיַּ֨עַן דָּוִ֜ד וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀ אֶל־אֲחִימֶ֣לֶךְ הַחִתִּ֗י וְאֶל־אֲבִישַׁ֨י בֶּן־צְרוּיָ֜ה אֲחִ֤י יוֹאָב֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מִֽי־יֵרֵ֥ד אִתִּ֛י אֶל־שָׁא֖וּל אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִישַׁ֔י אֲנִ֖י אֵרֵ֥ד עִמָּֽךְ
6 And David answered and he said to Ahimelech, the Hittite, and to Abishai, child of Tseruyah, brother of Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul, to the camp?
And Abishai said, I, I will go down with you.
3d 4C 43
וַיָּבֹא֩ דָוִ֨ד וַאֲבִישַׁ֥י ׀ אֶל־הָעָם֮ לַיְלָה֒ וְהִנֵּ֣ה שָׁא֗וּל שֹׁכֵ֤ב יָשֵׁן֙ בַּמַּעְגָּ֔ל וַחֲנִית֥וֹ מְעוּכָֽה־בָאָ֖רֶץ מְרַאֲשֹׁתָ֑יו
וְאַבְנֵ֣ר וְהָעָ֔ם שֹׁכְבִ֖ים סְבִיבֹתָֽיו
7 And David and Abishai went to the people by night, and behold, Saul was lying down asleep in the trench and his spear emasculated in the land by his pillows,
and Abner and the people laid out round about him.
3e 4C 41
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲבִישַׁי֙ אֶל־דָּוִ֔ד סִגַּ֨ר אֱלֹהִ֥ים הַיּ֛וֹם אֶת־אוֹיִבְךָ֖ בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ
וְעַתָּה֩ אַכֶּ֨נּוּ נָ֜א בַּחֲנִ֤ית וּבָאָ֙רֶץ֙ פַּ֣עַם אַחַ֔ת וְלֹ֥א אֶשְׁנֶ֖ה לֽוֹ
8 And Abishai said to David, God has imprisoned today your enemy in your hand,
and now let me strike him, please, with the spear, and on the earth in one pulse, and no second time for him.
3d 4C 24
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר דָּוִ֛ד אֶל־אֲבִישַׁ֖י אַל־תַּשְׁחִיתֵ֑הוּ
כִּ֠י מִ֣י שָׁלַ֥ח יָד֛וֹ בִּמְשִׁ֥יחַ יְהוָ֖ה וְנִקָּֽה
9 And David said to Abishai, Do not destroy him.
For who extends his hand against the anointed of Yahweh and is held innocent?
3c 4B 14
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר דָּוִד֙ חַי־יְהוָ֔ה כִּ֥י אִם־יְהוָ֖ה יִגָּפֶ֑נּוּ
אֽוֹ־יוֹמ֤וֹ יָבוֹא֙ וָמֵ֔ת א֧וֹ בַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה יֵרֵ֖ד וְנִסְפָּֽה
10 And David said, Yahweh lives, but rather, Yahweh will plague him,
or his day will come and he will die, or into the battle he will descend and be snatched.
3c 4C 17
חָלִ֤ילָה לִּי֙ מֵֽיהוָ֔ה מִשְּׁלֹ֥חַ יָדִ֖י בִּמְשִׁ֣יחַ יְהוָ֑ה
וְ֠עַתָּה קַח־נָ֨א אֶֽת־הַחֲנִ֜ית אֲשֶׁ֧ר מְרַאֲשֹׁתָ֛יו וְאֶת־צַפַּ֥חַת הַמַּ֖יִם וְנֵ֥לֲכָה לָּֽנוּ
11 Far be it for me, from Yahweh, to extend my hand against the anointed of Yahweh.
And now take, please, the spear that is by his pillows, and the thin wafer of water, and let us be gone.
3c 4C 16
וַיִּקַּח֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶֽת־הַחֲנִ֜ית וְאֶת־צַפַּ֤חַת הַמַּ֙יִם֙ מֵרַאֲשֹׁתֵ֣י שָׁא֔וּל וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ לָהֶ֑ם
וְאֵ֣ין רֹאֶה֩ וְאֵ֨ין יוֹדֵ֜עַ וְאֵ֣ין מֵקִ֗יץ כִּ֤י כֻלָּם֙ יְשֵׁנִ֔ים כִּ֚י תַּרְדֵּמַ֣ת יְהוָ֔ה נָפְלָ֖ה עֲלֵיהֶֽם
12 And David took the spear and the thin wafer of water from the pillows of Saul, and they got themselves away.
And none saw, and none knew, and none awakened, for all of them were asleep, for a trance of Yahweh had fallen over them.
3e 4C 28
וַיַּעֲבֹ֤ר דָּוִד֙ הָעֵ֔בֶר וַיַּעֲמֹ֥ד עַל־רֹאשׁ־הָהָ֖ר מֵֽרָחֹ֑ק
רַ֥ב הַמָּק֖וֹם בֵּינֵיהֶֽם
13 And David crossed over beyond, and he stood on the top of the hill, distant.
Much was the place between them.
3e 4C 20
וַיִּקְרָ֨א דָוִ֜ד אֶל־הָעָ֗ם וְאֶל־אַבְנֵ֤ר בֶּן־נֵר֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הֲל֥וֹא תַעֲנֶ֖ה אַבְנֵ֑ר
וַיַּ֤עַן אַבְנֵר֙ וַיֹּ֔אמֶר מִ֥י אַתָּ֖ה קָרָ֥אתָ אֶל־הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
14 And David called to the people and to Abner, child of Ner, saying, Do you not answer, Abner?
And Abner answered and he said, Who are you, calling to the king?
3e 4C 23
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶל־אַבְנֵ֜ר הֲלוֹא־אִ֣ישׁ אַתָּ֗ה וּמִ֤י כָמ֙וֹךָ֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְלָ֙מָּה֙ לֹ֣א שָׁמַ֔רְתָּ אֶל־אֲדֹנֶ֖יךָ הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
כִּי־בָא֙ אַחַ֣ד הָעָ֔ם לְהַשְׁחִ֖ית אֶת־הַמֶּ֥לֶךְ אֲדֹנֶֽיךָ
15 And David said to Abner, Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? And why did you not keep watch of your lord the king?
For one of the people came to destroy the king, your lord.
3e 4C 37
לֹא־ט֞וֹב הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּה֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשִׂיתָ֒ חַי־יְהוָ֗ה כִּ֤י בְנֵי־מָ֙וֶת֙ אַתֶּ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־שְׁמַרְתֶּ֛ם עַל־אֲדֹנֵיכֶ֖ם עַל־מְשִׁ֣יחַ יְהוָ֑ה
וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ רְאֵ֗ה אֵֽי־חֲנִ֥ית הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ וְאֶת־צַפַּ֥חַת הַמַּ֖יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר מְרַאֲשֹׁתָֽיו
16 Not good is this thing that you have done. Yahweh lives, but children of death you are, that have failed to keep watch over your master, the anointed of Yahweh.
And now, see. Where is the spear of the king, and the thin wafer of water that was by his pillows?
3c 4C 39
וַיַּכֵּ֤ר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶת־ק֣וֹל דָּוִ֔ד וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הֲקוֹלְךָ֥ זֶ֖ה בְּנִ֣י דָוִ֑ד
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֔ד קוֹלִ֖י אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
17 And Saul recognized the voice of David, and he said, Your voice is this, my son, David?
And David said, My voice, my lord the king.
3e 4C 20
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לָ֥מָּה זֶּ֛ה אֲדֹנִ֥י רֹדֵ֖ף אַחֲרֵ֣י עַבְדּ֑וֹ
כִּ֚י מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֔יתִי וּמַה־בְּיָדִ֖י רָעָֽה
18 And he said, why is it my lord has pursued after his servant?
For what have I done, and what in my hand is evil?
3d 4C 16
וְעַתָּ֗ה יִֽשְׁמַֽע־נָא֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אֵ֖ת דִּבְרֵ֣י עַבְדּ֑וֹ
אִם־יְהוָ֞ה הֱסִֽיתְךָ֥ בִי֙ יָרַ֣ח מִנְחָ֔ה וְאִ֣ם ׀ בְּנֵ֣י הָאָדָ֗ם אֲרוּרִ֥ים הֵם֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה כִּֽי־גֵרְשׁ֣וּנִי הַיּ֗וֹם מֵהִסְתַּפֵּ֜חַ בְּנַחֲלַ֤ת יְהוָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֵ֥ךְ עֲבֹ֖ד אֱלֹהִ֥ים אֲחֵרִֽים
19 And now let my lord the king hear, please, the words of his servant.
If Yahweh has incited you against me, let him find fragrance in a gift, but if the children of a human, cursed are they in the presence of Yahweh, for they have expelled me today from co-inherence in the inheritance of Yahweh, saying, Go. serve other gods.
3e 4C 17
וְעַתָּ֗ה אַל־יִפֹּ֤ל דָּֽמִי֙ אַ֔רְצָה מִנֶּ֖גֶד פְּנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כִּֽי־יָצָ֞א מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְבַקֵּשׁ֙ אֶת־פַּרְעֹ֣שׁ אֶחָ֔ד כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר יִרְדֹּ֥ף הַקֹּרֵ֖א בֶּהָרִֽים
20 So now, do not let my blood fall earthward before the face of Yahweh,
for the king of Israel has come forth to seek one flea, as when one pursues a partridge in the hills.
3d 4C 17
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ שָׁא֨וּל חָטָ֜אתִי שׁ֣וּב בְּנִֽי־דָוִ֗ד כִּ֠י לֹֽא־אָרַ֤ע לְךָ֙ ע֔וֹד תַּ֠חַת אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָקְרָ֥ה נַפְשִׁ֛י בְּעֵינֶ֖יךָ הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה
הִנֵּ֥ה הִסְכַּ֛לְתִּי וָאֶשְׁגֶּ֖ה הַרְבֵּ֥ה מְאֹֽד
21 And Saul said, I have sinned. Return, my son, David, for I will not hurt you longer, in that my integrity was precious in your eyes this day.
Behold, I have been silly, and have strayed thoroughly.
3d 4C 34
וַיַּ֤עַן דָּוִד֙ וַיֹּ֔אמֶר הִנֵּ֖ה חֲנִ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וְיַעֲבֹ֛ר אֶחָ֥ד מֵֽהַנְּעָרִ֖ים וְיִקָּחֶֽהָ
22 And David answered and he said, Behold, the spear of the king.
And let one from the lads cross over and receive it.
3d 4C 15
וַֽיהוָה֙ יָשִׁ֣יב לָאִ֔ישׁ אֶת־צִדְקָת֖וֹ וְאֶת־אֱמֻנָת֑וֹ
אֲשֶׁר֩ נְתָנְךָ֨ יְהוָ֤ה ׀ הַיּוֹם֙ בְּיָ֔ד וְלֹ֣א אָבִ֔יתִי לִשְׁלֹ֥חַ יָדִ֖י בִּמְשִׁ֥יחַ יְהוָֽה
23 But Yahweh he will return to each his righteousness and his faithfulness.
For Yahweh had given you today into my hand, but I did not consent to extend my hand against the anointed of Yahweh.
3e 4C 16
וְהִנֵּ֗ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר גָּדְלָ֧ה נַפְשְׁךָ֛ הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה בְּעֵינָ֑י
כֵּ֣ן תִּגְדַּ֤ל נַפְשִׁי֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְיַצִּלֵ֖נִי מִכָּל־צָרָֽה
24 And behold as your integrity was great this day in my eyes,
so let my integrity be great in the eyes of Yahweh, and may he deliver me from all trouble.
3c 4C 18
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶל־דָּוִ֗ד בָּר֤וּךְ אַתָּה֙ בְּנִ֣י דָוִ֔ד גַּ֚ם עָשֹׂ֣ה תַעֲשֶׂ֔ה וְגַ֖ם יָכֹ֣ל תּוּכָ֑ל
וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ דָּוִד֙ לְדַרְכּ֔וֹ וְשָׁא֖וּל שָׁ֥ב לִמְקוֹמֽוֹ
25 And Saul said to David, Blessed are you, my son, David, both doing and to do, and furthermore, you are able to endure.
So David went on his own way, and Saul returned to his place.
3e 4C 28

