Thursday, July 26, 2018

The toughest word

What's in a word? Nothing at all. By itself, it is a grunt. Too little information. A word only 'means' something through its usage. So how is it used? And what other grunts is it used with? And over what period of time and in what cultures? O my beard and whiskers - that is too much information.

I have been asking myself about the grunt that sounds like nephesh נפשׁ in Hebrew. There are of course pat answers and common glosses. But do they point to truth? Is it really the same idea as the English soul?

The wiki article on soul is really quite interesting. It appears that both the Greek and Hebrew origins are related to breathing. What does that do for my chosen glosses for this word? For some of them, the connection to breathing is clear.

I began in 2010 with being, but it is not perfect for a choice as gloss. It overlaps with both an English helping verb and the verb to be and clearly hayah does not sound like nephesh. Being is not the dominant gloss for נפשׁ in my reading. It is about 31% of usage excluding the 440 times I have glossed the stem as a personal pronoun. And the overlap with to be is minimal - I have used being for העה only a dozen times. The overlap with helping verbs is also small. I use being only about 40 times as a helping verb.

The most 'literal' meaning of נפשׁ is the very physical throat. In some contexts it can also refer to a cadaver whether walking and talking or not. Where there is a whole bunch of people referred to as one nephesh, I have used the gloss group.

I have used these glosses.
being (215 uses so far) integrity (85) very self (53) group (46) self (44) throat (31) cadaver (25) -- (10) anyone (5) regroup (3) very selves (3) group being (2) selfish (2) selves (2) -hold (1) being - being (1) everyone (1) groups together (1) self- (1) such selves (1), glossed as a pronoun (440)

It can be used as a verb also - see the uses of regroup below.

What is my conclusion? Is there an immortal soul, integrity, self, group for all? The text of the Bible neither supports this conclusion nor denies it. When I say all, I include all animal life. See Qohelet below. Chapter 6 is a meditation on justice. But it is chapter 3 that deals with spirit (sprite) that would be more relevant to an approach to our study of animal life. Ecclesiastes 3:21 is a question that is timeless:

Who knows if the sprite of the earthling child ascends herself upward,
or the sprite of the beast descends herself to the couch of the earth?

Though spirit is the dominant gloss for this stem, the gloss for רוח in Qohelet is mostly (17/24) wind. And in this chapter we have the merism of up and down to deal with as well!

רוח spirit (232) wind (125) interval (3) sprite (2) windy (2) aspirate (1) breathing-room (1) there spirit (1) ventilate (1) wisp (1)

Having got this far, I have not got far. But I have seen the landscape. My conclusion is that we must love. And it will be costly. One word won't get us everywhere. If there is an outside of time, a grave gravity graven in this canonical grove, a unity that is good, and which we must distinguish from the not good, then we will get there. And I am sure we will find comfort.

The TNK (Hebrew Bible) is a source for my conclusions if I read it well. There are for me, and must be for others, other sources, but I have not had time to read them in this kind of detail. And given the errors that can be derived from a poor reading, I think it is important not to jump to conclusions.


