Saturday, April 7, 2018

Ezekiel 45

This remains perplexing. Verse 7 is a real mouthful. It doesn't matter what translation you read it in! The preposition לעמות contains the common preposition עם, but has a plural or construct ending and a prefix. BDB has its sense under the stem עמה. Perhaps it is related to עמם in the sense of being dimmed by juxtaposition. It is used mostly in Ezekiel and Exodus perhaps as a technical term related to the design of the temple and its surroundings.

Two other phrases we have seen that appear to contain little but perhaps represent a descriptive gesture, מזה ומזה, where most translations interpolate the word side, and אל פני, which I have rendered below as facing.

Verse 8 probably has the sense that the principal will hold land in Israel. No absentee landlord. The verse seems to imply a redistribution of land. This is confirmed by the verses following but the use of רום, normally a positive word, in a negative fashion is unique (so far - but we have come quite far now).

Verse 12 - When is מנה used as a technical unit of measurement and when is it just a portion?  NIV seems to imply that these three numbers are added to make 1 portion. Why would anyone do this? Why not just say three-score or 60? Or is the prophet assuming that the portion was not well defined.

Verse 14 - no way! JB has one bath out of every ten baths or out of every cor (which is equal to ten baths or one homer, since ten baths equal one homer.)  I am mystified. OUP has a useful table.

Who are the principals נשא? The ones who lift up נשא? About (על) them are the offerings, and who also do the offerings... Note the rationale for the offerings is to make a cover price for the material reality symbolized by the altar and the house.

The final verse is a summary of the same rules for the feast of the seventh month, as if one had no need of a second list of instructions. With respect to dates, (verses 18 and 25) the word for month is assumed.