Friday, April 20, 2018

Judges 21

I seem to be backing in to so many stories, reading the last chapter first, then filling in the background.

This is the end of a somewhat unpleasant sounding story. I would not want to make this any smoother. It must not be interpreted as prescriptive for good behaviour.
Judges 21 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל נִשְׁבַּ֥ע בַּמִּצְפָּ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר
אִ֣ישׁ מִמֶּ֔נּוּ לֹא־יִתֵּ֥ן בִּתּ֛וֹ לְבִנְיָמִ֖ן לְאִשָּֽׁה
1 And the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah saying,
Not one of us will give his daughter to Benjamin as wife.
3d 4B 12
וַיָּבֹ֤א הָעָם֙ בֵּֽית־אֵ֔ל וַיֵּ֤שְׁבוּ שָׁם֙ עַד־הָעֶ֔רֶב לִפְנֵ֖י הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
וַיִּשְׂא֣וּ קוֹלָ֔ם וַיִּבְכּ֖וּ בְּכִ֥י גָדֽוֹל
2 And the people came to the house of God, and they sat there until evening before God.
And they lifted up their voice and wept, a great weeping.
3e 4C 21
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ לָמָ֗ה יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הָ֥יְתָה זֹּ֖את בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
לְהִפָּקֵ֥ד הַיּ֛וֹם מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שֵׁ֥בֶט אֶחָֽד
3 And they said, Why, Yahweh, O God of Israel, has this happened in Israel,
that one sceptre is visited today from Israel?
3d 4B 20
וַֽיְהִי֙ מִֽמָּחֳרָ֔ת וַיַּשְׁכִּ֣ימוּ הָעָ֔ם וַיִּבְנוּ־שָׁ֖ם מִזְבֵּ֑חַ
וַיַּעֲל֥וּ עֹל֖וֹת וּשְׁלָמִֽים
4 And it happened afterwards that the people rose early, and they built there an altar,
and offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings.
3e 4B 19
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִ֠י אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹא־עָלָ֧ה בַקָּהָ֛ל מִכָּל־שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶל־יְהוָ֑ה
כִּי֩ הַשְּׁבוּעָ֨ה הַגְּדוֹלָ֜ה הָיְתָ֗ה לַ֠אֲשֶׁר לֹא־עָלָ֨ה אֶל־יְהוָ֧ה הַמִּצְפָּ֛ה לֵאמֹ֖ר מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת
5 And the children of Israel said, Who did not come up with the congregation from all the sceptres of Israel to Yahweh?
For the great oath was for one who had not come up to Yahweh to Mizpah, saying, He will be put to death.
3c 4B 26
וַיִּנָּֽחֲמוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶל־בִּנְיָמִ֖ן אָחִ֑יו
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ נִגְדַּ֥ע הַיּ֛וֹם שֵׁ֥בֶט אֶחָ֖ד מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל
6 And the children of Israel sighed concerning Benjamin their kin,
and said, Truncated today is one sceptre from Israel.
3d 4B 16
מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה לָהֶ֛ם לַנּוֹתָרִ֖ים לְנָשִׁ֑ים
וַאֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ נִשְׁבַּ֣עְנוּ בַֽיהוָ֔ה לְבִלְתִּ֛י תֵּת־לָהֶ֥ם מִבְּנוֹתֵ֖ינוּ לְנָשִֽׁים
7 What will we do for them for the remaining of them for wives,
when we swore in Yahweh that we will not give them our daughters as wives?
3d 4B 13
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מִ֗י אֶחָד֙ מִשִּׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹֽא־עָלָ֥ה אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה הַמִּצְפָּ֑ה
וְ֠הִנֵּה לֹ֣א בָא־אִ֧ישׁ אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֛ה מִיָּבֵ֥ישׁ גִּלְעָ֖ד אֶל־הַקָּהָֽל
8 And they said, which is the one from the bands of Israel that did not come up to Yahweh, to Mizpah?
And behold, not one had come to the camp from Jabesh Gilead to the congregation.
3c 4B 22
וַיִּתְפָּקֵ֖ד הָעָ֑ם
וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵֽין־שָׁם֙ אִ֔ישׁ מִיּוֹשְׁבֵ֖י יָבֵ֥שׁ גִּלְעָֽד
9 And they took a census of the people,
and behold there was no one there from the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead.
3e 4C 6
וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ־שָׁ֣ם הָעֵדָ֗ה שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ מִבְּנֵ֣י הֶחָ֑יִל
וַיְצַוּ֨וּ אוֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר לְ֠כוּ וְהִכִּיתֶ֞ם אֶת־יוֹשְׁבֵ֨י יָבֵ֤שׁ גִּלְעָד֙ לְפִי־חֶ֔רֶב וְהַנָּשִׁ֖ים וְהַטָּֽף
10 And the assembly sent there twelve thousand men from the children of ability,
and commanded them, saying, Go and strike those inhabiting Jabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, and the women and the little ones.
3d 4C 20
וְזֶ֥ה הַדָּבָ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר תַּעֲשׂ֑וּ
כָּל־זָכָ֗ר וְכָל־אִשָּׁ֛ה יֹדַ֥עַת מִשְׁכַּב־זָכָ֖ר תַּחֲרִֽימוּ
11 And this is is the thing that you will do,
every male and every woman known to have lain with a male, you will utterly destroy.
3d 4B 10
וַֽיִּמְצְא֞וּ מִיּוֹשְׁבֵ֣י ׀ יָבֵ֣ישׁ גִּלְעָ֗ד אַרְבַּ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ נַעֲרָ֣ה בְתוּלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־יָדְעָ֛ה אִ֖ישׁ לְמִשְׁכַּ֣ב זָכָ֑ר
וַיָּבִ֨יאוּ אוֹתָ֤ם אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶה֙ שִׁלֹ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן
12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead four hundred virgin lasses who had not known a man by lying with a male,
and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh that is in the land of Canaan.
3c 4C 32
וַֽיִּשְׁלְחוּ֙ כָּל־הָ֣עֵדָ֔ה וַֽיְדַבְּרוּ֙ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּסֶ֣לַע רִמּ֑וֹן
וַיִּקְרְא֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם שָׁלֽוֹם
13 And all the assembly sent and they spoke to the children of Benjamin who were at the cliff of Rimon,
and they called to them in peace.
3e 4B 24
וַיָּ֤שָׁב בִּנְיָמִן֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ לָהֶם֙ הַנָּשִׁ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר חִיּ֔וּ מִנְּשֵׁ֖י יָבֵ֣שׁ גִּלְעָ֑ד
וְלֹֽא־מָצְא֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם כֵּֽן
14 And Benjamin returned at that time, and they gave them the women that they allowed to live from the women of Jabesh Gilead,
but they had not found for them rightly.
3e 4C 28
וְהָעָ֥ם נִחָ֖ם לְבִנְיָמִ֑ן
כִּֽי־עָשָׂ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה פֶּ֖רֶץ בְּשִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
15 And the people sighed for Benjamin,
for Yahweh had made a breach among the sceptres of Israel.
3c 4A 9
וַיֹּֽאמְר֨וּ זִקְנֵ֣י הָעֵדָ֔ה מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה לַנּוֹתָרִ֖ים לְנָשִׁ֑ים
כִּֽי־נִשְׁמְדָ֥ה מִבִּנְיָמִ֖ן אִשָּֽׁה
16 And the elders of the assembly said, What will we do for the remaining of them for wives,
for woman is exterminated from Benjamin?
3e 4B 19
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ יְרֻשַּׁ֥ת פְּלֵיטָ֖ה לְבִנְיָמִ֑ן
וְלֹֽא־יִמָּחֶ֥ה שֵׁ֖בֶט מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And they said, The possession of security for Benjamin,
that a sceptre from Israel is not wiped out.
3e 4B 13
וַאֲנַ֗חְנוּ לֹ֥א נוּכַ֛ל לָתֵת־לָהֶ֥ם נָשִׁ֖ים מִבְּנוֹתֵ֑ינוּ
כִּֽי־נִשְׁבְּע֤וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אָר֕וּר נֹתֵ֥ן אִשָּׁ֖ה לְבִנְיָמִֽן
18 But we ourselves are not able to give them wives from our daughters,
for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed who gives a woman to Benjamin.
3d 4C 17
וַיֹּאמְר֡וּ הִנֵּה֩ חַג־יְהוָ֨ה בְּשִׁל֜וֹ מִיָּמִ֣ים ׀ יָמִ֗ימָה אֲשֶׁ֞ר מִצְּפ֤וֹנָה לְבֵֽית־אֵל֙ מִזְרְחָ֣ה הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ לִמְסִלָּ֔ה הָעֹלָ֥ה מִבֵּֽית־אֵ֖ל שְׁכֶ֑מָה
וּמִנֶּ֖גֶב לִלְבוֹנָֽה
19 And they said, Behold the feast of Yahweh in Shiloh regularly, that is the north of Bethel, east toward the sun on the highway ascending from Bethel towards Shechem,
and south of Lebonah.
3e 4C 43
וַיְצַוּ֕וּ אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר
לְכ֖וּ וַאֲרַבְתֶּ֥ם בַּכְּרָמִֽים
20 And they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying,
Go and lie in wait in the vineyards.
3e 4A 11
וּרְאִיתֶ֗ם וְ֠הִנֵּה אִם־יֵ֨צְא֥וּ בְנוֹת־שִׁילוֹ֮ לָח֣וּל בַּמְּחֹלוֹת֒ וִֽיצָאתֶם֙ מִן־הַכְּרָמִ֔ים וַחֲטַפְתֶּ֥ם לָכֶ֛ם אִ֥ישׁ אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ מִבְּנ֣וֹת שִׁיל֑וֹ
וַהֲלַכְתֶּ֖ם אֶ֥רֶץ בִּנְיָמִֽן
21 And see, and behold, if the daughters of Shiloh emerge to dance in the dance, then you will come forth from the vineyards and seize for you each his wife from the daughters of Shiloh,
and go to the land of Benjamin.
3d 4B 38
וְהָיָ֡ה כִּֽי־יָבֹ֣אוּ אֲבוֹתָם֩ א֨וֹ אֲחֵיהֶ֜ם לָרִ֣יב ׀ אֵלֵ֗ינוּ וְאָמַ֤רְנוּ אֲלֵיהֶם֙ חָנּ֣וּנוּ אוֹתָ֔ם כִּ֣י לֹ֥א לָקַ֛חְנוּ אִ֥ישׁ אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
כִּ֣י לֹ֥א אַתֶּ֛ם נְתַתֶּ֥ם לָהֶ֖ם כָּעֵ֥ת תֶּאְשָֽׁמוּ
22 And it will be that when their fathers or their brothers come to contend against us, that we will say to them, Be gracious with them, for we did not take each his wife in the battle.
But you yourselves did not give them at this time. You would have borne guilt.
3d 4C 41
וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־כֵן֙ בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן וַיִּשְׂא֤וּ נָשִׁים֙ לְמִסְפָּרָ֔ם מִן־הַמְּחֹלְל֖וֹת אֲשֶׁ֣ר גָּזָ֑לוּ
וַיֵּלְכ֗וּ וַיָּשׁ֙וּבוּ֙ אֶל־נַ֣חֲלָתָ֔ם וַיִּבְנוּ֙ אֶת־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים וַיֵּשְׁב֖וּ בָּהֶֽם
23 And the children of Benjamin did so, and they took wives for their count from from the dancers that they had robbed,
and they went and returned to their inheritance, and they rebuilt the cities and they settled in them.
3e 4C 28
וַיִּתְהַלְּכ֨וּ מִשָּׁ֤ם בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא אִ֥ישׁ לְשִׁבְט֖וֹ וּלְמִשְׁפַּחְתּ֑וֹ
וַיֵּצְא֣וּ מִשָּׁ֔ם אִ֖ישׁ לְנַחֲלָתֽוֹ
24 And the children of Israel went from there at that time, each to its own band and its own family,
and they went forth from there, each to its inheritance.
3e 4C 23
בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵ֔ם אֵ֥ין מֶ֖לֶךְ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אִ֛ישׁ הַיָּשָׁ֥ר בְּעֵינָ֖יו יַעֲשֶֽׂה
25 In those days there was no king in Israel.
Everyone did what was upright in its own eyes.
3d 4B 12

Thursday, April 19, 2018

Genesis 46

We are back to the נפשׁ that has come into Egypt. It is always singular in this passage even when it refers to several people. It behaves here as a collective noun. I am aware that individual souls are simply not viable alone. This is so obvious. I have cited before how many people I am dependent on for what I am doing. They number in multi-thousands and they are unaware of my work, but it would not have been possible without them. Who I am is a complex mapping of many. There is no me apart from them. Hence the concept of one body.

Interestingly enough, while working on Judges 21, a somewhat difficult chapter, I note that זכר is almost always singular, but I had often rendered it plural with כל. That will not do, for whereas נפשׁ is collective, זכר is not. So - a bunch more changes. I have thought with difficulty about soul so much, that I may just have to reintroduce it since being does not work in the singular for an English reader. But I will wait. It does have an impact on Psalm 107.

Verse 20 is a fascinating example of a place where the atnah is in an awkward place.

The dialogue in verses 32-34 gives a contradictory instruction. Joseph appears to have instructed Jacob to dissimulate about his occupation. The kin Joseph takes to see Pharaoh fail to do this, as we have already read.

