Thursday, August 2, 2018

1 Samuel 15

Yahweh does not regret as a human (אדם), but Yahweh regrets (נחם) in this chapter. I have never used repent at all. For a human it is to turn (שׁוב) to or from whatever needs turning to or from. Plenty of that stem in this chapter too.

1 Samuel 15 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל֙ אֶל־שָׁא֔וּל אֹתִ֨י שָׁלַ֤ח יְהוָה֙ לִמְשָׁחֳךָ֣ לְמֶ֔לֶךְ עַל־עַמּ֖וֹ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְעַתָּ֣ה שְׁמַ֔ע לְק֖וֹל דִּבְרֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
1 And Samuel said to Saul, Yahweh sent me to anoint you to reign over his people, over Israel,
and now hear the voice of the words of Yahweh.
3e 4C 29
11
כֹּ֤ה אָמַר֙ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָא֔וֹת פָּקַ֕דְתִּי אֵ֛ת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֥ה עֲמָלֵ֖ק לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֥ם לוֹ֙ בַּדֶּ֔רֶךְ בַּעֲלֹת֖וֹ מִמִּצְרָֽיִם
2 C Thus says Yahweh of hosts, I have revisited what Amalek had done to Israel,
that he set up for him on the journey, when he came up from Egypt.
3d 4C 23
15
עַתָּה֩ לֵ֨ךְ וְהִכִּֽיתָ֜ה אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֗ק וְהַֽחֲרַמְתֶּם֙ אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ וְלֹ֥א תַחְמֹ֖ל עָלָ֑יו
וְהֵמַתָּ֞ה מֵאִ֣ישׁ עַד־אִשָּׁ֗ה מֵֽעֹלֵל֙ וְעַד־יוֹנֵ֔ק מִשּׁ֣וֹר וְעַד־שֶׂ֔ה מִגָּמָ֖ל וְעַד־חֲמֽוֹר
3 Now go and strike Amalek, and utterly destroy all that he has, and you will not show pity on him,
and you will put to death, from man to woman, from infant and to nursling, from bull and to lamb, from camel and to ass.
3e 4B 27
28
וַיְשַׁמַּ֤ע שָׁאוּל֙ אֶת־הָעָ֔ם וַֽיִּפְקְדֵם֙ בַּטְּלָאִ֔ים מָאתַ֥יִם אֶ֖לֶף רַגְלִ֑י
וַעֲשֶׂ֥רֶת אֲלָפִ֖ים אֶת־אִ֥ישׁ יְהוּדָֽה
4 And Saul broadcast to the people, and he conscripted them at the Tel of Horror, two hundred thousand on foot,
and ten thousand soldiers of Judah.
3e 4C 21
12
וַיָּבֹ֥א שָׁא֖וּל עַד־עִ֣יר עֲמָלֵ֑ק
וַיָּ֖רֶב בַּנָּֽחַל
5 And came Saul to a city of Amalek,
and lay in wait in the wadi.
3e 4B 10
6
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שָׁא֣וּל אֶֽל־הַקֵּינִ֡י לְכוּ֩ סֻּ֨רוּ רְד֜וּ מִתּ֣וֹךְ עֲמָלֵקִ֗י פֶּן־אֹֽסִפְךָ֙ עִמּ֔וֹ וְאַתָּ֞ה עָשִׂ֤יתָה חֶ֙סֶד֙ עִם־כָּל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בַּעֲלוֹתָ֖ם מִמִּצְרָ֑יִם
וַיָּ֥סַר קֵינִ֖י מִתּ֥וֹךְ עֲמָלֵֽק
6 And Saul said to the Kenite, Go. Turn aside. Come down from the midst of the Amalekite, lest I gather you with him, for you, you dealt kindness with all the children of Israel when they came up from Egypt.
And the Kenite turned aside from the midst of Amalek.
3e 4C 50
10
וַיַּ֥ךְ שָׁא֖וּל אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֑ק
מֵֽחֲוִילָה֙ בּוֹאֲךָ֣ שׁ֔וּר אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י מִצְרָֽיִם
7 And Saul struck Amalek,
from Havilah to your entry to Shur that faces Egypt.
3e 4B 8
16
וַיִּתְפֹּ֛שׂ אֶת־אֲגַ֥ג מֶֽלֶךְ־עֲמָלֵ֖ק חָ֑י
וְאֶת־כָּל־הָעָ֖ם הֶחֱרִ֥ים לְפִי־חָֽרֶב
8 And he arrested Agag, the king of Amalek, alive,
and all the people he put to the ban with the edge of the sword.
