Three different words are used for sack in the KJV, כלי, שק, מתח. It is odd to find such oversimplification so close together. JB distinguishes sack, pannier and corn-sack. I have already used pannier twice, once qualified with woven and once on its own. There are four different stems for containers used in this chapter: כלי vessel (181) inner pouch(5), מתח satchel (2), שׂק sack (4), צרר bag (3) bags (1).
Verse 34, I have no verb that will do well for סחר. As noun, I have used wares, vendors. The sense is of both buying and selling. They came to buy, Joseph invites them to sell also. Obviously trade works but I have already used trade and business elsewhere for different stems. Traffic KJV is attractive but today it has the sense of illegal trade. And this is not a verb with a direct object. So I have chosen a composite buy and sell.
|וַיַּ֣רְא יַעֲקֹ֔ב כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם |
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יַעֲקֹב֙ לְבָנָ֔יו לָ֖מָּה תִּתְרָאֽוּ
|1||And Jacob saw that there was crushed corn in Egypt, |
and Jacob said to his children, Why are you looking at one another?
|וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּ֣ה שָׁמַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֥י יֶשׁ־שֶׁ֖בֶר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם |
רְדוּ־שָׁ֙מָּה֙ וְשִׁבְרוּ־לָ֣נוּ מִשָּׁ֔ם וְנִחְיֶ֖ה וְלֹ֥א נָמֽוּת
|2||And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is crushed corn in Egypt. |
Go down there and procure for us from there, that we may live and not die.
|וַיֵּרְד֥וּ אֲחֵֽי־יוֹסֵ֖ף עֲשָׂרָ֑ה |
לִשְׁבֹּ֥ר בָּ֖ר מִמִּצְרָֽיִם
|3||And the ten brothers of Joseph went down, |
to procure corn from Egypt.
|וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִין֙ אֲחִ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף לֹא־שָׁלַ֥ח יַעֲקֹ֖ב אֶת־אֶחָ֑יו |
כִּ֣י אָמַ֔ר פֶּן־יִקְרָאֶ֖נּוּ אָסֽוֹן
|4||But Benjamin the brother of Joseph, Jacob did not send with his brothers, |
for he said, Lest harm encounter him.
|וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לִשְׁבֹּ֖ר בְּת֣וֹךְ הַבָּאִ֑ים |
כִּֽי־הָיָ֥ה הָרָעָ֖ב בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן
|5||And the children of Israel went to procure in the midst of others who came, |
for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
|וְיוֹסֵ֗ף ה֚וּא הַשַּׁלִּ֣יט עַל־הָאָ֔רֶץ ה֥וּא הַמַּשְׁבִּ֖יר לְכָל־עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ |
וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ אֲחֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף וַיִּשְׁתַּֽחֲווּ־ל֥וֹ אַפַּ֖יִם אָֽרְצָה
|6||And Joseph, he was one who has authority over the land. He was the crushed corn for all the people of the land. |
And the brothers of Joseph entered and prostrated themselves to him, nostrils earthward.
|וַיַּ֥רְא יוֹסֵ֛ף אֶת־אֶחָ֖יו וַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם |
וַיִּתְנַכֵּ֨ר אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם וַיְדַבֵּ֧ר אִתָּ֣ם קָשׁ֗וֹת וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מֵאַ֣יִן בָּאתֶ֔ם וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנַ֖עַן לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל
|7||And Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, |
but made himself alien to them, and spoke with them hard, and he said to them, Where have you come from? And they said, From the land of Canaan to procure food.
|וַיַּכֵּ֥ר יוֹסֵ֖ף אֶת־אֶחָ֑יו |
וְהֵ֖ם לֹ֥א הִכִּרֻֽהוּ
|8||So Joseph recognized his brothers, |
but they did not recognize him.
|וַיִּזְכֹּ֣ר יוֹסֵ֔ף אֵ֚ת הַחֲלֹמ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָלַ֖ם לָהֶ֑ם |
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ מְרַגְּלִ֣ים אַתֶּ֔ם לִרְא֛וֹת אֶת־עֶרְוַ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּאתֶֽם
|9||And Joseph remembered the dreams that he had dreamed of them, |
and he said to them, You are spies. To see the nakedness of the land, you have come.
|וַיֹּאמְר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו לֹ֣א אֲדֹנִ֑י |
וַעֲבָדֶ֥יךָ בָּ֖אוּ לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל
|10||And they said him, No, my lord, |
but your servants have come to procure food.
