Monday, August 20, 2018

Ezra 6

There are 35 pages in the section of my Hebrew-Latin concordance for Aramaic. Aramaic words are largely confined to a few verses, Daniel 2.4 to 7.28, Ezra 4.8 to 6.18, 7.12 to 7.26 and Jeremiah 10.10. It is a very small sample with which to decode a language. The Hebrew section is 1,312 pages, 37 times larger than the Aramaic lists. Sometimes I have a separate stem for each element in the language and sometimes I let the stem be the Hebrew one, because the two are so close. No information is lost since the word form is so clearly different between the two languages.

The stem (AKA lemma form) is like a sounds-like categorization of the data and is usually derivable from the word form. (Some word forms are ambiguous.) I don't yet have a transparent design or consistent decision for this overlap from a data point of view. This is a decision I can delay without cost. And for now the result is invisible, until I publish a full glossary.

(The Names section of the concordance is 200 pages. What fun, I could check through all the names at one go (no thanks) ... - if only this concordance was in a database instead of a book!)

In this chapter you will note:
The term for lamb אמרין occurs only in the plural in Aramaic. Otherwise the stem אמר is the usual say, etc. What is a lamb that it should be so?

The term for ram דכר, has an apparently related term דכרונה, memoria, but דכרונה is related to the Hebrew זכר remember. ז zayin and ד daleth indicate a difference in pronunciation between the two languages. Both letters could easily morph aurally and they are not that different visually. דכר is related to זכר as male. Recall that the Hebrew stem זכר has these two quite distinct homonyms.

The Aramaic פלק (stream in Hebrew) not equivalent to חלג (divide, division 75 times) in Hebrew. Both stems are used in verse 18 so I must distinguish them. I ended up reversing the usage of KJV which confuses the two stems in its usage.

Note the repetition of  אספרנא promptly, from chapter 5. I have removed the synonym fast. I find that misleading. The repetition of the word used by the enemies of the temple must be repeated in the king's edict for them to get the point. Who is in charge? Can the gangs make errors? Is the king benevolent? What difficult questions. No difference today.

Artaxerxes is spelled two different ways in the Hebrew shin-shin and shin-sin. I have let the clearly common stem use shin-sin. The name transliterates into Artaxshasta. Perhaps this is a possible source for a character in the Narnia Chronicles.

Just this once I have allowed the sense of appeasement in the sacrificial cult word נוח since the words are uttered by a foreigner concerning the God who is in Jerusalem, and the primitive sense of such intercession is not out of character. (It may be in character for the Hebrews as well, but in my bias, it should not be for us. The testimony to the character of Yahweh is of love, care, and kindness. Such a God does not punish and does not need appeasing, though you could read it into my usage of restful for נוח, the relevant stem. Perfect love casts out fear.)

Part of this awkward journey is finding language that can be shared between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, not to mention the other great traditions of the world where love, care, and kindness are not in short supply. All such things are compromised by the will to power, exploitation, and advantage. Heathen is a gloss reflecting superiority that I have never needed. What the people and priests cleanse themselves from here is not the impurity of other nations, but their own impurity in their own promised land. The icon of the promised land is part of the bootstrap of life.

