Tuesday, November 6, 2018

2 Samuel 13

לבב Who would guess that this might mean bake a cake? It's sole gloss for me so far is heart. Why would I want to invent cakes especially in this chapter, the last of 2 Samuel? 6 more chapters to go after this.

Towards the end of a race, there is debris thrown here and there as one pushes to the end. I hope there is someone with a warming blanket and food at the finish line. Prior chapter is here for verse 1. (In case you missed it.) Note that the story is framed by Yonadab. So much goes on in the world among children that the parents are unaware of.

Verse 37 - who lamented? Over which son?

2 Samuel 13 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י אַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֗ן וּלְאַבְשָׁל֧וֹם בֶּן־דָּוִ֛ד אָח֥וֹת יָפָ֖ה וּשְׁמָ֣הּ תָּמָ֑ר
וַיֶּאֱהָבֶ֖הָ אַמְנ֥וֹן בֶּן־דָּוִֽד
1 And it was after such a thing. And Absalom, son of David, had a beautiful sister, and her name was Tamar.
And Amnon, son of David, loved her.
3c 4B 21
11
וַיֵּ֨צֶר לְאַמְנ֜וֹן לְהִתְחַלּ֗וֹת בַּֽעֲבוּר֙ תָּמָ֣ר אֲחֹת֔וֹ כִּ֥י בְתוּלָ֖ה הִ֑יא
וַיִּפָּלֵא֙ בְּעֵינֵ֣י אַמְנ֔וֹן לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת לָ֖הּ מְאֽוּמָה
2 And Amnon was so in anguish that he made himself ill over Tamar, his sister, for a virgin she was.
And it would be a wonder in the eyes of Amnon to do to her anything whatever.
3e 4B 23
16
וּלְאַמְנ֣וֹן רֵ֗עַ וּשְׁמוֹ֙ יֽוֹנָדָ֔ב בֶּן־שִׁמְעָ֖ה אֲחִ֣י דָוִ֑ד
וְי֣וֹנָדָ֔ב אִ֥ישׁ חָכָ֖ם מְאֹֽד
3 But Amnon had a friend, and his name was Yonadab, child of Shema, the brother of David,
and Yonadab was a very shrewd person.
3e 4B 17
9
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ מַדּ֣וּעַ אַ֠תָּה כָּ֣כָה דַּ֤ל בֶּן־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ בַּבֹּ֣קֶר בַּבֹּ֔קֶר הֲל֖וֹא תַּגִּ֣יד לִ֑י
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ אַמְנ֔וֹן אֶת־תָּמָ֗ר אֲח֛וֹת אַבְשָׁלֹ֥ם אָחִ֖י אֲנִ֥י אֹהֵֽב
4 And he said to him, Why are you thus, the weak son of the king, from morning to morning? Will you not tell me?
And said Amnon to him, Tamar, the sister of Absalom, my brother. I am in love.
3d 4C 27
20
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ יְה֣וֹנָדָ֔ב שְׁכַ֥ב עַל־מִשְׁכָּבְךָ֖ וְהִתְחָ֑ל
וּבָ֧א אָבִ֣יךָ לִרְאוֹתֶ֗ךָ וְאָמַרְתָּ֣ אֵלָ֡יו תָּ֣בֹא נָא֩ תָמָ֨ר אֲחוֹתִ֜י וְתַבְרֵ֣נִי לֶ֗חֶם וְעָשְׂתָ֤ה לְעֵינַי֙ אֶת־הַבִּרְיָ֔ה לְמַ֙עַן֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶרְאֶ֔ה וְאָכַלְתִּ֖י מִיָּדָֽהּ
5 And Yonadab said to him, Lie down on your litter and make yourself ill.
When your father comes to see you, then say to him, Let Tamar my sister come, please, and pick me a meal of bread, and let her make the meal in my sight in order that I may see and eat by her hand.
3c 4C 17
53
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב אַמְנ֖וֹן וַיִּתְחָ֑ל
וַיָּבֹ֨א הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ לִרְאֹת֗וֹ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַמְנ֤וֹן אֶל־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ תָּֽבוֹא־נָ֞א תָּמָ֣ר אֲחֹתִ֗י וּתְלַבֵּ֤ב לְעֵינַי֙ שְׁתֵּ֣י לְבִב֔וֹת וְאֶבְרֶ֖ה מִיָּדָֽהּ
6 And Amnon lay down and made himself ill.
And the king came to see him. And Amnon said to the king, Let Tamar my sister come, please, and make a hearty cake in my sight, two hearty cakes that I may soar from her hand.