3d 4A 12
11
וַיַּחְמֹל֩ שָׁא֨וּל וְהָעָ֜ם עַל־אֲגָ֗ג וְעַל־מֵיטַ֣ב הַצֹּאן֩ וְהַבָּקָ֨ר וְהַמִּשְׁנִ֤ים וְעַל־הַכָּרִים֙ וְעַל־כָּל־הַטּ֔וֹב וְלֹ֥א אָב֖וּ הַחֲרִימָ֑ם
וְכָל־הַמְּלָאכָ֛ה נְמִבְזָ֥ה וְנָמֵ֖ס אֹתָ֥הּ הֶחֱרִֽימוּ
9 And Saul and the people had pity on Agag, and on the best of the flock, and the oxen, and the yearlings, and on the butting lambs, and on all that was good. And they would not consent to utterly destroy them.
But all the workmanship, despicable or decayed, it, they utterly destroyed.
3d 4C 43
17
וַֽיְהִי֙ דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל לֵאמֹֽר 10 And the word of Yahweh happened to Samuel, saying, 3e 3g 12
נִחַ֗מְתִּי כִּֽי־הִמְלַ֤כְתִּי אֶת־שָׁאוּל֙ לְמֶ֔לֶךְ כִּֽי־שָׁב֙ מֵאַֽחֲרַ֔י וְאֶת־דְּבָרַ֖י לֹ֣א הֵקִ֑ים
וַיִּ֙חַר֙ לִשְׁמוּאֵ֔ל וַיִּזְעַ֥ק אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה כָּל־הַלָּֽיְלָה
11 I regret that I made Saul reign as king, for he has turned from following me, and my words he has not upheld.
And it burned for Samuel, and he appealed to Yahweh all night.
3e 4C 27
16
וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֧ם שְׁמוּאֵ֛ל לִקְרַ֥את שָׁא֖וּל בַּבֹּ֑קֶר
וַיֻּגַּ֨ד לִשְׁמוּאֵ֜ל לֵאמֹ֗ר בָּֽא־שָׁא֤וּל הַכַּרְמֶ֙לָה֙ וְהִנֵּ֨ה מַצִּ֥יב לוֹ֙ יָ֔ד וַיִּסֹּב֙ וַֽיַּעֲבֹ֔ר וַיֵּ֖רֶד הַגִּלְגָּֽל
12 And Samuel rose up early to encounter Saul in the morning.
And it was made clear to Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel and behold, stood firm for himself, adjacent, and he circled, and he passed through, and he went down to the Gilgal.
3c 4C 13
35
וַיָּבֹ֥א שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל אֶל־שָׁא֑וּל
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר ל֣וֹ שָׁא֗וּל בָּר֤וּךְ אַתָּה֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה הֲקִימֹ֖תִי אֶת־דְּבַ֥ר יְהוָֽה
13 And Samuel came to Saul,
and Saul said to him, Blessed you are of Yahweh. I have upheld the word of Yahweh.
3c 4C 9
21
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֔ל וּמֶ֛ה קֽוֹל־הַצֹּ֥אן הַזֶּ֖ה בְּאָזְנָ֑י
וְק֣וֹל הַבָּקָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י שֹׁמֵֽעַ
14 And Samuel said, But what is the voice of this flock in my ears,
and the voice of the oxen which I am hearing?
3d 4B 16
13
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל מֵעֲמָלֵקִ֣י הֱבִיא֗וּם אֲשֶׁ֨ר חָמַ֤ל הָעָם֙ עַל־מֵיטַ֤ב הַצֹּאן֙ וְהַבָּקָ֔ר לְמַ֥עַן זְבֹ֖חַ לַיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
וְאֶת־הַיּוֹתֵ֖ר הֶחֱרַֽמְנוּ
15 And Saul said, From Amalek they have brought them, that the people had pity on the best of the flock, and the oxen, for the sake of an offering to Yahweh your God.
And the surplus we have utterly destroyed.
3e 4C 40
9
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל֙ אֶל־שָׁא֔וּל הֶ֚רֶף וְאַגִּ֣ידָה לְּךָ֔ אֵת֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֧ר יְהוָ֛ה אֵלַ֖י הַלָּ֑יְלָה
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֖וֹ דַּבֵּֽר
16 And Samuel said to Saul, Desist, and I will tell you what Yahweh has spoken to me by night.
And he said to him, Speak.