Ezra 6 Fn Min Max Syll
בֵּאדַ֛יִן דָּרְיָ֥וֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֖א שָׂ֣ם טְעֵ֑ם
וּבַקַּ֣רוּ ׀ בְּבֵ֣ית סִפְרַיָּ֗א דִּ֧י גִנְזַיָּ֛א מְהַחֲתִ֥ין תַּמָּ֖ה בְּבָבֶֽל
1 Then Darius the king set a warrant,
and they enquired in the house of the records where the depositories were stowed in Babel.
3c 4B 10
וְהִשְׁתְּכַ֣ח בְּאַחְמְתָ֗א בְּבִֽירְתָ֛א דִּ֛י בְּמָדַ֥י מְדִינְתָּ֖ה מְגִלָּ֣ה חֲדָ֑ה
וְכֵן־כְּתִ֥יב בְּגַוַּ֖הּ דִּכְרוֹנָֽה
2 And there was found in Axmetha, in the castle that is in the Medean province, one roll,
and written thus within it, an archive.
3d 4B 23
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת חֲדָ֜ה לְכ֣וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֗א כּ֣וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּא֮ שָׂ֣ם טְעֵם֒ בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֤א בִֽירוּשְׁלֶם֙ בַּיְתָ֣א יִתְבְּנֵ֔א אֲתַר֙ דִּֽי־דָבְחִ֣ין דִּבְחִ֔ין וְאֻשּׁ֖וֹהִי מְסֽוֹבְלִ֑ין
רוּמֵהּ֙ אַמִּ֣ין שִׁתִּ֔ין פְּתָיֵ֖הּ אַמִּ֥ין שִׁתִּֽין
3 In the first year of Cyrus, the king, Cyrus the king set a warrant of the house of God in Jerusalem. Let the house be built, the place where they sacrifice sacrifices. Let the foundations bear a burden,
altitude sixty cubits, width sixty cubits,
3e 4C 42
נִדְבָּכִ֞ין דִּי־אֶ֤בֶן גְּלָל֙ תְּלָתָ֔א וְנִדְבָּ֖ךְ דִּי־אָ֣ע חֲדַ֑ת
וְנִ֨פְקְתָ֔א מִן־בֵּ֥ית מַלְכָּ֖א תִּתְיְהִֽב
4 Three layers of rolling stone, and a layer of new timber,
and let the outlay be provided from the house of the king.
3e 4C 17
וְ֠אַף מָאנֵ֣י בֵית־אֱלָהָא֮ דִּ֣י דַהֲבָ֣ה וְכַסְפָּא֒ דִּ֣י נְבֽוּכַדְנֶצַּ֗ר הַנְפֵּ֛ק מִן־הֵיכְלָ֥א דִי־בִירוּשְׁלֶ֖ם וְהֵיבֵ֣ל לְבָבֶ֑ל
יַהֲתִיב֗וּן וִ֠יהָךְ לְהֵיכְלָ֤א דִי־בִירֽוּשְׁלֶם֙ לְאַתְרֵ֔הּ וְתַחֵ֖ת בְּבֵ֥ית אֱלָהָֽא
5 ~ And also the vessels of the house of God, of gold and silver, that Nebuchadnezzar had appropriated from the temple that was in Jerusalem, and had escorted to Babel,
let them be returned and come to the temple that is in Jerusalem, to be placed and stowed in the house of God.
3d 4C 35
כְּעַ֡ן תַּ֠תְּנַי פַּחַ֨ת עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֜ה שְׁתַ֤ר בּוֹזְנַי֙ וּכְנָוָ֣תְה֔וֹן אֲפַרְסְכָיֵ֔א דִּ֖י בַּעֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֑ה
רַחִיקִ֥ין הֲו֖וֹ מִן־תַּמָּֽה
6 Now Tatnaii, viceroy of beyond the river, Shetar Bozni and their confederates, the Apharsachites, who were across the river,
distant you will be from there.
3e 4C 31
שְׁבֻ֕קוּ לַעֲבִידַ֖ת בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֣א דֵ֑ךְ
פַּחַ֤ת יְהוּדָיֵא֙ וּלְשָׂבֵ֣י יְהוּדָיֵ֔א בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֥א דֵ֖ךְ יִבְנ֥וֹן עַל־אַתְרֵֽהּ
7 You leave the fabrication of this house of God.
Let the viceroy of the Judeans and the grey-haired of the Judeans build the this house of God in its place.
3e 4C 12
וּמִנִּי֮ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵם֒ לְמָ֣א דִֽי־תַֽעַבְד֗וּן עִם־שָׂבֵ֤י יְהוּדָיֵא֙ אִלֵּ֔ךְ לְמִבְנֵ֖א בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֣א דֵ֑ךְ
וּמִנִּכְסֵ֣י מַלְכָּ֗א דִּ֚י מִדַּת֙ עֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֔ה אָסְפַּ֗רְנָא נִפְקְתָ֛א תֶּהֱוֵ֧א מִֽתְיַהֲבָ֛א לְגֻבְרַיָּ֥א אִלֵּ֖ךְ דִּי־לָ֥א לְבַטָּלָֽא
