Wednesday, May 16, 2018

1 Chronicles 5

We learn some important things about birthright from comments in this chapter. And also about the current situation for the writer. In all these chapters full of names, there are tidbits that fill in blanks.

Part of reading is deciding when two things are the same and when they are different. Names - like T-P below are variously spelled and or misheard in various places. Probably the same T-P though. And when does one use the, or a, or no article? All such details have to be considered, and when the translation is semi-automated, there can be lots of mistakes and misjudgments propagated by accident, a whole different set of problems from the tiredness that would happen if such a process were controlled manually.

1 Chronicles 5 Fn Min Max Syll
וּבְנֵ֨י רְאוּבֵ֥ן בְּכֽוֹר־יִשְׂרָאֵל֮ כִּ֣י ה֣וּא הַבְּכוֹר֒ וּֽבְחַלְּלוֹ֙ יְצוּעֵ֣י אָבִ֔יו נִתְּנָה֙ בְּכֹ֣רָת֔וֹ לִבְנֵ֥י יוֹסֵ֖ף בֶּן־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְלֹ֥א לְהִתְיַחֵ֖שׂ לַבְּכֹרָֽה
1 And the children of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn, but he profaned the berths of his father). His birthright was given to the children of Joseph, child of Israel,
and not through the genealogy of the firstborn.
3e 4B 36
9
כִּ֤י יְהוּדָה֙ גָּבַ֣ר בְּאֶחָ֔יו וּלְנָגִ֖יד מִמֶּ֑נּוּ
וְהַבְּכֹרָ֖ה לְיוֹסֵֽף
2 C For Judah prevailed among his kin and heraldry was from him,
but the birthright was for Joseph.
3e 4C 15
7
בְּנֵ֥י רְאוּבֵ֖ן בְּכ֣וֹר יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
חֲנ֥וֹךְ וּפַלּ֖וּא חֶצְר֥וֹן וְכַרְמִֽי
3 The children of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel,
Chanok and Phallu, Hetsron and Carmi.
3e 4B 10
10
בְּנֵ֖י יוֹאֵ֑ל
שְׁמַֽעְיָ֥ה בְנ֛וֹ גּ֥וֹג בְּנ֖וֹ שִׁמְעִ֥י בְנֽוֹ
4 The children of Joel,
Shemaiah his child, Gog his child, Shimei his child,
3d 4A 4
12
מִיכָ֥ה בְנ֛וֹ רְאָיָ֥ה בְנ֖וֹ בַּ֥עַל בְּנֽוֹ 5 Micah his child, Rayah his child, Baal his child, 3d 3g 13
בְּאֵרָ֣ה בְנ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֶגְלָ֔ה תִּלְּגַ֥ת פִּלְנְאֶ֖סֶר מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשֻּׁ֑ר
ה֥וּא נָשִׂ֖יא לָרֽאוּבֵנִֽי
6 Beerah his child, that Tiglath Pilneser, king of Ashur, had exiled.
He was a principal of the Reubenites.
3e 4B 19
7
וְאֶחָיו֙ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֔יו בְּהִתְיַחֵ֖שׂ לְתֹלְדוֹתָ֑ם
הָרֹ֥אשׁ יְעִיאֵ֖ל וּזְכַרְיָֽהוּ
7 And his kin by their families, in the genealogy of their successions,
the head, Jeiel, and Zechariah.
3e 4A 16
9
וּבֶ֙לַע֙ בֶּן־עָזָ֔ז בֶּן־שֶׁ֖מַע בֶּן־יוֹאֵ֑ל
ה֚וּא יוֹשֵׁ֣ב בַּעֲרֹעֵ֔ר וְעַד־נְב֖וֹ וּבַ֥עַל מְעֽוֹן
8 And Bela, child of Azaz, child of Shema, child of Joel,
they inhabit in Aroer and to Nebo and Baal Meon.
3e 4C 12
16
וְלַמִּזְרָ֗ח יָשַׁב֙ עַד־לְב֣וֹא מִדְבָּ֔רָה לְמִן־הַנָּהָ֖ר פְּרָ֑ת
כִּ֧י מִקְנֵיהֶ֛ם רָב֖וּ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ גִּלְעָֽד
9 And toward the sunrise he settled to the entry toward the wilderness from the river Euphrates,
for their livestock was multiplied in the land of Gilead.
