Tuesday, 2 January 2018

2 Chronicles 35

This sounds like a humdinger of a party, this massive Passover. The language seemed different and I almost got so stuck, I was going to start another chapter. (I do this sometimes, a verse at a time here and there, testing out how difficult the chapter will be.) It seemed to me that the use of construct was less than usual, lots of the 'of' constructions being spelled out with the preposition ל rather than being implicit.

Here we meet Asaph and Jeduthun and Heyman, all mentioned in the inscriptions of Psalms. And the emphasis is certainly on the Levites as being very busy. While the text in versions says roasted, the Hebrew very clearly has boiled in the fire. That's what's there - but without a container, of course you can read roasted. The verbs are clearly different in Exodus 12 (boil בשׁל and roast צלה) but they are not distinguished here - it is בשׁל both times in verse 13.

I had missed a verse in this chapter. So the total word count went up by 10.

Entanglement is a bit of an accident, but it is quite appropriate as a gloss, for families are indeed entangled like elementary particles and like all humanity today. It is פלג the stem for stream. (Psalm 1).

2 Chronicles 35 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיַּ֨עַשׂ יֹאשִׁיָּ֧הוּ בִֽירוּשָׁלִַ֛ם פֶּ֖סַח לַיהוָ֑ה
וַיִּשְׁחֲט֣וּ הַפֶּ֔סַח בְּאַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָׂ֖ר לַחֹ֥דֶשׁ הָרִאשֽׁוֹן
1 And Josiah did in Jerusalem the Passover of Yahweh,
and they butchered the Passover on the fourteenth of the first month.
3c 4B 15
וַיַּעֲמֵ֥ד הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים עַל־מִשְׁמְרוֹתָ֑ם
וַֽיְחַזְּקֵ֔ם לַעֲבוֹדַ֖ת בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
2 And he stood the priests over their watches,
and encouraged them to the service of the house of Yahweh.
3e 4A 13
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לַ֠לְוִיִּם הַמְּבִינִ֨ים לְכָל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל הַקְּדוֹשִׁ֣ים לַיהוָ֗ה תְּנ֤וּ אֶת־אֲרוֹן־הַקֹּ֙דֶשׁ֙ בַּ֠בַּיִת אֲשֶׁ֨ר בָּנָ֜ה שְׁלֹמֹ֤ה בֶן־דָּוִיד֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֵין־לָכֶ֥ם מַשָּׂ֖א בַּכָּתֵ֑ף
עַתָּ֗ה עִבְדוּ֙ אֶת־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֔ם וְאֵ֖ת עַמּ֥וֹ יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
3 And he said to the Levites, those with understanding for all Israel, those holy to Yahweh, Give the ark of the sanctuary into the house that Solomon built, child of David, king of Israel. There is no load for you on a shoulder.
Now serve Yahweh your God and the people of Israel.
3e 4C 53
וְהָכִ֥ונוּ לְבֵית־אֲבוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם כְּמַחְלְקוֹתֵיכֶ֑ם
בִּכְתָ֗ב דָּוִיד֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וּבְמִכְתַּ֖ב שְׁלֹמֹ֥ה בְנֽוֹ
4 And prepare by the houses of your ancestors, according to your divisions,
in the writing of David king of Israel and in the writing of Solomon his son.
3e 4B 16
וְעִמְד֣וּ בַקֹּ֗דֶשׁ לִפְלֻגּוֹת֙ בֵּ֣ית הָֽאָב֔וֹת לַאֲחֵיכֶ֖ם בְּנֵ֣י הָעָ֑ם
וַחֲלֻקַּ֥ת בֵּֽית־אָ֖ב לַלְוִיִּֽם
