Friday, May 25, 2018

Judges 20

Dreadful description ahead. And more to come, even from some of our heroes. Note the description of left handed as hampered in the right hand. (Note here from Jim Davila on the subject.) In the same verse this is the first time I have used miss for חטא which is otherwise glossed as sin.

אישׁ is used in the singular here referring to a company of men. All the instances are singular. This results in all the associated pronouns, stand-alone or enclitic, all singular, but glossed as plural in the English.

Not sure what to do with an idiomatic phrase כפעם בפעם, as pulse in pulse? So far I have rendered the stem as anvil, time, pulse, footfall, bell, beaten down. Clearly this is the third of three engagements as with the calling of Samuel, and probably means something like as at the prior occasions. It occurs 6 times in all: Numbers once, Judges 3 times, 1 Samuel twice. I am going to be inconsistent here. 1 Samuel 3 has a sense of the pulse of intimacy. This has the sense of the pulse in the anvil. A kind of inevitable foolishness.

The battle was glorious. That's what it says. And they did not know that evil touched them. This also is part of the sledgehammer that Israel is on behalf of all of us. It is not a matter of election, or privilege, or merit. It is a matter of example. Example of what not to do, how not to behave. Now the somewhat petty decisions that are attributed to Yahweh in these chapters of the primal history can be put in place against the latter prophets. One does not believe horror for the sake of horror.

Today (now yesterday) I read a post by Rabbi Lawrence Hoffman, a writer I have deep respect for. I will repeat my response here because it is so critical to hear a difficult conversation.
"relatively little conversation occurs on why we still deserve this age-old relationship with God"
a very important conversation. I have been reading - slowly - I have 143 chapters to go out of the 929. A little more than Torah. The issue, I submit, is not merit, nor deserve. The issue is example. And the example is frequently a bad one, but it is common to all humanity. You were chosen as example. And I am thankful. You are a good example, a real sledgehammer in the hand of G-d. (I hope my reading of Jeremiah 51 is not totally out to lunch). Right now I am reading Judges 20 and desperate to put the words of Hashem into some perspective against the later prophet. There on the third occasion of the pulse of the anvil, כפעם בפעם a pulse that should be tender as in 1 Samuel 3, we are told that the battle was glorious כבד. But they did not know that evil touched them. וְהֵם֙ לֹ֣א יָדְע֔וּ כִּֽי־נֹגַ֥עַת עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם הָרָעָֽה 
There is a real motivation for love here, and for purity, and for goodness, not out of merit, but out of a depth of gift that is very easy to miss. It is curious that also in this chapter, I see my first instance of חטא translated as miss rather than a gloss related to sin. It is for the left-handed stone-slingers. We hope not to miss when we read Scripture. Whether translated or not.  
It is true that נשא can mean show partiality. But its dominant gloss is to lift up, bear, forbear. Here in Numbers 6:26, the lifting up of פנה face, presence, could indeed imply partiality. Not out of prejudice or injustice, but out of necessity, we should have peace with our kin. Putting this against Judges 20 raises many issues for today. 
This is, I submit, the core of the law vs grace problem. In this story, the madness that should be redirected against ones own sin is taken out on both kin and friend. This is not an example to be followed.

As Satchmo has said, Man, if I gotta tell you that, you will never know.

Judges 20 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֵּצְאוּ֮ כָּל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַתִּקָּהֵ֨ל הָעֵדָ֜ה כְּאִ֣ישׁ אֶחָ֗ד לְמִדָּן֙ וְעַד־בְּאֵ֣ר שֶׁ֔בַע וְאֶ֖רֶץ הַגִּלְעָ֑ד
אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה הַמִּצְפָּֽה
1 And all the children of Israel went forth and convened the assembly as one person from Dan and to Beer-Sheva and the land of the Gilead,
to Yahweh at Mizpah.
3e 4B 35
6
וַיִּֽתְיַצְּב֞וּ פִּנּ֣וֹת כָּל־הָעָ֗ם כֹּ֚ל שִׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל בִּקְהַ֖ל עַ֣ם הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
אַרְבַּ֨ע מֵא֥וֹת אֶ֛לֶף אִ֥ישׁ רַגְלִ֖י שֹׁ֥לֵֽף חָֽרֶב
2 And they presented themselves, the faces of all the people, all the sceptres of Israel in the congregation of the people of God,
four hundred thousand men on foot that drew a sword.