Genesis 46 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיִּסַּ֤ע יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֖א בְּאֵ֣רָה שָּׁ֑בַע
וַיִּזְבַּ֣ח זְבָחִ֔ים לֵאלֹהֵ֖י אָבִ֥יו יִצְחָֽק
1 So Israel migrated and all that were his, and he came to Beer-Sheva,
and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Yitschaq.
3e 4C 19
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּמַרְאֹ֣ת הַלַּ֔יְלָה וַיֹּ֖אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֣ב ׀ יַעֲקֹ֑ב
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי
2 And God said to Israel, with the mirrors of the night, saying, Jacob, Jacob.
And he said, Here am I.
3e 4C 25
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָנֹכִ֥י הָאֵ֖ל אֱלֹהֵ֣י אָבִ֑יךָ
אַל־תִּירָא֙ מֵרְדָ֣ה מִצְרַ֔יְמָה כִּֽי־לְג֥וֹי גָּד֖וֹל אֲשִֽׂימְךָ֥ שָֽׁם
3 And he said, I am the One, the God of your father,
Do not fear to go down toward Egypt, for a great nation I will render from you there.
3e 4B 14
אָנֹכִ֗י אֵרֵ֤ד עִמְּךָ֙ מִצְרַ֔יְמָה וְאָנֹכִ֖י אַֽעַלְךָ֣ גַם־עָלֹ֑ה
וְיוֹסֵ֕ף יָשִׁ֥ית יָד֖וֹ עַל־עֵינֶֽיךָ
4 I myself will go down with you toward Egypt, and I myself will also bring you up,
and Joseph will set his hand on your eyes.
3e 4C 20
וַיָּ֥קָם יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִבְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע
וַיִּשְׂא֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶת־יַעֲקֹ֣ב אֲבִיהֶ֗ם וְאֶת־טַפָּם֙ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם בָּעֲגָל֕וֹת אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַ֥ח פַּרְעֹ֖ה לָשֵׂ֥את אֹתֽוֹ
5 And Jacob arose from Beer-Sheva.
And the children of Israel bore Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent to bear him.
3e 4B 10
וַיִּקְח֣וּ אֶת־מִקְנֵיהֶ֗ם וְאֶת־רְכוּשָׁם֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר רָֽכְשׁוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ מִצְרָ֑יְמָה
יַעֲקֹ֖ב וְכָל־זַרְע֥וֹ אִתּֽוֹ
6 And they took their livestock and their belongings that belonged to them in the land of Canaan, and they came toward Egypt,
Jacob and all his seed with him.
3e 4C 28
בָּנָ֞יו וּבְנֵ֤י בָנָיו֙ אִתּ֔וֹ בְּנֹתָ֛יו וּבְנ֥וֹת בָּנָ֖יו וְכָל־זַרְע֑וֹ
הֵבִ֥יא אִתּ֖וֹ מִצְרָֽיְמָה
7 His sons and the sons of his children with him, his daughters and the daughters of his children,
All his seed, he brought with him toward Egypt.
3d 4C 19
וְאֵ֨לֶּה שְׁמ֧וֹת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל הַבָּאִ֥ים מִצְרַ֖יְמָה יַעֲקֹ֣ב וּבָנָ֑יו
בְּכֹ֥ר יַעֲקֹ֖ב רְאוּבֵֽן
8 And these are the names of the children of Israel when they came toward Egypt, Jacob and his children.
The firstborn of Jacob is Reuben.
3c 4B 22
וּבְנֵ֖י רְאוּבֵ֑ן
חֲנ֥וֹךְ וּפַלּ֖וּא וְחֶצְר֥וֹן וְכַרְמִֽי
9 And the children of Reuben,
Chanoc and Phallu and Hetsron and Carmi.
3e 4A 5
וּבְנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֗וֹן יְמוּאֵ֧ל וְיָמִ֛ין וְאֹ֖הַד וְיָכִ֣ין וְצֹ֑חַר
וְשָׁא֖וּל בֶּן־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִֽית
10 And the children of Simeon, Yimuel and Yamin and Ohad and Yakin and Tsochar,
and Saul, child of the Canaanite.
3c 4B 19
וּבְנֵ֖י לֵוִ֑י
גֵּרְשׁ֕וֹן קְהָ֖ת וּמְרָרִֽי
11 And the children of Levi,
Gershon, Kohath and Merari.
3e 4A 4
וּבְנֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֗ה עֵ֧ר וְאוֹנָ֛ן וְשֵׁלָ֖ה וָפֶ֣רֶץ וָזָ֑רַח
וַיָּ֨מָת עֵ֤ר וְאוֹנָן֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן וַיִּהְי֥וּ בְנֵי־פֶ֖רֶץ חֶצְר֥וֹן וְחָמֽוּל
12 And the children of Judah, Er, Onan, and Shelah and Pharez and Zerach.
And Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the children of Perez were Hetsron and Xamul.
3c 4C 18
וּבְנֵ֖י יִשָׂשכָ֑ר
תּוֹלָ֥ע וּפֻוָּ֖ה וְי֥וֹב וְשִׁמְרֽוֹן
13 And the children of Issachar,
Tola and Fuvah and Yob and Shimron.
3e 4A 5
וּבְנֵ֖י זְבוּלֻ֑ן
סֶ֥רֶד וְאֵל֖וֹן וְיַחְלְאֵֽל
14 And the children of Zebulun,
Sered and Oak and Jaxleil.
3e 4A 5
אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ בְּנֵ֣י לֵאָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָֽלְדָ֤ה לְיַעֲקֹב֙ בְּפַדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֔ם וְאֵ֖ת דִּינָ֣ה בִתּ֑וֹ
כָּל־נֶ֧פֶשׁ בָּנָ֛יו וּבְנוֹתָ֖יו שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וְשָׁלֹֽשׁ
15 B These are the children of Leah which she gave birth to for Jacob in Padan Aram, and Dinah his daughter.
All the group of his sons and his daughters were thirty three.
3c 4C 25
וּבְנֵ֣י גָ֔ד צִפְי֥וֹן וְחַגִּ֖י שׁוּנִ֣י וְאֶצְבֹּ֑ן
עֵרִ֥י וַֽאֲרוֹדִ֖י וְאַרְאֵלִֽי
16 And the children of Gad, Tsiphion and Haggi, Shuni and Etsbon,
Eiri and Arodi and Areli.
3e 4B 13
וּבְנֵ֣י אָשֵׁ֗ר יִמְנָ֧ה וְיִשְׁוָ֛ה וְיִשְׁוִ֥י וּבְרִיעָ֖ה וְשֶׂ֣רַח אֲחֹתָ֑ם
וּבְנֵ֣י בְרִיעָ֔ה חֶ֖בֶר וּמַלְכִּיאֵֽל
17 And the children of Asher, Yimnah and Yishua and Yishui and Beriah, and Serax, their sister,
and the children of Beriah, Xeber and Malchiel.
3c 4B 21
אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י זִלְפָּ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן לָבָ֖ן לְלֵאָ֣ה בִתּ֑וֹ
וַתֵּ֤לֶד אֶת־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ לְיַעֲקֹ֔ב שֵׁ֥שׁ עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה נָֽפֶשׁ
18 C These are the children of Zilpah that Laban gave to Leah his daughter,
and she gave birth to these for Jacob, sixteen in the group.
3e 4C 17
בְּנֵ֤י רָחֵל֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב יוֹסֵ֖ף וּבִנְיָמִֽן 19 The children of Rachel, wife of Jacob, Joseph and Benjamin. 3e 4C 15
וַיִּוָּלֵ֣ד לְיוֹסֵף֮ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַיִם֒ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יָֽלְדָה־לּוֹ֙ אָֽסְנַ֔ת בַּת־פּ֥וֹטִי פֶ֖רַע כֹּהֵ֣ן אֹ֑ן
אֶת־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה וְאֶת־אֶפְרָֽיִם
20 And these were born to Joseph, in the land of Egypt, which Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera a priest of On, gave birth to for him,
Manasseh and Ephraim.
3e 4C 27
וּבְנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֗ן בֶּ֤לַע וָבֶ֙כֶר֙ וְאַשְׁבֵּ֔ל גֵּרָ֥א וְנַעֲמָ֖ן אֵחִ֣י וָרֹ֑אשׁ
מֻפִּ֥ים וְחֻפִּ֖ים וָאָֽרְדְּ
21 And the children of Benjamin, Bela and Beker and Ashbel, Gera and Naaman, Exi and Rosh,
Muppim and Xuppim and Ard.
3e 4C 23
אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י רָחֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יֻלַּ֖ד לְיַעֲקֹ֑ב
כָּל־נֶ֖פֶשׁ אַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָֽׂר
22 C These are the children of Rachel who were born to Jacob,
all the group being fourteen.
3e 4C 14
וּבְנֵי־דָ֖ן חֻשִֽׁים 23 And the children of Dan, Xushim. 3e 3g 5
וּבְנֵ֖י נַפְתָּלִ֑י
יַחְצְאֵ֥ל וְגוּנִ֖י וְיֵ֥צֶר וְשִׁלֵּֽם
24 And the children of Naphtali,
Yixatsel and Guni and Yetser and Shillem.
3e 4A 5
אֵ֚לֶּה בְּנֵ֣י בִלְהָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן לָבָ֖ן לְרָחֵ֣ל בִּתּ֑וֹ
וַתֵּ֧לֶד אֶת־אֵ֛לֶּה לְיַעֲקֹ֖ב כָּל־נֶ֥פֶשׁ שִׁבְעָֽה
25 C These are the children of Bilhah that Laban gave to Rachel his daughter,
and she gave birth to these for Jacob, all the group being seven.
3c 4C 17
כָּל־הַ֠נֶּפֶשׁ הַבָּאָ֨ה לְיַעֲקֹ֤ב מִצְרַ֙יְמָה֙ יֹצְאֵ֣י יְרֵכ֔וֹ מִלְּבַ֖ד נְשֵׁ֣י בְנֵי־יַעֲקֹ֑ב
כָּל־נֶ֖פֶשׁ שִׁשִּׁ֥ים וָשֵֽׁשׁ
26 All the group that came of Jacob toward Egypt, who came forth from his thigh, besides the wives of the sons of Jacob,
all the group was sixty six.
3e 4C 27
וּבְנֵ֥י יוֹסֵ֛ף אֲשֶׁר־יֻלַּד־ל֥וֹ בְמִצְרַ֖יִם נֶ֣פֶשׁ שְׁנָ֑יִם
כָּל־הַנֶּ֧פֶשׁ לְבֵֽית־יַעֲקֹ֛ב הַבָּ֥אָה מִצְרַ֖יְמָה שִׁבְעִֽים
27 And the children of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt, a group of two.
All the group of the household of Jacob that was come toward Egypt, being seventy.
3c 4B 17
וְאֶת־יְהוּדָ֞ה שָׁלַ֤ח לְפָנָיו֙ אֶל־יוֹסֵ֔ף לְהוֹרֹ֥ת לְפָנָ֖יו גֹּ֑שְׁנָה
וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אַ֥רְצָה גֹּֽשֶׁן
28 And he sent Judah before him to Joseph, to instruct him toward Goshen,
and they came toward the land of Goshen.
3e 4C 21
וַיֶּאְסֹ֤ר יוֹסֵף֙ מֶרְכַּבְתּ֔וֹ וַיַּ֛עַל לִקְרַֽאת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל אָבִ֖יו גֹּ֑שְׁנָה
וַיֵּרָ֣א אֵלָ֗יו וַיִּפֹּל֙ עַל־צַוָּארָ֔יו וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ עַל־צַוָּארָ֖יו עֽוֹד
29 And Joseph hitched his chariots, and he came up to encounter Israel his father toward Goshen,
and he appeared to him, and fell on his neck, and wept on his neck yet again.
3d 4C 20
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶל־יוֹסֵ֖ף אָמ֣וּתָה הַפָּ֑עַם
אַחֲרֵי֙ רְאוֹתִ֣י אֶת־פָּנֶ֔יךָ כִּ֥י עוֹדְךָ֖ חָֽי
30 And Israel said to Joseph, Let me die at this time,
after having seen your face, for yet you are alive.
3c 4B 15
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹסֵ֤ף אֶל־אֶחָיו֙ וְאֶל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֔יו אֶעֱלֶ֖ה וְאַגִּ֣ידָה לְפַרְעֹ֑ה
וְאֹֽמְרָ֣ה אֵלָ֔יו אַחַ֧י וּבֵית־אָבִ֛י אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּאֶֽרֶץ־כְּנַ֖עַן בָּ֥אוּ אֵלָֽי
31 And Joseph said to his brothers and to the household of his father, I will go up and I will tell Pharaoh,
and I will say to him, My brothers and the household of my father that were in the land of Canaan, have come to me.
3c 4C 23
וְהָאֲנָשִׁים֙ רֹ֣עֵי צֹ֔אן כִּֽי־אַנְשֵׁ֥י מִקְנֶ֖ה הָי֑וּ
וְצֹאנָ֧ם וּבְקָרָ֛ם וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר לָהֶ֖ם הֵבִֽיאוּ
32 And the men are shepherds of sheep, for men of livestock they have been,
and their flocks and their herds and all that is theirs, they have brought.
3c 4B 15
וְהָיָ֕ה כִּֽי־יִקְרָ֥א לָכֶ֖ם פַּרְעֹ֑ה
וְאָמַ֖ר מַה־מַּעֲשֵׂיכֶֽם
33 And it will be that when Pharaoh calls you,
and says, What do you do?
3e 4A 10
וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֗ם אַנְשֵׁ֨י מִקְנֶ֜ה הָי֤וּ עֲבָדֶ֙יךָ֙ מִנְּעוּרֵ֣ינוּ וְעַד־עַ֔תָּה גַּם־אֲנַ֖חְנוּ גַּם־אֲבֹתֵ֑ינוּ
בַּעֲב֗וּר תֵּשְׁבוּ֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ גֹּ֔שֶׁן כִּֽי־תוֹעֲבַ֥ת מִצְרַ֖יִם כָּל־רֹ֥עֵה צֹֽאן
34 Then you will say, Men of livestock, your servants have been from our youth and till now, both ourselves, also our ancestors,
so that you may settle in the land of Goshen, for every shepherd of sheep is an abomination of Egypt.
3e 4C 31

