Monday, October 23, 2017

1 Samuel 27

Another short chapter. There is work going on behind the scenes though on long chapters.

A full year appears to be just 'days' ימים by itself. Verse 7. This is the only verse I have seen with a rest between the subject and the predicate. (Music here) It's perfectly fine in Hebrew, but is odd in English if you render ויהי as was and try to make it read as a sentence.

I have allowed the gloss of country and countryside for סדה which to date I have rendered only as field.

Ver
1 Samuel 27 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר דָּוִד֙ אֶל־לִבּ֔וֹ עַתָּ֛ה אֶסָּפֶ֥ה יוֹם־אֶחָ֖ד בְּיַד־שָׁא֑וּל
אֵֽין־לִ֨י ט֜וֹב כִּ֣י הִמָּלֵ֥ט אִמָּלֵ֣ט ׀ אֶל־אֶ֣רֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֗ים וְנוֹאַ֨שׁ מִמֶּ֤נִּי שָׁאוּל֙ לְבַקְשֵׁ֤נִי עוֹד֙ בְּכָל־גְּב֣וּל יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְנִמְלַטְתִּ֖י מִיָּדֽוֹ
1 And David said to his heart, now I will be snatched away one day into the hand of Saul.
There is nothing better for me than to escape, to make my escape to the land of the Philistines. Saul will despair over me to seek me any longer within every border of Israel, and I will escape from his hand.
3d 4C 20
43
וַיָּ֣קָם דָּוִ֔ד וַיַּעֲבֹ֣ר ה֔וּא וְשֵׁשׁ־מֵא֥וֹת אִ֖ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִמּ֑וֹ
אֶל־אָכִ֥ישׁ בֶּן־מָע֖וֹךְ מֶ֥לֶךְ גַּֽת
2 And David arose and he crossed over, he and six hundred men that were with him,
to Akish child of Maok, king of Gath.
3e 4B 19
9
וַיֵּשֶׁב֩ דָּוִ֨ד עִם־אָכִ֥ישׁ בְּגַ֛ת ה֥וּא וַאֲנָשָׁ֖יו אִ֣ישׁ וּבֵית֑וֹ
דָּוִד֙ וּשְׁתֵּ֣י נָשָׁ֔יו אֲחִינֹ֙עַם֙ הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִ֔ית וַאֲבִיגַ֥יִל אֵֽשֶׁת־נָבָ֖ל הַֽכַּרְמְלִֽית
3 And David settled with Akish in Gath, he and his men, each person and his household,
David and his two wives, Axinoam the Jezreelite, and Abigail wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
3d 4B 19
28
וַיֻּגַּ֣ד לְשָׁא֔וּל כִּֽי־בָרַ֥ח דָּוִ֖ד גַּ֑ת
וְלֹֽא־יָסַ֥ף ע֖וֹד לְבַקְשֽׁוֹ
4 And it was told Saul that David had run away to Gath,
and he again no longer sought him.
3e 4B 11
7
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר דָּוִ֜ד אֶל־אָכִ֗ישׁ אִם־נָא֩ מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֤ן בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ יִתְּנוּ־לִ֣י מָק֗וֹם בְּאַחַ֛ת עָרֵ֥י הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה וְאֵ֣שְׁבָה שָּׁ֑ם
וְלָ֨מָּה יֵשֵׁ֧ב עַבְדְּךָ֛ בְּעִ֥יר הַמַּמְלָכָ֖ה עִמָּֽךְ
5 And David said to Akish, If please I have found grace in your eyes, let me be given a place in one of the cities of the countryside that I may settle there.
Why should your servant settle in the city of the kingdom with you?
3c 4C 35
16
וַיִּתֶּן־ל֥וֹ אָכִ֛ישׁ בַּיּ֥וֹם הַה֖וּא אֶת־צִֽקְלָ֑ג
לָכֵ֞ן הָיְתָ֤ה צִֽקְלַג֙ לְמַלְכֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֔ה עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
6 And Akish gave to him in that day Tsiqlag.
Therefore Tsiqlag is of the kings of Judah to this day.
3d 4C 13
17
וַֽיְהִי֙ מִסְפַּ֣ר הַיָּמִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־יָשַׁ֥ב דָּוִ֖ד בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה פְלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
יָמִ֖ים וְאַרְבָּעָ֥ה חֳדָשִֽׁים
7 And this is the count of the days that David settled in the country of the Philistines,
a full year and four months.
3e 4B 18
9
וַיַּ֤עַל דָּוִד֙ וַֽאֲנָשָׁ֔יו וַֽיִּפְשְׁט֛וּ אֶל־הַגְּשׁוּרִ֥י וְהַגִּזְרִ֖י וְהָעֲמָלֵקִ֑י
כִּ֣י הֵ֜נָּה יֹשְׁב֤וֹת הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר מֵֽעוֹלָ֔ם בּוֹאֲךָ֥ שׁ֖וּרָה וְעַד־אֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרָֽיִם
8 And David and his men went up and pillaged the Geshuri and the Gezerites and the Amalekites,
for they were the settlers of the land that are of old, as you come to Shur and to the land of Egypt.
3d 4C 27
25
וְהִכָּ֤ה דָוִד֙ אֶת־הָאָ֔רֶץ וְלֹ֥א יְחַיֶּ֖ה אִ֣ישׁ וְאִשָּׁ֑ה
וְלָקַח֩ צֹ֨אן וּבָקָ֜ר וַחֲמֹרִ֤ים וּגְמַלִּים֙ וּבְגָדִ֔ים וַיָּ֖שָׁב וַיָּבֹ֥א אֶל־אָכִֽישׁ
9 And David struck the land and left alive no man or woman,
and took sheep and oxen and asses and camels and garments and returned. And he came to Akish.
3e 4C 18
26
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אָכִ֔ישׁ אַל־פְּשַׁטְתֶּ֖ם הַיּ֑וֹם
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר דָּוִ֗ד עַל־נֶ֤גֶב יְהוּדָה֙ וְעַל־נֶ֣גֶב הַיַּרְחְמְאֵלִ֔י וְאֶל־נֶ֖גֶב הַקֵּינִֽי
10 And Akish said, Were you not pillaging today?
And David said, over the south of Judah, and over the south of the Yeraxmelite, and to the south of the Kenite.
3e 4C 11
28
וְאִ֨ישׁ וְאִשָּׁ֜ה לֹֽא־יְחַיֶּ֣ה דָוִ֗ד לְהָבִ֥יא גַת֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר פֶּן־יַגִּ֥דוּ עָלֵ֖ינוּ לֵאמֹ֑ר
כֹּֽה־עָשָׂ֤ה דָוִד֙ וְכֹ֣ה מִשְׁפָּט֔וֹ כָּל־הַ֨יָּמִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָשַׁ֖ב בִּשְׂדֵ֥ה פְלִשְׁתִּֽים
11 But no man or woman David left alive to come to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell about us, saying,
Thus did David and thus. His astuteness, all the days that he settled in the country of the Philistines.
3e 4C 26
23
וַיַּאֲמֵ֥ן אָכִ֖ישׁ בְּדָוִ֣ד לֵאמֹ֑ר
הַבְאֵ֤שׁ הִבְאִישׁ֙ בְּעַמּ֣וֹ בְיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וְהָ֥יָה לִ֖י לְעֶ֥בֶד עוֹלָֽם
12 And Akish believed in David, saying,
He makes himself stink for his people in Israel, so he will be for me as a servant evermore.
3e 4C 11
20