Saturday, March 10, 2018

Nehemiah 8

The seventh part of Tanach is the only part that is under 50% complete. So here is some more Nehemiah. One more chapter and we will be at 50 of 100 chapters in the section.

Verse 15  for voice (קול) I could not use herald or announce (נגד) or proclaim (קרא) without breaking my rules. (I could have broken them, but in this case I chose not to.) Perhaps I should not have been so free with נגד! But it is the first time I have encountered קול with this possible requirement.

נגד aloof (2) announce (35) aristocrat (4) avoid (1) clear (95) conspicuous (7) evidence (2) evident (24) front (33) herald (14) known (1) out sight (1) sure clear (1) tell (26) told (33)
קול crackle (4) quest (2) rumble (8) rumbling (7) shuffle (1) tone (8) voice (370)
קרא acclaim (6) call (474) call out (4) called out (12) calls out (1) converge (3) convergence (1) convocation (23) convoke (1) encounter (66) invite (1) proclaim (48) query (4) recitation (2) recite (34)

Verse 17 word order variations are slightly more than usual, but it is just the complex subject phrases. The first subject phrase is very long, so the verb (the first word) has to move 6 words on. More awkward is the second explanatory section beginning with for כי: the כן for so is far from the verb do to and then the subject phrase is again multiple words. Note Jeshua (ישׁוע), child of Nun is the same person as Joshua (יהושׁוע), different spelling.

