Saturday, June 2, 2018

2 Samuel 21

There are a few tongue-twisters here. I also wrestled a little with the giants. I don't remember why I did not use the gloss giant. For רפאים I have used shades or titans. Shades for the metaphorical usage in parallel with the dead. There is a note here on Deuteronomy 3. I can see why folks like Deane had enough material for doctorates on giants.

re Goliath, compare the parallel, 1 Chronicles 20:5.

2 Samuel 21 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י רָעָב֩ בִּימֵ֨י דָוִ֜ד שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֗ים שָׁנָה֙ אַחֲרֵ֣י שָׁנָ֔ה וַיְבַקֵּ֥שׁ דָּוִ֖ד אֶת־פְּנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה אֶל־שָׁאוּל֙ וְאֶל־בֵּ֣ית הַדָּמִ֔ים עַל־אֲשֶׁר־הֵמִ֖ית אֶת־הַגִּבְעֹנִֽים
1 And there was a famine in the days of David, three years, year after year, and David sought out the face of Yahweh.
And Yahweh said, To Saul and to the house of blood, in that he had put to death the Gibeonites.
3e 4B 29
24
וַיִּקְרָ֥א הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ לַגִּבְעֹנִ֖ים וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֑ם
וְהַגִּבְעֹנִ֞ים לֹ֣א מִבְּנֵ֧י יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל הֵ֗מָּה כִּ֚י אִם־מִיֶּ֣תֶר הָאֱמֹרִ֔י וּבְנֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ נִשְׁבְּע֣וּ לָהֶ֔ם וַיְבַקֵּ֤שׁ שָׁאוּל֙ לְהַכֹּתָ֔ם בְּקַנֹּאת֥וֹ לִבְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וִיהוּדָֽה
2 So the king called the Gibeonites, and he said to them,
(and the Gibeonites, they were not from the children of Israel but rather from the remains of the Amorite, and the children of Israel had sworn to them, and Saul sought out to strike them in his zeal for the children of Israel and Judah),
3c 4C 16
53
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר דָּוִד֙ אֶל־הַגִּבְעֹנִ֔ים מָ֥ה אֶעֱשֶׂ֖ה לָכֶ֑ם
וּבַמָּ֣ה אֲכַפֵּ֔ר וּבָרְכ֖וּ אֶת־נַחֲלַ֥ת יְהוָֽה
3 And David said to the Gibeonites, What will I do for you?
And with what will I make a cover-price, that you may bless the inheritance of Yahweh?
3e 4C 16
15
וַיֹּ֧אמְרוּ ל֣וֹ הַגִּבְעֹנִ֗ים אֵֽין־לָ֜נוּ כֶּ֤סֶף וְזָהָב֙ עִם־שָׁא֣וּל וְעִם־בֵּית֔וֹ וְאֵֽין־לָ֥נוּ אִ֖ישׁ לְהָמִ֣ית בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיֹּ֛אמֶר מָֽה־אַתֶּ֥ם אֹמְרִ֖ים אֶעֱשֶׂ֥ה לָכֶֽם
4 And the Gibeonites said to him, Not for us silver and gold, whether from Saul or from his house, and not for us to execute anyone in Israel.
And he said, What do you say I should do for you?
3c 4C 35
13
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ הָאִישׁ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔נוּ וַאֲשֶׁ֖ר דִּמָּה־לָ֑נוּ
נִשְׁמַ֕דְנוּ מֵֽהִתְיַצֵּ֖ב בְּכָל־גְּבֻ֥ל יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
5 And they said to the king, The person who consumed us, and who muted us,
exterminating us from being stationed in any of the borders of Israel,
3e 4B 21
14
יֻתַּן־לָ֜נוּ שִׁבְעָ֤ה אֲנָשִׁים֙ מִבָּנָ֔יו וְהוֹקַֽעֲנוּם֙ לַֽיהוָ֔ה בְּגִבְעַ֥ת שָׁא֖וּל בְּחִ֣יר יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֲנִ֥י אֶתֵּֽן
6 Let seven men be given to us from among his children, and we will display them to Yahweh in Gibeah of Saul, the chosen of Yahweh.
And the king said, I myself will give.
3e 4C 28
10
וַיַּחְמֹ֣ל הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ עַל־מְפִי־בֹ֖שֶׁת בֶּן־יְהוֹנָתָ֣ן בֶּן־שָׁא֑וּל
עַל־שְׁבֻעַ֤ת יְהוָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בֵּֽינֹתָ֔ם בֵּ֣ין דָּוִ֔ד וּבֵ֖ין יְהוֹנָתָ֥ן בֶּן־שָׁאֽוּל
7 But the king pitied Mephiboshet, child of Jonathan, child of Saul,
concerning an oath of Yahweh that was between them, between David and Jonathan, child of Saul.