5 And stand in holiness for the entanglements of the house of the ancestors, for your kin, the children of the people,
and the divisions of the house of the ancestor of the Levites.
3e 4B 21
וְשַׁחֲט֖וּ הַפָּ֑סַח
וְהִתְקַדְּשׁוּ֙ וְהָכִ֣ינוּ לַאֲחֵיכֶ֔ם לַעֲשׂ֥וֹת כִּדְבַר־יְהוָ֖ה בְּיַד־מֹשֶֽׁה
6 And butcher the Passover,
and sanctify yourselves, and prepare for your kin that they may do according to the word of Yahweh by the hand of Moses.
3e 4B 7
וַיָּ֣רֶם יֹאשִׁיָּ֣הוּ לִבְנֵ֪י הָעָ֟ם צֹ֞אן כְּבָשִׂ֣ים וּבְנֵֽי־עִזִּים֮ הַכֹּ֣ל לַפְּסָחִים֒ לְכָל־הַנִּמְצָ֗א לְמִסְפַּר֙ שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים אֶ֔לֶף וּבָקָ֖ר שְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֑ים
אֵ֖לֶּה מֵרְכ֥וּשׁ הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
7 And Josiah contributed to the children of the people, sheep, young lambs, and kids of she-goats, the whole for the Passover, for all that were found to the count of thirty thousand, and oxen three thousand.
These were from the property of the king.
3d 4B 45
וְשָׂרָ֞יו לִנְדָבָ֥ה לָעָ֛ם לַכֹּהֲנִ֥ים וְלַלְוִיִּ֖ם הֵרִ֑ימוּ
חִלְקִיָּ֨ה וּזְכַרְיָ֜הוּ וִֽיחִיאֵ֗ל נְגִידֵי֙ בֵּ֣ית הָאֱלֹהִ֔ים לַכֹּהֲנִ֞ים נָתְנ֣וּ לַפְּסָחִ֗ים אַלְפַּ֙יִם֙ וְשֵׁ֣שׁ מֵא֔וֹת וּבָקָ֖ר שְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת
8 And his nobility for a freewill offering, to the people, to the priests, and to the Levites, they contributed.
Hilqiah and Zachariah and Jechiel, heralds of the house of God, gave to the priests for the Passover offerings, two thousand six hundred, and three hundred oxen.
3d 4B 19
וְ֠כָֽנַנְיָהוּ וּשְׁמַֽעְיָ֨הוּ וּנְתַנְאֵ֜ל אֶחָ֗יו וַחֲשַׁבְיָ֧הוּ וִיעִיאֵ֛ל וְיוֹזָבָ֖ד שָׂרֵ֣י הַלְוִיִּ֑ם
הֵרִ֨ימוּ לַלְוִיִּ֤ם לַפְּסָחִים֙ חֲמֵ֣שֶׁת אֲלָפִ֔ים וּבָקָ֖ר חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵאֽוֹת
9 ~ And Konanyah, and Shemaiah and Netaneel, his brothers, and Xeshabyah and Jeiel and Jozebad, the chiefs of the Levites,
contributed for the Levites for the Passover offerings, five thousand, and five hundred oxen.
3c 4C 31
וַתִּכּ֖וֹן הָעֲבוֹדָ֑ה
וַיַּֽעַמְד֨וּ הַכֹּהֲנִ֧ים עַל־עָמְדָ֛ם וְהַלְוִיִּ֥ם עַל־מַחְלְקוֹתָ֖ם כְּמִצְוַ֥ת הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
10 And the service was prepared,
and the priests stood per their standing and the Levites per their divisions according to the commandment of the king.
3c 4A 7
וַֽיִּשְׁחֲט֖וּ הַפָּ֑סַח
וַיִּזְרְק֤וּ הַכֹּהֲנִים֙ מִיָּדָ֔ם וְהַלְוִיִּ֖ם מַפְשִׁיטִֽים
11 And they butchered the Passover,
and the priests dashed, from their hands, and the Levites flayed them.
3e 4C 7
וַיָּסִ֨ירוּ הָעֹלָ֜ה לְ֠תִתָּם לְמִפְלַגּ֤וֹת לְבֵית־אָבוֹת֙ לִבְנֵ֣י הָעָ֔ם לְהַקְרִיב֙ לַיהוָ֔ה כַּכָּת֖וּב בְּסֵ֣פֶר מֹשֶׁ֑ה
וְכֵ֖ן לַבָּקָֽר
12 And they put aside the burnt offering to give them according to the entanglements for the houses of the ancestors of the children of the people, for the oblations of Yahweh, as it is written in the record of Moses,
and so for the oxen.
3e 4C 35
וַֽיְבַשְּׁל֥וּ הַפֶּ֛סַח בָּאֵ֖שׁ כַּמִּשְׁפָּ֑ט
וְהַקֳּדָשִׁ֣ים בִּשְּׁל֗וּ בַּסִּיר֤וֹת וּבַדְּוָדִים֙ וּבַצֵּ֣לָח֔וֹת וַיָּרִ֖יצוּ לְכָל־בְּנֵ֥י הָעָֽם
13 And they boiled the Passover in the fire, according to the framework,
