Sunday 31 December 2017

Numbers 5

The use of curse in this passage has nothing to do with the English nickname for monthly periods in a woman. It is ארר, the only word I use for curse. It is the language of treaty and covenant. See Deuteronomy 27-28 for examples. The KJV uses curse for several Hebrew stems. It is particularly in these rarely used words that I want to be careful to separate things that may differ from the automatic reflexive responses that people will have to words on a page.

JB is pretty good but with many words, it makes for a speedy single reading. I note that it interprets תחת as under the authority of. Perhaps, reading into the culture of the time, but that makes it rather more than a simple preposition.

The story itself is quite strange, drinking water that has been touched with holy dust from the floor of the tabernacle (the dwelling in my work)? It's a bit like pixie dust in a fairy tale. It is not very far from holy to magic.

Verse 3 - from male to female, a peculiar use of prepositions - but it's there. Maybe they recognized sexual identity issues in those days.

Verse 8 - it sounds as if the offense was terminal to the offended party. Perhaps it is a case of repaying the estate (in today's terms).

There are several asides in this chapter. E.g. verse 9-10 on the implied ownership of things.

I wonder if the jealousy offering is a new offering type. Perhaps.

Numbers 5 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 1 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 3e 3g 10
צַ֚ו אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וִֽישַׁלְּחוּ֙ מִן־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֔ה כָּל־צָר֖וּעַ וְכָל־זָ֑ב
וְכֹ֖ל טָמֵ֥א לָנָֽפֶשׁ
2 C Command the children of Israel that they send out from the camp every leper and everyone with a discharge,
and everyone unclean from a cadaver.
3e 4C 22
מִזָּכָ֤ר עַד־נְקֵבָה֙ תְּשַׁלֵּ֔חוּ אֶל־מִח֥וּץ לַֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה תְּשַׁלְּח֑וּם
וְלֹ֤א יְטַמְּאוּ֙ אֶת־מַ֣חֲנֵיהֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲנִ֖י שֹׁכֵ֥ן בְּתוֹכָֽם
3 From male to female you will send out. Outside the camp you will send them,
that they not defile the camps where I am dwelling among them.
3e 4C 21
וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־כֵן֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיְשַׁלְּח֣וּ אוֹתָ֔ם אֶל־מִח֖וּץ לַֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה כֵּ֥ן עָשׂ֖וּ בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
4 And the children of Israel did so. And they sent out them outside the camp.
As Yahweh had spoken to Moses, so the children of Israel did.
3e 4C 22
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 5 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 3e 3g 10
דַּבֵּר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ אִ֣ישׁ אֽוֹ־אִשָּׁ֗ה כִּ֤י יַעֲשׂוּ֙ מִכָּל־חַטֹּ֣את הָֽאָדָ֔ם לִמְעֹ֥ל מַ֖עַל בַּיהוָ֑ה
וְאָֽשְׁמָ֖ה הַנֶּ֥פֶשׁ הַהִֽוא
6 Speak to the children of Israel, A man or a woman that does from any human sin to trespass a trespass against Yahweh,
and that integrity has offended,
3e 4C 28
וְהִתְוַדּ֗וּ אֶֽת־חַטָּאתָם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשׂוּ֒ וְהֵשִׁ֤יב אֶת־אֲשָׁמוֹ֙ בְּרֹאשׁ֔וֹ וַחֲמִישִׁת֖וֹ יֹסֵ֣ף עָלָ֑יו
וְנָתַ֕ן לַאֲשֶׁ֖ר אָשַׁ֥ם לֽוֹ
7 Then they will confess their sin that they have done and will restore its offense in its beginning, and its fifth will add to it,
and will give it to the one who was offended.
3e 4C 31
וְאִם־אֵ֨ין לָאִ֜ישׁ גֹּאֵ֗ל לְהָשִׁ֤יב הָאָשָׁם֙ אֵלָ֔יו הָאָשָׁ֛ם הַמּוּשָׁ֥ב לַיהוָ֖ה לַכֹּהֵ֑ן
מִלְּבַ֗ד אֵ֚יל הַכִּפֻּרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר יְכַפֶּר־בּ֖וֹ עָלָֽיו
8 But if there is no redeemer to whom to restore the guilt offering, the guilt offering may be restored to Yahweh for the priest,
besides the ram of the cover-offerings, by which he makes the cover-offering over him.
3d 4C 26
וְכָל־תְּרוּמָ֞ה לְכָל־קָדְשֵׁ֧י בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יַקְרִ֥יבוּ לַכֹּהֵ֖ן ל֥וֹ יִהְיֶֽה 9 And every contribution of all the holy things of the children of Israel that they bring near for the priest, his, it is. 3c 3g 25
וְאִ֥ישׁ אֶת־קֳדָשָׁ֖יו ל֣וֹ יִהְי֑וּ
אִ֛ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יִתֵּ֥ן לַכֹּהֵ֖ן ל֥וֹ יִהְיֶֽה
10 And each his holy things, his, they are.
Each that is given to the priest, his it is.
3d 4B 9
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 11 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 3e 3g 10
דַּבֵּר֙ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְאָמַרְתָּ֖ אֲלֵהֶ֑ם
אִ֥ישׁ אִישׁ֙ כִּֽי־תִשְׂטֶ֣ה אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וּמָעֲלָ֥ה ב֖וֹ מָֽעַל
12 Speak to the children of Israel and say to them,
Any man whose wife veers and she trespasses against him a trespass,
3e 4B 15
וְשָׁכַ֨ב אִ֣ישׁ אֹתָהּ֮ שִׁכְבַת־זֶרַע֒ וְנֶעְלַם֙ מֵעֵינֵ֣י אִישָׁ֔הּ וְנִסְתְּרָ֖ה וְהִ֣יא נִטְמָ֑אָה
וְעֵד֙ אֵ֣ין בָּ֔הּ וְהִ֖וא לֹ֥א נִתְפָּֽשָׂה
13 And she lies down with a man for an emission of seed, and it is obscured away from the eyes of her man, and it is secret, and she is unclean,
though there is no witness against her and she is not arrested,
3e 4B 27
וְעָבַ֨ר עָלָ֧יו רֽוּחַ־קִנְאָ֛ה וְקִנֵּ֥א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וְהִ֣וא נִטְמָ֑אָה
אוֹ־עָבַ֨ר עָלָ֤יו רֽוּחַ־קִנְאָה֙ וְקִנֵּ֣א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ וְהִ֖יא לֹ֥א נִטְמָֽאָה
14 And a spirit of jealousy passes through him and he is jealous of his wife and she is unclean,
or a spirit of jealousy passes through him and he is jealous of his wife, and she is not unclean,
3c 4C 20
וְהֵבִ֨יא הָאִ֣ישׁ אֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ֮ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן֒ וְהֵבִ֤יא אֶת־קָרְבָּנָהּ֙ עָלֶ֔יהָ עֲשִׂירִ֥ת הָאֵיפָ֖ה קֶ֣מַח שְׂעֹרִ֑ים
לֹֽא־יִצֹ֨ק עָלָ֜יו שֶׁ֗מֶן וְלֹֽא־יִתֵּ֤ן עָלָיו֙ לְבֹנָ֔ה כִּֽי־מִנְחַ֤ת קְנָאֹת֙ ה֔וּא מִנְחַ֥ת זִכָּר֖וֹן מַזְכֶּ֥רֶת עָוֺֽן