3e 4C 18
23
וַיִּקַּ֣ח הַמֶּ֡לֶךְ אֶת־שְׁ֠נֵי בְּנֵ֨י רִצְפָּ֤ה בַת־אַיָּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יָלְדָ֣ה לְשָׁא֔וּל אֶת־אַרְמֹנִ֖י וְאֶת־מְפִבֹ֑שֶׁת
וְאֶת־חֲמֵ֗שֶׁת בְּנֵי֙ מִיכַ֣ל בַּת־שָׁא֔וּל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָלְדָ֛ה לְעַדְרִיאֵ֥ל בֶּן־בַּרְזִלַּ֖י הַמְּחֹלָתִֽי
8 And the king took two of the sons of Ritspah, the daughter of Ayah, which she gave birth to for Saul, Armoni and Mephiboshet,
and the five sons of Michal, the daughter of Saul, which she gave birth to for Adriel, child of Barzillai the Meholathite.
3d 4C 33
28
וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֞ם בְּיַ֣ד הַגִּבְעֹנִ֗ים וַיֹּקִיעֻ֤ם בָּהָר֙ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וַיִּפְּל֥וּ שְׁבַעְתָּ֖ם יָ֑חַד
וְהֵ֨מָּה הֻמְת֜וּ בִּימֵ֤י קָצִיר֙ בָּרִ֣אשֹׁנִ֔ים בִּתְחִלַּ֖ת קְצִ֥יר שְׂעֹרִֽים
9 And he gave them into the hand of the Gibeonites, and they displayed them on the hill in the presence of Yahweh. And they fell, the seven, as one.
And they were put to death in the days of the harvest, at the beginning, at the commencement of the barley harvest.
3e 4C 27
21
וַתִּקַּ֣ח רִצְפָּה֩ בַת־אַיָּ֨ה אֶת־הַשַּׂ֜ק וַתַּטֵּ֨הוּ לָ֤הּ אֶל־הַצּוּר֙ מִתְּחִלַּ֣ת קָצִ֔יר עַ֛ד נִתַּךְ־מַ֥יִם עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם מִן־הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם
וְלֹֽא־נָתְנָה֩ ע֨וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֜יִם לָנ֤וּחַ עֲלֵיהֶם֙ יוֹמָ֔ם וְאֶת־חַיַּ֥ת הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה לָֽיְלָה
10 And Ritspah the daughter of Ayah took sackcloth and stretched it out for herself on the rock, from the start of the harvest till water was poured forth on them from the heavens,
and no fowl of the heavens was permitted to rest on them by day, nor the animals of the field by night.
3d 4C 36
25
וַיֻּגַּ֖ד לְדָוִ֑ד
אֵ֧ת אֲשֶׁר־עָשְׂתָ֛ה רִצְפָּ֥ה בַת־אַיָּ֖ה פִּלֶ֥גֶשׁ שָׁאֽוּל
11 And it was told David,
what Ritspah, the daughter of Ayah, the courtesan of Saul had done.
3c 4A 6
15
וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ דָּוִ֗ד וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת־עַצְמ֤וֹת שָׁאוּל֙ וְאֶת־עַצְמוֹת֙ יְהוֹנָתָ֣ן בְּנ֔וֹ מֵאֵ֕ת בַּעֲלֵ֖י יָבֵ֣ישׁ גִּלְעָ֑ד
אֲשֶׁר֩ גָּנְב֨וּ אֹתָ֜ם מֵרְחֹ֣ב בֵּֽית־שַׁ֗ן אֲשֶׁ֨ר תְּלָא֥וּם שָׁ֙מָּה֙ פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים בְּי֨וֹם הַכּ֧וֹת פְּלִשְׁתִּ֛ים אֶת־שָׁא֖וּל בַּגִּלְבֹּֽעַ
12 And David went and he took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son, from the superiors of Jabesh Gilead,
who had stolen them from the plaza of the house of Shean where the Philistines had hanged them, on the day the Philistines struck Saul in Gilboa.
3c 4C 32
34
וַיַּ֤עַל מִשָּׁם֙ אֶת־עַצְמ֣וֹת שָׁא֔וּל וְאֶת־עַצְמ֖וֹת יְהוֹנָתָ֣ן בְּנ֑וֹ
וַיַּ֣אַסְפ֔וּ אֶת־עַצְמ֖וֹת הַמּוּקָעִֽים
13 And he brought up from there the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son,
and gathered the bones of those who were displayed.
3e 4C 20
11
וַיִּקְבְּר֣וּ אֶת־עַצְמוֹת־שָׁא֣וּל וִיהוֹנָֽתָן־בְּ֠נוֹ בְּאֶ֨רֶץ בִּנְיָמִ֜ן בְּצֵלָ֗ע בְּקֶ֙בֶר֙ קִ֣ישׁ אָבִ֔יו וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֔וּ כֹּ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֖ה הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיֵּעָתֵ֧ר אֱלֹהִ֛ים לָאָ֖רֶץ אַֽחֲרֵי־כֵֽן
14 And they entombed the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son in the land of Benjamin, in Halt, in the tomb of Kish his father, and they did all that the king commanded,
and God was petitioned for the land, after such things.