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

1 Chronicles 29

Verse 20 indicates worship (שׁתח). The objects of worship are Yahweh and the king. I.e. David. JB does not soften this by saying they were on their knees(!) and they paid homage. Yahweh and David are here put on equal grammatical footing with respect to a fundamental religious attitude. (They don't sacrifice to David though.)

The smoothness of the reception of Solomon as king does not sit well with my memory of 1 Kings 1 and 2 in which Solomon consolidates his reign with fratricide. A quick glance at 1 Kings 1 reveals very little overlap with this chapter particularly the act of submission noted in verse 24.

Note - no rest in verse 6. I have my usual trouble with prepositions. על for instance - here are my choices that I have used. about (58) above (47) after (9) against (310) along (1) as (1) as above (2) as for (1) as with (2) at (71) away from (15) based on (1) before (3) beside (5) by (122) concerning (112) for (115) for in (1) for over (1) from (132) from above (2) from off (29) from over (25) from upon (3) in (165) into (20) of (6) on (1,123) onto (28) out of (5) over (1,301) over above (1) per (6) since (2) though (2) through (1) to (280) toward (3) unto (4) untranslated (218) up against (1) up to (1) upon (164) with (37) within (2)

 What would you do with this preposition and the image of time in verse 30? It seems to me that there is no definitive 'meaning' in a tongue for a preposition. There are a cloud of meanings leaning in various directions depending on the other words in the sentence.  For this one - ayin-lamed, over, and on predominate. Against is somewhat common. (This overlaps with other pre-clitic prepositions, ב and ל.) 