15 Then the man will bring his wife to the priest, and he will bring her oblation for her, a tenth of an ephah of barley flour.
He will not infuse oil over it and he will not give frankincense over it, for a gift of jealousy it is, a gift of a memorial, for a memorial of iniquity.
3e 4C 33
וְהִקְרִ֥יב אֹתָ֖הּ הַכֹּהֵ֑ן
וְהֶֽעֱמִדָ֖הּ לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
16 And the priest will bring her near,
and stand her in the presence of Yahweh.
3e 4A 8
וְלָקַ֧ח הַכֹּהֵ֛ן מַ֥יִם קְדֹשִׁ֖ים בִּכְלִי־חָ֑רֶשׂ
וּמִן־הֶֽעָפָ֗ר אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִהְיֶה֙ בְּקַרְקַ֣ע הַמִּשְׁכָּ֔ן יִקַּ֥ח הַכֹּהֵ֖ן וְנָתַ֥ן אֶל־הַמָּֽיִם
17 And the priest will take holy water in a vessel of earthenware,
and from the dust that is on the floor of the dwelling the priest will take to consign to the waters.
3c 4C 13
וְהֶעֱמִ֨יד הַכֹּהֵ֥ן אֶֽת־הָאִשָּׁה֮ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָה֒ וּפָרַע֙ אֶת־רֹ֣אשׁ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה וְנָתַ֣ן עַל־כַּפֶּ֗יהָ אֵ֚ת מִנְחַ֣ת הַזִּכָּר֔וֹן מִנְחַ֥ת קְנָאֹ֖ת הִ֑וא
וּבְיַ֤ד הַכֹּהֵן֙ יִהְי֔וּ מֵ֥י הַמָּרִ֖ים הַמְאָֽרֲרִֽים
18 And the priest will have the woman stand in the presence of Yahweh, and dishevel the head of the woman, and he will give over her palms the gift of the memorial, the gift of jealousy it is.
And in the hand of the priest will be the bitter waters, those that cause cursing.
3e 4C 43
וְהִשְׁבִּ֨יעַ אֹתָ֜הּ הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְאָמַ֤ר אֶל־הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ אִם־לֹ֨א שָׁכַ֥ב אִישׁ֙ אֹתָ֔ךְ וְאִם־לֹ֥א שָׂטִ֛ית טֻמְאָ֖ה תַּ֣חַת אִישֵׁ֑ךְ
הִנָּקִ֕י מִמֵּ֛י הַמָּרִ֥ים הַֽמְאָרֲרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
19 And the priest will adjure her and say to the woman, if no-one was lying down with you, and if you have not veered to be unclean, under your man,
be innocent from these bitter waters that cause cursing.
3d 4C 34
וְאַ֗תְּ כִּ֥י שָׂטִ֛ית תַּ֥חַת אִישֵׁ֖ךְ וְכִ֣י נִטְמֵ֑את
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן אִ֥ישׁ בָּךְ֙ אֶת־שְׁכָבְתּ֔וֹ מִֽבַּלְעֲדֵ֖י אִישֵֽׁךְ
20 But if you have veered, under your man, and if you are unclean,
and a man has given within you his emission, apart from your man,
3d 4B 13
וְהִשְׁבִּ֨יעַ הַכֹּהֵ֥ן אֶֽת־הָֽאִשָּׁה֮ בִּשְׁבֻעַ֣ת הָאָלָה֒ וְאָמַ֤ר הַכֹּהֵן֙ לָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה יִתֵּ֨ן יְהוָ֥ה אוֹתָ֛ךְ לְאָלָ֥ה וְלִשְׁבֻעָ֖ה בְּת֣וֹךְ עַמֵּ֑ךְ
בְּתֵ֨ת יְהוָ֤ה אֶת־יְרֵכֵךְ֙ נֹפֶ֔לֶת וְאֶת־בִּטְנֵ֖ךְ צָבָֽה
21 Then the priest will adjure the woman with an oath of imprecation, and the priest will say to the woman, Yahweh give you to imprecation and to oath in the midst of your people,
when Yahweh gives your thigh to fall and your belly to be distended.
3d 4C 43
וּ֠בָאוּ הַמַּ֨יִם הַמְאָרְרִ֤ים הָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ בְּֽמֵעַ֔יִךְ לַצְבּ֥וֹת בֶּ֖טֶן וְלַנְפִּ֣ל יָרֵ֑ךְ
וְאָמְרָ֥ה הָאִשָּׁ֖ה אָמֵ֥ן ׀ אָמֵֽן
22 ~ And these waters that cause cursing will enter into your inner parts, to make belly distend and to make flank fall.
And the woman will say, Amen, amen.
3e 4C 24
וְ֠כָתַב אֶת־הָאָלֹ֥ת הָאֵ֛לֶּה הַכֹּהֵ֖ן בַּסֵּ֑פֶר
וּמָחָ֖ה אֶל־מֵ֥י הַמָּרִֽים
23 ~ And the priest will write these imprecations in a book,
and will erase by the bitter waters.
3d 4A 16
וְהִשְׁקָה֙ אֶת־הָ֣אִשָּׁ֔ה אֶת־מֵ֥י הַמָּרִ֖ים הַמְאָֽרֲרִ֑ים
וּבָ֥אוּ בָ֛הּ הַמַּ֥יִם הַֽמְאָרֲרִ֖ים לְמָרִֽים
24 And he will make the woman drink the bitter waters that cause cursing,
and the waters that cause cursing will enter into her to be bitter.
3d 4B 16
וְלָקַ֤ח הַכֹּהֵן֙ מִיַּ֣ד הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה אֵ֖ת מִנְחַ֣ת הַקְּנָאֹ֑ת
וְהֵנִ֤יף אֶת־הַמִּנְחָה֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְהִקְרִ֥יב אֹתָ֖הּ אֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ
25 And the priest will take from the hand of the woman the gift of jealousy,
and he will elevate the gift in the presence of Yahweh and will bring her near to the altar.
3e 4C 17
וְקָמַ֨ץ הַכֹּהֵ֤ן מִן־הַמִּנְחָה֙ אֶת־אַזְכָּ֣רָתָ֔הּ וְהִקְטִ֖יר הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חָה
וְאַחַ֛ר יַשְׁקֶ֥ה אֶת־הָאִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־הַמָּֽיִם
26 And the priest will extract from the gift its memorial and will make it burn with smoke toward the altar,
and after will have the woman drink the waters.
3d 4C 22
וְהִשְׁקָ֣הּ אֶת־הַמַּ֗יִם וְהָיְתָ֣ה אִֽם־נִטְמְאָה֮ וַתִּמְעֹ֣ל מַ֣עַל בְּאִישָׁהּ֒ וּבָ֨אוּ בָ֜הּ הַמַּ֤יִם הַמְאָֽרֲרִים֙ לְמָרִ֔ים וְצָבְתָ֣ה בִטְנָ֔הּ וְנָפְלָ֖ה יְרֵכָ֑הּ
וְהָיְתָ֧ה הָאִשָּׁ֛ה לְאָלָ֖ה בְּקֶ֥רֶב עַמָּֽהּ
27 And having made her drink the waters, it will be, if she is unclean, and she had trespassed a trespass against her man, then the waters that cause cursing will come into her to be bitter, and her belly will be distended and her thigh will fall,
and the woman will be an imprecation within her people.
3c 4C 45
וְאִם־לֹ֤א נִטְמְאָה֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה וּטְהֹרָ֖ה הִ֑וא
וְנִקְּתָ֖ה וְנִזְרְעָ֥ה זָֽרַע
28 And the woman if is not unclean but she is clean,
then she will be acquitted and will be seeded with seed.
3e 4C 13
זֹ֥את תּוֹרַ֖ת הַקְּנָאֹ֑ת
אֲשֶׁ֨ר תִּשְׂטֶ֥ה אִשָּׁ֛ה תַּ֥חַת אִישָׁ֖הּ וְנִטְמָֽאָה
29 f This is the instruction for the jealousies,
when a woman veers, under her man, and is unclean,
3d 4A 6
א֣וֹ אִ֗ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תַּעֲבֹ֥ר עָלָ֛יו ר֥וּחַ קִנְאָ֖ה וְקִנֵּ֣א אֶת־אִשְׁתּ֑וֹ
וְהֶעֱמִ֤יד אֶת־הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְעָ֤שָׂה לָהּ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַתּוֹרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת
30 B Or a man over whom passes a spirit of jealousy and he is jealous of his wife,
and he stands the woman in the presence of Yahweh, and the priest does for her all this instruction.
3d 4C 19
וְנִקָּ֥ה הָאִ֖ישׁ מֵעָוֺ֑ן
וְהָאִשָּׁ֣ה הַהִ֔וא תִּשָּׂ֖א אֶת־עֲוֺנָֽהּ
31 And the man is innocent of iniquity,
and that woman will bear her iniquity.
3e 4B 8

