Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Isaiah 46

I did an underlay of the music with the English to test for reasonable fit. (Every now and then I encounter in the automated transcription a possible new combination of vowel sounds. There is one here. Accolades for anyone who finds it.) As a matter of course, there are both too many and too few syllables in the English underlay.


Isaiah 46 Fn Min Max Syll
כָּרַ֥ע בֵּל֙ קֹרֵ֣ס נְב֔וֹ הָיוּ֙ עֲצַבֵּיהֶ֔ם לַחַיָּ֖ה וְלַבְּהֵמָ֑ה
נְשֻׂאֹתֵיכֶ֣ם עֲמוּס֔וֹת מַשָּׂ֖א לַעֲיֵפָֽה
1 Bel bows down. Nebo ducks. Their idols are on an animal or a beast.
Your carts are onerous, a load for the exhausted.
3e 4B 20
14
קָרְס֤וּ כָֽרְעוּ֙ יַחְדָּ֔ו לֹ֥א יָכְל֖וּ מַלֵּ֣ט מַשָּׂ֑א
וְנַפְשָׁ֖ם בַּשְּׁבִ֥י הָלָֽכָה
2 They duck, they bow down as one. They are not able to escape the load,
and their group, into captivity has gone.
3e 4C 13
8
שִׁמְע֤וּ אֵלַי֙ בֵּ֣ית יַעֲקֹ֔ב וְכָל־שְׁאֵרִ֖ית בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
הַֽעֲמֻסִים֙ מִנִּי־בֶ֔טֶן הַנְּשֻׂאִ֖ים מִנִּי־רָֽחַם
3 Hear me, house of Jacob and all the residue of the house of Israel,
who were onerous from a belly, who were borne from a womb.
3e 4C 17
13
וְעַד־זִקְנָה֙ אֲנִ֣י ה֔וּא וְעַד־שֵיבָ֖ה אֲנִ֣י אֶסְבֹּ֑ל
אֲנִ֤י עָשִׂ֙יתִי֙ וַאֲנִ֣י אֶשָּׂ֔א וַאֲנִ֥י אֶסְבֹּ֖ל וַאֲמַלֵּֽט
4 And even to old age, I am he. And even grey hair, I myself will bear the burden.
I myself have made, and I myself lift up, and I myself will bear the burden, and I will provide escape.
3e 4C 15
19
לְמִ֥י תְדַמְי֖וּנִי וְתַשְׁו֑וּ
וְתַמְשִׁל֖וּנִי וְנִדְמֶֽה
5 To whom will you liken me or consider equal?
or make a parable that we may be likened?
3e 4A 9
8
הַזָּלִ֤ים זָהָב֙ מִכִּ֔יס וְכֶ֖סֶף בַּקָּנֶ֣ה יִשְׁקֹ֑לוּ
יִשְׂכְּר֤וּ צוֹרֵף֙ וְיַעֲשֵׂ֣הוּ אֵ֔ל יִסְגְּד֖וּ אַף־יִֽשְׁתַּחֲוּֽוּ
6 They lavish gold from a cup, and silver in purchase they weigh.
They hire a refiner, and he makes it a god. They pay homage. Also they worship.
3e 4C 16
19
יִ֠שָּׂאֻהוּ עַל־כָּתֵ֨ף יִסְבְּלֻ֜הוּ וְיַנִּיחֻ֤הוּ תַחְתָּיו֙ וְיַֽעֲמֹ֔ד מִמְּקוֹמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א יָמִ֑ישׁ
אַף־יִצְעַ֤ק אֵלָיו֙ וְלֹ֣א יַעֲנֶ֔ה מִצָּרָת֖וֹ לֹ֥א יוֹשִׁיעֶֽנּוּ
7 ~ They lift it up on a shoulder. They bear it as burden and they leave it, lowering it, and it stands from its place, unfeeling.
Indeed one will cry out to it, but it does not answer. From trouble, it will not save anyone.
3e 4C 28
19
זִכְרוּ־זֹ֖את וְהִתְאֹשָׁ֑שׁוּ
הָשִׁ֥יבוּ פוֹשְׁעִ֖ים עַל־לֵֽב
8 Remember this. Make yourselves for real.
Restore yourselves, you transgressors against the heart.
3e 4A 8
7
זִכְר֥וּ רִאשֹׁנ֖וֹת מֵעוֹלָ֑ם
כִּ֣י אָנֹכִ֥י אֵל֙ וְאֵ֣ין ע֔וֹד אֱלֹהִ֖ים וְאֶ֥פֶס כָּמֽוֹנִי
9 Remember the former things from everlasting.
For I am the One, and there is nothing else, God, and there is no extreme like me,
3e 4B 8
17
מַגִּ֤יד מֵֽרֵאשִׁית֙ אַחֲרִ֔ית וּמִקֶּ֖דֶם אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־נַעֲשׂ֑וּ
אֹמֵר֙ עֲצָתִ֣י תָק֔וּם וְכָל־חֶפְצִ֖י אֶעֱשֶֽׂה
10 Making clear from the beginning, the things that will follow, and from antiquity, what had not been done,
saying, My counsel will arise, and all my delight, I will do,
3e 4C 17
14
קֹרֵ֤א מִמִּזְרָח֙ עַ֔יִט מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מֶרְחָ֖ק אִ֣ישׁ עֲצָתִ֑י
אַף־דִּבַּ֙רְתִּי֙ אַף־אֲבִיאֶ֔נָּה יָצַ֖רְתִּי אַף־אֶעֱשֶֽׂנָּה
11 Calling from the sunrise a bird of prey, from a distant land, the person of my counsel.
Indeed, I have spoken. Indeed, I will bring, I will fashion. Indeed, I will do it.
3e 4C 16
17
שִׁמְע֥וּ אֵלַ֖י אַבִּ֣ירֵי לֵ֑ב
הָרְחוֹקִ֖ים מִצְּדָקָֽה
12 Hear me, you mighty of heart,
who are distant from righteousness.
3e 4B 8
6
קֵרַ֤בְתִּי צִדְקָתִי֙ לֹ֣א תִרְחָ֔ק וּתְשׁוּעָתִ֖י לֹ֣א תְאַחֵ֑ר
וְנָתַתִּ֤י בְצִיּוֹן֙ תְּשׁוּעָ֔ה לְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל תִּפְאַרְתִּֽי
13 I bring near my righteousness. It is not distant. And my salvation will not delay.
And I will give, in Zion, salvation for Israel, my adornment.
3e 4C 17
17

