Wednesday, September 19, 2018

1 Samuel 14

Again we get this use of great in KJV for God. JB fearlessly has "the very panic of God". Of course that could be an objective genitive. I.e. as NIV has it "a panic sent by God". My gloss is apprehension. 

The ark of verse 18 is likely the ephod of verse 3. JB suggests the ephod was an embarrassment.

There is something both funny and awkward about this story, a sort of Winnie the Pooh feel, and also the feel of a mad king, arbitrarily superstitious. Rule by fear is an old tradition, whether deliberate or not. The exhaustion of the people is not an unexpected outcome.

The English gloss here, an adverb of place, does not give the tension of the word הלם in Hebrew, a word suggesting stamping one's foot. The tug of war between the impulsive Saul and one of his checks on absolute power, in this case, the priest, can be seen in the repeated use of this word in verses 37-38.

It is clear that Twitter gives support to impulsiveness. And the people in their own silence say, do what seems good to you. We need to do more than stamp our feet to change minds.

Yet Saul לדד the kingdom, verse 47. This is the same word as caught in the trial by lot between Saul and Jonathon. There is no object for the word ירשׁיע from רשׁע. Why should to them be assumed? The Hebrew condemns Saul for his actions. Saul was a leader with serious disability. The people went along with him, except in the case of Jonathan.

If the people elect impulsive leaders, they abdicate their decision making. This is true in every human organization. There is no escape from our call to govern well. The framers of constitutions have to recognize the need to curtail absolute power. In Canada, our notwithstanding clause is a rip in the fabric. It remains to be seen if the impulsive leader of the Ontario conservative party will get his narrow and vindictive way with the constitution in our country.

1 Samuel 14 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י הַיּ֗וֹם וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹנָתָ֤ן בֶּן־שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־הַנַּ֙עַר֙ נֹשֵׂ֣א כֵלָ֔יו לְכָ֗ה וְנַעְבְּרָה֙ אֶל־מַצַּ֣ב פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵעֵ֣בֶר הַלָּ֑ז
וּלְאָבִ֖יו לֹ֥א הִגִּֽיד
1 And it happened the day when Yonathan child of Saul said to the lad, his cargo bearer, Come, let us cross through to the garrison of the Philistines that is beyond this.
And his father he did not tell.
3e 4C 40
6
וְשָׁא֗וּל יוֹשֵׁב֙ בִּקְצֵ֣ה הַגִּבְעָ֔ה תַּ֥חַת הָרִמּ֖וֹן אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִגְר֑וֹן
וְהָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִמּ֔וֹ כְּשֵׁ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת אִֽישׁ
2 And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under the pomegranate that is at Migron.
And the people that were with him about six hundred men,
3e 4B 20
12
וַאֲחִיָּ֣ה בֶן־אֲחִט֡וּב אֲחִ֡י אִיכָב֣וֹד ׀ בֶּן־פִּינְחָ֨ס בֶּן־עֵלִ֜י כֹּהֵ֧ן ׀ יְהוָ֛ה בְּשִׁל֖וֹ נֹשֵׂ֣א אֵפ֑וֹד
וְהָעָם֙ לֹ֣א יָדַ֔ע כִּ֥י הָלַ֖ךְ יוֹנָתָֽן
3 And Achiyah, child of Achitov, brother of Ichabod, child of Phineas, child of Eli, a priest of Yahweh in Shiloh, bearing an ephod.
And the people did not know that Yonathan had gone.
3c 4B 30
12
וּבֵ֣ין הַֽמַּעְבְּר֗וֹת אֲשֶׁ֨ר בִּקֵּ֤שׁ יֽוֹנָתָן֙ לַֽעֲבֹר֙ עַל־מַצַּ֣ב פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים שֵׁן־הַסֶּ֤לַע מֵהָעֵ֙בֶר֙ מִזֶּ֔ה וְשֵׁן־הַסֶּ֥לַע מֵהָעֵ֖בֶר מִזֶּ֑ה
וְשֵׁ֤ם הָֽאֶחָד֙ בּוֹצֵ֔ץ וְשֵׁ֥ם הָאֶחָ֖ד סֶֽנֶּה
4 And between the passages that Yonathan sought to pass through to the garrison of the Philistines, was a toothlike cliff of the passage from this point of view, and a toothlike cliff of the passage from that point of view.