3e 4C 8
43
וַיִּשְׁלַ֥ח דָּוִ֛ד אֶל־תָּמָ֖ר הַבַּ֣יְתָה לֵאמֹ֑ר
לְכִ֣י נָ֗א בֵּ֚ית אַמְנ֣וֹן אָחִ֔יךְ וַעֲשִׂי־ל֖וֹ הַבִּרְיָֽה
7 And David sent to Tamar towards the house, saying,
Go please to the house of Amnon, your brother, and make him the meal.
3d 4C 13
14
וַתֵּ֣לֶךְ תָּמָ֗ר בֵּ֛ית אַמְנ֥וֹן אָחִ֖יהָ וְה֣וּא שֹׁכֵ֑ב
וַתִּקַּ֨ח אֶת־הַבָּצֵ֤ק וַתָּ֙לָשׁ֙ וַתְּלַבֵּ֣ב לְעֵינָ֔יו וַתְּבַשֵּׁ֖ל אֶת־הַלְּבִבֽוֹת
8 And Tamar went to the house of Amnon, her brother, and he was lying down.
And she took the dough, and kneaded, and made a hearty cake before his eyes, and boiled a succulent hearty cake.
3d 4C 15
23
וַתִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־הַמַּשְׂרֵת֙ וַתִּצֹ֣ק לְפָנָ֔יו וַיְמָאֵ֖ן לֶאֱכ֑וֹל
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אַמְנ֗וֹן הוֹצִ֤יאוּ כָל־אִישׁ֙ מֵֽעָלַ֔י וַיֵּצְא֥וּ כָל־אִ֖ישׁ מֵעָלָֽיו
9 And she took the skillet that she infused before him, but he would not eat.
And Amnon said, Let every man go out from me and every man went out from him.
3e 4C 19
21
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַמְנ֜וֹן אֶל־תָּמָ֗ר הָבִ֤יאִי הַבִּרְיָה֙ הַחֶ֔דֶר וְאֶבְרֶ֖ה מִיָּדֵ֑ךְ
וַתִּקַּ֣ח תָּמָ֗ר אֶת־הַלְּבִבוֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔תָה וַתָּבֵ֛א לְאַמְנ֥וֹן אָחִ֖יהָ הֶחָֽדְרָה
10 And Amnon said to Tamar, Bring the meal to the inner room, that I may soar from your hand.
And Tamar took the hearty cakes that she had made, and brought them to Amnon her brother, into the inner room.
3d 4C 23
26
וַתַּגֵּ֥שׁ אֵלָ֖יו לֶֽאֱכֹ֑ל
וַיַּֽחֲזֶק־בָּהּ֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָ֔הּ בּ֛וֹאִי שִׁכְבִ֥י עִמִּ֖י אֲחוֹתִֽי
11 And she came close for him to eat.
And he resolutely took hold of her and said to her, Come lie with me, my sister.
3d 4B 8
18
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ אַל־אָחִי֙ אַל־תְּעַנֵּ֔נִי כִּ֛י לֹא־יֵֽעָשֶׂ֥ה כֵ֖ן בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אַֽל־תַּעֲשֵׂ֖ה אֶת־הַנְּבָלָ֥ה הַזֹּֽאת
12 And she said to him, No, my brother. Do not afflict me, for such is not done in Israel.
You will not do this senselessness.
3d 4B 21
10
וַאֲנִ֗י אָ֤נָה אוֹלִיךְ֙ אֶת־חֶרְפָּתִ֔י וְאַתָּ֗ה תִּהְיֶ֛ה כְּאַחַ֥ד הַנְּבָלִ֖ים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְעַתָּה֙ דַּבֶּר־נָ֣א אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ כִּ֛י לֹ֥א יִמְנָעֵ֖נִי מִמֶּֽךָּ
13 And I, where will I go with my reproach? And you will be as one of the senseless in Israel.
And now, speak please to the king, for he will not withhold me from you.
3d 4C 26
19
וְלֹ֥א אָבָ֖ה לִשְׁמֹ֣עַ בְּקוֹלָ֑הּ
וַיֶּחֱזַ֤ק מִמֶּ֙נָּה֙ וַיְעַנֶּ֔הָ וַיִּשְׁכַּ֖ב אֹתָֽהּ
14 But he did not consent to hear with her voice.
And he resolutely took hold of her, and afflicted her, and lay down with her.
