Saturday, November 4, 2017

Genesis 21

There are a few surprises here. Isaac, however you spell, it is not as polite as laughter. It is more like making sport of someone. In this chapter in the KJV and NIV it is inconsistently applied to Sarah and Ishmael as if God would not make sport of anyone. (I could have used mock, but that is a real hapax in another context - Psalm 73:8 מוק and it even sounds like mock in the Hebrew.)

Verse 3 is a single thought without rest as is verse 9.

Genesis 21 Fn Min Max Syll
וַֽיהוָ֛ה פָּקַ֥ד אֶת־שָׂרָ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר אָמָ֑ר
וַיַּ֧עַשׂ יְהוָ֛ה לְשָׂרָ֖ה כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבֵּֽר
1 And Yahweh visited Sarah as he promised,
and Yahweh did for Sarah as he had spoken.
3c 4B 12
13
וַתַּהַר֩ וַתֵּ֨לֶד שָׂרָ֧ה לְאַבְרָהָ֛ם בֵּ֖ן לִזְקֻנָ֑יו
לַמּוֹעֵ֕ד אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים
2 And Sarah became pregnant and gave birth to a child for Abraham in his old age,
at the appointed time that God had spoken to him.
3c 4A 16
12
וַיִּקְרָ֨א אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶֽת־שֶׁם־בְּנ֧וֹ הַנּֽוֹלַד־ל֛וֹ אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָה־לּ֥וֹ שָׂרָ֖ה יִצְחָֽק 3 And Abraham called the name of his son, born to him, whom Sarah gave birth to, for him, Yitschaq. 3c 3g 23
וַיָּ֤מָל אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת־יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ בֶּן־שְׁמֹנַ֖ת יָמִ֑ים
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה אֹת֖וֹ אֱלֹהִֽים
4 And Abraham circumcised Yitschaq his son, a child of eight days,
as God commanded him.
3d 4C 17
10
וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם בֶּן־מְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה
בְּהִוָּ֣לֶד ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ת יִצְחָ֥ק בְּנֽוֹ
5 And Abraham was a child of a hundred years,
when Yitschaq his child was born to him.
3e 4B 9
10
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר שָׂרָ֔ה צְחֹ֕ק עָ֥שָׂה לִ֖י אֱלֹהִ֑ים
כָּל־הַשֹּׁמֵ֖עַ יִֽצְחַק־לִֽי
6 And Sarah said, God has made sport of me.
All who hear will make sport of me.
3e 4B 13
8
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר מִ֤י מִלֵּל֙ לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם הֵינִ֥יקָה בָנִ֖ים שָׂרָ֑ה
כִּֽי־יָלַ֥דְתִּי בֵ֖ן לִזְקֻנָֽיו
7 And she said, Who makes a speech to Abraham about Sarah suckling children?
For I have begotten a son in his old age.
3e 4C 17
7
וַיִּגְדַּ֥ל הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַיִּגָּמַ֑ל
וַיַּ֤עַשׂ אַבְרָהָם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֣ה גָד֔וֹל בְּי֖וֹם הִגָּמֵ֥ל אֶת־יִצְחָֽק
8 And the boy grew and it was weaned,
and Abraham made a great party in the day Yitschaq was weaned.
3e 4C 10
18
וַתֵּ֨רֶא שָׂרָ֜ה אֶֽת־בֶּן־הָגָ֧ר הַמִּצְרִ֛ית אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָ֥ה לְאַבְרָהָ֖ם מְצַחֵֽק 9 And Sarah saw the child of Hagar the Egyptian, which she gave birth to for Abraham, making sport. 3c 3g 23
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לְאַבְרָהָ֔ם גָּרֵ֛שׁ הָאָמָ֥ה הַזֹּ֖את וְאֶת־בְּנָ֑הּ
כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יִירַשׁ֙ בֶּן־הָאָמָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את עִם־בְּנִ֖י עִם־יִצְחָֽק
10 And she said to Abraham, Expel this maidservant and her child,
for the child of this maidservant will not possess with my child, with Yitschaq.
3d 4C 18
16
וַיֵּ֧רַע הַדָּבָ֛ר מְאֹ֖ד בְּעֵינֵ֣י אַבְרָהָ֑ם
עַ֖ל אוֹדֹ֥ת בְּנֽוֹ
11 And the matter was very irritating in the eyes of Abraham,
concerning the agency of his son.
3c 4B 14
5
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֗ם אַל־יֵרַ֤ע בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ עַל־הַנַּ֣עַר וְעַל־אֲמָתֶ֔ךָ כֹּל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר תֹּאמַ֥ר אֵלֶ֛יךָ שָׂרָ֖ה שְׁמַ֣ע בְּקֹלָ֑הּ
כִּ֣י בְיִצְחָ֔ק יִקָּרֵ֥א לְךָ֖ זָֽרַע
12 And God said to Abraham, Let it not be irritating in your eyes concerning the lad or concerning your maidservant. All that Sarah said to you, hear with her voice,
for in Yitschaq your seed will be called.
