Friday, September 14, 2018

Joshua 9

Verse 23. It was strange at first for me to see cut (כרת) used in the positive sense of release from something. Yet of course it can mean that even in English. My choices have been too constrained to allow me to find a synonym. I have already used release and free, and various forms of liberty seems too pretentious. May revisit this of course when various analyses are completed after the first reading.

Joshua 9 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י כִשְׁמֹ֣עַ כָּֽל־הַמְּלָכִ֡ים אֲשֶׁר֩ בְּעֵ֨בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּ֜ן בָּהָ֣ר וּבַשְּׁפֵלָ֗ה וּבְכֹל֙ ח֚וֹף הַיָּ֣ם הַגָּד֔וֹל אֶל־מ֖וּל הַלְּבָנ֑וֹן
הַֽחִתִּי֙ וְהָ֣אֱמֹרִ֔י הַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ הַפְּרִזִּ֔י הַחִוִּ֖י וְהַיְבוּסִֽי
1 And it happened when all the kings heard, that were across the Jordan, on the hill, and in a lowly place, and in all the ports of the great sea in the forefront of Lebanon,
the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite,
3e 4C 36
22
וַיִּֽתְקַבְּצ֣וּ יַחְדָּ֔ו לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם עִם־יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ וְעִם־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
פֶּ֖ה אֶחָֽד
2 That they collected themselves as one to fight with Joshua and with Israel,
one mandate.
3e 4B 20
3
וְיֹשְׁבֵ֨י גִבְע֜וֹן שָׁמְע֗וּ אֵת֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשָׂ֧ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ לִֽירִיח֖וֹ וְלָעָֽי 3 And the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Shambles. 3c 3g 22
וַיַּעֲשׂ֤וּ גַם־הֵ֙מָּה֙ בְּעָרְמָ֔ה וַיֵּלְכ֖וּ וַיִּצְטַיָּ֑רוּ
וַיִּקְח֞וּ שַׂקִּ֤ים בָּלִים֙ לַחֲמ֣וֹרֵיהֶ֔ם וְנֹאד֥וֹת יַ֙יִן֙ בָּלִ֔ים וּמְבֻקָּעִ֖ים וּמְצֹרָרִֽים
4 And they did also themselves with craftiness.
And they went and were diplomatic and took faded sacks for their asses, and wine bottles, worn out, and split, and bagged.
3e 4C 18
26
וּנְעָל֨וֹת בָּל֤וֹת וּמְטֻלָּאוֹת֙ בְּרַגְלֵיהֶ֔ם וּשְׂלָמ֥וֹת בָּל֖וֹת עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם
וְכֹל֙ לֶ֣חֶם צֵידָ֔ם יָבֵ֖שׁ הָיָ֥ה נִקֻּדִֽים
5 And worn out shoes and patchwork was around their feet, and apparel worn out over them,
and all the bread of their provender was dried up, speckled.
3e 4C 21
13
וַיֵּלְכ֧וּ אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה הַגִּלְגָּ֑ל
וַיֹּאמְר֨וּ אֵלָ֜יו וְאֶל־אִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל מֵאֶ֤רֶץ רְחוֹקָה֙ בָּ֔אנוּ וְעַתָּ֖ה כִּרְתוּ־לָ֥נוּ בְרִֽית
6 And they went to Joshua, to the camp at the Gilgal.
And they said to him, and to anyone of Israel, From a land far off we have come, and now, cut for us a covenant.
3c 4C 16
27
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶל־הַחִוִּ֑י
אוּלַ֗י בְּקִרְבִּי֙ אַתָּ֣ה יוֹשֵׁ֔ב וְאֵ֖יךְ אֶֽכְרָת־לְךָ֥ בְרִֽית
7 And each of Israel said to the Hivites,
Maybe near me you will settle, so how will I cut for you a covenant?
3e 4B 11
17
וַיֹּאמְר֥וּ אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ עֲבָדֶ֣יךָ אֲנָ֑חְנוּ
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֧ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ מִ֥י אַתֶּ֖ם וּמֵאַ֥יִן תָּבֹֽאוּ
8 And they said to Joshua, Your servants we are.
And Joshua said to them, Who are you? And where do you come from?
3c 4B 15
18
וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֗יו מֵאֶ֨רֶץ רְחוֹקָ֤ה מְאֹד֙ בָּ֣אוּ עֲבָדֶ֔יךָ לְשֵׁ֖ם יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
כִּֽי־שָׁמַ֣עְנוּ שָׁמְע֔וֹ וְאֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה בְּמִצְרָֽיִם
9 And they said to him, From a land very far off your servants have come to the name of Yahweh your God.
For we have heard his fame, and all that he did in Egypt.
