Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Joshua 17

This chapter compares Manasseh with Joseph. It is a comparison with undertones, subtext that may be difficult to hear.

I have succumbed to a second gloss for one stem, אוץ. Everywhere else I have managed - like an awkward jigsaw puzzle piece - to squeeze it into the gloss importune. Here I allow tight. There is no hint of comparison in the grammar. I have forced myself to agree that it may have this sense of constraint. I didn't gloss it as narrow, which I, along with many others, have used for אטם.

Perhaps I should capitalize Quince as a location name. I live near a large public property with both old and new quince trees, from which we have occasionally pilfered a few to make jelly with. So the accidental name here is a bit of a joke. Maybe Joseph would have been satisfied with pilfering some of Manasseh's quinces. But he had a tougher assignment.

Joshua 17 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֤י הַגּוֹרָל֙ לְמַטֵּ֣ה מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה כִּי־ה֖וּא בְּכ֣וֹר יוֹסֵ֑ף
לְמָכִיר֩ בְּכ֨וֹר מְנַשֶּׁ֜ה אֲבִ֣י הַגִּלְעָ֗ד כִּ֣י ה֤וּא הָיָה֙ אִ֣ישׁ מִלְחָמָ֔ה וַֽיְהִי־ל֖וֹ הַגִּלְעָ֥ד וְהַבָּשָֽׁן
1 And this was the lot for the branch of Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of Joseph.
For Makir, the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of the Gilead, for he was a man of war, so there was for him the Gilead and Bashan.
3e 4C 16
30
וַ֠יְהִי לִבְנֵ֨י מְנַשֶּׁ֥ה הַנּוֹתָרִים֮ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם֒ לִבְנֵ֨י אֲבִיעֶ֜זֶר וְלִבְנֵי־חֵ֗לֶק וְלִבְנֵ֤י אַשְׂרִיאֵל֙ וְלִבְנֵי־שֶׁ֔כֶם וְלִבְנֵי־חֵ֖פֶר וְלִבְנֵ֣י שְׁמִידָ֑ע
אֵ֠לֶּה בְּנֵ֨י מְנַשֶּׁ֧ה בֶּן־יוֹסֵ֛ף הַזְּכָרִ֖ים לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָֽם
2 ~ And there was, for the children of Manasseh remaining in their families, for the children of Abiezer, and for the children of Xeleq, and for the children of Asrael, and for the children of Shechem, and for the children of Xefar, and for the children of Shemida.
These are the children of Manasseh child of Joseph, the males in their families.
3c 4C 46
18
וְלִצְלָפְחָד֩ בֶּן־חֵ֨פֶר בֶּן־גִּלְעָ֜ד בֶּן־מָכִ֣יר בֶּן־מְנַשֶּׁ֗ה לֹא־הָ֥יוּ ל֛וֹ בָּנִ֖ים כִּ֣י אִם־בָּנ֑וֹת
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ שְׁמ֣וֹת בְּנֹתָ֔יו מַחְלָ֣ה וְנֹעָ֔ה חָגְלָ֥ה מִלְכָּ֖ה וְתִרְצָֽה
3 And for Tselofexad, child of Xefar, child of Gilead, child of Makir, child of Manasseh, there were no sons for him, but rather daughters.
And these are the names of his daughters, Maxelah, and No`ah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
3d 4B 26
20
וַתִּקְרַ֡בְנָה לִפְנֵי֩ אֶלְעָזָ֨ר הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וְלִפְנֵ֣י ׀ יְהוֹשֻׁ֣עַ בִּן־נ֗וּן וְלִפְנֵ֤י הַנְּשִׂיאִים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יְהוָה֙ צִוָּ֣ה אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֔ה לָֽתֶת־לָ֥נוּ נַחֲלָ֖ה בְּת֣וֹךְ אַחֵ֑ינוּ
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן לָהֶ֜ם אֶל־פִּ֤י יְהוָה֙ נַֽחֲלָ֔ה בְּת֖וֹךְ אֲחֵ֥י אֲבִיהֶֽן