And the name of the one was Botsets, and the name of the other was Bush.
3e 4C 43
14
הַשֵּׁ֧ן הָאֶחָ֛ד מָצ֥וּק מִצָּפ֖וֹן מ֣וּל מִכְמָ֑שׂ
וְהָאֶחָ֥ד מִנֶּ֖גֶב מ֥וּל גָּֽבַע
5 The one tooth stresses the north in the forefront of Mikmas,
and the other from the south in the forefront of Geba.
3c 4B 13
10
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוֹנָתָ֜ן אֶל־הַנַּ֣עַר ׀ נֹשֵׂ֣א כֵלָ֗יו לְכָה֙ וְנַעְבְּרָ֗ה אֶל־מַצַּב֙ הָעֲרֵלִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה אוּלַ֛י יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה לָ֑נוּ
כִּ֣י אֵ֤ין לַֽיהוָה֙ מַעְצ֔וֹר לְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַ בְּרַ֖ב א֥וֹ בִמְעָֽט
6 And Jonathan said to the lad, his cargo bearer, Come, let us cross through to the garrison of these fore-skinned. Maybe Yahweh will deal to us,
for nothing will detain Yahweh from saving, by many or by few.
3d 4C 40
15
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ נֹשֵׂ֣א כֵלָ֔יו עֲשֵׂ֖ה כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר בִּלְבָבֶ֑ךָ
נְטֵ֣ה לָ֔ךְ הִנְנִ֥י עִמְּךָ֖ כִּלְבָבֶֽךָ
7 And his cargo bearer said to him, Do all that is in your heart.
Push on, for yourself. Here am I with you according to your heart.
3e 4C 17
11
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יְה֣וֹנָתָ֔ן הִנֵּ֛ה אֲנַ֥חְנוּ עֹבְרִ֖ים אֶל־הָאֲנָשִׁ֑ים
וְנִגְלִ֖ינוּ אֲלֵיהֶֽם
8 And Jonathan said, Behold, we will pass through to the soldiers,
and will disclose ourselves to them.
3d 4B 19
7
אִם־כֹּ֤ה יֹֽאמְרוּ֙ אֵלֵ֔ינוּ דֹּ֕מּוּ עַד־הַגִּיעֵ֖נוּ אֲלֵיכֶ֑ם
וְעָמַ֣דְנוּ תַחְתֵּ֔ינוּ וְלֹ֥א נַעֲלֶ֖ה אֲלֵיהֶֽם
9 If thus they say to us, Be mute until we join you,
then we will stand still beneath, and not go up to them.
3e 4C 17
15
וְאִם־כֹּ֨ה יֹאמְר֜וּ עֲל֤וּ עָלֵ֙ינוּ֙ וְעָלִ֔ינוּ כִּֽי־נְתָנָ֥ם יְהוָ֖ה בְּיָדֵ֑נוּ
וְזֶה־לָּ֖נוּ הָאֽוֹת
10 But if thus they say, Come up to us, then we will go up, for Yahweh has given them into our hands,
and this to us will be the sign.
3e 4C 24
6
וַיִּגָּל֣וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֔ם אֶל־מַצַּ֖ב פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים הִנֵּ֤ה עִבְרִים֙ יֹֽצְאִ֔ים מִן־הַחֹרִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הִתְחַבְּאוּ־שָֽׁם
11 And the two of them disclosed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines.
And the Philistines said, Behold the Hebrews emerging from the holes where they were camouflaged.
3e 4C 13
22
וַיַּעֲנוּ֩ אַנְשֵׁ֨י הַמַּצָּבָ֜ה אֶת־יוֹנָתָ֣ן ׀ וְאֶת־נֹשֵׂ֣א כֵלָ֗יו וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ עֲל֣וּ אֵלֵ֔ינוּ וְנוֹדִ֥יעָה אֶתְכֶ֖ם דָּבָ֑ר
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יוֹנָתָ֜ן אֶל־נֹשֵׂ֤א כֵלָיו֙ עֲלֵ֣ה אַחֲרַ֔י כִּֽי־נְתָנָ֥ם יְהוָ֖ה בְּיַ֥ד יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
12 And the men of the garrison answered Yonathan and his cargo bearer, and said, Come up to us that we may acquaint with you a thing.
And Yonathan said to his cargo bearer, Go up after me, for Yahweh has given them into the hand of Israel.
