Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Ezra 7

Part of this chapter is Hebrew and part Aramaic. Biblical Aramaic and Hebrew seem to have more stems in common than they do that are different. Even when different, their stems may be close. E.g. in the stem for counsel, the Hebrew יעץ in Aramaic is יעט. The square script is itself first the Aramaic script. It has a number of letters that seem to duplicate sounds. It is not surprising that some letters might have morphed from one dialect to another, eventually the dialect becoming a separate tongue. There are dozens of Semitic languages.

The atenah in verse 15 falls in the middle of a construct. The definite article applied to silver and gold  in the first half of the verse is implied by the phrase following in the second half of the verse. The split is unusual but so is the length of the second part of the construct.

For the stem עבד I continue to avoid the gloss do (though I have used it in Daniel 3:32). Aramaic appears to use עבד for both serve and do. Perhaps the Aramaic should sound even more foreign than Hebrew to our ears.

Verse 22 is not a blank cheque. Based on the music, without requisition seems to apply only to salt.

Ezra 7 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה בְּמַלְכ֖וּת אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֣סְתְּא מֶֽלֶךְ־פָּרָ֑ס
עֶזְרָא֙ בֶּן־שְׂרָיָ֔ה בֶּן־עֲזַרְיָ֖ה בֶּן־חִלְקִיָּֽה
1 And after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes, king of Persia,
Ezra child of Saraiah, child of Azariah, child of Hilqiah,
3e 4B 20
14
בֶּן־שַׁלּ֥וּם בֶּן־צָד֖וֹק בֶּן־אֲחִיטֽוּב 2 Child of Shallum, child of Zadok, child of Achitov, 3e 3g 10
בֶּן־אֲמַרְיָ֥ה בֶן־עֲזַרְיָ֖ה בֶּן־מְרָיֽוֹת 3 Child of Amariah, child of Azariah, child of Meraioth, 3e 3g 12
בֶּן־זְרַֽחְיָ֥ה בֶן־עֻזִּ֖י בֶּן־בֻּקִּֽי 4 Child of Zeraxiah, child of Uzzi, child of Buqi, 3e 3g 10
בֶּן־אֲבִישׁ֗וּעַ בֶּן־פִּֽינְחָס֙ בֶּן־אֶלְעָזָ֔ר בֶּן־אַהֲרֹ֥ן הַכֹּהֵ֖ן הָרֹֽאשׁ 5 Child of Abishua, child of Phineas, child of Eleazar, child of Aaron, the head priest, 3e 3g 21
ה֤וּא עֶזְרָא֙ עָלָ֣ה מִבָּבֶ֔ל וְהֽוּא־סֹפֵ֤ר מָהִיר֙ בְּתוֹרַ֣ת מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּתֶּן־ל֣וֹ הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ כְּיַד־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהָיו֙ עָלָ֔יו כֹּ֖ל בַּקָּשָׁתֽוֹ
6 C This Ezra went up from Babel, and he was an impetuous scribe in the instruction of Moses that Yahweh the God of Israel had given,
and the king gave him, according to the hand of Yahweh his God upon him, all that he sought.
3e 4C 31
21
וַיַּֽעֲל֣וּ מִבְּנֵֽי־יִ֠שְׂרָאֵל וּמִן־הַכֹּהֲנִ֨ים וְהַלְוִיִּ֜ם וְהַמְשֹׁרְרִ֧ים וְהַשֹּׁעֲרִ֛ים וְהַנְּתִינִ֖ים אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
בִּשְׁנַת־שֶׁ֖בַע לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁ֥סְתְּא הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
