Monday, December 21, 2015

Moving right along - Genesis 11

I'm completing the chapters that my automation has done the most work on. I really must do a little more intelligent work on the automation. I have many routines with the rules for parsing in them but I am not yet applying them to the 130,000 odd single guesses my routine makes. The problem is that every rule must be applied in a context. Take for instance Sarai's name. It is is uncertain by itself, שרי, if it is a construct for nobility, שר, or a proper name, and there's no way to guess the right domain. My guesses include successive contexts but they are not linked in any way to potential 'meanings' that we might associate with a gloss (mean is scare-quoted deliberately.)

So here's the end of the first 11 chapters of Genesis (I still have not done chapters 6-9).

Mangle is an odd gloss - but I see a touch of humour here, and the regular gloss for בלל is mingle. The name of the place is בבל, of course. You will see the play on words. (And what did they have for mortar? slime? They are both the same word, חמר, and I used slimy for another stem.)

My grandson and baby, Benjamin, a child with cystic fibrosis, is now on the beach in Maui. And we will join them next week. (There are grandsons and baby below - so have fun reading.) The two year old, Oliver, is with them of course. There's a two year period below too. Arpachad was born two years after the deluge. We are voluntarily dispersed, and the tower with its top in the heavens is now a satellite, and it's function includes de-mingling tongues. Did you notice the mentions in chapter 10 about tongues? There were already multiple tongues mentioned before this story. Language is lip in Hebrew - don't give me no lip from you!
Genesis 11
וַֽיְהִ֥י כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ שָׂפָ֣ה אֶחָ֑ת
וּדְבָרִ֖ים אֲחָדִֽים
1 And all the earth was one language,
and of words a unity.
10
6
וַֽיְהִ֖י בְּנָסְעָ֣ם מִקֶּ֑דֶם
וַֽיִּמְצְא֥וּ בִקְעָ֛ה בְּאֶ֥רֶץ שִׁנְעָ֖ר וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָֽׁם
2 And it happened in their migration from confrontation,
they found a crevasse in the land of Shinar, and they settled there.
8
15
וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֗הוּ הָ֚בָה נִלְבְּנָ֣ה לְבֵנִ֔ים וְנִשְׂרְפָ֖ה לִשְׂרֵפָ֑ה
וַתְּהִ֨י לָהֶ֤ם הַלְּבֵנָה֙ לְאָ֔בֶן וְהַ֣חֵמָ֔ר הָיָ֥ה לָהֶ֖ם לַחֹֽמֶר
3 And they said each to his friend, Take care. Let us brick bricks and let us incinerate them.
And so it was for them, the brick for stone, and clay they had, for mortar.
24
21
וַיֹּאמְר֞וּ הָ֣בָה ׀ נִבְנֶה־לָּ֣נוּ עִ֗יר וּמִגְדָּל֙ וְרֹאשׁ֣וֹ בַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְנַֽעֲשֶׂה־לָּ֖נוּ שֵׁ֑ם
פֶּן־נָפ֖וּץ עַל־פְּנֵ֥י כָל־הָאָֽרֶץ
4 And they said, Take care. Let us build for ourselves a city and a tower and its top in the heavens, and let us make for ourselves a name,
lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth.
27
10
וַיֵּ֣רֶד יְהוָ֔ה לִרְאֹ֥ת אֶת־הָעִ֖יר וְאֶת־הַמִּגְדָּ֑ל
אֲשֶׁ֥ר בָּנ֖וּ בְּנֵ֥י הָאָדָֽם
5 And Yahweh descended to see the city and the tower,
which the human children built.
15
9
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֗ה הֵ֣ן עַ֤ם אֶחָד֙ וְשָׂפָ֤ה אַחַת֙ לְכֻלָּ֔ם וְזֶ֖ה הַחִלָּ֣ם לַעֲשׂ֑וֹת
