Monday, June 25, 2018

Judges 7

There are a pair of stems that seem to be reversed in tone in this chapter.

צעק outcry (19) cry out (19) cried out (17) mobilize (2) 'ts crying out (1) called forth (1) cries out (1) crying out (1) tza cry out (1) untranslated (1)
רוע jubilation (21) raise shout (15) blast triumph (9) shout triumph (8) raised shout (5) jubilant (4) shouted triumph (3) give blast triumph (1) raising shout (1) shouted down (1) triumph (1)

The outcry assumed a new meaning, mobilize. And the jubilation is perhaps ambivalent. But I don't know which army is being addressed in verse 21. Also I added a sense to נפל fall, to fall helter-skelter.

Possibly withdraw (נוס) could have the sense of fleeing (נדד), but I have repeatedly resisted this overlap with another stem. You can see how they might overlap in both their senses.

נדד flee (12) fled (10)  sequester (5) ride away (2) vagrant (1)
נוס withdraw (50) withdrew (46) haven (14) withdrawn (11) withdrawal (2) such withdraw (1) untranslated (1)

space is an odd gloss for תחת, but it is used for this in the description of the Sabbath in Exodus 16. An interesting association for this chapter, hardly a Sabbath.
Judges 7 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם יְרֻבַּ֜עַל ה֣וּא גִדְע֗וֹן וְכָל־הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתּ֔וֹ וַֽיַּחֲנ֖וּ עַל־עֵ֣ין חֲרֹ֑ד
וּמַחֲנֵ֤ה מִדְיָן֙ הָיָה־ל֣וֹ מִצָּפ֔וֹן מִגִּבְעַ֥ת הַמּוֹרֶ֖ה בָּעֵֽמֶק
1 And Jerubbaal (he is Gideon) rose up early and all the people that were with him, and they encamped by the spring of Apprehension.
And the army of Midian was north of him from the hillock of Moreh in the valley.
3e 4C 26
21
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־גִּדְע֔וֹן רַ֗ב הָעָם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתָּ֔ךְ מִתִּתִּ֥י אֶת־מִדְיָ֖ן בְּיָדָ֑ם
פֶּן־יִתְפָּאֵ֨ר עָלַ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יָדִ֖י הוֹשִׁ֥יעָה לִּֽי
2 And Yahweh said to Gideon the people that are with you are too many for me to give Midian into their hands,
lest Israel adorn themselves over me, saying, My hand has saved me.
3e 4C 24
17
וְעַתָּ֗ה קְרָ֨א נָ֜א בְּאָזְנֵ֤י הָעָם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מִֽי־יָרֵ֣א וְחָרֵ֔ד יָשֹׁ֥ב וְיִצְפֹּ֖ר מֵהַ֣ר הַגִּלְעָ֑ד
וַיָּ֣שָׁב מִן־הָעָ֗ם עֶשְׂרִ֤ים וּשְׁנַ֙יִם֙ אֶ֔לֶף וַעֲשֶׂ֥רֶת אֲלָפִ֖ים נִשְׁאָֽרוּ
3 So now call, please, in the ears of the people, saying, Who is fearful or apprehensive, let him return, and let them quit from the hill of the Gilead,
and from the people twenty two thousand returned, ten thousand were still there.
3e 4C 28
22
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־גִּדְע֗וֹן עוֹד֮ הָעָ֣ם רָב֒ הוֹרֵ֤ד אוֹתָם֙ אֶל־הַמַּ֔יִם וְאֶצְרְפֶ֥נּוּ לְךָ֖ שָׁ֑ם
וְהָיָ֡ה אֲשֶׁר֩ אֹמַ֨ר אֵלֶ֜יךָ זֶ֣ה ׀ יֵלֵ֣ךְ אִתָּ֗ךְ ה֚וּא יֵלֵ֣ךְ אִתָּ֔ךְ וְכֹ֨ל אֲשֶׁר־אֹמַ֜ר אֵלֶ֗יךָ זֶ֚ה לֹא־יֵלֵ֣ךְ עִמָּ֔ךְ ה֖וּא לֹ֥א יֵלֵֽךְ
4 And Yahweh said to Gideon, Still the people are too many. Bring them down to the waters, and I will refine him for you there.
And it will be that I will indicate to you, This will go with you. Such will go with you. And everyone that I will indicate to you, This will not go with you, such will not go.
