Thursday, June 28, 2018

Genesis 43

I think verse 9 answers a question I asked the last time we looked at this story. It is a troublesome answer: then my sin is to you every day. If we live in a lie, it is before us every day - even if suppressed - until it is undone.

Genesis 43 Fn Min Max Syll
וְהָרָעָ֖ב כָּבֵ֥ד בָּאָֽרֶץ 1 And the famine was heavy in the earth. 3e 3g 9
וַיְהִ֗י כַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר כִּלּוּ֙ לֶאֱכֹ֣ל אֶת־הַשֶּׁ֔בֶר אֲשֶׁ֥ר הֵבִ֖יאוּ מִמִּצְרָ֑יִם
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם֙ אֲבִיהֶ֔ם שֻׁ֖בוּ שִׁבְרוּ־לָ֥נוּ מְעַט־אֹֽכֶל
2 And it happened that as they finished eating the crushed corn that they had brought from Egypt,
that their father said to them, Return. Get crushed corn for us, a little food.
3e 4C 23
18
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר אֵלָ֛יו יְהוּדָ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר
הָעֵ֣ד הֵעִד֩ בָּ֨נוּ הָאִ֤ישׁ לֵאמֹר֙ לֹֽא־תִרְא֣וּ פָנַ֔י בִּלְתִּ֖י אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אִתְּכֶֽם
3 And Judah said to him, saying,
Yet the man protested with us, saying, You will not see my face except your brother is with you.
3c 4C 10
22
אִם־יֶשְׁךָ֛ מְשַׁלֵּ֥חַ אֶת־אָחִ֖ינוּ אִתָּ֑נוּ
נֵרְדָ֕ה וְנִשְׁבְּרָ֥ה לְךָ֖ אֹֽכֶל
4 If you are interested to send our brother with us,
we will go down and we will get crushed corn for you to eat.
3d 4A 14
10
וְאִם־אֵינְךָ֥ מְשַׁלֵּ֖חַ לֹ֣א נֵרֵ֑ד
כִּֽי־הָאִ֞ישׁ אָמַ֤ר אֵלֵ֙ינוּ֙ לֹֽא־תִרְא֣וּ פָנַ֔י בִּלְתִּ֖י אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אִתְּכֶֽם
5 And if it is not in you to send, we will not go down,
for the man said to us, You will not see my face except your brother is with you.
3e 4C 11
19
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לָמָ֥ה הֲרֵעֹתֶ֖ם לִ֑י
לְהַגִּ֣יד לָאִ֔ישׁ הַע֥וֹד לָכֶ֖ם אָֽח
6 And Israel said, Why did you deal ill to me,
to announce to the man you still had a brother.
3e 4B 13
10
וַיֹּאמְר֡וּ שָׁא֣וֹל שָֽׁאַל־הָ֠אִישׁ לָ֣נוּ וּלְמֽוֹלַדְתֵּ֜נוּ לֵאמֹ֗ר הַע֨וֹד אֲבִיכֶ֥ם חַי֙ הֲיֵ֣שׁ לָכֶ֣ם אָ֔ח וַנַ֨גֶּד־ל֔וֹ עַל־פִּ֖י הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה
הֲיָד֣וֹעַ נֵדַ֔ע כִּ֣י יֹאמַ֔ר הוֹרִ֖ידוּ אֶת־אֲחִיכֶֽם
7 And they said, He asked. The man asked of us and of our juveniles, saying, Is your father yet living? Is there for you a brother? We told him on the mandate of these words.
Could we have known that he would say, Bring down your brother?
3e 4B 41
16
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוּדָ֜ה אֶל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אָבִ֗יו שִׁלְחָ֥ה הַנַּ֛עַר אִתִּ֖י וְנָק֣וּמָה וְנֵלֵ֑כָה
וְנִֽחְיֶה֙ וְלֹ֣א נָמ֔וּת גַּם־אֲנַ֥חְנוּ גַם־אַתָּ֖ה גַּם־טַפֵּֽנוּ
8 And Judah said to Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and let us arise, and let us go,
that we may live, and not die, both ourselves and also you, also our little ones.