8 And from me a warrant is set for how you will serve with the grey-haired of the these Judeans to build this house of God.
And from the material wealth of the king, that is, from the levy from beyond the river, promptly, the outlay will be provided to these men of valour, that they be not stopped.
3c 4C 28
וּמָ֣ה חַשְׁחָ֡ן וּבְנֵ֣י תוֹרִ֣ין וְדִכְרִ֣ין וְאִמְּרִ֣ין ׀ לַעֲלָוָ֣ן ׀ לֶאֱלָ֪הּ שְׁמַיָּ֟א חִנְטִ֞ין מְלַ֣ח ׀ חֲמַ֣ר וּמְשַׁ֗ח כְּמֵאמַ֨ר כָּהֲנַיָּ֤א דִי־בִירֽוּשְׁלֶם֙ לֶהֱוֵ֨א מִתְיְהֵ֥ב לְהֹ֛ם י֥וֹם ׀ בְּי֖וֹם דִּי־לָ֥א שָׁלֽוּ 9 And what must be in readiness of the male foals of bullocks and rams and lambs for the burnt offerings of the God of the heavens, wheat, salt, red wine, and oil, as is indicated by the priests that are in Jerusalem,
let it be provided to them day by day without neglect.
3d 4C 56
דִּֽי־לֶהֱוֺ֧ן מְהַקְרְבִ֛ין נִיחוֹחִ֖ין לֶאֱלָ֣הּ שְׁמַיָּ֑א
וּמְצַלַּ֕יִן לְחַיֵּ֥י מַלְכָּ֖א וּבְנֽוֹהִי
10 That they may make appeasing oblations to the God of the heavens,
and intercede for the life of the king and his children.
3c 4B 16
וּמִנִּי֮ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵם֒ דִּ֣י כָל־אֱנָ֗שׁ דִּ֤י יְהַשְׁנֵא֙ פִּתְגָמָ֣א דְנָ֔ה יִתְנְסַ֥ח אָע֙ מִן־בַּיְתֵ֔הּ וּזְקִ֖יף יִתְמְחֵ֣א עֲלֹ֑הִי
וּבַיְתֵ֛הּ נְוָל֥וּ יִתְעֲבֵ֖ד עַל־דְּנָֽה
11 From me is set a warrant that any mortal that would revise this edict, let timber be extirpated from his house and being uplifted, let him be impaled on it,
and let his house serve as a dunghill over this.
3d 4C 34
וֵֽאלָהָ֞א דִּ֣י שַׁכִּ֧ן שְׁמֵ֣הּ תַּמָּ֗ה יְמַגַּ֞ר כָּל־מֶ֤לֶךְ וְעַם֙ דִּ֣י ׀ יִשְׁלַ֣ח יְדֵ֗הּ לְהַשְׁנָיָ֛ה לְחַבָּלָ֛ה בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֥א דֵ֖ךְ דִּ֣י בִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
אֲנָ֤ה דָרְיָ֙וֶשׁ֙ שָׂ֣מֶת טְעֵ֔ם אָסְפַּ֖רְנָא יִתְעֲבִֽד
12 And the God that made his name dwell there heave every king or people that would extend its hand to revise, to hurt this house of God that is in Jerusalem.
I Darius have set up a warrant. Promptly, let it be served.
3c 4C 40
אֱ֠דַיִן תַּתְּנַ֞י פַּחַ֧ת עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֛ה שְׁתַ֥ר בּוֹזְנַ֖י וּכְנָוָתְה֑וֹן
לָקֳבֵ֗ל דִּֽי־שְׁלַ֞ח דָּרְיָ֧וֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֛א כְּנֵ֖מָא אָסְפַּ֥רְנָא עֲבַֽדוּ
13 ~ Then Tatnaii, viceroy of beyond the river, Shetar Bozni, and their confederates,
because of what Darius the king sent, likewise promptly, they served.
3c 4A 19
וְשָׂבֵ֤י יְהוּדָיֵא֙ בָּנַ֣יִן וּמַצְלְחִ֔ין בִּנְבוּאַת֙ חַגַּ֣י נְבִיָּ֔א וּזְכַרְיָ֖ה בַּר־עִדּ֑וֹא
וּבְנ֣וֹ וְשַׁכְלִ֗לוּ מִן־טַ֙עַם֙ אֱלָ֣הּ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וּמִטְּעֵם֙ כּ֣וֹרֶשׁ וְדָרְיָ֔וֶשׁ וְאַרְתַּחְשַׁ֖שְׂתְּא מֶ֥לֶךְ פָּרָֽס
14 And the grey-haired of the Judeans built. And they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo.
And they built and they consolidated from the warrant of the God of Israel, and from the warrant of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.
3e 4C 27
וְשֵׁיצִיא֙ בַּיְתָ֣ה דְנָ֔ה עַ֛ד י֥וֹם תְּלָתָ֖ה לִירַ֣ח אֲדָ֑ר
דִּי־הִ֣יא שְׁנַת־שֵׁ֔ת לְמַלְכ֖וּת דָּרְיָ֥וֶשׁ מַלְכָּֽא