7 And went up from the children of Israel, and from the priests and the Levites, and the singers, and the gatekeepers, and the Nethinim, to Jerusalem,
in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king.
3c 4B 37
12
וַיָּבֹ֥א יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁ֑י
הִ֛יא שְׁנַ֥ת הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖ית לַמֶּֽלֶךְ
8 And he entered Jerusalem in the fifth new moon.
This was the seventh year of the king.
3d 4B 14
9
כִּ֗י בְּאֶחָד֙ לַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָרִאשׁ֔וֹן ה֣וּא יְסֻ֔ד הַֽמַּעֲלָ֖ה מִבָּבֶ֑ל
וּבְאֶחָ֞ד לַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַחֲמִישִׁ֗י בָּ֚א אֶל־יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם כְּיַד־אֱלֹהָ֖יו הַטּוֹבָ֥ה עָלָֽיו
9 ~ For on the first of the first month, he laid the foundation of the ascent from Babel, and on the first of the fifth month he had come to Jerusalem,
according to the good hand of his God upon him.
3e 4C 20
26
כִּ֤י עֶזְרָא֙ הֵכִ֣ין לְבָב֔וֹ לִדְר֛וֹשׁ אֶת־תּוֹרַ֥ת יְהוָ֖ה וְלַעֲשֹׂ֑ת
וּלְלַמֵּ֥ד בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל חֹ֥ק וּמִשְׁפָּֽט
10 C For Ezra prepared his heart to search out the instruction of Yahweh and to act,
and to teach in Israel, statute and judgment.
3d 4C 19
11
וְזֶ֣ה ׀ פַּרְשֶׁ֣גֶן הַֽנִּשְׁתְּוָ֗ן אֲשֶׁ֤ר נָתַן֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֔סְתְּא לְעֶזְרָ֥א הַכֹּהֵ֖ן הַסֹּפֵ֑ר
סֹפֵ֞ר דִּבְרֵ֧י מִצְוֺת־יְהוָ֛ה וְחֻקָּ֖יו עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
11 And this is a copy of the written record in which the king, Artaxerxes, granted to Ezra the priest, the secretary.
The record of the words of the commandment of Yahweh and his statutes over Israel,
3c 4C 29
15
אַ֨רְתַּחְשַׁ֔סְתְּא מֶ֖לֶךְ מַלְכַיָּ֑א
לְעֶזְרָ֣א כָ֠הֲנָא סָפַ֨ר דָּתָ֜א דִּֽי־אֱלָ֧הּ שְׁמַיָּ֛א גְּמִ֖יר וּכְעֶֽנֶת
12 ~ Artaxerxes, king of kings,
to Ezra the priest, scribe of the dictate of the God of the heavens, perfect peace. And now,
3c 4B 9
20
מִנִּי֮ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵם֒ דִּ֣י כָל־מִתְנַדַּ֣ב בְּמַלְכוּתִי֩ מִן־עַמָּ֨ה יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל וְכָהֲנ֣וֹהִי וְלֵוָיֵ֗א לִמְהָ֧ךְ לִֽירוּשְׁלֶ֛ם עִמָּ֖ךְ יְהָֽךְ 13 From me is set a warrant that all who willingly offered, within my kingdom, from the people of Israel, and its priests, and the Levites, to go up to Jerusalem with you, may go. 3c 4B 38
כָּל־קֳבֵ֗ל דִּי֩ מִן־קֳדָ֨ם מַלְכָּ֜א וְשִׁבְעַ֤ת יָעֲטֹ֙הִי֙ שְׁלִ֔יחַ לְבַקָּרָ֥א עַל־יְה֖וּד וְלִֽירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
בְּדָ֥ת אֱלָהָ֖ךְ דִּ֥י בִידָֽךְ
14 All because, from before the king and seven of his counselors, you are sent to enquire concerning Judah and of Jerusalem,
according to the dictate of your God which is in your hand.