Saturday 30 December 2017

Isaiah 56

This is rather depressing. In the face of an extended promise, there is no response.

Isaiah 56 Fn Min Max Syll
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה שִׁמְר֥וּ מִשְׁפָּ֖ט וַעֲשׂ֣וּ צְדָקָ֑ה
כִּֽי־קְרוֹבָ֤ה יְשֽׁוּעָתִי֙ לָב֔וֹא וְצִדְקָתִ֖י לְהִגָּלֽוֹת
1 C Thus says Yahweh, Keep judgment and do righteousness,
because my salvation is near to come and my righteousness to be disclosed.
3e 4C 15
אַשְׁרֵ֤י אֱנוֹשׁ֙ יַעֲשֶׂה־זֹּ֔את וּבֶן־אָדָ֖ם יַחֲזִ֣יק בָּ֑הּ
שֹׁמֵ֤ר שַׁבָּת֙ מֵֽחַלְּל֔וֹ וְשֹׁמֵ֥ר יָד֖וֹ מֵעֲשׂ֥וֹת כָּל־רָֽע
2 Happy is the mortal who does this, and the child of humanity who is resolute about it,
keeping the Sabbath from profaning it, and keeping its hand from doing all evil.
3e 4C 16
וְאַל־יֹאמַ֣ר בֶּן־הַנֵּכָ֗ר הַנִּלְוָ֤ה אֶל־יְהוָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הַבְדֵּ֧ל יַבְדִּילַ֛נִי יְהוָ֖ה מֵעַ֣ל עַמּ֑וֹ
וְאַל־יֹאמַר֙ הַסָּרִ֔יס הֵ֥ן אֲנִ֖י עֵ֥ץ יָבֵֽשׁ
3 So let not the child of a foreigner who is allied to Yahweh say, I am different. Yahweh has differentiated me from his people,
and let not the eunuch say, Lo, I am a dried up tree.
3c 4C 28
כִּי־כֹ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה לַסָּֽרִיסִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִשְׁמְרוּ֙ אֶת־שַׁבְּתוֹתַ֔י וּבָֽחֲר֖וּ בַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר חָפָ֑צְתִּי
וּמַחֲזִיקִ֖ים בִּבְרִיתִֽי
4 Because thus says Yahweh to eunuchs who keep my Sabbaths and choose among what I have delight in,
and are resolute within my covenant,
3e 4C 29
וְנָתַתִּ֨י לָהֶ֜ם בְּבֵיתִ֤י וּבְחֽוֹמֹתַי֙ יָ֣ד וָשֵׁ֔ם ט֖וֹב מִבָּנִ֣ים וּמִבָּנ֑וֹת
שֵׁ֤ם עוֹלָם֙ אֶתֶּן־ל֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֖ר לֹ֥א יִכָּרֵֽת
5 I will give them in my house and within my walls a hand and a name better than sons and daughters,
an everlasting name I will give to them, that will not be cut off.
3e 4C 24
וּבְנֵ֣י הַנֵּכָ֗ר הַנִּלְוִ֤ים עַל־יְהוָה֙ לְשָׁ֣רְת֔וֹ וּֽלְאַהֲבָה֙ אֶת־שֵׁ֣ם יְהוָ֔ה לִהְי֥וֹת ל֖וֹ לַעֲבָדִ֑ים
כָּל־שֹׁמֵ֤ר שַׁבָּת֙ מֵֽחַלְּל֔וֹ וּמַחֲזִיקִ֖ים בִּבְרִיתִֽי
6 And the children of the foreigner allied to Yahweh to minister to him and to love the name of Yahweh, to be his as servants,
all who keep the Sabbath from profaning it, and are resolute within my covenant,
3e 4C 29
וַהֲבִיאוֹתִ֞ים אֶל־הַ֣ר קָדְשִׁ֗י וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים֙ בְּבֵ֣ית תְּפִלָּתִ֔י עוֹלֹתֵיהֶ֧ם וְזִבְחֵיהֶ֛ם לְרָצ֖וֹן עַֽל־מִזְבְּחִ֑י
כִּ֣י בֵיתִ֔י בֵּית־תְּפִלָּ֥ה יִקָּרֵ֖א לְכָל־הָעַמִּֽים
7 I will bring them to my holy hill and make them glad in the house of my prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will find acceptance on my altar,
because my house will be called the house of prayer for all the peoples.
3c 4B 34
נְאֻם֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יְהוִ֔ה מְקַבֵּ֖ץ נִדְחֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
ע֛וֹד אֲקַבֵּ֥ץ עָלָ֖יו לְנִקְבָּצָֽיו
8 An oracle of my Lord Yahweh collecting the banished of Israel,
Still I will collect to him, for those collected to him.
3d 4B 15
כֹּ֖ל חַיְת֣וֹ שָׂדָ֑י
אֵתָ֕יוּ לֶאֱכֹ֥ל כָּל־חַיְת֖וֹ בַּיָּֽעַר
9 g All you living of the field,
come back to devour, every living thing in the forest.
3e 4B 5
צֹפָ֞יו עִוְרִ֤ים כֻּלָּם֙ לֹ֣א יָדָ֔עוּ כֻּלָּם֙ כְּלָבִ֣ים אִלְּמִ֔ים לֹ֥א יוּכְל֖וּ לִנְבֹּ֑חַ
הֹזִים֙ שֹֽׁכְבִ֔ים אֹהֲבֵ֖י לָנֽוּם
10 Lookouts are blind, all of them. They do not know. All of them dumb dogs unable to woof,
visionaries laid out who love to slumber.
3e 4C 23
וְהַכְּלָבִ֣ים עַזֵּי־נֶ֗פֶשׁ לֹ֤א יָֽדְעוּ֙ שָׂבְעָ֔ה וְהֵ֣מָּה רֹעִ֔ים לֹ֥א יָדְע֖וּ הָבִ֑ין
כֻּלָּם֙ לְדַרְכָּ֣ם פָּנ֔וּ אִ֥ישׁ לְבִצְע֖וֹ מִקָּצֵֽהוּ
11 But they are the dogs, strong of self, not knowing satisfaction, and they are shepherds, not knowing discernment.
All of them face their own way, each for its gain for its ends.
3e 4C 22
אֵתָ֥יוּ אֶקְחָה־יַ֖יִן וְנִסְבְּאָ֣ה שֵׁכָ֑ר
וְהָיָ֤ה כָזֶה֙ י֣וֹם מָחָ֔ר גָּד֖וֹל יֶ֥תֶר מְאֹֽד
12 Come back, I will lay hold of wine, and we will be besotted with strong drink,
and tomorrow will be a day like this, very great surplus.
3e 4C 12

