Sunday, September 3, 2017

Exodus 39

Alas, the cunning work of the KJV is so expressive. But it doesn't fit my concordance rules. I have already so compromised the common words for movement - go walk come enter etc, that I don't want to do a similar compromise with words for doing, making, construction, etc. So how does one describe the weaving (already used gloss somewhere else) and the clear sense that this is a form of art with words like do and device? Stretch. JB has the idea of damask, "a figured woven fabric with a pattern visible on both sides, typically used for table linen and upholstery". Whole bunches of suggestions in that sentence. Plenty of glosses I have not yet used. But the myriad possibilities will be delayed till the next time I read this section and create some poetry, if ever. Perhaps someone else will love the text as others have done and use art to alleviate the perceived violence in this canon.

The difficulty is that all the inventiveness in English will belie the mundane common words in Hebrew and create artificial hapaxes in the host language. O well, ... So be it.

I have a few other problems. Sometimes I wonder if the puzzle is getting away from me, like an Escher staircase or a puzzle that will not lie flat on the surface. Perhaps it is even a self-portrait. I chuckled at a misread pun in verse 43. The use of its in this chapter is questionable, mostly everything is hers that is made so most of the its are hers, except verses 35, 36, 39 where they are all his. The dwelling of the Mystery is in the female. But the Mystery is male.

But in verse 23 one can read אתה as you rather than the את with an enclitic female pronoun ה. And behold they had made you. The computer was wrong of course.

One of my problems as noted above has to do with the pervasive word עשה do/make/undertake. And other possible glosses. (I have far worse problems than this but unrelated to translation, except that everything is related to our internal enemies. They are too strong for us according to the Psalms, but we are to be made stronger than they according to Torah, e.g. Exodus 23. The Psalms are a corrective key for reading Torah, illustrating how to use the power of God for maturity rather than violence.)

I don't know what the red dye crimson scarlet (תוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י) is from. I suppose I could believe it is from doubly (שׁני) crushed shells of some sort of worm (תולע), but certainly the two words are always combined grammatically in the list where the other colours are not. The pairing occurs only in Exodus  (25-28, 35, 36, 38, 39). I expect we will back up into these chapters after my tentative decisions here.

Exodus 28, largely repeating parts of this chapter, is next on my lists.