3e 4C 30
8
וּלְהֵיבָלָ֖ה כְּסַ֣ף וּדְהַ֑ב
דִּֽי־מַלְכָּ֣א וְיָעֲט֗וֹהִי הִתְנַדַּ֙בוּ֙ לֶאֱלָ֣הּ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל דִּ֥י בִֽירוּשְׁלֶ֖ם מִשְׁכְּנֵֽהּ
15 And to convey the silver and gold,
that the king and his counselors have freely offered to the God of Israel that is in Jerusalem, his dwelling-place.
3e 4B 8
25
וְכֹל֙ כְּסַ֣ף וּדְהַ֔ב דִּ֣י תְהַשְׁכַּ֔ח בְּכֹ֖ל מְדִינַ֣ת בָּבֶ֑ל
עִם֩ הִתְנַדָּב֨וּת עַמָּ֤א וְכָֽהֲנַיָּא֙ מִֽתְנַדְּבִ֔ין לְבֵ֥ית אֱלָהֲהֹ֖ם דִּ֥י בִירוּשְׁלֶֽם
16 And all the silver and gold that you find in all the province of Babel,
with the freewill offering of the people and the priests, offering willingly to the house of their God that is in Jerusalem.
3e 4C 17
25
כָּל־קֳבֵ֣ל דְּנָה֩ אָסְפַּ֨רְנָא תִקְנֵ֜א בְּכַסְפָּ֣א דְנָ֗ה תּוֹרִ֤ין ׀ דִּכְרִין֙ אִמְּרִ֔ין וּמִנְחָתְה֖וֹן וְנִסְכֵּיה֑וֹן
וּתְקָרֵ֣ב הִמּ֔וֹ עַֽל־מַדְבְּחָ֔ה דִּ֛י בֵּ֥ית אֱלָהֲכֹ֖ם דִּ֥י בִירוּשְׁלֶֽם
17 All because of this, promptly, you will buy with this silver, bullocks, rams, lambs, and their gifts, and their libations,
and make oblation of them on the altar of the house of God that is in Jerusalem.
3d 4C 29
19
וּמָ֣ה דִי֩ עֲלָ֨ךְ וְעַל־אֶחָ֜ךְ יֵיטַ֗ב בִּשְׁאָ֛ר כַּסְפָּ֥א וְדַהֲבָ֖ה לְמֶעְבַּ֑ד
כִּרְע֥וּת אֱלָהֲכֹ֖ם תַּעַבְדֽוּן
18 And whatever to you and to your kin seems good with the residue of the silver and the gold to administer,
according to the resolution of your God, you will administer.
3d 4B 22
9
וּמָֽאנַיָּא֙ דִּֽי־מִתְיַהֲבִ֣ין לָ֔ךְ לְפָלְחָ֖ן בֵּ֣ית אֱלָהָ֑ךְ
הַשְׁלֵ֕ם קֳדָ֖ם אֱלָ֥הּ יְרוּשְׁלֶֽם
19 And the vessels that are provided to you for the reverence of the house of your God,
repay before the God of Jerusalem.
3e 4B 17
9
וּשְׁאָ֗ר חַשְׁחוּת֙ בֵּ֣ית אֱלָהָ֔ךְ דִּ֥י יִפֶּל־לָ֖ךְ לְמִנְתַּ֑ן
תִּנְתֵּ֕ן מִן־בֵּ֖ית גִּנְזֵ֥י מַלְכָּֽא
20 And the residue of what is necessary for the house of your God that will fall to you to give,
let be given from the house of the depositories of the king.
3e 4B 15
8
וּ֠מִנִּי אֲנָ֞ה אַרְתַּחְשַׁ֤סְתְּא מַלְכָּא֙ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵ֔ם לְכֹל֙ גִּזַּֽבְרַיָּ֔א דִּ֖י בַּעֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֑ה
דִּ֣י כָל־דִּ֣י יִ֠שְׁאֲלֶנְכוֹן עֶזְרָ֨א כָהֲנָ֜ה סָפַ֤ר דָּתָא֙ דִּֽי־אֱלָ֣הּ שְׁמַיָּ֔א אָסְפַּ֖רְנָא יִתְעֲבִֽד
21 ~ And I myself, Artaxerxes the king, set the warrant for all the treasurers who are across the river,
that all that Ezra the priest scribe of the dictate of the God of the heavens will ask, promptly let it be served.
3e 4C 27
27
עַד־כְּסַף֮ כַּכְּרִ֣ין מְאָה֒ וְעַד־חִנְטִין֙ כֹּרִ֣ין מְאָ֔ה וְעַד־חֲמַר֙ בַּתִּ֣ין מְאָ֔ה וְעַד־בַּתִּ֥ין מְשַׁ֖ח מְאָ֑ה
וּמְלַ֖ח דִּי־לָ֥א כְתָֽב
22 To silver a hundred talents, and to wheat a hundred cor, and to red wine a hundred baths, and to baths of oil, a hundred,
and salt without requisition.
3e 4B 31
5