Friday 29 December 2017

Exodus 22

I could not think of a suitable synonym for burglar, so I left digs hard, my only gloss for this stem so far. I could have used burglar but that overlapped with another relatively rare word already apt for that gloss.

Verse 22 uses the doubling of stems extensively. I am told it is not common in modern Hebrew. In the KJV it is usually interpreted as intensification of the intent of the verb. In this verse I have ignored them. If one needed syllables for the music, one might think of a creative way to sing them.
Word / Gloss
אם if
ענה --
תענה you afflict
אם --
צעק --
יצעק they cry out
שׁמע --
אשׁמע I will hear
צעקתו their outcry

Exodus 22 Fn Min Max Syll
אִם־בַּמַּחְתֶּ֛רֶת יִמָּצֵ֥א הַגַּנָּ֖ב וְהֻכָּ֣ה וָמֵ֑ת
אֵ֥ין ל֖וֹ דָּמִֽים
1 If one who digs hard is found stealing and is struck and dies,
there is no bloodshed for him.
3d 4B 16
אִם־זָרְחָ֥ה הַשֶּׁ֛מֶשׁ עָלָ֖יו דָּמִ֣ים ל֑וֹ
שַׁלֵּ֣ם יְשַׁלֵּ֔ם אִם־אֵ֣ין ל֔וֹ וְנִמְכַּ֖ר בִּגְנֵבָתֽוֹ
2 If the sun rises for him, bloodshed for him he will pay.
If he has nothing, he will be sold for his stealing.
3d 4B 11
אִֽם־הִמָּצֵא֩ תִמָּצֵ֨א בְיָד֜וֹ הַגְּנֵבָ֗ה מִשּׁ֧וֹר עַד־חֲמ֛וֹר עַד־שֶׂ֖ה חַיִּ֑ים
שְׁנַ֖יִם יְשַׁלֵּֽם
3 If in his hand the theft is found, from a bull to an ass to a lamb alive,
twofold he will pay.
3c 4A 22
כִּ֤י יַבְעֶר־אִישׁ֙ שָׂדֶ֣ה אוֹ־כֶ֔רֶם וְשִׁלַּח֙ אֶת־בְּעִיר֔וֹ וּבִעֵ֖ר בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה אַחֵ֑ר
מֵיטַ֥ב שָׂדֵ֛הוּ וּמֵיטַ֥ב כַּרְמ֖וֹ יְשַׁלֵּֽם
4 C When a man browses field or vineyard, or sends his kine to browse in the field of another,
of the best of his field, or of the best of his vineyard, he will pay.
3d 4C 22
כִּֽי־תֵצֵ֨א אֵ֜שׁ וּמָצְאָ֤ה קֹצִים֙ וְנֶאֱכַ֣ל גָּדִ֔ישׁ א֥וֹ הַקָּמָ֖ה א֣וֹ הַשָּׂדֶ֑ה
שַׁלֵּ֣ם יְשַׁלֵּ֔ם הַמַּבְעִ֖ר אֶת־הַבְּעֵרָֽה
5 When fire has gone forth and finds brambles, and a rich heap is devoured or the risen corn or the field,
the one who kindled the kindling will pay.
3e 4C 22
כִּֽי־יִתֵּן֩ אִ֨ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֜הוּ כֶּ֤סֶף אֽוֹ־כֵלִים֙ לִשְׁמֹ֔ר וְגֻנַּ֖ב מִבֵּ֣ית הָאִ֑ישׁ
אִם־יִמָּצֵ֥א הַגַּנָּ֖ב יְשַׁלֵּ֥ם שְׁנָֽיִם
6 When a man gives to his associate money or cargo to guard, and it is stolen from the house of the man,
if the thief is found, he will pay twofold.
3e 4C 20
אִם־לֹ֤א יִמָּצֵא֙ הַגַּנָּ֔ב וְנִקְרַ֥ב בַּֽעַל־הַבַּ֖יִת אֶל־הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים
אִם־לֹ֥א שָׁלַ֛ח יָד֖וֹ בִּמְלֶ֥אכֶת רֵעֵֽהוּ
7 If the thief is not found, the owner of the house will approach to the gods,
whether or not, he extended his hand into the affairs of his associate.
3d 4C 21
עַֽל־כָּל־דְּבַר־פֶּ֡שַׁע עַל־שׁ֡וֹר עַל־חֲ֠מוֹר עַל־שֶׂ֨ה עַל־שַׂלְמָ֜ה עַל־כָּל־אֲבֵדָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר יֹאמַר֙ כִּי־ה֣וּא זֶ֔ה עַ֚ד הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים יָבֹ֖א דְּבַר־שְׁנֵיהֶ֑ם
אֲשֶׁ֤ר יַרְשִׁיעֻן֙ אֱלֹהִ֔ים יְשַׁלֵּ֥ם שְׁנַ֖יִם לְרֵעֵֽהוּ
8 Over all matters of transgression, over a bull, over an ass, over a lamb, over a stole, over any lost item that someone says that this is his, to the gods the matter of both will come.
Whom a god condemns, he will pay twofold to his associate.
3e 4C 39
כִּֽי־יִתֵּן֩ אִ֨ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֜הוּ חֲמ֨וֹר אוֹ־שׁ֥וֹר אוֹ־שֶׂ֛ה וְכָל־בְּהֵמָ֖ה לִשְׁמֹ֑ר
וּמֵ֛ת אוֹ־נִשְׁבַּ֥ר אוֹ־נִשְׁבָּ֖ה אֵ֥ין רֹאֶֽה
9 When a man gives to his associate an ass or a bull or a lamb or any beast to guard,
and it dies or is broken or is carried away without any seeing,
3d 4A 20
שְׁבֻעַ֣ת יְהוָ֗ה תִּהְיֶה֙ בֵּ֣ין שְׁנֵיהֶ֔ם אִם־לֹ֥א שָׁלַ֛ח יָד֖וֹ בִּמְלֶ֣אכֶת רֵעֵ֑הוּ
וְלָקַ֥ח בְּעָלָ֖יו וְלֹ֥א יְשַׁלֵּֽם
10 An oath of Yahweh will be between them both. If he did not extend his hand against the affairs of his associate,
so let its owner receive, and he will not pay.
3d 4B 23
וְאִם־גָּנֹ֥ב יִגָּנֵ֖ב מֵעִמּ֑וֹ
יְשַׁלֵּ֖ם לִבְעָלָֽיו
11 But if to steal he stole from him,
he will repay its owner.
3e 4A 10
אִם־טָרֹ֥ף יִטָּרֵ֖ף יְבִאֵ֣הוּ עֵ֑ד
הַטְּרֵפָ֖ה לֹ֥א יְשַׁלֵּֽם
12 If it is torn in pieces he will bring it as witness.
What is torn he will not pay.
3e 4B 11
וְכִֽי־יִשְׁאַ֥ל אִ֛ישׁ מֵעִ֥ם רֵעֵ֖הוּ וְנִשְׁבַּ֣ר אוֹ־מֵ֑ת
בְּעָלָ֥יו אֵין־עִמּ֖וֹ שַׁלֵּ֥ם יְשַׁלֵּֽם
13 And if a man ask from his associate,
and it is broken or dies, its owner not being with it, he will pay.
3d 4B 15
אִם־בְּעָלָ֥יו עִמּ֖וֹ לֹ֣א יְשַׁלֵּ֑ם
אִם־שָׂכִ֣יר ה֔וּא בָּ֖א בִּשְׂכָרֽוֹ
14 If its owner was with it, he will not pay.
If it was contracted, it is coming with its wage.
3e 4B 10
וְכִֽי־יְפַתֶּ֣ה אִ֗ישׁ בְּתוּלָ֛ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־אֹרָ֖שָׂה וְשָׁכַ֣ב עִמָּ֑הּ
מָהֹ֛ר יִמְהָרֶ֥נָּה לּ֖וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה
15 And if a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed and lies down with her,
he will put up a dowry, for her to be his wife.
3d 4B 19
אִם־מָאֵ֧ן יְמָאֵ֛ן אָבִ֖יהָ לְתִתָּ֣הּ ל֑וֹ
כֶּ֣סֶף יִשְׁקֹ֔ל כְּמֹ֖הַר הַבְּתוּלֹֽת
16 If her father will not give her to him,
money will be assessed according to the dowry for the virgins.
3c 4B 13
מְכַשֵּׁפָ֖ה לֹ֥א תְחַיֶּֽה 17 A sorcerer you will not let live. 3e 3g 8
כָּל־שֹׁכֵ֥ב עִם־בְּהֵמָ֖ה מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת 18 Anyone who lies down with a beast will be put to death. 3e 3g 10
זֹבֵ֥חַ לָאֱלֹהִ֖ים יָֽחֳרָ֑ם
בִּלְתִּ֥י לַיהוָ֖ה לְבַדּֽוֹ
19 One offering to the gods will be put to the ban,
except if to Yahweh, him alone.
3e 4A 10
וְגֵ֥ר לֹא־תוֹנֶ֖ה וְלֹ֣א תִלְחָצֶ֑נּוּ
כִּֽי־גֵרִ֥ים הֱיִיתֶ֖ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם
20 And a guest you will not suppress, nor will you restrict him,
for guests you were in the land of Egypt.
3e 4B 10
כָּל־אַלְמָנָ֥ה וְיָת֖וֹם לֹ֥א תְעַנּֽוּן 21 Any widow or orphan, you will not afflict. 3e 3g 11
אִם־עַנֵּ֥ה תְעַנֶּ֖ה אֹת֑וֹ
כִּ֣י אִם־צָעֹ֤ק יִצְעַק֙ אֵלַ֔י שָׁמֹ֥עַ אֶשְׁמַ֖ע צַעֲקָתֽוֹ
22 If you afflict them,
such that they cry out to me, I will hear their outcry.
3e 4C 8
וְחָרָ֣ה אַפִּ֔י וְהָרַגְתִּ֥י אֶתְכֶ֖ם בֶּחָ֑רֶב
וְהָי֤וּ נְשֵׁיכֶם֙ אַלְמָנ֔וֹת וּבְנֵיכֶ֖ם יְתֹמִֽים
23 And my anger will burn and I will slay you by the sword,
so your wives will be widows and your children orphans.
3e 4C 14
אִם־כֶּ֣סֶף ׀ תַּלְוֶ֣ה אֶת־עַמִּ֗י אֶת־הֶֽעָנִי֙ עִמָּ֔ךְ לֹא־תִהְיֶ֥ה ל֖וֹ כְּנֹשֶׁ֑ה
לֹֽא־תְשִׂימ֥וּן עָלָ֖יו נֶֽשֶׁךְ
24 If you lend my people money, the poor with you,
it will not be for them as usury. You will not set for them interest.
3e 4B 21
אִם־חָבֹ֥ל תַּחְבֹּ֖ל שַׂלְמַ֣ת רֵעֶ֑ךָ
עַד־בֹּ֥א הַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ תְּשִׁיבֶ֥נּוּ לֽוֹ
25 If you take as pledge the apparel of your associate,
at the going down of the sun you will return it to him.
3e 4B 10
כִּ֣י הִ֤וא כְסוּתוֹ֙ לְבַדָּ֔הּ הִ֥וא שִׂמְלָת֖וֹ לְעֹר֑וֹ
בַּמֶּ֣ה יִשְׁכָּ֔ב וְהָיָה֙ כִּֽי־יִצְעַ֣ק אֵלַ֔י וְשָׁמַעְתִּ֖י כִּֽי־חַנּ֥וּן אָֽנִי
26 B For it is his only covering. It is his shawl for his skin.
In what will he lie down? And it will be that when they cry out to me, then I will hear for I am gracious.
3e 4C 15
אֱלֹהִ֖ים לֹ֣א תְקַלֵּ֑ל
וְנָשִׂ֥יא בְעַמְּךָ֖ לֹ֥א תָאֹֽר
27 The gods you will not slight,
and the principal among your people, you will not curse.
3e 4B 7
מְלֵאָתְךָ֥ וְדִמְעֲךָ֖ לֹ֣א תְאַחֵ֑ר
בְּכ֥וֹר בָּנֶ֖יךָ תִּתֶּן־לִּֽי
28 Your fullness and your tears do not delay.
The firstborn of your sons you will give me.
3e 4B 12
כֵּֽן־תַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה לְשֹׁרְךָ֖ לְצֹאנֶ֑ךָ
שִׁבְעַ֤ת יָמִים֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה עִם־אִמּ֔וֹ בַּיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁמִינִ֖י תִּתְּנוֹ־לִֽי
29 So you will do for your bull, for your sheep.
Seven days let him be with his mother. On the eighth day, you will give it to me.
3e 4C 11
וְאַנְשֵׁי־קֹ֖דֶשׁ תִּהְי֣וּן לִ֑י
וּבָשָׂ֨ר בַּשָּׂדֶ֤ה טְרֵפָה֙ לֹ֣א תֹאכֵ֔לוּ לַכֶּ֖לֶב תַּשְׁלִכ֥וּן אֹתֽוֹ
30 And holy persons you will be to me.
And torn flesh in the field, you will not eat. To dogs you will cast it.
3e 4C 7

Thursday 28 December 2017

Deuteronomy 20

How does one fight ___ enemies (verse 4). Fill in the blank. If I use על or ב or עם? Then what? Is it always against in the blank? Or is that all we can imagine?

Our excuse for this chapter is in Judges 3. There have to be some enemies left in the land. The ban was never complete. The only way to take 'enemies' and to distinguish good from evil (a primal task) is analogically or as must be, time-bound to the period of the writing of these instructions. We have plenty of internal enemies - fear, judgment, desire, etc. They need management at the least. And הזק, resolve. New Year's coming up.

