Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Joel 2 the words

This is a republish of something I did - when was it - maybe 9 months ago. It was unreadable. So here it is readable.

I was going to make a small change - considering how to untangle a few locks of the 12, and I couldn't read the way I had done it those months back. I am trying to untangle the distinction between שׁאר and עתר. They are hopelessly intertwined in the old translations - left over, remnant, residue indiscriminately used for each. Maybe there's no distinction of meaning - but maybe not... (I don't always succeed in seeing the problems on the first pass.)

Joel 2
תִּקְע֨וּ שׁוֹפָ֜ר בְּצִיּ֗וֹן וְהָרִ֙יעוּ֙ בְּהַ֣ר קָדְשִׁ֔י יִרְגְּז֕וּ כֹּ֖ל יֹשְׁבֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ
כִּֽי־בָ֥א יוֹם־יְהוָ֖ה כִּ֥י קָרֽוֹב
1 Sound a shophar in Zion and raise a shout on my holy hill. Let all inhabitants of the land shudder,
for the day of Yahweh comes, for it is near.
24
7
י֧וֹם חֹ֣שֶׁךְ וַאֲפֵלָ֗ה י֤וֹם עָנָן֙ וַעֲרָפֶ֔ל כְּשַׁ֖חַר פָּרֻ֣שׂ עַל־הֶֽהָרִ֑ים
עַ֚ם רַ֣ב וְעָצ֔וּם כָּמֹ֗הוּ לֹ֤א נִֽהְיָה֙ מִן־הָ֣עוֹלָ֔ם וְאַֽחֲרָיו֙ לֹ֣א יוֹסֵ֔ף עַד־שְׁנֵ֖י דּ֥וֹר וָדֽוֹר
2 A day of darkness and gloom, a day of cloud and dark turbulence. As dawn spreads over the hills,
a people abundant and numerous, such as has never been and after it will not be again for years, generation upon generation.
23
28
לְפָנָיו֙ אָ֣כְלָה אֵ֔שׁ וְאַחֲרָ֖יו תְּלַהֵ֣ט לֶֽהָבָ֑ה
כְּגַן־עֵ֨דֶן הָאָ֜רֶץ לְפָנָ֗יו וְאַֽחֲרָיו֙ מִדְבַּ֣ר שְׁמָמָ֔ה וְגַם־פְּלֵיטָ֖ה לֹא־הָ֥יְתָה לּֽוֹ
3 Fire devours in its presence and after it blazing flame.
As the garden of Eden is the land before it, and after it, a desolate wilderness. And even security, it will not be for it.
16
28
כְּמַרְאֵ֥ה סוּסִ֖ים מַרְאֵ֑הוּ
וּכְפָרָשִׁ֖ים כֵּ֥ן יְרוּצֽוּן
4 As the appearance of horses is its appearance,
and as cavalry, so they race.
8
8
כְּק֣וֹל מַרְכָּב֗וֹת עַל־רָאשֵׁ֤י הֶֽהָרִים֙ יְרַקֵּד֔וּן כְּקוֹל֙ לַ֣הַב אֵ֔שׁ אֹכְלָ֖ה קָ֑שׁ
כְּעַ֣ם עָצ֔וּם עֱר֖וּךְ מִלְחָמָֽה
5 As the crackling of chariots over the tops of the hills they will skip. As the crackling of a flame of fire devouring stubble,
as a numerous people arranged for battle.
23
9
מִפָּנָ֖יו יָחִ֣ילוּ עַמִּ֑ים
כָּל־פָּנִ֖ים קִבְּצ֥וּ פָארֽוּר
6 Before its face peoples writhe,
All faces collect pallor.
8
7
כְּגִבּוֹרִ֣ים יְרֻצ֔וּן כְּאַנְשֵׁ֥י מִלְחָמָ֖ה יַעֲל֣וּ חוֹמָ֑ה
וְאִ֤ישׁ בִּדְרָכָיו֙ יֵֽלֵכ֔וּן וְלֹ֥א יְעַבְּט֖וּן אֹרְחוֹתָֽם
7 As the valiant they race, as mortals in battle they climb a wall
and each on its way walks and none is diverted from their path.
18
16
וְאִ֤ישׁ אָחִיו֙ לֹ֣א יִדְחָק֔וּן גֶּ֥בֶר בִּמְסִלָּת֖וֹ יֵֽלֵכ֑וּן
וּבְעַ֥ד הַשֶּׁ֛לַח יִפֹּ֖לוּ לֹ֥א יִבְצָֽעוּ
8 And each its kin does not jostle. Valiant on the highway they walk.
And about let the javelin fall. They do not find their mark.
17
12
בָּעִ֣יר יָשֹׁ֗קּוּ בַּֽחוֹמָה֙ יְרֻצ֔וּן בַּבָּתִּ֖ים יַעֲל֑וּ
בְּעַ֧ד הַחַלּוֹנִ֛ים יָבֹ֖אוּ כַּגַּנָּֽב
9 In the city they are shiftless. Upon the wall they race. On the houses they climb.
Through the windows they come like a thief.