but the holy things they boiled in pots and in panniers and in basins, and racing for all the children of the people.
3d 4C 11
וְאַחַ֗ר הֵכִ֤ינוּ לָהֶם֙ וְלַכֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים כִּ֤י הַכֹּהֲנִים֙ בְּנֵ֣י אַהֲרֹ֔ן בְּהַֽעֲל֛וֹת הָעוֹלָ֥ה וְהַחֲלָבִ֖ים עַד־לָ֑יְלָה
וְהַלְוִיִּם֙ הֵכִ֣ינוּ לָהֶ֔ם וְלַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים בְּנֵ֥י אַהֲרֹֽן
14 And after, they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests, the children of Aaron, were in the offering of the burnt offering and the gross fat until night,
so the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests of the children of Aaron.
3d 4C 38
וְהַמְשֹֽׁרֲרִ֨ים בְּנֵי־אָסָ֜ף עַל־מַעֲמָדָ֗ם כְּמִצְוַ֤ת דָּוִיד֙ וְאָסָ֞ף וְהֵימָ֤ן וִֽידֻתוּן֙ חוֹזֵ֣ה הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְהַשֹּׁעֲרִ֖ים לְשַׁ֣עַר וָשָׁ֑עַר
אֵ֣ין לָהֶ֗ם לָסוּר֙ מֵעַ֣ל עֲבֹֽדָתָ֔ם כִּֽי־אֲחֵיהֶ֥ם הַלְוִיִּ֖ם הֵכִ֥ינוּ לָהֶֽם
15 And the singers, the children of Asaph, to their stands according to the commandment of David, and Asaph and Heyman and Jeduthun, the visionary of the king, and the gatekeepers, gate by gate.
There was no departing for them from their service, for their kin, the Levites, prepared for them.
3e 4C 43
וַ֠תִּכּוֹן כָּל־עֲבוֹדַ֨ת יְהוָ֜ה בַּיּ֤וֹם הַהוּא֙ לַעֲשׂ֣וֹת הַפֶּ֔סַח וְהַעֲל֣וֹת עֹל֔וֹת עַ֖ל מִזְבַּ֣ח יְהוָ֑ה
כְּמִצְוַ֖ת הַמֶּ֥לֶךְ יֹאשִׁיָּֽהוּ
16 ~ So was prepared all the service of Yahweh in that day to do the Passover, and to offer up burnt offerings on the altar of Yahweh,
according to the commandment of king Josiah.
3e 4C 30
וַיַּעֲשׂ֨וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֧ל הַֽנִּמְצְאִ֛ים אֶת־הַפֶּ֖סַח בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֑יא
וְאֶת־חַ֥ג הַמַּצּ֖וֹת שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים
17 And the children of Israel that were found did the Passover at that time,
and the feast of unleavened bread, seven days.
3c 4B 21
וְלֹֽא־נַעֲשָׂ֨ה פֶ֤סַח כָּמֹ֙הוּ֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מִימֵ֖י שְׁמוּאֵ֣ל הַנָּבִ֑יא
וְכָל־מַלְכֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל ׀ לֹֽא־עָשׂ֡וּ כַּפֶּ֣סַח אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֣ה יֹֽ֠אשִׁיָּהוּ וְהַכֹּהֲנִ֨ים וְהַלְוִיִּ֤ם וְכָל־יְהוּדָה֙ וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל הַנִּמְצָ֔א וְיוֹשְׁבֵ֖י יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
18 And there was not done a Passover like it in Israel, from the days of Samuel the prophet.
Nor had any of the kings of Israel made a like Passover as did Josiah and the priests and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that was found, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
3e 4C 21
בִּשְׁמוֹנֶ֤ה עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה לְמַלְכ֖וּת יֹאשִׁיָּ֑הוּ
נַעֲשָׂ֖ה הַפֶּ֥סַח הַזֶּֽה
19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah,
this Passover was done.
3e 4C 14
אַחֲרֵ֣י כָל־זֹ֗את אֲשֶׁ֨ר הֵכִ֤ין יֹֽאשִׁיָּ֙הוּ֙ אֶת־הַבַּ֔יִת עָלָ֞ה נְכ֧וֹ מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֛יִם לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם בְּכַרְכְּמִ֖ישׁ עַל־פְּרָ֑ת
