Thursday, March 8, 2018

2 Chronicles 23

In verse 8, פטר takes on a new shade of gloss, excuse. It is not used often (about 19 verses), so we will see if the new gloss fits with uses not yet read. Here we read the entering and exiting of the Sabbath ministry as coming on duty and going off duty. But both divisions were present at 'the changing of the guard' so both could provide support for the young king, Joash, who had been secreted in the temple during the 6 year reign of Athaliah, the mother of the previous king. See chapters 22 and 21 which we read way back in August 2017.

Verse 13 is the culmination of the temple as fortress under the command of a priest. And music as a weapon of government in the service of the promise to David.

Verse 1 is 75 syllables without a rest including a recitation on a single reciting note of length 46 syllables. I suppose in the political situation with the king in hiding, there was no time to think of a rest. The prose in this chapter (and its parallel) also illustrates some very short sections after the atnah in a few verses, saving the thrust of the verse to the end of the musical phrase.

2 Chronicles 23 Fn Min Max Syll
וּבַשָּׁנָ֨ה הַשְּׁבִעִ֜ית הִתְחַזַּ֣ק יְהוֹיָדָ֗ע וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת־שָׂרֵ֣י הַמֵּא֡וֹת לַעֲזַרְיָ֣הוּ בֶן־יְרֹחָ֡ם וּלְיִשְׁמָעֵ֣אל בֶּן־יְ֠הוֹחָנָן וְלַֽעֲזַרְיָ֨הוּ בֶן־עוֹבֵ֜ד וְאֶת־מַעֲשֵׂיָ֧הוּ בֶן־עֲדָיָ֛הוּ וְאֶת־אֱלִישָׁפָ֥ט בֶּן־זִכְרִ֖י עִמּ֥וֹ בַבְּרִֽית 1 And in the seventh year Jehoiada was encouraged, and he took the chiefs of hundreds, of Azariah child of Jeroham, of Yishmaeil child of Yehoxanan, and of Azariah child of Obed, and Maaseyah child of Adiyah, and Elishaphat child of Zikri, with him into covenant. 3c 4B 75
וַיָּסֹ֙בּוּ֙ בִּֽיהוּדָ֔ה וַיִּקְבְּצ֤וּ אֶת־הַלְוִיִּם֙ מִכָּל־עָרֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֔ה וְרָאשֵׁ֥י הָאָב֖וֹת לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
2 And they went around in Judah and collected the Levites from all the cities of Judah, and those preeminent of the fathers of Israel,
and they came to Jerusalem.
3e 4C 32
8
וַיִּכְרֹ֨ת כָּל־הַקָּהָ֥ל בְּרִ֛ית בְּבֵ֥ית הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים עִם־הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֗ם הִנֵּ֤ה בֶן־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ יִמְלֹ֔ךְ כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה עַל־בְּנֵ֥י דָוִֽיד
3 And all the congregation cut a covenant in the house of God with the king,
and he said to them, Behold, the child of the king, let him reign, as Yahweh has spoken, over the children of David.
3d 4C 19
25
זֶ֥ה הַדָּבָ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר תַּעֲשׂ֑וּ
הַשְּׁלִשִׁ֨ית מִכֶּ֜ם בָּאֵ֣י הַשַּׁבָּ֗ת לַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ וְלַלְוִיִּ֔ם לְשֹֽׁעֲרֵ֖י הַסִּפִּֽים
4 f This is the thing which you will do,
the third of you will come on duty on the Sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, of the gatekeepers of the doorways.
3e 4B 9
25
וְהַשְּׁלִשִׁית֙ בְּבֵ֣ית הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְהַשְּׁלִשִׁ֖ית בְּשַׁ֣עַר הַיְס֑וֹד
וְכָל־הָעָ֔ם בְּחַצְר֖וֹת בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
5 And the third in the house of the king, and the third at the gate of the foundations,
and all the people in the courts of the house of Yahweh.
3e 4B 18
10
וְאַל־יָב֣וֹא בֵית־יְהוָ֗ה כִּ֤י אִם־הַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ וְהַמְשָׁרְתִ֣ים לַלְוִיִּ֔ם הֵ֥מָּה יָבֹ֖אוּ כִּי־קֹ֣דֶשׁ הֵ֑מָּה