Ezekiel 45 Fn Min Max Syll
וּבְהַפִּֽילְכֶ֨ם אֶת־הָאָ֜רֶץ בְּנַחֲלָ֗ה תָּרִימוּ֩ תְרוּמָ֨ה לַיהוָ֥ה ׀ קֹדֶשׁ֮ מִן־הָאָרֶץ֒ אֹ֗רֶךְ חֲמִשָּׁ֨ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים אֶ֙לֶף֙ אֹ֔רֶךְ וְרֹ֖חַב עֲשָׂ֣רָה אָ֑לֶף
קֹדֶשׁ־ה֥וּא בְכָל־גְּבוּלָ֖הּ סָבִֽיב
1 And when you make the lot fall with the land to be an inheritance, you will contribute the contribution for Yahweh, a sacred portion from the land, length, twenty five thousand, length, and breadth, ten thousand.
Holy it is in all its border round about.
3e 4B 46
10
יִהְיֶ֤ה מִזֶּה֙ אֶל־הַקֹּ֔דֶשׁ חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֛וֹת בַּחֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת מְרֻבָּ֣ע סָבִ֑יב
וַחֲמִשִּׁ֣ים אַמָּ֔ה מִגְרָ֥שׁ ל֖וֹ סָבִֽיב
2 There will be from this, for the sanctuary, five hundred by five hundred square round about,
and fifty cubit, its outlands, round about.
3d 4C 22
11
וּמִן־הַמִּדָּ֤ה הַזֹּאת֙ תָּמ֔וֹד אֹ֗רֶךְ חֲמִשָּׁ֤ה וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ אֶ֔לֶף וְרֹ֖חַב עֲשֶׂ֣רֶת אֲלָפִ֑ים
וּבֽוֹ־יִהְיֶ֥ה הַמִּקְדָּ֖שׁ קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָדָשִֽׁים
3 And from this measure, you will measure in length twenty five thousand, and breadth ten thousand,
and in it will be the sanctuary, the Holy of Holies.
3e 4C 28
12
קֹ֣דֶשׁ מִן־הָאָ֜רֶץ ה֗וּא לַכֹּ֨הֲנִ֜ים מְשָׁרְתֵ֤י הַמִּקְדָּשׁ֙ יִֽהְיֶ֔ה הַקְּרֵבִ֖ים לְשָׁרֵ֣ת אֶת־יְהוָ֑ה
וְהָיָ֨ה לָהֶ֤ם מָקוֹם֙ לְבָ֣תִּ֔ים וּמִקְדָּ֖שׁ לַמִּקְדָּֽשׁ
4 B The holy from the land, this is for the priests, the ministers of the sanctuary. They will draw near to minister to Yahweh,
and it will be for them a place for houses, and a sanctuary for the sanctuary.
3e 4C 28
16
וַחֲמִשָּׁ֨ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים אֶ֙לֶף֙ אֹ֔רֶךְ וַעֲשֶׂ֥רֶת אֲלָפִ֖ים רֹ֑חַב
וְֽהָיָ֡ה לַלְוִיִּם֩ מְשָׁרְתֵ֨י הַבַּ֧יִת לָהֶ֛ם לַאֲחֻזָּ֖ה עֶשְׂרִ֥ים לְשָׁכֹֽת
5 And twenty five thousand in length, ten thousand in breadth,
will be for the Levites, the ministers of the house, for them to hold fast, twenty chambers.
3c 4A 20
23
וַאֲחֻזַּ֨ת הָעִ֜יר תִּתְּנ֗וּ חֲמֵ֤שֶׁת אֲלָפִים֙ רֹ֔חַב וְאֹ֗רֶךְ חֲמִשָּׁ֤ה וְעֶשְׂרִים֙ אֶ֔לֶף לְעֻמַּ֖ת תְּרוּמַ֣ת הַקֹּ֑דֶשׁ
לְכָל־בֵּ֥ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל יִהְיֶֽה
6 And the holdings of the city you will assign, five thousand in breadth and in length twenty five thousand, set against the contribution of the holy.
For all the house of Israel it will be.
3e 4C 36
8
וְלַנָּשִׂ֡יא מִזֶּ֣ה וּמִזֶּה֩ לִתְרוּמַ֨ת הַקֹּ֜דֶשׁ וְלַאֲחֻזַּ֣ת הָעִ֗יר אֶל־פְּנֵ֤י תְרֽוּמַת־הַקֹּ֙דֶשׁ֙ וְאֶל־פְּנֵי֙ אֲחֻזַּ֣ת הָעִ֔יר מִפְּאַת־יָ֣ם יָ֔מָּה וּמִפְּאַת־קֵ֖דְמָה קָדִ֑ימָה
וְאֹ֗רֶךְ לְעֻמּוֹת֙ אַחַ֣ד הַחֲלָקִ֔ים מִגְּב֥וּל יָ֖ם אֶל־גְּב֥וּל קָדִֽימָה
7 And for the principal, from this and from that, of the contribution of the holy, and the holdings of the city facing the contribution of the holy, and facing the holding of the city from the western quarter seaward, and from the eastern quarter eastward,
and in length set against one of the divisions, from the western border to the border eastward.
3e 4C 53
21
