Saturday, August 11, 2018

1 Kings 17

The thin wafer צפחת of oil? What is it? Thin wafer is like the manna. Maybe it was a tiny amount in a big keg. But if I write keg, we might think of beer or a steak dinner! If I write wafer, you will be brought up short and won't take the word for granted. Here's where it is used. A relatively rare word.
Exodus 
כצפיחת like thin wafersExo 16:31 ,
1 Samuel 
צפחת the thin wafer of1Sa 26:11 , 1Sa 26:12 , 1Sa 26:16 ,
1 Kings 
בצפחת in a thin wafer1 Kings 17:12,
וצפחת and a thin wafer of1 Kings 17:14 , 1 Kings 17:16 , 1 Kings 19:6 ,

The woman;s question in verse 18 is apt for us. What have we to do with the word of God but to see our sin and worry about our children! Elijah's answer is not magical but realistic. A proper complaint face to face, like the psalms. There's no one word to distinguish this. It's an honest question.

In KJV, if a human hears with the voice of God, it gets rendered as obey, but if God hears with the voice of a human, it gets rendered as heard? O well. I used obey for יקה. So I use hear with voice when שׁמע is followed by בקול.

1 Kings 17 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ אֵלִיָּ֨הוּ הַתִּשְׁבִּ֜י מִתֹּשָׁבֵ֣י גִלְעָד֮ אֶל־אַחְאָב֒ חַי־יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָמַ֣דְתִּי לְפָנָ֔יו אִם־יִהְיֶ֛ה הַשָּׁנִ֥ים הָאֵ֖לֶּה טַ֣ל וּמָטָ֑ר
כִּ֖י אִם־לְפִ֥י דְבָרִֽי
1 And Elijah the Tishbite from the inhabitants of Gilead said to Ahab, As Yahweh lives, the God of Israel before whom I stand, there will not be dew or rain these years,
except by the mandate of my words.
3d 4C 50
7
וַיְהִ֥י דְבַר־יְהוָ֖ה אֵלָ֥יו לֵאמֹֽר 2 And the word of Yahweh happened to him, saying, 3e 3g 10
לֵ֣ךְ מִזֶּ֔ה וּפָנִ֥יתָ לְּךָ֖ קֵ֑דְמָה
וְנִסְתַּרְתָּ֙ בְּנַ֣חַל כְּרִ֔ית אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַיַּרְדֵּֽן
3 B Go from this, and face yourself eastward,
and hide in the wadi Kerit that is over before the Jordan.
3e 4B 11
17
וְהָיָ֖ה מֵהַנַּ֣חַל תִּשְׁתֶּ֑ה
וְאֶת־הָעֹרְבִ֣ים צִוִּ֔יתִי לְכַלְכֶּלְךָ֖ שָֽׁם
4 And it will be from the wadi that you will imbibe.
And the ravens I have commanded to nourish you there.
3e 4B 9
13
וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ וַיַּ֖עַשׂ כִּדְבַ֣ר יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֵּ֗לֶךְ וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ בְּנַ֣חַל כְּרִ֔ית אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הַיַּרְדֵּֽן
5 And he went and he did according to the word of Yahweh.
And he went and settled in the wadi Kerit, that is over before the Jordan.
3e 4B 10
19
וְהָעֹרְבִ֗ים מְבִיאִ֨ים ל֜וֹ לֶ֤חֶם וּבָשָׂר֙ בַּבֹּ֔קֶר וְלֶ֥חֶם וּבָשָׂ֖ר בָּעָ֑רֶב
וּמִן־הַנַּ֖חַל יִשְׁתֶּֽה
6 And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening,
and from the wadi, he imbibed.
3e 4C 25
7
וַיְהִ֛י מִקֵּ֥ץ יָמִ֖ים וַיִּיבַ֣שׁ הַנָּ֑חַל
כִּ֛י לֹֽא־הָיָ֥ה גֶ֖שֶׁם בָּאָֽרֶץ
7 And it happened at the end of days, that the wadi dried up,
for there were no showers in the land.
3d 4B 12
8
וַיְהִ֥י דְבַר־יְהוָ֖ה אֵלָ֥יו לֵאמֹֽר 8 And the word of Yahweh happened to him, saying, 3e 3g 10
