Friday, October 20, 2017

Joshua 8

This chapter continues the less appealing parts of the canon. I have allowed the name Ai to stand translated as Shambles. We are a shambles. But one has to work very hard to explain away the ban by allegory. The word for scale is the same as used in the story of David and the Philistine. Verse 25 is an example of the inclusive nature of אישׁ, male and female.

Joshua 8 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֤ה אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ אַל־תִּירָ֣א וְאַל־תֵּחָ֔ת קַ֣ח עִמְּךָ֗ אֵ֚ת כָּל־עַ֣ם הַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְק֖וּם עֲלֵ֣ה הָעָ֑י
רְאֵ֣ה ׀ נָתַ֣תִּי בְיָדְךָ֗ אֶת־מֶ֤לֶךְ הָעַי֙ וְאֶת־עַמּ֔וֹ וְאֶת־עִיר֖וֹ וְאֶת־אַרְצֽוֹ
1 And Yahweh said to Joshua, Do not fear and do not be in disarray. Take your people, all the people of the battle and arise, go up to the Shambles.
See, I have given into your hand the king of the Shambles, and with him, both his city and his land.
3e 4C 33
25
וְעָשִׂ֨יתָ לָעַ֜י וּלְמַלְכָּ֗הּ כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשִׂ֤יתָ לִֽירִיחוֹ֙ וּלְמַלְכָּ֔הּ רַק־שְׁלָלָ֥הּ וּבְהֶמְתָּ֖הּ תָּבֹ֣זּוּ לָכֶ֑ם
שִׂים־לְךָ֥ אֹרֵ֛ב לָעִ֖יר מֵאַחֲרֶֽיהָ
2 And you will do to the Shambles and to her king as you have done to Jericho and to her king. Solely her spoil and her cattle you will loot for yourselves.
Set for yourself an ambush for the city behind her.
3d 4C 33
12
וַיָּ֧קָם יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ וְכָל־עַ֥ם הַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה לַעֲל֣וֹת הָעָ֑י
וַיִּבְחַ֣ר יְ֠הוֹשֻׁעַ שְׁלֹשִׁ֨ים אֶ֤לֶף אִישׁ֙ גִּבּוֹרֵ֣י הַחַ֔יִל וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֖ם לָֽיְלָה
3 And Joshua arose and all the people of battle to go up to the Shambles.
And Joshua chose thirty thousand soldiers, the valiant of the force, and he sent them by night.
3c 4C 19
25
וַיְצַ֨ו אֹתָ֜ם לֵאמֹ֗ר רְ֠אוּ אַתֶּ֞ם אֹרְבִ֤ים לָעִיר֙ מֵאַחֲרֵ֣י הָעִ֔יר אַל־תַּרְחִ֥יקוּ מִן־הָעִ֖יר מְאֹ֑ד
וִהְיִיתֶ֥ם כֻּלְּכֶ֖ם נְכֹנִֽים
4 And commanded them, saying, See. You will lie in wait for the city from behind the city, not very far away from the city,
and be, all of you, prepared.
3e 4C 29
8
וַאֲנִ֗י וְכָל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתִּ֔י נִקְרַ֖ב אֶל־הָעִ֑יר
וְהָיָ֗ה כִּֽי־יֵצְא֤וּ לִקְרָאתֵ֙נוּ֙ כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר בָּרִֽאשֹׁנָ֔ה וְנַ֖סְנוּ לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
5 And I and all the people that are with me will approach against the city,
and it will be that when they come forth to encounter us, as at the first, that we will withdraw before them.
3e 4C 16
23
וְיָצְא֣וּ אַחֲרֵ֗ינוּ עַ֣ד הַתִּיקֵ֤נוּ אוֹתָם֙ מִן־הָעִ֔יר כִּ֣י יֹֽאמְר֔וּ נָסִ֣ים לְפָנֵ֔ינוּ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר בָּרִֽאשֹׁנָ֑ה
וְנַ֖סְנוּ לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
6 And they will come forth after us till we have detached them from the city, for they will say, They withdraw before us as at the first.
And we will withdraw before them.