Deuteronomy 20 Fn Min Max
כִּֽי־תֵצֵ֨א לַמִּלְחָמָ֜ה עַל־אֹיְבֶ֗יךָ וְֽרָאִ֜יתָ ס֤וּס וָרֶ֙כֶב֙ עַ֚ם רַ֣ב מִמְּךָ֔ לֹ֥א תִירָ֖א מֵהֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ עִמָּ֔ךְ הַמַּֽעַלְךָ֖ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם
1 When you go out to war against your enemies, and you see horses and chariot of a people more abundant than you, you will not fear them,
for Yahweh, your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.
3e 4C
וְהָיָ֕ה כְּקָֽרָבְכֶ֖ם אֶל־הַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וְנִגַּ֥שׁ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן וְדִבֶּ֥ר אֶל־הָעָֽם
2 And it will be when you approach the warriors,
the priest will come close, and speak to the people.
3e 4A
וְאָמַ֤ר אֲלֵהֶם֙ שְׁמַ֣ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אַתֶּ֨ם קְרֵבִ֥ים הַיּ֛וֹם לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה עַל־אֹיְבֵיכֶ֑ם
אַל־יֵרַ֣ךְ לְבַבְכֶ֗ם אַל־תִּֽירְא֧וּ וְאַֽל־תַּחְפְּז֛וּ וְאַל־תַּֽעַרְצ֖וּ מִפְּנֵיהֶֽם
3 And say to them, Hear, O Israel. You approach today to war against your enemies.
Let not your heart be flustered. Do not fear and do not be in haste and do not be in a panic before them.
3c 4C
כִּ֚י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם הַהֹלֵ֖ךְ עִמָּכֶ֑ם
לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם לָכֶ֛ם עִם־אֹיְבֵיכֶ֖ם לְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַ אֶתְכֶֽם
4 C For Yahweh your God goes with you,
to fight for you with your enemies, to save you.
3d 4C
וְדִבְּר֣וּ הַשֹּֽׁטְרִים֮ אֶל־הָעָ֣ם לֵאמֹר֒ מִֽי־הָאִ֞ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֨ר בָּנָ֤ה בַֽיִת־חָדָשׁ֙ וְלֹ֣א חֲנָכ֔וֹ יֵלֵ֖ךְ וְיָשֹׁ֣ב לְבֵית֑וֹ
פֶּן־יָמוּת֙ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְאִ֥ישׁ אַחֵ֖ר יַחְנְכֶֽנּוּ
5 And the overseers will speak to the people, saying, Who is the man who has built a new house and not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house,
lest he die in the battle and someone following dedicate it.
3e 4C
וּמִֽי־הָאִ֞ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־נָטַ֥ע כֶּ֙רֶם֙ וְלֹ֣א חִלְּל֔וֹ יֵלֵ֖ךְ וְיָשֹׁ֣ב לְבֵית֑וֹ
פֶּן־יָמוּת֙ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְאִ֥ישׁ אַחֵ֖ר יְחַלְּלֶֽנּוּ
6 And who is the person who has planted a vineyard and not started to use it? Let him go and return to his house,
lest he die in the battle and someone following start to use it.
3e 4B
וּמִֽי־הָאִ֞ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־אֵרַ֤שׂ אִשָּׁה֙ וְלֹ֣א לְקָחָ֔הּ יֵלֵ֖ךְ וְיָשֹׁ֣ב לְבֵית֑וֹ
פֶּן־יָמוּת֙ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְאִ֥ישׁ אַחֵ֖ר יִקָּחֶֽנָּה
7 And who is the person who has betrothed a wife and has not taken her? Let him go and return to his house,
lest he die in the battle and someone following take her.
3e 4C
וְיָסְפ֣וּ הַשֹּׁטְרִים֮ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־הָעָם֒ וְאָמְר֗וּ מִי־הָאִ֤ישׁ הַיָּרֵא֙ וְרַ֣ךְ הַלֵּבָ֔ב יֵלֵ֖ךְ וְיָשֹׁ֣ב לְבֵית֑וֹ
וְלֹ֥א יִמַּ֛ס אֶת־לְבַ֥ב אֶחָ֖יו כִּלְבָבֽוֹ
8 And again the overseers will speak to the people and they will say, Who is man who fears or is tender of heart? Let him go and return to his house,
and not make the heart of his kin melt like his own heart.
3d 4C
וְהָיָ֛ה כְּכַלֹּ֥ת הַשֹּׁטְרִ֖ים לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־הָעָ֑ם
וּפָֽקְד֛וּ שָׂרֵ֥י צְבָא֖וֹת בְּרֹ֥אשׁ הָעָֽם
9 And it will be, when the overseers have finished speaking to the people,
they will conscript chiefs of the hosts at the head of the people.
3d 4B
כִּֽי־תִקְרַ֣ב אֶל־עִ֔יר לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם עָלֶ֑יהָ
וְקָרָ֥אתָ אֵלֶ֖יהָ לְשָׁלֽוֹם
10 When you approach to a city to fight against her,
proclaim to her in peace.
3e 4B
וְהָיָה֙ אִם־שָׁל֣וֹם תַּֽעַנְךָ֔ וּפָתְחָ֖ה לָ֑ךְ
וְהָיָ֞ה כָּל־הָעָ֣ם הַנִּמְצָא־בָ֗הּ יִהְי֥וּ לְךָ֛ לָמַ֖ס וַעֲבָדֽוּךָ
11 And it will be, if peace she answers you, and opens to you,
then it will be that all the people, whatever is found in her, will be for you in forced service, and they will serve you.
3d 4B
וְאִם־לֹ֤א תַשְׁלִים֙ עִמָּ֔ךְ וְעָשְׂתָ֥ה עִמְּךָ֖ מִלְחָמָ֑ה
וְצַרְתָּ֖ עָלֶֽיהָּ
12 And if she will not make peace with you but will make war with you,
then you will lay siege against her.
3e 4C
וּנְתָנָ֛הּ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ
וְהִכִּיתָ֥ אֶת־כָּל־זְכוּרָ֖הּ לְפִי־חָֽרֶב
13 And Yahweh your God will give her into your hand,
and you will strike every male with the edge of the sword.
3d 4A
רַ֣ק הַ֠נָּשִׁים וְהַטַּ֨ף וְהַבְּהֵמָ֜ה וְכֹל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִהְיֶ֥ה בָעִ֛יר כָּל־שְׁלָלָ֖הּ תָּבֹ֣ז לָ֑ךְ
וְאָֽכַלְתָּ֙ אֶת־שְׁלַ֣ל אֹיְבֶ֔יךָ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָתַ֛ן יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ לָֽךְ
14 B But the women and the little ones and the cattle, and all that is in the city, all its spoil, you will loot for you,
and you will eat the spoil of your enemies that Yahweh your God gave to you.
3d 4B
כֵּ֤ן תַּעֲשֶׂה֙ לְכָל־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים הָרְחֹקֹ֥ת מִמְּךָ֖ מְאֹ֑ד
אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹא־מֵעָרֵ֥י הַגּֽוֹיִם־הָאֵ֖לֶּה הֵֽנָּה
15 C So you will do to all the cities at an excessive distance from you,
that are not from the cities of these nations.
3d 4C
רַ֗ק מֵעָרֵ֤י הָֽעַמִּים֙ הָאֵ֔לֶּה אֲשֶׁר֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לְךָ֖ נַחֲלָ֑ה
לֹ֥א תְחַיֶּ֖ה כָּל־נְשָׁמָֽה
16 ~ But from the cities of these peoples that Yahweh your God is giving to you as inheritance,
you will not let any breath-bearing live.
3e 4C
כִּֽי־הַחֲרֵ֣ם תַּחֲרִימֵ֗ם הַחִתִּ֤י וְהָאֱמֹרִי֙ הַכְּנַעֲנִ֣י וְהַפְּרִזִּ֔י הַחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִ֑י
כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוְּךָ֖ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ
17 But you will utterly destroy the Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite and the Perizzite, the Hivites and the Jebusites,
as Yahweh your God is commanding you.
3e 4C
לְמַ֗עַן אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹֽא־יְלַמְּד֤וּ אֶתְכֶם֙ לַעֲשׂ֔וֹת כְּכֹל֙ תּֽוֹעֲבֹתָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשׂ֖וּ לֵֽאלֹהֵיהֶ֑ם
וַחֲטָאתֶ֖ם לַיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם
18 In order that they may not teach you to do according to all their abominations that they do to their gods,
and you sin against Yahweh your God.
3e 4C
כִּֽי־תָצ֣וּר אֶל־עִיר֩ יָמִ֨ים רַבִּ֜ים לְֽהִלָּחֵ֧ם עָלֶ֣יהָ לְתָפְשָׂ֗הּ לֹֽא־תַשְׁחִ֤ית אֶת־עֵצָהּ֙ לִנְדֹּ֤חַ עָלָיו֙ גַּרְזֶ֔ן כִּ֚י מִמֶּ֣נּוּ תֹאכֵ֔ל וְאֹת֖וֹ לֹ֣א תִכְרֹ֑ת
כִּ֤י הָֽאָדָם֙ עֵ֣ץ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה לָבֹ֥א מִפָּנֶ֖יךָ בַּמָּצֽוֹר
19 When you besiege a city many days, making war against her to occupy her, you will not destroy her trees, to impel against them an adze, for from them you eat, so them you will not cut,
(for of the human are the trees of the field) to bring from before you into the siege.
3c 4C
רַ֞ק עֵ֣ץ אֲשֶׁר־תֵּדַ֗ע כִּֽי־לֹא־עֵ֤ץ מַאֲכָל֙ ה֔וּא אֹת֥וֹ תַשְׁחִ֖ית וְכָרָ֑תָּ
וּבָנִ֣יתָ מָצ֗וֹר עַל־הָעִיר֙ אֲשֶׁר־הִ֨וא עֹשָׂ֧ה עִמְּךָ֛ מִלְחָמָ֖ה עַ֥ד רִדְתָּֽהּ
20 ~ But the trees that you know that they are not trees for food, them you may destroy and cut,
and you will build fortification against the city that makes war with you until it is brought down.
3c 4C

Wednesday 27 December 2017

Leviticus 13

Who knew leprosy was such a complex disease. The detail here I may well not have expressed in the most perfect medical terminology. I have been working this chapter for more than a month. A difficult thought process to read an ancient medical handbook.

For more on the disease see here: Modern medical scholars have identified the white spots described as symptoms of tzaraat as vitiligo, a disfiguring but otherwise harmless disease, or as psoriasis, a disease that results in thick silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches on the skin.

The verbal connection between the baldness of a person (41-43) and the leprosy of a garment (v 55) is quite unexpected.

Curious that these 7 stems appear exactly 7 times in the chapter. אדם עמק כבס חיה פרח ראשׁ אשׁר. They are not always the same gloss in English, but mostly so. I say curious because my observations over the month were that the consistency of language usage only showed up after I had translated over half the words. Then the varied repeating patterns were more fully perceived by the software. Mind you, the software's (and my) initial guesses of the stems were sometimes off the mark.

4 words occur 6 times: נשא, שׁנה, כהה, כלי. Too many stats to go into. 26 words (except the usual common ones that I exclude) occur 10 or more times. So there is a lot of repeating language.

It would be acceptable to include an implied if in several verses where I have left the vav read as and. It is a bit like reading the internal coding of computer circuits with their and and or gates. There are other tongues, even English, where and can mean if. Similarly the normally causative conjunction כי is often if and may not even head the sentence. If may indeed have been implied without saying any conjunction. So any of the following may be read as if: ים, כי, ו, וים or no conjunction, but the sense implied from later in the verse. So Conjunctions in language like Prepositions are variable to a very large degree. Don't build a theology on conjunctions.

Verse 11 appears contradictory. The Greek has the opposite, but there is no need for quarantine since the leprosy has been proven. The treatment of the known leper is not specified here, but it may be implied by the final verses. Quarantine is different from permanent separation from the community.

Raw is simply חיה, life, living, quickened, etc. This is its first usage in the 70% done so far.

