Tuesday, March 13, 2018

2 Samuel 10

The parallel to 1 Chronicles 19.2. The text was 70% guessed as a result of the prior chapter. There are several differences. I leave it to the diligent reader to put the texts side by side. Note the hundreds of charioteers slain in this chapter, compared to the thousands in 1 Chronicles 19.

2 Samuel 10 Fn Min Max Syll
וַֽיְהִי֙ אַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֔ן וַיָּ֕מָת מֶ֖לֶךְ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֑וֹן
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ חָנ֥וּן בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
1 And it was after such, that the king of the children of Ammon died,
and Xanun, his son, reigned in his stead.
3d 4B 15
9
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜ד אֶעֱשֶׂה־חֶ֣סֶד ׀ עִם־חָנ֣וּן בֶּן־נָחָ֗שׁ כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ עָשָׂ֨ה אָבִ֤יו עִמָּדִי֙ חֶ֔סֶד וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח דָּוִ֧ד לְנַחֲמ֛וֹ בְּיַד־עֲבָדָ֖יו אֶל־אָבִ֑יו
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ עַבְדֵ֣י דָוִ֔ד אֶ֖רֶץ בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
2 And David said, I will undertake kindness with Xanun, child of Nachas, as his father had done kindness with me. And David reached out to comfort him by the hand of his servants to his father.
So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon.
3c 4C 45
13
וַיֹּאמְרוּ֩ שָׂרֵ֨י בְנֵֽי־עַמּ֜וֹן אֶל־חָנ֣וּן אֲדֹֽנֵיהֶ֗ם הַֽמְכַבֵּ֨ד דָּוִ֤ד אֶת־אָבִ֙יךָ֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־שָׁלַ֥ח לְךָ֖ מְנַֽחֲמִ֑ים
הֲ֠לוֹא בַּעֲב֞וּר חֲק֤וֹר אֶת־הָעִיר֙ וּלְרַגְּלָ֣הּ וּלְהָפְכָ֔הּ שָׁלַ֥ח דָּוִ֛ד אֶת־עֲבָדָ֖יו אֵלֶֽיךָ
3 But the chiefs of the children of Ammon said to Xanun their master, Does David glorify your father in your eyes that he sent you comforters?
Is it not in passing through, examining the city, and to survey and to overturn, that David sent his servants to you?
3d 4C 36
27
וַיִּקַּ֨ח חָנ֜וּן אֶת־עַבְדֵ֣י דָוִ֗ד וַיְגַלַּח֙ אֶת־חֲצִ֣י זְקָנָ֔ם וַיִּכְרֹ֧ת אֶת־מַדְוֵיהֶ֛ם בַּחֵ֖צִי עַ֣ד שְׁתֽוֹתֵיהֶ֑ם
וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵֽם
4 And Xanun took the servants of David and shaved half their beard, and he cut off their leggings half way up to their fundamentals,
then he sent them away.
3c 4B 34
3
וַיַּגִּ֤דוּ לְדָוִד֙ וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח לִקְרָאתָ֔ם כִּֽי־הָי֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים נִכְלָמִ֣ים מְאֹ֑ד
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ שְׁב֣וּ בִֽירֵח֔וֹ עַד־יְצַמַּ֥ח זְקַנְכֶ֖ם וְשַׁבְתֶּֽם
5 And they told David, and he sent to encounter them, for the men were humiliated excessively,
and the king said, Sit in Jericho until your beards grow, then return.
3e 4C 24
21
וַיִּרְאוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֔וֹן כִּ֥י נִבְאֲשׁ֖וּ בְּדָוִ֑ד
וַיִּשְׁלְח֣וּ בְנֵֽי־עַמּ֡וֹן וַיִּשְׂכְּרוּ֩ אֶת־אֲרַ֨ם בֵּית־רְח֜וֹב וְאֶת־אֲרַ֣ם צוֹבָ֗א עֶשְׂרִ֥ים אֶ֙לֶף֙ רַגְלִ֔י וְאֶת־מֶ֤לֶךְ מַֽעֲכָה֙ אֶ֣לֶף אִ֔ישׁ וְאִ֣ישׁ ט֔וֹב שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר אֶ֖לֶף אִֽישׁ
6 And the children of Ammon saw that they stank in David.
And the children of Ammon sent and they hired the Aramaeans of the house of Rexob, and the Aramaeans of Tsobah, twenty thousand on foot, and the king of Makah a thousand men, and Ishtov, twelve thousand men.
3e 4C 14
49
וַיִּשְׁמַ֖ע דָּוִ֑ד
וַיִּשְׁלַח֙ אֶת־יוֹאָ֔ב וְאֵ֥ת כָּל־הַצָּבָ֖א הַגִּבֹּרִֽים
7 And David heard,
and he sent Joab and all the host of the valiant.
3e 4A 5
16
וַיֵּֽצְאוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֔וֹן וַיַּעַרְכ֥וּ מִלְחָמָ֖ה פֶּ֣תַח הַשָּׁ֑עַר
וַאֲרַ֨ם צוֹבָ֤א וּרְחוֹב֙ וְאִֽישׁ־ט֣וֹב וּמַֽעֲכָ֔ה לְבַדָּ֖ם בַּשָּׂדֶֽה
8 And the children of Ammon went forth and were arranged for battle at the door of the gate.
And the Aramaeans of Tsobah and Rexob and Ishtob and Makah, they alone were in the field.
3e 4C 19
20
וַיַּ֣רְא יוֹאָ֗ב כִּֽי־הָיְתָ֤ה אֵלָיו֙ פְּנֵ֣י הַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה מִפָּנִ֖ים וּמֵֽאָח֑וֹר
וַיִּבְחַ֗ר מִכֹּל֙ בְּחוּרֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ לִקְרַ֥את אֲרָֽם
