Saturday, January 27, 2018

1 Samuel 6

For some reason I have shied away from the former prophets. I bet it was the flannel board teaching of these stories from my pre-school days. I don't know. But even when studying the Psalms in depth I did not do the research I needed to do into the life of David. I find Kings and Chronicles easier to take now because of the intriguing aspects of their doublets. I suspect there are several between Samuel and Chronicles as well, but I am still slow to take the early books up. Joshua and Judges may be the tail end of the books as I complete this process.

In 1 Samuel 6, we have the story of the Philistine hemorrhoids. Not really flannel board stuff I suppose. In verse 6, that word כבד appears and is rendered with heart, by force of habit, as harden or in more dynamic translations as stubborn. This sort of idiom is too much fun to hide when English is not short of synonyms like, self-glorification, intransigence, etc. So these are my choices so far to keep separate the stems traditionally used as hardened.

כבד glorify (33) glorious (13) glory (172) heavy (58) liver (13) pile up (1)
סור depart (39) frying pan (1) gone (1) obligation (1) put aside (93) scamper (1) stay (3) stubborn (9) turn aside (79)
קשׁה ... bow (2) bow (47) hair- (1) hammer (1) hammered work (8) hard (14) hard new (1) harden (16) hardness (1) intransigence (5) intransigent (10)

When I saw pile up in the list, I investigated where I had created this artificial hapax and changed it in Habakkuk 2:6. There's no need for the colloquialism here when glory fits perfectly well. If it had been a necessary fudge for a literary figure or acrostic poem, I would have left it.

When a verse reads until this day, when is the time under consideration? There is no stone in verse 18. Verse 18 needs a reference to the stone of verses 14 and 15. In KJV and in JB the stone is added to the text. The text is odd here, the great lament seems to be in the list of the classes of Philistine cities. A new thought is needed to separate the classes of cities (linked by the preposition ועד) from the first Israelite city in the second half of that verse. But perhaps the text as we have it does not read clearly. אבל if a noun (lament) is masculine, אבן (stone) is feminine and the great הגדלה is feminine. So perhaps the stone is implied and the text must be corrected.