3d 4C 42
11
וְגַ֥ם אֶת־בֶּן־הָאָמָ֖ה לְג֣וֹי אֲשִׂימֶ֑נּוּ
כִּ֥י זַרְעֲךָ֖ הֽוּא
13 And moreover, the child of the maidservant as a nation I will render,
for your seed it is.
3e 4B 14
5
וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֣ם אַבְרָהָ֣ם ׀ בַּבֹּ֡קֶר וַיִּֽקַּֽח־לֶחֶם֩ וְחֵ֨מַת מַ֜יִם וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הָ֠גָר שָׂ֧ם עַל־שִׁכְמָ֛הּ וְאֶת־הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֶ֑הָ
וַתֵּ֣לֶךְ וַתֵּ֔תַע בְּמִדְבַּ֖ר בְּאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע
14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning and took bread and a flask of water that he gave to Hagar. He set it up over her backside, and the boy, and he sent her away.
And she went, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-Sheva.
3c 4B 37
13
וַיִּכְל֥וּ הַמַּ֖יִם מִן־הַחֵ֑מֶת
וַתַּשְׁלֵ֣ךְ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד תַּ֖חַת אַחַ֥ד הַשִּׂיחִֽם
15 And the water from the flask was consumed,
and she cast the boy under one of the shrubs.
3e 4B 9
14
וַתֵּלֶךְ֩ וַתֵּ֨שֶׁב לָ֜הּ מִנֶּ֗גֶד הַרְחֵק֙ כִּמְטַחֲוֵ֣י קֶ֔שֶׁת כִּ֣י אָֽמְרָ֔ה אַל־אֶרְאֶ֖ה בְּמ֣וֹת הַיָּ֑לֶד
וַתֵּ֣שֶׁב מִנֶּ֔גֶד וַתִּשָּׂ֥א אֶת־קֹלָ֖הּ וַתֵּֽבְךְּ
16 And she went and sat herself conspicuously, distant as a bow-shot, for she said, Let me not see the death of the boy.
And she sat conspicuously and lifted up her voice and wept.
3e 4B 29
15
וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע אֱלֹהִים֮ אֶת־ק֣וֹל הַנַּעַר֒ וַיִּקְרָא֩ מַלְאַ֨ךְ אֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ אֶל־הָגָר֙ מִן־הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ מַה־לָּ֣ךְ הָגָ֑ר
אַל־תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כִּֽי־שָׁמַ֧ע אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶל־ק֥וֹל הַנַּ֖עַר בַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הוּא־שָֽׁם
17 And God heard the voice of the lad, and the messenger of God called to Hagar from the heavens, and he said to her, What is with you, Hagar?
Do not fear, for God hears the voice of the lad, in that he is there.
3c 4C 34
18
ק֚וּמִי שְׂאִ֣י אֶת־הַנַּ֔עַר וְהַחֲזִ֥יקִי אֶת־יָדֵ֖ךְ בּ֑וֹ
כִּֽי־לְג֥וֹי גָּד֖וֹל אֲשִׂימֶֽנּוּ
18 C Arise, lift up the lad and hold him resolutely with your hand,
for a great nation I will render him.
3e 4C 17
10
וַיִּפְקַ֤ח אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־עֵינֶ֔יהָ וַתֵּ֖רֶא בְּאֵ֣ר מָ֑יִם
וַתֵּ֜לֶךְ וַתְּמַלֵּ֤א אֶת־הַחֵ֙מֶת֙ מַ֔יִם וַתַּ֖שְׁקְ אֶת־הַנָּֽעַר
19 And God gave her eyes sight and she saw a well of waters,
and she went and she filled the flask with water and gave the lad drink.
3e 4C 17
18
וַיְהִ֧י אֱלֹהִ֛ים אֶת־הַנַּ֖עַר וַיִּגְדָּ֑ל
וַיֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיְהִ֖י רֹבֶ֥ה קַשָּֽׁת
20 And God was with the lad and he grew,
and inhabited the wilderness, and became skilled with a bow.
3c 4A 12
12
וַיֵּ֖שֶׁב בְּמִדְבַּ֣ר פָּארָ֑ן
וַתִּֽקַּֽח־ל֥וֹ אִמּ֛וֹ אִשָּׁ֖ה מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם
21 And he inhabited the wilderness of Paran,
and his mother took for him a woman from the land of Egypt.
3d 4B 8
14
וַֽיְהִי֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔וא וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־צְבָא֔וֹ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר
אֱלֹהִ֣ים עִמְּךָ֔ בְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֖ה עֹשֶֽׂה
22 And it happened at that time that Abimelek and Phykol, chief of his host, said to Abraham, saying,
God is with you in all that you do.