As far as choices of gloss are concerned, there are simply too many to list comfortably in a blog for all the stems in even this short chapter.

But here is the whole possible glossary omitting some very common words, all grammar and all names. Some stems map one (Hebrew) to one (English), but lots of them map one (H) to many (E). I have limited the many (H) to the same English stem but there are many exceptions (720 stems where I allow some many to one).

These almost lemma forms in English have been derived from the actual English gloss I used for the Hebrew word by a manually coded English parser. It is a very difficult problem and I have not spent a lot of time on it, but it has caught many of my inadvertent many-to-one violations of my concordance rule.

אביר mighty (19)
אחר follow (102) tomorrow (37) delay (11) backward (8) latter (7) morrow (7) last (6) latter end (4) result (4) late (3) later time (3) farthest part (2) follower (2) consequence (1) hindquarter (1) inclination (1) rear (1) rearward (1) straggler (1) things follow (1)
אישׁ man (361) person (309) men (179) anyone (67) soldier (49) everyone (42) untranslated (38) -one (25) adult (10) representative (6) another (4) other (3) personal (3) another person (1) being (1) every (1) every person (1) hero (1) one (1) real (1) ride (1) spouse (1)
אמר said (2,355) say (1,424) says (504) promise (92) talk (20) saying (18) pronounce (10) indicate (6) untranslated (5) mention (3) said... (2) tout (2) uppermost offshoot (2) looking say (1) vocal (1) women said (1)
אפס ends (17) end (8) extreme (4) come end (3) terminate (3) termination (3) shallow (1)
ארץ land (1,315) earth (10) through land (5) earthward (3)
בהמה beast (121) cattle (51) behemoth (2)
בוא come (703) came (463) enter (224) bring (182) brought (167) go (59) income (31) went (31) entry (19) conduct (18) entrance (13) going down (11) come duty (4) comply (4) cued (3) recede (3) summon (3) cue (2) goes (2) introduce (2) progress (2) brought colonist (1) come pass (1) cue rise (1) go down (1) goes down (1) others came (1) therefore come (1) untranslated (1) well come (1) wield (1)
בטן belly (64) belly-home (1)
בית house (1,837) household (15) housing (6) inside (6) mansion (3) hearth home (1) smelling-bottle (1) untranslated (1)
דבר word (891) spoke (428) speak (409) spoken (146) matter (3) untranslated (3) annals (2) tale (2) -speech (1) address (1) concern (1) conversation (1) even word (1) said word (1) speak be (1) speaker (1) thing (1) through word (1)
דמה likeness (27) liken (5) akin (2) suppose (2)
הלך walk (424) go (321) went (227) come (45) meander (18) led (17) goes (15) gone (12) usher (12) amble (9) travel (9) procession (6) rush (6) came (5) proceed (5) gush (2) plod (2) slither (2) strut (2) traveler (2) avoid walk (1) expedition (1) gait (1) go back (1) got (1) promenade (1) sail (1) to (1) untranslated (1) walk around (1) walk out (1) walk up (1) walked offstage (1) walked through (1) walker (1) walking intent (1) went down (1) went rush (1)
זהב gold (323) shekels gold (13) golden (10)
זכר remember (171) memorial (30) remembrance (17) archivist (9) male (8) memory (6) remind (2) zealous (2) bring remembrance (1) lasting memory (1) untranslated (1) zero (1) zion remember (1) zoomed memory (1)
זקן elder (115) old (35) aged (10) old age (8) beard (3) ages (2) age (1) old man (1) old men (1) old women (1)
זרח sunrise (31) rise (16) native (14) east (2) easterly side (2) native born (2) risen (1) zenith-bearing (1)