17
11
לְפָנָיו֙ רָ֣גְזָה אֶ֔רֶץ רָעֲשׁ֖וּ שָׁמָ֑יִם
שֶׁ֤מֶשׁ וְיָרֵ֙חַ֙ קָדָ֔רוּ וְכוֹכָבִ֖ים אָסְפ֥וּ נָגְהָֽם
10 In its presence earth shuddered, heavens quaked,
sun and moon were in mourning and stars gather in their illumination.
13
17
וַֽיהוָ֗ה נָתַ֤ן קוֹלוֹ֙ לִפְנֵ֣י חֵיל֔וֹ כִּ֣י רַ֤ב מְאֹד֙ מַחֲנֵ֔הוּ כִּ֥י עָצ֖וּם עֹשֵׂ֣ה דְבָר֑וֹ
כִּֽי־גָד֧וֹל יוֹם־יְהוָ֛ה וְנוֹרָ֥א מְאֹ֖ד וּמִ֥י יְכִילֶֽנּוּ
11 But Yahweh gives his voice before his force for his army is very abundant, for numerous is the one doing his word,
for great is the day of Yahweh and very fearful so who will abide it.
26
16
וְגַם־עַתָּה֙ נְאֻם־יְהוָ֔ה שֻׁ֥בוּ עָדַ֖י בְּכָל־לְבַבְכֶ֑ם
וּבְצ֥וֹם וּבְבְכִ֖י וּבְמִסְפֵּֽד
12 And even now, an oracle of Yahweh, Turn to me with all your heart
and with fasting and with weeping and with wailing.
17
8
וְקִרְע֤וּ לְבַבְכֶם֙ וְאַל־בִּגְדֵיכֶ֔ם וְשׁ֖וּבוּ אֶל־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־חַנּ֤וּן וְרַחוּם֙ ה֔וּא אֶ֤רֶךְ אַפַּ֙יִם֙ וְרַב־חֶ֔סֶד וְנִחָ֖ם עַל־הָרָעָֽה
13 Rip your heart and not your garments and turn to Yahweh your God
for gracious and compassionate is he, slow to anger and abundant in loving-kindness and sighs over evil.
21
21
מִ֥י יוֹדֵ֖עַ יָשׁ֣וּב וְנִחָ֑ם
וְהִשְׁאִ֤יר אַֽחֲרָיו֙ בְּרָכָ֔ה מִנְחָ֣ה וָנֶ֔סֶךְ לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶֽם פ
14 Who knows? He may turn and sigh
and after it have a residue of a blessing, a gift and libation of Yahweh your God.
9
21
תִּקְע֥וּ שׁוֹפָ֖ר בְּצִיּ֑וֹן
קַדְּשׁוּ־צ֖וֹם קִרְא֥וּ עֲצָרָֽה
15 Sound a shophar in Zion.
Sanctify a fast. Call a conclave.
7
8
אִסְפוּ־עָ֞ם קַדְּשׁ֤וּ קָהָל֙ קִבְצ֣וּ זְקֵנִ֔ים אִסְפוּ֙ עֽוֹלָלִ֔ים וְיֹנְקֵ֖י שָׁדָ֑יִם
יֵצֵ֤א חָתָן֙ מֵֽחֶדְר֔וֹ וְכַלָּ֖ה מֵחֻפָּתָֽהּ
16 Gather the people. Sanctify the congregation. Collect the elders. Gather babies and those who suckle at the breasts.
Let bridegroom emerge from his room and daughter-in-law from her canopy.
23
14
בֵּ֤ין הָאוּלָם֙ וְלַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ יִבְכּוּ֙ הַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים מְשָׁרְתֵ֖י יְהוָ֑ה
וְֽיֹאמְר֞וּ ח֧וּסָה יְהוָ֣ה עַל־עַמֶּ֗ךָ וְאַל־תִּתֵּ֨ן נַחֲלָתְךָ֤ לְחֶרְפָּה֙ לִמְשָׁל־בָּ֣ם גּוֹיִ֔ם לָ֚מָּה יֹאמְר֣וּ בָֽעַמִּ֔ים אַיֵּ֖ה אֱלֹהֵיהֶֽם
17 Between the porch and the altar, let the priests weep, the ministers of Yahweh,
and let them say, Spare your people, Yahweh and do not give your legacy to reproach, that nations should govern in them. They will say among the peoples, Where is their God?
20
40
וַיְקַנֵּ֥א יְהוָ֖ה לְאַרְצ֑וֹ
וַיַּחְמֹ֖ל עַל־עַמּֽוֹ
18 And Yahweh will be jealous for his land
and he will have pity on his people.
