Monday, March 5, 2018

1 Kings 19

Poor Jezebel. She does not make an imprecation as effectively as Solomon or Ruth.
1 Samuel 3:17  ...כֹּ֣ה יַעֲשֶׂה־לְּךָ֤ אֱלֹהִים֙ וְכֹ֣ה יוֹסִ֔יף אִם־
Ruth 1:17 ...כֹּה֩ יַעֲשֶׂ֨ה יְהוָ֥ה לִי֙ וְכֹ֣ה יֹסִ֔יף כִּ֣י
1 Kings 2:23 ...כֹּ֣ה יַֽעֲשֶׂה־לִּ֤י אֱלֹהִים֙ וְכֹ֣ה יוֹסִ֔יף כִּ֣י
1 Kings 19:2 ... כֹּֽה־יַעֲשׂ֤וּן אֱלֹהִים֙ וְכֹ֣ה יוֹסִפ֔וּן כִּֽי־

She forgets to say 'to me' in the curse. All the translations add to me without comment. It is not there in the text as you can see for yourself. Jezebel is careful to protect herself even from her own curses of others. She doesn't even get the number of the verb right for Elohim. Her verb is plural. If the plural was for God, the verbs would be singular as they are in the other three examples.

Most translations render נפשׁ here as life. I reserve the gloss life, living etc for חיה. Yes I suppose it might mean life, but that is not what it says. Cadaver and throat fit fine here. More suitable to Jezebel's character I suspect.

It is a bit unfair to compare Elijah to Jonah, but he lay down, is equivalent to he was laid out. and I was tempted. He is more like a tired person who returns to bed after breakfast.

Verses 14 and 10 are identical. What do we say when there is a repetition? Look between the occurrences for the meat. In this case verses 11-13 elaborate the simple message of the last words of verse 9.