חיה live (347) life (211) animal (38) alive (23) keep alive (15) living creature (15) give life (13) revive (9) living thing (6) kept alive (5) raw (4) living field (3) outlive (3) gives life (2) left alive (2) allowed live (1) compared life (1) continue live (1) even life (1) gave life (1) given life (1) keep live (1) keeps alive (1) lifetime (1) stay alive (1)
חפץ delight (109) delightful (2)
יחד together (59) unique (8) altogether (6) unit (3) solitary (2) uniqueness (2) single (1) unify (1)
יכל overpower (11) endure (10) all (3) accomplish (2)
ינח leave (23) left (17) allow (8)
יעץ counsel (65) advise (19) advice (13) counselor (11) conspiracy (7) conspire (4) take counsel (4) took advice (3) took counsel (3) consult (2) consultation (2) advisor (1)
יצר fashion (36) potter (14) fashioner (5) adversity (1) feature (1) refashion (1)
ישׁע save (137) salvation (134) saviour (13) victory (9) victorious (6) safety (5) brought salvation (2) going salvation (1) safe (1) save anyone (1)
כוס cup (22) cups (1)
כסף silver (307) money (22) silver piece (6) pieces silver (4) salivate (1)
כרע bowed down (13) bow down (11) bowing down (3) bows down (2) bow (1) shank (1)
כתף shoulder (51) shoulder-strap (5)
לב heart (521) heartfelt (1)
מושׁ deviate (13) feel (6) extricate (3) felt (1)
מלט escape (74) cement (1) help escape (1) helped escape (1) lay (1) provide escape (1)
משׁל govern (39) proverb (19) parable (18) governance (13) proverbial (3) cite (2) give governance (1) governor (1) lest govern (1)
נגד clear (104) told (45) announce (37) tell (35) evident (24) evidence (2) known (1) sure clear (1) untranslated (1)
נפשׁ being (212) integrity (71) self (44) very self (36) group (30) untranslated (9) anyone (4) selves (3) very selves (3) group be (2) regroup (2) selfish (2) -hold (1) being - be (1) everyone (1) groups together (1) self- (1)
נשׂא bear (145) lifted up (133) lift up (117) principal (110) load (50) bore (33) bearing (32) borne (18) lifting up (15) bearer (9) lifts up (7) take (7) swell (6) assume liability (5) partiality (5) partial (4) take up (4) forbearance (3) liability (3) bear up (2) being lifted up (2) forbear (2) mist (2) supply (2) took (2) care package (1) cart (1) fetch (1) lift (1) lifter (1) wave (1)
נתן give (700) gave (339) given (228) assign (73) position (69) permit (48) consign (45) yield (31) daub (23) grant (8) connect (7) put forth (7) demonstrate (6) donation (3) prevent (3) chant (2) give up (2) take (2) tighten (2) untranslated (2) gave permission (1) give here (1) giving due (1) let (1) net (1) play (1) refrain give (1) responsible (1) though permit (1)
סבל burden (16) bear burden (6) bearing burden (1) bears burden (1) burden carry (1) burden-bearing (1)
סגד pay homage (12) homage (1)
עוד still (52) longer (44) further (42) continue (8) continue around (1) indeed (1) never (1) past (1) persistent (1) still exist (1) though further (1) very (1) witness (1)
עיט birds prey (3) bird prey (2)
עיף exhaust (12)
עלם forever (199) evermore (76) everlasting (62) eras past (16) never (10) old (8) era (7) everlastingly (4) adolescence (2) dissemble (2) youthful vigour (2) another era (1) eras (1) eras come (1) even everlasting (1) even old (1) untranslated (1) verily forever (1) whenever (1)
עמד stand (246) stood (115) pillar (80) install (16) give stand (2) keep foothold (2) stood back (2) stood up (2) foothold (1) lo stand (1) stand back (1) standing here (1) standing pillar (1) standing-place (1) steady (1) through pillar (1)
עמס carry (5) onerous (3)
ענה answer (318) expound (1)
עצב hardship (18) idol (14) pain (7) torture (5) pained fetish (2) configure (1) disabuse (1) idolize (1)
