Thursday, September 27, 2018

1 Chronicles 12

There is considerable regularity in the lists in this chapter. I find myself doubting that there could be insight into all the rest of Israel who were not at Hebron. It sounds too much like an election for a strongman. Further it is denied in the other parts of the history (frequently) that all Israel was of one mind. This is propaganda. So I used an alternate gloss for those who were not there. And really made their minds absent from the Chronicler's pen. (Who couldn't possibly have known what was in their minds anyway.)

There is perhaps a brief allusion to David's elegy over the death of Saul and Jonathan in verse 1.

1 Chronicles 12 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאֵ֗לֶּה הַבָּאִ֤ים אֶל־דָּוִיד֙ לְצִ֣יקְלַ֔ג ע֣וֹד עָצ֔וּר מִפְּנֵ֖י שָׁא֣וּל בֶּן־קִ֑ישׁ
וְהֵ֙מָּה֙ בַּגִּבּוֹרִ֔ים עֹזְרֵ֖י הַמִּלְחָמָֽה
1 And these are they who came to David, to Tsiqlag, while he contained himself from the face of Saul, child of Kish.
And they were among the valiant, helpers in the battle.
3e 4C 21
13
נֹ֣שְׁקֵי קֶ֗שֶׁת מַיְמִינִ֤ים וּמַשְׂמִאלִים֙ בָּֽאֲבָנִ֔ים וּבַחִצִּ֖ים בַּקָּ֑שֶׁת
מֵאֲחֵ֥י שָׁא֖וּל מִבִּנְיָמִֽן
2 B They were equipped with bow, right handed and left handed with stones, and with arrows by the bow,
from the kin of Saul, from Benjamin.
3e 4C 22
9
הָרֹ֨אשׁ אֲחִיעֶ֜זֶר וְיוֹאָ֗שׁ בְּנֵי֙ הַשְּׁמָעָ֣ה הַגִּבְעָתִ֔י וִיזִיאֵ֥ל וָפֶ֖לֶט בְּנֵ֣י עַזְמָ֑וֶת
וּבְרָכָ֕ה וְיֵה֖וּא הָעֲנְּתֹתִֽי
3 The head, Ahiezer, then Joash, the children of Shemaah the Gibeatite, and Yeziel, and Pelet, the children of Azmaveth,
and Berakah, and Jehu the Antothite,
3e 4B 29
10
וְיִֽשְׁמַֽעְיָ֧ה הַגִּבְעוֹנִ֛י גִּבּ֥וֹר בַּשְּׁלֹשִׁ֖ים וְעַל־הַשְּׁלֹשִֽׁים 4 Yishmayah the Gibeonite, valiant among the thirty, and over the thirty, 3c 3g 18
וְיִרְמְיָ֤ה וְיַחֲזִיאֵל֙ וְי֣וֹחָנָ֔ן וְיוֹזָבָ֖ד הַגְּדֵרָתִֽי 5 And Jeremiah, and Yaxaziel, and Jochanan, and Jozebad the Gederatite, 3e 4C 21
אֶלְעוּזַ֤י וִירִימוֹת֙ וּבְעַלְיָ֣ה וּשְׁמַרְיָ֔הוּ וּשְׁפַטְיָ֖הוּ הַחֲרוּפִֽי 6 Eluzai, and Yerimoth, and Bealyah, and Shamariah, and Shepatyah the Xarupite, 3e 4C 21
אֶלְקָנָ֡ה וְ֠יִשִּׁיָּהוּ וַעֲזַרְאֵ֧ל וְיוֹעֶ֛זֶר וְיָשָׁבְעָ֖ם הַקָּרְחִֽים 7 Elkanah, and Yeshiah, and Azarel, and Yoezer, and Yashavam, the Korahites, 3c 3g 23
וְיוֹעֵאלָ֧ה וּזְבַדְיָ֛ה בְּנֵ֥י יְרֹחָ֖ם מִן־הַגְּדֽוֹר 8 And Yoelah, and Zebadiah, the children of Jeroham from Gdor. 3c 3g 15
וּמִן־הַגָּדִ֡י נִבְדְּל֣וּ אֶל־דָּוִיד֩ לַמְצַ֨ד מִדְבָּ֜רָה גִּבֹּרֵ֣י הַחַ֗יִל אַנְשֵׁ֤י צָבָא֙ לַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה עֹרְכֵ֥י צִנָּ֖ה וָרֹ֑מַח
וּפְנֵ֤י אַרְיֵה֙ פְּנֵיהֶ֔ם וְכִצְבָאיִ֥ם עַל־הֶהָרִ֖ים לְמַהֵֽר
9 And from the Gadites, there differentiated themselves to David, to the fortress toward the wilderness, valiant of ability, soldiers of a host for battle, ranked for grappling hook and lance,
and the face of a lion their faces and like the gazelle over the hills for swiftness.