Below are all 741 uses of נפשׁ. The sequence they are in is word form within book. Unfortunately one can't tell much from a list of locations where a word is used. But one could study them further. The hand below points to the chapter in Bob's Bible where this phrase is used (available if it is drafted and published). The hover links are to the Common Jewish Bible.
Genesis נפשׁ
בנפשׁו in his integrityGen 44:30 ,
בנפשׁו in its integrityGen 9:4 ,
הנפשׁ the cadaversGen 14:21 ,
הנפשׁ the groupGen 12:5 , Gen 46:26 ,
הנפשׁ the group ofGen 46:27 ,
הנפשׁ very selfGen 17:14 ,
ונפשׁו for his integrityGen 44:30 ,
לנפשׁ to selfGen 2:7 ,
לנפשׁתיכם for your integrityGen 9:5 ,
נפשׁ a group ofGen 46:27 ,
נפשׁ beingGen 1:20 , Gen 1:24 , Gen 9:12 , Gen 9:15 , Gen 9:16 ,
נפשׁ beingsGen 9:10 ,
נפשׁ his beingGen 37:21 ,
נפשׁ in the groupGen 46:18 ,
נפשׁ the beingGen 1:21 ,
נפשׁ the being ofGen 1:30 ,
נפשׁ the group beingGen 46:22 , Gen 46:25 ,
נפשׁ the group ofGen 46:15 ,
נפשׁ the group wasGen 46:26 ,
נפשׁ the integrity ofGen 9:5 ,
נפשׁ the selfGen 2:19 ,
נפשׁה her beingGen 35:18 ,
נפשׁו -Gen 34:3 , Gen 34:8 ,
נפשׁו his beingGen 42:21 ,
נפשׁות -holdGen 36:6 ,
נפשׁי IGen 12:13 , Gen 19:20 , Gen 27:4 , Gen 27:25 , Gen 32:31 ,
נפשׁי meGen 19:19 ,
נפשׁי my beingGen 49:6 ,
נפשׁך youGen 27:19 , Gen 27:31 ,
נפשׁך your selfGen 19:17 ,
נפשׁכם your groupGen 23:8 ,
Exodus נפשׁ
הנפשׁ beingExo 12:15 , Exo 12:19 ,
הנפשׁ groupExo 31:14 ,
וינפשׁ and regroupedExo 31:17 ,
וינפשׁ and will regroupExo 23:12 ,
נפשׁ --Exo 12:16 ,
נפשׁ of themExo 1:5 ,
נפשׁ thoseExo 1:5 ,
נפשׁ throatExo 21:23 ,
נפשׁ what it is to beExo 23:9 ,
נפשׁו his integrityExo 21:30 ,
נפשׁו their ownExo 30:12 ,
נפשׁי my beingExo 15:9 ,
נפשׁך your beingExo 4:19 ,
נפשׁת theirExo 12:4 ,
נפשׁתיכם yourselvesExo 16:16 , Exo 30:15 , Exo 30:16 ,
Leviticus נפשׁ
בנפשׁ against the very selfLev 17:10 ,
בנפשׁ against very selfLev 20:6 ,
בנפשׁ for integrityLev 17:11 ,
בנפשׁו in its integrityLev 17:14 ,
הנפשׁ --Lev 23:29 ,
הנפשׁ beingLev 22:3 ,
הנפשׁ groupLev 23:30 ,
הנפשׁ the groupLev 23:30 ,
הנפשׁ the very selfLev 7:25 ,
הנפשׁ very selfLev 7:20 , Lev 7:21 , Lev 7:27 , Lev 19:8 ,
הנפשׁות the groupsLev 18:29 ,
והנפשׁ and the selfLev 7:18 , Lev 20:6 ,
והנפשׁ but the selfLev 7:20 ,
ונפשׁ and if anyoneLev 5:1 ,
ונפשׁ and the selfLev 2:1 , Lev 7:21 ,
לנפשׁ for a cadaverLev 19:28 , Lev 21:1 ,
נפשׁ -Lev 26:16 ,
