Friday, December 4, 2015

Ruth 1-4

My old PDF is inaccessible and the wrong format anyway - so here is the whole of Ruth as it currently stands in my data. I was messing around with semantic domains and found a workaround for the idiom of three that Boaz mentions in 2:11.
Ruth 1
וַיְהִ֗י בִּימֵי֙ שְׁפֹ֣ט הַשֹּׁפְטִ֔ים וַיְהִ֥י רָעָ֖ב בָּאָ֑רֶץ
וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ אִ֜ישׁ מִבֵּ֧ית לֶ֣חֶם יְהוּדָ֗ה לָגוּר֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֔ב ה֥וּא וְאִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנָֽיו
1 It was in the days of the judgment of the judges, and there was a famine in the land.
And a man went from the house (Beth) of bread (-lehem) of Judah to reside in the fields of Moab, he, his wife, and his two sons.
16
25
וְשֵׁ֣ם הָאִ֣ישׁ אֱ‍ֽלִימֶ֡לֶךְ וְשֵׁם֩ אִשְׁתּ֨וֹ נָעֳמִ֜י וְשֵׁ֥ם שְׁנֵֽי־בָנָ֣יו ׀ מַחְל֤וֹן וְכִלְיוֹן֙ אֶפְרָתִ֔ים מִבֵּ֥ית לֶ֖חֶם יְהוּדָ֑ה
וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ שְׂדֵי־מוֹאָ֖ב וַיִּֽהְיוּ־שָֽׁם
2 And the name of the man was Elimelek, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons, Maxlon and Chilion, Ephratites from Bethlehem of Judah.
And they came to the fields of Moab,
and there they were.
34
11
וַיָּ֥מָת אֱלִימֶ֖לֶךְ אִ֣ישׁ נָעֳמִ֑י
וַתִּשָּׁאֵ֥ר הִ֖יא וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנֶֽיהָ
3 And Elimelek died, Naomi's man.
And she was bereft and her two sons.
11
10
וַיִּשְׂא֣וּ לָהֶ֗ם נָשִׁים֙ מֹֽאֲבִיּ֔וֹת שֵׁ֤ם הָֽאַחַת֙ עָרְפָּ֔ה וְשֵׁ֥ם הַשֵּׁנִ֖ית ר֑וּת
וַיֵּ֥שְׁבוּ שָׁ֖ם כְּעֶ֥שֶׂר שָׁנִֽים
4 And they fetched for themselves Moabite wives, the name of the one Orpah, and the name of the second Ruth.
And they settled there for ten years.
23
9
וַיָּמ֥וּתוּ גַם־שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם מַחְל֣וֹן וְכִלְי֑וֹן
וַתִּשָּׁאֵר֙ הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה מִשְּׁנֵ֥י יְלָדֶ֖יהָ וּמֵאִישָֽׁהּ
5 And they died, even the two of them, Maxlon and Chilion.
And she was bereft, the woman, of her two boys and of her man.
13
17
וַתָּ֤קָם הִיא֙ וְכַלֹּתֶ֔יהָ וַתָּ֖שָׁב מִשְּׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֑ב
כִּ֤י שָֽׁמְעָה֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה מוֹאָ֔ב כִּֽי־פָקַ֤ד יְהוָה֙ אֶת־עַמּ֔וֹ לָתֵ֥ת לָהֶ֖ם לָֽחֶם
6 And she arose, she and her daughters in law to return from the fields of Moab.
For she had heard in the fields of Moab that Yahweh had visited his people to give to them bread.
16
20
וַתֵּצֵ֗א מִן־הַמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָיְתָה־שָׁ֔מָּה וּשְׁתֵּ֥י כַלֹּתֶ֖יהָ עִמָּ֑הּ
וַתֵּלַ֣כְנָה בַדֶּ֔רֶךְ לָשׁ֖וּב אֶל־אֶ֥רֶץ יְהוּדָֽה
7 And she came out from the place where she was and her two daughters-in-law with her,
and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah.
21
15
וַתֹּ֤אמֶר נָעֳמִי֙ לִשְׁתֵּ֣י כַלֹּתֶ֔יהָ לֵ֣כְנָה שֹּׁ֔בְנָה אִשָּׁ֖ה לְבֵ֣ית אִמָּ֑הּ
יַ֣עַשׂ יְהוָ֤ה עִמָּכֶם֙ חֶ֔סֶד כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר עֲשִׂיתֶ֛ם עִם־הַמֵּתִ֖ים וְעִמָּדִֽי
8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, Go - return - each to the house of her mother.
May Yahweh deal with you kindly as you have dealt with those who died and with me.
22
23
יִתֵּ֤ן יְהוָה֙ לָכֶ֔ם וּמְצֶ֣אןָ מְנוּחָ֔ה אִשָּׁ֖ה בֵּ֣ית אִישָׁ֑הּ
וַתִּשַּׁ֣ק לָהֶ֔ן וַתִּשֶּׂ֥אנָה קוֹלָ֖ן וַתִּבְכֶּֽינָה
9 May Yahweh give to you and may you find rest each in the house of her man and she kissed them and they lifted up their voice and wept. 17
15
וַתֹּאמַ֖רְנָה־לָּ֑הּ
כִּי־אִתָּ֥ךְ נָשׁ֖וּב לְעַמֵּֽךְ
10 And they said to her,
For with you we will return to your people.
5
7
וַתֹּ֤אמֶר נָעֳמִי֙ שֹׁ֣בְנָה בְנֹתַ֔י לָ֥מָּה תֵלַ֖כְנָה עִמִּ֑י
הַֽעֽוֹד־לִ֤י בָנִים֙ בְּֽמֵעַ֔י וְהָי֥וּ לָכֶ֖ם לַאֲנָשִֽׁים
11 And Naomi said, Turn back my daughters.
Why would you go with me?