8
6
וַיַּ֨עַן יְהוָ֜ה וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לְעַמּ֗וֹ הִנְנִ֨י שֹׁלֵ֤חַ לָכֶם֙ אֶת־הַדָּגָן֙ וְהַתִּיר֣וֹשׁ וְהַיִּצְהָ֔ר וּשְׂבַעְתֶּ֖ם אֹת֑וֹ
וְלֹא־אֶתֵּ֨ן אֶתְכֶ֥ם ע֛וֹד חֶרְפָּ֖ה בַּגּוֹיִֽם
19 And Yahweh answered and he said, Behold me, I will send for you the grain, and new wine and clarified oil and you will be satisfied with it.
And I will not give you a reproach among the nations.
35
11
וְֽאֶת־הַצְּפוֹנִ֞י אַרְחִ֣יק מֵעֲלֵיכֶ֗ם וְהִדַּחְתִּיו֮ אֶל־אֶ֣רֶץ צִיָּ֣ה וּשְׁמָמָה֒ אֶת־פָּנָ֗יו אֶל־הַיָּם֙ הַקַּדְמֹנִ֔י וְסֹפ֖וֹ אֶל־הַיָּ֣ם הָאַֽחֲר֑וֹן
וְעָלָ֣ה בָאְשׁ֗וֹ וְתַ֙עַל֙ צַחֲנָת֔וֹ כִּ֥י הִגְדִּ֖יל לַעֲשֽׂוֹת
20 And I will make the northerners far off from you and I will push them to an arid land, and a desolation, its face to the eastern sea and its buttocks to the other sea
and its stink will go up and its stench will go up for its exaggerated deeds.
43
18
אַל־תִּֽירְאִ֖י אֲדָמָ֑ה
גִּ֣ילִי וּשְׂמָ֔חִי כִּֽי־הִגְדִּ֥יל יְהוָ֖ה לַעֲשֽׂוֹת
21 Do not fear, O humus.
Rejoice and be glad, for exaggerated are the deeds of Yahweh.
6
13
אַל־תִּֽירְאוּ֙ בַּהֲמ֣וֹת שָׂדַ֔י כִּ֥י דָשְׁא֖וּ נְא֣וֹת מִדְבָּ֑ר
כִּֽי־עֵץ֙ נָשָׂ֣א פִרְי֔וֹ תְּאֵנָ֥ה וָגֶ֖פֶן נָתְנ֥וּ חֵילָֽם
22 Do not fear, O beasts of the field, for verdant are the haunts of the wilderness
for a tree bears its fruit. Fig tree and vine give their wealth.
15
16
וּבְנֵ֣י צִיּ֗וֹן גִּ֤ילוּ וְשִׂמְחוּ֙ בַּיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם כִּֽי־נָתַ֥ן לָכֶ֛ם אֶת־הַמּוֹרֶ֖ה לִצְדָקָ֑ה
וַיּ֣וֹרֶד לָכֶ֗ם גֶּ֛שֶׁם מוֹרֶ֥ה וּמַלְק֖וֹשׁ בָּרִאשֽׁוֹן
23 And the children of Zion rejoice and are glad in Yahweh your God for he gives for you the instructor for righteousness
and he makes showers descend for you, instructor and ultimate maturity from the beginning.
26
15
וּמָלְא֥וּ הַגֳּרָנ֖וֹת בָּ֑ר
וְהֵשִׁ֥יקוּ הַיְקָבִ֖ים תִּיר֥וֹשׁ וְיִצְהָֽר
24 And the threshing-floors will be full of corn,
and the casks will be bountiful with new wine and clarified oil.
8
12
וְשִׁלַּמְתִּ֤י לָכֶם֙ אֶת־הַשָּׁנִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר֙ אָכַ֣ל הָֽאַרְבֶּ֔ה הַיֶּ֖לֶק וְהֶחָסִ֣יל וְהַגָּזָ֑ם
חֵילִי֙ הַגָּד֔וֹל אֲשֶׁ֥ר שִׁלַּ֖חְתִּי בָּכֶֽם
25 And I will repay you the years that the locust ate, the pygmy, and the caterpillar and the nymph,
my great force which I sent among you.
28
12
וַאֲכַלְתֶּ֤ם אָכוֹל֙ וְשָׂב֔וֹעַ וְהִלַּלְתֶּ֗ם אֶת־שֵׁ֤ם יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹ֣הֵיכֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֥ה עִמָּכֶ֖ם לְהַפְלִ֑יא
וְלֹא־יֵבֹ֥שׁוּ עַמִּ֖י לְעוֹלָֽם
26 And you will eat your fill and be sated and you will praise the name of Yahweh your God
who has dealt wonderfully with you and my people will never be ashamed.
32
9
וִידַעְתֶּ֗ם כִּ֣י בְקֶ֤רֶב יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אָ֔נִי וַאֲנִ֛י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֖ם וְאֵ֣ין ע֑וֹד
וְלֹא־יֵבֹ֥שׁוּ עַמִּ֖י לְעוֹלָֽם ס
27 And you will know for I, myself, Yahweh, your God, am in close combat with Israel and there is no one else,
and my people will never be ashamed. S
24
10


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