Monday, 23 April 2018

2 Samuel 14

We come again to the end of a story first. But these are all unfamiliar to me. I have not read Samuel for ages. I have a vague memory of being told the manuscripts were a complex of sources and discontinuities. I probably would not have noticed on a first few readings in translation anyway, especially in the ignorance of new faith.

Verse 4 - an extra phrase at the beginning. The sense is initial approach but the word is אמר.

Verse 11. How confidently the king is portrayed, that he can promise protection to a child from death in this fierce world. How brave the woman in verse 13. And where Joab got the words of verse 14 deserves some slow thought. Here is a minor character, teaching the king. David's extremes of emotion over Absalom - are they an insight into the extremes of emotion of God? Of course you will tell me that God has no emotions.

Absalom is the ultimate dandy. Weighing one's own hair! Not cutting it for days and days - a year I suppose but it is an idiom I have no knowledge of. A new gloss for אבן stone is needed to indicate the standard stone used in a balance. I can't help thinking there must be a technical term for such a weight, but I haven't found one so I extended the preposition (in ב rendered as using) instead. I could use weight. But it would need a modifier to bring up the balance concept and avoid measuring the hair against the weight of the king. And I would lose the relationship to stone. (JB "two-hundred shekels, king's weight can be read as if the king weighed 200 shekels.)

Yes it's a bit odd to have people falling on their noses earthward. The whole story seems to contain doubles of itself and is awkward to read in any translation. If you, like me, are trying to learn to read Hebrew, read it out loud and connect the sounds to the English as an exercise. I admit I do this too little since the computer helps me skim along quickly. This has the potential disadvantage of propagating my errors and inconsistencies. (I fixed a few dozen that were tangentially exposed when I did this chapter.)

2 Samuel 14 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֵּ֖דַע יוֹאָ֣ב בֶּן־צְרֻיָ֑ה
כִּֽי־לֵ֥ב הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ עַל־אַבְשָׁלֽוֹם
1 And Joab child of Tseruyah, knew,
that the heart of the king was on Absalom.
3e 4B 9
וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יוֹאָב֙ תְּק֔וֹעָה וַיִּקַּ֥ח מִשָּׁ֖ם אִשָּׁ֣ה חֲכָמָ֑ה
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵ֠לֶיהָ הִֽתְאַבְּלִי־נָ֞א וְלִבְשִׁי־נָ֣א בִגְדֵי־אֵ֗בֶל וְאַל־תָּס֙וּכִי֙ שֶׁ֔מֶן וְהָיִ֕ית כְּאִשָּׁ֗ה זֶ֚ה יָמִ֣ים רַבִּ֔ים מִתְאַבֶּ֖לֶת עַל־מֵֽת
2 And Joab sent to Tekoa, and he took from there a shrewd woman.
And he said to her, Lament please, and put on please, garments of lament, and do not make yourself up with oil, and be as a wife of lament, these many days, for what is dead.
3e 4C 18
וּבָאת֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְדִבַּ֥רְתְּ אֵלָ֖יו כַּדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וַיָּ֧שֶׂם יוֹאָ֛ב אֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים בְּפִֽיהָ
3 And you will come to the king and speak to him like this word.
And Joab put the words in her mouth.
3c 4B 17
וַ֠תֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁ֤ה הַתְּקֹעִית֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַתִּפֹּ֧ל עַל־אַפֶּ֛יהָ אַ֖רְצָה וַתִּשְׁתָּ֑חוּ
וַתֹּ֖אמֶר הוֹשִׁ֥עָה הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
4 ~ And the Tekoan woman said to the king, and she fell on her nose earthward, and prostrated herself,
and said, Save, O king.
3c 4C 26
וַיֹּֽאמֶר־לָ֥הּ הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ מַה־לָּ֑ךְ
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר אֲבָ֛ל אִשָּֽׁה־אַלְמָנָ֥ה אָ֖נִי וַיָּ֥מָת אִישִֽׁי
5 And the king said to her, What is it to you?
And she said, Lamentably, a widow woman I am, and dead is my man.