Are there yet to me sons in my inner parts that they might become adults for you?
18
17
שֹׁ֤בְנָה בְנֹתַי֙ לֵ֔כְןָ כִּ֥י זָקַ֖נְתִּי מִהְי֣וֹת לְאִ֑ישׁ
כִּ֤י אָמַ֙רְתִּי֙ יֶשׁ־לִ֣י תִקְוָ֔ה גַּ֣ם הָיִ֤יתִי הַלַּ֙יְלָה֙ לְאִ֔ישׁ וְגַ֖ם יָלַ֥דְתִּי בָנִֽים
12 Turn back my daughters - go for I am too old to have a man.
For had I said I am expecting, even if there was tonight a man, and even if I gave birth to sons,
15
24
הֲלָהֵ֣ן ׀ תְּשַׂבֵּ֗רְנָה עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִגְדָּ֔לוּ הֲלָהֵן֙
תֵּֽעָגֵ֔נָה לְבִלְתִּ֖י הֱי֣וֹת לְאִ֑ישׁ
אַ֣ל בְּנֹתַ֗י כִּֽי־מַר־לִ֤י מְאֹד֙ מִכֶּ֔ם כִּֽי־יָצְאָ֥ה בִ֖י יַד־יְהוָֽה
13 as if you could wait until they had grown up, as if you would remain shut up without there being a man.
No my daughters, for my bitterness is much more than yours. For the hand of Yahweh has come out in me.
16
11
18
וַתִּשֶּׂ֣נָה קוֹלָ֔ן וַתִּבְכֶּ֖ינָה ע֑וֹד
וַתִּשַּׁ֤ק עָרְפָּה֙ לַחֲמוֹתָ֔הּ וְר֖וּת דָּ֥בְקָה בָּֽהּ
14 And they lifted up their voice and wept further.
And Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but Ruth stayed close to her.
11
14
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּה֙ שָׁ֣בָה יְבִמְתֵּ֔ךְ אֶל־עַמָּ֖הּ וְאֶל־אֱלֹהֶ֑יהָ
שׁ֖וּבִי אַחֲרֵ֥י יְבִמְתֵּֽךְ
15 And she said, Behold your sister-in-law returns to her people and to her God.
You return following your sister-in-law.
19
8
וַתֹּ֤אמֶר רוּת֙ אַל־תִּפְגְּעִי־בִ֔י לְעָזְבֵ֖ךְ לָשׁ֣וּב מֵאַחֲרָ֑יִךְ
כִּ֠י אֶל־אֲשֶׁ֨ר תֵּלְכִ֜י אֵלֵ֗ךְ וּבַאֲשֶׁ֤ר תָּלִ֙ינִי֙ אָלִ֔ין עַמֵּ֣ךְ עַמִּ֔י וֵאלֹהַ֖יִךְ אֱלֹהָֽי
16 And Ruth said, do not force me to forsake you, to turn back from following you.
For where you go I go, and wherever you stop over I stop over, your people my people, your God my God.
19
28
בַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר תָּמ֙וּתִי֙ אָמ֔וּת וְשָׁ֖ם אֶקָּבֵ֑ר
כֹּה֩ יַעֲשֶׂ֨ה יְהוָ֥ה לִי֙ וְכֹ֣ה יֹסִ֔יף כִּ֣י הַמָּ֔וֶת יַפְרִ֖יד בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֵֽךְ
17 Where you die I die, and there I will be entombed.
Thus Yahweh do to me and thus add more, for only death will separate me and you.
13
22
וַתֵּ֕רֶא כִּֽי־מִתְאַמֶּ֥צֶת הִ֖יא לָלֶ֣כֶת אִתָּ֑הּ
וַתֶּחְדַּ֖ל לְדַבֵּ֥ר אֵלֶֽיהָ
18 And she saw that she was sure to go with her,
and she left off speaking with her.
14
9
וַתֵּלַ֣כְנָה שְׁתֵּיהֶ֔ם עַד־בֹּאָ֖נָה בֵּ֣ית לָ֑חֶם
וַיְהִ֗י כְּבֹאָ֙נָה֙ בֵּ֣ית לֶ֔חֶם וַתֵּהֹ֤ם כָּל־הָעִיר֙ עֲלֵיהֶ֔ן וַתֹּאמַ֖רְנָה הֲזֹ֥את נָעֳמִֽי
19 And the two of them went till they came to Bethlehem.
And it was as they came to Bethlehem that all the city was excited concerning them, and the women said - is this Naomi?
14
27
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֲלֵיהֶ֔ן אַל־תִּקְרֶ֥אנָה לִ֖י נָעֳמִ֑י
קְרֶ֤אןָ לִי֙ מָרָ֔א כִּי־הֵמַ֥ר שַׁדַּ֛י לִ֖י מְאֹֽד
20 And she said to them, Do not call me Naomi. Call me Mara, for bitter is the Sufficient to me - excessively. 14
13
אֲנִי֙ מְלֵאָ֣ה הָלַ֔כְתִּי וְרֵיקָ֖ם הֱשִׁיבַ֣נִי יְהוָ֑ה
לָ֣מָּה תִקְרֶ֤אנָה לִי֙ נָעֳמִ֔י וַֽיהוָה֙ עָ֣נָה בִ֔י וְשַׁדַּ֖י הֵ֥רַֽע‪‬ לִֽי
21 I myself full went away, and empty Yahweh has returned me.
Why call me Naomi, for Yahweh has answered me, and the Sufficient brought trouble to me.