3c 4B 42
14
וַתְּהִי־ע֧וֹד מִלְחָמָ֛ה לַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיֵּ֨רֶד דָּוִ֜ד וַעֲבָדָ֥יו עִמּ֛וֹ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֥וּ אֶת־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים וַיָּ֥עַף דָּוִֽד
15 And there was more war for the Philistines with Israel,
and David went down and his servants with him, and they fought the Philistines, and David was tired.
3c 4A 13
25
וְיִשְׁבִּ֨י בְּנֹ֜ב אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ בִּילִידֵ֣י הָרָפָ֗ה וּמִשְׁקַ֤ל קֵינוֹ֙ שְׁלֹ֤שׁ מֵאוֹת֙ מִשְׁקַ֣ל נְחֹ֔שֶׁת וְה֖וּא חָג֣וּר חֲדָשָׁ֑ה
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר לְהַכּ֥וֹת אֶת־דָּוִֽד
16 And the one sitting at Nob, who was in the successions of the titan, and the weight of his pike, three hundred shekels of brass, and he was newly attired,
and he said he would strike David.
3e 4C 34
9
וַיַּֽעֲזָר־לוֹ֙ אֲבִישַׁ֣י בֶּן־צְרוּיָ֔ה וַיַּ֥ךְ אֶת־הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֖י וַיְמִיתֵ֑הוּ
אָ֣ז נִשְׁבְּעוּ֩ אַנְשֵׁי־דָוִ֨ד ל֜וֹ לֵאמֹ֗ר לֹא־תֵצֵ֨א ע֤וֹד אִתָּ֙נוּ֙ לַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה וְלֹ֥א תְכַבֶּ֖ה אֶת־נֵ֥ר יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 But Abishai, child of Tseruyah, was help to him, and he struck the Philistine and rendered him lifeless.
Then the men of David swore to him, saying, You will not go out any more with us to battle, that the lamp of Israel not be quenched.
3e 4C 22
30
וַֽיְהִי֙ אַֽחֲרֵי־כֵ֔ן וַתְּהִי־ע֧וֹד הַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה בְּג֖וֹב עִם־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
אָ֣ז הִכָּ֗ה סִבְּכַי֙ הַחֻ֣שָׁתִ֔י אֶת־סַ֕ף אֲשֶׁ֖ר בִּילִדֵ֥י הָרָפָֽה
18 And it was after such that there was the further battle in Gob with the Philistines.
Then Thicket the Xushty struck Threshold, who was in the successions of the titan.
3c 4B 19
19
וַתְּהִי־ע֧וֹד הַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה בְּג֖וֹב עִם־פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים
וַיַּ֡ךְ אֶלְחָנָן֩ בֶּן־יַעְרֵ֨י אֹרְגִ֜ים בֵּ֣ית הַלַּחְמִ֗י אֵ֚ת גָּלְיָ֣ת הַגִּתִּ֔י וְעֵ֣ץ חֲנִית֔וֹ כִּמְנ֖וֹר אֹרְגִֽים
19 And there was yet again the battle in Gob with the Philistines,
and Elxanan, child of the forests of the weaver of Bethlehem, struck Goliath the Gittite, and the timber of his spear was like a weaver's beam.
3c 4C 13
29
וַתְּהִי־ע֥וֹד מִלְחָמָ֖ה בְּגַ֑ת
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ אִ֣ישׁ מָד֗וֹן וְאֶצְבְּעֹ֣ת יָדָיו֩ וְאֶצְבְּעֹ֨ת רַגְלָ֜יו שֵׁ֣שׁ וָשֵׁ֗שׁ עֶשְׂרִ֤ים וְאַרְבַּע֙ מִסְפָּ֔ר וְגַם־ה֖וּא יֻלַּ֥ד לְהָרָפָֽה
20 Then there was more war in Gath.
And there was a man of dissension, and the fingers of his hands, and the toes of his feet, were six and six, twenty four the count. And he also was born of the titan.
3e 4C 8
36
וַיְחָרֵ֖ף אֶת־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיַּכֵּ֙הוּ֙ יְה֣וֹנָתָ֔ן בֶּן־שִׁמְעָ֖ה אֲחִ֥י דָוִֽד
21 And he reproached Israel.
And Jonathan child of Shema the brother of David struck him.
3e 4B 7
15
אֶת־אַרְבַּ֥עַת אֵ֛לֶּה יֻלְּד֥וּ לְהָרָפָ֖ה בְּגַ֑ת
וַיִּפְּל֥וּ בְיַד־דָּוִ֖ד וּבְיַ֥ד עֲבָדָֽיו
22 These four were born to the titan in Gath,
and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
3d 4A 14
12