3e 4C 27
38
וַיּ֥וֹרֶד אֶת־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־הַמָּ֑יִם
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־גִּדְע֗וֹן כֹּ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־יָלֹק֩ בִּלְשׁוֹנ֨וֹ מִן־הַמַּ֜יִם כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר יָלֹ֣ק הַכֶּ֗לֶב תַּצִּ֤יג אוֹתוֹ֙ לְבָ֔ד וְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִכְרַ֥ע עַל־בִּרְכָּ֖יו לִשְׁתּֽוֹת
5 And he brought the people down to the waters.
And Yahweh said to Gideon, Everyone who laps with his tongue from the water, as the dog laps, you will exhibit him alone. And everyone who bows down on his knees to imbibe.
3c 4C 10
44
וַיְהִ֗י מִסְפַּ֞ר הַֽמֲלַקְקִ֤ים בְּיָדָם֙ אֶל־פִּיהֶ֔ם שְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת אִ֑ישׁ
וְכֹל֙ יֶ֣תֶר הָעָ֔ם כָּרְע֥וּ עַל־בִּרְכֵיהֶ֖ם לִשְׁתּ֥וֹת מָֽיִם
6 And this is the count of the lappers with their hands at their mouth, three hundred such.
And all the remaining of the people bowed down on their knees to imbibe water.
3e 4C 19
16
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־גִּדְע֗וֹן בִּשְׁלֹשׁ֩ מֵא֨וֹת הָאִ֤ישׁ הַֽמֲלַקְקִים֙ אוֹשִׁ֣יעַ אֶתְכֶ֔ם וְנָתַתִּ֥י אֶת־מִדְיָ֖ן בְּיָדֶ֑ךָ
וְכָל־הָעָ֔ם יֵלְכ֖וּ אִ֥ישׁ לִמְקֹמֽוֹ
7 And Yahweh said to Gideon, With the three hundred men, the lappers, I will save you, and I will give Midian into your hand,
and all the people will go each to his place.
3e 4C 34
10
וַיִּקְח֣וּ אֶת־צֵדָה֩ הָעָ֨ם בְּיָדָ֜ם וְאֵ֣ת שׁוֹפְרֹֽתֵיהֶ֗ם וְאֵ֨ת כָּל־אִ֤ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ שִׁלַּח֙ אִ֣ישׁ לְאֹֽהָלָ֔יו וּבִשְׁלֹשׁ־מֵא֥וֹת הָאִ֖ישׁ הֶֽחֱזִ֑יק
וּמַחֲנֵ֣ה מִדְיָ֔ן הָ֥יָה ל֖וֹ מִתַּ֥חַת בָּעֵֽמֶק
8 And the people took victuals in their hands and the shophars, and everyone of Israel he sent each to his tent, and the three hundred men he encouraged.
And the army of Midian was for him, beneath in the valley.
3e 4C 41
15
וַֽיְהִי֙ בַּלַּ֣יְלָה הַה֔וּא וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֵלָיו֙ יְהוָ֔ה ק֖וּם רֵ֣ד בַּֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
כִּ֥י נְתַתִּ֖יו בְּיָדֶֽךָ
9 And it was in that night that Yahweh said to him, Arise, go down into the camp,
for I have given it into your hand.
3e 4C 20
8
וְאִם־יָרֵ֥א אַתָּ֖ה לָרֶ֑דֶת
רֵ֥ד אַתָּ֛ה וּפֻרָ֥ה נַעַרְךָ֖ אֶל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶֽה
10 And if you are fearful to descend,
go down, you and Purah, your lad, to the camp.
3d 4A 9
14
וְשָֽׁמַעְתָּ֙ מַה־יְדַבֵּ֔רוּ וְאַחַר֙ תֶּחֱזַ֣קְנָה יָדֶ֔יךָ וְיָרַדְתָּ֖ בַּֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
וַיֵּ֤רֶד הוּא֙ וּפֻרָ֣ה נַעֲר֔וֹ אֶל־קְצֵ֥ה הַחֲמֻשִׁ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר בַּֽמַּחֲנֶֽה
11 And you will hear what they are speaking, and after, let your hands be encouraged, and descend to into the camp.
And he descended and Purah his lad, to the limit of the groups of five that were in the camp.
3e 4C 27
23
וּמִדְיָ֨ן וַעֲמָלֵ֤ק וְכָל־בְּנֵי־קֶ֙דֶם֙ נֹפְלִ֣ים בָּעֵ֔מֶק כָּאַרְבֶּ֖ה לָרֹ֑ב
וְלִגְמַלֵּיהֶם֙ אֵ֣ין מִסְפָּ֔ר כַּח֛וֹל שֶׁעַל־שְׂפַ֥ת הַיָּ֖ם לָרֹֽב
12 And Midian and Amalek and all the children of the east were helter-skelter in the valley like the locust for abundance.