3d 4C 27
16
וְאֵ֣ת ׀ כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֗ה לִשְׁנֵי֙ מַלְכֵ֣י הָאֱמֹרִ֔י אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּעֵ֣בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּ֑ן
לְסִיחוֹן֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ חֶשְׁבּ֔וֹן וּלְע֥וֹג מֶֽלֶךְ־הַבָּשָׁ֖ן אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּעַשְׁתָּרֽוֹת
10 And all that he had done to the two kings of the Amorites that were across the Jordan,
to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, that were in Ashtaroth.
3e 4B 23
20
וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ אֵלֵ֡ינוּ זְֽקֵינֵינוּ֩ וְכָל־יֹשְׁבֵ֨י אַרְצֵ֜נוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר קְח֨וּ בְיֶדְכֶ֤ם צֵידָה֙ לַדֶּ֔רֶךְ וּלְכ֖וּ לִקְרָאתָ֑ם
וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֤ם אֲלֵיהֶם֙ עַבְדֵיכֶ֣ם אֲנַ֔חְנוּ וְעַתָּ֖ה כִּרְתוּ־לָ֥נוּ בְרִֽית
11 And our elders and all the inhabitants of our land said to us, saying, Take in your hand provender for the journey, and go to encounter them.
And you say to them, Your servants we are, and now cut for us a covenant.
3e 4C 34
21
זֶ֣ה ׀ לַחְמֵ֗נוּ חָ֞ם הִצְטַיַּ֤דְנוּ אֹתוֹ֙ מִבָּ֣תֵּ֔ינוּ בְּי֥וֹם צֵאתֵ֖נוּ לָלֶ֣כֶת אֲלֵיכֶ֑ם
וְעַתָּה֙ הִנֵּ֣ה יָבֵ֔שׁ וְהָיָ֖ה נִקֻּדִֽים
12 B This for our bread, it was hot as our provender from our houses on the day we came forth to come to you.
And now, behold, dried up, and it is speckled.
3e 4C 26
13
וְאֵ֨לֶּה נֹאד֤וֹת הַיַּ֙יִן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר מִלֵּ֣אנוּ חֲדָשִׁ֔ים וְהִנֵּ֖ה הִתְבַּקָּ֑עוּ
וְאֵ֤לֶּה שַׂלְמוֹתֵ֙ינוּ֙ וּנְעָלֵ֔ינוּ בָּל֕וּ מֵרֹ֥ב הַדֶּ֖רֶךְ מְאֹֽד
13 And these, the bottles of wine that we filled, were new, and behold they are split.
And these, our apparel and our shoes, worn out from the very excessive journey.
3e 4C 22
20
וַיִּקְח֥וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֖ים מִצֵּידָ֑ם
וְאֶת־פִּ֥י יְהוָ֖ה לֹ֥א שָׁאָֽלוּ
14 And the men took of their provender,
and the mandate of Yahweh they did not ask.
3e 4A 10
9
וַיַּ֨עַשׂ לָהֶ֤ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ שָׁל֔וֹם וַיִּכְרֹ֥ת לָהֶ֛ם בְּרִ֖ית לְחַיּוֹתָ֑ם
וַיִּשָּׁבְע֣וּ לָהֶ֔ם נְשִׂיאֵ֖י הָעֵדָֽה
15 And Joshua made peace with them, and cut for them a covenant to let them live,
and the principals of the assembly swore to them.
3d 4C 22
12
וַיְהִ֗י מִקְצֵה֙ שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֔ים אַחֲרֵ֕י אֲשֶׁר־כָּרְת֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם בְּרִ֑ית
וַֽיִּשְׁמְע֗וּ כִּי־קְרֹבִ֥ים הֵם֙ אֵלָ֔יו וּבְקִרְבּ֖וֹ הֵ֥ם יֹשְׁבִֽים
16 And it happened at the culmination of three days, after they had cut for them a covenant,
that they heard that they were nearby and they inhabited nearby.
3e 4B 20
17
וַיִּסְע֣וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וַיָּבֹ֛אוּ אֶל־עָרֵיהֶ֖ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י
וְעָרֵיהֶם֙ גִּבְע֣וֹן וְהַכְּפִירָ֔ה וּבְאֵר֖וֹת וְקִרְיַ֥ת יְעָרִֽים
17 And the children of Israel pulled out and they came to their cities on the third day.
And their cities were Gibeon, and Kepyrah, and Beeroth, and Qiryath-Yearim.
3d 4B 20
19
וְלֹ֤א הִכּוּם֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כִּֽי־נִשְׁבְּע֤וּ לָהֶם֙ נְשִׂיאֵ֣י הָֽעֵדָ֔ה בַּֽיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּלֹּ֥נוּ כָל־הָעֵדָ֖ה עַל־הַנְּשִׂיאִֽים
18 And the children of Israel did not strike them, for to them the principals of the assembly had sworn in Yahweh, the God of Israel.
But they were grumbling, all the assembly, against the principals.