נפשׁ a beingLev 22:6 , Lev 22:11 ,
נפשׁ anyoneLev 5:2 , Lev 5:4 ,
נפשׁ beingLev 24:17 ,
נפשׁ beingsLev 11:10 , Lev 11:46 ,
נפשׁ cadaverLev 22:4 ,
נפשׁ of youLev 4:27 ,
נפשׁ oneLev 17:12 ,
נפשׁ selfLev 7:27 ,
נפשׁ the beingLev 11:46 ,
נפשׁ the integrity ofLev 17:11 , Lev 17:14 ,
נפשׁ the selfLev 4:2 , Lev 5:15 , Lev 5:17 , Lev 5:21 ,
נפשׁ the throat ofLev 24:18 ,
נפשׁ throatLev 24:18 ,
נפשׁ youLev 17:15 ,
נפשׁי -Lev 26:11 , Lev 26:30 ,
נפשׁכם -Lev 26:15 ,
נפשׁם -Lev 26:43 ,
נפשׁת beingsLev 27:2 ,
נפשׁת cadaversLev 21:11 ,
נפשׁתיכם yourselvesLev 11:43 , Lev 11:44 , Lev 16:29 , Lev 16:31 , Lev 17:11 , Lev 20:25 , Lev 23:27 , Lev 23:32 ,
Numbers נפשׁ
בנפשׁ by anyone'sNum 35:30 ,
בנפשׁ the cadaver ofNum 19:13 ,
בנפשׁתם against themselvesNum 17:3 ,
הנפשׁ beingNum 19:20 ,
הנפשׁ cadaverNum 9:13 ,
הנפשׁ groupNum 15:30 , Num 15:31 ,
הנפשׁ integrityNum 5:6 ,
הנפשׁ selfNum 19:13 ,
הנפשׁ the beingNum 6:11 ,
הנפשׁ the selfNum 15:28 ,
הנפשׁות the groupsNum 19:18 ,
והנפשׁ but the beingNum 19:22 ,
והנפשׁ but the selfNum 15:30 ,
ונפשׁ and a group ofNum 31:35 , Num 31:40 , Num 31:46 ,
ונפשׁנו and our groupNum 21:5 ,
לנפשׁ for the cadaver ofNum 35:31 ,
לנפשׁ from a cadaverNum 5:2 , Num 9:6 , Num 9:7 , Num 9:10 ,
נפשׁ a beingNum 6:6 , Num 30:14 , Num 31:19 ,
נפשׁ a group ofNum 31:40 ,
נפשׁ as a group ofNum 21:4 ,
נפשׁ beingNum 31:28 ,
נפשׁ cadaverNum 19:11 ,
נפשׁ of youNum 15:27 ,
נפשׁ someoneNum 35:11 , Num 35:15 , Num 35:30 ,
נפשׁ the groupNum 31:35 ,
נפשׁה her very selfNum 30:5 , Num 30:6 , Num 30:7 , Num 30:8 , Num 30:9 , Num 30:10 , Num 30:11 , Num 30:12 , Num 30:13 ,
נפשׁו his very selfNum 30:3 ,
נפשׁי my throatNum 23:10 ,
נפשׁנו weNum 11:6 ,
נפשׁתיכם yourselvesNum 29:7 ,
נפשׁתינו our groupNum 31:50 ,
Deuteronomy נפשׁ
בנפשׁ by throatDeu 19:21 ,
הנפשׁ the integrityDeu 12:23 ,
כנפשׁך -Deu 23:25 ,
כנפשׁך as your own selfDeu 13:7 ,
לנפשׁה -Deu 21:14 ,
לנפשׁתיכם for your integrityDeu 4:15 ,
נפשׁ -Deu 22:26 , Deu 24:7 ,
נפשׁ --Deu 24:6 ,
נפשׁ a groupDeu 10:22 ,
נפשׁ himDeu 19:6 , Deu 19:11 ,
נפשׁ integrityDeu 28:65 ,
נפשׁ the integrity ofDeu 27:25 ,
נפשׁ throatDeu 19:21 ,
נפשׁו his very selfDeu 18:6 , Deu 24:15 ,
נפשׁך youDeu 12:20 ,
נפשׁך your beingDeu 4:29 , Deu 6:5 , Deu 10:12 , Deu 12:15 , Deu 12:20 , Deu 12:21 , Deu 14:26 , Deu 26:16 , Deu 30:2 , Deu 30:6 , Deu 30:10 ,
נפשׁך your integrityDeu 4:9 ,
נפשׁכם your beingDeu 11:13 , Deu 13:4 ,