Leviticus 13 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה וְאֶֽל־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לֵאמֹֽר 1 And Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying, 3e 4B 15
אָדָ֗ם כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֤ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂרוֹ֙ שְׂאֵ֤ת אֽוֹ־סַפַּ֙חַת֙ א֣וֹ בַהֶ֔רֶת וְהָיָ֥ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂר֖וֹ לְנֶ֣גַע צָרָ֑עַת
וְהוּבָא֙ אֶל־אַהֲרֹ֣ן הַכֹּהֵ֔ן א֛וֹ אֶל־אַחַ֥ד מִבָּנָ֖יו הַכֹּהֲנִֽים
2 If a human has in the skin of its flesh swelling or a lesion or a scar, and it is in the skin of its flesh, the contagion of a leper,
then it will be brought to Aaron the priest, or to one from among his children, the priests.
3d 4C 33
וְרָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֣ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֣גַע בְּעֽוֹר־הַ֠בָּשָׂר וְשֵׂעָ֨ר בַּנֶּ֜גַע הָפַ֣ךְ ׀ לָבָ֗ן וּמַרְאֵ֤ה הַנֶּ֙גַע֙ עָמֹק֙ מֵע֣וֹר בְּשָׂר֔וֹ נֶ֥גַע צָרַ֖עַת ה֑וּא
וְרָאָ֥הוּ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן וְטִמֵּ֥א אֹתֽוֹ
3 And the priest will see the contagion in the skin of the flesh, and the hair in the contagion is changed to white, and the appearance of the contagion is deeper than the skin of its flesh, a contagion of leprosy it is.
And the priest will see it, and it is unclean.
3e 4C 44
וְאִם־בַּהֶרֶת֩ לְבָנָ֨ה הִ֜וא בְּע֣וֹר בְּשָׂר֗וֹ וְעָמֹק֙ אֵין־מַרְאֶ֣הָ מִן־הָע֔וֹר וּשְׂעָרָ֖ה לֹא־הָפַ֣ךְ לָבָ֑ן
וְהִסְגִּ֧יר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֖גַע שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
4 And if a white scar itself is in the skin of its flesh and not deeper to appearance than the skin, and its hair is not changed to white,
then the priest will have the contagion quarantined seven days.
3c 4B 31
וְרָאָ֣הוּ הַכֹּהֵן֮ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי֒ וְהִנֵּ֤ה הַנֶּ֙גַע֙ עָמַ֣ד בְּעֵינָ֔יו לֹֽא־פָשָׂ֥ה הַנֶּ֖גַע בָּע֑וֹר
וְהִסְגִּיר֧וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֛ן שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים שֵׁנִֽית
5 And the priest will see it on the seventh day, and behold, the contagion standing in his eyes has not metastasized, the contagion in the skin,
then the priest will have it quarantined a second seven days.
3c 4C 30
וְרָאָה֩ הַכֹּהֵ֨ן אֹת֜וֹ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי֮ שֵׁנִית֒ וְהִנֵּה֙ כֵּהָ֣ה הַנֶּ֔גַע וְלֹא־פָשָׂ֥ה הַנֶּ֖גַע בָּע֑וֹר
וְטִהֲר֤וֹ הַכֹּהֵן֙ מִסְפַּ֣חַת הִ֔יא וְכִבֶּ֥ס בְּגָדָ֖יו וְטָהֵֽר
6 And the priest will see it on the second seventh day, and behold, the contagion is lessened and the contagion has not metastasized in the skin,
then the priest will pronounce it clean. It is a lesion. And he will scour his garments and will be clean.
3e 4C 31
וְאִם־פָּשֹׂ֨ה תִפְשֶׂ֤ה הַמִּסְפַּ֙חַת֙ בָּע֔וֹר אַחֲרֵ֧י הֵרָאֹת֛וֹ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵ֖ן לְטָהֳרָת֑וֹ
וְנִרְאָ֥ה שֵׁנִ֖ית אֶל־הַכֹּהֵֽן
7 But if the lesion in the skin metastasizes after he has appeared to the priest for its cleansing,
then he may appear a second time to the priest.
3c 4C 28
וְרָאָה֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְהִנֵּ֛ה פָּשְׂתָ֥ה הַמִּסְפַּ֖חַת בָּע֑וֹר
וְטִמְּא֥וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן צָרַ֥עַת הִֽוא
8 And the priest will see, and behold, the lesion in the skin has metastasized.
The priest will pronounce it unclean. Leprosy it is.
3d 4A 17
נֶ֣גַע צָרַ֔עַת כִּ֥י תִהְיֶ֖ה בְּאָדָ֑ם
וְהוּבָ֖א אֶל־הַכֹּהֵֽן
9 B A contagion of leprosy that is in a human,
then it will be brought to the priest.
3e 4B 11
וְרָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֤ה שְׂאֵת־לְבָנָה֙ בָּע֔וֹר וְהִ֕יא הָפְכָ֖ה שֵׂעָ֣ר לָבָ֑ן
וּמִֽחְיַ֛ת בָּשָׂ֥ר חַ֖י בַּשְׂאֵֽת
10 And the priest will see, and behold, a white swelling in the skin, and it has changed the hair to white,
and reviving flesh alive in the swelling.
3d 4C 24
צָרַ֨עַת נוֹשֶׁ֤נֶת הִוא֙ בְּע֣וֹר בְּשָׂר֔וֹ וְטִמְּא֖וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֑ן
לֹ֣א יַסְגִּרֶ֔נּוּ כִּ֥י טָמֵ֖א הֽוּא
11 A chronic leprosy it is in the skin of its flesh, ַand the priest will pronounce it unclean.
He will not have it quarantined, for it is unclean.
3e 4C 18
וְאִם־פָּר֨וֹחַ תִּפְרַ֤ח הַצָּרַ֙עַת֙ בָּע֔וֹר וְכִסְּתָ֣ה הַצָּרַ֗עַת אֵ֚ת כָּל־ע֣וֹר הַנֶּ֔גַע מֵרֹאשׁ֖וֹ וְעַד־רַגְלָ֑יו
לְכָל־מַרְאֵ֖ה עֵינֵ֥י הַכֹּהֵֽן
12 But if to flourish the leprosy flourishes in the skin and the leprosy covers all the skin of the contagion from its head and to its feet,
wherever the eye of the priest sees,
3e 4C 33
וְרָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֨ה כִסְּתָ֤ה הַצָּרַ֙עַת֙ אֶת־כָּל־בְּשָׂר֔וֹ וְטִהַ֖ר אֶת־הַנָּ֑גַע
כֻּלּ֛וֹ הָפַ֥ךְ לָבָ֖ן טָה֥וֹר הֽוּא
13 And the priest will see, and behold, the leprosy covers all his flesh, and he will pronounce the contagion clean.
The whole is changed to white. It is clean.
3d 4C 27
וּבְי֨וֹם הֵרָא֥וֹת בּ֛וֹ בָּשָׂ֥ר חַ֖י יִטְמָֽא 14 But on the day raw flesh appears in it, he will be unclean. 3d 3g 11
וְרָאָ֧ה הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֶת־הַבָּשָׂ֥ר הַחַ֖י וְטִמְּא֑וֹ
הַבָּשָׂ֥ר הַחַ֛י טָמֵ֥א ה֖וּא צָרַ֥עַת הֽוּא
15 And the priest will see the raw flesh and will pronounce it unclean.
The raw flesh itself is unclean. Leprosy it is.
3c 4A 15
א֣וֹ כִ֥י יָשׁ֛וּב הַבָּשָׂ֥ר הַחַ֖י וְנֶהְפַּ֣ךְ לְלָבָ֑ן
וּבָ֖א אֶל־הַכֹּהֵֽן
16 B Or if the raw flesh turn and be changed to white,
then he will go to the priest,
3d 4B 15
וְרָאָ֙הוּ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְהִנֵּ֛ה נֶהְפַּ֥ךְ הַנֶּ֖גַע לְלָבָ֑ן
וְטִהַ֧ר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֖גַע טָה֥וֹר הֽוּא
17 And the priest will see it, and behold, the contagion is changed to white,
then the priest will pronounce the contagion clean. Clean it is.
3c 4A 18
וּבָשָׂ֕ר כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֥ה בֽוֹ־בְעֹר֖וֹ שְׁחִ֑ין
18 And the flesh where in its skin is an ulcer,
and it is healed,
3e 4A 12
וְהָיָ֞ה בִּמְק֤וֹם הַשְּׁחִין֙ שְׂאֵ֣ת לְבָנָ֔ה א֥וֹ בַהֶ֖רֶת לְבָנָ֣ה אֲדַמְדָּ֑מֶת
וְנִרְאָ֖ה אֶל־הַכֹּהֵֽן
19 And there is in the place of the ulcer a white swelling or a white ruddy scar,
then let it be shown to the priest.
3e 4C 23
וְרָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֤ה מַרְאֶ֙הָ֙ שָׁפָ֣ל מִן־הָע֔וֹר וּשְׂעָרָ֖הּ הָפַ֣ךְ לָבָ֑ן
וְטִמְּא֧וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֛ן נֶֽגַע־צָרַ֥עַת הִ֖וא בַּשְּׁחִ֥ין פָּרָֽחָה
20 And the priest will see, and behold, it appears abased from the skin, and its hair is changed to white,