1 Kings 19 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיַּגֵּ֤ד אַחְאָב֙ לְאִיזֶ֔בֶל אֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה אֵלִיָּ֑הוּ
וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָרַ֛ג אֶת־כָּל־הַנְּבִיאִ֖ים בֶּחָֽרֶב
1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done,
and that he had slain all, all the prophets by the sword.
3d 4C 19
15
וַתִּשְׁלַ֤ח אִיזֶ֙בֶל֙ מַלְאָ֔ךְ אֶל־אֵלִיָּ֖הוּ לֵאמֹ֑ר
כֹּֽה־יַעֲשׂ֤וּן אֱלֹהִים֙ וְכֹ֣ה יוֹסִפ֔וּן כִּֽי־כָעֵ֤ת מָחָר֙ אָשִׂ֣ים אֶֽת־נַפְשְׁךָ֔ כְּנֶ֖פֶשׁ אַחַ֥ד מֵהֶֽם
2 And Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying,
thus and thus gods do and add more, if by this time tomorrow, I have not set your cadaver as the cadaver of one of them.
3e 4C 15
29
וַיַּ֗רְא וַיָּ֙קָם֙ וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ אֶל־נַפְשׁ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֕א בְּאֵ֥ר שֶׁ֖בַע אֲשֶׁ֣ר לִֽיהוּדָ֑ה
וַיַּנַּ֥ח אֶֽת־נַעֲר֖וֹ שָֽׁם
3 And he saw, and he arose, and he went, for his own cadaver, and he came to Beer-Sheva (that of Judah),
and he left his lad there.
3e 4B 23
8
וְהֽוּא־הָלַ֤ךְ בַּמִּדְבָּר֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ י֔וֹם וַיָּבֹ֕א וַיֵּ֕שֶׁב תַּ֖חַת רֹ֣תֶם אֶחָ֑ד
וַיִּשְׁאַ֤ל אֶת־נַפְשׁוֹ֙ לָמ֔וּת וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀ רַ֗ב עַתָּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ קַ֣ח נַפְשִׁ֔י כִּֽי־לֹא־ט֥וֹב אָנֹכִ֖י מֵאֲבֹתָֽי
4 But he himself walked into the wilderness a days' journey and he came and sat under a specific juniper.
And he wished he was dead, and he said, Firmly, now, Yahweh, take, my cadaver, for I am not better than my ancestors.
3e 4C 22
28
וַיִּשְׁכַּב֙ וַיִּישַׁ֔ן תַּ֖חַת רֹ֣תֶם אֶחָ֑ד
וְהִנֵּֽה־זֶ֤ה מַלְאָךְ֙ נֹגֵ֣עַ בּ֔וֹ וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ל֖וֹ ק֥וּם אֱכֽוֹל
5 And he lay down and he slept under a specific juniper,
and behold, this messenger touched against him, and he said to him, Arise. Eat.
3e 4C 12
17
וַיַּבֵּ֕ט וְהִנֵּ֧ה מְרַאֲשֹׁתָ֛יו עֻגַ֥ת רְצָפִ֖ים וְצַפַּ֣חַת מָ֑יִם
וַיֹּ֣אכַל וַיֵּ֔שְׁתְּ וַיָּ֖שָׁב וַיִּשְׁכָּֽב
6 And he took note, and behold, at his head, a pancake of tessellations, and a thin wafer of water,
and he ate and imbibed and returned, and he lay down.
3c 4B 22
12
וַיָּשָׁב֩ מַלְאַ֨ךְ יְהוָ֤ה ׀ שֵׁנִית֙ וַיִּגַּע־בּ֔וֹ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר ק֣וּם אֱכֹ֑ל
כִּ֛י רַ֥ב מִמְּךָ֖ הַדָּֽרֶךְ
7 And the messenger of Yahweh returned a second time and touched against him, and he said, Arise. Eat,
for too much for you is the journey.
3d 4C 19
7
וַיָּ֖קָם וַיֹּ֣אכַל וַיִּשְׁתֶּ֑ה
וַיֵּ֜לֶךְ בְּכֹ֣חַ ׀ הָאֲכִילָ֣ה הַהִ֗יא אַרְבָּעִ֥ים יוֹם֙ וְאַרְבָּעִ֣ים לַ֔יְלָה עַ֛ד הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים חֹרֵֽב
8 And he arose and he ate and he imbibed,
and he went in the power of that food a forty day and forty night span, to the hill of the gods, Horeb.
3d 4B 9
30
וַיָּבֹא־שָׁ֥ם אֶל־הַמְּעָרָ֖ה וַיָּ֣לֶן שָׁ֑ם
וְהִנֵּ֤ה דְבַר־יְהוָה֙ אֵלָ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ מַה־לְּךָ֥ פֹ֖ה אֵלִיָּֽהוּ
9 And he came there to the cave and lodged there,
and behold, the word of Yahweh to him, and he said to him, Why are you here, Elijah?
3e 4C 12
21
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ קַנֹּ֨א קִנֵּ֜אתִי לַיהוָ֣ה ׀ אֱלֹהֵ֣י צְבָא֗וֹת כִּֽי־עָזְב֤וּ בְרִֽיתְךָ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶת־מִזְבְּחֹתֶ֣יךָ הָרָ֔סוּ וְאֶת־נְבִיאֶ֖יךָ הָרְג֣וּ בֶחָ֑רֶב
וָֽאִוָּתֵ֤ר אֲנִי֙ לְבַדִּ֔י וַיְבַקְשׁ֥וּ אֶת־נַפְשִׁ֖י לְקַחְתָּֽהּ
10 And he said, Jealous. I was jealous for Yahweh the God of hosts. for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, your altars they have overthrown, and your prophets they have slain by the sword,
and I remain, I, only I, and they seek my throat to take it.
3e 4C 47
18
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר צֵ֣א וְעָמַדְתָּ֣ בָהָר֮ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָה֒ וְהִנֵּ֧ה יְהוָ֣ה עֹבֵ֗ר וְר֣וּחַ גְּדוֹלָ֡ה וְחָזָ֞ק מְפָרֵק֩ הָרִ֨ים וּמְשַׁבֵּ֤ר סְלָעִים֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה לֹ֥א בָר֖וּחַ יְהוָ֑ה
וְאַחַ֤ר הָר֨וּחַ רַ֔עַשׁ לֹ֥א בָרַ֖עַשׁ יְהוָֽה
11 And he said, Go forth and stand on the hill in the presence of Yahweh. And behold Yahweh passed by, and a great and resolute wind rent hills and broke cliffs in the presence of Yahweh. Not in the wind, Yahweh.