And of their camels, there was no count, as the sand that is by the bank of the sea for abundance.
3d 4C 22
18
וַיָּבֹ֣א גִדְע֔וֹן וְהִ֨נֵּה־אִ֔ישׁ מְסַפֵּ֥ר לְרֵעֵ֖הוּ חֲל֑וֹם
וַיֹּ֜אמֶר הִנֵּ֧ה חֲל֣וֹם חָלַ֗מְתִּי וְהִנֵּ֨ה צְלִ֜יל לֶ֤חֶם שְׂעֹרִים֙ מִתְהַפֵּךְ֙ בְּמַחֲנֵ֣ה מִדְיָ֔ן וַיָּבֹ֣א עַד־הָ֠אֹהֶל וַיַּכֵּ֧הוּ וַיִּפֹּ֛ל וַיַּהַפְכֵ֥הוּ לְמַ֖עְלָה וְנָפַ֥ל הָאֹֽהֶל
13 And Gideon came, and behold, a man recounting to his friend a dream.
And he said, Behold a dream I have dreamed, and behold, quivering barley bread was overturning in the camp of Midian, and came to a tent and struck it, and it fell helter-skelter, and overturned upward, and fallen was the tent.
3c 4C 18
57
וַיַּ֨עַן רֵעֵ֤הוּ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֵ֣ין זֹ֔את בִּלְתִּ֗י אִם־חֶ֛רֶב גִּדְע֥וֹן בֶּן־יוֹאָ֖שׁ אִ֣ישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
נָתַ֤ן הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙ בְּיָד֔וֹ אֶת־מִדְיָ֖ן וְאֶת־כָּל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶֽה
14 And his friend answered and he said, Oh no, this is nothing but the sword of Gideon, child of Joash, the man of Israel.
God has given into his hand Midian and all the camp.
3d 4C 25
19
וַיְהִי֩ כִשְׁמֹ֨עַ גִּדְע֜וֹן אֶת־מִסְפַּ֧ר הַחֲל֛וֹם וְאֶת־שִׁבְר֖וֹ וַיִּשְׁתָּ֑חוּ
וַיָּ֙שָׁב֙ אֶל־מַחֲנֵ֣ה יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ק֔וּמוּ כִּֽי־נָתַ֧ן יְהוָ֛ה בְּיֶדְכֶ֖ם אֶת־מַחֲנֵ֥ה מִדְיָֽן
15 And it happened when Gideon heard the recount of the dream, and its shattering, that he worshiped.
And he returned to the army of Israel, and he said, Arise for Yahweh has given into your hand the army of Midian.
3c 4B 21
28
וַיַּ֛חַץ אֶת־שְׁלֹשׁ־מֵא֥וֹת הָאִ֖ישׁ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה רָאשִׁ֑ים
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן שׁוֹפָר֤וֹת בְּיַד־כֻּלָּם֙ וְכַדִּ֣ים רֵקִ֔ים וְלַפִּדִ֖ים בְּת֥וֹךְ הַכַּדִּֽים
16 And he distributed the three hundred men into three gangs.
And he gave shophars into the hand of all of them, and empty pitchers, and torches within the pitchers.
3d 4C 15
24
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֔ם מִמֶּ֥נִּי תִרְא֖וּ וְכֵ֣ן תַּעֲשׂ֑וּ
וְהִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֥י בָא֙ בִּקְצֵ֣ה הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֔ה וְהָיָ֥ה כַאֲשֶׁר־אֶעֱשֶׂ֖ה כֵּ֥ן תַּעֲשֽׂוּן
17 And he said to them, With me you will see, and so you will do.
And behold I will come to the outskirts of the camp, and it will happen that what I do, so you will do.
3e 4B 16
26
וְתָקַעְתִּי֙ בַּשּׁוֹפָ֔ר אָנֹכִ֖י וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתִּ֑י
וּתְקַעְתֶּ֨ם בַּשּׁוֹפָר֜וֹת גַּם־אַתֶּ֗ם סְבִיבוֹת֙ כָּל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֔ה וַאֲמַרְתֶּ֖ם לַיהוָ֥ה וּלְגִדְעֽוֹן
18 When I sound the shophar, I and all that are with me,
then you sound on the shophars, even you surrounding all the army, and you will say, For Yahweh and for Gideon.
3e 4B 16
27
וַיָּבֹ֣א גִ֠דְעוֹן וּמֵאָה־אִ֨ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־אִתּ֜וֹ בִּקְצֵ֣ה הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֗ה רֹ֚אשׁ הָאַשְׁמֹ֣רֶת הַתִּֽיכוֹנָ֔ה אַ֛ךְ הָקֵ֥ם הֵקִ֖ימוּ אֶת־הַשֹּֽׁמְרִ֑ים