3d 4A 9
וּלְשִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֙ שְׁנֵ֣י בָנִ֔ים וַיִּנָּצ֤וּ שְׁנֵיהֶם֙ בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה וְאֵ֥ין מַצִּ֖יל בֵּֽינֵיהֶ֑ם
וַיַּכּ֧וֹ הָאֶחָ֛ד אֶת־הָאֶחָ֖ד וַיָּ֥מֶת אֹתֽוֹ
6 And your handmaid had two sons, and they struggled, the two of them, in the field, and there was none to deliver between them,
and the one struck the other and put him to death.
3c 4C 25
וְהִנֵּה֩ קָ֨מָה כָֽל־הַמִּשְׁפָּחָ֜ה עַל־שִׁפְחָתֶ֗ךָ וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ תְּנִ֣י ׀ אֶת־מַכֵּ֣ה אָחִ֗יו וּנְמִתֵ֙הוּ֙ בְּנֶ֤פֶשׁ אָחִיו֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָרָ֔ג וְנַשְׁמִ֖ידָה גַּ֣ם אֶת־הַיּוֹרֵ֑שׁ
וְכִבּ֗וּ אֶת־גַּֽחַלְתִּי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִשְׁאָ֔רָה לְבִלְתִּ֧י שִׂים־לְאִישִׁ֛י שֵׁ֥ם וּשְׁאֵרִ֖ית עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הָאֲדָמָֽה
7 And behold all the family arose against your handmaid, and they said, Give the one who struck his kin, that we may put him to death for the integrity of his kin that he has slain, and we will exterminate also the heir.
So they will quench my coal that is still here, so as not to lay up for my man, name or residue, over the face of the ground.
3c 4C 47
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ אֶל־הָאִשָּׁ֖ה לְכִ֣י לְבֵיתֵ֑ךְ
וַאֲנִ֖י אֲצַוֶּ֥ה עָלָֽיִךְ
8 And the king said to the woman, Go to your house,
and I myself will command concerning you.
3c 4B 15
וַתֹּ֜אמֶר הָאִשָּׁ֤ה הַתְּקוֹעִית֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ עָלַ֞י אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ הֶעָוֺ֖ן וְעַל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑י
וְהַמֶּ֥לֶךְ וְכִסְא֖וֹ נָקִֽי
9 And the Tekoan woman said to the king, Concerning me, my lord O king, is the iniquity, and concerning the house of my father.
And the king and his throne be innocent.
3d 4C 29
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
הַֽמְדַבֵּ֤ר אֵלַ֙יִךְ֙ וַֽהֲבֵאת֣וֹ אֵלַ֔י וְלֹֽא־יֹסִ֥יף ע֖וֹד לָגַ֥עַת בָּֽךְ
10 And the king said,
Whoever speaks to you, bring him to me, and he will not again any more touch you.
3e 4C 6
וַתֹּאמֶר֩ יִזְכָּר־נָ֨א הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶת־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ מֵהַרְבַּ֞ת גֹּאֵ֤ל הַדָּם֙ לְשַׁחֵ֔ת וְלֹ֥א יַשְׁמִ֖ידוּ אֶת־בְּנִ֑י
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ חַי־יְהוָ֔ה אִם־יִפֹּ֛ל מִשַּׂעֲרַ֥ת בְּנֵ֖ךְ אָֽרְצָה
11 And she said, Let the king remember please, Yahweh your God, the excess of the redeemer of the blood to destroy, that they do not exterminate my child.
And he said, Yahweh lives. Not a hair of your child will fall earthward.
3d 4C 34
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה תְּדַבֶּר־נָ֧א שִׁפְחָתְךָ֛ אֶל־אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ דָּבָ֑ר
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר דַּבֵּֽרִי
12 And the woman said, Let your handmaid speak please, to my lord the king, a word.
And he said, Speak.