Exodus 39 Fn Min Max Syll
וּמִן־הַתְּכֵ֤לֶת וְהָֽאַרְגָּמָן֙ וְתוֹלַ֣עַת הַשָּׁנִ֔י עָשׂ֥וּ בִגְדֵי־שְׂרָ֖ד לְשָׁרֵ֣ת בַּקֹּ֑דֶשׁ
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֞וּ אֶת־בִּגְדֵ֤י הַקֹּ֙דֶשׁ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לְאַהֲרֹ֔ן כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
1 And from the amethyst and the purple, and the crimson scarlet, they made pleated garments to minister in the sanctuary,
and they made the garments of the sanctuary that are for Aaron, as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3d 4C 29
וַיַּ֖עַשׂ אֶת־הָאֵפֹ֑ד
זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֧לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְתוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מָשְׁזָֽר
2 And he made the ephod,
gold, amethyst and purple and crimson scarlet, and fine twined linen.
3c 4A 7
וַֽיְרַקְּע֞וּ אֶת־פַּחֵ֣י הַזָּהָב֮ וְקִצֵּ֣ץ פְּתִילִם֒ לַעֲשׂ֗וֹת בְּת֤וֹךְ הַתְּכֵ֙לֶת֙ וּבְת֣וֹךְ הָֽאַרְגָּמָ֔ן וּבְת֛וֹךְ תּוֹלַ֥עַת הַשָּׁנִ֖י וּבְת֣וֹךְ הַשֵּׁ֑שׁ
מַעֲשֵׂ֖ה חֹשֵֽׁב
3 And they pummeled to foil the gold, and sundered wiring, to interleave in the midst of the amethyst, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the crimson scarlet, and in the midst of the fine linen,
to interleave a damask.
3d 4C 41
כְּתֵפֹ֥ת עָֽשׂוּ־ל֖וֹ חֹבְרֹ֑ת
עַל־שְׁנֵ֥י קְצוֹתָ֖יו חֻבָּֽר
4 Shoulders they made for it as partners.
On both its extremities it was partnered.
3e 4A 7
וְחֵ֨שֶׁב אֲפֻדָּת֜וֹ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָלָ֗יו מִמֶּ֣נּוּ הוּא֮ כְּמַעֲשֵׂהוּ֒ זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֧לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְתוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י וְשֵׁ֣שׁ מָשְׁזָ֑ר
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
5 The device of his ephod that was on it was from it, similar in its construction, gold, amethyst and purple and crimson scarlet, and fine twined linen,
as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3c 4B 39
וַֽיַּעֲשׂוּ֙ אֶת־אַבְנֵ֣י הַשֹּׁ֔הַם מֻֽסַבֹּ֖ת מִשְׁבְּצֹ֣ת זָהָ֑ב
מְפֻתָּחֹת֙ פִּתּוּחֵ֣י חוֹתָ֔ם עַל־שְׁמ֖וֹת בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
6 And they made onyx stones set round about in filigreed gold,
carved, the carving of a seal based on the names of the children of Israel.
3e 4B 18
וַיָּ֣שֶׂם אֹתָ֗ם עַ֚ל כִּתְפֹ֣ת הָאֵפֹ֔ד אַבְנֵ֥י זִכָּר֖וֹן לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
7 And he set them on the shoulder-straps of the ephod, memorial stones to the children of Israel,
as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3d 4C 21
וַיַּ֧עַשׂ אֶת־הַחֹ֛שֶׁן מַעֲשֵׂ֥ה חֹשֵׁ֖ב כְּמַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֵפֹ֑ד
זָהָ֗ב תְּכֵ֧לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְתוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י וְשֵׁ֥שׁ מָשְׁזָֽר
8 And he constructed the breastplate to interleave a damask like the construction of the ephod,
gold, amethyst and purple and crimson scarlet, and fine twined linen.
3c 4B 18
רָב֧וּעַ הָיָ֛ה כָּפ֖וּל עָשׂ֣וּ אֶת־הַחֹ֑שֶׁן
זֶ֧רֶת אָרְכּ֛וֹ וְזֶ֥רֶת רָחְבּ֖וֹ כָּפֽוּל
9 Four-square, it was, double they made the breastplate,
a span its length, and a span its breadth, double.
