Friday, April 20, 2018

Judges 21

I seem to be backing in to so many stories, reading the last chapter first, then filling in the background.

This is the end of a somewhat unpleasant sounding story. I would not want to make this any smoother. It must not be interpreted as prescriptive for good behaviour.
Judges 21 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל נִשְׁבַּ֥ע בַּמִּצְפָּ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר
אִ֣ישׁ מִמֶּ֔נּוּ לֹא־יִתֵּ֥ן בִּתּ֛וֹ לְבִנְיָמִ֖ן לְאִשָּֽׁה
1 And the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpah, saying,
Not one of us will give his daughter to Benjamin as wife.
3d 4B 12
15
וַיָּבֹ֤א הָעָם֙ בֵּֽית־אֵ֔ל וַיֵּ֤שְׁבוּ שָׁם֙ עַד־הָעֶ֔רֶב לִפְנֵ֖י הָאֱלֹהִ֑ים
וַיִּשְׂא֣וּ קוֹלָ֔ם וַיִּבְכּ֖וּ בְּכִ֥י גָדֽוֹל
2 And the people came to the house of God, and they sat there until evening before God.
And they lifted up their voice and wept, a great weeping.
3e 4C 21
12
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ לָמָ֗ה יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הָ֥יְתָה זֹּ֖את בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
לְהִפָּקֵ֥ד הַיּ֛וֹם מִיִּשְׂרָאֵ֖ל שֵׁ֥בֶט אֶחָֽד
3 And they said, Why, Yahweh, O God of Israel, has this happened in Israel,
that one sceptre is visited today from Israel?
3d 4B 20
14
וַֽיְהִי֙ מִֽמָּחֳרָ֔ת וַיַּשְׁכִּ֣ימוּ הָעָ֔ם וַיִּבְנוּ־שָׁ֖ם מִזְבֵּ֑חַ
וַיַּעֲל֥וּ עֹל֖וֹת וּשְׁלָמִֽים
4 And it happened afterwards that the people rose early, and they built there an altar,
and offered up burnt offerings and peace offerings.
3e 4B 19
9
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִ֠י אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹא־עָלָ֧ה בַקָּהָ֛ל מִכָּל־שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶל־יְהוָ֑ה
כִּי֩ הַשְּׁבוּעָ֨ה הַגְּדוֹלָ֜ה הָיְתָ֗ה לַ֠אֲשֶׁר לֹא־עָלָ֨ה אֶל־יְהוָ֧ה הַמִּצְפָּ֛ה לֵאמֹ֖ר מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת
5 And the children of Israel said, Who did not come up with the congregation from all the sceptres of Israel to Yahweh?
For the great oath was for one who had not come up to Yahweh to Mizpah, saying, He will be put to death.
3c 4B 26
25
וַיִּנָּֽחֲמוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶל־בִּנְיָמִ֖ן אָחִ֑יו
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ נִגְדַּ֥ע הַיּ֛וֹם שֵׁ֥בֶט אֶחָ֖ד מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל
6 And the children of Israel sighed concerning Benjamin their kin,
and said, Truncated today is one sceptre from Israel.
3d 4B 16
15
מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה לָהֶ֛ם לַנּוֹתָרִ֖ים לְנָשִׁ֑ים
וַאֲנַ֙חְנוּ֙ נִשְׁבַּ֣עְנוּ בַֽיהוָ֔ה לְבִלְתִּ֛י תֵּת־לָהֶ֥ם מִבְּנוֹתֵ֖ינוּ לְנָשִֽׁים
7 What will we do for them for the remaining of them for wives,
when we swore in Yahweh that we will not give them our daughters as wives?
3d 4B 13
22
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ מִ֗י אֶחָד֙ מִשִּׁבְטֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹֽא־עָלָ֥ה אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה הַמִּצְפָּ֑ה
וְ֠הִנֵּה לֹ֣א בָא־אִ֧ישׁ אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֛ה מִיָּבֵ֥ישׁ גִּלְעָ֖ד אֶל־הַקָּהָֽל
8 And they said, which is the one from the bands of Israel that did not come up to Yahweh, to Mizpah?
And behold, not one had come to the camp from Jabesh Gilead to the congregation.
3c 4B 22
20
וַיִּתְפָּקֵ֖ד הָעָ֑ם
וְהִנֵּ֤ה אֵֽין־שָׁם֙ אִ֔ישׁ מִיּוֹשְׁבֵ֖י יָבֵ֥שׁ גִּלְעָֽד
9 And they took a census of the people,
and behold there was no one there from the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead.
