Saturday, November 25, 2017

Ezra 5

Aramaic is not familiar to me. Its parsing varies from Hebrew binyanim. Construct is often explicitly helped by a preposition. Its words have many similar meanings if not identical but there are many overlaps that slow my reading down. In the Hebrew chapters, a verse takes a minute or two to read, because generally many of the words have already been guessed based on pattern recognition by the computer. In the Aramaic chapters, every new word is an exploration.

In Aramaic chapters, the pattern recognition chooses from them first, but then drops into the Hebrew patterns where it finds very few alike. That is an interesting result in itself. For those it does find, one can read into what the word seems to mean from the context, but it seems more fun to imagine the two languages drifting apart from each other and the meanings of words carrying unexpected overtones. Example: סתר, hide, or secret I was tempted to render secreted, but eventually went with the commonplace did away with. Sure it was destroyed. But one might imagine that it was also hidden in an alternative reality for a period.

Ezra 5 Fn Min Max Syll
וְהִתְנַבִּ֞י חַגַּ֣י נְבִיָּ֗א וּזְכַרְיָ֤ה בַר־עִדּוֹא֙ נְבִיַּיָּ֔א עַל־יְה֣וּדָיֵ֔א דִּ֥י בִיה֖וּד וּבִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
בְּשֻׁ֛ם אֱלָ֥הּ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל עֲלֵיהֽוֹן
1 And the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Judeans who were in Judea and in Jerusalem,
in the name of the God of Israel, to them.
3d 4C 31
10
בֵּאדַ֡יִן קָ֠מוּ זְרֻבָּבֶ֤ל בַּר־שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל֙ וְיֵשׁ֣וּעַ בַּר־יֽוֹצָדָ֔ק וְשָׁרִ֣יו לְמִבְנֵ֔א בֵּ֥ית אֱלָהָ֖א דִּ֣י בִירֽוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
וְעִמְּה֛וֹן נְבִיַּיָּ֥א דִֽי־אֱלָהָ֖א מְסָעֲדִ֥ין לְהֽוֹן
2 Then Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Jeshua son of Jotsadaq, arose and got the building of the house of God underway that is in Jerusalem,
and with them, the prophets of God confirming them.
3d 4C 35
16
בֵּהּ־זִמְנָא֩ אֲתָ֨א עֲלֵיה֜וֹן תַּ֠תְּנַי פַּחַ֧ת עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֛ה וּשְׁתַ֥ר בּוֹזְנַ֖י וּכְנָוָתְה֑וֹן
וְכֵן֙ אָמְרִ֣ין לְהֹ֔ם מַן־שָׂ֨ם לְכֹ֜ם טְעֵ֗ם בַּיְתָ֤א דְנָה֙ לִבְּנֵ֔א וְאֻשַּׁרְנָ֥א דְנָ֖ה לְשַׁכְלָלָֽה
3 In that season for them, Tatnaii viceroy of beyond the river arrived, and Shetar Bozni and their confederates,
and said thus to them, Who set in place for you the warrant to build this house or to consolidate this structure.
3c 4C 25
28
אֱדַ֥יִן כְּנֵ֖מָא אֲמַ֣רְנָא לְּהֹ֑ם
מַן־אִנּוּן֙ שְׁמָהָ֣ת גֻּבְרַיָּ֔א דִּֽי־דְנָ֥ה בִנְיָנָ֖א בָּנַֽיִן
4 Then likewise we said to them,
Who are these, the names of the men of valour, who build this building?
3e 4B 10
17
וְעֵ֣ין אֱלָהֲהֹ֗ם הֲוָת֙ עַל־שָׂבֵ֣י יְהוּדָיֵ֔א וְלָא־בַטִּ֣לוּ הִמּ֔וֹ עַד־טַעְמָ֖א לְדָרְיָ֣וֶשׁ יְהָ֑ךְ
וֶאֱדַ֛יִן יְתִיב֥וּן נִשְׁתְּוָנָ֖א עַל־דְּנָֽה
5 But the eye of their God was over the grey-haired of the Judeans, and they could not make them stop until the warrant came to Darius,
and they then responded by return mail to it.