וְכָל־הָעָ֔ם יִשְׁמְר֖וּ מִשְׁמֶ֥רֶת יְהוָֽה
6 And none will enter the house of Yahweh except the priests and the ministers of the Levites. They will enter, for they are holy.
And all the people will keep the watch of Yahweh.
3e 4C 28
12
וְהִקִּיפוּ֩ הַלְוִיִּ֨ם אֶת־הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ סָבִ֗יב אִ֚ישׁ וְכֵלָ֣יו בְּיָד֔וֹ וְהַבָּ֥א אֶל־הַבַּ֖יִת יוּמָ֑ת
וִֽהְי֥וּ אֶת־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ בְּבֹא֥וֹ וּבְצֵאתֽוֹ
7 And the Levites will encompass the king round about, each, his instruments in his hand, and who comes to the house will be put to death.
And they will be with the king when he comes and when he exits.
3e 4C 29
11
וַיַּעֲשׂ֨וּ הַלְוִיִּ֜ם וְכָל־יְהוּדָ֗ה כְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּה֮ יְהוֹיָדָ֣ע הַכֹּהֵן֒ וַיִּקְחוּ֙ אִ֣ישׁ אֶת־אֲנָשָׁ֔יו בָּאֵ֣י הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת עִ֖ם יוֹצְאֵ֣י הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת
כִּ֣י לֹ֥א פָטַ֛ר יְהוֹיָדָ֥ע הַכֹּהֵ֖ן אֶת־הַֽמַּחְלְקֽוֹת
8 And the Levites and all Judah did everything that Jehoiada the priest commanded and they took each his men that were to come on duty on the Sabbath with those going off duty on the Sabbath,
for Jehoiada the priest had not excused the divisions.
3d 4B 44
16
וַיִּתֵּן֩ יְהוֹיָדָ֨ע הַכֹּהֵ֜ן לְשָׂרֵ֣י הַמֵּא֗וֹת אֶת־הַֽחֲנִיתִים֙ וְאֶת־הַמָּגִנּוֹת֙ וְאֶת־הַשְּׁלָטִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ דָּוִ֑יד
אֲשֶׁ֖ר בֵּ֥ית הָאֱלֹהִֽים
9 And Jehoiada the priest gave to the chiefs of hundreds spears and shields and the escutcheons that had belonged to the king David,
that were for the house of God.
3e 4B 39
7
וַיַּעֲמֵ֨ד אֶת־כָּל־הָעָ֜ם וְאִ֣ישׁ ׀ שִׁלְח֣וֹ בְיָד֗וֹ מִכֶּ֨תֶף הַבַּ֤יִת הַיְמָנִית֙ עַד־כֶּ֤תֶף הַבַּ֙יִת֙ הַשְּׂמָאלִ֔ית לַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ וְלַבָּ֑יִת
עַל־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ סָבִֽיב
10 And he made all the people stand, and each his javelin in his hand, from the right hand shoulder of the house to the left hand shoulder of the house, to the altar and to the house,
by the king round about.
3e 4C 41
6
וַיּוֹצִ֣יאוּ אֶת־בֶּן־הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ עָלָיו֙ אֶת־הַנֵּ֙זֶר֙ וְאֶת־הָ֣עֵד֔וּת וַיַּמְלִ֖יכוּ אֹת֑וֹ
וַיִּמְשָׁחֻ֙הוּ֙ יְהוֹיָדָ֣ע וּבָנָ֔יו וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ יְחִ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
11 And they brought out the child of the king and positioned over him the consecration and the testimony, and they made him king,
and Jehoiada and his children anointed him and they said, May the king live.
3e 4C 29
20
וַתִּשְׁמַ֣ע עֲתַלְיָ֗הוּ אֶת־ק֤וֹל הָעָם֙ הָֽרָצִ֔ים וְהַֽמְהַֽלְלִ֖ים אֶת־הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַתָּב֥וֹא אֶל־הָעָ֖ם בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
12 And when Ataliah heard the voice of the people racing and praising the king,
she came to the people into the house of Yahweh.
3e 4C 22
9
וַתֵּ֡רֶא וְהִנֵּ֣ה הַמֶּלֶךְ֩ עוֹמֵ֨ד עַֽל־עַמּוּד֜וֹ בַּמָּב֗וֹא וְהַשָּׂרִ֣ים וְהַחֲצֹצְרוֹת֮ עַל־הַמֶּלֶךְ֒ וְכָל־עַ֨ם הָאָ֜רֶץ שָׂמֵ֗חַ וְתוֹקֵ֙עַ֙ בַּחֲצֹ֣צְר֔וֹת וְהַמְשֽׁוֹרֲרִים֙ בִּכְלֵ֣י הַשִּׁ֔יר וּמוֹדִיעִ֖ים לְהַלֵּ֑ל
וַתִּקְרַ֤ע עֲתַלְיָ֙הוּ֙ אֶת־בְּגָדֶ֔יהָ וַתֹּ֖אמֶר קֶ֥שֶׁר קָֽשֶׁר
13 And she saw, and behold the king standing by his pillar at the entry, and the nobles and the trumpets to the king, and all the people of the land glad, and the sound of the trumpets, and the singers with the instruments of the song, and those with the knowledge to praise,