3e 4C 6
13
וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ־שָׁ֣ם הָעֵדָ֗ה שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֥ר אֶ֛לֶף אִ֖ישׁ מִבְּנֵ֣י הֶחָ֑יִל
וַיְצַוּ֨וּ אוֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר לְ֠כוּ וְהִכִּיתֶ֞ם אֶת־יוֹשְׁבֵ֨י יָבֵ֤שׁ גִּלְעָד֙ לְפִי־חֶ֔רֶב וְהַנָּשִׁ֖ים וְהַטָּֽף
10 And the assembly sent there twelve thousand men from the children of ability,
and commanded them, saying, Go and strike those inhabiting Jabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, and the women and the little ones.
3d 4C 20
30
וְזֶ֥ה הַדָּבָ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר תַּעֲשׂ֑וּ
כָּל־זָכָ֗ר וְכָל־אִשָּׁ֛ה יֹדַ֥עַת מִשְׁכַּב־זָכָ֖ר תַּחֲרִֽימוּ
11 And this is is the thing that you will do,
every male and every woman known to have lain with a male, you will utterly destroy.
3d 4B 10
18
וַֽיִּמְצְא֞וּ מִיּוֹשְׁבֵ֣י ׀ יָבֵ֣ישׁ גִּלְעָ֗ד אַרְבַּ֤ע מֵאוֹת֙ נַעֲרָ֣ה בְתוּלָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֧ר לֹֽא־יָדְעָ֛ה אִ֖ישׁ לְמִשְׁכַּ֣ב זָכָ֑ר
וַיָּבִ֨יאוּ אוֹתָ֤ם אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶה֙ שִׁלֹ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּאֶ֥רֶץ כְּנָֽעַן
12 And they found among the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead four hundred virgin lasses who had not known a man by lying with a male,
and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh that is in the land of Canaan.
3c 4C 32
21
וַֽיִּשְׁלְחוּ֙ כָּל־הָ֣עֵדָ֔ה וַֽיְדַבְּרוּ֙ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּסֶ֣לַע רִמּ֑וֹן
וַיִּקְרְא֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם שָׁלֽוֹם
13 And all the assembly sent and they spoke to the children of Benjamin who were at the cliff of Rimmon,
and they called to them in peace.
3e 4B 24
8
וַיָּ֤שָׁב בִּנְיָמִן֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ לָהֶם֙ הַנָּשִׁ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר חִיּ֔וּ מִנְּשֵׁ֖י יָבֵ֣שׁ גִּלְעָ֑ד
וְלֹֽא־מָצְא֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם כֵּֽן
14 And Benjamin returned at that time, and they gave them the women that they allowed to live from the women of Jabesh Gilead,
but they had not found for them rightly.
3e 4C 28
7
וְהָעָ֥ם נִחָ֖ם לְבִנְיָמִ֑ן
כִּֽי־עָשָׂ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה פֶּ֖רֶץ בְּשִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
15 And the people sighed for Benjamin,
for Yahweh had made a breach among the sceptres of Israel.
3c 4A 9
12
וַיֹּֽאמְר֨וּ זִקְנֵ֣י הָעֵדָ֔ה מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂ֥ה לַנּוֹתָרִ֖ים לְנָשִׁ֑ים
כִּֽי־נִשְׁמְדָ֥ה מִבִּנְיָמִ֖ן אִשָּֽׁה
16 And the elders of the assembly said, What will we do for the remaining of them for wives,
for woman is exterminated from Benjamin?
3e 4B 19
10
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ יְרֻשַּׁ֥ת פְּלֵיטָ֖ה לְבִנְיָמִ֑ן
וְלֹֽא־יִמָּחֶ֥ה שֵׁ֖בֶט מִיִּשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And they said, The possession of security for Benjamin,
that a sceptre from Israel is not wiped out.
3e 4B 13
10
וַאֲנַ֗חְנוּ לֹ֥א נוּכַ֛ל לָתֵת־לָהֶ֥ם נָשִׁ֖ים מִבְּנוֹתֵ֑ינוּ
כִּֽי־נִשְׁבְּע֤וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר אָר֕וּר נֹתֵ֥ן אִשָּׁ֖ה לְבִנְיָמִֽן
18 But we ourselves are not able to give them wives from our daughters,
for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed who gives a woman to Benjamin.