כָּל־דִּ֗י מִן־טַ֙עַם֙ אֱלָ֣הּ שְׁמַיָּ֔א יִתְעֲבֵד֙ אַדְרַזְדָּ֔א לְבֵ֖ית אֱלָ֣הּ שְׁמַיָּ֑א
דִּֽי־לְמָ֤ה לֶֽהֱוֵא֙ קְצַ֔ף עַל־מַלְכ֥וּת מַלְכָּ֖א וּבְנֽוֹהִי
23 All that is from the warrant of the God of the heavens, let it be served with excellence, to the house of the God of the heavens,
for why should there be rage concerning the kingdom of the king and his children?
3e 4C 23
16
וּלְכֹ֣ם מְהוֹדְעִ֗ין דִּ֣י כָל־כָּהֲנַיָּ֣א וְ֠לֵוָיֵא זַמָּ֨רַיָּ֤א תָרָֽעַיָּא֙ נְתִ֣ינַיָּ֔א וּפָ֣לְחֵ֔י בֵּ֖ית אֱלָהָ֣א דְנָ֑ה
מִנְדָּ֤ה בְלוֹ֙ וַהֲלָ֔ךְ לָ֥א שַׁלִּ֖יט לְמִרְמֵ֥א עֲלֵיהֹֽם
24 And to you we make it known, that all the priests and the Levites, the psalmists, the gatekeepers, the Nethinim, and those who reverence this house of God,
levy, tariff, or toll, it is not legal to heave upon them.
3e 4C 36
16
וְאַ֣נְתְּ עֶזְרָ֗א כְּחָכְמַ֨ת אֱלָהָ֤ךְ דִּֽי־בִידָךְ֙ מֶ֣נִּי שָׁפְטִ֞ין וְדַיָּנִ֗ין דִּי־לֶהֱוֺ֤ן דָּאיְנִין֙ לְכָל־עַמָּה֙ דִּ֚י בַּעֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֔ה לְכָל־יָדְעֵ֖י דָּתֵ֣י אֱלָהָ֑ךְ
וְדִ֧י לָ֦א יָדַ֖ע תְּהוֹדְעֽוּן
25 And you, Ezra, in the wisdom of your God which is in your hand, number judges and advocates, that they may advocate for all the people who are across the river, for all knowing the dictates of your God.
And who does not know him, you inform.
3c 4C 47
8
וְכָל־דִּי־לָא֩ לֶהֱוֵ֨א עָבֵ֜ד דָּתָ֣א דִֽי־אֱלָהָ֗ךְ וְדָתָא֙ דִּ֣י מַלְכָּ֔א אָסְפַּ֕רְנָא דִּינָ֕ה לֶהֱוֵ֥א מִתְעֲבֵ֖ד מִנֵּ֑הּ
הֵ֤ן לְמוֹת֙ הֵ֣ן לִשְׁרֹשִׁ֔י הֵן־לַעֲנָ֥שׁ נִכְסִ֖ין וְלֶאֱסוּרִֽין
26 And anyone that will not be servant of the dictate of your God, let the dictate of the king promptly be sentenced for him, being served from him,
whether to death or to uprooting or to a fine of material wealth or to bondage.
3e 4C 32
18
בָּר֥וּךְ יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבוֹתֵ֑ינוּ
אֲשֶׁ֨ר נָתַ֤ן כָּזֹאת֙ בְּלֵ֣ב הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לְפָאֵ֕ר אֶת־בֵּ֥ית יְהוָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּירוּשָׁלִָֽם
27 Bless Yahweh, the God of our ancestors,
who has given such as this into the heart of the king, to adorn the house of Yahweh that is in Jerusalem.
3e 4C 11
24
וְעָלַ֣י הִטָּה־חֶ֗סֶד לִפְנֵ֤י הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְיֽוֹעֲצָ֔יו וּלְכָל־שָׂרֵ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ הַגִּבֹּרִ֑ים
וַאֲנִ֣י הִתְחַזַּ֗קְתִּי כְּיַד־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהַי֙ עָלַ֔י וָאֶקְבְּצָ֧ה מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֛ל רָאשִׁ֖ים לַעֲל֥וֹת עִמִּֽי
28 And to me has stretched out kindness before the king and his counselors, and to all the valiant sultans of the king.
And I myself was encouraged according to the hand of Yahweh my God on me, and I collected from Israel the preeminent to go up with me.
3c 4C 27
31


No comments:

Post a Comment