1 Samuel 6 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֧י אֲרוֹן־יְהוָ֛ה בִּשְׂדֵ֥ה פְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים שִׁבְעָ֥ה חֳדָשִֽׁים 1 And the ark of Yahweh was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 3c 3g 16
וַיִּקְרְא֣וּ פְלִשְׁתִּ֗ים לַכֹּהֲנִ֤ים וְלַקֹּֽסְמִים֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר מַֽה־נַּעֲשֶׂ֖ה לַאֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֑ה
הוֹדִעֻ֕נוּ בַּמֶּ֖ה נְשַׁלְּחֶ֥נּוּ לִמְקוֹמֽוֹ
2 And the Philistines called for the priests and for the soothsayers, saying, What will we do to the ark of Yahweh?
Let us know in what we should send it to its place.
3e 4C 26
13
וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ אִֽם־מְשַׁלְּחִ֞ים אֶת־אֲר֨וֹן אֱלֹהֵ֤י יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ אַל־תְּשַׁלְּח֤וּ אֹתוֹ֙ רֵיקָ֔ם כִּֽי־הָשֵׁ֥ב תָּשִׁ֛יבוּ ל֖וֹ אָשָׁ֑ם
אָ֤ז תֵּרָֽפְאוּ֙ וְנוֹדַ֣ע לָכֶ֔ם לָ֛מָּה לֹא־תָס֥וּר יָד֖וֹ מִכֶּֽם
3 And they said, If you send away the ark of the God of Israel, you will not send it out empty, for you must restore with it a guilt offering.
Then you will be healed, and it will be known to you why his hand was not turned aside from you.
3d 4C 32
17
וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ מָ֣ה הָאָשָׁם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָשִׁ֣יב לוֹ֒ וַיֹּאמְר֗וּ מִסְפַּר֙ סַרְנֵ֣י פְלִשְׁתִּ֔ים חֲמִשָּׁה֙ טְחֹרֵ֣י זָהָ֔ב וַחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה עַכְבְּרֵ֣י זָהָ֑ב
כִּֽי־מַגֵּפָ֥ה אַחַ֛ת לְכֻלָּ֖ם וּלְסַרְנֵיכֶֽם
4 And they said, What is the guilt offering that we should return to him? And they said, From the count of the chieftains of the Philistines, five hemorrhoids of gold and five gold mice,
for one plague for all of them and for your chieftains.
3d 4B 39
12
וַעֲשִׂיתֶם֩ צַלְמֵ֨י טְחֹרֵיכֶ֜ם וְצַלְמֵ֣י עַכְבְּרֵיכֶ֗ם הַמַּשְׁחִיתִם֙ אֶת־הָאָ֔רֶץ וּנְתַתֶּ֛ם לֵאלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל כָּב֑וֹד
אוּלַ֗י יָקֵ֤ל אֶת־יָדוֹ֙ מֵֽעֲלֵיכֶ֔ם וּמֵעַ֥ל אֱלֹהֵיכֶ֖ם וּמֵעַ֥ל אַרְצְכֶֽם
5 And you will make images of your hemorrhoids and images of your mice that impair the land, and you will give to the God of Israel glory.
Maybe he will lighten his hand from upon you, and from upon your God, and from upon your land.
3d 4C 36
24
וְלָ֤מָּה תְכַבְּדוּ֙ אֶת־לְבַבְכֶ֔ם כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר כִּבְּד֛וּ מִצְרַ֥יִם וּפַרְעֹ֖ה אֶת־לִבָּ֑ם
הֲלוֹא֙ כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר הִתְעַלֵּ֣ל בָּהֶ֔ם וַֽיְשַׁלְּח֖וּם וַיֵּלֵֽכוּ
6 So why glorify your heart, as Egypt and Pharaoh glorified their heart?
Was it not that he was prodigal with them, and they sent them away, and they went?
3c 4C 23
17
וְעַתָּ֗ה קְח֨וּ וַעֲשׂ֜וּ עֲגָלָ֤ה חֲדָשָׁה֙ אֶחָ֔ת וּשְׁתֵּ֤י פָרוֹת֙ עָל֔וֹת אֲשֶׁ֛ר לֹא־עָלָ֥ה עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם עֹ֑ל
וַאֲסַרְתֶּ֤ם אֶת־הַפָּרוֹת֙ בָּעֲגָלָ֔ה וַהֲשֵׁיבֹתֶ֧ם בְּנֵיהֶ֛ם מֵאַחֲרֵיהֶ֖ם הַבָּֽיְתָה
7 And now take and make one new wagon and two cows giving suck on which no shackle has ascended,
and bind the cows into the wagon, and have their little ones return behind them.