1 Chronicles 29 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֤יד הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְכָל־הַקָּהָ֔ל שְׁלֹמֹ֨ה בְנִ֥י אֶחָ֛ד בָּֽחַר־בּ֥וֹ אֱלֹהִ֖ים נַ֣עַר וָרָ֑ךְ
וְהַמְּלָאכָ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֔ה כִּ֣י לֹ֤א לְאָדָם֙ הַבִּירָ֔ה כִּ֖י לַיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהִֽים
1 And David the king said to all the congregation, Solomon my son, the one whom God has chosen, is a youth and is tender,
and the line of work is great, because not for a human are the temple precincts, but for Yahweh God.
3d 4C 30
וּֽכְכָל־כֹּחִ֞י הֲכִינ֣וֹתִי לְבֵית־אֱלֹהַ֗י הַזָּהָ֣ב ׀ לַ֠זָּהָב וְהַכֶּ֨סֶף לַכֶּ֜סֶף וְהַנְּחֹ֣שֶׁת לַנְּחֹ֗שֶׁת הַבַּרְזֶל֙ לַבַּרְזֶ֔ל וְהָעֵצִ֖ים לָעֵצִ֑ים
אַבְנֵי־שֹׁ֨הַם וּמִלּוּאִ֜ים אַבְנֵי־פ֣וּךְ וְרִקְמָ֗ה וְכֹ֨ל אֶ֧בֶן יְקָרָ֛ה וְאַבְנֵי־שַׁ֖יִשׁ לָרֹֽב
2 And with all my power I have prepared for the house of my God, gold for gold, and silver for silver, and brass for brass, iron for iron, and the wood for wood,
onyx stones and stones to be inlaid, antimony, and embroidery, and all precious stone and alabaster stones in abundance.
3c 4B 46
וְע֗וֹד בִּרְצוֹתִי֙ בְּבֵ֣ית אֱלֹהַ֔י יֶשׁ־לִ֥י סְגֻלָּ֖ה זָהָ֣ב וָכָ֑סֶף
נָתַ֤תִּי לְבֵית־אֱלֹהַי֙ לְמַ֔עְלָה מִכָּל־הֲכִינ֖וֹתִי לְבֵ֥ית הַקֹּֽדֶשׁ
3 And further, in my acceptance in the house of my God, I have my own treasure trove of gold and silver,
that I have given for the house of my God over and above from all I have prepared for the house of the sanctuary.
3e 4C 20
שְׁלֹ֧שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֛ים כִּכְּרֵ֥י זָהָ֖ב מִזְּהַ֣ב אוֹפִ֑יר
וְשִׁבְעַ֨ת אֲלָפִ֤ים כִּכַּר־כֶּ֙סֶף֙ מְזֻקָּ֔ק לָט֖וּחַ קִיר֥וֹת הַבָּתִּֽים
4 Three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir,
and seven thousand talents of purged silver, to plaster the sidewalls of the houses.
3c 4C 14
לַזָּהָ֤ב לַזָּהָב֙ וְלַכֶּ֣סֶף לַכֶּ֔סֶף וּלְכָל־מְלָאכָ֖ה בְּיַ֣ד חָרָשִׁ֑ים
וּמִ֣י מִתְנַדֵּ֔ב לְמַלֹּ֥אות יָד֛וֹ הַיּ֖וֹם לַיהוָֽה
5 Of gold for gold, and of silver for silver, and for all lines of work by the hand of artificers,
and whoever is willing to fill his hand. Today is for Yahweh.
3d 4C 23
וַיִּֽתְנַדְּבוּ֩ שָׂרֵ֨י הָאָב֜וֹת וְשָׂרֵ֣י ׀ שִׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְשָׂרֵ֤י הָאֲלָפִים֙ וְהַמֵּא֔וֹת וּלְשָׂרֵ֖י מְלֶ֥אכֶת הַמֶּֽלֶךְ 6 And the chiefs of the fathers, and the chiefs of the sceptres of Israel, and the chiefs of thousands and of hundreds, and the chiefs of the lines of work willingly offered for the king. 3e 4C 37
וַֽיִּתְּנ֞וּ לַעֲבוֹדַ֣ת בֵּית־הָאֱלֹהִ֗ים זָהָ֞ב כִּכָּרִ֣ים חֲמֵֽשֶׁת־אֲלָפִים֮ וַאֲדַרְכֹנִ֣ים רִבּוֹ֒ וְכֶ֗סֶף כִּכָּרִים֙ עֲשֶׂ֣רֶת אֲלָפִ֔ים וּנְחֹ֕שֶׁת רִבּ֛וֹ וּשְׁמוֹנַ֥ת אֲלָפִ֖ים כִּכָּרִ֑ים
וּבַרְזֶ֖ל מֵֽאָה־אֶ֥לֶף כִּכָּרִֽים
7 And they gave for the service of the house of God, gold, five thousand talents, and darics, ten thousand, and silver, ten thousand talents, and brass, eighteen thousand talents,
and iron, a hundred thousand talents.
3d 4B 56
וְהַנִּמְצָ֤א אִתּוֹ֙ אֲבָנִ֔ים נָתְנ֖וּ לְאוֹצַ֣ר בֵּית־יְהוָ֑ה
עַ֥ל יַד־יְחִיאֵ֖ל הַגֵּרְשֻׁנִּֽי
8 And they with whom were found stones, they gave for the treasury of the house of Yahweh,
by the hand of Yexiel the Gershonite.
3e 4C 17
וַיִּשְׂמְח֤וּ הָעָם֙ עַל־הִֽתְנַדְּבָ֔ם כִּ֚י בְּלֵ֣ב שָׁלֵ֔ם הִֽתְנַדְּב֖וּ לַיהוָ֑ה
וְגַם֙ דָּוִ֣יד הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ שָׂמַ֖ח שִׂמְחָ֥ה גְדוֹלָֽה
9 And the people were glad over their willing offering, for with a whole heart they made a freewill offering for Yahweh,
and even David the king was glad. It was great gladness.
3e 4C 20
וַיְבָ֤רֶךְ דָּוִיד֙ אֶת־יְהוָ֔ה לְעֵינֵ֖י כָּל־הַקָּהָ֑ל
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֗יד בָּר֨וּךְ אַתָּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵי֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אָבִ֔ינוּ מֵעוֹלָ֖ם וְעַד־עוֹלָֽם
10 And David blessed Yahweh in the sight of all the congregation,
and David said, Blessed are you, Yahweh, the God of Israel our father, from everlasting and unto everlasting.
3e 4C 15
לְךָ֣ יְ֠הוָה הַגְּדֻלָּ֨ה וְהַגְּבוּרָ֤ה וְהַתִּפְאֶ֙רֶת֙ וְהַנֵּ֣צַח וְהַה֔וֹד כִּי־כֹ֖ל בַּשָּׁמַ֣יִם וּבָאָ֑רֶץ
לְךָ֤ יְהוָה֙ הַמַּמְלָכָ֔ה וְהַמִּתְנַשֵּׂ֖א לְכֹ֥ל ׀ לְרֹֽאשׁ
11 Yours, Yahweh, is the greatness and the valour, and the adornment, and the leadership, and the splendour, for all in the heavens and on the earth.
Yours, Yahweh, is the kingdom, and you are lifted up to all as head.
3e 4C 32
וְהָעֹ֤שֶׁר וְהַכָּבוֹד֙ מִלְּפָנֶ֔יךָ וְאַתָּה֙ מוֹשֵׁ֣ל בַּכֹּ֔ל וּבְיָדְךָ֖ כֹּ֣חַ וּגְבוּרָ֑ה
וּבְיָ֣דְךָ֔ לְגַדֵּ֥ל וּלְחַזֵּ֖ק לַכֹּֽל
12 Both riches and glory are from your presence, and you govern in all, and in your hand is power and valour,
and in your hand, to make great and to encourage for all.
3e 4C 27
וְעַתָּ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֔ינוּ מוֹדִ֥ים אֲנַ֖חְנוּ לָ֑ךְ
וּֽמְהַֽלְלִ֖ים לְשֵׁ֥ם תִּפְאַרְתֶּֽךָ
13 And now, our God, we are thankful to you,
and give praises to the name of your adornment.
3e 4B 13
וְכִ֨י מִ֤י אֲנִי֙ וּמִ֣י עַמִּ֔י כִּֽי־נַעְצֹ֣ר כֹּ֔חַ לְהִתְנַדֵּ֖ב כָּזֹ֑את
כִּֽי־מִמְּךָ֣ הַכֹּ֔ל וּמִיָּדְךָ֖ נָתַ֥נּוּ לָֽךְ
14 But who am I and what is my people, that contained of power, we willingly offer such as this?
For from you is the whole, and from your hand we give to you.
3e 4C 20
כִּֽי־גֵרִ֨ים אֲנַ֧חְנוּ לְפָנֶ֛יךָ וְתוֹשָׁבִ֖ים כְּכָל־אֲבֹתֵ֑ינוּ
כַּצֵּ֧ל ׀ יָמֵ֛ינוּ עַל־הָאָ֖רֶץ וְאֵ֥ין מִקְוֶֽה
15 For guests we are before you, and immigrants as were all our ancestors.
Like a shadow are our days over the earth, and there is no expectation.
3c 4A 19
יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֔ינוּ כֹ֣ל הֶהָמ֤וֹן הַזֶּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֲכִינֹ֔נוּ לִבְנֽוֹת־לְךָ֥ בַ֖יִת לְשֵׁ֣ם קָדְשֶׁ֑ךָ
מִיָּדְךָ֥ ה֖וּא וּלְךָ֥ הַכֹּֽל
16 Yahweh our God, all this tumult that we have prepared to build for yourself a house to your holy name,