Nehemiah 8 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֵּאָסְפ֤וּ כָל־הָעָם֙ כְּאִ֣ישׁ אֶחָ֔ד אֶל־הָ֣רְח֔וֹב אֲשֶׁ֖ר לִפְנֵ֣י שַֽׁעַר־הַמָּ֑יִם
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ לְעֶזְרָ֣א הַסֹּפֵ֔ר לְהָבִ֗יא אֶת־סֵ֙פֶר֙ תּוֹרַ֣ת מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
1 And all the people gathered as one person at the plaza that is before the water gate,
and they said to Ezra the secretary to bring the record of the instruction of Moses which Yahweh commanded Israel.
3e 4C 23
29
וַיָּבִ֣יא עֶזְרָ֣א הַ֠כֹּהֵן אֶֽת־הַתּוֹרָ֞ה לִפְנֵ֤י הַקָּהָל֙ מֵאִ֣ישׁ וְעַד־אִשָּׁ֔ה וְכֹ֖ל מֵבִ֣ין לִשְׁמֹ֑עַ
בְּי֥וֹם אֶחָ֖ד לַחֹ֥דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִֽי
2 And Ezra the priest brought the instruction before the congregation of men and women, and all with discernment to hear on the first day of the seventh month. 3e 4C 30
10
וַיִּקְרָא־בוֹ֩ לִפְנֵ֨י הָרְח֜וֹב אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ לִפְנֵ֣י שַֽׁעַר־הַמַּ֗יִם מִן־הָאוֹר֙ עַד־מַחֲצִ֣ית הַיּ֔וֹם נֶ֛גֶד הָאֲנָשִׁ֥ים וְהַנָּשִׁ֖ים וְהַמְּבִינִ֑ים
וְאָזְנֵ֥י כָל־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־סֵ֥פֶר הַתּוֹרָֽה
3 And he recited within it before the plaza that is before the water gate, from first light to the mid day, in front of the men and the women and the discerning,
and the ears of all the people were to the record of instruction.
3d 4B 39
12
וַֽיַּעֲמֹ֞ד עֶזְרָ֣א הַסֹּפֵ֗ר עַֽל־מִגְדַּל־עֵץ֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשׂ֣וּ לַדָּבָר֒ וַיַּֽעֲמֹ֣ד אֶצְל֡וֹ מַתִּתְיָ֡ה וְשֶׁ֡מַע וַ֠עֲנָיָה וְאוּרִיָּ֧ה וְחִלְקִיָּ֛ה וּמַעֲשֵׂיָ֖ה עַל־יְמִינ֑וֹ
וּמִשְּׂמֹאל֗וֹ פְּ֠דָיָה וּמִֽישָׁאֵ֧ל וּמַלְכִּיָּ֛ה וְחָשֻׁ֥ם וְחַשְׁבַּדָּ֖נָה זְכַרְיָ֥ה מְשֻׁלָּֽם
4 And Ezra the secretary stood on a pulpit of wood that they made for the word, and standing next to him, Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Uriah, and Hilqiah, and Maaseyah, at his right hand,
and from his left, Pedayah, and Mishael, and Malkiah, Xashum, and Xashbadana, Zekariah, Meshullam.
3c 4B 53
29
וַיִּפְתַּ֨ח עֶזְרָ֤א הַסֵּ֙פֶר֙ לְעֵינֵ֣י כָל־הָעָ֔ם כִּֽי־מֵעַ֥ל כָּל־הָעָ֖ם הָיָ֑ה
וּכְפִתְח֖וֹ עָֽמְד֥וּ כָל־הָעָֽם
5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people, (because he was above all the people),
and as he opened it, all the people stood.
3e 4C 21
8
וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ עֶזְרָ֔א אֶת־יְהוָ֥ה הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים הַגָּד֑וֹל
וַיַּֽעֲנ֨וּ כָל־הָעָ֜ם אָמֵ֤ן ׀ אָמֵן֙ בְּמֹ֣עַל יְדֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּקְּד֧וּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוֻּ֛ לַיהוָ֖ה אַפַּ֥יִם אָֽרְצָה
6 And Ezra blessed Yahweh the great God,
and all the people answered, Amen, amen, offering up their hands. And they bowed the head and worshiped Yahweh nostrils earthward.
3c 4C 15
31
וְיֵשׁ֡וּעַ וּבָנִ֡י וְשֵׁרֵ֥בְיָ֣ה ׀ יָמִ֡ין עַקּ֡וּב שַׁבְּתַ֣י ׀ הֽוֹדִיָּ֡ה מַעֲשֵׂיָ֡ה קְלִיטָ֣א עֲזַרְיָה֩ יוֹזָבָ֨ד חָנָ֤ן פְּלָאיָה֙ וְהַלְוִיִּ֔ם מְבִינִ֥ים אֶת־הָעָ֖ם לַתּוֹרָ֑ה
וְהָעָ֖ם עַל־עָמְדָֽם
7 And Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Yamin, Aqqub, Shabbethai, Hodyah, Maaseyah, Qelita, Azariah, Jozebad, Chanan, Peleyah, and the Levites made the people understand the instruction,
and the people per their standing.
3e 4C 51
6
וַֽיִּקְרְא֥וּ בַסֵּ֛פֶר בְּתוֹרַ֥ת הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים מְפֹרָ֑שׁ
וְשׂ֣וֹם שֶׂ֔כֶל וַיָּבִ֖ינוּ בַּמִּקְרָֽא
8 So they recited in the book, in the instruction of God distinctly,
and rendered insight, and made them understand in the recitation.
3d 4B 17
11
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר נְחֶמְיָ֣ה ה֣וּא הַתִּרְשָׁ֡תָא וְעֶזְרָ֣א הַכֹּהֵ֣ן ׀ הַסֹּפֵ֡ר וְהַלְוִיִּם֩ הַמְּבִינִ֨ים אֶת־הָעָ֜ם לְכָל־הָעָ֗ם הַיּ֤וֹם קָדֹֽשׁ־הוּא֙ לַיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֔ם אַל־תִּֽתְאַבְּל֖וּ וְאַל־תִּבְכּ֑וּ
כִּ֤י בוֹכִים֙ כָּל־הָעָ֔ם כְּשָׁמְעָ֖ם אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֥י הַתּוֹרָֽה
9 And Nehemiah (he is the Tirshatha) and Ezra the priest, the secretary, and the Levites who made the people understand, said to all the people, Today is holy to Yahweh your God. Do not lament and do not weep.