3d 4C 22
13
וַֽיִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן כִּֽי־עָל֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל הַמִּצְפָּ֑ה
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל דַּבְּר֕וּ אֵיכָ֥ה נִהְיְתָ֖ה הָרָעָ֥ה הַזֹּֽאת
3 And the children of Benjamin heard that the children of Israel had gone up to Mizpah,
and the children of Israel said, Speak. How was this evil?
3e 4B 19
20
וַיַּ֜עַן הָאִ֣ישׁ הַלֵּוִ֗י אִ֛ישׁ הָאִשָּׁ֥ה הַנִּרְצָחָ֖ה וַיֹּאמַ֑ר
הַגִּבְעָ֙תָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְבִנְיָמִ֔ן בָּ֛אתִי אֲנִ֥י וּפִֽילַגְשִׁ֖י לָלֽוּן
4 And the Levite man answered, (the man of the wife that was murdered), and said,
Toward Gibeah that is of Benjamin I came, I and my courtesan, to lodge.
3d 4B 19
20
וַיָּקֻ֤מוּ עָלַי֙ בַּעֲלֵ֣י הַגִּבְעָ֔ה וַיָּסֹ֧בּוּ עָלַ֛י אֶת־הַבַּ֖יִת לָ֑יְלָה
אוֹתִי֙ דִּמּ֣וּ לַהֲרֹ֔ג וְאֶת־פִּילַגְשִׁ֥י עִנּ֖וּ וַתָּמֹֽת
5 And the superiors of Gibeah arose over me and they surrounded, against me, the house by night.
Me they supposed they had slain, and my courtesan they afflicted, and she died.
3c 4C 24
17
וָֽאֹחֵ֤ז בְּפִֽילַגְשִׁי֙ וָֽאֲנַתְּחֶ֔הָ וָֽאֲשַׁלְּחֶ֔הָ בְּכָל־שְׂדֵ֖ה נַחֲלַ֣ת יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
כִּ֥י עָשׂ֛וּ זִמָּ֥ה וּנְבָלָ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
6 And I grasped my courtesan, and cut her in pieces, and I sent her out into all the country of the inheritance of Israel,
for they have done lewdness and senselessness in Israel.
3d 4C 27
12
הִנֵּ֥ה כֻלְּכֶ֖ם בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
הָב֥וּ לָכֶ֛ם דָּבָ֥ר וְעֵצָ֖ה הֲלֹֽם
7 Behold, all of you are the children of Israel.
Provide for yourselves a word and counsel here.
3d 4B 9
11
וַיָּ֙קָם֙ כָּל־הָעָ֔ם כְּאִ֥ישׁ אֶחָ֖ד לֵאמֹ֑ר
לֹ֤א נֵלֵךְ֙ אִ֣ישׁ לְאָהֳל֔וֹ וְלֹ֥א נָס֖וּר אִ֥ישׁ לְבֵיתֽוֹ
8 And all the people arose as one person, saying,
We will not go, anyone to his tent, nor will anyone turn aside to his own house.
3e 4C 12
16
וְעַתָּ֕ה זֶ֣ה הַדָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר נַעֲשֶׂ֖ה לַגִּבְעָ֑ה
עָלֶ֖יהָ בְּגוֹרָֽל
9 And now, this is the thing that we will do to Gibeah,
against it by lot.
3e 4B 15
6
וְלָקַ֣חְנוּ עֲשָׂרָה֩ אֲנָשִׁ֨ים לַמֵּאָ֜ה לְכֹ֣ל ׀ שִׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וּמֵאָ֤ה לָאֶ֙לֶף֙ וְאֶ֣לֶף לָרְבָבָ֔ה לָקַ֥חַת צֵדָ֖ה לָעָ֑ם
לַעֲשׂ֗וֹת לְבוֹאָם֙ לְגֶ֣בַע בִּנְיָמִ֔ן כְּכָל־הַ֨נְּבָלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָׂ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
10 We will take ten men of a hundred for all the sceptres of Israel, and one hundred of a thousand, and a thousand of ten thousand, to lay hold of provender for the people,
that they may do, when they come to Geba of Benjamin, according to all the senselessness that it has done in Israel.