17
20
וַתָּ֣שָׁב נָעֳמִ֗י וְר֨וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֤ה כַלָּתָהּ֙ עִמָּ֔הּ הַשָּׁ֖בָה מִשְּׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֑ב
וְהֵ֗מָּה בָּ֚אוּ בֵּ֣ית לֶ֔חֶם בִּתְחִלַּ֖ת קְצִ֥יר שְׂעֹרִֽים
22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabite her daughter-in-law with her. She returned from the fields of Moab.
And they came to Bethlehem at the commencement of the harvest of barley.
25
16
Ruth 2
וּֽלְנָעֳמִ֞י מוֹדַ֣ע לְאִישָׁ֗הּ אִ֚ישׁ גִּבּ֣וֹר חַ֔יִל מִמִּשְׁפַּ֖חַת אֱלִימֶ֑לֶךְ
וּשְׁמ֖וֹ בֹּֽעַז
1 Now for Naomi there was an acquaintance of her man, a man of valor and ability from the family of Elimelek,
and his name was Boaz.
22
4
וַתֹּאמֶר֩ ר֨וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֜ה אֶֽל־נָעֳמִ֗י אֵֽלְכָה־נָּ֤א הַשָּׂדֶה֙ וַאֲלַקֳטָּ֣ה‬ בַשִׁבֳּלִ֔ים‬ אַחַ֕ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֶמְצָא־חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינָ֑יו
וַתֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ לְכִ֥י בִתִּֽי
2 And Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, Let me go please to the field and glean among the stalks of grain following that I may find favor in his eyes.
And she said to her, Go my daughter.
38
8
וַתֵּ֤לֶךְ וַתָּבוֹא֙ וַתְּלַקֵּ֣ט בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה אַחֲרֵ֖י הַקֹּצְרִ֑ים
וַיִּ֣קֶר מִקְרֶ֔הָ חֶלְקַ֤ת הַשָּׂדֶה֙ לְבֹ֔עַז אֲשֶׁ֖ר מִמִּשְׁפַּ֥חַת אֱלִימֶֽלֶךְ
3 And she went and she came and she gleaned
in the field following the reapers.
And she chanced by chance on the part of the field belonging to Boaz who was of the family of Elimelek.
18
24
וְהִנֵּה־בֹ֗עַז בָּ֚א מִבֵּ֣ית לֶ֔חֶם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לַקּוֹצְרִ֖ים יְהוָ֣ה עִמָּכֶ֑ם
וַיֹּ֥אמְרוּ ל֖וֹ יְבָרֶכְךָ֥ יְהוָֽה
4 And behold Boaz came from Bethlehem. And he said to the reapers, Yahweh be with you.
And they said to him, Yahweh bless you.
21
11
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר בֹּ֙עַז֙ לְנַעֲר֔וֹ הַנִּצָּ֖ב עַל־הַקּֽוֹצְרִ֑ים
לְמִ֖י הַנַּעֲרָ֥ה הַזֹּֽאת
5 And Boaz said to his lad who was monitoring the reapers,
Whose is that lass?
16
8
וַיַּ֗עַן הַנַּ֛עַר הַנִּצָּ֥ב עַל־הַקּוֹצְרִ֖ים וַיֹּאמַ֑ר
נַעֲרָ֤ה מֽוֹאֲבִיָּה֙ הִ֔יא הַשָּׁ֥בָה עִֽם־נָעֳמִ֖י מִשְּׂדֵ֥ה מוֹאָֽב
6 And the lad monitoring the reapers answered and he said.
She is the Moabite lass, she who returned with Naomi from the fields of Moab.
16
19
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר אֲלַקֳטָה־נָּא֙ וְאָסַפְתִּ֣י בָֽעֳמָרִ֔ים אַחֲרֵ֖י הַקּוֹצְרִ֑ים
וַתָּב֣וֹא וַֽתַּעֲמ֗וֹד מֵאָ֤ז הַבֹּ֙קֶר֙ וְעַד־עַ֔תָּה זֶ֛ה שִׁבְתָּ֥הּ הַבַּ֖יִת מְעָֽט
7 And she had said, please let me glean
and gather among the bales following the reapers.
And she came and she stood from then, the morning, and till this minute, sitting in the house briefly.
22
24
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ בֹּ֨עַז אֶל־ר֜וּת הֲל֧וֹא שָׁמַ֣עַתְּ בִּתִּ֗י אַל־תֵּלְכִי֙ לִלְקֹט֙ בְּשָׂדֶ֣ה אַחֵ֔ר וְגַ֛ם לֹ֥א תַעֲבוּרִ֖י מִזֶּ֑ה
וְכֹ֥ה תִדְבָּקִ֖ין עִם־נַעֲרֹתָֽי
8 And Boaz said to Ruth, Do you not hear, my daughter? Do not go to glean in the field of another and also do not pass beyond this one,
and thus stay close with my lasses,
33
10
עֵינַ֜יִךְ בַּשָּׂדֶ֤ה אֲשֶׁר־יִקְצֹרוּן֙ וְהָלַ֣כְתִּ‬ אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ן הֲל֥וֹא צִוִּ֛יתִי אֶת־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים לְבִלְתִּ֣י נָגְעֵ֑ךְ
וְצָמִ֗ת וְהָלַכְתְּ֙ אֶל־הַכֵּלִ֔ים וְשָׁתִ֕ית מֵאֲשֶׁ֥ר יִשְׁאֲב֖וּן הַנְּעָרִֽים
9 your eyes on the field where they reap
and you go behind them. Have I not commanded the lads not to touch you?
When you thirst, you go to the vessels
and imbibe from what the lads have drawn.