3e 4C 33
6
וְאַתֶּ֗ם תָּקֻ֙מוּ֙ מֵהָ֣אוֹרֵ֔ב וְהוֹרַשְׁתֶּ֖ם אֶת־הָעִ֑יר
וּנְתָנָ֛הּ יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֖ם בְּיֶדְכֶֽם
7 Then you will arise from the ambush and you will possess the city,
and Yahweh your God will give it into your hand.
3d 4B 17
12
וְהָיָ֞ה כְּתָפְשְׂכֶ֣ם אֶת־הָעִ֗יר תַּצִּ֤יתוּ אֶת־הָעִיר֙ בָּאֵ֔שׁ כִּדְבַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה תַּעֲשׂ֑וּ
רְא֖וּ צִוִּ֥יתִי אֶתְכֶֽם
8 And it will be when you have occupied the city, you will char the city in the fire. According to the word of Yahweh you will do.
See. I have commanded you.
3e 4C 25
7
וַיִּשְׁלָחֵ֣ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ וַיֵּֽלְכוּ֙ אֶל־הַמַּאְרָ֔ב וַיֵּשְׁב֗וּ בֵּ֧ין בֵּֽית־אֵ֛ל וּבֵ֥ין הָעַ֖י מִיָּ֣ם לָעָ֑י
וַיָּ֧לֶן יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ בַּלַּ֥יְלָה הַה֖וּא בְּת֥וֹךְ הָעָֽם
9 And Joshua sent them, and they went to the ambush and they settled between Bethel and the Shambles, seaward of the Shambles,
and Joshua lodged in that night in the midst of people.
3c 4B 29
16
וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֤ם יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ בַּבֹּ֔קֶר וַיִּפְקֹ֖ד אֶת־הָעָ֑ם
וַיַּ֨עַל ה֜וּא וְזִקְנֵ֧י יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל לִפְנֵ֥י הָעָ֖ם הָעָֽי
10 And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and conscripted the people,
and he went up, he and the elders of Israel before the people, to the Shambles.
3c 4C 16
16
וְכָל־הָעָ֨ם הַמִּלְחָמָ֜ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֗וֹ עָלוּ֙ וַֽיִּגְּשׁ֔וּ וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ נֶ֣גֶד הָעִ֑יר
וַֽיַּחֲנוּ֙ מִצְּפ֣וֹן לָעַ֔י וְהַגַּ֖י בֵּינָ֥יו וּבֵין־הָעָֽי
11 And all the people for the battle that were with him went up and made overture, and they came before the city.
And they encamped from the north of the Shambles. The gorge was between them and the Shambles.
3e 4B 24
17
וַיִּקַּ֕ח כַּחֲמֵ֥שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֖ים אִ֑ישׁ
וַיָּ֨שֶׂם אוֹתָ֜ם אֹרֵ֗ב בֵּ֧ין בֵּֽית־אֵ֛ל וּבֵ֥ין הָעַ֖י מִיָּ֥ם לָעִֽיר
12 And he took about five thousand men,
and he set them to lie in wait between Bethel and the Shambles seaward of the city.
3c 4A 11
18
וַיָּשִׂ֨ימוּ הָעָ֜ם אֶת־כָּל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֗ה אֲשֶׁר֙ מִצְּפ֣וֹן לָעִ֔יר וְאֶת־עֲקֵב֖וֹ מִיָּ֣ם לָעִ֑יר
וַיֵּ֧לֶךְ יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ בַּלַּ֥יְלָה הַה֖וּא בְּת֥וֹךְ הָעֵֽמֶק
13 And they set the people in place, all the camp that were northward of the city, and those with foot firmly planted seaward of the city,
and Joshua went in that night in the midst of the valley.
3c 4B 27
17
וַיְהִ֞י כִּרְא֣וֹת מֶֽלֶךְ־הָעַ֗י וַֽיְמַהֲר֡וּ וַיַּשְׁכִּ֡ימוּ וַיֵּצְא֣וּ אַנְשֵֽׁי־הָעִ֣יר לִקְרַֽאת־יִ֠שְׂרָאֵל לַֽמִּלְחָמָ֞ה ה֧וּא וְכָל־עַמּ֛וֹ לַמּוֹעֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֣י הָֽעֲרָבָ֑ה
וְהוּא֙ לֹ֣א יָדַ֔ע כִּֽי־אֹרֵ֥ב ל֖וֹ מֵאַחֲרֵ֥י הָעִֽיר
14 And it happened that when the king of the Shambles saw, they moved swiftly and they rose early and the soldiers of the city went forth to the call of Israel to war, he and all with him, to engage before the steppe.