3e 4C 36
27
וַיַּ֣עַל יוֹנָתָ֗ן עַל־יָדָיו֙ וְעַל־רַגְלָ֔יו וְנֹשֵׂ֥א כֵלָ֖יו אַחֲרָ֑יו
וַֽיִּפְּלוּ֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יוֹנָתָ֔ן וְנֹשֵׂ֥א כֵלָ֖יו מְמוֹתֵ֥ת אַחֲרָֽיו
13 And Yonathan went up on his hands and on his feet, and his cargo bearer after him,
and they fell before Yonathan, and his cargo bearer put them to death after him.
3e 4B 21
19
וַתְּהִ֞י הַמַּכָּ֣ה הָרִאשֹׁנָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִכָּ֧ה יוֹנָתָ֛ן וְנֹשֵׂ֥א כֵלָ֖יו כְּעֶשְׂרִ֣ים אִ֑ישׁ
כְּבַחֲצִ֥י מַעֲנָ֖ה צֶ֥מֶד שָׂדֶֽה
14 And it was a first strike that Yonathan and his cargo bearer struck, about twenty men,
about a half a furrow of an acre of a field.
3c 4B 25
11
וַתְּהִי֩ חֲרָדָ֨ה בַמַּחֲנֶ֤ה בַשָּׂדֶה֙ וּבְכָל־הָעָ֔ם הַמַּצָּב֙ וְהַמַּשְׁחִ֔ית חָרְד֖וּ גַּם־הֵ֑מָּה
וַתִּרְגַּ֣ז הָאָ֔רֶץ וַתְּהִ֖י לְחֶרְדַּ֥ת אֱלֹהִֽים
15 And there was apprehension in the camp, in the field, and in all the people. The garrison, the destroyers were apprehensive, even them,
and the land shuddered, and it was to the apprehension of God.
3e 4C 28
14
וַיִּרְא֤וּ הַצֹּפִים֙ לְשָׁא֔וּל בְּגִבְעַ֖ת בִּנְיָמִ֑ן
וְהִנֵּ֧ה הֶהָמ֛וֹן נָמ֖וֹג וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ וַהֲלֹֽם
16 And the lookouts for Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin saw,
and behold, the tumult softened, and went, and was smitten.
3c 4C 15
14
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֗וּל לָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֔וֹ פִּקְדוּ־נָ֣א וּרְא֔וּ מִ֖י הָלַ֣ךְ מֵעִמָּ֑נוּ
וַֽיִּפְקְד֔וּ וְהִנֵּ֛ה אֵ֥ין יוֹנָתָ֖ן וְנֹשֵׂ֥א כֵלָֽיו
17 And Saul said to the people that were with him, Take a census, please, and see who has gone from us.
And they took a census and behold, there was no Yonathan or his cargo bearer.
3d 4B 22
16
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ לַֽאֲחִיָּ֔ה הַגִּ֖ישָׁה אֲר֣וֹן הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
כִּֽי־הָיָ֞ה אֲר֧וֹן הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים בַּיּ֥וֹם הַה֖וּא וּבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
18 And Saul said to Achiyah, Come close with the ark of God.
(For the ark of God was in that day with the children of Israel.)
3c 4C 18
17
וַיְהִ֗י עַ֣ד דִּבֶּ֤ר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְהֶהָמ֗וֹן אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּמַחֲנֵ֣ה פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ הָל֖וֹךְ וָרָ֑ב
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר שָׁא֛וּל אֶל־הַכֹּהֵ֖ן אֱסֹ֥ף יָדֶֽךָ
19 And it happened while Saul was speaking to the priest, that the tumult that was in the camp of the Philistines went on and on, and increasing,
And Saul said to the priest, Gather in your hand.
3c 4C 31
14
וַיִּזָּעֵ֣ק שָׁא֗וּל וְכָל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ עַד־הַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וְהִנֵּ֨ה הָיְתָ֜ה חֶ֤רֶב אִישׁ֙ בְּרֵעֵ֔הוּ מְהוּמָ֖ה גְּדוֹלָ֥ה מְאֹֽד
20 And Saul and all the people that were with him were mustered, and they came to the battle.
And behold each sword was against his friend, with very great discomfort.
