Monday, March 12, 2018

1 Chronicles 19

Xanun is almost gracious, but he is the son of Nachas, the snake, so probably not. Psalm 60 celebrates this victory. The allusion to David's being helped by Nachas is possibly 2 Samuel 7:27, but it seems the helper here is another son of Nachas, and I wonder about the chronology, but we'll get there at some point.
1 Chronicles 19 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִי֙ אַחֲרֵי־כֵ֔ן וַיָּ֕מָת נָחָ֖שׁ מֶ֣לֶךְ בְּנֵי־עַמּ֑וֹן
וַיִּמְלֹ֥ךְ בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
1 And it was after such that Nachas, king of the children of Ammon, died,
and his son reigned in his stead.
3e 4B 16
7
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜יד אֶֽעֱשֶׂה־חֶ֣סֶד ׀ עִם־חָנ֣וּן בֶּן־נָחָ֗שׁ כִּֽי־עָשָׂ֨ה אָבִ֤יו עִמִּי֙ חֶ֔סֶד וַיִּשְׁלַ֥ח דָּוִ֛יד מַלְאָכִ֖ים לְנַחֲמ֣וֹ עַל־אָבִ֑יו
וַיָּבֹאוּ֩ עַבְדֵ֨י דָוִ֜יד אֶל־אֶ֧רֶץ בְּנֵי־עַמּ֛וֹן אֶל־חָנ֖וּן לְנַחֲמֽוֹ
2 And David said, I will undertake kindness with Xanun, child of Nachas, for his father had done kindness with me, and David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father.
So the servants of David came to the land of the children of Ammon to Xanun to comfort him.
3c 4C 39
20
וַיֹּאמְרוּ֩ שָׂרֵ֨י בְנֵי־עַמּ֜וֹן לְחָנ֗וּן הַֽמְכַבֵּ֨ד דָּוִ֤יד אֶת־אָבִ֙יךָ֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ כִּֽי־שָׁלַ֥ח לְךָ֖ מְנַחֲמִ֑ים
הֲלֹ֡א בַּ֠עֲבוּר לַחְקֹ֨ר וְלַהֲפֹ֤ךְ וּלְרַגֵּל֙ הָאָ֔רֶץ בָּ֥אוּ עֲבָדָ֖יו אֵלֶֽיךָ
3 But the chiefs of the children of Ammon said to Xanun, Does David glorify your father in your eyes that he sent you comforters?
Is it not in passing through, to examine, to overturn, and to survey the land, that his servants came to you?
3e 4C 32
25
וַיִּקַּ֨ח חָנ֜וּן אֶת־עַבְדֵ֤י דָוִיד֙ וַֽיְגַלְּחֵ֔ם וַיִּכְרֹ֧ת אֶת־מַדְוֵיהֶ֛ם בַּחֵ֖צִי עַד־הַמִּפְשָׂעָ֑ה
וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵֽם
4 And Xanun took the servants of David and shaved them, and he cut off their leggings half way up to the buttocks,
then he sent them away.
3c 4C 28
3
וַיֵּלְכוּ֩ וַיַּגִּ֨ידוּ לְדָוִ֤יד עַל־הָֽאֲנָשִׁים֙ וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח לִקְרָאתָ֔ם כִּי־הָי֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים נִכְלָמִ֣ים מְאֹ֑ד
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ שְׁב֣וּ בִֽירֵח֔וֹ עַ֛ד אֲשֶׁר־יְצַמַּ֥ח זְקַנְכֶ֖ם וְשַׁבְתֶּֽם
5 And they went and they told David about the men, and he sent to encounter them, for the men were humiliated excessively,
and the king said, Sit in Jericho until your beards grow, then return.
3d 4C 32
23
וַיִּרְאוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֔וֹן כִּ֥י הִֽתְבָּאֲשׁ֖וּ עִם־דָּוִ֑יד
וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח חָ֠נוּן וּבְנֵ֨י עַמּ֜וֹן אֶ֣לֶף כִּכַּר־כֶּ֗סֶף לִשְׂכֹּ֣ר לָ֠הֶם מִן־אֲרַ֨ם נַהֲרַ֜יִם וּמִן־אֲרַ֤ם מַעֲכָה֙ וּמִצּוֹבָ֔ה רֶ֖כֶב וּפָרָשִֽׁים
6 And the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves stink with David,
so Xanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves, from the Aramaeans of the two rivers, and from the Aramaeans of Makah, and from Tsobah, chariot and cavaliers.
3e 4C 15
42
וַיִּשְׂכְּר֣וּ לָהֶ֡ם שְׁנַיִם֩ וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים אֶ֜לֶף רֶ֗כֶב וְאֶת־מֶ֤לֶךְ מַעֲכָה֙ וְאֶת־עַמּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֕אוּ וַֽיַּחֲנ֖וּ לִפְנֵ֣י מֵידְבָ֑א
וּבְנֵ֣י עַמּ֗וֹן נֶאֶסְפוּ֙ מֵעָ֣רֵיהֶ֔ם וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ לַמִּלְחָמָֽה
7 And they hired for themselves thirty two thousand chariot, and the king of Makah, and his people, and they came and encamped before Medeba.
And the children of Ammon gathered from their cities, and they came to battle.
3e 4C 37
18
וַיִּשְׁמַ֖ע דָּוִ֑יד
וַיִּשְׁלַח֙ אֶת־יוֹאָ֔ב וְאֵ֥ת כָּל־צָבָ֖א הַגִּבּוֹרִֽים
8 And David heard,
and he sent Joab and all the host of the valiant.