And he not did know that an ambush for him was behind the city.
3c 4B 45
14
וַיִּנָּֽגְע֛וּ יְהוֹשֻׁ֥עַ וְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם
וַיָּנֻ֖סוּ דֶּ֥רֶךְ הַמִּדְבָּֽר
15 And Joshua and all Israel made as if contagion before them,
and withdrew the way of the wilderness.
3d 4A 16
9
וַיִּזָּעֲק֗וּ כָּל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בָּעַ֔י לִרְדֹּ֖ף אַחֲרֵיהֶ֑ם
וַֽיִּרְדְּפוּ֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י יְהוֹשֻׁ֔עַ וַיִּנָּתְק֖וּ מִן־הָעִֽיר
16 And all the people were appealed to that were in the Shambles to pursue after them,
and they pursued after Joshua and were detached from the city.
3e 4B 18
18
וְלֹֽא־נִשְׁאַ֣ר אִ֗ישׁ בָּעַי֙ וּבֵ֣ית אֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־יָצְא֖וּ אַחֲרֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיַּעַזְב֤וּ אֶת־הָעִיר֙ פְּתוּחָ֔ה וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ אַחֲרֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And no man was still there in the Shambles or Bethel who did not come forth after Israel,
and they forsook the open city, and pursued after Israel.
3e 4C 21
20
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ נְ֠טֵה בַּכִּיד֤וֹן אֲשֶׁר־בְּיָֽדְךָ֙ אֶל־הָעַ֔י כִּ֥י בְיָדְךָ֖ אֶתְּנֶ֑נָּה
וַיֵּ֧ט יְהוֹשֻׁ֛עַ בַּכִּיד֥וֹן אֲשֶׁר־בְּיָד֖וֹ אֶל־הָעִֽיר
18 And Yahweh said to Joshua, Stretch out with the scale that is in your hand to the Shambles, for into your hand I will give it.
And Joshua stretched out with the scale that was in his hand against the city.
3c 4C 30
17
וְהָאוֹרֵ֡ב קָם֩ מְהֵרָ֨ה מִמְּקוֹמ֤וֹ וַיָּר֙וּצוּ֙ כִּנְט֣וֹת יָד֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ הָעִ֖יר וַֽיִּלְכְּד֑וּהָ
וַֽיְמַהֲר֔וּ וַיַּצִּ֥יתוּ אֶת־הָעִ֖יר בָּאֵֽשׁ
19 And those lying in wait arose swiftly from their place and they raced as he stretched out his hand, and they entered the city and conquered it.
They moved swiftly and charred the city in the fire.
3e 4C 29
13
וַיִּפְנ֣וּ אַנְשֵׁי֩ הָעַ֨י אַחֲרֵיהֶ֜ם וַיִּרְא֗וּ וְהִנֵּ֨ה עָלָ֜ה עֲשַׁ֤ן הָעִיר֙ הַשָּׁמַ֔יְמָה וְלֹא־הָיָ֨ה בָהֶ֥ם יָדַ֛יִם לָנ֖וּס הֵ֣נָּה וָהֵ֑נָּה
וְהָעָם֙ הַנָּ֣ס הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר נֶהְפַּ֖ךְ אֶל־הָרוֹדֵֽף
20 When the soldiers of the Shambles faced behind them, they saw, and behold the smoke of the city ascended towards the heavens, and it was not in their hands to withdraw here or there,
and the people withdrawing to the wilderness turned on those who pursued.
3d 4C 41
14
וִיהוֹשֻׁ֨עַ וְכָֽל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל רָא֗וּ כִּֽי־לָכַ֤ד הָֽאֹרֵב֙ אֶת־הָעִ֔יר וְכִ֥י עָלָ֖ה עֲשַׁ֣ן הָעִ֑יר
וַיָּשֻׁ֕בוּ וַיַּכּ֖וּ אֶת־אַנְשֵׁ֥י הָעָֽי
21 When Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had conquered the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended,
then they returned and struck the men of the Shambles.