4 And they approached before Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua child of Nun, and before the principals, saying, Yahweh commanded Moses to give to us an inheritance among our kin,
and he gave to them, by the mandate of Yahweh, an inheritance among the kin of their father.
3e 4C 48
19
וַיִּפְּל֥וּ חַבְלֵֽי־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה עֲשָׂרָ֑ה
לְבַ֞ד מֵאֶ֤רֶץ הַגִּלְעָד֙ וְהַבָּשָׁ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵעֵ֥בֶר לַיַּרְדֵּֽן
5 So there fell ten territories to Manasseh,
besides those from the land of the Gilead and the Bashan that are from beyond Jordan,
3e 4C 11
20
כִּ֚י בְּנ֣וֹת מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה נָחֲל֥וּ נַחֲלָ֖ה בְּת֣וֹךְ בָּנָ֑יו
וְאֶ֙רֶץ֙ הַגִּלְעָ֔ד הָיְתָ֥ה לִבְנֵֽי־מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה הַנּֽוֹתָרִֽים
6 C for the daughters of Manasseh inherited an inheritance among his sons,
and the land of the Gilead, that was for the remaining children of Manasseh.
3e 4C 16
17
וַיְהִ֤י גְבוּל־מְנַשֶּׁה֙ מֵֽאָשֵׁ֔ר הַֽמִּכְמְתָ֔ת אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֣י שְׁכֶ֑ם
וְהָלַ֤ךְ הַגְּבוּל֙ אֶל־הַיָּמִ֔ין אֶל־יֹשְׁבֵ֖י עֵ֥ין תַּפּֽוּחַ
7 And the border of Manasseh is from the Mikmethah that is over before Shechem,
and the border goes to the right side, to the inhabitants of the eye of the quince.
3e 4C 21
16
לִמְנַשֶּׁ֕ה הָיְתָ֖ה אֶ֣רֶץ תַּפּ֑וּחַ
וְתַפּ֛וּחַ אֶל־גְּב֥וּל מְנַשֶּׁ֖ה לִבְנֵ֥י אֶפְרָֽיִם
8 To Manasseh belonged the land of the quince,
but the quince to the border of Manasseh was for the children of Ephraim.
3d 4B 10
15
וְיָרַ֣ד הַגְּבוּל֩ נַ֨חַל קָנָ֜ה נֶ֣גְבָּה לַנַּ֗חַל עָרִ֤ים הָאֵ֙לֶּה֙ לְאֶפְרַ֔יִם בְּת֖וֹךְ עָרֵ֣י מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה
וּגְב֤וּל מְנַשֶּׁה֙ מִצְּפ֣וֹן לַנַּ֔חַל וַיְהִ֥י תֹצְאֹתָ֖יו הַיָּֽמָּה
9 And the border descends to the wadi of Qenah southward of the wadi. These cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh.
And the border of Manasseh is from the north of the wadi, and its exeunts toward the sea.
3e 4C 29
18
נֶ֣גְבָּה לְאֶפְרַ֗יִם וְצָפ֙וֹנָה֙ לִמְנַשֶּׁ֔ה וַיְהִ֥י הַיָּ֖ם גְּבוּל֑וֹ
וּבְאָשֵׁר֙ יִפְגְּע֣וּן מִצָּפ֔וֹן וּבְיִשָּׂשכָ֖ר מִמִּזְרָֽח
10 B Southward was of Ephraim, and northward of Manasseh, and the sea its border.
And in Asher they come across from the north, and in Issachar from the sunrise.
3e 4B 19
16
וַיְהִ֨י לִמְנַשֶּׁ֜ה בְּיִשָּׂשכָ֣ר וּבְאָשֵׁ֗ר בֵּית־שְׁאָ֣ן וּ֠בְנוֹתֶיהָ וְיִבְלְעָ֨ם וּבְנוֹתֶ֜יהָ וְֽאֶת־יֹשְׁבֵ֧י דֹ֣אר וּבְנוֹתֶ֗יהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵ֤י עֵֽין־דֹּר֙ וּבְנֹתֶ֔יהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵ֤י תַעְנַךְ֙ וּבְנֹתֶ֔יהָ וְיֹשְׁבֵ֥י מְגִדּ֖וֹ וּבְנוֹתֶ֑יהָ
שְׁלֹ֖שֶׁת הַנָּֽפֶת
11 And Manasseh has in Issachar and in Asher, the house of Shean and her built-up areas, Yiblam and her built-up areas, and the inhabitants of Dor and her built-up areas, and the inhabitants of Endor, and her built-up areas, and the inhabitants of Taanah and her built-up areas, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and her built-up areas,
three elevations.
3c 4C 64
6