3d 4B 31
13
פַּרְשֶׁ֣גֶן אִ֠גַּרְתָּא דִּֽי־שְׁלַ֞ח תַּתְּנַ֣י ׀ פַּחַ֣ת עֲבַֽר־נַהֲרָ֗ה וּשְׁתַ֤ר בּוֹזְנַי֙ וּכְנָ֣וָתֵ֔הּ אֲפַ֨רְסְכָיֵ֔א דִּ֖י בַּעֲבַ֣ר נַהֲרָ֑ה
עַל־דָּרְיָ֖וֶשׁ מַלְכָּֽא
6 A copy of the letter that Tatnaii sent, viceroy of beyond the river, and Shetar Bozni and his confederates, the Apharsachites, who were across the river,
to Darius the king,
3e 4C 38
6
פִּתְגָמָ֖א שְׁלַ֣חוּ עֲל֑וֹהִי
וְכִדְנָה֙ כְּתִ֣יב בְּגַוֵּ֔הּ לְדָרְיָ֥וֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֖א שְׁלָמָ֥א כֹֽלָּא
7 An edict they sent to him, and written like this within it,
To Darius the king, all peace,
3e 4B 9
19
יְדִ֣יעַ ׀ לֶהֱוֵ֣א לְמַלְכָּ֗א דִּֽי־אֲזַ֜לְנָא לִיה֤וּד מְדִֽינְתָּא֙ לְבֵית֙ אֱלָהָ֣א רַבָּ֔א וְה֤וּא מִתְבְּנֵא֙ אֶ֣בֶן גְּלָ֔ל וְאָ֖ע מִתְּשָׂ֣ם בְּכֻתְלַיָּ֑א
וַעֲבִ֥ידְתָּא דָ֛ךְ אָסְפַּ֥רְנָא מִתְעַבְדָ֖א וּמַצְלַ֥ח בְּיֶדְהֹֽם
8 Be it known to the king that we went to Judea the province, to the house of God, the great, and it is built with rolling stone, and timber is laid in its embankments,
and this service is fast being served and prospers in their hands.
3d 4C 41
17
אֱדַ֗יִן שְׁאֵ֙לְנָא֙ לְשָׂבַיָּ֣א אִלֵּ֔ךְ כְּנֵ֖מָא אֲמַ֣רְנָא לְּהֹ֑ם
מַן־שָׂ֨ם לְכֹ֜ם טְעֵ֗ם בַּיְתָ֤א דְנָה֙ לְמִבְנְיָ֔ה וְאֻשַּׁרְנָ֥א דְנָ֖ה לְשַׁכְלָלָֽה
9 Then we asked these grey-haired likewise. We said to them,
Who set in place for you the warrant to build this house or to consolidate this structure?
3e 4C 19
24
וְאַ֧ף שְׁמָהָתְהֹ֛ם שְׁאֵ֥לְנָא לְּהֹ֖ם לְהוֹדָעוּתָ֑ךְ
דִּ֛י נִכְתֻּ֥ב שֻׁם־גֻּבְרַיָּ֖א דִּ֥י בְרָאשֵׁיהֹֽם
10 And also their names we asked them, to let you know,
that we will write the name of the men of valour who are their heads.
3c 4A 16
12
וּכְנֵ֥מָא פִתְגָמָ֖א הֲתִיב֣וּנָא לְמֵמַ֑ר
אֲנַ֣חְנָא הִמּ֡וֹ עַבְדוֹהִי֩ דִֽי־אֱלָ֨הּ שְׁמַיָּ֜א וְאַרְעָ֗א וּבָנַ֤יִן בַּיְתָא֙ דִּֽי־הֲוָ֨א בְנֵ֜ה מִקַּדְמַ֤ת דְּנָה֙ שְׁנִ֣ין שַׂגִּיאָ֔ן וּמֶ֤לֶךְ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ רַ֔ב בְּנָ֖הִי וְשַׁכְלְלֵֽהּ
11 And thus they responded to us an injunction, saying,
We are they, servants of the God of the heavens and the earth, and build the house that itself was built before these many years, and a great king of Israel built and finished it.