3e 4C 10
16
וַיִּשְׂנָאֶ֣הָ אַמְנ֗וֹן שִׂנְאָה֙ גְּדוֹלָ֣ה מְאֹ֔ד כִּ֣י גְדוֹלָ֗ה הַשִּׂנְאָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר שְׂנֵאָ֔הּ מֵאַהֲבָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲהֵבָ֑הּ
וַֽיֹּאמֶר־לָ֥הּ אַמְנ֖וֹן ק֥וּמִי לֵֽכִי
15 Then Amnon hated her with a very great hatred. For the great hatred with which he hated her was more than the love with which he had loved her.
And Amnon said to her, Arise. Go.
3e 4B 35
10
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ אַל־אוֹדֹ֞ת הָרָעָ֤ה הַגְּדוֹלָה֙ הַזֹּ֔את מֵאַחֶ֛רֶת אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂ֥יתָ עִמִּ֖י לְשַׁלְּחֵ֑נִי
וְלֹ֥א אָבָ֖ה לִשְׁמֹ֥עַֽ לָֽהּ
16 And she said to him, No rationale for this great evil. More than the other that you have done with me, to send me away.
But he did not consent to hear her.
3d 4C 30
8
וַיִּקְרָ֗א אֶֽת־נַעֲרוֹ֙ מְשָׁ֣רְת֔וֹ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר שִׁלְחוּ־נָ֥א אֶת־זֹ֛את מֵעָלַ֖י הַח֑וּצָה
וּנְעֹ֥ל הַדֶּ֖לֶת אַחֲרֶֽיהָ
17 And he called his lad that ministered to him, and he said, Send please this away from me outside.
And bolt the gateway after her.
3d 4B 23
9
וְעָלֶ֙יהָ֙ כְּתֹ֣נֶת פַּסִּ֔ים כִּי֩ כֵ֨ן תִּלְבַּ֧שְׁןָ בְנוֹת־הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ הַבְּתוּלֹ֖ת מְעִילִ֑ים
וַיֹּצֵ֨א אוֹתָ֤הּ מְשָֽׁרְתוֹ֙ הַח֔וּץ וְנָעַ֥ל הַדֶּ֖לֶת אַחֲרֶֽיהָ
18 And she had a many hued coat, for so were clothed the daughters of the king, the virgins, exterior cloaks.
And his minister brought her out outside, and bolted the gateway after her.
3c 4C 25
20
וַתִּקַּ֨ח תָּמָ֥ר אֵ֙פֶר֙ עַל־רֹאשָׁ֔הּ וּכְתֹ֧נֶת הַפַּסִּ֛ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָלֶ֖יהָ קָרָ֑עָה
וַתָּ֤שֶׂם יָדָהּ֙ עַל־רֹאשָׁ֔הּ וַתֵּ֥לֶךְ הָל֖וֹךְ וְזָעָֽקָה
19 And Tamar took ashes on her head. And the many hued coat that was over her, she ripped.
And she put her hand on her head, and went on meandering, and appealing.
3c 4C 24
17
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֵלֶ֜יהָ אַבְשָׁל֣וֹם אָחִ֗יהָ הַאֲמִינ֣וֹן אָחִיךְ֮ הָיָ֣ה עִמָּךְ֒ וְעַתָּ֞ה אֲחוֹתִ֤י הַחֲרִ֙ישִׁי֙ אָחִ֣יךְ ה֔וּא אַל־תָּשִׁ֥יתִי אֶת־לִבֵּ֖ךְ לַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וַתֵּ֤שֶׁב תָּמָר֙ וְשֹׁ֣מֵמָ֔ה בֵּ֖ית אַבְשָׁל֥וֹם אָחִֽיהָ
20 And Absalom her brother said to her, Has Amnon your brother been with you? And now my sister, be silent. He is your brother. Do not set your heart on this matter?
And Tamar settled, and she was desolate in the house of Absalom, her brother.
3e 4C 47
16
וְהַמֶּ֣לֶךְ דָּוִ֔ד שָׁמַ֕ע אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה
וַיִּ֥חַר ל֖וֹ מְאֹֽד
21 And king David heard all these words
And he was burning with anger for himself, especially.
3e 4B 16
6
וְלֹֽא־דִבֶּ֧ר אַבְשָׁל֛וֹם עִם־אַמְנ֖וֹן לְמֵרָ֣ע וְעַד־ט֑וֹב
כִּֽי־שָׂנֵ֤א אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ אֶת־אַמְנ֔וֹן עַל־דְּבַר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִנָּ֔ה אֵ֖ת תָּמָ֥ר אֲחֹתֽוֹ
22 But Absalom did not speak with Amnon for evil or for good.
For Absalom hated Amnon over the matter that he had afflicted Tamar his sister.