לָאָ֛רֶץ יִֽהְיֶה־לּ֥וֹ לַֽאֲחֻזָּ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְלֹא־יוֹנ֨וּ ע֤וֹד נְשִׂיאַי֙ אֶת־עַמִּ֔י וְהָאָ֛רֶץ יִתְּנ֥וּ לְבֵֽית־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לְשִׁבְטֵיהֶֽם
8 Of the land, it will be his for a holding in Israel.
And my principals will not suppress any more my people, and the land they will give to the house of Israel for their bands.
3d 4C 14
25
כֹּֽה־אָמַ֞ר אֲדֹנָ֣י יְהוִ֗ה רַב־לָכֶם֙ נְשִׂיאֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל חָמָ֤ס וָשֹׁד֙ הָסִ֔ירוּ וּמִשְׁפָּ֥ט וּצְדָקָ֖ה עֲשׂ֑וּ
הָרִ֤ימוּ גְרֻשֹֽׁתֵיכֶם֙ מֵעַ֣ל עַמִּ֔י נְאֻ֖ם אֲדֹנָ֥י יְהוִֽה
9 Thus says my Lord Yahweh, Much is for yourselves, O principals of Israel. Violence and devastation, put aside, and judgment and righteousness, do.
Lift high your expulsion from over my people, an oracle of my Lord Yahweh.
3e 4C 32
19
מֹֽאזְנֵי־צֶ֧דֶק וְאֵֽיפַת־צֶ֛דֶק וּבַת־צֶ֖דֶק יְהִ֥י לָכֶֽם 10 A righteous balance and a righteous ephah and a righteous bath will be for you. 3c 3g 16
הָאֵיפָ֣ה וְהַבַּ֗ת תֹּ֤כֶן אֶחָד֙ יִֽהְיֶ֔ה לָשֵׂ֕את מַעְשַׂ֥ר הַחֹ֖מֶר הַבָּ֑ת
וַעֲשִׂירִ֤ת הַחֹ֙מֶר֙ הָֽאֵיפָ֔ה אֶל־הַחֹ֖מֶר יִהְיֶ֥ה מַתְכֻּנְתּֽוֹ
11 The ephah and the bath will be one quantity. The bath will bear a tenth of the homer,
and a tenth of the homer, the ephah. By the homer will be its quantity.
3e 4C 21
19
וְהַשֶּׁ֖קֶל עֶשְׂרִ֣ים גֵּרָ֑ה
עֶשְׂרִ֨ים שְׁקָלִ֜ים חֲמִשָּׁ֧ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֣ים שְׁקָלִ֗ים עֲשָׂרָ֤ה וַחֲמִשָּׁה֙ שֶׁ֔קֶל הַמָּנֶ֖ה יִֽהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶֽם
12 And the shekel, twenty grams.
Twenty shekels, twenty five shekels, and fifteen shekels, the portion it will be for you.
3c 4C 8
30
זֹ֥את הַתְּרוּמָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר תָּרִ֑ימוּ
שִׁשִּׁ֤ית הָֽאֵיפָה֙ מֵחֹ֣מֶר הַֽחִטִּ֔ים וְשִׁשִּׁיתֶם֙ הָֽאֵיפָ֔ה מֵחֹ֖מֶר הַשְּׂעֹרִֽים
13 f This is the contribution that you will contribute,
a sixth of the ephah from the homer of wheat, and your sixth of the ephah from the homer of barley.
3e 4C 9
24
וְחֹ֨ק הַשֶּׁ֜מֶן הַבַּ֣ת הַשֶּׁ֗מֶן מַעְשַׂ֤ר הַבַּת֙ מִן־הַכֹּ֔ר עֲשֶׂ֥רֶת הַבַּתִּ֖ים חֹ֑מֶר
כִּֽי־עֲשֶׂ֥רֶת הַבַּתִּ֖ים חֹֽמֶר
14 And the statute of oil, the bath of oil, a tenth of the bath from the cor, ten of the baths of a homer,
for ten baths is a homer.
3e 4C 25
8
וְשֶׂה־אַחַ֨ת מִן־הַצֹּ֤אן מִן־הַמָּאתַ֙יִם֙ מִמַּשְׁקֵ֣ה יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לְמִנְחָ֖ה וּלְעוֹלָ֣ה וְלִשְׁלָמִ֑ים
לְכַפֵּ֣ר עֲלֵיהֶ֔ם נְאֻ֖ם אֲדֹנָ֥י יְהוִֽה
15 And one lamb from the flock from two hundred from the irrigation of Israel for a gift, and for burnt offerings, and for peace offerings,
to make a cover-price over them, an oracle of my Lord Yahweh.
3e 4C 27
13
כֹּ֚ל הָעָ֣ם הָאָ֔רֶץ יִהְי֖וּ אֶל־הַתְּרוּמָ֣ה הַזֹּ֑את
לַנָּשִׂ֖יא בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
16 C All the people of the land will be to this contribution,
for the principal in Israel.
3e 4C 14
7
וְעַֽל־הַנָּשִׂ֣יא יִהְיֶ֗ה הָעוֹל֣וֹת וְהַמִּנְחָה֮ וְהַנֵּסֶךְ֒ בַּחַגִּ֤ים וּבֶחֳדָשִׁים֙ וּבַשַּׁבָּת֔וֹת בְּכָֽל־מוֹעֲדֵ֖י בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