וְעַתָּה֙ לֹֽא־יִבָּצֵ֣ר מֵהֶ֔ם כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָזְמ֖וּ לַֽעֲשֽׂוֹת
6 And Yahweh said, Lo, one people and one language for all of them, and this they start to construct.
So now nothing will restrict them which they intend to do.
25
17
הָ֚בָה נֵֽרְדָ֔ה וְנָבְלָ֥ה שָׁ֖ם שְׂפָתָ֑ם
אֲשֶׁר֙ לֹ֣א יִשְׁמְע֔וּ אִ֖ישׁ שְׂפַ֥ת רֵעֵֽהוּ
7 Take care. We will descend and there mangle their language,
that they not hear, each his friend's language.
11
12
וַיָּ֨פֶץ יְהוָ֥ה אֹתָ֛ם מִשָּׁ֖ם עַל־פְּנֵ֣י כָל־הָאָ֑רֶץ
וַֽיַּחְדְּל֖וּ לִבְנֹ֥ת הָעִֽיר
8 And Yahweh dispersed them from there over the face of the whole earth,
and they left off building the city.
16
8
עַל־כֵּ֞ן קָרָ֤א שְׁמָהּ֙ בָּבֶ֔ל כִּי־שָׁ֛ם בָּלַ֥ל יְהוָ֖ה שְׂפַ֣ת כָּל־הָאָ֑רֶץ
וּמִשָּׁם֙ הֱפִיצָ֣ם יְהוָ֔ה עַל־פְּנֵ֖י כָּל־הָאָֽרֶץ
9 Therefore he called its name Babel for there Yahweh mingled the language of all the earth,
and from there Yahweh dispersed them over the face of the whole earth.
20
15
אֵ֚לֶּה תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת שֵׁ֔ם שֵׁ֚ם בֶּן־מְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֔ה וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁ֑ד
שְׁנָתַ֖יִם אַחַ֥ר הַמַּבּֽוּל
10 These are the successions of Shem. Shem was a child of a hundred years and he had Arphaxad,
two years after the deluge.
18
8
וַֽיְחִי־שֵׁ֗ם אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־אַרְפַּכְשָׁ֔ד חֲמֵ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
11 and Shem lived after Arphaxad was born, five hundred years,
and he had sons and daughters.
19
8
וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֣ד חַ֔י חָמֵ֥שׁ וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־שָֽׁלַח
12 Arphaxad lived thirty five years,
and he had Shalach.
12
6
וַֽיְחִ֣י אַרְפַּכְשַׁ֗ד אַֽחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־שֶׁ֔לַח שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
13 and Arphaxad lived after Shalach was born, four hundred and three years,
and he had sons and daughters.
25
8
וְשֶׁ֥לַח חַ֖י שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־עֵֽבֶר
14 and Shalach lived thirty years,
and he had Eber.
9
6
וַֽיְחִי־שֶׁ֗לַח אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־עֵ֔בֶר שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
15 and Shalach lived after Eber was born, three hundred and four years,
and he had sons and daughters.
23
8
וַֽיְחִי־עֵ֕בֶר אַרְבַּ֥ע וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־פָּֽלֶג
16 and Eber lived thirty four years,
and he had Peleg.
10
6
וַֽיְחִי־עֵ֗בֶר אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־פֶּ֔לֶג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה וְאַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
17 and Eber lived after Peleg was born, four hundred and thirty years,
and he had sons and daughters.
24
8
וַֽיְחִי־פֶ֖לֶג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־רְעֽוּ
18 and Peleg lived thirty years,
and he had Reu.
8
6
וַֽיְחִי־פֶ֗לֶג אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־רְע֔וּ תֵּ֥שַׁע שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
19 And Peleg lived after Reu was born, nine years two hundred and nine years,