15 And this house emerged on the third day of the moon Adar.
This was year six of the reign of Darius the king.
3d 4B 16
וַעֲבַ֣דוּ בְנֵֽי־יִ֠שְׂרָאֵל כָּהֲנַיָּ֨א וְלֵוָיֵ֜א וּשְׁאָ֣ר בְּנֵי־גָלוּתָ֗א חֲנֻכַּ֛ת בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֥א דְנָ֖ה בְּחֶדְוָֽה 16 And the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites, and the residue of the children of the exiles, served the dedication of this house of God with cheer. 3d 4B 35
וְהַקְרִ֗בוּ לַחֲנֻכַּת֮ בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֣א דְנָה֒ תּוֹרִ֣ין מְאָ֔ה דִּכְרִ֣ין מָאתַ֔יִן אִמְּרִ֖ין אַרְבַּ֣ע מְאָ֑ה
וּצְפִירֵ֨י עִזִּ֜ין לְחַטָּאָ֤ה עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ תְּרֵֽי־עֲשַׂ֔ר לְמִנְיָ֖ן שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And they made oblation to dedicate this house of God, bullocks a hundred, rams two hundred, lambs four hundred,
and he-goats of she-goats, for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve, for the number of the sceptres of Israel.
3e 4C 28
וַהֲקִ֨ימוּ כָהֲנַיָּ֜א בִּפְלֻגָּתְה֗וֹן וְלֵוָיֵא֙ בְּמַחְלְקָ֣תְה֔וֹן עַל־עֲבִידַ֥ת אֱלָהָ֖א דִּ֣י בִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
כִּכְתָ֖ב סְפַ֥ר מֹשֶֽׁה
18 And they placed the priests in their courses, and the Levites in their divisions, over the administration of the God that is in Jerusalem,
as written in the record of Moses.
3e 4B 32
וַיַּעֲשׂ֥וּ בְנֵי־הַגּוֹלָ֖ה אֶת־הַפָּ֑סַח
בְּאַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָׂ֖ר לַחֹ֥דֶשׁ הָרִאשֽׁוֹן
19 And the children of the exiled did the Passover,
on the fourteenth of the first month.
3e 4A 12
כִּ֣י הִֽטַּהֲר֞וּ הַכֹּהֲנִ֧ים וְהַלְוִיִּ֛ם כְּאֶחָ֖ד כֻּלָּ֣ם טְהוֹרִ֑ים
וַיִּשְׁחֲט֤וּ הַפֶּ֙סַח֙ לְכָל־בְּנֵ֣י הַגּוֹלָ֔ה וְלַאֲחֵיהֶ֥ם הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים וְלָהֶֽם
20 B For the priests and the Levites had cleansed themselves as one. All of them were clean.
And they butchered the Passover for all the children of the exiled, and for their kin, the priests, and for themselves.
3c 4C 21
וַיֹּאכְל֣וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל הַשָּׁבִים֙ מֵֽהַגּוֹלָ֔ה וְכֹ֗ל הַנִּבְדָּ֛ל מִטֻּמְאַ֥ת גּוֹיֵֽ־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲלֵהֶ֑ם
לִדְרֹ֕שׁ לַֽיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
21 And the children of Israel ate, who had returned from exile, and all who were differentiated from the national defilement of the land against them,
to search out to Yahweh the God of Israel.
3d 4B 30
וַיַּֽעֲשׂ֧וּ חַג־מַצּ֛וֹת שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים בְּשִׂמְחָ֑ה
כִּ֣י ׀ שִׂמְּחָ֣ם יְהוָ֗ה וְֽהֵסֵ֞ב לֵ֤ב מֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר֙ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם לְחַזֵּ֣ק יְדֵיהֶ֔ם בִּמְלֶ֥אכֶת בֵּית־הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
22 And they made the feast of unleavened bread, seven days with gladness,
for Yahweh had made them glad, and had turned round the heart of the king of Ashur concerning them, to make their hands resolute in the lines of work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
3c 4C 14

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