3e 4C 39
25
וַיֵּֽאָסֵ֞ף כָּל־אִ֤ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֶל־הָעִ֔יר כְּאִ֥ישׁ אֶחָ֖ד חֲבֵרִֽים 11 And everyone of Israel was gathered against the city as one person, cobbled together. 3e 4C 19
וַֽיִּשְׁלְח֞וּ שִׁבְטֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֲנָשִׁ֔ים בְּכָל־שִׁבְטֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר
מָ֚ה הָרָעָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִהְיְתָ֖ה בָּכֶֽם
12 And the sceptres of Israel sent men through all the sceptre of Benjamin, saying,
What evil is this that is among you?
3e 4C 21
13
וְעַתָּ֡ה תְּנוּ֩ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֨ים בְּנֵֽי־בְלִיַּ֜עַל אֲשֶׁ֤ר בַּגִּבְעָה֙ וּנְמִיתֵ֔ם וּנְבַעֲרָ֥ה רָעָ֖ה מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְלֹ֤א אָבוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י בִּנְיָמִ֔ן לִשְׁמֹ֕עַ בְּק֖וֹל אֲחֵיהֶ֥ם בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
13 And now yield the men, the children of worthlessness, who are in Gibeah, and we will put them to death, and we will shrive evil from Israel.
But the children of Benjamin would not consent to hear with the voice of their kin, the children of Israel.
3e 4C 34
22
וַיֵּאָסְפ֧וּ בְנֵֽי־בִנְיָמִ֛ן מִן־הֶעָרִ֖ים הַגִּבְעָ֑תָה
לָצֵ֥את לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה עִם־בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
14 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves out of the cities toward Gibeah,
to go forth to battle with the children of Israel.
3c 4A 17
12
וַיִּתְפָּֽקְדוּ֩ בְנֵ֨י בִנְיָמִ֜ן בַּיּ֤וֹם הַהוּא֙ מֵהֶ֣עָרִ֔ים עֶשְׂרִ֨ים וְשִׁשָּׁ֥ה אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ שֹׁ֣לֵֽף חָ֑רֶב
לְ֠בַד מִיֹּשְׁבֵ֤י הַגִּבְעָה֙ הִתְפָּ֣קְד֔וּ שְׁבַ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת אִ֥ישׁ בָּחֽוּר
15 And the children of Benjamin conscripted in that day from the cities, twenty six thousand men that drew a sword,
besides the inhabitants of Gibeah, who conscripted seven hundred chosen men.
3d 4C 29
18
מִכֹּ֣ל ׀ הָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֗ה שְׁבַ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ אִ֣ישׁ בָּח֔וּר אִטֵּ֖ר יַד־יְמִינ֑וֹ
כָּל־זֶ֗ה קֹלֵ֧עַ בָּאֶ֛בֶן אֶל־הַֽשַּׂעֲרָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א יַחֲטִֽא
16 From all this people, seven hundred men chosen were hampered in the right hand.
All these could sling with a stone at a hair and not miss.
3c 4C 19
18
וְאִ֨ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל הִתְפָּֽקְד֗וּ לְבַד֙ מִבִּנְיָמִ֔ן אַרְבַּ֨ע מֵא֥וֹת אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ שֹׁ֣לֵֽף חָ֑רֶב
כָּל־זֶ֖ה אִ֥ישׁ מִלְחָמָֽה
17 And the men of Israel had conscripted, besides Benjamin, four hundred thousand men that drew a sword,
everyone a man of war.
3d 4B 25
6
וַיָּקֻ֜מוּ וַיַּעֲל֣וּ בֵֽית־אֵל֮ וַיִּשְׁאֲל֣וּ בֵאלֹהִים֒ וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִ֚י יַעֲלֶה־לָּ֣נוּ בַתְּחִלָּ֔ה לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה עִם־בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֑ן
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה יְהוּדָ֥ה בַתְּחִלָּֽה
18 And they arose and they came up to the house of God and asked in God, and the children of Israel said, Who will go up for us at the start to war with the children of Benjamin?