and Ataliah ripped her garments and she said, Collusion. Collusion.
3e 4C 64
19
וַיּוֹצֵא֩ יְהוֹיָדָ֨ע הַכֹּהֵ֜ן אֶת־שָׂרֵ֥י הַמֵּא֣וֹת ׀ פְּקוּדֵ֣י הַחַ֗יִל וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ הֽוֹצִיא֙וּהָ֙ אֶל־מִבֵּ֣ית הַשְּׂדֵר֔וֹת וְהַבָּ֥א אַחֲרֶ֖יהָ יוּמַ֣ת בֶּחָ֑רֶב
כִּ֚י אָמַ֣ר הַכֹּהֵ֔ן לֹ֥א תְמִית֖וּהָ בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
14 And Jehoiada the priest brought forth the chiefs of the hundreds officiating over the force, and he said to them, Have her brought forth from the house and the slats, and who comes following her will be put to death by the sword,
because, said the priest, Do not put her to death in the house of Yahweh.
3e 4C 50
14
וַיָּשִׂ֤ימוּ לָהּ֙ יָדַ֔יִם וַתָּב֛וֹא אֶל־מְב֥וֹא שַֽׁעַר־הַסּוּסִ֖ים בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיְמִית֖וּהָ שָֽׁם
15 So they laid hands on her, and when she had come to the entry of the gate of the horses, of the house of the king,
they put her to death there.
3d 4C 22
5
וַיִּכְרֹ֤ת יְהוֹיָדָע֙ בְּרִ֔ית בֵּינ֕וֹ וּבֵ֥ין כָּל־הָעָ֖ם וּבֵ֣ין הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
לִהְי֥וֹת לְעָ֖ם לַיהוָֽה
16 And Jehoiada cut a covenant between him and all the people and the king,
to be the people of Yahweh.
3e 4C 21
6
וַיָּבֹ֨אוּ כָל־הָעָ֤ם בֵּית־הַבַּ֙עַל֙ וַֽיִּתְּצֻ֔הוּ וְאֶת־מִזְבְּחֹתָ֥יו וְאֶת־צְלָמָ֖יו שִׁבֵּ֑רוּ
וְאֵ֗ת מַתָּן֙ כֹּהֵ֣ן הַבַּ֔עַל הָרְג֖וּ לִפְנֵ֥י הַֽמִּזְבְּחֽוֹת
17 And all the people entered the house of the Baal and broke it down and its altars. And its images they broke.
And Mattan, a priest of the Baal, they slew before the altars.
3e 4C 28
17
וַיָּשֶׂם֩ יְהוֹיָדָ֨ע פְּקֻדֹּ֜ת בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֗ה בְּיַ֨ד הַכֹּהֲנִ֣ים הַלְוִיִּם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָלַ֣ק דָּוִיד֮ עַל־בֵּ֣ית יְהוָה֒ לְֽהַעֲל֞וֹת עֹל֣וֹת יְהוָ֗ה כַּכָּת֛וּב בְּתוֹרַ֥ת מֹשֶׁ֖ה בְּשִׂמְחָ֣ה וּבְשִׁ֑יר
עַ֖ל יְדֵ֥י דָוִֽיד
18 And Jehoiada set officers over the house of Yahweh by the hand of the priests, the Levites that David divided over the house of Yahweh to offer up the burnt offerings of Yahweh, as it is written in the instruction of Moses, with gladness and with song,
by the hand of David.
3d 4B 53
5
וַֽיַּעֲמֵד֙ הַשּׁ֣וֹעֲרִ֔ים עַֽל־שַׁעֲרֵ֖י בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
וְלֹֽא־יָבֹ֥א טָמֵ֖א לְכָל־דָּבָֽר
19 And he made the gatekeepers stand over the gates of the House of Yahweh,
and none could enter defiled for any matter.
3e 4B 15
9
וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת־שָׂרֵ֣י הַמֵּא֡וֹת וְאֶת־הָֽאַדִּירִים֩ וְאֶת־הַמּֽוֹשְׁלִ֨ים בָּעָ֜ם וְאֵ֣ת ׀ כָּל־עַ֣ם הָאָ֗רֶץ וַיּ֤וֹרֶד אֶת־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ מִבֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֛אוּ בְּתֽוֹךְ־שַׁ֥עַר הָֽעֶלְי֖וֹן בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיּוֹשִׁ֙יבוּ֙ אֶת־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ עַ֖ל כִּסֵּ֥א הַמַּמְלָכָֽה
20 And he took the chiefs of hundreds, and the majesties, and the governors among the people, and all the people of the land, and he brought down the king from the house of Yahweh, and they came into the midst of the higher gate into the house of the king,
and they sat the king on the throne of the kingdom.
3d 4C 54
15
וַיִּשְׂמְח֥וּ כָל־עַם־הָאָ֖רֶץ וְהָעִ֣יר שָׁקָ֑טָה
וְאֶת־עֲתַלְיָ֖הוּ הֵמִ֥יתוּ בֶחָֽרֶב
21 And all the people of the land were glad, and the city was quiet,
and Ataliah they put to death by the sword.
3e 4B 15
12