3e 4C 22
20
וְהָעִבְרִ֗ים הָי֤וּ לַפְּלִשְׁתִּים֙ כְּאֶתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשׁ֔וֹם אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָל֥וּ עִמָּ֛ם בַּֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה סָבִ֑יב
וְגַם־הֵ֗מָּה לִֽהְיוֹת֙ עִם־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר עִם־שָׁא֖וּל וְיוֹנָתָֽן
21 And the Hebrews who were for the Philistines, as previously, who went up with them into the camp round about,
even they were with Israel who were with Saul and Yonathan.
3d 4C 26
19
וְכֹל֩ אִ֨ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל הַמִּֽתְחַבְּאִ֤ים בְּהַר־אֶפְרַ֙יִם֙ שָֽׁמְע֔וּ כִּֽי־נָ֖סוּ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
וַֽיַּדְבְּק֥וּ גַם־הֵ֛מָּה אַחֲרֵיהֶ֖ם בַּמִּלְחָמָֽה
22 And all the men of Israel who had been camouflaged in mount Ephraim heard that the Philistines had withdrawn.
And they themselves also followed closely after them into the battle.
3d 4C 21
15
וַיּ֧וֹשַׁע יְהוָ֛ה בַּיּ֥וֹם הַה֖וּא אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְהַ֨מִּלְחָמָ֔ה עָבְרָ֖ה אֶת־בֵּ֥ית אָֽוֶן
23 And Yahweh saved Israel in that day,
and the battle passed through to Bethaven.
3c 4A 13
11
וְאִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל נִגַּ֖שׂ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא
וַיֹּאֶל֩ שָׁא֨וּל אֶת־הָעָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר אָר֣וּר הָ֠אִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יֹ֨אכַל לֶ֜חֶם עַד־הָעֶ֗רֶב וְנִקַּמְתִּי֙ מֵאֹ֣יְבַ֔י וְלֹֽא טָעַ֥ם כָּל־הָעָ֖ם לָֽחֶם
24 And the men of Israel were harassed in that day,
when Saul made an avowal with the people, saying, Cursed is the person that eats bread till evening that I may be avenged from my enemies. And no one of the people tasted bread.
3e 4B 11
40
וְכָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּ֣אוּ בַיָּ֑עַר
וַיְהִ֥י דְבַ֖שׁ עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַשָּׂדֶֽה
25 And all the land came into the forest,
and there was honey on the surface of the field.
3e 4B 10
10
וַיָּבֹ֤א הָעָם֙ אֶל־הַיַּ֔עַר וְהִנֵּ֖ה הֵ֣לֶךְ דְּבָ֑שׁ
וְאֵין־מַשִּׂ֤יג יָדוֹ֙ אֶל־פִּ֔יו כִּֽי־יָרֵ֥א הָעָ֖ם אֶת־הַשְּׁבֻעָֽה
26 And the people came to the forest and behold, honey gushed,
but no one afforded his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath.
3e 4C 16
16
וְיוֹנָתָ֣ן לֹֽא־שָׁמַ֗ע בְּהַשְׁבִּ֣יעַ אָבִיו֮ אֶת־הָעָם֒ וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח אֶת־קְצֵ֤ה הַמַּטֶּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּיָד֔וֹ וַיִּטְבֹּ֥ל אוֹתָ֖הּ בְּיַעְרַ֣ת הַדְּבָ֑שׁ
וַיָּ֤שֶׁב יָדוֹ֙ אֶל־פִּ֔יו וַתָּאֹ֖רְנָה עֵינָֽיו
27 But Yonathan had not heard the oath of his father with the people, and he sent out the endmost part of the rod that was in his hand, and he dipped it in the forest honey.
And he let his hand return into his mouth, and his eyes were enlightened.
3e 4C 39
13
וַיַּעַן֩ אִ֨ישׁ מֵֽהָעָ֜ם וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הַשְׁבֵּעַ֩ הִשְׁבִּ֨יעַ אָבִ֤יךָ אֶת־הָעָם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אָר֥וּר הָאִ֛ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־יֹ֥אכַל לֶ֖חֶם הַיּ֑וֹם
וַיָּ֖עַף הָעָֽם
28 And someone answered from the people and said, With an oath your father has adjured the people, saying, Cursed is the person that eats bread today.
And the people are tired.