3c 4C 30
28
וּלְקַחְתֶּ֞ם אֶת־אֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֗ה וּנְתַתֶּ֤ם אֹתוֹ֙ אֶל־הָ֣עֲגָלָ֔ה וְאֵ֣ת ׀ כְּלֵ֣י הַזָּהָ֗ב אֲשֶׁ֨ר הֲשֵׁבֹתֶ֥ם לוֹ֙ אָשָׁ֔ם תָּשִׂ֥ימוּ בָאַרְגַּ֖ז מִצִּדּ֑וֹ
וְשִׁלַּחְתֶּ֥ם אֹת֖וֹ וְהָלָֽךְ
8 And take the ark of Yahweh and position it on the wagon, and the vessels of gold which you are returning to him as a guilt offering, you will set in the box by its side.
And send it, that it may go.
3e 4C 43
9
וּרְאִיתֶ֗ם אִם־דֶּ֨רֶךְ גְּבוּל֤וֹ יַֽעֲלֶה֙ בֵּ֣ית שֶׁ֔מֶשׁ ה֚וּא עָ֣שָׂה לָ֔נוּ אֶת־הָרָעָ֥ה הַגְּדוֹלָ֖ה הַזֹּ֑את
וְאִם־לֹ֗א וְיָדַ֙עְנוּ֙ כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יָדוֹ֙ נָ֣גְעָה בָּ֔נוּ מִקְרֶ֥ה ה֖וּא הָ֥יָה לָֽנוּ
9 And you will see. If it will ascend the way of its border to the House of the Sun, he has done to us this great evil,
and if not, then we will know that his hand has not touched us. Chance it was for us.
3e 4C 29
22
וַיַּעֲשׂ֤וּ הָאֲנָשִׁים֙ כֵּ֔ן וַיִּקְח֗וּ שְׁתֵּ֤י פָרוֹת֙ עָל֔וֹת וַיַּאַסְר֖וּם בָּעֲגָלָ֑ה
וְאֶת־בְּנֵיהֶ֖ם כָּל֥וּ בַבָּֽיִת
10 And the men did so, and they took two cows giving suck and bound them to the wagon,
and their little ones they restrained in the house.
3e 4C 26
10
וַיָּשִׂ֛מוּ אֶת־אֲר֥וֹן יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־הָעֲגָלָ֑ה
וְאֵ֣ת הָאַרְגַּ֗ז וְאֵת֙ עַכְבְּרֵ֣י הַזָּהָ֔ב וְאֵ֖ת צַלְמֵ֥י טְחֹרֵיהֶֽם
11 And they set the ark of Yahweh on the wagon,
and the box, and with the mice of gold, and the images of their hemorrhoids.
3d 4B 14
21
וַיִשַּׁ֨רְנָה הַפָּר֜וֹת בַּדֶּ֗רֶךְ עַל־דֶּ֙רֶךְ֙ בֵּ֣ית שֶׁ֔מֶשׁ בִּמְסִלָּ֣ה אַחַ֗ת הָלְכ֤וּ הָלֹךְ֙ וְגָע֔וֹ וְלֹא־סָ֖רוּ יָמִ֣ין וּשְׂמֹ֑אול
וְסַרְנֵ֤י פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ הֹלְכִ֣ים אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ם עַד־גְּב֖וּל בֵּ֥ית שָֽׁמֶשׁ
12 And the cows went straight in the way on the journey to the House of the Sun. By the one highway they walked, walking and lowing, and they did not turn aside right or left,
and the chieftains of the Philistines walked after them to the border of the House of the Sun.
3e 4C 35
18
וּבֵ֣ית שֶׁ֔מֶשׁ קֹצְרִ֥ים קְצִיר־חִטִּ֖ים בָּעֵ֑מֶק
וַיִּשְׂא֣וּ אֶת־עֵינֵיהֶ֗ם וַיִּרְאוּ֙ אֶת־הָ֣אָר֔וֹן וַֽיִּשְׂמְח֖וּ לִרְאֽוֹת
13 And the House of the Sun, the ones reaping the harvest wheat were in the valley,
and they lifted up their eyes and they saw the ark. And they were glad to see.
3e 4B 13
20
וְהָעֲגָלָ֡ה בָּ֠אָה אֶל־שְׂדֵ֨ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֤עַ בֵּֽית־הַשִּׁמְשִׁי֙ וַתַּעֲמֹ֣ד שָׁ֔ם וְשָׁ֖ם אֶ֣בֶן גְּדוֹלָ֑ה
וַֽיְבַקְּעוּ֙ אֶת־עֲצֵ֣י הָעֲגָלָ֔ה וְאֶת־הַ֨פָּר֔וֹת הֶעֱל֥וּ עֹלָ֖ה לַיהוָֽה
14 And the wagon came by the field of Joshua of the House of the Sun, and it stood there. And there was a great stone,
and they split in two the wood of the wagon, and the cows they offered as a burnt offering to Yahweh.
3e 4C 30
22
וְהַלְוִיִּ֞ם הוֹרִ֣ידוּ ׀ אֶת־אֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֗ה וְאֶת־הָאַרְגַּ֤ז אֲשֶׁר־אִתּוֹ֙ אֲשֶׁר־בּ֣וֹ כְלֵֽי־זָהָ֔ב וַיָּשִׂ֖מוּ אֶל־הָאֶ֣בֶן הַגְּדוֹלָ֑ה
וְאַנְשֵׁ֣י בֵֽית־שֶׁ֗מֶשׁ הֶעֱל֨וּ עֹל֜וֹת וַֽיִּזְבְּח֧וּ זְבָחִ֛ים בַּיּ֥וֹם הַה֖וּא לַֽיהוָֽה