3e 4A 5
15
וַיֵּצְאוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י עַמּ֔וֹן וַיַּֽעַרְכ֥וּ מִלְחָמָ֖ה פֶּ֣תַח הָעִ֑יר
וְהַמְּלָכִ֣ים אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֔אוּ לְבַדָּ֖ם בַּשָּׂדֶֽה
9 And the children of Ammon went forth and were arranged for battle at the door of the city,
and the kings that came were alone in the field.
3e 4B 18
14
וַיַּ֣רְא יוֹאָ֗ב כִּֽי־הָיְתָ֧ה פְנֵי־הַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה אֵלָ֖יו פָּנִ֣ים וְאָח֑וֹר
וַיִּבְחַ֗ר מִכָּל־בָּחוּר֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ לִקְרַ֥את אֲרָֽם
10 And Joab saw that the face of the battle was before him and behind,
and he chose from all the chosen in Israel, and arranged the encounter with Aram.
3c 4B 19
19
וְאֵת֙ יֶ֣תֶר הָעָ֔ם נָתַ֕ן בְּיַ֖ד אַבְשַׁ֣י אָחִ֑יו
וַיַּ֣עַרְכ֔וּ לִקְרַ֖את בְּנֵ֥י עַמּֽוֹן
11 And the remaining of the people he assigned by the hand of Abishai his brother,
and they were arranged to encounter the children of Ammon.
3e 4B 14
10
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אִם־תֶּחֱזַ֤ק מִמֶּ֙נִּי֙ אֲרָ֔ם וְהָיִ֥יתָ לִּ֖י לִתְשׁוּעָ֑ה
וְאִם־בְּנֵ֥י עַמּ֛וֹן יֶֽחֶזְק֥וּ מִמְּךָ֖ וְהוֹשַׁעְתִּֽיךָ
12 And he said, if Aram is too resolute for me, then you will be for me for salvation,
or if the children of Ammon are too resolute for you, then I will be your salvation.
3d 4C 20
16
חֲזַ֤ק וְנִֽתְחַזְּקָה֙ בְּעַד־עַמֵּ֔נוּ וּבְעַ֖ד עָרֵ֣י אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ
וַֽיהוָ֔ה הַטּ֥וֹב בְּעֵינָ֖יו יַעֲשֶֽׂה
13 Be resolute, and let us be courageous through our people, and for the cities of our God,
and let Yahweh do what is good in his eyes.
3e 4C 19
10
וַיִּגַּ֨שׁ יוֹאָ֜ב וְהָעָ֧ם אֲשֶׁר־עִמּ֛וֹ לִפְנֵ֥י אֲרָ֖ם לַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וַיָּנ֖וּסוּ מִפָּנָֽיו
14 And Joab and the people who were with him made overture before Aram to battle,
and they withdrew before his face.
3c 4A 20
7
וּבְנֵ֨י עַמּ֤וֹן רָאוּ֙ כִּי־נָ֣ס אֲרָ֔ם וַיָּנ֣וּסוּ גַם־הֵ֗ם מִפְּנֵי֙ אַבְשַׁ֣י אָחִ֔יו וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ הָעִ֑ירָה
וַיָּבֹ֥א יוֹאָ֖ב יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
15 The children of Ammon saw that Aram had withdrawn and they withdrew, even they, from the face of Abishai his brother, and they entered the city.
And Joab came into Jerusalem.
3e 4C 28
9
וַיַּ֣רְא אֲרָ֗ם כִּ֣י נִגְּפוּ֮ לִפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַֽיִּשְׁלְחוּ֙ מַלְאָכִ֔ים וַיּוֹצִ֣יאוּ אֶת־אֲרָ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵעֵ֣בֶר הַנָּהָ֑ר
וְשׁוֹפַ֛ךְ שַׂר־צְבָ֥א הֲדַדְעֶ֖זֶר לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
16 And the Aramaeans saw that they were plagued in the face of Israel, and they sent messengers, and they brought out the Aramaeans that are from across the river.
And Shophak, chief of the host of Hadadezer, was before them.
3d 4B 34
13
וַיֻּגַּ֣ד לְדָוִ֗יד וַיֶּאֱסֹ֤ף אֶת־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ר הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן וַיָּבֹ֣א אֲלֵהֶ֔ם וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ אֲלֵהֶ֑ם
וַיַּעֲרֹ֨ךְ דָּוִ֜יד לִקְרַ֤את אֲרָם֙ מִלְחָמָ֔ה וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ
17 And it was told to David, and he gathered all Israel and crossed over the Jordan, and came upon them and arranged against them.
So David arranged the encounter with Aram for battle, and they fought with him.
3e 4C 35
20
וַיָּ֣נָס אֲרָם֮ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַיַּהֲרֹ֨ג דָּוִ֜יד מֵאֲרָ֗ם שִׁבְעַ֤ת אֲלָפִים֙ רֶ֔כֶב וְאַרְבָּעִ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף אִ֣ישׁ רַגְלִ֑י
וְאֵ֛ת שׁוֹפַ֥ךְ שַֽׂר־הַצָּבָ֖א הֵמִֽית
18 And Aram withdrew from the face of Israel, and David slew from Aram seven thousand charioteers, and forty thousand foot soldiers,
and Shophak, chief of the host, he put to death.
3d 4C 36
10
וַיִּרְא֞וּ עַבְדֵ֣י הֲדַדְעֶ֗זֶר כִּ֤י נִגְּפוּ֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיַּשְׁלִ֥ימוּ עִם־דָּוִ֖יד וַיַּֽעַבְדֻ֑הוּ
וְלֹא־אָבָ֣ה אֲרָ֔ם לְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַ אֶת־בְּנֵי־עַמּ֖וֹן עֽוֹד
19 And the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were plagued in the face of Israel, and they made peace with David and became his servants.
And Aram had no appetite to be the salvation of the children of Ammon any more.
3e 4C 29
14