|כֻּלָּ֕נוּ בְּנֵ֥י אִישׁ־אֶחָ֖ד נָ֑חְנוּ |
כֵּנִ֣ים אֲנַ֔חְנוּ לֹא־הָי֥וּ עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ מְרַגְּלִֽים
|11||All of us, children of one man, we are. |
We are reliable. Your servants are not spies.
|וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֑ם |
לֹ֕א כִּֽי־עֶרְוַ֥ת הָאָ֖רֶץ בָּאתֶ֥ם לִרְאֽוֹת
|12||And he said to them, |
No, but the nakedness of the land, you have come to see.
|וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ שְׁנֵ֣ים עָשָׂר֩ עֲבָדֶ֨יךָ אַחִ֧ים ׀ אֲנַ֛חְנוּ בְּנֵ֥י אִישׁ־אֶחָ֖ד בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנָ֑עַן |
וְהִנֵּ֨ה הַקָּטֹ֤ן אֶת־אָבִ֙ינוּ֙ הַיּ֔וֹם וְהָאֶחָ֖ד אֵינֶֽנּוּ
|13||And they said, Your servants are twelve brothers, we are children of one man in the land of Canaan, |
and behold the youngest is with our father today, and another is not.
|וַיֹּ֥אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֖ם יוֹסֵ֑ף |
ה֗וּא אֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבַּ֧רְתִּי אֲלֵכֶ֛ם לֵאמֹ֖ר מְרַגְּלִ֥ים אַתֶּֽם
|14||And Joseph said to them, |
This is what I spoke to you, saying, You are spies.
|בְּזֹ֖את תִּבָּחֵ֑נוּ |
חֵ֤י פַרְעֹה֙ אִם־תֵּצְא֣וּ מִזֶּ֔ה כִּ֧י אִם־בְּב֛וֹא אֲחִיכֶ֥ם הַקָּטֹ֖ן הֵֽנָּה
|15||In this you will be tested, |
Pharaoh lives. You will not go out from this except you bring your youngest brother here.
|שִׁלְח֨וּ מִכֶּ֣ם אֶחָד֮ וְיִקַּ֣ח אֶת־אֲחִיכֶם֒ וְאַתֶּם֙ הֵאָ֣סְר֔וּ וְיִבָּֽחֲנוּ֙ דִּבְרֵיכֶ֔ם הַֽאֱמֶ֖ת אִתְּכֶ֑ם |
וְאִם־לֹ֕א חֵ֣י פַרְעֹ֔ה כִּ֥י מְרַגְּלִ֖ים אַתֶּֽם
|16||Send one of you, and let him take your brother, and you will be in bondage, that your words may be tested if there is truth with you, |
and if not, Pharaoh lives, for you are spies.
|וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ף אֹתָ֛ם אֶל־מִשְׁמָ֖ר שְׁלֹ֥שֶׁת יָמִֽים||17||And he gathered them into detention three days.||3d||3g||14|
|וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֤ם יוֹסֵף֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֔י זֹ֥את עֲשׂ֖וּ וִֽחְי֑וּ |
אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים אֲנִ֥י יָרֵֽא
|18||And Joseph said to them, On the third day, do this and live. |
I am one who fears God.
|אִם־כֵּנִ֣ים אַתֶּ֔ם אֲחִיכֶ֣ם אֶחָ֔ד יֵאָסֵ֖ר בְּבֵ֣ית מִשְׁמַרְכֶ֑ם |
וְאַתֶּם֙ לְכ֣וּ הָבִ֔יאוּ שֶׁ֖בֶר רַעֲב֥וֹן בָּתֵּיכֶֽם
|19||If you are reliable, Let one from your brothers be in bondage in the house of your detention, |
but yourselves, go, bring crushed corn for the famine of your households.
|וְאֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֤ם הַקָּטֹן֙ תָּבִ֣יאוּ אֵלַ֔י וְיֵאָמְנ֥וּ דִבְרֵיכֶ֖ם וְלֹ֣א תָמ֑וּתוּ |
|20||And your youngest brother, bring to me, and your words will be believed, and you will not die. |
And they did so.
|וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־אָחִ֗יו אֲבָל֮ אֲשֵׁמִ֣ים ׀ אֲנַחְנוּ֮ עַל־אָחִינוּ֒ אֲשֶׁ֨ר רָאִ֜ינוּ צָרַ֥ת נַפְשׁ֛וֹ בְּהִתְחַֽנְנ֥וֹ אֵלֵ֖ינוּ וְלֹ֣א שָׁמָ֑עְנוּ |
עַל־כֵּן֙ בָּ֣אָה אֵלֵ֔ינוּ הַצָּרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת
|21||And they said each to his brother, Lamentably guilty we are concerning our brother, that we saw the anguish of his being when he made supplication to us, and we did not hear. |
Therefore this trouble has come to us.