3d 4B 27
18
אָֽנֹכִי֙ אֶֽעֶרְבֶ֔נּוּ מִיָּדִ֖י תְּבַקְשֶׁ֑נּוּ
אִם־לֹ֨א הֲבִיאֹתִ֤יו אֵלֶ֙יךָ֙ וְהִצַּגְתִּ֣יו לְפָנֶ֔יךָ וְחָטָ֥אתִֽי לְךָ֖ כָּל־הַיָּמִֽים
9 I will be surety for him. From my hand you may demand him.
If I do not bring him to you and exhibit him before you, then my sin is to you every day.
3e 4C 14
27
כִּ֖י לוּלֵ֣א הִתְמַהְמָ֑הְנוּ
כִּֽי־עַתָּ֥ה שַׁ֖בְנוּ זֶ֥ה פַעֲמָֽיִם
10 g For if we had not lingered,
then by now, we would have returned this second time.
3e 4B 7
9
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֲלֵהֶ֜ם יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל אֲבִיהֶ֗ם אִם־כֵּ֣ן ׀ אֵפוֹא֮ זֹ֣את עֲשׂוּ֒ קְח֞וּ מִזִּמְרַ֤ת הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ בִּכְלֵיכֶ֔ם וְהוֹרִ֥ידוּ לָאִ֖ישׁ מִנְחָ֑ה
מְעַ֤ט צֳרִי֙ וּמְעַ֣ט דְּבַ֔שׁ נְכֹ֣את וָלֹ֔ט בָּטְנִ֖ים וּשְׁקֵדִֽים
11 And Israel their father said to them, If it is so here, do this, take the pruning of the land in your vessels, and bring down to the man a gift,
a little balm and a little honey, gum and resin, pistachio nuts and almonds.
3e 4C 38
17
וְכֶ֥סֶף מִשְׁנֶ֖ה קְח֣וּ בְיֶדְכֶ֑ם
וְאֶת־הַכֶּ֜סֶף הַמּוּשָׁ֨ב בְּפִ֤י אַמְתְּחֹֽתֵיכֶם֙ תָּשִׁ֣יבוּ בְיֶדְכֶ֔ם אוּלַ֥י מִשְׁגֶּ֖ה הֽוּא
12 And take twice the silver in your hand,
and the silver returned in the mouth of your satchels, you must restore it by your hand. Perhaps it was misplaced.
3e 4C 10
26
וְאֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֖ם קָ֑חוּ
וְק֖וּמוּ שׁ֥וּבוּ אֶל־הָאִֽישׁ
13 And take your brother.
So arise, return to the man.
3e 4A 7
8
וְאֵ֣ל שַׁדַּ֗י יִתֵּ֨ן לָכֶ֤ם רַחֲמִים֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הָאִ֔ישׁ וְשִׁלַּ֥ח לָכֶ֛ם אֶת־אֲחִיכֶ֥ם אַחֵ֖ר וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֑ין
וַאֲנִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁכֹ֖לְתִּי שָׁכָֽלְתִּי
14 And God the Sufficient give to you compassion in the presence of the man, and he may send to you your other brother and Benjamin.
As for me, in that I am bereaved, I am bereaved.
3d 4C 31
12
וַיִּקְח֤וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁים֙ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את וּמִשְׁנֶה־כֶּ֛סֶף לָקְח֥וּ בְיָדָ֖ם וְאֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֑ן
וַיָּקֻ֙מוּ֙ וַיֵּרְד֣וּ מִצְרַ֔יִם וַיַּֽעַמְד֖וּ לִפְנֵ֥י יוֹסֵֽף
15 And the men took that gift, and twice the silver they took in their hands, and Benjamin.
And they arose and went down to Egypt, and they stood in the presence of Joseph.