33
23
וַתִּפֹּל֙ עַל־פָּנֶ֔יהָ וַתִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ אָ֑רְצָה
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֗יו מַדּוּעַ֩ מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֤ן בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ לְהַכִּירֵ֔נִי וְאָּנֹכִ֖י‪ ‬נָכְרִיָּֽה
10 And she fell on her face and prostrated herself to the earth,
and said to him, Why do I find grace in your eyes that you would recognize me, but I am an alien?
13
28
וַיַּ֤עַן בֹּ֙עַז֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר לָ֔הּ הֻגֵּ֨ד הֻגַּ֜ד לִ֗י כֹּ֤ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשִׂית֙ אֶת־חֲמוֹתֵ֔ךְ אַחֲרֵ֖י מ֣וֹת אִישֵׁ֑ךְ
וַתַּֽעַזְבִ֞י אָּבִ֣יךְ‪‬ וְאִמֵּ֗ךְ וְאֶ֙רֶץ֙ מֽוֹלַדְתֵּ֔ךְ וַתֵּ֣לְכִ֔י אֶל־עַ֕ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־יָדַ֖עַתְּ תְּמ֥וֹל שִׁלְשֽׁוֹם
11 And Boaz answered and said to her, It has been clearly evident to me all that you have done for your mother-in-law after the death of your man.
And you forsook your father and your mother and the land that gave you birth and went to a people that you did not know the day before yesterday.
29
30
יְשַׁלֵּ֥ם יְהוָ֖ה פָּעֳלֵ֑ךְ
וּתְהִ֨י מַשְׂכֻּרְתֵּ֜ךְ שְׁלֵמָ֗ה מֵעִ֤ם יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁר־בָּ֖את לַחֲס֥וֹת תַּֽחַת־כְּנָפָֽיו
12 Yahweh make full payment for your work,
and let your wages be full payment from Yahweh the God of Israel to whom you came to take refuge under his wings.
8
29
וַ֠תֹּאמֶר אֶמְצָא־חֵ֨ן בְּעֵינֶ֤יךָ אֲדֹנִי֙ כִּ֣י נִֽחַמְתָּ֔נִי וְכִ֥י דִבַּ֖רְתָּ עַל־לֵ֣ב שִׁפְחָתֶ֑ךָ
וְאָנֹכִי֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽהְיֶ֔ה כְּאַחַ֖ת שִׁפְחֹתֶֽיךָ
13 And she said, Let me find grace in your eyes my lord, for you have comforted me,
for you have spoken to the heart of your handmaid and I myself am not one of your handmaids.
29
14
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ לָ֨ה בֹ֜עַז לְעֵ֣ת הָאֹ֗כֶל גֹּ֤שִֽׁי הֲלֹם֙ וְאָכַ֣לְתְּ מִן־הַלֶּ֔חֶם וְטָבַ֥לְתְּ פִּתֵּ֖ךְ בַּחֹ֑מֶץ
וַתֵּ֙שֶׁב֙ מִצַּ֣ד הַקּֽוֹצְרִ֔ים וַיִּצְבָּט־לָ֣הּ קָלִ֔י וַתֹּ֥אכַל וַתִּשְׂבַּ֖ע וַתֹּתַֽר
14 And Boaz said to her, At the time of eating come close here and eat of the bread and dip your morsel in the vinegar.
And she herself sat at the side of the reapers and he plied her with parched grain and she ate and she was sated and had leftovers.
32
23
וַתָּ֖קָם לְלַקֵּ֑ט
וַיְצַו֩ בֹּ֨עַז אֶת־נְעָרָ֜יו לֵאמֹ֗ר גַּ֣ם בֵּ֧ין הָֽעֳמָרִ֛ים תְּלַקֵּ֖ט וְלֹ֥א תַכְלִימֽוּהָ
15 And she arose to glean
and Boaz commanded his lads, Even between the bales let her glean, and do not humiliate her.
6
25
וְגַ֛ם שֹׁל־תָּשֹׁ֥לּוּ לָ֖הּ מִן־הַצְּבָתִ֑ים
וַעֲזַבְתֶּ֥ם וְלִקְּטָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א תִגְעֲרוּ־בָֽהּ
16 And even pilfer - pilfer for her from the bundles,
and discard them and let her glean, and do not rebuke her.
11
13
וַתְּלַקֵּ֥ט בַּשָּׂדֶ֖ה עַד־הָעָ֑רֶב
וַתַּחְבֹּט֙ אֵ֣ת אֲשֶׁר־לִקֵּ֔טָה וַיְהִ֖י כְּאֵיפָ֥ה שְׂעֹרִֽים
17 And she gleaned in the field till evening.
And she threshed what she had gleaned, and there was about an ephah of barley.
10
17
וַתִּשָּׂא֙ וַתָּב֣וֹא הָעִ֔יר וַתֵּ֥רֶא חֲמוֹתָ֖הּ אֵ֣ת אֲשֶׁר־לִקֵּ֑טָה
וַתּוֹצֵא֙ וַתִּתֶּן־לָ֔הּ אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־הוֹתִ֖רָה מִשָּׂבְעָֽהּ
18 And she lifted it up and came to the city and her mother-in-law saw what she gleaned.
And she brought out and gave to her
what she had left over after she was sated.
20
16
וַתֹּאמֶר֩ לָ֨הּ חֲמוֹתָ֜הּ אֵיפֹ֨ה לִקַּ֤טְתְּ הַיּוֹם֙ וְאָ֣נָה עָשִׂ֔ית יְהִ֥י מַכִּירֵ֖ךְ בָּר֑וּךְ
וַתַּגֵּ֣ד לַחֲמוֹתָ֗הּ אֵ֤ת אֲשֶׁר־עָשְׂתָה֙ עִמּ֔וֹ וַתֹּ֗אמֶר שֵׁ֤ם הָאִישׁ֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשִׂ֧יתִי עִמּ֛וֹ הַיּ֖וֹם בֹּֽעַז
19 And her mother-in-law said to her, Where did you glean today and how did you make out? May the one who recognized you be blessed.