15 And the Levites brought down the ark of Yahweh and the box that was with it that had in it the articles of gold that they set on the great stone.
And the men of the House of the Sun offered burnt offerings, and they sacrificed sacrifices in that day to Yahweh.
3c 4C 38
24
וַחֲמִשָּׁ֥ה סַרְנֵֽי־פְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים רָא֑וּ
וַיָּשֻׁ֥בוּ עֶקְר֖וֹן בַּיּ֥וֹם הַהֽוּא ס
16 And the five chieftains of the Philistines saw,
and they returned to Eqron in that day.
3e 4A 11
11
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ טְחֹרֵ֣י הַזָּהָ֔ב אֲשֶׁ֨ר הֵשִׁ֧יבוּ פְלִשְׁתִּ֛ים אָשָׁ֖ם לַֽיהוָ֑ה
לְאַשְׁדּ֨וֹד אֶחָ֜ד לְעַזָּ֤ה אֶחָד֙ לְאַשְׁקְל֣וֹן אֶחָ֔ד לְגַ֥ת אֶחָ֖ד לְעֶקְר֥וֹן אֶחָֽד ס
17 And these are the hemorrhoids of gold that the Philistines brought back as a guilt offering for Yahweh,
for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Ashkelon one, for Gath one, for Eqron one.
3c 4C 21
26
וְעַכְבְּרֵ֣י הַזָּהָ֗ב מִסְפַּ֞ר כָּל־עָרֵ֤י פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ לַחֲמֵ֣שֶׁת הַסְּרָנִ֔ים מֵעִ֣יר מִבְצָ֔ר וְעַ֖ד כֹּ֣פֶר הַפְּרָזִ֑י
וְעַ֣ד ׀ אָבֵ֣ל הַגְּדוֹלָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר הִנִּ֤יחוּ עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ אֵ֚ת אֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֔ה עַ֚ד הַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה בִּשְׂדֵ֥ה יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ בֵּֽית־הַשִּׁמְשִֽׁי
18 And the mice of gold from the count of all the cities of the Philistines of the five chieftains, from an enclosed city, and to covered hamlets,
and to Lament, the great [stone], on which they left the ark of Yahweh. Until this day, [the stone is] in the field of Joshua of the House of the Sun.
3e 4C 33
35
וַיַּ֞ךְ בְּאַנְשֵׁ֣י בֵֽית־שֶׁ֗מֶשׁ כִּ֤י רָאוּ֙ בַּאֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֔ה וַיַּ֤ךְ בָּעָם֙ שִׁבְעִ֣ים אִ֔ישׁ חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים אֶ֖לֶף אִ֑ישׁ
וַיִּֽתְאַבְּל֣וּ הָעָ֔ם כִּֽי־הִכָּ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה בָּעָ֖ם מַכָּ֥ה גְדוֹלָֽה
19 And he struck among the persons of the House of the Sun, for they saw into the ark of Yahweh, and he struck among the people, fifty thousand seventy persons.
And the people lamented, for Yahweh had struck among the people, a great striking.
3c 4C 29
17
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ אַנְשֵׁ֣י בֵֽית־שֶׁ֔מֶשׁ מִ֚י יוּכַ֣ל לַעֲמֹ֔ד לִפְנֵ֨י יְהוָ֧ה הָאֱלֹהִ֛ים הַקָּד֖וֹשׁ הַזֶּ֑ה
וְאֶל־מִ֖י יַעֲלֶ֥ה מֵעָלֵֽינוּ
20 And the men of the House of the Sun said, Who can stand before Yahweh this Holy God?
And to whom will he go up from over us?
3c 4C 27
10
וַֽיִּשְׁלְחוּ֙ מַלְאָכִ֔ים אֶל־יוֹשְׁבֵ֥י קִרְיַת־יְעָרִ֖ים לֵאמֹ֑ר
הֵשִׁ֤בוּ פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ אֶת־אֲר֣וֹן יְהוָ֔ה רְד֕וּ הַעֲל֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ אֲלֵיכֶֽם ס
21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of the town of Yearim, saying,
The Philistines have returned the ark of Yahweh. Come down and bring it up to you.
3e 4C 17
22