3c 4C 15
21
וַֽיְהִי֙ לִשְׁנָתַ֣יִם יָמִ֔ים וַיִּהְי֤וּ גֹֽזְזִים֙ לְאַבְשָׁל֔וֹם בְּבַ֥עַל חָצ֖וֹר אֲשֶׁ֣ר עִם־אֶפְרָ֑יִם
וַיִּקְרָ֥א אַבְשָׁל֖וֹם לְכָל־בְּנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
23 And it was for two full years, and Absalom's shearers were at Baal Chatsor that is beside Ephraim.
And Absalom called for all the sons of the king.
3e 4C 27
13
וַיָּבֹ֤א אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר הִנֵּה־נָ֥א גֹזְזִ֖ים לְעַבְדֶּ֑ךָ
יֵֽלֶךְ־נָ֥א הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ וַעֲבָדָ֖יו עִם־עַבְדֶּֽךָ
24 And Absalom came to the king and he said, Behold please, the shearers of your servant.
Let the king please come, and his servants with your servant.
3d 4C 22
14
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶל־אַבְשָׁל֗וֹם אַל־בְּנִי֙ אַל־נָ֤א נֵלֵךְ֙ כֻּלָּ֔נוּ וְלֹ֥א נִכְבַּ֖ד עָלֶ֑יךָ
וַיִּפְרָץ־בּ֛וֹ וְלֹֽא־אָבָ֥ה לָלֶ֖כֶת וַֽיְבָרֲכֵֽהוּ
25 And the king said to Absalom, No, my child. Let not all of us go now, and let us not be heavy for you.
And he had breached it, yet he did not consent to go. And he blessed him.
3d 4C 27
15
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְשָׁל֔וֹם וָלֹ֕א יֵֽלֶךְ־נָ֥א אִתָּ֖נוּ אַמְנ֣וֹן אָחִ֑י
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר לוֹ֙ הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לָ֥מָּה יֵלֵ֖ךְ עִמָּֽךְ
26 And Absalom said, If not, please let Amnon, my brother, go with us.
And the king said to him, Why would he go with you?
3e 4C 18
13
וַיִּפְרָץ־בּ֖וֹ אַבְשָׁל֑וֹם
וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח אִתּוֹ֙ אֶת־אַמְנ֔וֹן וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־בְּנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
27 But Absalom had breached him.
And he sent with him Amnon, and all the sons of the king.
3e 4C 7
16
וַיְצַו֩ אַבְשָׁל֨וֹם אֶת־נְעָרָ֜יו לֵאמֹ֗ר רְא֣וּ נָ֠א כְּט֨וֹב לֵב־אַמְנ֤וֹן בַּיַּ֙יִן֙ וְאָמַרְתִּ֣י אֲלֵיכֶ֔ם הַכּ֧וּ אֶת־אַמְנ֛וֹן וַהֲמִתֶּ֥ם אֹת֖וֹ אַל־תִּירָ֑אוּ
הֲל֗וֹא כִּ֤י אָֽנֹכִי֙ צִוִּ֣יתִי אֶתְכֶ֔ם חִזְק֖וּ וִהְי֥וּ לִבְנֵי־חָֽיִל
28 And Absalom commanded his lads, saying, See, if you will, when the heart of Amnon is merry with wine, and I say to you, Strike Amnon. Then put him to death. Do not fear.
Is it not I commanding you? Be courageous, and be children of force.
3c 4C 43
18
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֞וּ נַעֲרֵ֤י אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ לְאַמְנ֔וֹן כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוָּ֖ה אַבְשָׁל֑וֹם
וַיָּקֻ֣מוּ ׀ כָּל־בְּנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וַֽיִּרְכְּב֛וּ אִ֥ישׁ עַל־פִּרְדּ֖וֹ וַיָּנֻֽסוּ
29 And the lads of Absalom did to Amnon as Absalom had commanded.
And all the sons of the king arose, and they rode off each on his mule, and they withdrew.
3d 4C 21
22
וַֽיְהִי֙ הֵ֣מָּה בַדֶּ֔רֶךְ וְהַשְּׁמֻעָ֣ה בָ֔אָה אֶל־דָּוִ֖ד לֵאמֹ֑ר
הִכָּ֤ה אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ אֶת־כָּל־בְּנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְלֹֽא־נוֹתַ֥ר מֵהֶ֖ם אֶחָֽד
30 And it happened they were on the way, and the report came to David, saying,
Absalom has struck all the sons of the king, and there was not one left of them.