And she made clear to her mother-in-law
that she had made out with him.
And she said, the name of the man
that I made out with today is Boaz.
26
31
וַתֹּ֨אמֶר נָעֳמִ֜י לְכַלָּתָ֗הּ בָּר֥וּךְ הוּא֙ לַיהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר֙ לֹא־עָזַ֣ב חַסְדּ֔וֹ אֶת־הַחַיִּ֖ים וְאֶת־הַמֵּתִ֑ים
וַתֹּ֧אמֶר לָ֣הּ נָעֳמִ֗י קָר֥וֹב לָ֙נוּ֙ הָאִ֔ישׁ מִֽגֹּאֲלֵ֖נוּ הֽוּא
20 And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, Blessed be he from Yahweh who has not forsaken his kindness for the living and the dead.
And Naomi said to her, Near to us is the man and our redeemer is he.
31
19
וַתֹּ֖אמֶר ר֣וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֑ה
גַּ֣ם ׀ כִּי־אָמַ֣ר אֵלַ֗י עִם־הַנְּעָרִ֤ים אֲשֶׁר־לִי֙ תִּדְבָּקִ֔ין עַ֣ד אִם־כִּלּ֔וּ אֵ֥ת כָּל־הַקָּצִ֖יר אֲשֶׁר־לִֽי
21 And Ruth the Moabite said,
For he even said to me, with my lads stay close till they even finish all my harvest.
9
27
וַתֹּ֥אמֶר נָעֳמִ֖י אֶל־ר֣וּת כַּלָּתָ֑הּ
ט֣וֹב בִּתִּ֗י כִּ֤י תֵֽצְאִי֙ עִם־נַ֣עֲרוֹתָ֔יו וְלֹ֥א יִפְגְּעוּ־בָ֖ךְ בְּשָׂדֶ֥ה אַחֵֽר
22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law,
It is good, my daughter, to go out with his lasses, that none force you into another field.
11
22
וַתִּדְבַּ֞ק בְּנַעֲר֥וֹת בֹּ֙עַז֙ לְלַקֵּ֔ט עַד־כְּל֥וֹת קְצִֽיר־הַשְּׂעֹרִ֖ים וּקְצִ֣יר הַֽחִטִּ֑ים
וַתֵּ֖שֶׁב אֶת־חֲמוֹתָֽהּ
23 So she stayed close with the lasses of Boaz, to glean till the consummation of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest.
And she settled with her mother-in-law.
25
7
Ruth 3
וַתֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ נָעֳמִ֣י חֲמוֹתָ֑הּ
בִּתִּ֞י הֲלֹ֧א אֲבַקֶּשׁ־לָ֛ךְ מָנ֖וֹחַ אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִֽיטַב־לָֽךְ
1 And Naomi her mother-in-law said to her,
My daughter, do I not seek for you rest
that it may be good for you?
10
16
וְעַתָּ֗ה הֲלֹ֥א בֹ֙עַז֙ מֹֽדַעְתָּ֔נוּ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיִ֖ית אֶת־נַעֲרוֹתָ֑יו
הִנֵּה־ה֗וּא זֹרֶ֛ה אֶת־גֹּ֥רֶן הַשְּׂעֹרִ֖ים הַלָּֽיְלָה
2 And now is not Boaz of our acquaintance
with whose lasses you were,
behold he himself winnows, threshing-floor, barley, tonight.
20
14
וְרָחַ֣צְתְּ ׀ וָסַ֗כְתְּ וְשַׂ֧מְתְּ שִׂמְלֹתַ֛יִךְ עָלַ֖יִךְ וְיָרַ֣דְתְּ הַגֹּ֑רֶן
אַל־תִּוָּדְעִ֣י לָאִ֔ישׁ עַ֥ד כַּלֹּת֖וֹ לֶאֱכֹ֥ל וְלִשְׁתּֽוֹת
3 So wash yourself and make yourself up and put your shawl on you, and descend to the threshing-floor.
Do not be known to the man till he finishes eating and imbibing.
24
16
וִיהִ֣י בְשָׁכְב֗וֹ וְיָדַ֙עַתְּ֙ אֶת־הַמָּקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִשְׁכַּב־שָׁ֔ם וּבָ֛את וְגִלִּ֥ית מַרְגְּלֹתָ֖יו וְשָׁכָ֑בְתְּ
וְהוּא֙ יַגִּ֣יד לָ֔ךְ אֵ֖ת אֲשֶׁ֥ר תַּעַשִֽׂין
4 And let it happen when he lies down. You know the place there where he lies down. And you come and uncover his feet and you lie down.
And he himself will make clear to you what you will do.
31
11
וַתֹּ֖אמֶר אֵלֶ֑יהָ
כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־תֹּאמְרִ֥י אֵלַ֖י אֶֽעֱשֶֽׂה
5 And she said to her,
All you have said to me I will do.
6
11
וַתֵּ֖רֶד הַגֹּ֑רֶן
וַתַּ֕עַשׂ כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוַּ֖תָּה חֲמוֹתָֽהּ
6 And she descended to the threshing-floor,
and she did everything just as
her mother-in-law commanded.
6
13
וַיֹּ֨אכַל בֹּ֤עַז וַיֵּשְׁתְּ֙ וַיִּיטַ֣ב לִבּ֔וֹ וַיָּבֹ֕א לִשְׁכַּ֖ב בִּקְצֵ֣ה הָעֲרֵמָ֑ה
וַתָּבֹ֣א בַלָּ֔ט וַתְּגַ֥ל מַרְגְּלֹתָ֖יו וַתִּשְׁכָּֽב
7 And Boaz ate and imbibed and his heart was merry and he came to lie down toward the end of the pile.
And she came in quietly, and uncovered his feet and lay down.