3e 4B 26
13
וְעַתָּ֗ה הִשָּׁ֨בְעָה לִּ֤י בֵֽאלֹהִים֙ הֵ֔נָּה אִם־תִּשְׁקֹ֣ר לִ֔י וּלְנִינִ֖י וּלְנֶכְדִּ֑י
כַּחֶ֜סֶד אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂ֤יתִי עִמְּךָ֙ תַּעֲשֶׂ֣ה עִמָּדִ֔י וְעִם־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־גַּ֥רְתָּה בָּֽהּ
23 So now swear to me in God here, that you will not be false to me, nor my posterity, nor my descendants,
according to the kindness that I have done with you, you will do with me, and with the land in which you have resided.
3e 4C 22
26
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם אָנֹכִ֖י אִשָּׁבֵֽעַ 24 Then Abraham said, I myself will swear. 3e 3g 13
וְהוֹכִ֥חַ אַבְרָהָ֖ם אֶת־אֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ
עַל־אֹדוֹת֙ בְּאֵ֣ר הַמַּ֔יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר גָּזְל֖וּ עַבְדֵ֥י אֲבִימֶֽלֶךְ
25 But Abraham reproved Abimelek,
over the agency of a well of water that the servants of Abimelek had ravaged.
3e 4B 12
17
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֔לֶךְ לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְתִּי מִ֥י עָשָׂ֖ה אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וְגַם־אַתָּ֞ה לֹא־הִגַּ֣דְתָּ לִּ֗י וְגַ֧ם אָנֹכִ֛י לֹ֥א שָׁמַ֖עְתִּי בִּלְתִּ֥י הַיּֽוֹם
26 And Abimelek said, I did not know who has done this thing,
and also you yourself did not make clear to me, and moreover I myself had not heard but today.
3c 4B 20
21
וַיִּקַּ֤ח אַבְרָהָם֙ צֹ֣אן וּבָקָ֔ר וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לַאֲבִימֶ֑לֶךְ
וַיִּכְרְת֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם בְּרִֽית
27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen and he gave them to Abimelek,
and they cut, both of them, a covenant.
3e 4C 18
9
וַיַּצֵּ֣ב אַבְרָהָ֗ם אֶת־שֶׁ֛בַע כִּבְשֹׂ֥ת הַצֹּ֖אן לְבַדְּהֶֽן 28 And Abraham laid out seven young lambs of the flock alone. 3d 4B 16
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲבִימֶ֖לֶךְ אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם
מָ֣ה הֵ֗נָּה שֶׁ֤בַע כְּבָשֹׂת֙ הָאֵ֔לֶּה אֲשֶׁ֥ר הִצַּ֖בְתָּ לְבַדָּֽנָה
29 Then Abimelek said to Abraham,
What are these seven young lambs these which you have laid out alone?
3e 4C 11
20
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר כִּ֚י אֶת־שֶׁ֣בַע כְּבָשֹׂ֔ת תִּקַּ֖ח מִיָּדִ֑י
בַּעֲבוּר֙ תִּֽהְיֶה־לִּ֣י לְעֵדָ֔ה כִּ֥י חָפַ֖רְתִּי אֶת־הַבְּאֵ֥ר הַזֹּֽאת
30 And he said, Because seven young lambs you will take from my hand,
so that they will be for me a testimony that I have excavated this well.
3e 4C 15
18
עַל־כֵּ֗ן קָרָ֛א לַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע
כִּ֛י שָׁ֥ם נִשְׁבְּע֖וּ שְׁנֵיהֶֽם
31 Therefore he called place that Beer-Sheva [well of the seven, of the oath],
for there they both swore.
3d 4B 13
8
וַיִּכְרְת֥וּ בְרִ֖ית בִּבְאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע
וַיָּ֣קָם אֲבִימֶ֗לֶךְ וּפִיכֹל֙ שַׂר־צְבָא֔וֹ וַיָּשֻׁ֖בוּ אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּֽים
32 And they cut a covenant in Beer-Sheva.
And Abimelek arose and Phykol, chief of his host, and they returned to the land of the Philistines.
3e 4B 10
24
וַיִּטַּ֥ע אֶ֖שֶׁל בִּבְאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע
וַיִּ֨קְרָא־שָׁ֔ם בְּשֵׁ֥ם יְהוָ֖ה אֵ֥ל עוֹלָֽם
33 And he planted a tamarisk in Beer-Sheva.
And he called there in the name of Yahweh, the One everlasting.
3e 4B 9
11
וַיָּ֧גָר אַבְרָהָ֛ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים יָמִ֥ים רַבִּֽים 34 And Abraham resided in the land of the Philistines many days. 3c 3g 16