ק֣וּם לֵ֤ךְ צָרְפַ֙תָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְצִיד֔וֹן וְיָשַׁבְתָּ֖ שָׁ֑ם
הִנֵּ֨ה צִוִּ֥יתִי שָׁ֛ם אִשָּׁ֥ה אַלְמָנָ֖ה לְכַלְכְּלֶֽךָ
9 B Arise. Walk to Tsareptah that is Sidon's, and settle there.
Behold, I have commanded there a widow woman to nourish you.
3d 4C 15
16
וַיָּ֣קָם ׀ וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ צָרְפַ֗תָה וַיָּבֹא֙ אֶל־פֶּ֣תַח הָעִ֔יר וְהִנֵּֽה־שָׁ֛ם אִשָּׁ֥ה אַלְמָנָ֖ה מְקֹשֶׁ֣שֶׁת עֵצִ֑ים
וַיִּקְרָ֤א אֵלֶ֙יהָ֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר קְחִי־נָ֨א לִ֧י מְעַט־מַ֛יִם בַּכְּלִ֖י וְאֶשְׁתֶּֽה
10 And he arose and he walked to Tsareptah, and he came to the door of the city, and behold, there a widow woman raking together wood.
And he called to her, and he said, Get me, please, a little water in a vessel that I may imbibe.
3c 4C 32
20
וַתֵּ֖לֶךְ לָקַ֑חַת
וַיִּקְרָ֤א אֵלֶ֙יהָ֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר לִֽקְחִי־נָ֥א לִ֛י פַּת־לֶ֖חֶם בְּיָדֵֽךְ
11 And she went to get it.
And he called to her, and he said, Get me, please, a fragment of bread in your hand.
3d 4C 6
18
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר חַי־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אִם־יֶשׁ־לִ֣י מָע֔וֹג כִּ֣י אִם־מְלֹ֤א כַף־קֶ֙מַח֙ בַּכַּ֔ד וּמְעַט־שֶׁ֖מֶן בַּצַּפָּ֑חַת
וְהִנְנִ֨י מְקֹשֶׁ֜שֶׁת שְׁנַ֣יִם עֵצִ֗ים וּבָ֙אתִי֙ וַעֲשִׂיתִ֙יהוּ֙ לִ֣י וְלִבְנִ֔י וַאֲכַלְנֻ֖הוּ וָמָֽתְנוּ
12 And she said, As Yahweh your God lives, There is for me nothing seethed, but rather a full palm of flour in a pitcher, and a little oil in a thin wafer.
And behold me raking together two bits of wood, that I may go in and make it for me and for my child. And we will eat it, then we will die.
3e 4C 33
31
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֵלֶ֤יהָ אֵלִיָּ֙הוּ֙ אַל־תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י בֹּ֖אִי עֲשִׂ֣י כִדְבָרֵ֑ךְ
אַ֣ךְ עֲשִׂי־לִ֣י מִ֠שָּׁם עֻגָ֨ה קְטַנָּ֤ה בָרִאשֹׁנָה֙ וְהוֹצֵ֣אתְ לִ֔י וְלָ֣ךְ וְלִבְנֵ֔ךְ תַּעֲשִׂ֖י בָּאַחֲרֹנָֽה
13 But Elijah said to her, Have no fear. Go and do according to your word.
But make for me from there a wee pancake first to bring out to me. And for you and for your child, make afterwards.
3e 4C 20
32
כִּ֣י כֹה֩ אָמַ֨ר יְהוָ֜ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל כַּ֤ד הַקֶּ֙מַח֙ לֹ֣א תִכְלָ֔ה וְצַפַּ֥חַת הַשֶּׁ֖מֶן לֹ֣א תֶחְסָ֑ר
עַ֠ד י֧וֹם תֵּת־יְהוָ֛ה גֶּ֖שֶׁם עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הָאֲדָמָֽה
14 B For thus says Yahweh the God of Israel, The pitcher of flour you will not finish, and a thin wafer of oil, you will lack not for,
until the day Yahweh gives showers over the face of the ground.
3c 4C 29
14
וַתֵּ֥לֶךְ וַתַּעֲשֶׂ֖ה כִּדְבַ֣ר אֵלִיָּ֑הוּ
וַתֹּ֧אכַל הִֽיא־וָה֛וּא וּבֵיתָ֖הּ יָמִֽים
15 And she went and did as Elijah had spoken.
And she ate, and he, and her house for days.
3c 4B 13
11
כַּ֤ד הַקֶּ֙מַח֙ לֹ֣א כָלָ֔תָה וְצַפַּ֥חַת הַשֶּׁ֖מֶן לֹ֣א חָסֵ֑ר
כִּדְבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֶּ֖ר בְּיַ֥ד אֵלִיָּֽהוּ
16 C The pitcher of flour was not finished, and a thin wafer of oil was not lacking,