הֽוּא־יַעֲשֶׂ֞ה אֶת־הַחַטָּ֣את וְאֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֗ה וְאֶת־הָֽעוֹלָה֙ וְאֶת־הַשְּׁלָמִ֔ים לְכַפֵּ֖ר בְּעַ֥ד בֵּֽית־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And concerning the principal will be the burnt offering, and the gift, and the libation, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the Sabbaths, in all the appointed times of the house of Israel.
He will do the sin offering, and the gift, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make the cover-price for the house of Israel.
3e 4C 40
32
כֹּה־אָמַר֮ אֲדֹנָ֣י יְהוִה֒ בָּֽרִאשׁוֹן֙ בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ תִּקַּ֥ח פַּר־בֶּן־בָּקָ֖ר תָּמִ֑ים
וְחִטֵּאתָ֖ אֶת־הַמִּקְדָּֽשׁ
18 Thus says my Lord Yahweh, In the first, on the first of the month, take a young bull of the herd complete,
and make a sin offering for the sanctuary.
3e 4B 25
8
וְלָקַ֨ח הַכֹּהֵ֜ן מִדַּ֣ם הַחַטָּ֗את וְנָתַן֙ אֶל־מְזוּזַ֣ת הַבַּ֔יִת וְאֶל־אַרְבַּ֛ע פִּנּ֥וֹת הָעֲזָרָ֖ה לַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ
וְעַ֨ל־מְזוּזַ֔ת שַׁ֖עַר הֶחָצֵ֥ר הַפְּנִימִֽית
19 And the priest will take from the blood of the sin offering to daub on the posts of the house and on the four corners of the ledge of the altar,
and over the posts of the gate of the court the presence.
3d 4B 35
13
וְכֵ֤ן תַּֽעֲשֶׂה֙ בְּשִׁבְעָ֣ה בַחֹ֔דֶשׁ מֵאִ֥ישׁ שֹׁגֶ֖ה וּמִפֶּ֑תִי
וְכִפַּרְתֶּ֖ם אֶת־הַבָּֽיִת
20 And so you will do the seventh of the new moon, from each who strays, and from the simple,
and you will make a cover-price for the house.
3e 4C 19
8
בָּ֠רִאשׁוֹן בְּאַרְבָּעָ֨ה עָשָׂ֥ר יוֹם֙ לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ יִהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם הַפָּ֑סַח
חָ֕ג שְׁבֻע֣וֹת יָמִ֔ים מַצּ֖וֹת יֵאָכֵֽל
21 ~ From the beginning, on the fourteenth day of the month, it will be for you the Passover,
the feast of seven days. Unleavened bread will be eaten.
3e 4B 20
11
וְעָשָׂ֤ה הַנָּשִׂיא֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא בַּעֲד֕וֹ וּבְעַ֖ד כָּל־עַ֣ם הָאָ֑רֶץ
פַּ֖ר חַטָּֽאת
22 And the principal will do on that day, about himself, and about all the people of the land,
a young bull, a sin offering.
3e 4C 20
3
וְשִׁבְעַ֨ת יְמֵֽי־הֶחָ֜ג יַעֲשֶׂ֧ה עוֹלָ֣ה לַֽיהוָ֗ה שִׁבְעַ֣ת פָּ֠רִים וְשִׁבְעַ֨ת אֵילִ֤ים תְּמִימִם֙ לַיּ֔וֹם שִׁבְעַ֖ת הַיָּמִ֑ים
וְחַטָּ֕את שְׂעִ֥יר עִזִּ֖ים לַיּֽוֹם
23 And seven days of the feast he will do a burnt offering to Yahweh, seven young bulls, and seven rams, complete, per day of the seven days,
and a sin offering, a kid of the she-goats per day.
3c 4C 32
9
וּמִנְחָ֗ה אֵיפָ֥ה לַפָּ֛ר וְאֵיפָ֥ה לָאַ֖יִל יַֽעֲשֶׂ֑ה
וְשֶׁ֖מֶן הִ֥ין לָאֵיפָֽה
24 And a gift of an ephah for a young bull, and an ephah for a ram he will do,
and oil, a hin for an ephah.
3d 4A 16
7
בַּשְּׁבִיעִ֡י בַּחֲמִשָּׁה֩ עָשָׂ֨ר י֤וֹם לַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ בֶּחָ֔ג יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה כָאֵ֖לֶּה שִׁבְעַ֣ת הַיָּמִ֑ים
כַּֽחַטָּאת֙ כָּעֹלָ֔ה וְכַמִּנְחָ֖ה וְכַשָּֽׁמֶן
25 In the seventh, on the fifteenth day of the month in the feast, he will do such seven days,
as the sin offering, as the burnt offering, and as the gift, and as the oil.
3e 4C 26
14