For all the people wept as they were hearing the words of instruction.
3e 4C 53
15
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֡ם לְכוּ֩ אִכְל֨וּ מַשְׁמַנִּ֜ים וּשְׁת֣וּ מַֽמְתַקִּ֗ים וְשִׁלְח֤וּ מָנוֹת֙ לְאֵ֣ין נָכ֣וֹן ל֔וֹ כִּֽי־קָד֥וֹשׁ הַיּ֖וֹם לַאֲדֹנֵ֑ינוּ
וְאַל־תֵּ֣עָצֵ֔בוּ כִּֽי־חֶדְוַ֥ת יְהוָ֖ה הִ֥יא מָֽעֻזְּכֶֽם
10 And he said to them, Come. Eat from the stoutest and imbibe from sweetness, and send portions to those with nothing prepared, for today is holy to our Lord,
and do not be pained, for the cheer of Yahweh is your strength.
3e 4C 36
15
וְהַלְוִיִּ֞ם מַחְשִׁ֤ים לְכָל־הָעָם֙ לֵאמֹ֣ר הַ֔סּוּ כִּ֥י הַיּ֖וֹם קָדֹ֑שׁ
וְאַל־תֵּעָצֵֽבוּ
11 And the Levites calmed all the people, saying, Hush for today is holy,
so do not be pained.
3e 4C 19
6
וַיֵּלְכ֨וּ כָל־הָעָ֜ם לֶאֱכֹ֤ל וְלִשְׁתּוֹת֙ וּלְשַׁלַּ֣ח מָנ֔וֹת וְלַעֲשׂ֖וֹת שִׂמְחָ֣ה גְדוֹלָ֑ה
כִּ֤י הֵבִ֙ינוּ֙ בַּדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הוֹדִ֖יעוּ לָהֶֽם
12 And all the people went to eat and to imbibe and to send portions, and to make great mirth,
for they had understood the words that were made known to them.
3e 4C 26
14
וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשֵּׁנִ֡י נֶאֶסְפוּ֩ רָאשֵׁ֨י הָאָב֜וֹת לְכָל־הָעָ֗ם הַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ וְהַלְוִיִּ֔ם אֶל־עֶזְרָ֖א הַסֹּפֵ֑ר
וּלְהַשְׂכִּ֖יל אֶל־דִּבְרֵ֥י הַתּוֹרָֽה
13 And on the second day the heads of the fathers for all the people, the priests and the Levites, gathered to Ezra the secretary,
and were given insight into the words of instruction.
3e 4B 32
9
וַֽיִּמְצְא֖וּ כָּת֣וּב בַּתּוֹרָ֑ה
אֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֤ה יְהוָה֙ בְּיַד־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲשֶׁר֩ יֵשְׁב֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל בַּסֻּכּ֛וֹת בֶּחָ֖ג בַּחֹ֥דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִֽי
14 And they found inscribed in the instruction,
that Yahweh commanded by the hand of Moses that the children of Israel settle in booths in the festival in the seventh month.
3c 4C 9
30
וַאֲשֶׁ֣ר יַשְׁמִ֗יעוּ וְיַעֲבִ֨ירוּ ק֥וֹל בְּכָל־עָרֵיהֶם֮ וּבִירוּשָׁלִַ֣ם לֵאמֹר֒ צְא֣וּ הָהָ֗ר וְהָבִ֙יאוּ֙ עֲלֵי־זַ֙יִת֙ וַעֲלֵי־עֵ֣ץ שֶׁ֔מֶן וַעֲלֵ֤י הֲדַס֙ וַעֲלֵ֣י תְמָרִ֔ים וַעֲלֵ֖י עֵ֣ץ עָבֹ֑ת
לַעֲשֹׂ֥ת סֻכֹּ֖ת כַּכָּתֽוּב
15 And that they should broadcast and have a voice pass through in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth to the hill, and bring leaves of olive, and leaves of oil tree, and leaves of myrtle, and leaves of palm trees, and leaves of a thick tree,
to make booths as it is written.
3e 4C 58
8
וַיֵּצְא֣וּ הָעָם֮ וַיָּבִיאוּ֒ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ֩ לָהֶ֨ם סֻכּ֜וֹת אִ֤ישׁ עַל־גַּגּוֹ֙ וּבְחַצְרֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם וּבְחַצְר֖וֹת בֵּ֣ית הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
וּבִרְחוֹב֙ שַׁ֣עַר הַמַּ֔יִם וּבִרְח֖וֹב שַׁ֥עַר אֶפְרָֽיִם
16 And the people went forth and they brought and they made for themselves booths, each on their roof, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God,
and in the plaza of the water gate, and in the plaza of the gate of Ephraim.
3e 4C 34
15
וַיַּֽעֲשׂ֣וּ כָֽל־הַ֠קָּהָל הַשָּׁבִ֨ים מִן־הַשְּׁבִ֥י ׀ סֻכּוֹת֮ וַיֵּשְׁב֣וּ בַסֻּכּוֹת֒ כִּ֣י לֹֽא־עָשׂ֡וּ מִימֵי֩ יֵשׁ֨וּעַ בִּן־נ֥וּן כֵּן֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל עַ֖ד הַיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא
וַתְּהִ֥י שִׂמְחָ֖ה גְּדוֹלָ֥ה מְאֹֽד
17 And all the congregation of those who returned from the captivity made booths, and they sat in booths, for the children of Israel had not done so from the days of Jeshua child of Nun to that day,
and there was very great gladness.
3e 4B 43
9
וַ֠יִּקְרָא בְּסֵ֨פֶר תּוֹרַ֤ת הָאֱלֹהִים֙ י֣וֹם ׀ בְּי֔וֹם מִן־הַיּוֹם֙ הָֽרִאשׁ֔וֹן עַ֖ד הַיּ֣וֹם הָאַחֲר֑וֹן
וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־חָג֙ שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֔ים וּבַיּ֧וֹם הַשְּׁמִינִ֛י עֲצֶ֖רֶת כַּמִּשְׁפָּֽט
18 ~ And he recited in the record of the instruction of God day by day, from the first day to the last day,
and they made the feast seven days, and on the eighth day, a conclave according to the framework.
3c 4C 28
21