3e 4C 37
18
עֵ֖זֶר הָרֹ֑אשׁ
עֹבַדְיָה֙ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י אֱלִיאָ֖ב הַשְּׁלִשִֽׁי
10 g Ezer the first,
Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,
3e 4A 4
12
מִשְׁמַנָּה֙ הָרְבִיעִ֔י יִרְמְיָ֖ה הַחֲמִשִֽׁי 11 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 3e 3g 13
עַתַּי֙ הַשִּׁשִּׁ֔י אֱלִיאֵ֖ל הַשְּׁבִעִֽי 12 Attai the sixth, Elyel the seventh, 3e 3g 11
יֽוֹחָנָן֙ הַשְּׁמִינִ֔י אֶלְזָבָ֖ד הַתְּשִׁיעִֽי 13 Jochanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 3e 3g 12
יִרְמְיָ֙הוּ֙ הָעֲשִׂירִ֔י מַכְבַּנַּ֖י עַשְׁתֵּ֥י עָשָֽׂר 14 Jeremiah the tenth, Makbanai the eleventh 3e 3g 15
אֵ֥לֶּה מִבְּנֵי־גָ֖ד רָאשֵׁ֣י הַצָּבָ֑א
אֶחָ֤ד לְמֵאָה֙ הַקָּטָ֔ן וְהַגָּד֖וֹל לְאָֽלֶף
15 f These from the children of Gad, the heads of the host,
one for a hundred, the lesser, and the greatest, for a thousand.
3e 4C 10
15
אֵ֣לֶּה הֵ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָבְר֤וּ אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָרִאשׁ֔וֹן וְה֥וּא מְמַלֵּ֖א עַל־כָּל־גְּדוֹתָ֑יו
וַיַּבְרִ֙יחוּ֙ אֶת־כָּל־הָ֣עֲמָקִ֔ים לַמִּזְרָ֖ח וְלַֽמַּעֲרָֽב
16 B These they are that crossed over the Jordan in the first new moon and it more than full over all its levees.
And they put to flight all of the valleys, to the east and to the west.
3e 4C 27
18
וַיָּבֹ֗אוּ מִן־בְּנֵ֤י בִנְיָמִן֙ וִֽיהוּדָ֔ה עַד־לַמְצָ֖ד לְדָוִֽיד 17 And they came from the children of Benjamin and Judah to the fortress, to David. 3e 4C 18
וַיֵּצֵ֣א דָוִיד֮ לִפְנֵיהֶם֒ וַיַּ֙עַן֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֔ם אִם־לְשָׁל֞וֹם בָּאתֶ֤ם אֵלַי֙ לְעָזְרֵ֔נִי יִֽהְיֶה־לִּ֧י עֲלֵיכֶ֛ם לֵבָ֖ב לְיָ֑חַד
וְאִֽם־לְרַמּוֹתַ֣נִי לְצָרַ֗י בְּלֹ֤א חָמָס֙ בְּכַפַּ֔י יֵ֛רֶא אֱלֹהֵ֥י אֲבוֹתֵ֖ינוּ וְיוֹכַֽח
18 And David went out to face them, and answered, and he said to them, If in peace you have come to me to help me, my heart will be to you as one,
but if for deceit for my foes, in that no violence is in my palm, may the God of our ancestors see and reprove.