24
14
וַיְהִי֙ בַּחֲצִ֣י הַלַּ֔יְלָה וַיֶּחֱרַ֥ד הָאִ֖ישׁ וַיִּלָּפֵ֑ת
וְהִנֵּ֣ה אִשָּׁ֔ה שֹׁכֶ֖בֶת מַרְגְּלֹתָֽיו
8 And it was in the middle of the night and the man was apprehensive and tossed and turned,
and behold a woman lying at his feet.
18
12
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מִי־אָ֑תּ‬
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר אָנֹכִי֙ ר֣וּת אֲמָתֶ֔ךָ וּפָרַשְׂתָּ֤ כְנָפֶ֙ךָ֙ עַל־אֲמָ֣תְךָ֔ כִּ֥י גֹאֵ֖ל אָֽתָּה
9 And he said, Who?
And she said, I am Ruth your maidservant, so spread your wings over your maidservant for the one redeeming is you yourself.
5
28
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר בְּרוּכָ֨ה אַ֤תְּ לַֽיהוָה֙ בִּתִּ֔י הֵיטַ֛בְתְּ חַסְדֵּ֥ךְ הָאַחֲר֖וֹן מִן־הָרִאשׁ֑וֹן
לְבִלְתִּי־לֶ֗כֶת אַחֲרֵי֙ הַבַּ֣חוּרִ֔ים אִם־דַּ֖ל וְאִם־עָשִֽׁיר
10 And he said, You are blessed of Yahweh, my daughter, you have made good your mercy, the last from the beginning,
that you did not go after choice, whether weak or rich.
24
17
וְעַתָּ֗ה בִּתִּי֙ אַל־תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כֹּ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־תֹּאמְרִ֖י אֶֽעֱשֶׂה־לָּ֑ךְ
כִּ֤י יוֹדֵ֙עַ֙ כָּל־שַׁ֣עַר עַמִּ֔י כִּ֛י אֵ֥שֶׁת חַ֖יִל אָֽתְּ
11 And now my daughter have no fear. All that you say I will do for you,
for all my people of the gate know
that you are a woman of ability.
18
15
וְעַתָּה֙ כִּ֣י אָמְנָ֔ם כִּ֥י אם גֹאֵ֖ל אָנֹ֑כִי
וְגַ֛ם יֵ֥שׁ גֹּאֵ֖ל קָר֥וֹב מִמֶּֽנִּי
12 And now because truly, because if I am redeemer ...
but moreover there is a redeemer closer than I.
13
10
לִ֣ינִי ׀ הַלַּ֗יְלָה וְהָיָ֤ה בַבֹּ֙קֶר֙ אִם־יִגְאָלֵ֥ךְ טוֹב֙ יִגְאָ֔ל וְאִם־לֹ֨א יַחְפֹּ֧ץ לְגָֽאֳלֵ֛ךְ וּגְאַלְתִּ֥יךְ אָנֹ֖כִי חַי־יְהוָ֑ה
שִׁכְבִ֖י עַד־הַבֹּֽקֶר
13 You stop over tonight, and it will happen in the morning. If he will redeem, good, let him redeem, and if he is not delighted to redeem you, then I myself will redeem you, as Yahweh lives.
You lie down till the morning.
37
6
וַתִּשְׁכַּ֤ב מַרְגְּלוֹתָיוֹ֙‬ עַד־הַבֹּ֔קֶר וַתָּ֕קָם בְּטֶ֛רֶם יַכִּ֥יר אִ֖ישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵ֑הוּ
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַל־יִוָּדַ֔ע כִּי־בָ֥אָה הָאִשָּׁ֖ה הַגֹּֽרֶן
14 And she lay down at his feet till the morning and she arose before a man could recognize his friend.
And he said - let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing floor.
25
15
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הָ֠בִי הַמִּטְפַּ֧חַת אֲשֶׁר־עָלַ֛יִךְ וְאֶֽחֳזִי־בָ֖הּ וַתֹּ֣אחֶז בָּ֑הּ
וַיָּ֤מָד שֵׁשׁ־שְׂעֹרִים֙ וַיָּ֣שֶׁת עָלֶ֔יהָ וַיָּבֹ֖א הָעִֽיר
15 And he said - provide the cloak that is on you and hold it fast, and she held it fast.
And he measured six sweeps and put it on her and she went to the city.
23
18
וַתָּבוֹא֙ אֶל־חֲמוֹתָ֔הּ וַתֹּ֖אמֶר מִי־אַ֣תְּ בִּתִּ֑י
וַתַּ֨גֶּד־לָ֔הּ אֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָֽשָׂה־לָ֖הּ הָאִֽישׁ
16 And she came to her mother-in-law and she said, Is that you, my daughter?
And she made clear for her all that the man had done for her.
14
13
וַתֹּ֕אמֶר שֵׁשׁ־הַשְּׂעֹרִ֥ים הָאֵ֖לֶּה נָ֣תַן לִ֑י
כִּ֚י אָמַ֣ר אֵלַ֔י אַל־תָּב֥וֹאִי רֵיקָ֖ם אֶל־חֲמוֹתֵֽךְ
17 And she said, he gave me these six sweeps.
Because he said to me, You may not go
empty to your mother-in-law.