נפשׁכם your very selfDeu 11:18 ,
Joshua נפשׁ
הנפשׁ --Jos 11:11 ,
הנפשׁ the groupJos 10:28 , Jos 10:30 , Jos 10:32 , Jos 10:35 , Jos 10:37 ,
לנפשׁתיכם for your integrityJos 23:11 ,
לנפשׁתינו -Jos 9:24 ,
נפשׁ someoneJos 20:3 , Jos 20:9 ,
נפשׁ the groupJos 10:39 ,
נפשׁכם your beingJos 22:5 , Jos 23:14 ,
נפשׁנו our groupJos 2:14 ,
נפשׁתינו our groupJos 2:13 ,
Judges נפשׁ
ונפשׁ and those ofJud 18:25 ,
נפשׁ --Jud 18:25 ,
נפשׁו he wasJud 10:16 , Jud 16:16 ,
נפשׁו his groupJud 5:18 ,
נפשׁו his very selfJud 9:17 ,
נפשׁי meJud 16:30 ,
נפשׁי my groupJud 12:3 ,
נפשׁי my integrityJud 5:21 ,
נפשׁך your very selfJud 18:25 ,
1 Samuel נפשׁ
בנפשׁ -1Sa 18:1 ,
בנפשׁי for me1Sa 28:9 ,
ובנפשׁי and in my being1Sa 2:35 ,
ונפשׁ -1Sa 18:1 ,
כנפשׁו -1Sa 18:1 , 1Sa 18:3 ,
נפשׁ -1Sa 25:29 ,
נפשׁ --1Sa 22:2 , 1Sa 25:29 ,
נפשׁ being1Sa 1:10 ,
נפשׁ the integrity of1Sa 22:22 , 1Sa 30:6 ,
נפשׁו -1Sa 20:17 ,
נפשׁו his very self1Sa 19:5 , 1Sa 23:15 ,
נפשׁי me1Sa 22:23 ,
נפשׁי my being1Sa 1:15 , 1Sa 28:21 ,
נפשׁי my integrity1Sa 20:1 , 1Sa 24:12 , 1Sa 26:21 , 1Sa 26:24 ,
נפשׁך -1Sa 20:4 ,
נפשׁך you1Sa 2:16 , 1Sa 2:33 , 1Sa 20:3 , 1Sa 22:23 , 1Sa 25:26 ,
נפשׁך your being1Sa 1:26 , 1Sa 17:55 , 1Sa 19:11 , 1Sa 23:20 , 1Sa 25:29 ,
נפשׁך your integrity1Sa 26:24 ,
2 Samuel נפשׁ
בנפשׁ for the integrity of2Sa 14:7 ,
בנפשׁותם -2Sa 23:17 ,
בנפשׁי -2Sa 18:13 ,
וינפשׁ and he regrouped2Sa 16:14 ,
ונפשׁ and the integrity of2Sa 19:6 ,
נפשׁ -2Sa 17:8 ,
נפשׁ a cadaver2Sa 14:14 ,
נפשׁ the integrity of2Sa 5:8 , 2Sa 19:6 ,
נפשׁי me2Sa 4:9 ,
נפשׁי my integrity2Sa 1:9 , 2Sa 16:11 ,
נפשׁך your being2Sa 4:8 ,
נפשׁך your integrity2Sa 3:21 , 2Sa 11:11 , 2Sa 14:19 ,
נפשׁך your very self2Sa 19:6 ,
1 Kings נפשׁ
בנפשׁו against himself1Kings 2:23 ,
כנפשׁ as the cadaver of1Kings 19:2 ,
נפשׁ -1Kings 17:21 , 1Kings 17:22 ,
נפשׁ --1Kings 1:12 ,
נפשׁ the throat of1Kings 3:11 ,
נפשׁו -1Kings 20:39 , 1Kings 20:42 ,
נפשׁו he was1Kings 19:4 ,
נפשׁו his own cadaver1Kings 19:3 ,
נפשׁי me1Kings 1:29 ,
נפשׁי my being1Kings 20:32 ,
נפשׁי my cadaver1Kings 19:4 ,
נפשׁי my throat1Kings 19:10 , 1Kings 19:14 ,
נפשׁך -1Kings 20:39 , 1Kings 20:42 ,
נפשׁך your being1Kings 20:31 ,
נפשׁך your cadaver1Kings 19:2 ,
נפשׁך your integrity1Kings 11:37 ,
נפשׁך yourself1Kings 1:12 ,
נפשׁם their integrity1Kings 2:4 , 1Kings 8:48 ,
2 Kings נפשׁ
ונפשׁ and the being of2Kings 1:13 ,
נפשׁ integrity2Kings 23:3 ,