according to the word of Yahweh who spoke by the hand of Elijah.
3e 4C 18
14
וַיְהִ֗י אַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה חָלָ֕ה בֶּן־הָאִשָּׁ֖ה בַּעֲלַ֣ת הַבָּ֑יִת
וַיְהִ֤י חָלְיוֹ֙ חָזָ֣ק מְאֹ֔ד עַ֛ד אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־נֽוֹתְרָה־בּ֖וֹ נְשָׁמָֽה
17 And it was following these things the child of the woman, the owner of the house, was ill,
and his illness was very resolute, till there was left in him, no breath.
3d 4C 22
18
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־אֵ֣לִיָּ֔הוּ מַה־לִּ֥י וָלָ֖ךְ אִ֣ישׁ הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
בָּ֧אתָ אֵלַ֛י לְהַזְכִּ֥יר אֶת־עֲוֺנִ֖י וּלְהָמִ֥ית אֶת־בְּנִֽי
18 And she said to Elijah, What have I to do with you, O man of God?
You come to me to remember my iniquity, and to render lifeless my child.
3c 4B 17
17
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלֶ֖יהָ תְּנִֽי־לִ֣י אֶת־בְּנֵ֑ךְ
וַיִּקָּחֵ֣הוּ מֵחֵיקָ֗הּ וַֽיַּעֲלֵ֙הוּ֙ אֶל־הָעֲלִיָּ֗ה אֲשֶׁר־הוּא֙ יֹשֵׁ֣ב שָׁ֔ם וַיַּשְׁכִּבֵ֖הוּ עַל־מִטָּתֽוֹ
19 But he said to her, Give me your child.
And he took him from her embrace, and brought him up to the upper room where he had settled, and he laid him down on his own couch.
3e 4B 12
33
וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה וַיֹּאמַ֑ר
יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהָ֔י הֲ֠גַם עַל־הָאַלְמָנָ֞ה אֲשֶׁר־אֲנִ֨י מִתְגּוֹרֵ֥ר עִמָּ֛הּ הֲרֵע֖וֹתָ לְהָמִ֥ית אֶת־בְּנָֽהּ
20 And he called to Yahweh and he said,
Yahweh my God, even over the widow with whom I reside, will you do evil? Will you execute her child?
3d 4B 9
31
וַיִּתְמֹדֵ֤ד עַל־הַיֶּ֙לֶד֙ שָׁלֹ֣שׁ פְּעָמִ֔ים וַיִּקְרָ֥א אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה וַיֹּאמַ֑ר
יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהָ֔י תָּ֥שָׁב נָ֛א נֶֽפֶשׁ־הַיֶּ֥לֶד הַזֶּ֖ה עַל־קִרְבּֽוֹ
21 And he measured himself over the juvenile three times, and he called to Yahweh, and he said,
Yahweh my God let please the integrity of this boy return within him.
3d 4C 22
18
וַיִּשְׁמַ֥ע יְהוָ֖ה בְּק֣וֹל אֵלִיָּ֑הוּ
וַתָּ֧שָׁב נֶֽפֶשׁ־הַיֶּ֛לֶד עַל־קִרְבּ֖וֹ וַיֶּֽחִי
22 And Yahweh heard with the voice of Elijah,
and the integrity of the juvenile returned within him, and he revived.
3c 4B 11
14
וַיִּקַּ֨ח אֵלִיָּ֜הוּ אֶת־הַיֶּ֗לֶד וַיֹּרִדֵ֤הוּ מִן־הָעֲלִיָּה֙ הַבַּ֔יְתָה וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֖הוּ לְאִמּ֑וֹ
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֵ֣לִיָּ֔הוּ רְאִ֖י חַ֥י בְּנֵֽךְ
23 And Elijah took the juvenile, and brought him down from the upper room to the house, and gave him to his mother.
And Elijah said, See, your child lives.
3e 4C 31
12
וַתֹּ֤אמֶר הָֽאִשָּׁה֙ אֶל־אֵ֣לִיָּ֔הוּ עַתָּה֙ זֶ֣ה יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֛י אִ֥ישׁ אֱלֹהִ֖ים אָ֑תָּה
וּדְבַר־יְהוָ֥ה בְּפִ֖יךָ אֱמֶֽת
24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now I know this, that a man of God you are,
and the word of Yahweh in your mouth is truth.
3d 4C 24
9


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