And Yahweh said, Judah will start.
3e 4C 44
11
וַיָּק֥וּמוּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בַּבֹּ֑קֶר
וַיַּֽחֲנ֖וּ עַל־הַגִּבְעָֽה
19 And the children of Israel arose in the morning,
and they encamped by Gibeah.
3e 4A 12
8
וַיֵּצֵא֙ אִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה עִם־בִּנְיָמִ֑ן
וַיַּעַרְכ֨וּ אִתָּ֧ם אִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מִלְחָמָ֖ה אֶל־הַגִּבְעָֽה
20 And the men of Israel came forth to war with Benjamin,
and the men of Israel arranged themselves for battle against Gibeah.
3c 4B 15
17
וַיֵּצְא֥וּ בְנֵֽי־בִנְיָמִ֖ן מִן־הַגִּבְעָ֑ה
וַיַּשְׁחִ֨יתוּ בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא שְׁנַ֨יִם וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ אָֽרְצָה
21 And the children of Benjamin went forth out of Gibeah,
and destroyed among Israel in that day, twenty two thousand men, earthward.
3d 4B 12
22
וַיִּתְחַזֵּ֥ק הָעָ֖ם אִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיֹּסִ֙פוּ֙ לַעֲרֹ֣ךְ מִלְחָמָ֔ה בַּמָּק֕וֹם אֲשֶׁר־עָ֥רְכוּ שָׁ֖ם בַּיּ֥וֹם הָרִאשֽׁוֹן
22 And the people were resolved, the men of Israel,
and they again arranged for battle in the place where they had arranged on the first day.
3e 4B 10
23
וַיַּעֲל֣וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וַיִּבְכּ֣וּ לִפְנֵֽי־יְהוָה֮ עַד־הָעֶרֶב֒ וַיִּשְׁאֲל֤וּ בַֽיהוָה֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הַאוֹסִ֗יף לָגֶ֙שֶׁת֙ לַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה עִם־בְּנֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן אָחִ֑י
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהוָ֖ה עֲל֥וּ אֵלָֽיו
23 And the children of Israel came up and wept in the presence of Yahweh until evening, and asked Yahweh, saying, Will we again make overture to fight with the children of Benjamin, my brother?
And Yahweh said, Go up to him.
3e 4C 47
9
וַיִּקְרְב֧וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן בַּיּ֥וֹם הַשֵּׁנִֽי 24 And the children of Israel approached the children of Benjamin on the second day. 3c 3g 20
וַיֵּצֵא֩ בִנְיָמִ֨ן ׀ לִקְרָאתָ֥ם ׀ מִֽן־הַגִּבְעָה֮ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשֵּׁנִי֒ וַיַּשְׁחִיתוּ֩ בִבְנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל ע֗וֹד שְׁמֹנַ֨ת עָשָׂ֥ר אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ אָ֑רְצָה
כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה שֹׁ֥לְפֵי חָֽרֶב
25 And Benjamin came forth to encounter them from Gibeah on the second day, and destroyed among the children of Israel yet again, eighteen thousand men earthward.
All these drew a sword.
3d 4B 38
7
וַיַּעֲל֣וּ כָל־בְּנֵי֩ יִשְׂרָאֵ֨ל וְכָל־הָעָ֜ם וַיָּבֹ֣אוּ בֵֽית־אֵ֗ל וַיִּבְכּוּ֙ וַיֵּ֤שְׁבוּ שָׁם֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וַיָּצ֥וּמוּ בַיּוֹם־הַה֖וּא עַד־הָעָ֑רֶב
וַֽיַּעֲל֛וּ עֹל֥וֹת וּשְׁלָמִ֖ים לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה
26 And all the children of Israel came up, and all the people. And they entered the house of God and wept. And they sat there before Yahweh, and fasted in that day till evening,
and offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings in the presence of Yahweh.