3c 4A 22
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה וְלָ֧מָּה חָשַׁ֛בְתָּה כָּזֹ֖את עַל־עַ֣ם אֱלֹהִ֑ים
וּמִדַּבֵּ֨ר הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ הַדָּבָ֤ר הַזֶּה֙ כְּאָשֵׁ֔ם לְבִלְתִּ֛י הָשִׁ֥יב הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶֽת־נִדְּחֽוֹ
13 And the woman said, So why have you devised such as this against the people of God?
For the king is speaking this word as if guilty, lest the king return his banished.
3c 4C 19
כִּי־מ֣וֹת נָמ֔וּת וְכַמַּ֙יִם֙ הַנִּגָּרִ֣ים אַ֔רְצָה אֲשֶׁ֖ר לֹ֣א יֵאָסֵ֑פוּ
וְלֹֽא־יִשָּׂ֤א אֱלֹהִים֙ נֶ֔פֶשׁ וְחָשַׁב֙ מַֽחֲשָׁב֔וֹת לְבִלְתִּ֛י יִדַּ֥ח מִמֶּ֖נּוּ נִדָּֽח
14 For to die, we will die, and are as water wrung out earthward, that will not be gathered,
and God will not lift up a cadaver, but he devises devices, lest one being banished, be banished from him.
3d 4C 20
וְ֠עַתָּה אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֜אתִי לְדַבֵּ֨ר אֶל־הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ אֲדֹנִי֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה כִּ֥י יֵֽרְאֻ֖נִי הָעָ֑ם
וַתֹּ֤אמֶר שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֙ אֲדַבְּרָה־נָּ֣א אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אוּלַ֛י יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶת־דְּבַ֥ר אֲמָתֽוֹ
15 ~ And now that I come to speak to the king, my lord, this thing, for the people have made me fear,
and your handmaid said, I speak, please, to the king. Maybe the king will do the word of his maidservant.
3d 4C 29
כִּ֚י יִשְׁמַ֣ע הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לְהַצִּ֥יל אֶת־אֲמָת֖וֹ מִכַּ֣ף הָאִ֑ישׁ
לְהַשְׁמִ֨יד אֹתִ֤י וְאֶת־בְּנִי֙ יַ֔חַד מִֽנַּחֲלַ֖ת אֱלֹהִֽים
16 C For the king will hear to deliver his maidservant from the palm of the man,
to exterminate me and my children as one from the inheritance of God.
3e 4C 17
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ שִׁפְחָ֣תְךָ֔ יִֽהְיֶה־נָּ֛א דְּבַר־אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לִמְנוּחָ֑ה
כִּ֣י ׀ כְּמַלְאַ֣ךְ הָאֱלֹהִ֗ים כֵּ֣ן אֲדֹנִ֤י הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לִשְׁמֹ֙עַ֙ הַטּ֣וֹב וְהָרָ֔ע וַֽיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ יְהִ֥י עִמָּֽךְ
17 And your handmaid said, Please, the word of my lord the king will be for rest.
For like the angel of God, so is my lord the king to hear what is good or evil, and Yahweh your God will be with you.
3d 4C 20
וַיַּ֣עַן הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־הָ֣אִשָּׁ֔ה אַל־נָ֨א תְכַחֲדִ֤י מִמֶּ֙נִּי֙ דָּבָ֔ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָנֹכִ֖י שֹׁאֵ֣ל אֹתָ֑ךְ
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה יְדַבֶּר־נָ֖א אֲדֹנִ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
18 And the king answered and he said to the woman, Please do not conceal from me the word that I am asking you.
And the woman said, Let, please, my lord the king speak.
3e 4C 33
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ הֲיַ֥ד יוֹאָ֛ב אִתָּ֖ךְ בְּכָל־זֹ֑את
וַתַּ֣עַן הָאִשָּׁ֣ה וַתֹּ֡אמֶר חֵֽי־נַפְשְׁךָ֩ אֲדֹנִ֨י הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אִם־אִ֣שׁ ׀ לְהֵמִ֣ין וּלְהַשְׂמִ֗יל מִכֹּ֤ל אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּר֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ כִּֽי־עַבְדְּךָ֤ יוֹאָב֙ ה֣וּא צִוָּ֔נִי וְה֗וּא שָׂ֚ם בְּפִ֣י שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֔ אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
19 And the king said, Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?
And the woman answered and she said, As lives your integrity, my lord O king, if there is any to the right or to the left from all that my lord the king has spoken, for your servant Joab himself has commanded me, and he himself put in the mouth of your handmaid all these words.