וְלֹ֤א יָכְלוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה לְהוֹרִ֖ישׁ אֶת־הֶֽעָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה
וַיּ֙וֹאֶל֙ הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֔י לָשֶׁ֖בֶת בָּאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּֽאת
12 And the children of Manasseh were not able to dispossess these cities,
but the Canaanite attempted to settle in that land.
3e 4C 19
15
וַֽיְהִ֗י כִּ֤י חָֽזְקוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּתְּנ֥וּ אֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֖י לָמַ֑ס
וְהוֹרֵ֖שׁ לֹ֥א הוֹרִישֽׁוֹ
13 And it would be that the children of Israel were resolute and consigned the Canaanite to forced service,
but they did not dispossess them.
3e 4C 20
7
וַֽיְדַבְּרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף אֶת־יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ לֵאמֹ֑ר
מַדּוּעַ֩ נָתַ֨תָּה לִּ֜י נַחֲלָ֗ה גּוֹרָ֤ל אֶחָד֙ וְחֶ֣בֶל אֶחָ֔ד וַֽאֲנִ֣י עַם־רָ֔ב עַ֥ד אֲשֶׁר־עַד־כֹּ֖ה בֵּֽרְכַ֥נִי יְהוָֽה
14 And the children of Joseph spoke with Joshua, saying,
For what purpose have you given to me an inheritance of one lot, and one territory, when I am an abundant people in that Yahweh thus has further blessed me?
3e 4C 14
34
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֜ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ אִם־עַם־רַ֤ב אַתָּה֙ עֲלֵ֣ה לְךָ֣ הַיַּ֔עְרָה וּבֵרֵאתָ֤ לְךָ֙ שָׁ֔ם בְּאֶ֥רֶץ הַפְּרִזִּ֖י וְהָֽרְפָאִ֑ים
כִּֽי־אָ֥ץ לְךָ֖ הַר־אֶפְרָֽיִם
15 And Joshua said to them, If you are an abundant people, go up for yourselves to the forest, and create for yourselves there in the land of the Perizzite and the Titans,
if mount Ephraim is too tight for you.
3e 4C 39
8
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יוֹסֵ֔ף לֹֽא־יִמָּ֥צֵא לָ֖נוּ הָהָ֑ר
וְרֶ֣כֶב בַּרְזֶ֗ל בְּכָל־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִי֙ הַיֹּשֵׁ֣ב בְּאֶֽרֶץ־הָעֵ֔מֶק לַֽאֲשֶׁ֤ר בְּבֵית־שְׁאָן֙ וּבְנוֹתֶ֔יהָ וְלַֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּעֵ֥מֶק יִזְרְעֶֽאל
16 And the children of Joseph said, The mountain will not be found suitable for us.
And iron chariot is in every Canaanite settlement in the land of the valley, those who are in Beth-Shean and her built-up areas, and those in the valley of Jezreel.
3e 4C 14
42
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ אֶל־בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵ֔ף לְאֶפְרַ֥יִם וְלִמְנַשֶּׁ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר
עַם־רַ֣ב אַתָּ֗ה וְכֹ֤חַ גָּדוֹל֙ לָ֔ךְ לֹֽא־יִהְיֶ֥ה לְךָ֖ גּוֹרָ֥ל אֶחָֽד
17 And Joshua said to the house of Joseph, to Ephraim, and to Manasseh, saying,
An abundant people you are, and power great is yours. One lot is not for you.
3e 4C 20
19
כִּ֣י הַ֤ר יִֽהְיֶה־לָּךְ֙ כִּֽי־יַ֣עַר ה֔וּא וּבֵ֣רֵאת֔וֹ וְהָיָ֥ה לְךָ֖ תֹּֽצְאֹתָ֑יו
כִּֽי־תוֹרִ֣ישׁ אֶת־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִ֗י כִּ֣י רֶ֤כֶב בַּרְזֶל֙ ל֔וֹ כִּ֥י חָזָ֖ק הֽוּא
18 B For mountain is yours, because it is forest and you will create it, and it will be for you, its exeunts.
For you will dispossess the Canaanite, though he has iron chariot, though he is courageous.
3e 4C 20
17


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