3c 4B 13
וַיְמַלְאוּ־ב֔וֹ אַרְבָּעָ֖ה ט֣וּרֵי אָ֑בֶן
ט֗וּר אֹ֤דֶם פִּטְדָה֙ וּבָרֶ֔קֶת הַטּ֖וּר הָאֶחָֽד
10 And they will fill within it four rows of stone,
a row of sard, topaz, and carbuncle, the first row.
3e 4C 10
וְהַטּ֖וּר הַשֵּׁנִ֑י
נֹ֥פֶךְ סַפִּ֖יר וְיָהֲלֹֽם
11 And the second row,
emerald, sapphire, and diamond.
3e 4A 6
וְהַטּ֖וּר הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֑י
לֶ֥שֶׁם שְׁב֖וֹ וְאַחְלָֽמָה
12 And the third row,
hyacinth, agate, and dream-stone.
3e 4A 6
וְהַטּוּר֙ הָֽרְבִיעִ֔י תַּרְשִׁ֥ישׁ שֹׁ֖הַם וְיָשְׁפֵ֑ה
מֽוּסַבֹּ֛ת מִשְׁבְּצ֥וֹת זָהָ֖ב בְּמִלֻּאֹתָֽם
13 And the fourth row, beryl, onyx, and jasper,
surrounded by filigreed gold in their fillings.
3d 4A 13
וְ֠הָאֲבָנִים עַל־שְׁמֹ֨ת בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֥ל הֵ֛נָּה שְׁתֵּ֥ים עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה עַל־שְׁמֹתָ֑ם
פִּתּוּחֵ֤י חֹתָם֙ אִ֣ישׁ עַל־שְׁמ֔וֹ לִשְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ר שָֽׁבֶט
14 ~ And the stones are after the names of the children of Israel. Behold, twelve after their names,
carved as seals, each after its name for the twelve sceptres.
3d 4C 23
וַיַּעֲשׂ֧וּ עַל־הַחֹ֛שֶׁן שַׁרְשְׁרֹ֥ת גַּבְלֻ֖ת מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה עֲבֹ֑ת
זָהָ֖ב טָהֽוֹר
15 And they made links on the breastplate, borders to interleave cords,
lustrous gold.
3c 4B 18
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֗וּ שְׁתֵּי֙ מִשְׁבְּצֹ֣ת זָהָ֔ב וּשְׁתֵּ֖י טַבְּעֹ֣ת זָהָ֑ב
וַֽיִּתְּנ֗וּ אֶת־שְׁתֵּי֙ הַטַּבָּעֹ֔ת עַל־שְׁנֵ֖י קְצ֥וֹת הַחֹֽשֶׁן
16 And they made two filigrees of gold and two rings of gold,
and positioned the two rings on both extremities of the breastplate.
3e 4B 17
וַֽיִּתְּנ֗וּ שְׁתֵּי֙ הָעֲבֹתֹ֣ת הַזָּהָ֔ב עַל־שְׁתֵּ֖י הַטַּבָּעֹ֑ת
עַל־קְצ֖וֹת הַחֹֽשֶׁן
17 And they positioned the two gold cords on both the rings,
on the extremities of the breastplate.
3e 4B 19
וְאֵ֨ת שְׁתֵּ֤י קְצוֹת֙ שְׁתֵּ֣י הָֽעֲבֹתֹ֔ת נָתְנ֖וּ עַל־שְׁתֵּ֣י הַֽמִּשְׁבְּצֹ֑ת
וַֽיִּתְּנֻ֛ם עַל־כִּתְפֹ֥ת הָאֵפֹ֖ד אֶל־מ֥וּל פָּנָֽיו
18 And the two extremities of the two cords they positioned on both the filigrees,
and he positioned them on the shoulder-straps of the ephod to be in the forefront before it.
3d 4C 21
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֗וּ שְׁתֵּי֙ טַבְּעֹ֣ת זָהָ֔ב וַיָּשִׂ֕ימוּ עַל־שְׁנֵ֖י קְצ֣וֹת הַחֹ֑שֶׁן
עַל־שְׂפָת֕וֹ אֲשֶׁ֛ר אֶל־עֵ֥בֶר הָאֵפֹ֖ד בָּֽיְתָה
19 And they made two rings of gold that they put on both extremities of the breastplate,
on its lip that was to cross over the ephod in its housing.
3d 4B 22
וַֽיַּעֲשׂוּ֮ שְׁתֵּ֣י טַבְּעֹ֣ת זָהָב֒ וַֽיִּתְּנֻ֡ם עַל־שְׁתֵּי֩ כִתְפֹ֨ת הָאֵפֹ֤ד מִלְמַ֙טָּה֙ מִמּ֣וּל פָּנָ֔יו לְעֻמַּ֖ת מֶחְבַּרְתּ֑וֹ
מִמַּ֕עַל לְחֵ֖שֶׁב הָאֵפֹֽד
20 And they made two rings of gold to position on both the shoulder-straps of the ephod, downward from the cutting edge of its face set against its partner,
above the damask of the ephod.
3e 4C 34
וַיִּרְכְּס֣וּ אֶת־הַחֹ֡שֶׁן מִטַּבְּעֹתָיו֩ אֶל־טַבְּעֹ֨ת הָאֵפֹ֜ד בִּפְתִ֣יל תְּכֵ֗לֶת לִֽהְיֹת֙ עַל־חֵ֣שֶׁב הָאֵפֹ֔ד וְלֹֽא־יִזַּ֣ח הַחֹ֔שֶׁן מֵעַ֖ל הָאֵפֹ֑ד
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