3c 4C 39
29
וְר֣וּחַ לָבְשָׁ֗ה אֶת־עֲמָשַׂי֮ רֹ֣אשׁ הַשָּׁלִישִׁים֒ לְךָ֤ דָוִיד֙ וְעִמְּךָ֣ בֶן־יִשַׁ֔י שָׁל֨וֹם ׀ שָׁל֜וֹם לְךָ֗ וְשָׁלוֹם֙ לְעֹ֣זְרֶ֔ךָ כִּ֥י עֲזָרְךָ֖ אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
וַיְקַבְּלֵ֣ם דָּוִ֔יד וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֖ם בְּרָאשֵׁ֥י הַגְּדֽוּד
19 And spirit clothed Amasai, head of the adjutants, To you, David, and with you, the son of Jesse, wholly peace to you, and peace to your help. for your God helps you.
And David received them and he assigned them as the heads of the raiding party.
3e 4C 45
13
וּמִֽמְּנַשֶּׁ֞ה נָפְל֣וּ עַל־דָּוִ֗יד בְּבֹא֨וֹ עִם־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֧ים עַל־שָׁא֛וּל לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה וְלֹ֣א עֲזָרֻ֑ם
כִּ֣י בְעֵצָ֗ה שִׁלְּחֻ֜הוּ סַרְנֵ֤י פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר בְּרָאשֵׁ֕ינוּ יִפּ֖וֹל אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֥יו שָׁאֽוּל
20 And from Manasseh, there fell to David when he had come with Philistines against Saul to battle. But they had not helped them.
For in counsel, the chieftains of the Philistines sent him away, saying, On our heads he will fall, to his master, Saul.
3c 4C 27
26
בְּלֶכְתּ֣וֹ אֶל־צִֽיקְלַ֗ג נָפְל֣וּ עָלָ֣יו ׀ מִֽמְּנַשֶּׁ֡ה עַ֠דְנַח וְיוֹזָבָ֤ד וִידִֽיעֲאֵל֙ וּמִיכָאֵ֣ל וְיוֹזָבָ֔ד וֶאֱלִיה֖וּא וְצִלְּתָ֑י
רָאשֵׁ֥י הָאֲלָפִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִמְנַשֶּֽׁה
21 As he went to Tsiqlag, there fell to him from Manasseh, Adnax, and Jozebad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozebad, and Elihu, and Tsalti,
the heads of thousands that were of Manasseh.
3e 4C 38
11
וְהֵ֗מָּה עָזְר֤וּ עִם־דָּוִיד֙ עַֽל־הַגְּד֔וּד כִּֽי־גִבּ֥וֹרֵי חַ֖יִל כֻּלָּ֑ם
וַיִּהְי֥וּ שָׂרִ֖ים בַּצָּבָֽא
22 And they helped with David concerning the raiding party.
For valiant of ability were all of them, and they became chiefs in the host.
3e 4C 18
8
כִּ֚י לְעֶת־י֣וֹם בְּי֔וֹם יָבֹ֥אוּ עַל־דָּוִ֖יד לְעָזְר֑וֹ
עַד־לְמַחֲנֶ֥ה גָד֖וֹל כְּמַחֲנֵ֥ה אֱלֹהִֽים
23 C For in due time, day by day, they came over to David to help him,
until the army was great, as an army of God.
3e 4C 14
14
וְ֠אֵלֶּה מִסְפְּרֵ֞י רָאשֵׁ֤י הֶֽחָלוּץ֙ לַצָּבָ֔א בָּ֥אוּ עַל־דָּוִ֖יד חֶבְר֑וֹנָה
לְהָסֵ֞ב מַלְכ֥וּת שָׁא֛וּל אֵלָ֖יו כְּפִ֥י יְהוָֽה
24 ~ And these are the count of the gangs ready-armed for the host. They came to David toward Hebron,
to bring around the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the mandate of Yahweh.