3e 4C 18
19
וַיָּ֧קָם הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ וַיִּקְרַ֥ע אֶת־בְּגָדָ֖יו וַיִּשְׁכַּ֣ב אָ֑רְצָה
וְכָל־עֲבָדָ֥יו נִצָּבִ֖ים קְרֻעֵ֥י בְגָדִֽים
31 And the king arose and he ripped his garments and lay down earthward.
And all his servants stood firm, their garments ripped.
3c 4B 18
14
וַיַּ֡עַן יוֹנָדָ֣ב ׀ בֶּן־שִׁמְעָ֨ה אֲחִֽי־דָוִ֜ד וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אַל־יֹאמַ֤ר אֲדֹנִי֙ אֵ֣ת כָּל־הַנְּעָרִ֤ים בְּנֵֽי־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ הֵמִ֔יתוּ כִּֽי־אַמְנ֥וֹן לְבַדּ֖וֹ מֵ֑ת
כִּֽי־עַל־פִּ֤י אַבְשָׁלוֹם֙ הָיְתָ֣ה שׂוּמָ֔ה מִיּוֹם֙ עַנֹּת֔וֹ אֵ֖ת תָּמָ֥ר אֲחֹתֽוֹ
32 And Yonadab child of Shema, the brother of David, answered and he said, Let not my lord say, All the lads of the king's children have died. For Amnon alone has died.
For on the mouth of Absalom, it was set from the day of his afflicting Tamar his sister.
3e 4C 40
21
וְעַתָּ֡ה אַל־יָשֵׂם֩ אֲדֹנִ֨י הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ אֶל־לִבּוֹ֙ דָּבָ֣ר לֵאמֹ֔ר כָּל־בְּנֵ֥י הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ מֵ֑תוּ
כִּֽי־אִם־אַמְנ֥וֹן לְבַדּ֖וֹ מֵֽת
33 So now, let not my lord the king set to his heart the matter, saying, All the sons of the king have died.
In contrast, Amnon alone has died.
3e 4C 27
8
וַיִּבְרַ֖ח אַבְשָׁל֑וֹם
וַיִּשָּׂ֞א הַנַּ֤עַר הַצֹּפֶה֙ אֶת־עֵינָ֔יו וַיַּ֗רְא וְהִנֵּ֨ה עַם־רַ֜ב הֹלְכִ֥ים מִדֶּ֛רֶךְ אַחֲרָ֖יו מִצַּ֥ד הָהָֽר
34 And Absalom ran away.
And the lad on lookout lifted up his eyes, and he saw, and behold, many people coming from a journey behind him, from the side of the hill.
3d 4C 6
31
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יֽוֹנָדָב֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ הִנֵּ֥ה בְנֵֽי־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ בָּ֑אוּ
כִּדְבַ֥ר עַבְדְּךָ֖ כֵּ֥ן הָיָֽה
35 And Yonadab said to the king, Behold the king's children come.
As your servant spoke, so it is.
3e 4C 18
8
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ כְּכַלֹּת֣וֹ לְדַבֵּ֗ר וְהִנֵּ֤ה בְנֵֽי־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ בָּ֔אוּ וַיִּשְׂא֥וּ קוֹלָ֖ם וַיִּבְכּ֑וּ
וְגַם־הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ וְכָל־עֲבָדָ֔יו בָּכ֕וּ בְּכִ֖י גָּד֥וֹל מְאֹֽד
36 And it happened as he finished speaking. And, behold, the king's children came. And they lifted up their voice and wept.
And also the king and all his servants wept, a very great weeping.
3e 4C 26
18
וְאַבְשָׁל֣וֹם בָּרַ֔ח וַיֵּ֛לֶךְ אֶל־תַּלְמַ֥י בֶּן־עַמִּיה֖וּד מֶ֣לֶךְ גְּשׁ֑וּר
וַיִּתְאַבֵּ֥ל עַל־בְּנ֖וֹ כָּל־הַיָּמִֽים
37 And Absalom ran away and went to Talmai, child of Ammihud, king of Geshur.
And he lamented over his son every day.
3d 4B 20
11
וְאַבְשָׁל֥וֹם בָּרַ֖ח וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ גְּשׁ֑וּר
וַיְהִי־שָׁ֖ם שָׁלֹ֥שׁ שָׁנִֽים
38 And Absalom ran away and went to Geshur.
And he was there three years.
3e 4B 11
7
וַתְּכַל֙ דָּוִ֣ד הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ לָצֵ֖את אֶל־אַבְשָׁל֑וֹם
כִּֽי־נִחַ֥ם עַל־אַמְנ֖וֹן כִּֽי־מֵֽת
39 And consumed was David the king to go forth to Absalom,
for he was comforted over Amnon, for he was dead.
3e 4B 13
7


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