9 And Joab saw that the face of the battle was to him from before and from behind,
and he chose from all the chosen of Israel, and arranged to encounter Aram.
3e 4C 22
19
וְאֵת֙ יֶ֣תֶר הָעָ֔ם נָתַ֕ן בְּיַ֖ד אַבְשַׁ֣י אָחִ֑יו
וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֕ךְ לִקְרַ֖את בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
10 And the remaining of the people he assigned by the hand of Abishai his brother,
and he arranged to encounter the children of Ammon.
3e 4B 14
10
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אִם־תֶּחֱזַ֤ק אֲרָם֙ מִמֶּ֔נִּי וְהָיִ֥תָה לִּ֖י לִֽישׁוּעָ֑ה
וְאִם־בְּנֵ֤י עַמּוֹן֙ יֶחֱזְק֣וּ מִמְּךָ֔ וְהָלַכְתִּ֖י לְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַֽ לָֽךְ
11 And he said, If Aram is too resolute for me, then let you be for me for salvation,
or if the children of Ammon are too resolute for you, then I will go to save you.
3e 4C 20
20
חֲזַ֤ק וְנִתְחַזַּק֙ בְּעַד־עַמֵּ֔נוּ וּבְעַ֖ד עָרֵ֣י אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ
וַֽיהוָ֔ה יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה הַטּ֖וֹב בְּעֵינָֽיו
12 Be courageous, and let us be resolute through our people, and for the cities of our God,
and let Yahweh do what is good in his eyes.
3e 4C 19
10
וַיִּגַּ֣שׁ יוֹאָ֗ב וְהָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִמּ֔וֹ לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה בַּֽאֲרָ֑ם
וַיָּנֻ֖סוּ מִפָּנָֽיו
13 And Joab and the people who were with him made overture to battle among the Aramaeans,
and they withdrew from before him.
3e 4B 19
7
וּבְנֵ֨י עַמּ֤וֹן רָאוּ֙ כִּי־נָ֣ס אֲרָ֔ם וַיָּנֻ֙סוּ֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י אֲבִישַׁ֔י וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ הָעִ֑יר
וַיָּ֣שָׁב יוֹאָ֗ב מֵעַל֙ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֔וֹן וַיָּבֹ֖א יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
14 The children of Ammon saw that Aram had withdrawn and they withdrew from the face of Abishai, and they entered the city.
And Joab returned from the children of Ammon and came into Jerusalem.
3e 4C 24
18
וַיַּ֣רְא אֲרָ֔ם כִּ֥י נִגַּ֖ף לִפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיֵּאָסְפ֖וּ יָֽחַד
15 And Aram saw that they were plagued in the face of Israel,
and they gathered as one.
3e 4B 12
6
וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח הֲדַדְעֶ֗זֶר וַיֹּצֵ֤א אֶת־אֲרָם֙ אֲשֶׁר֙ מֵעֵ֣בֶר הַנָּהָ֔ר וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ חֵילָ֑ם
וְשׁוֹבַ֛ךְ שַׂר־צְבָ֥א הֲדַדְעֶ֖זֶר לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
16 And Hadadezer sent and he brought out the Aramaeans that are from across the river, and they entered Xelam,
and Shoback, chief of the host of Hadadezer, was before them.
3d 4C 26
13
וַיֻּגַּ֣ד לְדָוִ֗ד וַיֶּאֱסֹ֤ף אֶת־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ר אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן וַיָּבֹ֖א חֵלָ֑אמָה
וַיַּעַרְכ֤וּ אֲרָם֙ לִקְרַ֣את דָּוִ֔ד וַיִּלָּחֲמ֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ
17 And David was told, and he gathered all Israel and crossed over the Jordan and came toward Xelam.
And Aram was arranged to encounter David, and they fought with him.
3e 4C 29
17
וַיָּ֣נָס אֲרָם֮ מִפְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַיַּהֲרֹ֨ג דָּוִ֜ד מֵאֲרָ֗ם שְׁבַ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ רֶ֔כֶב וְאַרְבָּעִ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף פָּרָשִׁ֑ים
וְאֵ֨ת שׁוֹבַ֧ךְ שַׂר־צְבָא֛וֹ הִכָּ֖ה וַיָּ֥מָת שָֽׁם
18 And Aram withdrew from the face of Israel, and David slew from Aram seven hundred charioteers, and forty thousand cavalry,
and Shoback chief of his host, he struck, and he died there.
3c 4C 34
14
וַיִּרְא֨וּ כָֽל־הַמְּלָכִ֜ים עַבְדֵ֣י הֲדַדְעֶ֗זֶר כִּ֤י נִגְּפוּ֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיַּשְׁלִ֥מוּ אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וַיַּֽעַבְד֑וּם
וַיִּֽרְא֣וּ אֲרָ֔ם לְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַ ע֖וֹד אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
19 And all the kings, the servants of Hadadezer, saw that they were plagued in the face of Israel, and they made peace with Israel, and served them.
And Aram feared to save any more the children of Ammon.
3e 4C 33
15