עשׂה deed (109) construct (107) undertake (54) deal (41) undertook (35) dealt (22) interleave (16) undertaken (16) construction (15) maker (12) do (6) out (6) doing (4) operate (4) ply (4) through deed (3) act (2) being (2) doer (2) similar construction (2) take action (2) task (2) that (2) untranslated (2) -do (1) .. (1) achieve (1) all (1) ask deal (1) exercise (1) mark deed (1) operation (1) operator (1) particular deed (1) up (1)
פאר adorn (63)
פשׁע transgression (85) transgress (28) transgressor (4) through transgression (1)
צדק righteousness (234) righteous (24) justify (18) justice (10) just (7) right (5) verily righteousness (2) saving righteousness - (1)
צעק cry out (19) outcry (18) cried out (16) 'ts crying out (1) cries out (1) crying out (1) tza cry out (1) untranslated (1)
צרף refine (21) crucible (3) refined till (1)
צרר trouble (121) strait (12) anguish (8) hard-nose (2) straiten (2) inside trouble (1) lobs (1) strain (1) trouble bound (1) tsuga trouble (1)
קדם eastward (43) east (36) old (18) antiquity (13) confront (11) eastern (8) east wind (5) come (4) precede (4) prior status (4) confrontation (3) go (3) advance (2) came (2) quest (2) first (1) forestall (1) olden (1) precedent (1) prior (1) quite old (1) stall (1)
קום place (409) arise (203) arose (125) raise up (31) raise (24) upheld (19) raised up (16) uphold (16) arisen (9) raising up (5) risen corn (4) assignation (1) hold high (1) quicken (1) quickly arise (1) quite arisen (1) sneer (1) take place (1) up (1) waking arise (1)
קנה purchase (68) buy (26) acquire (21) acquisition (12) bought (12) livestock (3) acquisitiveness (1) buys (1)
קרא call (512) encounter (73) proclaim (48) recite (34) convocation (23) called out (11) acclaim (6) call out (4) invite (4) query (4) converge (3) partridge (2) recitation (2) calls out (1) convergence (1) convoke (1)
קרב bring near (102) approach (75) near (44) brought near (19) close combat (19) come near (12) came near (9) brings near (6) bringing near (4) quite near (4) cheek jowl (3) draw near (2) draws near (2) nearness (2) bring together (1) close (1) coming near (1) drawing near (1) inner (1) near-term (1) quick (1)
קרס duck (2)
ראשׁ begin (52) former (28) beginning (5) former thing (4) former time (4) precedence (1) primal (1) right begin (1)
רחם womb (27) womb two (1)
רחק distant (51) afar (31) far (25) distance (13) put distance (5) put far (4) remote (4) distant place (3) keeps distance (1) puts distance (1)
שׁאר residue (120) still here (21) leave residue (12) trace (7) left residue (6) still (3) bereft (2) extra (2) leave trace (1) trace left (1)
שׁבה captivity (59) captive (23) carry (7) took captive (7) capture (3) led captive (3) lead captive (2) captor (1) sit tight (1)
שׁוב return (460) turn (284) restore (50) turn back (11) turncoat (9) turned back (8) bring back (7) reverse (5) brought back (4) rep (4) reply (4) repair (3) return back (3) untranslated (3) paid tribute (2) turning (2) turning back (2) get back (1) give riposte (1) restoration (1) returned back (1) revert (1) riposte (1) turns back (1) zigzag (1)
שׁוה considered equal (8) agreed (4) confer (3) consider equal (2) resemble (2) alike (1) attribute (1) equal (1)
שׁחה worship (74)
שׁמע hear (598) heard (334) broadcast (20) pay heed (19) report (12) fame (9) heed (7) message (5) paid heed (5) music (2) untranslated (2) anyone (1) hear - listen (1) lest hear (1)
שׁקל shekel (97) weight (23) weigh (11) appraisal (5) assess (4) spend (3) appraise (2)
שׂיב grey hair (12) grey-hair (8) hoary age (1)
שׂכר wage (27) mercenary (9) hire (5) wage-earner (5) contract (4) earns wage (2) earn (1) fare (1) find earn (1)

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