3c 4B 19
11
וּבִימֵ֣י שָׁא֗וּל עָשׂ֤וּ מִלְחָמָה֙ עִם־הַֽהַגְרִאִ֔ים וַֽיִּפְּל֖וּ בְּיָדָ֑ם
וַיֵּשְׁבוּ֙ בְּאָ֣הֳלֵיהֶ֔ם עַֽל־כָּל־פְּנֵ֖י מִזְרָ֥ח לַגִּלְעָֽד
10 And in the days of Saul, they made war with the Hagarites, and they fell by their hand,
and they settled in their tents over all the surface from the east of Gilead.
3e 4C 21
17
וּבְנֵי־גָ֣ד לְנֶגְדָּ֗ם יָֽשְׁב֛וּ בְּאֶ֥רֶץ הַבָּשָׁ֖ן עַד־סַלְכָֽה 11 And the children of Gad before them, settled in the land of the Bashan to Salkah. 3d 4B 17
יוֹאֵ֣ל הָרֹ֔אשׁ וְשָׁפָ֖ם הַמִּשְׁנֶ֑ה
וְיַעְנַ֥י וְשָׁפָ֖ט בַּבָּשָֽׁן
12 Joel, the head, and Shepham, the second,
Jaanai and Shaphat in Bashan.
3e 4B 10
9
וַאֲחֵיהֶ֞ם לְבֵ֣ית אֲבוֹתֵיהֶ֗ם מִֽיכָאֵ֡ל וּמְשֻׁלָּ֡ם וְ֠שֶׁבַע וְיוֹרַ֧י וְיַעְכָּ֛ן וְזִ֥יעַ וָעֵ֖בֶר שִׁבְעָֽה 13 And their kin of the house of their ancestors, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheva, and Jorai, and Yakan, and Zia, and Eber, seven. 3c 4B 33
אֵ֣לֶּה ׀ בְּנֵ֣י אֲבִיחַ֗יִל בֶּן־חוּרִ֡י בֶּן־יָ֠רוֹחַ בֶּן־גִּלְעָ֧ד בֶּן־מִיכָאֵ֛ל בֶּן־יְשִׁישַׁ֥י בֶּן־יַחְדּ֖וֹ בֶּן־בּֽוּז 14 B These are the children of Abixail, child of Chori, child of Yaroax, child of Gilead, child of Michael, child of Yeshishai, child of Yaxdo, child of Buz. 3c 4B 31
אֲחִי֙ בֶּן־עַבְדִּיאֵ֣ל בֶּן־גּוּנִ֔י רֹ֖אשׁ לְבֵ֥ית אֲבוֹתָֽם 15 Axi, child of Abdiel, child of Guni, head for the house of their ancestors. 3e 4B 15
וַיֵּֽשְׁב֛וּ בַּגִּלְעָ֥ד בַּבָּשָׁ֖ן וּבִבְנֹתֶ֑יהָ
וּבְכָֽל־מִגְרְשֵׁ֥י שָׁר֖וֹן עַל־תּוֹצְאוֹתָֽם
16 And they settled in Gilead, in Bashan, and in her built-up areas,
and in all the outlands of the plain over their goings out.
3d 4A 14
11
כֻּלָּם֙ הִתְיַחְשׂ֔וּ בִּימֵ֖י יוֹתָ֣ם מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָ֑ה
וּבִימֵ֖י יָרָבְעָ֥ם מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 All of them were enrolled by genealogy in the days of Jotham king of Judah,
and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.
3e 4B 14
11
בְּנֵֽי־רְאוּבֵ֨ן וְגָדִ֜י וַחֲצִ֥י שֵֽׁבֶט־מְנַשֶּׁה֮ מִן־בְּנֵי־חַיִל֒ אֲ֠נָשִׁים נֹשְׂאֵ֨י מָגֵ֤ן וְחֶ֙רֶב֙ וְדֹ֣רְכֵי קֶ֔שֶׁת וּלְמוּדֵ֖י מִלְחָמָ֑ה
אַרְבָּעִ֨ים וְאַרְבָּעָ֥ה אֶ֛לֶף וּשְׁבַע־מֵא֥וֹת וְשִׁשִּׁ֖ים יֹצְאֵ֥י צָבָֽא
18 The children of Reuben and the Gadites, and the half band of Manasseh, from the children of ability, soldiers to bear shield and sword and direct a bow, taught in war,
were forty four thousand seven hundred and sixty who came forth as host.
3d 4C 41
20
וַיַּעֲשׂ֥וּ מִלְחָמָ֖ה עִם־הַֽהַגְרִיאִ֑ים
וִיט֥וּר וְנָפִ֖ישׁ וְנוֹדָֽב
19 And they made war with the Hagarites,
with Yetur and Nafish and Nodab.