נפשׁה -2Kings 4:27 ,
נפשׁו -2Kings 10:24 ,
נפשׁו his integrity2Kings 23:25 ,
נפשׁות those who2Kings 12:5 ,
נפשׁי my being2Kings 1:13 , 2Kings 1:14 ,
נפשׁך you2Kings 2:2 , 2Kings 2:4 , 2Kings 2:6 , 2Kings 4:30 ,
נפשׁכם your selves2Kings 9:15 ,
נפשׁם themselves2Kings 7:7 ,
Isaiah נפשׁ
הנפשׁ --Isa 3:20 ,
ונפשׁ and the one who isIsa 58:10 ,
ונפשׁו -Isa 29:8 ,
ונפשׁם and their groupIsa 46:2 ,
לנפשׁך to your beingIsa 51:23 ,
לנפשׁם to themIsa 3:9 ,
מנפשׁ from throatIsa 10:18 ,
נפשׁ --Isa 19:10 ,
נפשׁ a selfIsa 32:6 , Isa 49:7 ,
נפשׁ integrityIsa 26:8 ,
נפשׁ selfIsa 56:11 ,
נפשׁה her throatIsa 5:14 ,
נפשׁו -Isa 29:8 ,
נפשׁו himIsa 53:10 ,
נפשׁו himselfIsa 53:12 ,
נפשׁו hisIsa 53:11 ,
נפשׁו his very selfIsa 44:20 ,
נפשׁו its integrityIsa 15:4 ,
נפשׁו its very selfIsa 58:5 ,
נפשׁי IIsa 1:14 ,
נפשׁי my beingIsa 38:17 , Isa 61:10 ,
נפשׁי my very selfIsa 42:1 ,
נפשׁי myselfIsa 26:9 ,
נפשׁי that is mineIsa 38:15 ,
נפשׁך -Isa 43:4 ,
נפשׁך your beingIsa 58:10 , Isa 58:11 ,
נפשׁכם your integrityIsa 55:3 ,
נפשׁכם your selfIsa 55:2 ,
נפשׁם their integrityIsa 66:3 ,
נפשׁם themselvesIsa 47:14 ,
נפשׁנו ourselvesIsa 58:3 ,
Jeremiah נפשׁ
בנפשׁו by his integrityJer 51:14 ,
בנפשׁותיכם in your integrityJer 17:21 , Jer 42:20 ,
הנפשׁ --Jer 43:6 ,
הנפשׁ integrityJer 38:16 ,
הנפשׁ the very selfJer 4:10 ,
לנפשׁי for meJer 18:20 ,
לנפשׁכם -Jer 6:16 ,
לנפשׁם for themselvesJer 34:16 ,
נפשׁ a group ofJer 52:29 , Jer 52:30 ,
נפשׁ groups togetherJer 52:30 ,
נפשׁ heJer 40:15 ,
נפשׁ himJer 40:14 ,
נפשׁ the being ofJer 31:14 ,
נפשׁ the throat ofJer 20:13 ,
נפשׁ throatJer 31:25 ,
נפשׁה her throatJer 2:24 , Jer 15:9 ,
נפשׁה herselfJer 3:11 ,
נפשׁו -Jer 50:19 ,
נפשׁו his very selfJer 44:30 ,
נפשׁו its very selfJer 21:9 , Jer 38:2 , Jer 51:6 , Jer 51:45 ,
נפשׁות the beings ofJer 2:34 ,
נפשׁותינו ourselvesJer 26:19 ,
נפשׁי -Jer 6:8 , Jer 13:17 ,
נפשׁי I would have integrityJer 15:1 ,
נפשׁי O my very selfJer 4:19 ,
נפשׁי my beingJer 32:41 ,
נפשׁי my integrityJer 5:9 , Jer 5:29 , Jer 9:8 , Jer 12:7 ,
נפשׁי my very selfJer 4:31 ,
נפשׁך youJer 38:17 , Jer 38:20 ,
נפשׁך your beingJer 11:21 , Jer 39:18 , Jer 45:5 ,
נפשׁך your integrityJer 14:19 , Jer 22:25 , Jer 38:16 ,
נפשׁך your very selfJer 4:30 ,
נפשׁכם -Jer 48:6 ,
נפשׁם for themselvesJer 22:27 , Jer 44:14 ,
נפשׁם their beingJer 31:12 ,
נפשׁם their cadaverJer 19:7 , Jer 19:9 , Jer 21:7 , Jer 34:20 , Jer 34:21 , Jer 46:26 , Jer 49:37 ,