3e 4C 13
50
לָהֵ֗ן מִן־דִּ֨י הַרְגִּ֤זוּ אֲבָהֳתַ֙נָא֙ לֶאֱלָ֣הּ שְׁמַיָּ֔א יְהַ֣ב הִמּ֔וֹ בְּיַ֛ד נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל כַּסְדָּאָ֑ה
וּבַיְתָ֤ה דְנָה֙ סַתְרֵ֔הּ וְעַמָּ֖ה הַגְלִ֥י לְבָבֶֽל
12 But in that our ancestors made the God of the heavens shudder, he provided them to the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, the Chaldean,
and this house he did away with and had the people exiled to Babel.
3d 4C 36
15
בְּרַם֙ בִּשְׁנַ֣ת חֲדָ֔ה לְכ֥וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֖א דִּ֣י בָבֶ֑ל
כּ֤וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּא֙ שָׂ֣ם טְעֵ֔ם בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֥א דְנָ֖ה לִבְּנֵֽא
13 Yet in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babel,
Cyrus the king set a warrant to build this house of God.
3e 4C 14
15
וְ֠אַף מָאנַיָּ֣א דִֽי־בֵית־אֱלָהָא֮ דִּ֣י דַהֲבָ֣ה וְכַסְפָּא֒ דִּ֣י נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּ֗ר הַנְפֵּק֙ מִן־הֵֽיכְלָא֙ דִּ֣י בִֽירוּשְׁלֶ֔ם וְהֵיבֵ֣ל הִמּ֔וֹ לְהֵיכְלָ֖א דִּ֣י בָבֶ֑ל
הַנְפֵּ֨ק הִמּ֜וֹ כּ֣וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּ֗א מִן־הֵֽיכְלָא֙ דִּ֣י בָבֶ֔ל וִיהִ֙יבוּ֙ לְשֵׁשְׁבַּצַּ֣ר שְׁמֵ֔הּ דִּ֥י פֶחָ֖ה שָׂמֵֽהּ
14 ~ And also the vessels of the house of God of gold and silver that Nebuchadnezzar had appropriated from the temple that was in Jerusalem and had escorted them to the temple of Babel,
Cyrus the king had them appropriated from the temple of Babel, and they were provided to Sheshbazzar, by name, whom he had set as viceroy.
3e 4B 42
28
וַאֲמַר־לֵ֓הּ ׀ אֵ֚ל מָֽאנַיָּ֔א שֵׂ֚א אֵֽזֶל־אֲחֵ֣ת הִמּ֔וֹ בְּהֵיכְלָ֖א דִּ֣י בִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
וּבֵ֥ית אֱלָהָ֖א יִתְבְּנֵ֥א עַל־אַתְרֵֽהּ
15 And he said to him, Bear these vessels. Go. Deposit them in the temple that was in Jerusalem,
and let the house of God be built in its place.
3e 4C 22
11
אֱדַ֙יִן֙ שֵׁשְׁבַּצַּ֣ר דֵּ֔ךְ אֲתָ֗א יְהַ֧ב אֻשַּׁיָּ֛א דִּי־בֵ֥ית אֱלָהָ֖א דִּ֣י בִירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
וּמִן־אֱדַ֧יִן וְעַד־כְּעַ֛ן מִתְבְּנֵ֖א וְלָ֥א שְׁלִֽם
16 Then this Sheshbazzar arrived. He provided the foundation of the house of God that is in Jerusalem,
and from then and till now it has been in building, but it is not whole.
3c 4B 22
15
וּכְעַ֞ן הֵ֧ן עַל־מַלְכָּ֣א טָ֗ב יִ֠תְבַּקַּר בְּבֵ֨ית גִּנְזַיָּ֜א דִּי־מַלְכָּ֣א תַמָּה֮ דִּ֣י בְּבָבֶל֒ הֵ֣ן אִיתַ֗י דִּֽי־מִן־כּ֤וֹרֶשׁ מַלְכָּא֙ שִׂ֣ים טְעֵ֔ם לְמִבְנֵ֛א בֵּית־אֱלָהָ֥א דֵ֖ךְ בִּירוּשְׁלֶ֑ם
וּרְע֥וּת מַלְכָּ֛א עַל־דְּנָ֖ה יִשְׁלַ֥ח עֲלֶֽינָא
17 And now if to the king it be good to reflect in the house of the depositories of the king, that is there in Babel, whether it be so that from Cyrus the king was set the warrant to build this house of God in Jerusalem,
then let the resolution of the king on this be sent to us.
3c 4C 46
12