3d 4C 22
13
בְּנֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֔ה נֹשְׂאֵ֥י צִנָּ֖ה וָרֹ֑מַח
שֵׁ֧שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֛ים וּשְׁמוֹנֶ֥ה מֵא֖וֹת חֲלוּצֵ֥י צָבָֽא
25 The children of Judah that bore grappling hook and lance,
were six thousand eight hundred, a ready-armed host.
3c 4B 12
15
מִן־בְּנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֗וֹן גִּבּ֤וֹרֵי חַ֙יִל֙ לַצָּבָ֔א שִׁבְעַ֥ת אֲלָפִ֖ים וּמֵאָֽה 26 From the children of Simeon, valiant of force to the host, seven thousand one hundred. 3e 4C 21
מִן־בְּנֵי֙ הַלֵּוִ֔י אַרְבַּ֥עַת אֲלָפִ֖ים וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת 27 From the children of the Levites, four thousand six hundred. 3e 3g 16
וִיהוֹיָדָ֖ע הַנָּגִ֣יד לְאַהֲרֹ֑ן
וְעִמּ֕וֹ שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֖ים וּשְׁבַ֥ע מֵאֽוֹת
28 And Jehoiada was the herald for Aaron,
and with him three thousand seven hundred.
3e 4B 11
13
וְצָד֥וֹק נַ֖עַר גִּבּ֣וֹר חָ֑יִל
וּבֵית־אָבִ֥יו שָׂרִ֖ים עֶשְׂרִ֥ים וּשְׁנָֽיִם
29 And Zadok a youth of valour and ability,
and the house of his father twenty two chiefs.
3e 4B 9
11
וּמִן־בְּנֵ֧י בִנְיָמִ֛ן אֲחֵ֥י שָׁא֖וּל שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֑ים
וְעַד־הֵ֙נָּה֙ מַרְבִּיתָ֔ם שֹׁמְרִ֕ים מִשְׁמֶ֖רֶת בֵּ֥ית שָׁאֽוּל
30 And from the children of Benjamin the kin of Saul, three thousand,
for till now, many of them kept the watch of the house of Saul.
3c 4B 17
15
וּמִן־בְּנֵ֣י אֶפְרַ֔יִם עֶשְׂרִ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף וּשְׁמוֹנֶ֣ה מֵא֑וֹת
גִּבּ֣וֹרֵי חַ֔יִל אַנְשֵׁ֥י שֵׁמ֖וֹת לְבֵ֥ית אֲבוֹתָֽם
31 And from the children of Ephraim, twenty thousand eight hundred,
valiant of ability, soldiers of reputation, for the house of their ancestors.
3e 4B 15
14
וּמֵחֲצִי֙ מַטֵּ֣ה מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה שְׁמוֹנָ֥ה עָשָׂ֖ר אָ֑לֶף
אֲשֶׁ֤ר נִקְּבוּ֙ בְּשֵׁמ֔וֹת לָב֖וֹא לְהַמְלִ֥יךְ אֶת־דָּוִֽיד
32 From the half branch of Manasseh, eighteen thousand,
that were drilled by name to come to make David king.
3e 4C 16
15
וּמִבְּנֵ֣י יִשָּׂשכָ֗ר יוֹדְעֵ֤י בִינָה֙ לַֽעִתִּ֔ים לָדַ֖עַת מַה־יַּעֲשֶׂ֣ה יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
רָאשֵׁיהֶ֣ם מָאתַ֔יִם וְכָל־אֲחֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־פִּיהֶֽם
33 And from the children of Issachar, those who know how to discern the times, to know what Israel ought to do.
Their heads, two hundred, and all their kin with their mandate.