נפשׁתיכם yourselvesJer 37:9 ,
נפשׁתכם your integrityJer 44:7 ,
Ezekiel נפשׁ
בנפשׁ -Eze 27:13 ,
בנפשׁ into the will ofEze 16:27 ,
בנפשׁ selfishEze 25:6 , Eze 25:15 ,
הנפשׁ the beingEze 18:4 , Eze 18:20 ,
הנפשׁות beingsEze 18:4 ,
הנפשׁות the groupsEze 13:20 ,
הנפשׁות the groups thatEze 13:18 , Eze 13:20 ,
וכנפשׁ so the being ofEze 18:4 ,
ונפשׁות and the groupsEze 13:18 ,
כנפשׁ as the being ofEze 18:4 ,
לנפשׁו for its own integrityEze 32:10 ,
נפשׁ -Eze 22:25 , Eze 27:31 ,
נפשׁ anyoneEze 33:6 ,
נפשׁ beingEze 47:9 ,
נפשׁ integrityEze 36:5 ,
נפשׁה -Eze 23:17 ,
נפשׁו his very selfEze 33:5 ,
נפשׁו its very selfEze 18:27 ,
נפשׁות -Eze 22:27 ,
נפשׁות everyoneEze 13:18 ,
נפשׁות groupsEze 13:19 ,
נפשׁות throatsEze 17:17 ,
נפשׁי -Eze 23:18 ,
נפשׁי my beingEze 4:14 ,
נפשׁים the groupsEze 13:20 ,
נפשׁך -Eze 23:22 , Eze 23:28 ,
נפשׁך your beingEze 3:19 , Eze 3:21 ,
נפשׁך your integrityEze 16:5 ,
נפשׁך your very selfEze 33:9 ,
נפשׁכם -Eze 24:21 ,
נפשׁם -Eze 24:25 ,
נפשׁם their integrityEze 7:19 ,
נפשׁם themselvesEze 14:14 , Eze 14:20 ,
Hosea נפשׁ
לנפשׁם for themselvesHos 9:4 ,
נפשׁו their beingHos 4:8 ,
Amos נפשׁ
בנפשׁו by his integrityAmo 6:8 ,
נפשׁו himselfAmo 2:14 , Amo 2:15 ,
Jonah נפשׁ
בנפשׁ in the beingJon 1:14 ,
נפשׁ the throatJon 2:6 ,
נפשׁו he wasJon 4:8 ,
נפשׁי IJon 2:8 ,
נפשׁי my beingJon 4:3 ,
Micah נפשׁ
נפשׁו hisMic 7:3 ,
נפשׁי IMic 7:1 ,
נפשׁי my beingMic 6:7 ,
Habakkuk נפשׁ
נפשׁו is his beingHab 2:4 ,
נפשׁו its throatHab 2:5 ,
נפשׁך your beingHab 2:10 ,
Haggai נפשׁ
נפשׁ beingHag 2:13 ,
Zechariah נפשׁ
נפשׁי my beingZec 11:8 ,
נפשׁם their beingsZec 11:8 ,
Psalms נפשׁ
בנפשׁ in beingPsa 17:9 ,
בנפשׁ into the throat ofPsa 41:3 ,
בנפשׁ to the throat ofPsa 27:12 ,
בנפשׁו by his integrityPsa 105:22 ,
בנפשׁי on myselfPsa 13:3 ,
בנפשׁי within mePsa 138:3 ,
בנפשׁם to their beingPsa 106:15 ,
ונפשׁ and a selfPsa 107:9 ,
ונפשׁו but his beingPsa 22:30 ,
ונפשׁות andPsa 72:13 ,
ונפשׁי and my beingPsa 6:4 , Psa 35:9 , Psa 71:23 ,
ונפשׁי as my selfPsa 139:14 ,
לנפשׁי for mePsa 35:7 , Psa 59:4 ,
לנפשׁי for my beingPsa 66:16 ,
לנפשׁי my beingPsa 142:5 ,
לנפשׁי of mePsa 3:3 ,
לנפשׁי of my beingPsa 35:12 ,
לנפשׁי to mePsa 11:1 ,
לנפשׁי to my beingPsa 35:3 ,
לנפשׁם for themselvesPsa 78:18 ,
נפשׁ a selfPsa 107:9 ,
נפשׁ any beingPsa 19:8 ,
נפשׁ the being ofPsa 34:23 , Psa 86:4 , Psa 94:21 ,
נפשׁ the throatPsa 69:2 ,