3d 4C 15
לְבַעֲב֤וּר סַבֵּב֙ אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י הַדָּבָ֔ר עָשָׂ֛ה עַבְדְּךָ֥ יוֹאָ֖ב אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וַאדֹנִ֣י חָכָ֗ם כְּחָכְמַת֙ מַלְאַ֣ךְ הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים לָדַ֖עַת אֶֽת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּאָֽרֶץ
20 It was with intent to turn around the face of the matter that your servant Joab constructed this word,
and my lord is wise as the wisdom of the messenger of God to know all that is in the land.
3d 4C 25
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ אֶל־יוֹאָ֔ב הִנֵּה־נָ֥א עָשִׂ֖יתִי אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וְלֵ֛ךְ הָשֵׁ֥ב אֶת־הַנַּ֖עַר אֶת־אַבְשָׁלֽוֹם
21 And the king said to Joab, Behold, if you will, I have done this thing,
so go, let the lad Absalom return.
3d 4C 21
וַיִּפֹּל֩ יוֹאָ֨ב אֶל־פָּנָ֥יו אַ֛רְצָה וַיִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֶת־הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יוֹאָ֡ב הַיּוֹם֩ יָדַ֨ע עַבְדְּךָ֜ כִּי־מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֤ן בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ אֲדֹנִ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֥ה הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶת־דְּבַ֥ר עַבְדֶּֽךָ
22 And Joab fell to his face earthward, and prostrated himself, and blessed the king.
And Joab said, Today your servant has known that I have found grace in your eyes, my lord, O king, in that the king has done the word of your servant.
3d 4C 21
וַיָּ֥קָם יוֹאָ֖ב וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ גְּשׁ֑וּרָה
וַיָּבֵ֥א אֶת־אַבְשָׁל֖וֹם יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
23 And Joab arose and he went toward Geshur,
and he brought Absalom to Jerusalem.
3e 4B 11
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ יִסֹּ֣ב אֶל־בֵּית֔וֹ וּפָנַ֖י לֹ֣א יִרְאֶ֑ה
וַיִּסֹּ֤ב אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ אֶל־בֵּית֔וֹ וּפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לֹ֥א רָאָֽה
24 And the king said, Let him circle around to his house, but my face, he will not see.
And Absalom circled around to his house, and the face of the king, he did not see.
3e 4C 17
וּכְאַבְשָׁל֗וֹם לֹא־הָיָ֧ה אִישׁ־יָפֶ֛ה בְּכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לְהַלֵּ֣ל מְאֹ֑ד
מִכַּ֤ף רַגְלוֹ֙ וְעַ֣ד קָדְקֳד֔וֹ לֹא־הָ֥יָה ב֖וֹ מֽוּם
25 But like Absalom there was not a man so much praised for beauty in all Israel.
From the sole of his foot to his scalp there was not in him a spot.
3c 4C 19
וּֽבְגַלְּחוֹ֮ אֶת־רֹאשׁוֹ֒ וְֽ֠הָיָה מִקֵּ֨ץ יָמִ֤ים ׀ לַיָּמִים֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יְגַלֵּ֔חַ כִּֽי־כָבֵ֥ד עָלָ֖יו וְגִלְּח֑וֹ
וְשָׁקַל֙ אֶת־שְׂעַ֣ר רֹאשׁ֔וֹ מָאתַ֥יִם שְׁקָלִ֖ים בְּאֶ֥בֶן הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
26 And when he shaved his head, (and it was at the end of days and days that he shaved, when it was heavy over him then he shaved),
then he weighed the hair of his head, two hundred shekels using the stone of the king.