and the priest will pronounce it unclean, a contagion of leprosy it is, in the ulcers, flourishing.
3c 4C 24
וְאִ֣ם ׀ יִרְאֶ֣נָּה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵֽין־בָּהּ֙ שֵׂעָ֣ר לָבָ֔ן וּשְׁפָלָ֥ה אֵינֶ֛נָּה מִן־הָע֖וֹר וְהִ֣יא כֵהָ֑ה
וְהִסְגִּיר֥וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
21 But if the priest sees it, and behold, there is no white hair in it and it is not abased from the skin, and it is lessened,
then the priest will have it quarantined seven days.
3d 4C 30
וְאִם־פָּשֹׂ֥ה תִפְשֶׂ֖ה בָּע֑וֹר
וְטִמֵּ֧א הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֹת֖וֹ נֶ֥גַע הִֽוא
22 But if it has metastasized in the skin,
the priest will pronounce it unclean. A contagion it is.
3c 4A 8
וְאִם־תַּחְתֶּ֜יהָ תַּעֲמֹ֤ד הַבַּהֶ֙רֶת֙ לֹ֣א פָשָׂ֔תָה צָרֶ֥בֶת הַשְּׁחִ֖ין הִ֑וא
וְטִהֲר֖וֹ הַכֹּהֵֽן
23 But if under it, the scar stands not metastasized, the searing ulcer it is,
then the priest will pronounce it clean.
3e 4C 22
א֣וֹ בָשָׂ֔ר כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֥ה בְעֹר֖וֹ מִכְוַת־אֵ֑שׁ
וְֽהָיְתָ֞ה מִֽחְיַ֣ת הַמִּכְוָ֗ה בַּהֶ֛רֶת לְבָנָ֥ה אֲדַמְדֶּ֖מֶת א֥וֹ לְבָנָֽה
24 B Or if there is flesh in his skin, a brand of fire,
and it is a living brand, a white scar, ruddy or white,
3d 4B 12
וְרָאָ֣ה אֹתָ֣הּ הַכֹּהֵ֡ן וְהִנֵּ֣ה נֶהְפַּךְ֩ שֵׂעָ֨ר לָבָ֜ן בַּבַּהֶ֗רֶת וּמַרְאֶ֙הָ֙ עָמֹ֣ק מִן־הָע֔וֹר צָרַ֣עַת הִ֔וא בַּמִּכְוָ֖ה פָּרָ֑חָה
וְטִמֵּ֤א אֹתוֹ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן נֶ֥גַע צָרַ֖עַת הִֽוא
25 And the priest will see it, and behold, the hair is changed to white in the scar, and the appearance is deeper than the skin, it is leprosy flourishing within the brand,
and the priest will pronounce it unclean. A contagion of leprosy it is.
3e 4C 40
וְאִ֣ם ׀ יִרְאֶ֣נָּה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵֽין־בַּבֶּהֶ֙רֶת֙ שֵׂעָ֣ר לָבָ֔ן וּשְׁפָלָ֥ה אֵינֶ֛נָּה מִן־הָע֖וֹר וְהִ֣וא כֵהָ֑ה
וְהִסְגִּיר֥וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
26 But if the priest sees it, and behold, there is no white hair in the scar, and it is not abased from the skin and it is lessened,
then the priest will have it quarantined seven days.
3d 4C 33
וְרָאָ֥הוּ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֑י
אִם־פָּשֹׂ֤ה תִפְשֶׂה֙ בָּע֔וֹר וְטִמֵּ֤א הַכֹּהֵן֙ אֹת֔וֹ נֶ֥גַע צָרַ֖עַת הִֽוא
27 And the priest will see it on the seventh day.
If it is metastasized in the skin, then the priest will pronounce it unclean. A contagion of leprosy it is.
3e 4C 12
וְאִם־תַּחְתֶּיהָ֩ תַעֲמֹ֨ד הַבַּהֶ֜רֶת לֹא־פָשְׂתָ֤ה בָעוֹר֙ וְהִ֣וא כֵהָ֔ה שְׂאֵ֥ת הַמִּכְוָ֖ה הִ֑וא
וְטִֽהֲרוֹ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן כִּֽי־צָרֶ֥בֶת הַמִּכְוָ֖ה הִֽוא
28 But if under it the scar stands not metastasized in the skin, and it is lessened, a swelling of a brand it is,
then the priest will pronounce it clean, for a searing of a brand it is.
3e 4C 27
וְאִישׁ֙ א֣וֹ אִשָּׁ֔ה כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֥ה ב֖וֹ נָ֑גַע
בְּרֹ֖אשׁ א֥וֹ בְזָקָֽן
29 And a man or a woman that has a contagion,
on the head or the beard,
3e 4B 11
וְרָאָ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֜ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֗גַע וְהִנֵּ֤ה מַרְאֵ֙הוּ֙ עָמֹ֣ק מִן־הָע֔וֹר וּב֛וֹ שֵׂעָ֥ר צָהֹ֖ב דָּ֑ק
וְטִמֵּ֨א אֹת֤וֹ הַכֹּהֵן֙ נֶ֣תֶק ה֔וּא צָרַ֧עַת הָרֹ֛אשׁ א֥וֹ הַזָּקָ֖ן הֽוּא
30 Then the priest will see the contagion, and behold its appearance is deeper than the skin, and in it the hair is yellow flimsy,
then the priest will pronounce it unclean. Scurf it is. Leprosy of the head or the beard it is.
3c 4C 28
וְכִֽי־יִרְאֶ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֜ן אֶת־נֶ֣גַע הַנֶּ֗תֶק וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵין־מַרְאֵ֙הוּ֙ עָמֹ֣ק מִן־הָע֔וֹר וְשֵׂעָ֥ר שָׁחֹ֖ר אֵ֣ין בּ֑וֹ
וְהִסְגִּ֧יר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן אֶת־נֶ֥גַע הַנֶּ֖תֶק שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
31 And if the priest sees a contagion of the scurf, and behold its appearance is not deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it,
the priest will have the contagion of the scurf quarantined seven days.
3c 4C 32
וְרָאָ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֣ן אֶת־הַנֶּגַע֮ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי֒ וְהִנֵּה֙ לֹא־פָשָׂ֣ה הַנֶּ֔תֶק וְלֹא־הָ֥יָה ב֖וֹ שֵׂעָ֣ר צָהֹ֑ב
וּמַרְאֵ֣ה הַנֶּ֔תֶק אֵ֥ין עָמֹ֖ק מִן־הָעֽוֹר
32 And the priest will see the contagion on the seventh day, and behold, the scurf has not metastasized and there is no yellow hair in it,
and the appearance of the scurf is no deeper than the skin,
3e 4B 31
וְהִ֨תְגַּלָּ֔ח וְאֶת־הַנֶּ֖תֶק לֹ֣א יְגַלֵּ֑חַ
וְהִסְגִּ֨יר הַכֹּהֵ֧ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֛תֶק שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים שֵׁנִֽית
33 Then he will be shaven, but the scurf he will not shave,
and the priest will have the scurf quarantined a second seven days.
3c 4B 14
וְרָאָה֩ הַכֹּהֵ֨ן אֶת־הַנֶּ֜תֶק בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י וְ֠הִנֵּה לֹא־פָשָׂ֤ה הַנֶּ֙תֶק֙ בָּע֔וֹר וּמַרְאֵ֕הוּ אֵינֶ֥נּוּ עָמֹ֖ק מִן־הָע֑וֹר
וְטִהַ֤ר אֹתוֹ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְכִבֶּ֥ס בְּגָדָ֖יו וְטָהֵֽר
34 And the priest will see the scurf on the seventh day, and behold, the scurf has not metastasized in the skin, and its appearance is not deeper than the skin,
then the priest will pronounce it clean, and he will scour his garments and will be clean.
3e 4C 37
וְאִם־פָּשֹׂ֥ה יִפְשֶׂ֛ה הַנֶּ֖תֶק בָּע֑וֹר
אַחֲרֵ֖י טָהֳרָתֽוֹ
35 But if the scurf metastasizes in the skin,
after his cleansing,
3d 4A 11
וְרָאָ֙הוּ֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְהִנֵּ֛ה פָּשָׂ֥ה הַנֶּ֖תֶק בָּע֑וֹר
לֹֽא־יְבַקֵּ֧ר הַכֹּהֵ֛ן לַשֵּׂעָ֥ר הַצָּהֹ֖ב טָמֵ֥א הֽוּא
36 Then the priest will see it, and behold, the scurf has metastasized in the skin,
the priest will not reflect for the yellow hair. Unclean it is.
3c 4A 17
וְאִם־בְּעֵינָיו֩ עָמַ֨ד הַנֶּ֜תֶק וְשֵׂעָ֨ר שָׁחֹ֧ר צָֽמַח־בּ֛וֹ נִרְפָּ֥א הַנֶּ֖תֶק טָה֣וֹר ה֑וּא
וְטִהֲר֖וֹ הַכֹּהֵֽן
37 But if in his eyes the scurf stands and black hair is sprouting in it, the scurf is healed. Clean it is.
So the priest will pronounce it clean.
3c 4B 26
וְאִישׁ֙ אֽוֹ־אִשָּׁ֔ה כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֥ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂרָ֖ם בֶּהָרֹ֑ת
בֶּהָרֹ֖ת לְבָנֹֽת
38 And a man or a woman that has in the skin of their flesh,
a scar, a white scar.
3e 4A 15
וְרָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֧ה בְעוֹר־בְּשָׂרָ֛ם בֶּהָרֹ֖ת כֵּה֣וֹת לְבָנֹ֑ת