3d 4C 28
17
וַיַּ֨רְא יוֹסֵ֣ף אִתָּם֮ אֶת־בִּנְיָמִין֒ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לַֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר עַל־בֵּית֔וֹ הָבֵ֥א אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים הַבָּ֑יְתָה
וּטְבֹ֤חַ טֶ֙בַח֙ וְהָכֵ֔ן כִּ֥י אִתִּ֛י יֹאכְל֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בַּֽצָּהֳרָֽיִם
16 And Joseph saw them with Benjamin, and he said to who was over his house, Bring everyone towards the house.
And slaughter and prepare, for with me the men will eat at noon.
3d 4C 29
22
וַיַּ֣עַשׂ הָאִ֔ישׁ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר אָמַ֣ר יוֹסֵ֑ף
וַיָּבֵ֥א הָאִ֛ישׁ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בֵּ֥יתָה יוֹסֵֽף
17 And the man did as Joseph said.
And the man brought everyone towards the house of Joseph.
3d 4B 12
14
וַיִּֽירְא֣וּ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֗ים כִּ֣י הֽוּבְאוּ֮ בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵף֒ וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ עַל־דְּבַ֤ר הַכֶּ֙סֶף֙ הַשָּׁ֤ב בְּאַמְתְּחֹתֵ֙ינוּ֙ בַּתְּחִלָּ֔ה אֲנַ֖חְנוּ מֽוּבָאִ֑ים
לְהִתְגֹּלֵ֤ל עָלֵ֙ינוּ֙ וּלְהִתְנַפֵּ֣ל עָלֵ֔ינוּ וְלָקַ֧חַת אֹתָ֛נוּ לַעֲבָדִ֖ים וְאֶת־חֲמֹרֵֽינוּ
18 And the men feared when they entered the house of Joseph, and they said, Upon the matter of the silver returned in our satchels at the start, we are brought in,
that he may roll over us, and fall upon us, and take us as servants, and our asses.
3c 4C 39
31
וַֽיִּגְּשׁוּ֙ אֶל־הָאִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־בֵּ֣ית יוֹסֵ֑ף
וַיְדַבְּר֥וּ אֵלָ֖יו פֶּ֥תַח הַבָּֽיִת
19 And they came close to the man that was over the house of Joseph,
and they spoke to him at the door of the house.
3e 4B 12
10
וַיֹּאמְר֖וּ בִּ֣י אֲדֹנִ֑י
יָרֹ֥ד יָרַ֛דְנוּ בַּתְּחִלָּ֖ה לִשְׁבָּר־אֹֽכֶל
20 And they said, O my Lord,
we came down at the start to procure food.
3d 4B 7
12
וַֽיְהִ֞י כִּי־בָ֣אנוּ אֶל־הַמָּל֗וֹן וַֽנִּפְתְּחָה֙ אֶת־אַמְתְּחֹתֵ֔ינוּ וְהִנֵּ֤ה כֶֽסֶף־אִישׁ֙ בְּפִ֣י אַמְתַּחְתּ֔וֹ כַּסְפֵּ֖נוּ בְּמִשְׁקָל֑וֹ
וַנָּ֥שֶׁב אֹת֖וֹ בְּיָדֵֽנוּ
21 And it would be that we came to the stop over, and opened our satchels, and behold, the silver of each in the mouth of his satchel, our silver in weight,
and we returned with it in our hands.
3e 4C 37
9
וְכֶ֧סֶף אַחֵ֛ר הוֹרַ֥דְנוּ בְיָדֵ֖נוּ לִשְׁבָּר־אֹ֑כֶל
לֹ֣א יָדַ֔עְנוּ מִי־שָׂ֥ם כַּסְפֵּ֖נוּ בְּאַמְתְּחֹתֵֽינוּ
22 And other silver we brought down in our hands to procure food.
We do not know who put our silver in our satchels.