13
15
וַתֹּ֙אמֶר֙ שְׁבִ֣י בִתִּ֔י עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר תֵּֽדְעִ֔ין אֵ֖יךְ יִפֹּ֣ל דָּבָ֑ר
כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יִשְׁקֹט֙ הָאִ֔ישׁ כִּֽי־אִם־כִּלָּ֥ה הַדָּבָ֖ר הַיּֽוֹם
18 And she said, Sit tight my daughter until you know how a thing will fall out,
because the man will not be quiet. In this case, he will consummate the thing today.
17
14
Ruth 4
וּבֹ֨עַז עָלָ֣ה הַשַּׁעַר֮ וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב שָׁם֒ וְהִנֵּ֨ה הַגֹּאֵ֤ל עֹבֵר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּר־בֹּ֔עַז וַיֹּ֛אמֶר ס֥וּרָה שְׁבָה־פֹּ֖ה פְּלֹנִ֣י אַלְמֹנִ֑י
וַיָּ֖סַר וַיֵּשֵֽׁב
1 And Boaz ascended to the gate and sat there, and behold the redeemer passed by,
which Boaz spoke of, and he said, Turn aside, sit here. What a coincidence!
And he turned aside and sat down.
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6
וַיִּקַּ֞ח עֲשָׂרָ֧ה אֲנָשִׁ֛ים מִזִּקְנֵ֥י הָעִ֖יר וַיֹּ֣אמֶר שְׁבוּ־פֹ֑ה
וַיֵּשֵֽׁבוּ
2 And he got ten adults of the elders of the city, and he said sit here,
and they sat.
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4
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לַגֹּאֵ֔ל חֶלְקַת֙ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְאָחִ֖ינוּ לֶאֱלִימֶ֑לֶךְ
מָכְרָ֣ה נָעֳמִ֔י הַשָּׁ֖בָה מִשְּׂדֵ֥ה מוֹאָֽב
3 And he said to the redeemer, The part of the field of our brother Elimelek's
which Naomi who returned from the field of Moab is selling,
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12
וַאֲנִ֨י אָמַ֜רְתִּי אֶגְלֶ֧ה אָזְנְךָ֣ לֵאמֹ֗ר קְ֠נֵה נֶ֥גֶד הַֽיֹּשְׁבִים֮ וְנֶ֣גֶד זִקְנֵ֣י עַמִּי֒ אִם־תִּגְאַל֙ גְּאָ֔ל וְאִם־לֹ֨א יִגְאַ֜ל הַגִּ֣ידָה לִּ֗י וְאֵֽדְעָה֙ כִּ֣י אֵ֤ין זוּלָֽתְךָ֙ לִגְא֔וֹל וְאָנֹכִ֖י אַחֲרֶ֑יךָ
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אָנֹכִ֥י אֶגְאָֽל
4 and I myself had said I will disclose in your ear to say, Will you buy before those sitting here and before these elders of my people? If you will redeem, redeem and if he will not redeem, make it clear to me and I will know for there is none except you to redeem and I after you.
And he said, I myself will redeem.
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8
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר בֹּ֔עַז בְּיוֹם־קְנוֹתְךָ֥ הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה מִיַּ֣ד נָעֳמִ֑י
וּ֠מֵאֵת ר֣וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֤ה אֵֽשֶׁת־הַמֵּת֙ קָנִ֔יתָה לְהָקִ֥ים שֵׁם־הַמֵּ֖ת עַל־נַחֲלָתֽוֹ
5 And Boaz said, In the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi and from Ruth the Moabite, the wife of the dead,
you buy to raise up the name of the dead for his inheritance.
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27
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר הַגֹּאֵ֗ל לֹ֤א אוּכַל֙ לִגְאָל־לִ֔י פֶּן־אַשְׁחִ֖ית אֶת־נַחֲלָתִ֑י
גְּאַל־לְךָ֤ אַתָּה֙ אֶת־גְּאֻלָּתִ֔י כִּ֥י לֹא־אוּכַ֖ל לִגְאֹֽל
6 And the redeemer said, I cannot redeem her
lest I impair my own inheritance.
You redeem for you, yourself my redemption
for I cannot redeem.
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17
וְזֹאת֩ לְפָנִ֨ים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֜ל עַל־הַגְּאוּלָּ֤ה וְעַל־הַתְּמוּרָה֙ לְקַיֵּ֣ם כָּל־דָּבָ֔ר שָׁלַ֥ף אִ֛ישׁ נַעֲל֖וֹ וְנָתַ֣ן לְרֵעֵ֑הוּ
וְזֹ֥את הַתְּעוּדָ֖ה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל
7 And this before, in Israel, concerning the redemption and concerning the exchange to raise any matter, a man would flip off his sandal and give it to his friend.
And this was the attestation in Israel.
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9
וַיֹּ֧אמֶר הַגֹּאֵ֛ל לְבֹ֖עַז קְנֵה־לָ֑ךְ
וַיִּשְׁלֹ֖ף נַעֲלֽוֹ
8 And the redeemer said to Boaz, Buy for yourself,
and he flipped off his sandal.
12
6
וַיֹּאמֶר֩ בֹּ֨עַז לַזְּקֵנִ֜ים וְכָל־הָעָ֗ם עֵדִ֤ים אַתֶּם֙ הַיּ֔וֹם כִּ֤י קָנִ֙יתִי֙ אֶת־כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֶֽאֱלִימֶ֔לֶךְ וְאֵ֛ת כָּל־אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְכִלְי֖וֹן וּמַחְל֑וֹן
מִיַּ֖ד נָעֳמִֽי
9 And Boaz said to the elders and all the people, Witnesses you are today for I have bought all that was Elimelek's and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's,
from the hand of Naomi.