21 And they tethered the breastplate from its rings to the rings of the ephod with lace of amethyst to be above the damask of the ephod, so as not to dislocate the breastplate from the ephod,
as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3d 4B 42
וַיַּ֛עַשׂ אֶת־מְעִ֥יל הָאֵפֹ֖ד מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֹרֵ֑ג
כְּלִ֖יל תְּכֵֽלֶת
22 And he made the mantle of the ephod interleaved, woven,
entirely of amethyst.
3d 4B 14
וּפִֽי־הַמְּעִ֥יל בְּתוֹכ֖וֹ כְּפִ֣י תַחְרָ֑א
שָׂפָ֥ה לְפִ֛יו סָבִ֖יב לֹ֥א יִקָּרֵֽעַ
23 And the collar of the mantle in the midst of it, like the collar of a tunic.
The lip to its collar round about will not be ripped.
3d 4B 11
וַֽיַּעֲשׂוּ֙ עַל־שׁוּלֵ֣י הַמְּעִ֔יל רִמּוֹנֵ֕י תְּכֵ֥לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֖ן וְתוֹלַ֣עַת שָׁנִ֑י
24 And they made on the skirts of the mantle, pomegranates of amethyst and purple and crimson scarlet,
3e 4B 25
וַיַּעֲשׂ֥וּ פַעֲמֹנֵ֖י זָהָ֣ב טָה֑וֹר
וַיִּתְּנ֨וּ אֶת־הַפַּֽעֲמֹנִ֜ים בְּת֣וֹךְ הָרִמֹּנִ֗ים עַל־שׁוּלֵ֤י הַמְּעִיל֙ סָבִ֔יב בְּת֖וֹךְ הָרִמֹּנִֽים
25 And they made bells of lustrous gold,
and positioned the bells among the pomegranates on the skirt of the mantle round about, among the pomegranates.
3e 4C 12
פַּעֲמֹ֤ן וְרִמֹּן֙ פַּעֲמֹ֣ן וְרִמֹּ֔ן עַל־שׁוּלֵ֥י הַמְּעִ֖יל סָבִ֑יב
לְשָׁרֵ֕ת כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
26 A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, on the skirt of the mantle round about,
to minister as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3d 4C 19
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֛וּ אֶת־הַכָּתְנֹ֥ת שֵׁ֖שׁ מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה אֹרֵ֑ג
לְאַהֲרֹ֖ן וּלְבָנָֽיו
27 And they made coats of fine linen, interleaved, woven,
for Aaron and for his children.
3d 4B 14
וְאֵת֙ הַמִּצְנֶ֣פֶת שֵׁ֔שׁ וְאֶת־פַּאֲרֵ֥י הַמִּגְבָּעֹ֖ת שֵׁ֑שׁ
וְאֶת־מִכְנְסֵ֥י הַבָּ֖ד שֵׁ֥שׁ מָשְׁזָֽר
28 And the turban of fine linen, and the adornment of the bonnets of fine linen,
and breeches of linen, fine twined linen.
3e 4B 17
וְֽאֶת־הָאַבְנֵ֞ט שֵׁ֣שׁ מָשְׁזָ֗ר וּתְכֵ֧לֶת וְאַרְגָּמָ֛ן וְתוֹלַ֥עַת שָׁנִ֖י מַעֲשֵׂ֣ה רֹקֵ֑ם
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
29 And the waistband of fine twined linen, and amethyst and purple and crimson scarlet, to interleave with embroidery,
as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3c 4B 26
וַֽיַּעֲשׂ֛וּ אֶת־צִ֥יץ נֵֽזֶר־הַקֹּ֖דֶשׁ זָהָ֣ב טָה֑וֹר
וַיִּכְתְּב֣וּ עָלָ֗יו מִכְתַּב֙ פִּתּוּחֵ֣י חוֹתָ֔ם קֹ֖דֶשׁ לַיהוָֽה
30 And they made the blossom of the consecration of the sanctuary with lustrous gold,
and they wrote on it writing carved by the seal, Holy to Yahweh.
3d 4B 15
וַיִּתְּנ֤וּ עָלָיו֙ פְּתִ֣יל תְּכֵ֔לֶת לָתֵ֥ת עַל־הַמִּצְנֶ֖פֶת מִלְמָ֑עְלָה
כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶֽׁה
31 And positioned a lace of amethyst on it, to position above the turban, from above it,
as Yahweh commanded Moses.
3d 4C 20
וַתֵּ֕כֶל כָּל־עֲבֹדַ֕ת מִשְׁכַּ֖ן אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ד
וַֽיַּעֲשׂוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל כְּ֠כֹל אֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֖ה כֵּ֥ן עָשֽׂוּ
32 And all the service of the dwelling-place of the tent of engagement was finished,
and the children of Israel did according to everything that Yahweh commanded Moses. So they did.