|וַיַּעַן֩ רְאוּבֵ֨ן אֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר הֲלוֹא֩ אָמַ֨רְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶ֧ם ׀ לֵאמֹ֛ר אַל־תֶּחֶטְא֥וּ בַיֶּ֖לֶד וְלֹ֣א שְׁמַעְתֶּ֑ם |
וְגַם־דָּמ֖וֹ הִנֵּ֥ה נִדְרָֽשׁ
|22||And Reuben answered them, saying, Did I not say to you, saying, Do not sin against the boy. And you did not hear. |
So also his blood here is searched out.
|וְהֵם֙ לֹ֣א יָֽדְע֔וּ כִּ֥י שֹׁמֵ֖עַ יוֹסֵ֑ף |
כִּ֥י הַמֵּלִ֖יץ בֵּינֹתָֽם
|23||And they did not know that Joseph heard, |
for there was an interpreter between them.
|וַיִּסֹּ֥ב מֵֽעֲלֵיהֶ֖ם וַיֵּ֑בְךְּ |
וַיָּ֤שָׁב אֲלֵהֶם֙ וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אֲלֵהֶ֔ם וַיִּקַּ֤ח מֵֽאִתָּם֙ אֶת־שִׁמְע֔וֹן וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ר אֹת֖וֹ לְעֵינֵיהֶֽם
|24||And he turned round from them and wept. |
And he returned to them and spoke to them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him in their sight.
|וַיְצַ֣ו יוֹסֵ֗ף וַיְמַלְא֣וּ אֶת־כְּלֵיהֶם֮ בָּר֒ וּלְהָשִׁ֤יב כַּסְפֵּיהֶם֙ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־שַׂקּ֔וֹ וְלָתֵ֥ת לָהֶ֛ם צֵדָ֖ה לַדָּ֑רֶךְ |
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ לָהֶ֖ם כֵּֽן
|25||And Joseph commanded to fill their vessels with corn and to return the silver of each to his sack, and to give them provender for the journey. |
And he did for them, indeed.
|וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ אֶת־שִׁבְרָ֖ם עַל־חֲמֹרֵיהֶ֑ם |
|26||And they lifted up their crushed corn onto their asses, |
and they went from there.
|וַיִּפְתַּ֨ח הָאֶחָ֜ד אֶת־שַׂקּ֗וֹ לָתֵ֥ת מִסְפּ֛וֹא לַחֲמֹר֖וֹ בַּמָּל֑וֹן |
וַיַּרְא֙ אֶת־כַּסְפּ֔וֹ וְהִנֵּה־ה֖וּא בְּפִ֥י אַמְתַּחְתּֽוֹ
|27||And the one opened his sack to give silage to his ass at the stop over, |
and he saw his money, and behold, it was in the mouth of his satchel.
|וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֶל־אֶחָיו֙ הוּשַׁ֣ב כַּסְפִּ֔י וְגַ֖ם הִנֵּ֣ה בְאַמְתַּחְתִּ֑י |
וַיֵּצֵ֣א לִבָּ֗ם וַיֶּֽחֶרְד֞וּ אִ֤ישׁ אֶל־אָחִיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מַה־זֹּ֛את עָשָׂ֥ה אֱלֹהִ֖ים לָֽנוּ
|28||And he said to his brothers, My silver has been returned and moreover, behold, in my satchel. |
And their heart was brought out, and they were apprehensive, each to his brothers saying, What is this that God has done to us?
|וַיָּבֹ֛אוּ אֶל־יַעֲקֹ֥ב אֲבִיהֶ֖ם אַ֣רְצָה כְּנָ֑עַן |
וַיַּגִּ֣ידוּ ל֔וֹ אֵ֛ת כָּל־הַקֹּרֹ֥ת אֹתָ֖ם לֵאמֹֽר
|29||And they went to Jacob their father, toward the land of Canaan, |
and they made clear to him all that had befallen them, saying.
|דִּ֠בֶּר הָאִ֨ישׁ אֲדֹנֵ֥י הָאָ֛רֶץ אִתָּ֖נוּ קָשׁ֑וֹת |
וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֹתָ֔נוּ כִּֽמְרַגְּלִ֖ים אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ
|30||~||The man, the lord of the land, spoke hard with us, |
and positioned us as spies on the land.