נפשׁ the throat ofPsa 74:19 ,
נפשׁו hePsa 11:5 , Psa 89:49 ,
נפשׁו himPsa 109:31 ,
נפשׁו himselfPsa 49:19 ,
נפשׁו his throatPsa 105:18 ,
נפשׁו its ownPsa 10:3 ,
נפשׁו now hePsa 25:13 ,
נפשׁות --Psa 97:10 ,
נפשׁי I amPsa 57:5 ,
נפשׁי O my beingPsa 42:6 , Psa 42:12 , Psa 43:5 , Psa 103:1 , Psa 103:2 , Psa 103:22 , Psa 104:1 , Psa 104:35 , Psa 116:7 , Psa 146:1 ,
נפשׁי being - my beingPsa 34:3 ,
נפשׁי is my beingPsa 57:7 ,
נפשׁי mePsa 7:3 , Psa 7:6 , Psa 16:10 , Psa 17:13 , Psa 24:4 , Psa 26:9 , Psa 30:4 , Psa 35:17 , Psa 49:16 , Psa 56:7 , Psa 56:14 , Psa 109:20 ,
נפשׁי my beingPsa 6:5 , Psa 22:21 , Psa 23:3 , Psa 31:8 , Psa 31:10 , Psa 31:14 , Psa 35:4 , Psa 35:13 , Psa 38:13 , Psa 40:15 , Psa 41:5 , Psa 42:2 , Psa 42:3 , Psa 42:5 , Psa 42:7 , Psa 54:5 , Psa 54:6 , Psa 55:19 , Psa 57:2 , Psa 62:2 , Psa 62:6 , Psa 63:2 , Psa 63:6 , Psa 63:9 , Psa 63:10 , Psa 69:11 , Psa 69:19 , Psa 70:3 , Psa 71:10 , Psa 71:13 , Psa 77:3 , Psa 84:3 , Psa 86:2 , Psa 86:4 , Psa 86:13 , Psa 86:14 , Psa 88:4 , Psa 88:15 , Psa 94:17 , Psa 94:19 , Psa 116:4 , Psa 116:8 , Psa 119:20 , Psa 119:25 , Psa 119:28 , Psa 119:81 , Psa 119:129 , Psa 119:167 , Psa 119:175 , Psa 120:2 , Psa 120:6 , Psa 130:5 , Psa 130:6 , Psa 131:2 , Psa 141:8 , Psa 142:8 , Psa 143:3 , Psa 143:6 , Psa 143:8 , Psa 143:11 , Psa 143:12 ,
נפשׁי my selfPsa 25:1 , Psa 25:20 ,
נפשׁי now my being isPsa 119:109 ,
נפשׁך your beingPsa 121:7 ,
נפשׁם their beingPsa 33:19 , Psa 78:50 ,
נפשׁם their beingsPsa 107:5 , Psa 107:18 , Psa 107:26 ,
נפשׁם their self-Psa 49:9 ,
נפשׁם themPsa 72:14 ,
נפשׁנו our beingPsa 33:20 , Psa 123:4 , Psa 124:7 ,
נפשׁנו our being isPsa 44:26 ,
נפשׁנו ours he isPsa 35:25 ,
נפשׁנו usPsa 66:9 , Psa 124:4 , Psa 124:5 ,
Proverbs נפשׁ
בנפשׁו against itselfPro 7:23 , Pro 23:7 ,
ונפשׁ and a selfPro 19:15 ,
ונפשׁ and the being ofPro 25:13 ,
ונפשׁ but selfPro 13:4 ,
ונפשׁ but the throat ofPro 13:2 ,
ונפשׁ but to a selfPro 27:7 ,
ונפשׁו and its integrityPro 23:14 ,
לנפשׁ to integrityPro 13:19 , Pro 16:24 ,
לנפשׁך for your throatPro 3:22 ,
לנפשׁך to your beingPro 2:10 , Pro 24:14 , Pro 29:17 ,
לנפשׁך to your integrityPro 22:25 ,
לנפשׁתם themselvesPro 1:18 ,
נפשׁ a cadaverPro 28:17 ,
נפשׁ a selfPro 6:26 , Pro 27:7 ,
נפשׁ integrityPro 19:2 , Pro 23:2 , Pro 27:9 ,
נפשׁ selfPro 1:19 , Pro 13:8 , Pro 21:10 , Pro 28:25 , Pro 31:6 ,
נפשׁ the integrity ofPro 10:3 , Pro 12:10 , Pro 22:23 ,