3e 4C 27
12
וְאֵ֨לֶּה יָצְא֤וּ מִן־הָעִיר֙ לִקְרָאתָ֔ם וַיִּֽהְי֤וּ לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בַּתָּ֔וֶךְ אֵ֥לֶּה מִזֶּ֖ה וְאֵ֣לֶּה מִזֶּ֑ה
וַיַּכּ֣וּ אוֹתָ֔ם עַד־בִּלְתִּ֥י הִשְׁאִֽיר־ל֖וֹ שָׂרִ֥יד וּפָלִֽיט
22 And these came forth from the city to encounter them, and they were in the midst of Israel, these from this and these from this,
and they struck them till they were without a trace of survivor or security.
3e 4C 30
16
וְאֶת־מֶ֥לֶךְ הָעַ֖י תָּ֣פְשׂוּ חָ֑י
וַיַּקְרִ֥בוּ אֹת֖וֹ אֶל־יְהוֹשֻֽׁעַ
23 And the king of the Shambles they arrested alive,
and brought him near to Joshua.
3e 4B 9
11
וַיְהִ֣י כְּכַלּ֣וֹת יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל לַהֲרֹג֩ אֶת־כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵ֨י הָעַ֜י בַּשָּׂדֶ֗ה בַּמִּדְבָּר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר רְדָפ֣וּם בּ֔וֹ וַֽיִּפְּל֥וּ כֻלָּ֛ם לְפִי־חֶ֖רֶב עַד־תֻּמָּ֑ם
וַיָּשֻׁ֤בוּ כָל־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ הָעַ֔י וַיַּכּ֥וּ אֹתָ֖הּ לְפִי־חָֽרֶב
24 And it happened when Israel finished slaying all the inhabitants of the Shambles in the field, in the wilderness where they pursued them, and they were fallen all of them with the edge of the sword until their completion,
then all Israel returned to the Shambles and struck it with the edge of the sword.
3d 4C 40
18
וַיְהִי֩ כָל־הַנֹּ֨פְלִ֜ים בַּיּ֤וֹם הַהוּא֙ מֵאִ֣ישׁ וְעַד־אִשָּׁ֔ה שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ר אָ֑לֶף
כֹּ֖ל אַנְשֵׁ֥י הָעָֽי
25 And all the fallen in that day of men and women were twelve thousand,
all the persons of the Shambles.
3e 4C 22
5
וִיהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ לֹֽא־הֵשִׁ֣יב יָד֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר נָטָ֖ה בַּכִּיד֑וֹן
עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֶחֱרִ֔ים אֵ֖ת כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵ֥י הָעָֽי
26 And Joshua not did return his hand that he had stretched out with the scale,
until he had put to the ban all the inhabitants of the Shambles.
3e 4C 15
12
רַ֣ק הַבְּהֵמָ֗ה וּשְׁלַל֙ הָעִ֣יר הַהִ֔יא בָּזְז֥וּ לָהֶ֖ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
כִּדְבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֖ה אֶת־יְהוֹשֻֽׁעַ
27 B Solely the cattle and the spoil of the city that Israel despoiled for themselves,
according to the word of Yahweh that he commanded Joshua.
3e 4B 17
13
וַיִּשְׂרֹ֥ף יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ אֶת־הָעָ֑י
וַיְשִׂימֶ֤הָ תֵּל־עוֹלָם֙ שְׁמָמָ֔ה עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
28 And Joshua incinerated the Shambles,
and he set it a mound, forever desolate to this day.
3e 4C 10
15
וְאֶת־מֶ֧לֶךְ הָעַ֛י תָּלָ֥ה עַל־הָעֵ֖ץ עַד־עֵ֣ת הָעָ֑רֶב
וּכְב֣וֹא הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ֩ צִוָּ֨ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֜עַ וַיֹּרִ֧ידוּ אֶת־נִבְלָת֣וֹ מִן־הָעֵ֗ץ וַיַּשְׁלִ֤יכוּ אוֹתָהּ֙ אֶל־פֶּ֙תַח֙ שַׁ֣עַר הָעִ֔יר וַיָּקִ֤ימוּ עָלָיו֙ גַּל־אֲבָנִ֣ים גָּד֔וֹל עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
29 And the king of the Shambles he hung on the tree until the time of evening,
and as the sun set, Joshua commanded that they bring down his corpse from the tree, and they cast it to the door of the gate of the city, and they placed over him a rubble of great stones to this day.