וַיֵּצֵ֥א לִקְרָאת֖וֹ יֹאשִׁיָּֽהוּ
20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the house, Neko the king of Egypt came up to fight against Karkemish by the Euphrates,
and Josiah went out to encounter him.
3c 4C 36
וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח אֵלָ֣יו מַלְאָכִ֣ים ׀ לֵאמֹר֩ ׀ מַה־לִּ֨י וָלָ֜ךְ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֗ה לֹא־עָלֶ֨יךָ אַתָּ֤ה הַיּוֹם֙ כִּ֚י אֶל־בֵּ֣ית מִלְחַמְתִּ֔י וֵאלֹהִ֖ים אָמַ֣ר לְבַֽהֲלֵ֑נִי
חֲדַל־לְךָ֛ מֵאֱלֹהִ֥ים אֲשֶׁר־עִמִּ֖י וְאַל־יַשְׁחִיתֶֽךָ
21 And he sent to him messengers, saying, What have I to do with you, king of Judah? Not against you yourself today, but to the house of my own battles. God had said for me to be brash.
Set it aside, you, from the God that is with me, and he will not destroy you.
3d 4C 42
וְלֹֽא־הֵסֵב֩ יֹאשִׁיָּ֨הוּ פָנָ֜יו מִמֶּ֗נּוּ כִּ֤י לְהִלָּחֵֽם־בּוֹ֙ הִתְחַפֵּ֔שׂ וְלֹ֥א שָׁמַ֛ע אֶל־דִּבְרֵ֥י נְכ֖וֹ מִפִּ֣י אֱלֹהִ֑ים
וַיָּבֹ֕א לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם בְּבִקְעַ֥ת מְגִדּֽוֹ
22 But Josiah did not turn round his face from him that he might fight with him. He disguised himself and did not hear the words of Neko from the mouth of God,
and he came to fight in the crevasse of Megiddo.
3d 4C 35
וַיֹּרוּ֙ הַיֹּרִ֔ים לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ יֹאשִׁיָּ֑הוּ
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ לַעֲבָדָיו֙ הַעֲבִיר֔וּנִי כִּ֥י הָחֳלֵ֖יתִי מְאֹֽד
23 And the archers shot at the king Josiah.
And the king said to his servant, Have me transferred, for I am very ill.
3e 4C 13
וַיַּֽעֲבִירֻ֨הוּ עֲבָדָ֜יו מִן־הַמֶּרְכָּבָ֗ה וַֽיַּרְכִּיבֻהוּ֮ עַ֣ל רֶ֣כֶב הַמִּשְׁנֶה֮ אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ֒ וַיּוֹלִיכֻ֙הוּ֙ יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם וַיָּ֕מָת וַיִּקָּבֵ֖ר בְּקִבְר֣וֹת אֲבֹתָ֑יו
וְכָל־יְהוּדָה֙ וִיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם מִֽתְאַבְּלִ֖ים עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּֽהוּ
24 And his servants transferred him from the chariot and had him ride in the second chariot that he had, and led him to Jerusalem and he died. And he was entombed in the tombs of his ancestors.
And all Judah and Jerusalem lamented over Josiah.
3e 4B 50
וַיְקוֹנֵ֣ן יִרְמְיָהוּ֮ עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ֒ וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ כָֽל־הַשָּׁרִ֣ים ׀ וְ֠הַשָּׁרוֹת בְּקִינ֨וֹתֵיהֶ֤ם עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּ֙הוּ֙ עַד־הַיּ֔וֹם וַיִּתְּנ֥וּם לְחֹ֖ק עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְהִנָּ֥ם כְּתוּבִ֖ים עַל־הַקִּינֽוֹת
25 And Jeremiah sang an elegy concerning Josiah, and all the male singers and the female singers talk in their elegies about Josiah to this day, and they made them for a statute over Israel,
and behold them, written over the elegies.
3e 4C 45
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י יֹאשִׁיָּ֖הוּ וַחֲסָדָ֑יו
כַּכָּת֖וּב בְּתוֹרַ֥ת יְהוָֽה
26 And the remaining words of Josiah and his kindnesses,
are as written in the instruction of Yahweh.
3d 4A 13

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