3c 4C 29
6
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֔ל הֲל֗וֹא אִם־קָטֹ֤ן אַתָּה֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ רֹ֛אשׁ שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אָ֑תָּה
וַיִּמְשָׁחֲךָ֧ יְהוָ֛ה לְמֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And Samuel said, Was it not when you were least in your eyes, the head of the sceptres of Israel, yourself,
that Yahweh anointed you to be king over Israel?
3c 4C 25
14
וַיִּשְׁלָחֲךָ֥ יְהוָ֖ה בְּדָ֑רֶךְ
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר לֵ֣ךְ וְהַחֲרַמְתָּ֞ה אֶת־הַֽחַטָּאִים֙ אֶת־עֲמָלֵ֔ק וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֣ ב֔וֹ עַ֥ד כַּלּוֹתָ֖ם אֹתָֽם
18 And Yahweh sent you on a journey.
And he said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners, Amalek, and fight him until their consummate end.
3e 4B 10
29
וְלָ֥מָּה לֹא־שָׁמַ֖עְתָּ בְּק֣וֹל יְהוָ֑ה
וַתַּ֙עַט֙ אֶל־הַשָּׁלָ֔ל וַתַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
19 So why have you not heard with the voice of Yahweh,
but acted like a bird of prey to the spoil? And you did evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
3e 4B 10
17
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֜וּל אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵ֗ל אֲשֶׁ֤ר שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ בְּק֣וֹל יְהוָ֔ה וָאֵלֵ֕ךְ בַּדֶּ֖רֶךְ אֲשֶׁר־שְׁלָחַ֣נִי יְהוָ֑ה
וָאָבִ֗יא אֶת־אֲגַג֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ עֲמָלֵ֔ק וְאֶת־עֲמָלֵ֖ק הֶחֱרַֽמְתִּי
20 And Saul said to Samuel, I have heard with the voice of Yahweh, and I went on the journey as Yahweh sent me,
and I have brought Agag the king of
Amalek, and Amalek I have utterly destroyed.
3e 4C 32
20
וַיִּקַּ֨ח הָעָ֧ם מֵהַשָּׁלָ֛ל צֹ֥אן וּבָקָ֖ר רֵאשִׁ֣ית הַחֵ֑רֶם
לִזְבֹּ֛חַ לַֽיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ בַּגִּלְגָּֽל
21 But the people took from the spoil, sheep and oxen, the preeminent of the ban,
to offer to Yahweh your God in the Gilgal.
3c 4B 18
12
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֗ל הַחֵ֤פֶץ לַֽיהוָה֙ בְּעֹל֣וֹת וּזְבָחִ֔ים כִּשְׁמֹ֖עַ בְּק֣וֹל יְהוָ֑ה
הִנֵּ֤ה שְׁמֹ֙עַ֙ מִזֶּ֣בַח ט֔וֹב לְהַקְשִׁ֖יב מֵחֵ֥לֶב אֵילִֽים
22 And Samuel said, Has Yahweh more delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices than hearing with the voice of Yahweh?
Behold to hear is better than sacrifice, to pay attention than the choicest of rams.
3e 4C 24
17
כִּ֤י חַטַּאת־קֶ֙סֶם֙ מֶ֔רִי וְאָ֥וֶן וּתְרָפִ֖ים הַפְצַ֑ר
יַ֗עַן מָאַ֙סְתָּ֙ אֶת־דְּבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה וַיִּמְאָסְךָ֖ מִמֶּֽלֶךְ
23 C For the sin of soothsaying is provocation and mischief, and timidity is costly.
Because you refused the word of Yahweh, so he will also refuse you as king.
3e 4C 15
17
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שָׁא֤וּל אֶל־שְׁמוּאֵל֙ חָטָ֔אתִי כִּֽי־עָבַ֥רְתִּי אֶת־פִּֽי־יְהוָ֖ה וְאֶת־דְּבָרֶ֑יךָ
כִּ֤י יָרֵ֙אתִי֙ אֶת־הָעָ֔ם וָאֶשְׁמַ֖ע בְּקוֹלָֽם
24 And Saul said to Samuel, I have sinned that I have gone beyond the mandate of Yahweh and your words,
for I feared the people, and I have heard with their voice.
3e 4C 26
13
וְעַתָּ֕ה שָׂ֥א נָ֖א אֶת־חַטָּאתִ֑י
וְשׁ֣וּב עִמִּ֔י וְאֶֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה לַֽיהוָֽה
25 So now bear please my sin,
and return with me that I may worship Yahweh.