3e 4A 12
8
וַיֵּעָזְר֣וּ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּנָּתְנ֤וּ בְיָדָם֙ הַֽהַגְרִיאִ֔ים וְכֹ֖ל שֶׁ֣עִמָּהֶ֑ם
כִּ֠י לֵאלֹהִ֤ים זָעֲקוּ֙ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְנַעְתּ֥וֹר לָהֶ֖ם כִּי־בָ֥טְחוּ בֽוֹ
20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were given into their hand and all that were with them,
for they cried out to God in the battle, and he was petitioned for them, for they trusted in him.
3e 4C 24
20
וַיִּשְׁבּ֣וּ מִקְנֵיהֶ֗ם גְּֽמַלֵּיהֶ֞ם חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים אֶ֙לֶף֙ וְצֹ֗אן מָאתַ֤יִם וַחֲמִשִּׁים֙ אֶ֔לֶף וַחֲמוֹרִ֖ים אַלְפָּ֑יִם
וְנֶ֥פֶשׁ אָדָ֖ם מֵ֥אָה אָֽלֶף
21 And they took captive their livestock, their camels, fifty thousand, and sheep, two hundred and fifty thousand, and their asses, two thousand,
and a group of humanity, a hundred thousand.
3e 4C 32
9
כִּֽי־חֲלָלִ֤ים רַבִּים֙ נָפָ֔לוּ כִּ֥י מֵהָאֱלֹהִ֖ים הַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וַיֵּשְׁב֥וּ תַחְתֵּיהֶ֖ם עַד־הַגֹּלָֽה
22 For many fell profaned because from God was the battle,
and they settled in their stead until the exile.
3e 4C 18
10
וּבְנֵ֗י חֲצִי֙ שֵׁ֣בֶט מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה יָשְׁב֖וּ בָּאָ֑רֶץ
מִבָּשָׁ֞ן עַד־בַּ֧עַל חֶרְמ֛וֹן וּשְׂנִ֥יר וְהַר־חֶרְמ֖וֹן הֵ֥מָּה רָבֽוּ
23 And the children of the half band of Manasseh settled in the land.
From Bashan to Baal Hermon, Senir and the hill of Hermon, they increased.
3c 4B 14
18
וְאֵ֖לֶּה רָאשֵׁ֣י בֵית־אֲבוֹתָ֑ם
וְעֵ֡פֶר וְיִשְׁעִ֡י וֶאֱלִיאֵ֡ל וְ֠עַזְרִיאֵל וְיִרְמְיָ֨ה וְהוֹדַוְיָ֜ה וְיַחְדִּיאֵ֗ל אֲנָשִׁים֙ גִּבּ֣וֹרֵי חַ֔יִל אַנְשֵׁ֣י שֵׁמ֔וֹת רָאשִׁ֖ים לְבֵ֥ית אֲבוֹתָֽם
24 And these are the heads of the house of their ancestors,
Eifer, and Ishi, and Elyel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Yexadyiel, valiant soldiers of ability, soldiers of reputation, heads for the house of their ancestors.
3e 4B 9
45
וַיִּֽמְעֲל֔וּ בֵּאלֹהֵ֖י אֲבוֹתֵיהֶ֑ם
וַיִּזְנ֗וּ אַחֲרֵי֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י עַמֵּי־הָאָ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־הִשְׁמִ֥יד אֱלֹהִ֖ים מִפְּנֵיהֶֽם
25 And they trespassed against the God of their ancestors,
and prostituted themselves after the gods of the peoples of the land, that God had exterminated before them.
3e 4B 11
23
וַיָּעַר֩ אֱלֹהֵ֨י יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל אֶת־ר֣וּחַ ׀ פּ֣וּל מֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁ֗וּר וְאֶת־ר֙וּחַ֙ תִּלְּגַ֤ת פִּלְנֶ֙סֶר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁ֔וּר וַיַּגְלֵם֙ לָראוּבֵנִ֣י וְלַגָּדִ֔י וְלַחֲצִ֖י שֵׁ֣בֶט מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה
וַ֠יְבִיאֵם לַחְלַ֨ח וְחָב֤וֹר וְהָרָא֙ וּנְהַ֣ר גּוֹזָ֔ן עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
26 And the God of Israel roused the spirit of Pul, king of Ashur, and the spirit of Tiglath-Pilneser, king of Ashur, and he exiled them, of the Reubenites and of the Gadites and of the half band of Manasseh,
and he brought them to Xalax, and Xabor, and Hara, and the river of Gozan, to this day.
3e 4C 50
20