3d 4C 42
13
וַיִּשְׁאֲל֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בַּֽיהוָ֑ה
וְשָׁ֗ם אֲרוֹן֙ בְּרִ֣ית הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים בַּיָּמִ֖ים הָהֵֽם
27 And the children of Israel asked Yahweh,
(for there was the ark of the covenant of God in those days,
3e 4B 11
15
וּ֠פִינְחָס בֶּן־אֶלְעָזָ֨ר בֶּֽן־אַהֲרֹ֜ן עֹמֵ֣ד ׀ לְפָנָ֗יו בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵם֮ לֵאמֹר֒ הַאוֹסִ֨ף ע֜וֹד לָצֵ֧את לַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה עִם־בְּנֵֽי־בִנְיָמִ֥ן אָחִ֖י אִם־אֶחְדָּ֑ל
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ עֲל֔וּ כִּ֥י מָחָ֖ר אֶתְּנֶ֥נּוּ בְיָדֶֽךָ
28 ~ and Phineas child of Eleazar child of Aaron stood before it in those days), saying, Will I again further go forth to fight with the children of Benjamin my brother, or should I refrain?
And Yahweh said, Go up, for tomorrow I will give him into your hand.
3c 4C 44
17
וַיָּ֤שֶׂם יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֹֽרְבִ֔ים אֶל־הַגִּבְעָ֖ה סָבִֽיב 29 And Israel set up ambushes for Gibeah round about. 3e 4C 14
וַיַּעֲל֧וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל אֶל־בְּנֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י
וַיַּעַרְכ֥וּ אֶל־הַגִּבְעָ֖ה כְּפַ֥עַם בְּפָֽעַם
30 And the children of Israel came up to the children of Benjamin on the third day,
and arranged themselves against Gibeah as the pulse in the anvil.
3c 4B 20
14
וַיֵּצְא֤וּ בְנֵֽי־בִנְיָמִן֙ לִקְרַ֣את הָעָ֔ם הָנְתְּק֖וּ מִן־הָעִ֑יר
וַיָּחֵ֡לּוּ לְהַכּוֹת֩ מֵהָעָ֨ם חֲלָלִ֜ים כְּפַ֣עַם ׀ בְּפַ֗עַם בַּֽמְסִלּוֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר אַחַ֜ת עֹלָ֣ה בֵֽית־אֵ֗ל וְאַחַ֤ת גִּבְעָ֙תָה֙ בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה כִּשְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים אִ֖ישׁ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
31 And the children of Benjamin went forth to encounter the people.
And they were detached from the city, and they started to strike the people, profaning as the pulse in the anvil, in the highways, of which one goes up to Bethel and one toward Gibeah in the field, about thirty men in Israel.
3e 4C 18
47
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן נִגָּפִ֥ים הֵ֛ם לְפָנֵ֖ינוּ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָ֑ה
וּבְנֵ֧י יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אָמְר֗וּ נָנ֙וּסָה֙ וּֽנְתַקְּנֻ֔הוּ מִן־הָעִ֖יר אֶל־הַֽמְסִלּֽוֹת
32 And the children of Benjamin said, Plagued they are before us, as at the beginning.
But the children of Israel said, Let us withdraw, and detach them from the city to the highways.
3c 4B 21
21
וְכֹ֣ל ׀ אִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל קָ֚מוּ מִמְּקוֹמ֔וֹ וַיַּעַרְכ֖וּ בְּבַ֣עַל תָּמָ֑ר
וְאֹרֵ֧ב יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מֵגִ֥יחַ מִמְּקֹמ֖וֹ מִמַּֽעֲרֵה־גָֽבַע
33 And all the men of Israel arose from their place, and arranged themselves at Baal Tamar,
and those in the ambush for Israel burst out from their place, from the exposed places of Geba.
3c 4C 20
18
וַיָּבֹאוּ֩ מִנֶּ֨גֶד לַגִּבְעָ֜ה עֲשֶׂרֶת֩ אֲלָפִ֨ים אִ֤ישׁ בָּחוּר֙ מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְהַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה כָּבֵ֑דָה
וְהֵם֙ לֹ֣א יָדְע֔וּ כִּֽי־נֹגַ֥עַת עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם הָרָעָֽה
34 And they came, evident to Gibeah, ten thousand chosen men from all Israel, and the battle was glorious,
and they not did know that evil touched them.