3e 4C 29
12
וַיֹּאמְר֤וּ כָל־הַנְּשִׂיאִים֙ אֶל־כָּל־הָ֣עֵדָ֔ה אֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ נִשְׁבַּ֣עְנוּ לָהֶ֔ם בַּֽיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְעַתָּ֕ה לֹ֥א נוּכַ֖ל לִנְגֹּ֥עַ בָּהֶֽם
19 And all the principals said to all the assembly, We ourselves have sworn to them in Yahweh the God of Israel.
So now we are not able to touch them.
3e 4C 28
11
זֹ֛את נַעֲשֶׂ֥ה לָהֶ֖ם וְהַחֲיֵ֣ה אוֹתָ֑ם
וְלֹֽא־יִֽהְיֶ֤ה עָלֵ֙ינוּ֙ קֶ֔צֶף עַל־הַשְּׁבוּעָ֖ה אֲשֶׁר־נִשְׁבַּ֥עְנוּ לָהֶֽם
20 d This will we do to them. we will let them live.
And there will not be rage over us concerning the oath, for we have sworn to them.
3d 4C 12
20
וַיֹּאמְר֧וּ אֲלֵיהֶ֛ם הַנְּשִׂיאִ֖ים יִֽחְי֑וּ
וַ֠יִּֽהְיוּ חֹטְבֵ֨י עֵצִ֤ים וְשֹֽׁאֲבֵי־מַ֙יִם֙ לְכָל־הָ֣עֵדָ֔ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבְּר֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם הַנְּשִׂיאִֽים
21 And the principals said to them, Let live,
and they will be dressers of trees and drawers of water for all the assembly, as the principals spoke to them.
3c 4C 11
26
וַיִּקְרָ֤א לָהֶם֙ יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר
לָמָּה֩ רִמִּיתֶ֨ם אֹתָ֜נוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר רְחוֹקִ֨ים אֲנַ֤חְנוּ מִכֶּם֙ מְאֹ֔ד וְאַתֶּ֖ם בְּקִרְבֵּ֥נוּ יֹשְׁבִֽים
22 And Joshua called them and he spoke to them, saying,
Why did you deceive us, saying, we are very far off from you, but you inhabit among us?
3e 4C 17
29
וְעַתָּ֖ה אֲרוּרִ֣ים אַתֶּ֑ם
וְלֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֨ת מִכֶּ֜ם עֶ֗בֶד וְחֹטְבֵ֥י עֵצִ֛ים וְשֹֽׁאֲבֵי־מַ֖יִם לְבֵ֥ית אֱלֹהָֽי
23 And now you are cursed.
And none of you will be cut off from service, and dressers of trees, and drawers of water for the house of my God.
3d 4B 8
22
וַיַּעֲנ֨וּ אֶת־יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ כִּי֩ הֻגֵּ֨ד הֻגַּ֤ד לַעֲבָדֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵת֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֜ה יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֣ה עַבְדּ֔וֹ לָתֵ֤ת לָכֶם֙ אֶת־כָּל־הָאָ֔רֶץ וּלְהַשְׁמִ֛יד אֶת־כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵ֥י הָאָ֖רֶץ מִפְּנֵיכֶ֑ם
וַנִּירָ֨א מְאֹ֤ד לְנַפְשֹׁתֵ֙ינוּ֙ מִפְּנֵיכֶ֔ם וַֽנַּעֲשֵׂ֖ה אֶת־הַדָּבָ֥ר הַזֶּֽה
24 And they answered Joshua and said, Because it has been evident to your servants that Yahweh your God commanded Moses his servant to give to you all the land, and to exterminate all the inhabitants of the land before you,
and we were very fearful for our integrity before you, so we have done this thing.
3d 4C 60
23
וְעַתָּ֖ה הִנְנ֣וּ בְיָדֶ֑ךָ
כַּטּ֨וֹב וְכַיָּשָׁ֧ר בְּעֵינֶ֛יךָ לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת לָ֖נוּ עֲשֵֽׂה
25 And now behold us in your hand.
What seems good and upright in your eyes to do to us, do.
3c 4B 9
17
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ לָהֶ֖ם כֵּ֑ן
וַיַּצֵּ֥ל אוֹתָ֛ם מִיַּ֥ד בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וְלֹ֥א הֲרָגֽוּם
26 And so he did for them,
and delivered them from the hand of the children of Israel and they did not slay them.
3d 4A 6
17
וַיִּתְּנֵ֨ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא חֹטְבֵ֥י עֵצִ֛ים וְשֹׁ֥אֲבֵי מַ֖יִם לָֽעֵדָ֑ה
וּלְמִזְבַּ֤ח יְהוָה֙ עַד־הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה אֶל־הַמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִבְחָֽר
27 And Joshua assigned them in that day, dressers of trees and drawers of water for the assembly,
and for the altar of Yahweh, until this day, at the place where he will choose.
3d 4C 22
18