3e 4B 9
11
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵל֙ אֶל־שָׁא֔וּל לֹ֥א אָשׁ֖וּב עִמָּ֑ךְ
כִּ֤י מָאַ֙סְתָּה֙ אֶת־דְּבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה וַיִּמְאָסְךָ֣ יְהוָ֔ה מִהְי֥וֹת מֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
26 And Samuel said to Saul, I will not return with you,
for you have refused the word of Yahweh, and Yahweh has refused you from being king over Israel.
3e 4C 14
23
וַיִּסֹּ֥ב שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל לָלֶ֑כֶת
וַיַּחֲזֵ֥ק בִּכְנַף־מְעִיל֖וֹ וַיִּקָּרַֽע
27 And Samuel went around to go,
and he held resolute to the hem of his mantle, and it ripped.
3e 4A 9
13
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ שְׁמוּאֵ֔ל קָרַ֨ע יְהוָ֜ה אֶֽת־מַמְלְכ֧וּת יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מֵעָלֶ֖יךָ הַיּ֑וֹם
וּנְתָנָ֕הּ לְרֵעֲךָ֖ הַטּ֥וֹב מִמֶּֽךָּ
28 And Samuel said to him, Yahweh has ripped the kingdom of Israel from you today,
and has given it to your associate, better than you.
3c 4C 25
12
וְגַם֙ נֵ֣צַח יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לֹ֥א יְשַׁקֵּ֖ר וְלֹ֣א יִנָּחֵ֑ם
כִּ֣י לֹ֥א אָדָ֛ם ה֖וּא לְהִנָּחֵֽם
29 And furthermore the leader of Israel will not be false, and will not regret,
for he is not a human that he should regret.
3d 4B 16
9
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר חָטָ֔אתִי עַתָּ֗ה כַּבְּדֵ֥נִי נָ֛א נֶ֥גֶד זִקְנֵֽי־עַמִּ֖י וְנֶ֣גֶד יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְשׁ֣וּב עִמִּ֔י וְהִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֵ֖יתִי לַֽיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶֽיךָ
30 But he said, I have sinned. Now glorify me, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel,
and return with me, that I may worship Yahweh your God.
3d 4B 23
16
וַיָּ֥שָׁב שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל אַחֲרֵ֣י שָׁא֑וּל
וַיִּשְׁתַּ֥חוּ שָׁא֖וּל לַֽיהוָֽה
31 And Samuel returned after Saul,
and Saul worshiped Yahweh.
3e 4B 11
8
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֗ל הַגִּ֤ישׁוּ אֵלַי֙ אֶת־אֲגַג֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ עֲמָלֵ֔ק וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אֵלָ֔יו אֲגַ֖ג מַעֲדַנֹּ֑ת
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲגָ֔ג אָכֵ֖ן סָ֥ר מַר־הַמָּֽוֶת
32 And Samuel said, Bring close to me Agag king of Amalek. And Agag sidled up to him with enthrallment.
And Agag said, Nevertheless, put aside is the bitterness of death.
3e 4C 30
12
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֔ל כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר שִׁכְּלָ֤ה נָשִׁים֙ חַרְבֶּ֔ךָ כֵּן־תִּשְׁכַּ֥ל מִנָּשִׁ֖ים אִמֶּ֑ךָ
וַיְשַׁסֵּ֨ף שְׁמוּאֵ֧ל אֶת־אֲגָ֛ג לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה בַּגִּלְגָּֽל
33 And Samuel said, As your sword has bereaved women, so is bereaved among women your mother.
And Samuel hacked Agag in pieces in the presence of Yahweh in the Gilgal.
3c 4C 25
16
וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל הָרָמָ֑תָה
וְשָׁא֛וּל עָלָ֥ה אֶל־בֵּית֖וֹ גִּבְעַ֥ת שָׁאֽוּל
34 And Samuel went towards Ramah.
And Saul ascended to his house, to Gibeah of Saul.
3d 4A 10
12
וְלֹא־יָסַ֨ף שְׁמוּאֵ֜ל לִרְא֤וֹת אֶת־שָׁאוּל֙ עַד־י֣וֹם מוֹת֔וֹ כִּֽי־הִתְאַבֵּ֥ל שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל אֶל־שָׁא֑וּל
וַיהוָ֣ה נִחָ֔ם כִּֽי־הִמְלִ֥יךְ אֶת־שָׁא֖וּל עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
35 And Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death, but Samuel lamented for Saul.
But Yahweh regretted that he had made Saul king over Israel.
3e 4C 25
14


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