3c 4C 16
52
אָ֣ז יִבְנֶ֤ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ מִזְבֵּ֔חַ לַֽיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
בְּהַ֖ר עֵיבָֽל
30 B Then Joshua built an altar to Yahweh the God of Israel,
on the hill of Eival.
3e 4C 18
4
כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר צִוָּה֩ מֹשֶׁ֨ה עֶֽבֶד־יְהוָ֜ה אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל כַּכָּתוּב֙ בְּסֵ֙פֶר֙ תּוֹרַ֣ת מֹשֶׁ֔ה מִזְבַּח֙ אֲבָנִ֣ים שְׁלֵמ֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹֽא־הֵנִ֥יף עֲלֵיהֶ֖ן בַּרְזֶ֑ל
וַיַּעֲל֨וּ עָלָ֤יו עֹלוֹת֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה וַֽיִּזְבְּח֖וּ שְׁלָמִֽים
31 As Moses the servant of Yahweh commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the record of the instruction of Moses, an altar of whole stones over which no one has brandished iron.
And they offered up on it burnt offerings to Yahweh and they offered peace offerings.
3d 4C 44
17
וַיִּכְתָּב־שָׁ֖ם עַל־הָאֲבָנִ֑ים
אֵ֗ת מִשְׁנֵה֙ תּוֹרַ֣ת מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר כָּתַ֔ב לִפְנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
32 And he wrote there on the stones,
a duplicate of the instruction of Moses which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.
3e 4B 9
18
וְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֡ל וּזְקֵנָ֡יו וְשֹׁטְרִ֣ים ׀ וְשֹׁפְטָ֡יו עֹמְדִ֣ים מִזֶּ֣ה ׀ וּמִזֶּ֣ה ׀ לָאָר֡וֹן נֶגֶד֩ הַכֹּהֲנִ֨ים הַלְוִיִּ֜ם נֹשְׂאֵ֣י ׀ אֲר֣וֹן בְּרִית־יְהוָ֗ה כַּגֵּר֙ כָּֽאֶזְרָ֔ח חֶצְיוֹ֙ אֶל־מ֣וּל הַר־גְּרִזִ֔ים וְהַֽחֶצְי֖וֹ אֶל־מ֣וּל הַר־עֵיבָ֑ל
כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֜ה מֹשֶׁ֣ה עֶֽבֶד־יְהוָ֗ה לְבָרֵ֛ךְ אֶת־הָעָ֥ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בָּרִאשֹׁנָֽה
33 And all Israel and their elders and overseers and judges were standing from this or from that of the ark before the priests, the Levites who bear the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, as the guest as the native, half to be in the forefront of the hill of Gerizim, and half to be in the forefront of the hill of Eival,
as Moses the servant of Yahweh commanded, at the first, to bless the people of Israel.
3d 4B 63
24
וְאַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֗ן קָרָא֙ אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֣י הַתּוֹרָ֔ה הַבְּרָכָ֖ה וְהַקְּלָלָ֑ה
כְּכָל־הַכָּת֖וּב בְּסֵ֥פֶר הַתּוֹרָֽה
34 And after such he recited all the words of instruction, the blessing and the denial,
according to all that is written in the record of instruction.
3e 4B 21
11
לֹֽא־הָיָ֣ה דָבָ֔ר מִכֹּ֖ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֣ה מֹשֶׁ֑ה
אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹֽא־קָרָ֜א יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ נֶ֣גֶד כָּל־קְהַ֤ל יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וְהַנָּשִׁ֣ים וְהַטַּ֔ף וְהַגֵּ֖ר הַהֹלֵ֥ךְ בְּקִרְבָּֽם
35 There was no word from all that Moses commanded,
that Joshua did not recite in front of all the congregation of Israel and the women and the little ones and the guests who walked among them.
3e 4C 12
32