3e 4C 29
וַיִּֽוָּלְד֤וּ לְאַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ שְׁלוֹשָׁ֣ה בָנִ֔ים וּבַ֥ת אַחַ֖ת וּשְׁמָ֣הּ תָּמָ֑ר
הִ֣יא הָיְתָ֔ה אִשָּׁ֖ה יְפַ֥ת מַרְאֶֽה
27 And there were born to Absalom three sons and one daughter, and her name was Tamar.
She was a woman beautiful of appearance.
3e 4C 21
וַיֵּ֧שֶׁב אַבְשָׁל֛וֹם בִּירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם שְׁנָתַ֣יִם יָמִ֑ים
וּפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לֹ֥א רָאָֽה
28 And Absalom settled in Jerusalem two years,
but the face of the king he did not see.
3c 4B 15
וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח אַבְשָׁל֜וֹם אֶל־יוֹאָ֗ב לִשְׁלֹ֤חַ אֹתוֹ֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְלֹ֥א אָבָ֖ה לָב֣וֹא אֵלָ֑יו
וַיִּשְׁלַ֥ח עוֹד֙ שֵׁנִ֔ית וְלֹ֥א אָבָ֖ה לָבֽוֹא
29 And Absalom sent to Joab to send him out to the king, but he did not consent to come to him.
And he sent further a second time, and he did not consent to come.
3e 4C 26
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֶל־עֲבָדָ֜יו רְאוּ֩ חֶלְקַ֨ת יוֹאָ֤ב אֶל־יָדִי֙ וְלוֹ־שָׁ֣ם שְׂעֹרִ֔ים לְכ֖וּ וְהַצִּית֣וּהָ בָאֵ֑שׁ
וַיַּצִּ֜תוּ עַבְדֵ֧י אַבְשָׁל֛וֹם אֶת־הַחֶלְקָ֖ה בָּאֵֽשׁ
30 And he said to his servants, See the share of Joab adjacent to me, and his barley there. Go and char it in the fire.
And the servants of Absalom charred the share in the fire.
3c 4C 31
וַיָּ֣קָם יוֹאָ֔ב וַיָּבֹ֥א אֶל־אַבְשָׁל֖וֹם הַבָּ֑יְתָה
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו לָ֣מָּה הִצִּ֧יתוּ עֲבָדֶ֛ךָ אֶת־הַחֶלְקָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־לִ֖י בָּאֵֽשׁ
31 And Joab arose and he came to Absalom towards the house,
and said to him, Why has your servant charred the share that is mine in the fire.
3c 4B 15
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אַבְשָׁל֣וֹם אֶל־יוֹאָ֡ב הִנֵּ֣ה שָׁלַ֣חְתִּי אֵלֶ֣יךָ ׀ לֵאמֹ֡ר בֹּ֣א הֵ֠נָּה וְאֶשְׁלְחָה֩ אֹתְךָ֨ אֶל־הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ לֵאמֹ֗ר לָ֤מָּה בָּ֙אתִי֙ מִגְּשׁ֔וּר ט֥וֹב לִ֖י עֹ֣ד אֲנִי־שָׁ֑ם
וְעַתָּ֗ה אֶרְאֶה֙ פְּנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְאִם־יֶשׁ־בִּ֥י עָוֺ֖ן וֶהֱמִתָֽנִי
32 And Absalom said to Joab, Behold, I sent to you to say, Come here and I will send you out to the king to say, Why have I come from Geshur? It was better for me while I was there. And now let me see the face of the king.
And if there is in me iniquity, then let him put me to death.
3e 4C 46
וַיָּבֹ֨א יוֹאָ֣ב אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ֮ וַיַּגֶּד־לוֹ֒ וַיִּקְרָ֤א אֶל־אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ וַיָּבֹ֣א אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיִּשְׁתַּ֨חוּ ל֧וֹ עַל־אַפָּ֛יו אַ֖רְצָה לִפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיִּשַּׁ֥ק הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לְאַבְשָׁלֽוֹם
33 And Joab came to the king and made it clear to him, and he called to Absalom, and he came in to the king, and he prostrated himself to him on his nose earthward before the king.
And the king kissed Absalom.
3c 4C 42

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