and he had sons and daughters.
21
8
וַיְחִ֣י רְע֔וּ שְׁתַּ֥יִם וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־שְׂרֽוּג
20 And Reu lived thirty two years,
and he had Serug.
11
6
וַיְחִ֣י רְע֗וּ אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־שְׂר֔וּג שֶׁ֥בַע שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
21 And Reu lived after Serug was born, two hundred and seven years,
and he had sons and daughters.
22
8
וַיְחִ֥י שְׂר֖וּג שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־נָחֽוֹר
22 And Serug lived thirty years,
and he had Nahor.
9
6
וַיְחִ֣י שְׂר֗וּג אַחֲרֵ֛י הוֹלִיד֥וֹ אֶת־נָח֖וֹר מָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
23 And Serug lived after Nahor was born, two hundred years,
and he had sons and daughters.
17
8
וַיְחִ֣י נָח֔וֹר תֵּ֥שַׁע וְעֶשְׂרִ֖ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֖וֹלֶד אֶת־תָּֽרַח
24 And Nahor lived twenty nine years,
and he had Terah.
11
6
וַיְחִ֣י נָח֗וֹר אַחֲרֵי֙ הוֹלִיד֣וֹ אֶת־תֶּ֔רַח תְּשַֽׁע־עֶשְׂרֵ֥ה שָׁנָ֖ה וּמְאַ֣ת שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֥וֹלֶד בָּנִ֖ים וּבָנֽוֹת
25 and Nahor lived after Terah was born, a hundred and nineteen years,
and he had sons and daughters.
23
8
וַֽיְחִי־תֶ֖רַח שִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיּ֙וֹלֶד֙ אֶת־אַבְרָ֔ם אֶת־נָח֖וֹר וְאֶת־הָרָֽן
26 And Terah lived seventy years
and he had Abram Nahor and Haran.
7
13
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ תּוֹלְדֹ֣ת תֶּ֔רַח תֶּ֚רַח הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־אַבְרָ֔ם אֶת־נָח֖וֹר וְאֶת־הָרָ֑ן
וְהָרָ֖ן הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־לֽוֹט
27 And these are the successions of Terah. Terah had Abram Nahor and Haran,
and Haran had Lot.
21
7
וַיָּ֣מָת הָרָ֔ן עַל־פְּנֵ֖י תֶּ֣רַח אָבִ֑יו
בְּאֶ֥רֶץ מוֹלַדְתּ֖וֹ בְּא֥וּר כַּשְׂדִּֽים
28 And Haran died before Terah his father,
in the land of his nativity in Ur of Chaldea.
12
10
וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַבְרָ֧ם וְנָח֛וֹר לָהֶ֖ם נָשִׁ֑ים
שֵׁ֤ם אֵֽשֶׁת־אַבְרָם֙ שָׂרָ֔י וְשֵׁ֤ם אֵֽשֶׁת־נָחוֹר֙ מִלְכָּ֔ה בַּת־הָרָ֥ן אֲבִֽי־מִלְכָּ֖ה וַֽאֲבִ֥י יִסְכָּֽה
29 And Abram and Nahor took for themselves wives,
the name of Abram's wife, Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of Iscah.
12
27
וַתְּהִ֥י שָׂרַ֖י עֲקָרָ֑ה
אֵ֥ין לָ֖הּ וָלָֽד
30 And Sarai was barren.
There was for her no giving birth.
7
4
וַיִּקַּ֨ח תֶּ֜רַח אֶת־אַבְרָ֣ם בְּנ֗וֹ וְאֶת־ל֤וֹט בֶּן־הָרָן֙ בֶּן־בְּנ֔וֹ וְאֵת֙ שָׂרַ֣י כַּלָּת֔וֹ אֵ֖שֶׁת אַבְרָ֣ם בְּנ֑וֹ
וַיֵּצְא֨וּ אִתָּ֜ם מֵא֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֗ים לָלֶ֙כֶת֙ אַ֣רְצָה כְּנַ֔עַן וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ עַד־חָרָ֖ן וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָֽׁם
31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, the wife of Abram his son,
and they went forth with them from Ur of Chaldea, to walk toward the land of Canaan and they came to Haran, and they settled there.
32
28
וַיִּהְי֣וּ יְמֵי־תֶ֔רַח חָמֵ֥שׁ שָׁנִ֖ים וּמָאתַ֣יִם שָׁנָ֑ה
וַיָּ֥מָת תֶּ֖רַח בְּחָרָֽן
32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years,
and Terah died in Haran.
15
8


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