3c 4B 13
וַיָּבִ֤יאוּ אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֶת־הָאֹ֖הֶל וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָ֑יו
קְרָסָ֣יו קְרָשָׁ֔יו בְּרִיחָ֖יו וְעַמֻּדָ֥יו וַאֲדָנָֽיו
33 And they brought the dwelling-place to Moses, the tent and all its vessels,
its knobs, its planks, its cross-beams, and its pillars, and its sockets,
3e 4C 20
וְאֶת־מִכְסֵ֞ה עוֹרֹ֤ת הָֽאֵילִם֙ הַמְאָדָּמִ֔ים וְאֶת־מִכְסֵ֖ה עֹרֹ֣ת הַתְּחָשִׁ֑ים
וְאֵ֖ת פָּרֹ֥כֶת הַמָּסָֽךְ
34 And the covering of the rams skins dyed red, and the covering of the dyed indigo skins,
and the veil of the screen,
3e 4C 22
אֶת־אֲרֹ֥ן הָעֵדֻ֖ת וְאֶת־בַּדָּ֑יו
וְאֵ֖ת הַכַּפֹּֽרֶת
35 The ark of the testimony, and its shafts,
and the ark-cover,
3e 4A 10
אֶת־הַשֻּׁלְחָן֙ אֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָ֔יו וְאֵ֖ת לֶ֥חֶם הַפָּנִֽים 36 The table, all its vessels, and the bread of the presence, 3e 3g 15
אֶת־הַמְּנֹרָ֨ה הַטְּהֹרָ֜ה אֶת־נֵרֹתֶ֗יהָ נֵרֹ֛ת הַמַּֽעֲרָכָ֖ה וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלֶ֑יהָ
וְאֵ֖ת שֶׁ֥מֶן הַמָּאֽוֹר
37 The lustrous lamp stand, its lamps, the lamps to be arranged and all its vessels,
and the oil for the light,
3d 4A 25
וְאֵת֙ מִזְבַּ֣ח הַזָּהָ֔ב וְאֵת֙ שֶׁ֣מֶן הַמִּשְׁחָ֔ה וְאֵ֖ת קְטֹ֣רֶת הַסַּמִּ֑ים
וְאֵ֕ת מָסַ֖ךְ פֶּ֥תַח הָאֹֽהֶל
38 And the altar of gold, and the anointing oil, and incense of the sweet spices,
and the screen at the door of the tent,
3e 4B 22
אֵ֣ת ׀ מִזְבַּ֣ח הַנְּחֹ֗שֶׁת וְאֶת־מִכְבַּ֤ר הַנְּחֹ֙שֶׁת֙ אֲשֶׁר־ל֔וֹ אֶת־בַּדָּ֖יו וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָ֑יו
אֶת־הַכִּיֹּ֖ר וְאֶת־כַּנּֽוֹ
39 B The altar of brass, and the grate of brass for it, its shafts and all its vessels,
the laver and its base,
3e 4C 24
אֵת֩ קַלְעֵ֨י הֶחָצֵ֜ר אֶת־עַמֻּדֶ֣יהָ וְאֶת־אֲדָנֶ֗יהָ וְאֶת־הַמָּסָךְ֙ לְשַׁ֣עַר הֶֽחָצֵ֔ר אֶת־מֵיתָרָ֖יו וִיתֵדֹתֶ֑יהָ
וְאֵ֗ת כָּל־כְּלֵ֛י עֲבֹדַ֥ת הַמִּשְׁכָּ֖ן לְאֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד
40 The hangings of the court, its pillars and their sockets, and the portiere for the gate of the court, its taut strings and its tent pegs,
and all the vessels of the service of the dwelling-place for the tent of engagement,
3d 4B 37
אֶת־בִּגְדֵ֥י הַשְּׂרָ֖ד לְשָׁרֵ֣ת בַּקֹּ֑דֶשׁ
אֶת־בִּגְדֵ֤י הַקֹּ֙דֶשׁ֙ לְאַהֲרֹ֣ן הַכֹּהֵ֔ן וְאֶת־בִּגְדֵ֥י בָנָ֖יו לְכַהֵֽן
41 The garments pleated to minister in the sanctuary,
the garments of the sanctuary for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his children for the priesthood,
3e 4C 11
כְּכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה אֶת־מֹשֶׁ֑ה
כֵּ֤ן עָשׂוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֵ֖ת כָּל־הָעֲבֹדָֽה
42 According to everything that Yahweh commanded Moses,
so the children of Israel did all the service.
3d 4C 11
וַיַּ֨רְא מֹשֶׁ֜ה אֶת־כָּל־הַמְּלָאכָ֗ה וְהִנֵּה֙ עָשׂ֣וּ אֹתָ֔הּ כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר צִוָּ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה כֵּ֣ן עָשׂ֑וּ
וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ אֹתָ֖ם מֹשֶֽׁה
43 And Moses saw all the lines of work, and behold they had made it. As Yahweh commanded, so they made,
and Moses blessed them.
3d 4B 26

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