3c 4B 16
15
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ שָׁל֨וֹם לָכֶ֜ם אַל־תִּירָ֗אוּ אֱלֹ֨הֵיכֶ֜ם וֵֽאלֹהֵ֤י אֲבִיכֶם֙ נָתַ֨ן לָכֶ֤ם מַטְמוֹן֙ בְּאַמְתְּחֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם כַּסְפְּכֶ֖ם בָּ֣א אֵלָ֑י
וַיּוֹצֵ֥א אֲלֵהֶ֖ם אֶת־שִׁמְעֽוֹן
23 And he said, Peace to you. Do not fear. Your God and the God of your ancestors gave to you buried treasure in your satchels. Your silver came to me.
And he brought Simeon out to them.
3e 4C 39
9
וַיָּבֵ֥א הָאִ֛ישׁ אֶת־הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים בֵּ֣יתָה יוֹסֵ֑ף
וַיִּתֶּן־מַ֙יִם֙ וַיִּרְחֲצ֣וּ רַגְלֵיהֶ֔ם וַיִּתֵּ֥ן מִסְפּ֖וֹא לַחֲמֹֽרֵיהֶֽם
24 And the man brought everyone towards the house of Joseph,
and gave water, and they washed their feet, and he gave silage to their asses.
3d 4B 14
21
וַיָּכִ֙ינוּ֙ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֔ה עַד־בּ֥וֹא יוֹסֵ֖ף בַּֽצָּהֳרָ֑יִם
כִּ֣י שָֽׁמְע֔וּ כִּי־שָׁ֖ם יֹ֥אכְלוּ לָֽחֶם
25 And they prepared the gift till the coming of Joseph at noon,
for they heard that there they were to eat bread.
3e 4B 17
9
וַיָּבֹ֤א יוֹסֵף֙ הַבַּ֔יְתָה וַיָּבִ֥יאּוּ ל֛וֹ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־בְּיָדָ֖ם הַבָּ֑יְתָה
וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ־ל֖וֹ אָֽרְצָה
26 And Joseph came to the house, and they brought to him the gift that was in their hands to the house,
and prostrated themselves to him earthward.
3d 4C 25
7
וַיִּשְׁאַ֤ל לָהֶם֙ לְשָׁל֔וֹם וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֲשָׁל֛וֹם אֲבִיכֶ֥ם הַזָּקֵ֖ן אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲמַרְתֶּ֑ם
הַעוֹדֶ֖נּוּ חָֽי
27 And he asked them of their welfare, and he said, Is your father well, the old man of whom you talked?
Is he yet living?
3d 4C 25
5
וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ שָׁל֛וֹם לְעַבְדְּךָ֥ לְאָבִ֖ינוּ עוֹדֶ֣נּוּ חָ֑י
וַֽיִּקְּד֖וּ וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוּֽוּ
28 And they said, He is well, your servant our father. He is yet living.
And they bowed their head, and they worshiped.
3d 4B 17
8
וַיִּשָּׂ֣א עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּ֞רְא אֶת־בִּנְיָמִ֣ין אָחִיו֮ בֶּן־אִמּוֹ֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הֲזֶה֙ אֲחִיכֶ֣ם הַקָּטֹ֔ן אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲמַרְתֶּ֖ם אֵלָ֑י
וַיֹּאמַ֕ר אֱלֹהִ֥ים יָחְנְךָ֖ בְּנִֽי
29 And he lifted up his eyes, and he saw Benjamin, his brother, the son of his mother, and he said, Is this your youngest brother of whom you have talked to me?
And he said, God be gracious to you, my son.