|וַנֹּ֥אמֶר אֵלָ֖יו כֵּנִ֣ים אֲנָ֑חְנוּ |
לֹ֥א הָיִ֖ינוּ מְרַגְּלִֽים
|31||And we said to him, We are reliable. |
We are not spies.
|שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר אֲנַ֛חְנוּ אַחִ֖ים בְּנֵ֣י אָבִ֑ינוּ |
הָאֶחָ֣ד אֵינֶ֔נּוּ וְהַקָּטֹ֥ן הַיּ֛וֹם אֶת־אָבִ֖ינוּ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן
|32||We are twelve brothers, the children of our father. |
The one is not, and the youngest, today is with our father in the land of Canaan.
|וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלֵ֗ינוּ הָאִישׁ֙ אֲדֹנֵ֣י הָאָ֔רֶץ בְּזֹ֣את אֵדַ֔ע כִּ֥י כֵנִ֖ים אַתֶּ֑ם |
אֲחִיכֶ֤ם הָֽאֶחָד֙ הַנִּ֣יחוּ אִתִּ֔י וְאֶת־רַעֲב֥וֹן בָּתֵּיכֶ֖ם קְח֥וּ וָלֵֽכוּ
|33||And the man, the lord of the land, said to us, In this I will know that you are reliable. |
The one from your brothers, leave with me, and for the famine of your households, take and go.
|וְ֠הָבִיאוּ אֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֣ם הַקָּטֹן֮ אֵלַי֒ וְאֵֽדְעָ֗ה כִּ֣י לֹ֤א מְרַגְּלִים֙ אַתֶּ֔ם כִּ֥י כֵנִ֖ים אַתֶּ֑ם |
אֶת־אֲחִיכֶם֙ אֶתֵּ֣ן לָכֶ֔ם וְאֶת־הָאָ֖רֶץ תִּסְחָֽרוּ
|34||~||And bring your youngest brother to me, and I will know that you are not spies but that you are reliable. |
Your brother I will give to you, and in the land you will buy and sell.
|וַיְהִ֗י הֵ֚ם מְרִיקִ֣ים שַׂקֵּיהֶ֔ם וְהִנֵּה־אִ֥ישׁ צְרוֹר־כַּסְפּ֖וֹ בְּשַׂקּ֑וֹ |
וַיִּרְא֞וּ אֶת־צְרֹר֧וֹת כַּסְפֵּיהֶ֛ם הֵ֥מָּה וַאֲבִיהֶ֖ם וַיִּירָֽאוּ
|35||And when they were emptying their sacks, behold, each bag of his money was in the sack. |
And they saw the bags of their silver, they and their father, and they were fearful.
|וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵהֶם֙ יַעֲקֹ֣ב אֲבִיהֶ֔ם אֹתִ֖י שִׁכַּלְתֶּ֑ם |
יוֹסֵ֤ף אֵינֶ֙נּוּ֙ וְשִׁמְע֣וֹן אֵינֶ֔נּוּ וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֣ן תִּקָּ֔חוּ עָלַ֖י הָי֥וּ כֻלָּֽנָה
|36||And Jacob their father said to them, Me you have bereaved. |
Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and Benjamin you will take. Everything is against me.
|וַיֹּ֤אמֶר רְאוּבֵן֙ אֶל־אָבִ֣יו לֵאמֹ֔ר אֶת־שְׁנֵ֤י בָנַי֙ תָּמִ֔ית אִם־לֹ֥א אֲבִיאֶ֖נּוּ אֵלֶ֑יךָ |
תְּנָ֤ה אֹתוֹ֙ עַל־יָדִ֔י וַאֲנִ֖י אֲשִׁיבֶ֥נּוּ אֵלֶֽיךָ
|37||And Reuben said to his father, saying, put my two sons to death if I do not bring him to you. |
Give him against my hand, and I myself will return him to you.
|וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לֹֽא־יֵרֵ֥ד בְּנִ֖י עִמָּכֶ֑ם |
כִּֽי־אָחִ֨יו מֵ֜ת וְה֧וּא לְבַדּ֣וֹ נִשְׁאָ֗ר וּקְרָאָ֤הוּ אָסוֹן֙ בַּדֶּ֙רֶךְ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תֵּֽלְכוּ־בָ֔הּ וְהוֹרַדְתֶּ֧ם אֶת־שֵׂיבָתִ֛י בְּיָג֖וֹן שְׁאֽוֹלָה
|38||But he said, My son will not descend with you, |
for his brother is dead, and he alone is still here. If harm encountered him by the way that you are going, then you would bring down my grey hairs with sadness to the grave.