נפשׁ the selfPro 16:26 ,
נפשׁ the self thatPro 11:25 ,
נפשׁ throatPro 25:25 ,
נפשׁו for itPro 13:4 ,
נפשׁו himPro 29:10 ,
נפשׁו himselfPro 6:32 , Pro 15:32 ,
נפשׁו integrityPro 11:17 ,
נפשׁו itsPro 14:10 ,
נפשׁו its beingPro 13:25 , Pro 18:7 ,
נפשׁו its integrityPro 19:8 , Pro 21:23 , Pro 22:5 ,
נפשׁו itselfPro 6:30 , Pro 8:36 , Pro 13:3 , Pro 16:17 , Pro 19:16 , Pro 20:2 , Pro 29:24 ,
נפשׁו to himPro 6:16 ,
נפשׁות beingsPro 14:25 ,
נפשׁך youPro 24:12 ,
נפשׁך yourselfPro 19:18 ,
נפשׂות such selvesPro 11:30 ,
Job נפשׁ
בנפשׁ within itselfJob 21:25 ,
ונפשׁ and the being ofJob 24:12 , Job 31:39 ,
ונפשׁו and his beingJob 14:22 , Job 23:13 ,
ונפשׁו and its very selfJob 33:20 ,
ונפשׁי and myselfJob 13:14 ,
נפשׁ a selfJob 11:20 ,
נפשׁ is the being ofJob 12:10 ,
נפשׁ selfJob 3:20 ,
נפשׁו his very selfJob 2:4 , Job 2:6 , Job 27:8 , Job 31:30 , Job 32:2 , Job 41:21 ,
נפשׁו its very selfJob 33:18 , Job 33:22 , Job 33:28 , Job 33:30 ,
נפשׁו itselfJob 18:4 ,
נפשׁי meJob 27:2 ,
נפשׁי myJob 16:4 ,
נפשׁי my beingJob 6:7 , Job 6:11 , Job 7:11 , Job 10:1 , Job 19:2 , Job 30:16 ,
נפשׁי my selfJob 9:21 ,
נפשׁי my throatJob 7:15 ,
נפשׁי my very selfJob 30:25 ,
נפשׁכם your selvesJob 16:4 ,
נפשׁם their beingJob 36:14 ,
Song נפשׁ
נפשׁי mySong 1:7 , Song 3:1 , Song 3:2 , Song 3:3 , Song 3:4 ,
נפשׁי my selfSong 5:6 ,
נפשׁי myselfSong 6:12 ,
Ruth נפשׁ
נפשׁ youRut 4:15 ,
Lamentations נפשׁ
בנפשׁנו ourselvesLam 5:9 ,
לנפשׁ to the beingLam 3:25 ,
לנפשׁי that is mineLam 3:51 ,
נפשׁ the integrity ofLam 2:19 ,
נפשׁ themselvesLam 1:11 ,
נפשׁי is my beingLam 3:20 ,
נפשׁי meLam 1:16 ,
נפשׁי my beingLam 3:17 , Lam 3:24 ,
נפשׁי ownLam 3:58 ,
נפשׁם their beingsLam 2:12 ,
נפשׁם themselvesLam 1:19 ,
Qohelet נפשׁ
הנפשׁ that throatQoh 6:7 ,
ונפשׁו but itQoh 6:3 ,
לנפשׁו in itQoh 6:2 ,
נפשׁ selfQoh 6:9 ,
נפשׁו itselfQoh 2:24 ,
נפשׁי meQoh 4:8 ,
נפשׁי my selfQoh 7:28 ,
Esther נפשׁ
בנפשׁך that youEst 4:13 ,
נפשׁו his very selfEst 7:7 ,
נפשׁי my very selfEst 7:3 ,
נפשׁם their very selvesEst 8:11 , Est 9:16 , Est 9:31 ,
1 Chronicles נפשׁ
בנפשׁותם in their integrity1Ch 11:19 ,
ובנפשׁ and with integrity of1Ch 28:9 ,
ונפשׁ and a group of1Ch 5:21 ,
ונפשׁכם and your being1Ch 22:19 ,
2 Chronicles נפשׁ
נפשׁ the throat of2Ch 1:11 ,
נפשׁו his integrity2Ch 34:31 ,
נפשׁם their integrity2Ch 6:38 , 2Ch 15:12 ,


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