3e 4C 31
14
וַיִּגֹּ֨ף יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶֽת־בִּנְיָמִן֮ לִפְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַיַּשְׁחִיתוּ֩ בְנֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל בְּבִנְיָמִן֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא עֶשְׂרִ֨ים וַחֲמִשָּׁ֥ה אֶ֛לֶף וּמֵאָ֖ה אִ֑ישׁ
כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה שֹׁ֥לֵף חָֽרֶב
35 And Yahweh plagued Benjamin in the face of Israel, and the children of Israel destroyed Benjamin in that day, twenty five thousand one hundred men.
All these drew a sword.
3d 4C 43
7
וַיִּרְא֥וּ בְנֵֽי־בִנְיָמִ֖ן כִּ֣י נִגָּ֑פוּ
וַיִּתְּנ֨וּ אִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֤ל מָקוֹם֙ לְבִנְיָמִ֔ן כִּ֤י בָֽטְחוּ֙ אֶל־הָ֣אֹרֵ֔ב אֲשֶׁר שָׂ֖מוּ אֶל־הַגִּבְעָֽה
36 And the children of Benjamin saw that they were plagued.
And the men of Israel gave place for Benjamin, for they trusted to the ambush that they had set against Gibeah.
3e 4C 12
28
וְהָאֹרֵ֣ב הֵחִ֔ישׁוּ וַֽיִּפְשְׁט֖וּ אֶל־הַגִּבְעָ֑ה
וַיִּמְשֹׁךְ֙ הָאֹרֵ֔ב וַיַּ֥ךְ אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֖יר לְפִי־חָֽרֶב
37 And those in ambush hurried and pillaged Gibeah,
and those in ambush drew out, and struck all the city with the edge of the sword.
3e 4B 15
15
וְהַמּוֹעֵ֗ד הָיָ֛ה לְאִ֥ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל עִם־הָאֹרֵ֑ב
הֶ֕רֶב לְהַעֲלוֹתָ֛ם מַשְׂאַ֥ת הֶעָשָׁ֖ן מִן־הָעִֽיר
38 And the engagement was for the men of Israel with the ambush,
that they should make ascend an abundant lifting up of smoke from the city.
3d 4A 15
15
וַיַּהֲפֹ֥ךְ אִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בַּמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וּבִנְיָמִ֡ן הֵחֵל֩ לְהַכּ֨וֹת חֲלָלִ֤ים בְּאִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ כִּשְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים אִ֔ישׁ כִּ֣י אָמְר֔וּ אַךְ֩ נִגּ֨וֹף נִגָּ֥ף הוּא֙ לְפָנֵ֔ינוּ כַּמִּלְחָמָ֖ה הָרִאשֹׁנָֽה
39 And the men of Israel changed in the battle,
and Benjamin started to strike and profane against the men of Israel, about thirty persons, for they said, Surely they will be plagued before us as in the first battle.
3e 4C 12
42
וְהַמַּשְׂאֵ֗ת הֵחֵ֛לָּה לַעֲל֥וֹת מִן־הָעִ֖יר עַמּ֣וּד עָשָׁ֑ן
וַיִּ֤פֶן בִּנְיָמִן֙ אַחֲרָ֔יו וְהִנֵּ֛ה עָלָ֥ה כְלִיל־הָעִ֖יר הַשָּׁמָֽיְמָה
40 And when the lifting up started to ascend from the city, the pillar of smoke,
Benjamin faced behind himself, and behold a whole offering ascended from the city towards the heavens.
3d 4C 17
22
וְאִ֤ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ הָפַ֔ךְ וַיִּבָּהֵ֖ל אִ֣ישׁ בִּנְיָמִ֑ן
כִּ֣י רָאָ֔ה כִּֽי־נָגְעָ֥ה עָלָ֖יו הָרָעָֽה
41 And the men of Israel changed and the men of Benjamin were vexed,
for they saw that evil had touched them.