from your hand it is, and of you is the whole.
3e 4C 29
וְיָדַ֣עְתִּי אֱלֹהַ֔י כִּ֤י אַתָּה֙ בֹּחֵ֣ן לֵבָ֔ב וּמֵישָׁרִ֖ים תִּרְצֶ֑ה
אֲנִ֗י בְּיֹ֤שֶׁר לְבָבִי֙ הִתְנַדַּ֣בְתִּי כָל־אֵ֔לֶּה וְעַתָּ֗ה עַמְּךָ֙ הַנִּמְצְאוּ־פֹ֔ה רָאִ֥יתִי בְשִׂמְחָ֖ה לְהִֽתְנַדֶּב־לָֽךְ
17 And I know, my God, because you test a heart, and uprightness you will accept.
I, in the uprightness of my heart, have willingly offered all these, and now your people who are found here, I have seen with gladness, to offer willingly to you.
3e 4C 20
יְהוָ֗ה אֱ֠לֹהֵי אַבְרָהָ֞ם יִצְחָ֤ק וְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֲבֹתֵ֔ינוּ שֳׁמְרָה־זֹּ֣את לְעוֹלָ֔ם לְיֵ֥צֶר מַחְשְׁב֖וֹת לְבַ֣ב עַמֶּ֑ךָ
וְהָכֵ֥ן לְבָבָ֖ם אֵלֶֽיךָ
18 Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Yitschaq, and Israel, our ancestors, keep this forever for the fashioning of the devices of the heart of your people,
and prepare their heart for you.
3e 4C 35
וְלִשְׁלֹמֹ֣ה בְנִ֗י תֵּ֚ן לֵבָ֣ב שָׁלֵ֔ם לִשְׁמוֹר֙ מִצְוֺתֶ֔יךָ עֵדְוֺתֶ֖יךָ וְחֻקֶּ֑יךָ
וְלַעֲשׂ֣וֹת הַכֹּ֔ל וְלִבְנ֖וֹת הַבִּירָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־הֲכִינֽוֹתִי
19 And to Solomon my son, give a heart of peace to keep your commandments, your testimonies, and your statutes,
and to do it all, and to build the temple precincts that I have prepared.
3e 4C 25
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר דָּוִיד֙ לְכָל־הַקָּהָ֔ל בָּֽרְכוּ־נָ֖א אֶת־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֑ם
וַיְבָרֲכ֣וּ כָֽל־הַקָּהָ֗ל לַיהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹֽתֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּקְּד֧וּ וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲו֛וּ לַיהוָ֖ה וְלַמֶּֽלֶךְ
20 And David said to all the congregation, Bless, please, Yahweh your God.
And all the congregation blessed Yahweh the God of their ancestors. They bowed their head and they worshiped Yahweh and the king.
3c 4C 19
וַיִּזְבְּח֣וּ לַיהוָ֣ה ׀ זְ֠בָחִים וַיַּעֲל֨וּ עֹל֜וֹת לַיהוָ֗ה לְֽמָחֳרַת֮ הַיּ֣וֹם הַהוּא֒ פָּרִ֨ים אֶ֜לֶף אֵילִ֥ים אֶ֛לֶף כְּבָשִׂ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף וְנִסְכֵּיהֶ֑ם
וּזְבָחִ֥ים לָרֹ֖ב לְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
21 And they sacrificed to Yahweh, sacrifices, and offered up burnt offerings to Yahweh, in the dawn of that day, young bulls, a thousand, rams, a thousand, young lambs, a thousand, and their libations,
and offerings in abundance for all Israel.
3d 4B 42
וַיֹּאכְל֨וּ וַיִּשְׁתּ֜וּ לִפְנֵ֧י יְהוָ֛ה בַּיּ֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בְּשִׂמְחָ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֑ה
וַיַּמְלִ֤יכוּ שֵׁנִית֙ לִשְׁלֹמֹ֣ה בֶן־דָּוִ֔יד וַיִּמְשְׁח֧וּ לַיהוָ֛ה לְנָגִ֥יד וּלְצָד֖וֹק לְכֹהֵֽן
22 And they ate and they imbibed in the presence of Yahweh in that day with great gladness.
And they made Solomon child of David king a second time, and they anointed for Yahweh as herald, and for Zadok as the priest.
3c 4C 20
וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב שְׁ֠לֹמֹה עַל־כִּסֵּ֨א יְהוָ֧ה ׀ לְמֶ֛לֶךְ תַּֽחַת־דָּוִ֥יד אָבִ֖יו וַיַּצְלַ֑ח
וַיִּשְׁמְע֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
23 And Solomon sat on the throne of Yahweh as king instead of David, his father, and prospered.
And all Israel heeded him.
3c 4B 23
וְכָל־הַשָּׂרִים֙ וְהַגִּבֹּרִ֔ים וְגַ֕ם כָּל־בְּנֵ֖י הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ דָּוִ֑יד
נָ֣תְנוּ יָ֔ד תַּ֖חַת שְׁלֹמֹ֥ה הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
24 And all the nobility, and the valiant, and even all the children of the king David,
gave a hand under Solomon, the king.
3e 4B 20
וַיְגַדֵּ֨ל יְהוָ֤ה אֶת־שְׁלֹמֹה֙ לְמַ֔עְלָה לְעֵינֵ֖י כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּתֵּ֤ן עָלָיו֙ ה֣וֹד מַלְכ֔וּת אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹֽא־הָיָ֧ה עַל־כָּל־מֶ֛לֶךְ לְפָנָ֖יו עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
25 And Yahweh magnified Solomon to the ascendant in the sight of all Israel,
and he assigned to him royal splendour that there had not been over any king before him in Israel.
3c 4C 19
וְדָוִיד֙ בֶּן־יִשָׁ֔י מָלַ֖ךְ עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל 26 And David the son of Jesse was king over all Israel. 3e 3g 13
וְהַיָּמִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר מָלַךְ֙ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אַרְבָּעִ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה
בְּחֶבְר֤וֹן מָלַךְ֙ שֶׁ֣בַע שָׁנִ֔ים וּבִירוּשָׁלִַ֥ם מָלַ֖ךְ שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וְשָׁלֽוֹשׁ
27 And the many days that he reigned over Israel was a forty year span.
In Hebron he reigned seven years, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty three.
3e 4C 17
וַיָּ֙מָת֙ בְּשֵׂיבָ֣ה טוֹבָ֔ה שְׂבַ֥ע יָמִ֖ים עֹ֣שֶׁר וְכָב֑וֹד
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ שְׁלֹמֹ֥ה בְנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
28 And he died with good grey hair, satisfaction of days, riches and glory,
and Solomon his son reigned in his stead.
3d 4B 17
וְדִבְרֵי֙ דָּוִ֣יד הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ הָרִאשֹׁנִ֖ים וְהָאֲחרֹנִ֑ים
הִנָּ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־דִּבְרֵי֙ שְׁמוּאֵ֣ל הָרֹאֶ֔ה וְעַל־דִּבְרֵי֙ נָתָ֣ן הַנָּבִ֔יא וְעַל־דִּבְרֵ֖י גָּ֥ד הַחֹזֶֽה
29 And the words of David the king, the first and the last,
behold they are written in the words of Samuel the seer, and in the words of Nathan the prophet, and in the words of Gad the visionary,
3e 4B 17
עִ֥ם כָּל־מַלְכוּת֖וֹ וּגְבוּרָת֑וֹ
וְהָעִתִּ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָבְר֤וּ עָלָיו֙ וְעַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְעַ֖ל כָּל־מַמְלְכ֥וֹת הָאֲרָצֽוֹת
30 f With all his kingdom and his valour,
and the times that passed through against him, and against Israel, and against all the kingdoms of the lands.
3e 4C 9