3d 4C 17
21
וַיֹּאמְר֡וּ הִנֵּה֩ חַג־יְהוָ֨ה בְּשִׁל֜וֹ מִיָּמִ֣ים ׀ יָמִ֗ימָה אֲשֶׁ֞ר מִצְּפ֤וֹנָה לְבֵֽית־אֵל֙ מִזְרְחָ֣ה הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ לִמְסִלָּ֔ה הָעֹלָ֥ה מִבֵּֽית־אֵ֖ל שְׁכֶ֑מָה
וּמִנֶּ֖גֶב לִלְבוֹנָֽה
19 And they said, Behold the feast of Yahweh in Shiloh regularly, that is the north of Bethel, east toward the sun on the highway ascending from Bethel towards Shechem,
and south of Lebonah.
3e 4C 43
7
וַיְצַוּ֕וּ אֶת־בְּנֵ֥י בִנְיָמִ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר
לְכ֖וּ וַאֲרַבְתֶּ֥ם בַּכְּרָמִֽים
20 And they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying,
Go and lie in wait in the vineyards.
3e 4A 11
9
וּרְאִיתֶ֗ם וְ֠הִנֵּה אִם־יֵ֨צְא֥וּ בְנוֹת־שִׁילוֹ֮ לָח֣וּל בַּמְּחֹלוֹת֒ וִֽיצָאתֶם֙ מִן־הַכְּרָמִ֔ים וַחֲטַפְתֶּ֥ם לָכֶ֛ם אִ֥ישׁ אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ מִבְּנ֣וֹת שִׁיל֑וֹ
וַהֲלַכְתֶּ֖ם אֶ֥רֶץ בִּנְיָמִֽן
21 And see, and behold, if the daughters of Shiloh emerge to dance in the dance, then you will come forth from the vineyards and seize for you each his wife from the daughters of Shiloh,
and go to the land of Benjamin.
3d 4B 38
9
וְהָיָ֡ה כִּֽי־יָבֹ֣אוּ אֲבוֹתָם֩ א֨וֹ אֲחֵיהֶ֜ם לָרִ֣יב ׀ אֵלֵ֗ינוּ וְאָמַ֤רְנוּ אֲלֵיהֶם֙ חָנּ֣וּנוּ אוֹתָ֔ם כִּ֣י לֹ֥א לָקַ֛חְנוּ אִ֥ישׁ אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ בַּמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
כִּ֣י לֹ֥א אַתֶּ֛ם נְתַתֶּ֥ם לָהֶ֖ם כָּעֵ֥ת תֶּאְשָֽׁמוּ
22 And it will be that when their fathers or their brothers come to contend against us, that we will say to them, Be gracious with them, for we did not take each his wife in the battle.
But you yourselves did not give them at this time. You would have borne guilt.
3d 4C 41
14
וַיַּֽעֲשׂוּ־כֵן֙ בְּנֵ֣י בִנְיָמִ֔ן וַיִּשְׂא֤וּ נָשִׁים֙ לְמִסְפָּרָ֔ם מִן־הַמְּחֹלְל֖וֹת אֲשֶׁ֣ר גָּזָ֑לוּ
וַיֵּלְכ֗וּ וַיָּשׁ֙וּבוּ֙ אֶל־נַ֣חֲלָתָ֔ם וַיִּבְנוּ֙ אֶת־הֶ֣עָרִ֔ים וַיֵּשְׁב֖וּ בָּהֶֽם
23 And the children of Benjamin did so, and they took wives for their count from from the dancers that they had robbed,
and they went and returned to their inheritance, and they rebuilt the cities and they settled in them.
3e 4C 28
24
וַיִּתְהַלְּכ֨וּ מִשָּׁ֤ם בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא אִ֥ישׁ לְשִׁבְט֖וֹ וּלְמִשְׁפַּחְתּ֑וֹ
וַיֵּצְא֣וּ מִשָּׁ֔ם אִ֖ישׁ לְנַחֲלָתֽוֹ
24 And the children of Israel went from there at that time, each to its own band and its own family,
and they went forth from there, each to its inheritance.
3e 4C 23
11
בַּיָּמִ֣ים הָהֵ֔ם אֵ֥ין מֶ֖לֶךְ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אִ֛ישׁ הַיָּשָׁ֥ר בְּעֵינָ֖יו יַעֲשֶֽׂה
25 In those days there was no king in Israel.
Everyone did what was upright in its own eyes.
3d 4B 12
10