בֹּ֥הַק ה֛וּא פָּרַ֥ח בָּע֖וֹר טָה֥וֹר הֽוּא
39 And the priest sees, and behold, in the skin of their flesh, a dim white scar.
A freckle it is, flourishing in the skin. Clean it is.
3c 4B 22
וְאִ֕ישׁ כִּ֥י יִמָּרֵ֖ט רֹאשׁ֑וֹ
קֵרֵ֥חַ ה֖וּא טָה֥וֹר הֽוּא
40 And anyone whose head is pared,
he is bald. Clean it is.
3e 4A 8
וְאִם֙ מִפְּאַ֣ת פָּנָ֔יו יִמָּרֵ֖ט רֹאשׁ֑וֹ
גִּבֵּ֥חַ ה֖וּא טָה֥וֹר הֽוּא
41 And if from a quarter of his face his head is pared,
baldness of the forehead it is. Clean he is.
3e 4B 11
וְכִֽי־יִהְיֶ֤ה בַקָּרַ֙חַת֙ א֣וֹ בַגַּבַּ֔חַת נֶ֖גַע לָבָ֣ן אֲדַמְדָּ֑ם
צָרַ֤עַת פֹּרַ֙חַת֙ הִ֔וא בְּקָרַחְתּ֖וֹ א֥וֹ בְגַבַּחְתּֽוֹ
42 And if there is in the baldness or baldness of forehead a white ruddy contagion,
it is a leprosy flourishing in his baldness or his baldness of forehead.
3e 4C 20
וְרָאָ֨ה אֹת֜וֹ הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְהִנֵּ֤ה שְׂאֵת־הַנֶּ֙גַע֙ לְבָנָ֣ה אֲדַמְדֶּ֔מֶת בְּקָרַחְתּ֖וֹ א֣וֹ בְגַבַּחְתּ֑וֹ
כְּמַרְאֵ֥ה צָרַ֖עַת ע֥וֹר בָּשָֽׂר
43 And the priest will see it, and behold, a swelling of the white ruddy contagion in his baldness or his baldness of forehead,
as a leprosy appears in the skin of flesh.
3e 4C 32
אִישׁ־צָר֥וּעַ ה֖וּא טָמֵ֣א ה֑וּא
טַמֵּ֧א יְטַמְּאֶ֛נּוּ הַכֹּהֵ֖ן בְּרֹאשׁ֥וֹ נִגְעֽוֹ
44 A man of leprosy he is.
Unclean it is, unclean. The priest will pronounce him unclean. In his head is his contagion.
3c 4B 8
וְהַצָּר֜וּעַ אֲשֶׁר־בּ֣וֹ הַנֶּ֗גַע בְּגָדָ֞יו יִהְי֤וּ פְרֻמִים֙ וְרֹאשׁוֹ֙ יִהְיֶ֣ה פָר֔וּעַ וְעַל־שָׂפָ֖ם יַעְטֶ֑ה
וְטָמֵ֥א ׀ טָמֵ֖א יִקְרָֽא
45 And the leper that has the contagion, his garments will be wrested, and his head will be neglected, and upper lip he will wrap,
and Unclean, unclean, he will call.
3e 4C 33
כָּל־יְמֵ֞י אֲשֶׁ֨ר הַנֶּ֥גַע בּ֛וֹ יִטְמָ֖א טָמֵ֣א ה֑וּא
בָּדָ֣ד יֵשֵׁ֔ב מִח֥וּץ לַֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה מוֹשָׁבֽוֹ
46 All the days that the contagion is in him he will be unclean. Unclean he is.
Isolated he sits. Outside the camp is his situation.
3d 4B 14
וְהַבֶּ֕גֶד כִּֽי־יִהְיֶ֥ה ב֖וֹ נֶ֣גַע צָרָ֑עַת
בְּבֶ֣גֶד צֶ֔מֶר א֖וֹ בְּבֶ֥גֶד פִּשְׁתִּֽים
47 And the garment that has a contagion, a leprosy,
in the woolen garment or in the garment of flax,
3e 4B 13
א֤וֹ בִֽשְׁתִי֙ א֣וֹ בְעֵ֔רֶב לַפִּשְׁתִּ֖ים וְלַצָּ֑מֶר
א֣וֹ בְע֔וֹר א֖וֹ בְּכָל־מְלֶ֥אכֶת עֽוֹר
48 C Whether in the warp or in the weft of the flax or of the wool,
or in the skin or in all workmanship of skin,
3e 4C 14
וְהָיָ֨ה הַנֶּ֜גַע יְרַקְרַ֣ק ׀ א֣וֹ אֲדַמְדָּ֗ם בַּבֶּגֶד֩ א֨וֹ בָע֜וֹר אֽוֹ־בַשְּׁתִ֤י אוֹ־בָעֵ֙רֶב֙ א֣וֹ בְכָל־כְּלִי־ע֔וֹר נֶ֥גַע צָרַ֖עַת ה֑וּא
וְהָרְאָ֖ה אֶת־הַכֹּהֵֽן
49 And the contagion will be yellow-green or ruddy in the garment or in the skin, whether in the warp or in the weft or in any vessel of skin. A contagion of leprosy it is,
and it will be shown to the priest.
3e 4C 37
וְרָאָ֥ה הַכֹּהֵ֖ן אֶת־הַנָּ֑גַע
וְהִסְגִּ֥יר אֶת־הַנֶּ֖גַע שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
50 And the priest will see the contagion,
and will have the contagion quarantined seven days.
3e 4A 10
וְרָאָ֨ה אֶת־הַנֶּ֜גַע בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י כִּֽי־פָשָׂ֤ה הַנֶּ֙גַע֙ בַּ֠בֶּגֶד אֽוֹ־בַשְּׁתִ֤י אֽוֹ־בָעֵ֙רֶב֙ א֣וֹ בָע֔וֹר לְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יֵעָשֶׂ֥ה הָע֖וֹר לִמְלָאכָ֑ה
צָרַ֧עַת מַמְאֶ֛רֶת הַנֶּ֖גַע טָמֵ֥א הֽוּא
51 And he will see the contagion on the seventh day. If the contagion has metastasized in the garment, whether in the warp or in the weft, or in the skin of anything that is made of the skin by workmanship,
the contagion is a fretting leprosy. Unclean it is.
3c 4C 41
וְשָׂרַ֨ף אֶת־הַבֶּ֜גֶד א֥וֹ אֶֽת־הַשְּׁתִ֣י ׀ א֣וֹ אֶת־הָעֵ֗רֶב בַּצֶּ֙מֶר֙ א֣וֹ בַפִּשְׁתִּ֔ים א֚וֹ אֶת־כָּל־כְּלִ֣י הָע֔וֹר אֲשֶׁר־יִהְיֶ֥ה ב֖וֹ הַנָּ֑גַע
כִּֽי־צָרַ֤עַת מַמְאֶ֙רֶת֙ הִ֔וא בָּאֵ֖שׁ תִּשָּׂרֵֽף
52 And he will incinerate the garment, whether warp or weft, in wool or in flax or any vessel of the skin where there is in it the contagion,
for a fretting leprosy it is. In the fire it will be incinerated.
3e 4C 38
וְאִם֮ יִרְאֶ֣ה הַכֹּהֵן֒ וְהִנֵּה֙ לֹא־פָשָׂ֣ה הַנֶּ֔גַע בַּבֶּ֕גֶד א֥וֹ בַשְּׁתִ֖י א֣וֹ בָעֵ֑רֶב
א֖וֹ בְּכָל־כְּלִי־עֽוֹר
53 But if the priest sees, and behold, the contagion has not metastasized in the garment, whether in the warp or in the weft,
or in any vessel of skin,
3e 4B 25
וְצִוָּה֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְכִ֨בְּס֔וּ אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־בּ֖וֹ הַנָּ֑גַע
וְהִסְגִּיר֥וֹ שִׁבְעַת־יָמִ֖ים שֵׁנִֽית
54 Then the priest will command and have them scour whatever has the contagion,
and will have it quarantined a second seven days.
3e 4A 16
וְרָאָ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֜ן אַחֲרֵ֣י ׀ הֻכַּבֵּ֣ס אֶת־הַנֶּ֗גַע וְ֠הִנֵּה לֹֽא־הָפַ֨ךְ הַנֶּ֤גַע אֶת־עֵינוֹ֙ וְהַנֶּ֣גַע לֹֽא־פָשָׂ֔ה טָמֵ֣א ה֔וּא בָּאֵ֖שׁ תִּשְׂרְפֶ֑נּוּ
פְּחֶ֣תֶת הִ֔וא בְּקָרַחְתּ֖וֹ א֥וֹ בְגַבַּחְתּֽוֹ
55 And the priest will see after the contagion is scoured, and behold, the contagion has not changed its colour, and the contagion has not metastasized. Unclean it is. In the fire you will incinerate it.
An inner boring it is, in its baldness or its baldness of forehead.
3e 4C 42
וְאִם֮ רָאָ֣ה הַכֹּהֵן֒ וְהִנֵּה֙ כֵּהָ֣ה הַנֶּ֔גַע אַחֲרֵ֖י הֻכַּבֵּ֣ס אֹת֑וֹ
וְקָרַ֣ע אֹת֗וֹ מִן־הַבֶּ֙גֶד֙ א֣וֹ מִן־הָע֔וֹר א֥וֹ מִן־הַשְּׁתִ֖י א֥וֹ מִן־הָעֵֽרֶב
56 But if the priest sees, and behold, the contagion is lessened after it is scoured,
then he will rip it from the garment or from the skin or from warp or from the weft.
3e 4B 23
וְאִם־תֵּרָאֶ֨ה ע֜וֹד בַּ֠בֶּגֶד אֽוֹ־בַשְּׁתִ֤י אֽוֹ־בָעֵ֙רֶב֙ א֣וֹ בְכָל־כְּלִי־ע֔וֹר פֹּרַ֖חַת הִ֑וא
בָּאֵ֣שׁ תִּשְׂרְפֶ֔נּוּ אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־בּ֖וֹ הַנָּֽגַע
57 And if it appears still in the garment, whether in the warp or in the weft or in any vessel of skin, it is flourishing.
In the fire you will incinerate it, whatever has the contagion.
3e 4C 25
וְהַבֶּ֡גֶד אֽוֹ־הַשְּׁתִ֨י אוֹ־הָעֵ֜רֶב אֽוֹ־כָל־כְּלִ֤י הָעוֹר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תְּכַבֵּ֔ס וְסָ֥ר מֵהֶ֖ם הַנָּ֑גַע
וְכֻבַּ֥ס שֵׁנִ֖ית וְטָהֵֽר
58 And the garment or warp or weft or any vessel of the skin that you will scour, and the contagion is turned aside from them,
then he will scour a second time and it will be clean.
3e 4C 28
זֹ֠את תּוֹרַ֨ת נֶֽגַע־צָרַ֜עַת בֶּ֥גֶד הַצֶּ֣מֶר ׀ א֣וֹ הַפִּשְׁתִּ֗ים א֤וֹ הַשְּׁתִי֙ א֣וֹ הָעֵ֔רֶב א֖וֹ כָּל־כְּלִי־ע֑וֹר
לְטַהֲר֖וֹ א֥וֹ לְטַמְּאֽוֹ
59 ~ This is the instruction for a contagion of leprosy of a garment of wool or flax or warp or weft or any vessel of skin,
to clean it or to defile it.
3e 4C 29