וַֽיִּתְקְעוּ֙ בַּשּׁ֣וֹפָר֔וֹת וְנָפ֥וֹץ הַכַּדִּ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר בְּיָדָֽם
19 And Gideon came, and one hundred men that were with him, to the outskirts of the camp at the beginning of the central watch, (surely the guards were placed).
And they sounded the shophars, and they smashed the pitchers which were in their hands.
3d 4C 38
19
וַֽ֠יִּתְקְעוּ שְׁלֹ֨שֶׁת הָרָאשִׁ֥ים בַּשּֽׁוֹפָרוֹת֮ וַיִּשְׁבְּר֣וּ הַכַּדִּים֒ וַיַּחֲזִ֤יקוּ בְיַד־שְׂמאוֹלָם֙ בַּלַּפִּדִ֔ים וּבְיַ֨ד־יְמִינָ֔ם הַשּׁוֹפָר֖וֹת לִתְק֑וֹעַ
וַֽיִּקְרְא֔וּ חֶ֥רֶב לַֽיהוָ֖ה וּלְגִדְעֽוֹן
20 And the three gangs sounded on the shophars, and they shattered the pitchers, and they were resolute in their left hand with the torches, and in their right hand, the shophars sounding,
and they proclaimed, The sword, for Yahweh and for Gideon.
3e 4C 47
11
וַיַּֽעַמְדוּ֙ אִ֣ישׁ תַּחְתָּ֔יו סָבִ֖יב לַֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
וַיָּ֧רָץ כָּל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֛ה וַיָּרִ֖יעוּ וַיָּנֽוּסוּ
21 And they stood each in his space round about the camp,
and all the army raced, and raised a shout, and withdrew.
3c 4B 13
16
וַֽיִּתְקְעוּ֮ שְׁלֹשׁ־מֵא֣וֹת הַשּׁוֹפָרוֹת֒ וַיָּ֣שֶׂם יְהוָ֗ה אֵ֣ת חֶ֥רֶב אִ֛ישׁ בְּרֵעֵ֖הוּ וּבְכָל־הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֑ה
וַיָּ֨נָס הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֜ה עַד־בֵּ֤ית הַשִּׁטָּה֙ צְֽרֵרָ֔תָה עַ֛ד שְׂפַת־אָבֵ֥ל מְחוֹלָ֖ה עַל־טַבָּֽת
22 And the three hundred shophars sounded, and Yahweh set the sword of each against his friend, and in all the camp.
And the army withdrew to Bethshittah toward Tsererat to the bank of Abel-Mecholah by Tabbath.
3d 4C 31
27
וַיִּצָּעֵ֧ק אִֽישׁ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל מִנַּפְתָּלִ֥י וּמִן־אָשֵׁ֖ר וּמִן־כָּל־מְנַשֶּׁ֑ה
וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ אַחֲרֵ֥י מִדְיָֽן
23 The men of Israel mobilized from Naphtali, and from Asher, and from all Manasseh.
And they pursued after Midian.
3c 4A 22
9
וּמַלְאָכִ֡ים שָׁלַ֣ח גִּדְעוֹן֩ בְּכָל־הַ֨ר אֶפְרַ֜יִם לֵאמֹ֗ר רְד֞וּ לִקְרַ֤את מִדְיָן֙ וְלִכְד֤וּ לָהֶם֙ אֶת־הַמַּ֔יִם עַ֛ד בֵּ֥ית בָּרָ֖ה וְאֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּ֑ן
וַיִּצָּעֵ֞ק כָּל־אִ֤ישׁ אֶפְרַ֙יִם֙ וַיִּלְכְּד֣וּ אֶת־הַמַּ֔יִם עַ֛ד בֵּ֥ית בָּרָ֖ה וְאֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּֽן
24 And Gideon sent messengers in all mount Ephraim, saying, Come down to encounter Midian, and catch them at the waters to Bethbarah and the Jordan,
and every man of Ephraim mobilized, and they caught at the waters to Bethbarah and the Jordan.
3d 4C 38
24
וַֽיִּלְכְּד֡וּ שְׁנֵֽי־שָׂרֵ֨י מִדְיָ֜ן אֶת־עֹרֵ֣ב וְאֶת־זְאֵ֗ב וַיַּהַרְג֨וּ אֶת־עוֹרֵ֤ב בְּצוּר־עוֹרֵב֙ וְאֶת־זְאֵב֙ הָרְג֣וּ בְיֶֽקֶב־זְאֵ֔ב וַֽיִּרְדְּפ֖וּ אֶל־מִדְיָ֑ן
וְרֹאשׁ־עֹרֵ֣ב וּזְאֵ֔ב הֵבִ֙יאוּ֙ אֶל־גִּדְע֔וֹן מֵעֵ֖בֶר לַיַּרְדֵּֽן
25 And they caught the two chiefs of Midian, Raven and Wolf, and they slew Raven at Raven rock, and Wolf they slew at the wine-vat of Wolf, and they pursued to Midian.
And the head of Raven and Wolf they brought to Gideon from beyond Jordan.
3e 4C 45
18