3e 4B 34
11
וַיְמַהֵ֣ר יוֹסֵ֗ף כִּֽי־נִכְמְר֤וּ רַחֲמָיו֙ אֶל־אָחִ֔יו וַיְבַקֵּ֖שׁ לִבְכּ֑וֹת
וַיָּבֹ֥א הַחַ֖דְרָה וַיֵּ֥בְךְּ שָֽׁמָּה
30 And Joseph moved swiftly, for his compassion to his brother was fevered, and he sought to weep.
And he entered the inner room and wept there.
3e 4C 20
11
וַיִּרְחַ֥ץ פָּנָ֖יו וַיֵּצֵ֑א
וַיִּ֨תְאַפַּ֔ק וַיֹּ֖אמֶר שִׂ֥ימוּ לָֽחֶם
31 And he washed his face, and went forth,
and repressed himself, and he said, Set in place bread.
3e 4A 8
11
וַיָּשִׂ֥ימוּ ל֛וֹ לְבַדּ֖וֹ וְלָהֶ֣ם לְבַדָּ֑ם
וְלַמִּצְרִ֞ים הָאֹכְלִ֤ים אִתּוֹ֙ לְבַדָּ֔ם כִּי֩ לֹ֨א יוּכְל֜וּן הַמִּצְרִ֗ים לֶאֱכֹ֤ל אֶת־הָֽעִבְרִים֙ לֶ֔חֶם כִּי־תוֹעֵבָ֥ה הִ֖וא לְמִצְרָֽיִם
32 And they set for him alone,
and for them, theirs alone, and for the Egyptians who ate with him, theirs alone, for the Egyptians would not be able to eat bread with the Hebrews, for it is an abomination to the Egyptians.
3d 4C 14
36
וַיֵּשְׁב֣וּ לְפָנָ֔יו הַבְּכֹר֙ כִּבְכֹ֣רָת֔וֹ וְהַצָּעִ֖יר כִּצְעִרָת֑וֹ
וַיִּתְמְה֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים אִ֥ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵֽהוּ
33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and those of lesser account according to their lesser account,
and the men marveled, each to his friend.
3e 4B 20
13
וַיִּשָּׂ֨א מַשְׂאֹ֜ת מֵאֵ֣ת פָּנָיו֮ אֲלֵהֶם֒ וַתֵּ֜רֶב מַשְׂאַ֧ת בִּנְיָמִ֛ן מִמַּשְׂאֹ֥ת כֻּלָּ֖ם חָמֵ֣שׁ יָד֑וֹת
וַיִּשְׁתּ֥וּ וַֽיִּשְׁכְּר֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ
34 And he bore loads from before him to them, and increased the load for Benjamin more than all their loads by five handouts,
and they imbibed, and they were intoxicated with him.
3c 4B 29
9
Verse 34 - perplexing at first with several differing glosses required for the same stem נשא, bear (150) lifted up (135) lift up (122) principal (114) load (54) bearing (35) bore (35) borne (19) lifting up (17) bearer (10) lifts up (7) take (7) swell (6) assume liability (5) partiality (5) mist (4) partial (4) take up (4) took (4) forbearance (3) liability (3) lift (3) assumed liability (2) bear up (2) being lifted up (2) forbear (2) supply (2) care package (1) cart (1) fetch (1) such take (1) wave (1)

What sort of waiting on tables was Joseph doing? When I noted ידות from יד hand might be handful, I realized I had an unexpected overlap that I didn't think I should allow. Psalm 72 has a handful of corn... but the word פסה is a hapax (perhaps indicating a minute amount or vanishingly small) and derived from another hapax פסס (vanished - used only once in Psalm 12 with exceptions for Aramaic and an acrostic), so the overlap with the two handfuls of Ezekiel was misleading where I think I should not mislead. So the Psalm changed. (Not that I would mislead anyone, but I have ignored the overlap among stems related to human movement, come, go, etc. And I have allowed overlap for 'literary' reasons.)

(Perhaps I should have my routines parse out the dual or even all numbers, to eliminate the two from masking duplicate glosses? It's more trouble than it's worth at present.)