Wednesday, February 14, 2018

1 Chronicles 14

This chapter has some differences with 2 Samuel 5 its parallel. The Chronicler has David actively bearing (נשא) the kingdom for the people. Here the kingdom is lifted up (נשא) passive for the people. In both cases we can see that the king can miss the point of his responsibility.

The lists of children are not in agreement. This list appears to have a duplicate.

This passage uses God where the passage in 2 Samuel uses Yahweh. The may reflect a later location of the writing or a change in usage to reduce the frequency of the use of the Name.

1 Chronicles 14 Fn Min Max Syll
וַ֠יִּשְׁלַח חוּרָ֨ם מֶֽלֶךְ־צֹ֥ר מַלְאָכִים֮ אֶל־דָּוִיד֒ וַעֲצֵ֣י אֲרָזִ֔ים וְחָרָשֵׁ֣י קִ֔יר וְחָרָשֵׁ֖י עֵצִ֑ים
לִבְנ֥וֹת ל֖וֹ בָּֽיִת
1 ~ And Hiram the king of Tyre sent messengers to David and cedar trees and artificers of sidewall and artificers of timber,
to build for him a house.
3e 4B 31
5
וַיֵּ֣דַע דָּוִ֔יד כִּֽי־הֱכִינ֧וֹ יְהוָ֛ה לְמֶ֖לֶךְ עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
כִּֽי־נִשֵּׂ֤את לְמַ֙עְלָה֙ מַלְכוּת֔וֹ בַּעֲב֖וּר עַמּ֥וֹ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
2 And David knew that Yahweh had prepared him to be king over Israel,
for his kingdom was lifted up to the ascendant on behalf of the people of Israel.
3c 4C 17
16
וַיִּקַּ֨ח דָּוִ֥יד ע֛וֹד נָשִׁ֖ים בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וַיּ֧וֹלֶד דָּוִ֛יד ע֖וֹד בָּנִ֥ים וּבָנֽוֹת
3 And David took further wives in Jerusalem,
and David had further sons and daughters.
3c 4A 12
11
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ שְׁמ֣וֹת הַיְלוּדִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיוּ־ל֖וֹ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
שַׁמּ֣וּעַ וְשׁוֹבָ֔ב נָתָ֖ן וּשְׁלֹמֹֽה
4 And these are the names of those born who were his in Jerusalem,
Shammua and Shobab, Nathan and Solomon,
3e 4B 16
11
וְיִבְחָ֥ר וֶאֱלִישׁ֖וּעַ וְאֶלְפָּֽלֶט 5 And Yibxar and Elishua and Eliphelet, 3e 3g 12
וְנֹ֥גַהּ וְנֶ֖פֶג וְיָפִֽיעַ 6 And Illumination, and Nepheg, and Yapya, 3e 3g 10
וֶאֱלִישָׁמָ֥ע וּבְעֶלְיָדָ֖ע וֶאֱלִיפָֽלֶט 7 And Elishama and Beelyada and Eliphelet. 3e 3g 14
וַיִּשְׁמְע֣וּ פְלִשְׁתִּ֗ים כִּי־נִמְשַׁ֨ח דָּוִ֤יד לְמֶ֙לֶךְ֙ עַל־כָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיַּעֲל֥וּ כָל־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים לְבַקֵּ֣שׁ אֶת־דָּוִ֑יד
וַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע דָּוִ֔יד וַיֵּצֵ֖א לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
8 When the Philistines heard that David was anointed as king over all Israel then all the Philistines came up to seek David.
And David heard and came forth facing them.
3e 4C 34
11
וּפְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים בָּ֑אוּ
וַֽיִּפְשְׁט֖וּ בְּעֵ֥מֶק רְפָאִֽים
9 And the Philistines came,
and pillaged in the valley the shades.
3e 4A 5
10
וַיִּשְׁאַ֨ל דָּוִ֤יד בֵּאלֹהִים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הַאֶֽעֱלֶה֙ עַל־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וּנְתַתָּ֖ם בְּיָדִ֑י
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר ל֤וֹ יְהוָה֙ עֲלֵ֔ה וּנְתַתִּ֖ים בְּיָדֶֽךָ
10 And David asked in God, saying, Will I go up against the Philistines? and will you give them into my hand?
And Yahweh said to him, Go up, and I will give them into your hand.
3e 4C 24
15
וַיַּעֲל֥וּ בְּבַֽעַל־פְּרָצִים֮ וַיַּכֵּ֣ם שָׁ֣ם דָּוִיד֒ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֔יד פָּרַ֨ץ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֧ים אֶת־אוֹיְבַ֛י בְּיָדִ֖י כְּפֶ֣רֶץ מָ֑יִם
עַל־כֵּ֗ן קָֽרְא֛וּ שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בַּ֥עַל פְּרָצִֽים
11 And David went up at Baal of the breaches and struck them there, and David said, God breached my enemy by my hand as a breach of waters.
Therefore they call the name of that place Baal of the breaches.
3c 4B 38
15
וַיַּעַזְבוּ־שָׁ֖ם אֶת־אֱלֹֽהֵיהֶ֑ם
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֔יד וַיִּשָּׂרְפ֖וּ בָּאֵֽשׁ
12 And they forsook there their gods,
and David said that they should be cremated in the fire.
3e 4B 10
11
וַיֹּסִ֤יפוּ עוֹד֙ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וַֽיִּפְשְׁט֖וּ בָּעֵֽמֶק 13 And again the Philistines continued, and pillaged in the valley. 3e 4C 15
וַיִּשְׁאַ֨ל ע֤וֹד דָּוִיד֙ בֵּֽאלֹהִ֔ים וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים לֹ֥א תַֽעֲלֶ֖ה אַֽחֲרֵיהֶ֑ם
הָסֵב֙ מֵֽעֲלֵיהֶ֔ם וּבָ֥אתָ לָהֶ֖ם מִמּ֥וּל הַבְּכָאִֽים
14 And David asked further in God, and God said to him, Do not go up after them.
Circle away from them, and you will come to them from the forefront of the balsam trees.
3e 4C 25
16
וִ֠יהִי כְּֽשָׁמְעֲךָ֞ אֶת־ק֤וֹל הַצְּעָדָה֙ בְּרָאשֵׁ֣י הַבְּכָאִ֔ים אָ֖ז תֵּצֵ֣א בַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
כִּֽי־יָצָ֤א הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ לְהַכּ֖וֹת אֶת־מַחֲנֵ֥ה פְלִשְׁתִּֽים
15 ~ And when you hear the rumbling of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then you will go forth into the battle,
for God will go forth before you to strike the army of the Philistines.
3e 4C 24
20
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ דָּוִ֔יד כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֖הוּ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים
וַיַּכּוּ֙ אֶת־מַחֲנֵ֣ה פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים מִגִּבְע֖וֹן וְעַד־גָּֽזְרָה
16 And David did as God had commanded,
and struck the army of the Philistines from Gibeon and till Gezer.
3e 4B 15
17
וַיֵּצֵ֥א שֵׁם־דָּוִ֖יד בְּכָל־הָֽאֲרָצ֑וֹת
וַֽיהוָ֛ה נָתַ֥ן אֶת־פַּחְדּ֖וֹ עַל־כָּל־הַגּוֹיִֽם
17 And the name of David went forth in all the lands,
and Yahweh put forth the dread of him over all the nations.
3d 4A 12
12