3d 4C 36
5
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יֽוֹנָתָ֔ן עָכַ֥ר אָבִ֖י אֶת־הָאָ֑רֶץ
רְאוּ־נָא֙ כִּֽי־אֹ֣רוּ עֵינַ֔י כִּ֣י טָעַ֔מְתִּי מְעַ֖ט דְּבַ֥שׁ הַזֶּֽה
29 And Yonathan said, My father has agitated the land.
See, if you will, how enlightened are my eyes that I tasted a little of this honey.
3e 4B 14
16
אַ֗ף כִּ֡י לוּא֩ אָכֹ֨ל אָכַ֤ל הַיּוֹם֙ הָעָ֔ם מִשְּׁלַ֥ל אֹיְבָ֖יו אֲשֶׁ֣ר מָצָ֑א
כִּ֥י עַתָּ֛ה לֹֽא־רָבְתָ֥ה מַכָּ֖ה בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּֽים
30 ~ Indeed, for if only today the people had eaten from the spoil of their enemies who they found,
then now would not the strike increase against the Philistines?
3d 4C 19
11
וַיַּכּ֞וּ בַּיּ֤וֹם הַהוּא֙ בַּפְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים מִמִּכְמָ֖שׂ אַיָּלֹ֑נָה
וַיָּ֥עַף הָעָ֖ם מְאֹֽד
31 And they struck in that day against the Philistines from Mikmas toward Ailon,
and the people were very tired.
3e 4C 17
7
וַיַּ֤עַט הָעָם֙ אֶל־הַשָּׁלָ֔ל וַיִּקְח֨וּ צֹ֧אן וּבָקָ֛ר וּבְנֵ֥י בָקָ֖ר וַיִּשְׁחֲטוּ־אָ֑רְצָה
וַיֹּ֥אכַל הָעָ֖ם עַל־הַדָּֽם
32 And the people pounced on the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and the calf of the herd, and they butchered on the land,
and the people ate over the blood.
3c 4C 26
8
וַיַּגִּ֤ידוּ לְשָׁאוּל֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הִנֵּ֥ה הָעָ֛ם חֹטִ֥אים לַֽיהוָ֖ה לֶאֱכֹ֣ל עַל־הַדָּ֑ם
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר בְּגַדְתֶּ֔ם גֹּֽלּוּ־אֵלַ֥י הַיּ֖וֹם אֶ֥בֶן גְּדוֹלָֽה
33 And they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin to Yahweh, to eat over the blood.
And he said, You have been treacherous. Roll to me today a great stone.
3d 4C 24
16
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֣וּל פֻּ֣צוּ בָעָ֡ם וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֣ם לָהֶ֡ם הַגִּ֣ישׁוּ אֵלַי֩ אִ֨ישׁ שׁוֹר֜וֹ וְאִ֣ישׁ שְׂיֵ֗הוּ וּשְׁחַטְתֶּ֤ם בָּזֶה֙ וַאֲכַלְתֶּ֔ם וְלֹֽא־תֶחֶטְא֥וּ לַֽיהוָ֖ה לֶאֱכֹ֣ל אֶל־הַדָּ֑ם
וַיַּגִּ֨שׁוּ כָל־הָעָ֜ם אִ֣ישׁ שׁוֹר֧וֹ בְיָד֛וֹ הַלַּ֖יְלָה וַיִּשְׁחֲטוּ־שָֽׁם
34 And Saul said, Disperse among the people and say to them, Bring close to me, each his bull, and each his lamb, and butcher here, and you eat and do not sin to Yahweh to eat by the blood.
And all the people came close, each his bull in his hand that night, and they butchered there.
3c 4C 49
21
וַיִּ֧בֶן שָׁא֛וּל מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַֽיהוָ֑ה
אֹת֣וֹ הֵחֵ֔ל לִבְנ֥וֹת מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַֽיהוָֽה
35 And built Saul an altar to Yahweh.
It was his start of building for sacrifice to Yahweh.
3c 4B 10
11
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֡וּל נֵרְדָ֣ה אַחֲרֵי֩ פְלִשְׁתִּ֨ים ׀ לַ֜יְלָה וְֽנָבֹ֥זָה בָהֶ֣ם ׀ עַד־א֣וֹר הַבֹּ֗קֶר וְלֹֽא־נַשְׁאֵ֤ר בָּהֶם֙ אִ֔ישׁ וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ כָּל־הַטּ֥וֹב בְּעֵינֶ֖יךָ עֲשֵׂ֑ה
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן נִקְרְבָ֥ה הֲלֹ֖ם אֶל־הָאֱלֹהִֽים
36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night and loot them until the light of the morning, and let us leave no trace of them. And they said, All that is good in your eyes, do.