And after the wind, a quake. Not in the quake, Yahweh.
3c 4C 51
14
וְאַחַ֤ר הָרַ֙עַשׁ֙ אֵ֔שׁ לֹ֥א בָאֵ֖שׁ יְהוָ֑ה
וְאַחַ֣ר הָאֵ֔שׁ ק֖וֹל דְּמָמָ֥ה דַקָּֽה
12 And after the quake, a fire. Not in the fire, Yahweh.
And after the fire, a voice muted, finely ground.
3e 4C 12
11
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כִּשְׁמֹ֣עַ אֵלִיָּ֗הוּ וַיָּ֤לֶט פָּנָיו֙ בְּאַדַּרְתּ֔וֹ וַיֵּצֵ֕א וַֽיַּעֲמֹ֖ד פֶּ֣תַח הַמְּעָרָ֑ה
וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵלָיו֙ ק֔וֹל וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מַה־לְּךָ֥ פֹ֖ה אֵלִיָּֽהוּ
13 And it happened as Elijah heard, and he clutched his face in his majestic cape, and came forth and stood in the opening of the cave,
and behold to him, a voice, and it said, Why are you here, Elijah?
3e 4C 30
17
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ קַנֹּ֨א קִנֵּ֜אתִי לַיהוָ֣ה ׀ אֱלֹהֵ֣י צְבָא֗וֹת כִּֽי־עָזְב֤וּ בְרִֽיתְךָ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶת־מִזְבְּחֹתֶ֣יךָ הָרָ֔סוּ וְאֶת־נְבִיאֶ֖יךָ הָרְג֣וּ בֶחָ֑רֶב
וָאִוָּתֵ֤ר אֲנִי֙ לְבַדִּ֔י וַיְבַקְשׁ֥וּ אֶת־נַפְשִׁ֖י לְקַחְתָּֽהּ
14 And he said, Jealous. I was jealous for Yahweh the God of hosts. for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, your altars they have overthrown, and your prophets they have slain by the sword,
and I remain, I, only I, and they seek my throat to take it.
3e 4C 47
18
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֵלָ֔יו לֵ֛ךְ שׁ֥וּב לְדַרְכְּךָ֖ מִדְבַּ֣רָה דַמָּ֑שֶׂק
וּבָ֗אתָ וּמָשַׁחְתָּ֧ אֶת־חֲזָאֵ֛ל לְמֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־אֲרָֽם
15 And Yahweh said to him, Go. Return on your way toward the wilderness of Damascus,
and come and anoint Hazael to reign over Aram.
3c 4C 19
17
וְאֵת֙ יֵה֣וּא בֶן־נִמְשִׁ֔י תִּמְשַׁ֥ח לְמֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְאֶת־אֱלִישָׁ֤ע בֶּן־שָׁפָט֙ מֵאָבֵ֣ל מְחוֹלָ֔ה תִּמְשַׁ֥ח לְנָבִ֖יא תַּחְתֶּֽיךָ
16 And Jehu child of Nimshi, you will anoint king over Israel,
and Elisha, child of Shaphat from Abel-Mecholah, you will anoint as prophet instead of you.
3e 4C 16
22
וְהָיָ֗ה הַנִּמְלָ֛ט מֵחֶ֥רֶב חֲזָאֵ֖ל יָמִ֣ית יֵה֑וּא
וְהַנִּמְלָ֛ט מֵחֶ֥רֶב יֵה֖וּא יָמִ֥ית אֱלִישָֽׁע
17 And it will happen that one who escapes from the sword of Hazael, Jehu will put to death,
and one who escapes from the sword of Jehu, Elisha will put to death.
3d 4B 16
14
וְהִשְׁאַרְתִּ֥י בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שִׁבְעַ֣ת אֲלָפִ֑ים
כָּל־הַבִּרְכַּ֗יִם אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹֽא־כָֽרְעוּ֙ לַבַּ֔עַל וְכָ֨ל־הַפֶּ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־נָשַׁ֖ק לֽוֹ
18 I will also leave a residue in Israel, seven thousand,
all the knees that have not bowed down to Baal, and every mouth that has not kissed him.
3e 4C 13
21
וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ מִ֠שָּׁם וַיִּמְצָ֞א אֶת־אֱלִישָׁ֤ע בֶּן־שָׁפָט֙ וְה֣וּא חֹרֵ֔שׁ שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֤ר צְמָדִים֙ לְפָנָ֔יו וְה֖וּא בִּשְׁנֵ֣ים הֶעָשָׂ֑ר
וַיַּעֲבֹ֤ר אֵלִיָּ֙הוּ֙ אֵלָ֔יו וַיַּשְׁלֵ֥ךְ אַדַּרְתּ֖וֹ אֵלָֽיו
19 And he went from there and found Elisha child of Shaphat, and he was ploughing twelve pair before him. And he was with the twelfth.
And Elijah passed through to him and flung his majestic cape to him.
3e 4C 36
18
וַיַּעֲזֹ֣ב אֶת־הַבָּקָ֗ר וַיָּ֙רָץ֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י אֵֽלִיָּ֔הוּ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אֶשְּׁקָה־נָּא֙ לְאָבִ֣י וּלְאִמִּ֔י וְאֵלְכָ֖ה אַחֲרֶ֑יךָ
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ לֵ֣ךְ שׁ֔וּב כִּ֥י מֶה־עָשִׂ֖יתִי לָֽךְ
20 So he forsook the oxen, and raced after Elijah, and said, Let me kiss, please, my father and my mother, that I may go after you.
And he said to him, Go. Return. But what have I done to you?
3e 4C 37
12
וַיָּ֨שָׁב מֵאַחֲרָ֜יו וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת־צֶ֧מֶד הַבָּקָ֣ר וַיִּזְבָּחֵ֗הוּ וּבִכְלִ֤י הַבָּקָר֙ בִּשְּׁלָ֣ם הַבָּשָׂ֔ר וַיִּתֵּ֥ן לָעָ֖ם וַיֹּאכֵ֑לוּ
וַיָּ֗קָם וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ אַחֲרֵ֥י אֵלִיָּ֖הוּ וַיְשָׁרְתֵֽהוּ
21 And he returned from behind him, and he took a pair of the oxen and sacrificed it. And with the instruments of the oxen, he boiled their flesh, and gave to the people, and they ate.
And he arose and he walked after Elijah, and ministered to him.
3c 4C 41
17