3e 4C 23
13
מִזְּבֻל֞וּן יוֹצְאֵ֣י צָבָ֗א עֹרְכֵ֧י מִלְחָמָ֛ה בְּכָל־כְּלֵ֥י מִלְחָמָ֖ה חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים אָ֑לֶף
וְלַעֲדֹ֖ר בְּלֹא־לֵ֥ב וָלֵֽב
34 From Zebulun, a host going out arranged for battle with every instrument of battle, fifty thousand,
and for a troop not of doubtful heart.
3c 4B 24
9
וּמִנַּפְתָּלִ֖י שָׂרִ֣ים אָ֑לֶף
וְעִמָּהֶם֙ בְּצִנָּ֣ה וַחֲנִ֔ית שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים וְשִׁבְעָ֖ה אָֽלֶף
35 And of Naphtali, a thousand chiefs,
and with them with grappling hook and spear, thirty seven thousand.
3e 4B 9
18
וּמִן־הַדָּנִי֙ עֹרְכֵ֣י מִלְחָמָ֔ה עֶשְׂרִֽים־וּשְׁמוֹנָ֥ה אֶ֖לֶף וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת 36 And from the Danites, arranged for battle, twenty eight thousand six hundred. 3e 4B 21
וּמֵאָשֵׁ֗ר יוֹצְאֵ֥י צָבָ֛א לַעֲרֹ֥ךְ מִלְחָמָ֖ה אַרְבָּעִ֥ים אָֽלֶף 37 And from Asher, a host going out to arrange for battle, forty thousand. 3d 3g 19
וּמֵעֵ֣בֶר לַ֠יַּרְדֵּן מִן־הָראוּבֵנִ֨י וְהַגָּדִ֜י וַחֲצִ֣י ׀ שֵׁ֣בֶט מְנַשֶּׁ֗ה בְּכֹל֙ כְּלֵי֙ צְבָ֣א מִלְחָמָ֔ה מֵאָ֥ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֖ים אָֽלֶף 38 And from across Jordan, from the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half band of Manasseh, every instrument for the host of war, a hundred and twenty thousand. 3e 4B 40
כָּל־אֵ֜לֶּה אַנְשֵׁ֣י מִלְחָמָה֮ עֹדְרֵ֣י מַעֲרָכָה֒ בְּלֵבָ֤ב שָׁלֵם֙ בָּ֣אוּ חֶבְר֔וֹנָה לְהַמְלִ֥יךְ אֶת־דָּוִ֖יד עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְ֠גַם כָּל־שֵׁרִ֧ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל לֵ֥ב אֶחָ֖ד לְהַמְלִ֥יךְ אֶת־דָּוִֽיד
39 All these soldiers for battle, the troops ranked, with a whole heart they came toward Hebron, to make David king over all Israel.
So even all the physical power of Israel was of one heart to make David king.
3c 4C 35
17
וַיִּהְיוּ־שָׁ֤ם עִם־דָּוִיד֙ יָמִ֣ים שְׁלוֹשָׁ֔ה אֹכְלִ֖ים וְשׁוֹתִ֑ים
כִּֽי־הֵכִ֥ינוּ לָהֶ֖ם אֲחֵיהֶֽם
40 And they were there with David three days, eating and imbibing,
for their kin had prepared for them.
3e 4C 17
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וְגַ֣ם הַקְּרֽוֹבִים־אֲ֠לֵיהֶם עַד־יִשָׂשכָ֨ר וּזְבֻל֜וּן וְנַפְתָּלִ֗י מְבִיאִ֣ים לֶ֡חֶם בַּחֲמוֹרִ֣ים וּבַגְּמַלִּ֣ים וּבַפְּרָדִ֣ים ׀ וּֽבַבָּקָ֡ר מַאֲכָ֡ל קֶ֠מַח דְּבֵלִ֨ים וְצִמּוּקִ֧ים וְיַֽיִן־וְשֶׁ֛מֶן וּבָקָ֥ר וְצֹ֖אן לָרֹ֑ב
כִּ֥י שִׂמְחָ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
41 And also those near to them, to Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, food, flour, pressed lumps, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep for multitude,
for there was gladness in Israel.
3c 4B 65
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