42
5
וְגַ֣ם אֶת־ר֣וּת הַמֹּאֲבִיָּה֩ אֵ֨שֶׁת מַחְל֜וֹן קָנִ֧יתִי לִ֣י לְאִשָּׁ֗ה לְהָקִ֤ים שֵׁם־הַמֵּת֙ עַל־נַ֣חֲלָת֔וֹ וְלֹא־יִכָּרֵ֧ת שֵׁם־הַמֵּ֛ת מֵעִ֥ם אֶחָ֖יו וּמִשַּׁ֣עַר מְקוֹמ֑וֹ
עֵדִ֥ים אַתֶּ֖ם הַיּֽוֹם
10 And moreover Ruth the Moabite the wife of Mahlon I have bought to me, as wife to raise up the name of the dead for his inheritance so the name of the dead is not cut off from his brothers and from the gate of his place.
Witnesses you are today.
50
6
וַיֹּ֨אמְר֜וּ כָּל־הָעָ֧ם אֲשֶׁר־בַּשַּׁ֛עַר וְהַזְּקֵנִ֖ים עֵדִ֑ים
יִתֵּן֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֶֽת־הָאִשָּׁ֜ה הַבָּאָ֣ה אֶל־בֵּיתֶ֗ךָ כְּרָחֵ֤ל ׀ וּכְלֵאָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר בָּנ֤וּ שְׁתֵּיהֶם֙ אֶת־בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַעֲשֵׂה־חַ֣יִל בְּאֶפְרָ֔תָה וּקְרָא־שֵׁ֖ם בְּבֵ֥ית לָֽחֶם
11 And they said - all the people that were in the gate and the elders,
Witnesses. Let Yahweh give to the wife coming to your house as to Rachel and as to Leah which two built the house of Israel and you make wealth in Ephratha and acclaim a name in Bethlehem.
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49
וִיהִ֤י בֵֽיתְךָ֙ כְּבֵ֣ית פֶּ֔רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָ֥ה תָמָ֖ר לִֽיהוּדָ֑ה
מִן־הַזֶּ֗רַע אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִתֵּ֤ן יְהוָה֙ לְךָ֔ מִן־הַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת
12 And let your house be as the house of Perez which Tamar gave birth to Judah,
from the seed which Yahweh will give you from this lass.
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19
וַיִּקַּ֨ח בֹּ֤עַז אֶת־רוּת֙ וַתְּהִי־ל֣וֹ לְאִשָּׁ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֖א אֵלֶ֑יהָ
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן יְהוָ֥ה לָ֛הּ הֵרָי֖וֹן וַתֵּ֥לֶד בֵּֽן
13 So Boaz got Ruth and she became his wife
and he came to her,
and Yahweh gave her pregnancy and she gave birth to a son.
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13
וַתֹּאמַ֤רְנָה הַנָּשִׁים֙ אֶֽל־נָעֳמִ֔י בָּר֣וּךְ יְהוָ֔ה אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א הִשְׁבִּ֥ית לָ֛ךְ גֹּאֵ֖ל הַיּ֑וֹם
וְיִקָּרֵ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽ
14 And the women said to Naomi, Blessed is Yahweh who has not ceased redemption for you today.
And may his name be acclaimed in Israel.
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10
וְהָ֤יָה לָךְ֙ לְמֵשִׁ֣יב נֶ֔פֶשׁ וּלְכַלְכֵּ֖ל אֶת־שֵׂיבָתֵ֑ךְ
כִּ֣י כַלָּתֵ֤ךְ אֲ‍ֽשֶׁר־אֲהֵבַ֙תֶךְ֙ יְלָדַ֔תּוּ אֲשֶׁר־הִיא֙ ט֣וֹבָה לָ֔ךְ מִשִּׁבְעָ֖ה בָּנִֽים
15 And he will be for you one who restores you and nourishes your grey hair.
For your daughter-in-law who loves you and gave birth to him is better for you than seven sons.
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24
וַתִּקַּ֨ח נָעֳמִ֤י אֶת־הַיֶּ֙לֶד֙ וַתְּשִׁתֵ֣הוּ בְחֵיקָ֔הּ וַתְּהִי־ל֖וֹ לְאֹמֶֽנֶת 16 And Naomi got the boy, and set him in her lap, and became for him his confidante. 23
וַתִּקְרֶאנָה֩ ל֨וֹ הַשְּׁכֵנ֥וֹת שֵׁם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יֻלַּד־בֵּ֖ן לְנָעֳמִ֑י
וַתִּקְרֶ֤אנָֽה שְׁמוֹ֙ עוֹבֵ֔ד ה֥וּא אֲבִי־יִשַׁ֖י אֲבִ֥י דָוִֽד פ
17 And the neighbours called him a name saying, A son is born to Naomi.
And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David. P
18
17
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ תּוֹלְד֣וֹת פָּ֔רֶץ פֶּ֖רֶץ הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־חֶצְרֽוֹן 18 And these are the successions of Perez. Perez had Hetsron. 14
וְחֶצְרוֹן֙ הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־רָ֔ם וְרָ֖ם הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־עַמִּֽינָדָֽב 19 And Hetsron had Ram, and Ram had Aminadab. 16
וְעַמִּֽינָדָב֙ הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־נַחְשׁ֔וֹן וְנַחְשׁ֖וֹן הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־שַׂלְמָֽה 20 And Aminadab had Nashon, and Nashon had Salmah. 18
וְשַׂלְמוֹן֙ הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־בֹּ֔עַז וּבֹ֖עַז הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־עוֹבֵֽד 21 And Salmon had Boaz, and Boaz had Obed. 16
וְעֹבֵד֙ הוֹלִ֣יד אֶת־יִשָׁ֔י וְיִשַׁ֖י הוֹלִ֥יד אֶת־דָּוִֽד 22 And Obed had Jesse, and Jesse had David. 16


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