And the priest said, Let us come near, here, to God.
3e 4C 45
16
וַיִּשְׁאַ֤ל שָׁאוּל֙ בֵּֽאלֹהִ֔ים הַֽאֵרֵד֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים הֲתִתְּנֵ֖ם בְּיַ֣ד יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְלֹ֥א עָנָ֖הוּ בַּיּ֥וֹם הַהֽוּא
37 And Saul inquired in God, Will I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into the hand of Israel?
But he did not answer in that day.
3e 4C 25
9
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֔וּל גֹּ֣שֽׁוּ הֲלֹ֔ם כֹּ֖ל פִּנּ֣וֹת הָעָ֑ם
וּדְע֣וּ וּרְא֔וּ בַּמָּ֗ה הָֽיְתָ֛ה הַחַטָּ֥את הַזֹּ֖את הַיּֽוֹם
38 And Saul said, Come close here, all the preferred of the people,
and know and see what was this sin today.
3d 4B 14
15
כִּ֣י חַי־יְהוָ֗ה הַמּוֹשִׁ֙יעַ֙ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כִּ֧י אִם־יֶשְׁנ֛וֹ בְּיוֹנָתָ֥ן בְּנִ֖י כִּ֣י מ֣וֹת יָמ֑וּת
וְאֵ֥ין עֹנֵ֖הוּ מִכָּל־הָעָֽם
39 B For Yahweh lives, who has saved Israel, even if it is in Yonathan my son, to die he will die.
But none answered him from all the people.
3c 4B 27
9
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֶל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל אַתֶּם֙ תִּֽהְיוּ֙ לְעֵ֣בֶר אֶחָ֔ד וַֽאֲנִי֙ וְיוֹנָתָ֣ן בְּנִ֔י נִהְיֶ֖ה לְעֵ֣בֶר אֶחָ֑ד
וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ הָעָם֙ אֶל־שָׁא֔וּל הַטּ֥וֹב בְּעֵינֶ֖יךָ עֲשֵֽׂה
40 And he said to all Israel, You will be to one passage, and I and Yonathan my child will be to the other passage.
And the people said to Saul, What is good in your eyes, do.
3e 4C 33
16
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֗וּל אֶל־יְהוָ֛ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל הָ֣בָה תָמִ֑ים
וַיִּלָּכֵ֧ד יוֹנָתָ֛ן וְשָׁא֖וּל וְהָעָ֥ם יָצָֽאוּ
41 And Saul said to Yahweh, the God of Israel, Provide what is complete.
And caught out were Yonathan and Saul, but the people had an exit.
3c 4B 18
16
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֔וּל הַפִּ֕ילוּ בֵּינִ֕י וּבֵ֖ין יוֹנָתָ֣ן בְּנִ֑י
וַיִּלָּכֵ֖ד יוֹנָתָֽן
42 And Saul said, Let the lot fall between me and Yonathan my son.
And caught was Yonathan.
3e 4B 17
7
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שָׁאוּל֙ אֶל־י֣וֹנָתָ֔ן הַגִּ֥ידָה לִּ֖י מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֑יתָה
וַיַּגֶּד־ל֣וֹ יוֹנָתָ֗ן וַיֹּאמֶר֩ טָעֹ֨ם טָעַ֜מְתִּי בִּקְצֵ֨ה הַמַּטֶּ֧ה אֲשֶׁר־בְּיָדִ֛י מְעַ֥ט דְּבַ֖שׁ הִנְנִ֥י אָמֽוּת
43 And Saul said to Yonathan, Make it clear to me what you have done.
And Yonathan made it clear to him, and said, Tasting, I tasted, on the endmost part of the rod that was in my hand, a little honey. Here I am. I will die.
3c 4C 17
33
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֔וּל כֹּֽה־יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים וְכֹ֣ה יוֹסִ֑ף
כִּֽי־מ֥וֹת תָּמ֖וּת יוֹנָתָֽן
44 And Saul said, Thus God do and so add more,
for to die you will die, Jonathan.