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Isaiah 66

This is our completion of the third book of Isaiah. The remaining 13 chapters are 23-30 and 43, 44, 46, 47, 48.

This chapter gave me pain. I struggled with my choices of gloss. I refused to invent another gloss for זיז. The language is as wild as necessary.

Part of verse 18 (their deeds and their devices) seems to belong in verse 17.

Verse 24, it is somewhat frequent to read ב as against, but I have read it here as in, its most common gloss. Yahweh is escaping from himself via creation. No avoiding the problem of evil.

Isaiah 66 Fn Min Max Syll
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה הַשָּׁמַ֣יִם כִּסְאִ֔י וְהָאָ֖רֶץ הֲדֹ֣ם רַגְלָ֑י
אֵי־זֶ֥ה בַ֙יִת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּבְנוּ־לִ֔י וְאֵי־זֶ֥ה מָק֖וֹם מְנוּחָתִֽי
1 C Thus says Yahweh, The heavens my throne, and the earth my footstool,
where is this house that you will build for me, and where is this place of my rest?
3e 4C 18
וְאֶת־כָּל־אֵ֙לֶּה֙ יָדִ֣י עָשָׂ֔תָה וַיִּהְי֥וּ כָל־אֵ֖לֶּה נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
וְאֶל־זֶ֣ה אַבִּ֔יט אֶל־עָנִי֙ וּנְכֵה־ר֔וּחַ וְחָרֵ֖ד עַל־דְּבָרִֽי
2 And all these my hands have made, and all these have been. An oracle of Yahweh.
But to this I will take note, to one who is poor and a stricken spirit, and apprehensive over my word.
3e 4B 20
שׁוֹחֵ֨ט הַשּׁ֜וֹר מַכֵּה־אִ֗ישׁ זוֹבֵ֤חַ הַשֶּׂה֙ עֹ֣רֵֽף כֶּ֔לֶב מַעֲלֵ֤ה מִנְחָה֙ דַּם־חֲזִ֔יר מַזְכִּ֥יר לְבֹנָ֖ה מְבָ֣רֵֽךְ אָ֑וֶן
גַּם־הֵ֗מָּה בָּֽחֲרוּ֙ בְּדַרְכֵיהֶ֔ם וּבְשִׁקּוּצֵיהֶ֖ם נַפְשָׁ֥ם חָפֵֽצָה
3 One butchers the bull, one strikes someone, one offers the lamb, one breaks the nape of a dog, one brings up a gift, the blood of a boar, a reminder of frankincense, a blessing of mischief.
Moreover they themselves have chosen their ways, and in their detestable things, their integrity delights.
3e 4C 34
גַּם־אֲנִ֞י אֶבְחַ֣ר בְּתַעֲלֻלֵיהֶ֗ם וּמְגֽוּרֹתָם֙ אָבִ֣יא לָהֶ֔ם יַ֤עַן קָרָ֙אתִי֙ וְאֵ֣ין עוֹנֶ֔ה דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי וְלֹ֣א שָׁמֵ֑עוּ
וַיַּעֲשׂ֤וּ הָרַע֙ בְּעֵינַ֔י וּבַאֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־חָפַ֖צְתִּי בָּחָֽרוּ ס
4 Even I, I choose in their wantonness, and their terrors I will bring to them, in that I called and there was none to answer, I have spoken and they did not hear.
And they do evil in my eyes, and what I had no delight in, they chose.
3e 4C 36
שִׁמְעוּ֙ דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה הַחֲרֵדִ֖ים אֶל־דְּבָר֑וֹ
אָמְרוּ֩ אֲחֵיכֶ֨ם שֹׂנְאֵיכֶ֜ם מְנַדֵּיכֶ֗ם לְמַ֤עַן שְׁמִי֙ יִכְבַּ֣ד יְהוָ֔ה וְנִרְאֶ֥ה בְשִׂמְחַתְכֶ֖ם וְהֵ֥ם יֵבֹֽשׁוּ
5 Hear the word of Yahweh, you who are apprehensive at his word,
Your kin who hated you, said, segregating you for the sake of my name, Let Yahweh be glorified. But he will appear in your gladness, and they will be ashamed.
3e 4C 14
ק֤וֹל שָׁאוֹן֙ מֵעִ֔יר ק֖וֹל מֵֽהֵיכָ֑ל
ק֣וֹל יְהוָ֔ה מְשַׁלֵּ֥ם גְּמ֖וּל לְאֹיְבָֽיו
6 C A voice of noise from a city, a voice from a temple,
is the voice of Yahweh paying a reward to his enemies.
3e 4C 9
בְּטֶ֥רֶם תָּחִ֖יל יָלָ֑דָה
בְּטֶ֨רֶם יָב֥וֹא חֵ֛בֶל לָ֖הּ וְהִמְלִ֥יטָה זָכָֽר
7 Before she writhed, she gave birth.
Before pangs came to her, a male escaped.
3d 4A 8
מִֽי־שָׁמַ֣ע כָּזֹ֗את מִ֤י רָאָה֙ כָּאֵ֔לֶּה הֲי֤וּחַל אֶ֙רֶץ֙ בְּי֣וֹם אֶחָ֔ד אִם־יִוָּ֥לֵֽד גּ֖וֹי פַּ֣עַם אֶחָ֑ת
כִּֽי־חָ֛לָה גַּם־יָלְדָ֥ה צִיּ֖וֹן אֶת־בָּנֶֽיהָ
8 Who is to hear such as this? Who sees such as these? Will earth be brought to birth in one day, or a nation be born in one pulse?
But she writhed, and Zion also has begotten her children?
3d 4C 29
הַאֲנִ֥י אַשְׁבִּ֛יר וְלֹ֥א אוֹלִ֖יד יֹאמַ֣ר יְהוָ֑ה
אִם־אֲנִ֧י הַמּוֹלִ֛יד וְעָצַ֖רְתִּי אָמַ֥ר אֱלֹהָֽיִךְ ס
9 I, will I break open and not give birth? says Yahweh.
Or I will I bring to birth, and will I contain it? says your God.
3c 4B 13
שִׂמְח֧וּ אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַ֛ם וְגִ֥ילוּ בָ֖הּ כָּל־אֹהֲבֶ֑יהָ
שִׂ֤ישׂוּ אִתָּהּ֙ מָשׂ֔וֹשׂ כָּל־הַמִּֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים עָלֶֽיהָ
10 Be glad with Jerusalem, and rejoice in her, all who love her.
Sing for joy with her, the joy of all who lament over her.
3c 4C 16
לְמַ֤עַן תִּֽינְקוּ֙ וּשְׂבַעְתֶּ֔ם מִשֹּׁ֖ד תַּנְחֻמֶ֑יהָ
לְמַ֧עַן תָּמֹ֛צּוּ וְהִתְעַנַּגְתֶּ֖ם מִזִּ֥יז כְּבוֹדָֽהּ ס
11 So that you may suckle and be satisfied from the breasts of her consolations,
so that you may milk and delight exquisitely from the wild creature of her glory.
3c 4C 14
כִּֽי־כֹ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה הִנְנִ֣י נֹטֶֽה־אֵ֠לֶיהָ כְּנָהָ֨ר שָׁל֜וֹם וּכְנַ֧חַל שׁוֹטֵ֛ף כְּב֥וֹד גּוֹיִ֖ם וִֽינַקְתֶּ֑ם
עַל־צַד֙ תִּנָּשֵׂ֔אוּ וְעַל־בִּרְכַּ֖יִם תְּשָׁעֳשָֽׁעוּ
12 Because thus says Yahweh, Note me well stretching out to her peace like a river, and like a wadi, an overflowing of the glory of nations, and you will suckle.