3e 4C 15
11
וַיִּפְנ֞וּ לִפְנֵ֨י אִ֤ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אֶל־דֶּ֣רֶךְ הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר וְהַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה הִדְבִּיקָ֑תְהוּ
וַאֲשֶׁר֙ מֵהֶ֣עָרִ֔ים מַשְׁחִיתִ֥ים אוֹת֖וֹ בְּתוֹכֽוֹ
42 And they faced about before the men of Israel to the way of the wilderness, and the battle followed them closely.
And those from the cities, they destroyed in their midst.
3e 4C 24
15
כִּתְּר֤וּ אֶת־בִּנְיָמִן֙ הִרְדִיפֻ֔הוּ מְנוּחָ֖ה הִדְרִיכֻ֑הוּ
עַ֛ד נֹ֥כַח הַגִּבְעָ֖ה מִמִּזְרַח־שָֽׁמֶשׁ
43 They encircled Benjamin. They pursued them as if at rest. They trod them,
until opposite Gibeah from the rising of the sun.
3d 4C 17
11
וַֽיִּפְּלוּ֙ מִבִּנְיָמִ֔ן שְׁמֹנָֽה־עָשָׂ֥ר אֶ֖לֶף אִ֑ישׁ
אֶת־כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה אַנְשֵׁי־חָֽיִל
44 And Benjamin fell, eighteen thousand men.
All these persons of ability.
3e 4A 15
7
וַיִּפְנ֞וּ וַיָּנֻ֤סוּ הַמִּדְבָּ֙רָה֙ אֶל־סֶ֣לַע הָֽרִמּ֔וֹן וַיְעֹֽלְלֻ֙הוּ֙ בַּֽמְסִלּ֔וֹת חֲמֵ֥שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֖ים אִ֑ישׁ
וַיַּדְבִּ֤יקוּ אַחֲרָיו֙ עַד־גִּדְעֹ֔ם וַיַּכּ֥וּ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ אַלְפַּ֥יִם אִֽישׁ
45 And they faced about and withdrew towards the wilderness, to the cliff of the pomegranate [Rimmon],
and they shackled in the highways, five thousand men, and followed closely after them until Gidom [Chopped Down] and they struck from them two thousand men.
3e 4C 31
19
וַיְהִי֩ כָל־הַנֹּ֨פְלִ֜ים מִבִּנְיָמִ֗ן עֶשְׂרִים֩ וַחֲמִשָּׁ֨ה אֶ֥לֶף אִ֛ישׁ שֹׁ֥לֵֽף חֶ֖רֶב בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֑וּא
אֶֽת־כָּל־אֵ֖לֶּה אַנְשֵׁי־חָֽיִל
46 And all the fallen from Benjamin were twenty five thousand men that drew a sword in that day.
All these persons of ability.
3d 4B 27
7
וַיִּפְנ֞וּ וַיָּנֻ֤סוּ הַמִּדְבָּ֙רָה֙ אֶל־סֶ֣לַע הָֽרִמּ֔וֹן שֵׁ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת אִ֑ישׁ
וַיֵּֽשְׁבוּ֙ בְּסֶ֣לַע רִמּ֔וֹן אַרְבָּעָ֖ה חֳדָשִֽׁים
47 And six hundred men faced about and withdrew towards the wilderness to the cliff of Rimmon,
and they settled at the cliff of Rimmon four months.
3e 4C 21
14
וְאִ֨ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל שָׁ֣בוּ אֶל־בְּנֵ֤י בִנְיָמִן֙ וַיַּכּ֣וּם לְפִי־חֶ֔רֶב מֵעִ֤יר מְתֹם֙ עַד־בְּהֵמָ֔ה עַ֖ד כָּל־הַנִּמְצָ֑א
גַּ֛ם כָּל־הֶעָרִ֥ים הַנִּמְצָא֖וֹת שִׁלְּח֥וּ בָאֵֽשׁ
48 And the men of Israel returned to the children of Benjamin, and they struck them with the edge of the sword from the city, complete, to beast, to everyone who was found.
Furthermore, all the cities that were found, they dismissed in fire.
3d 4C 32
13


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