3e 4B 16
7
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הָעָ֜ם אֶל־שָׁא֗וּל הֲ‍ֽיוֹנָתָ֤ן ׀ יָמוּת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָ֠שָׂה הַיְשׁוּעָ֨ה הַגְּדוֹלָ֣ה הַזֹּאת֮ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל֒ חָלִ֗ילָה חַי־יְהוָה֙ אִם־יִפֹּ֞ל מִשַּׂעֲרַ֤ת רֹאשׁוֹ֙ אַ֔רְצָה כִּֽי־עִם־אֱלֹהִ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ה הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה
וַיִּפְדּ֥וּ הָעָ֛ם אֶת־יוֹנָתָ֖ן וְלֹא־מֵֽת
45 And the people said to Saul, Will Yonathan die who has done this great salvation in Israel? Far be it. Yahweh lives. Not a hair of his head will fall to the land, for with God he has acted this day.
So the people ransomed Yonathan and he did not die.
3d 4C 57
12
וַיַּ֣עַל שָׁא֔וּל מֵאַחֲרֵ֖י פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
וּפְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים הָלְכ֥וּ לִמְקוֹמָֽם
46 And Saul came up from following the Philistines,
and the Philistines went to their place.
3e 4B 12
8
וְשָׁא֛וּל לָכַ֥ד הַמְּלוּכָ֖ה עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּלָּ֣חֶם סָבִ֣יב ׀ בְּֽכָל־אֹיְבָ֡יו בְּמוֹאָ֣ב ׀ וּבִבְנֵי־עַמּ֨וֹן וּבֶאֱד֜וֹם וּבְמַלְכֵ֤י צוֹבָה֙ וּבַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וּבְכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־יִפְנֶ֖ה יַרְשִֽׁיעַ
47 And Saul caught out the kingdom over Israel, and he fought round about with all their enemies in Moab, and among the children of Ammon, and in Edom, and with the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines.
And everywhere that he faced, he was doing wrong.
3d 4C 12
39
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ חַ֔יִל וַיַּ֖ךְ אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֑ק
וַיַּצֵּ֥ל אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל מִיַּ֥ד שֹׁסֵֽהוּ
48 And he acted forcefully and struck Amalek,
and delivered Israel from the hand of plunder.
3e 4B 11
12
וַיִּֽהְיוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י שָׁא֔וּל יוֹנָתָ֥ן וְיִשְׁוִ֖י וּמַלְכִּי־שׁ֑וּעַ
וְשֵׁם֙ שְׁתֵּ֣י בְנֹתָ֔יו שֵׁ֤ם הַבְּכִירָה֙ מֵרַ֔ב וְשֵׁ֥ם הַקְּטַנָּ֖ה מִיכַֽל
49 And the sons of Saul were Yonathan, and Yishui, and Melkishua.
The names of his two daughters, the name of the firstborn, Merab, and the name of the younger, Michal.
3e 4C 17
20
וְשֵׁם֙ אֵ֣שֶׁת שָׁא֔וּל אֲחִינֹ֖עַם בַּת־אֲחִימָ֑עַץ
וְשֵׁ֤ם שַׂר־צְבָאוֹ֙ אֲבִינֵ֔ר בֶּן־נֵ֖ר דּ֥וֹד שָׁאֽוּל
50 And the name of the wife of Saul, Axinoam, a daughter of Aximats.
And the name of the chief of his host, Abner, child of Ner, the uncle of Saul.
3e 4C 15
14
וְקִ֧ישׁ אֲבִֽי־שָׁא֛וּל וְנֵ֥ר אֲבִֽי־אַבְנֵ֖ר בֶּן־אֲבִיאֵֽל 51 And Kish was the father of Saul, and Ner, the father of Abner, child of Abiel. 3c 3g 15
וַתְּהִ֤י הַמִּלְחָמָה֙ חֲזָקָ֣ה עַל־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים כֹּ֖ל יְמֵ֣י שָׁא֑וּל
וְרָאָ֨ה שָׁא֜וּל כָּל־אִ֤ישׁ גִּבּוֹר֙ וְכָל־בֶּן־חַ֔יִל וַיַּאַסְפֵ֖הוּ אֵלָֽיו
52 And there was battle resolute against the Philistines all the days of Saul.
If Saul saw any man of valour, or any son of ability, then he gathered him to himself.
3e 4C 18
21