By a side you will be lifted up, and on knees you will be be dandled.
3c 4B 30
כְּאִ֕ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִמּ֖וֹ תְּנַחֲמֶ֑נּוּ
כֵּ֤ן אָֽנֹכִי֙ אֲנַ֣חֶמְכֶ֔ם וּבִירֽוּשָׁלִַ֖ם תְּנֻחָֽמוּ
13 As someone whom his mother comforts,
so I myself will comfort you, and in Jerusalem you will be comforted.
3e 4C 11
וּרְאִיתֶם֙ וְשָׂ֣שׂ לִבְּכֶ֔ם וְעַצְמוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם כַּדֶּ֣שֶׁא תִפְרַ֑חְנָה
וְנוֹדְעָ֤ה יַד־יְהוָה֙ אֶת־עֲבָדָ֔יו וְזָעַ֖ם אֶת־אֹיְבָֽיו
14 And you will see and your heart will sing for joy, and your bones like verdant herbs will flourish,
and the hand of Yahweh will be known with his servants, and indignation with his enemies.
3e 4C 18
כִּֽי־הִנֵּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ בָּאֵ֣שׁ יָב֔וֹא וְכַסּוּפָ֖ה מַרְכְּבֹתָ֑יו
לְהָשִׁ֤יב בְּחֵמָה֙ אַפּ֔וֹ וְגַעֲרָת֖וֹ בְּלַהֲבֵי־אֵֽשׁ
15 For behold Yahweh in fire comes, and like a storm-wind, his chariots,
to restore in heat his anger, and his rebuke in flames of fire.
3e 4C 16
כִּ֤י בָאֵשׁ֙ יְהוָ֣ה נִשְׁפָּ֔ט וּבְחַרְבּ֖וֹ אֶת־כָּל־בָּשָׂ֑ר
וְרַבּ֖וּ חַֽלְלֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
16 C For in the fire, Yahweh judges, and with his sword, all flesh.
And multiplied are the profaned of Yahweh.
3e 4C 14
הַמִּתְקַדְּשִׁ֨ים וְהַמִּֽטַּהֲרִ֜ים אֶל־הַגַּנּ֗וֹת אַחַ֤ר אַחַת֙ בַּתָּ֔וֶךְ אֹֽכְלֵי֙ בְּשַׂ֣ר הַחֲזִ֔יר וְהַשֶּׁ֖קֶץ וְהָעַכְבָּ֑ר
יַחְדָּ֥ו יָסֻ֖פוּ נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
17 They who sanctify themselves, and cleanse themselves in the gardens, behind one in the midst, to eat the flesh of the boar, and detestable things, and the mouse,
as one will be concluded, an oracle of Yahweh.
3e 4C 36
וְאָנֹכִ֗י מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם֙ וּמַחְשְׁבֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם בָּאָ֕ה לְקַבֵּ֥ץ אֶת־כָּל־הַגּוֹיִ֖ם וְהַלְּשֹׁנ֑וֹת
וּבָ֖אוּ וְרָא֥וּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִֽי
18 I, their deeds and their devices, am coming to collect all the nations, and all tongues,
and they will come and see my glory.
3e 4B 28
וְשַׂמְתִּ֨י בָהֶ֜ם א֗וֹת וְשִׁלַּחְתִּ֣י מֵהֶ֣ם ׀ פְּ֠לֵיטִים אֶֽל־הַגּוֹיִ֞ם תַּרְשִׁ֨ישׁ פּ֥וּל וְל֛וּד מֹ֥שְׁכֵי קֶ֖שֶׁת תֻּבַ֣ל וְיָוָ֑ן
הָאִיִּ֣ים הָרְחֹקִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹא־שָׁמְע֤וּ אֶת־שִׁמְעִי֙ וְלֹא־רָא֣וּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִ֔י וְהִגִּ֥ידוּ אֶת־כְּבוֹדִ֖י בַּגּוֹיִֽם
19 And I will set in them a sign, and I will send from them those secured to the nations, Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, who draw the bow, Tubal, and Javan,
the distant islands who have not heard my fame and have not seen my glory, and they will make clear my glory in the nations.
3d 4C 33
וְהֵבִ֣יאוּ אֶת־כָּל־אֲחֵיכֶ֣ם מִכָּל־הַגּוֹיִ֣ם ׀ מִנְחָ֣ה ׀ לַֽיהוָ֡ה בַּסּוּסִ֡ים וּ֠בָרֶכֶב וּבַצַּבִּ֨ים וּבַפְּרָדִ֜ים וּבַכִּרְכָּר֗וֹת עַ֣ל הַ֥ר קָדְשִׁ֛י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֑ה
כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר יָבִיאוּ֩ בְנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֛ה בִּכְלִ֥י טָה֖וֹר בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
20 And they will bring all your kin from all the nations, a gift for Yahweh, on horses, and in chariots, and in covered wagons, and on mules, and on hot young dromedaries, to my holy hill, Jerusalem, says Yahweh,
as the children of Israel bring the gift in a clean vessel to the house of Yahweh.
3c 4B 50
וְגַם־מֵהֶ֥ם אֶקַּ֛ח לַכֹּהֲנִ֥ים לַלְוִיִּ֖ם אָמַ֥ר יְהוָֽה 21 And moreover from them I will receive for priests, for Levites, says Yahweh. 3d 3g 17
כִּ֣י כַאֲשֶׁ֣ר הַשָּׁמַ֣יִם הַ֠חֳדָשִׁים וְהָאָ֨רֶץ הַחֲדָשָׁ֜ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֲנִ֥י עֹשֶׂ֛ה עֹמְדִ֥ים לְפָנַ֖י נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
כֵּ֛ן יַעֲמֹ֥ד זַרְעֲכֶ֖ם וְשִׁמְכֶֽם
22 B For as the new heavens and the new earth that I have made stand facing me, an oracle of Yahweh,
so your seed and your name will stand.
3d 4B 34
וְהָיָ֗ה מִֽדֵּי־חֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ בְּחָדְשׁ֔וֹ וּמִדֵּ֥י שַׁבָּ֖ת בְּשַׁבַּתּ֑וֹ
יָב֧וֹא כָל־בָּשָׂ֛ר לְהִשְׁתַּחֲוֺ֥ת לְפָנַ֖י אָמַ֥ר יְהוָֽה
23 And it will happen that month in its month, and that Sabbath in its Sabbath,
all flesh will come to worship before me, says Yahweh.
3c 4A 18
וְיָצְא֣וּ וְרָא֔וּ בְּפִגְרֵי֙ הָאֲנָשִׁ֔ים הַפֹּשְׁעִ֖ים בִּ֑י
כִּ֣י תוֹלַעְתָּ֞ם לֹ֣א תָמ֗וּת וְאִשָּׁם֙ לֹ֣א תִכְבֶּ֔ה וְהָי֥וּ דֵרָא֖וֹן לְכָל־בָּשָֽׂר
24 And they will go forth and see the carcasses of the men who transgressed in me,
for their worm will not die and their fire will not be quenched, and they will be an aversion for all flesh.
3e 4B 17