Sunday, July 23, 2017

Jeremiah 22

Taking sporadic breaks over the next several weeks. Busy on other things. I will miss working on the puzzle, but it will still be there after whatever breaks I take.

I picked a chapter of Jeremiah just to see what it was like after so much time on the cult and its sacrifices. Verse 3 is pleasing - it reflects the character of Yahweh in the Psalms. To act as this character acts is to know the same (verse 16). To fail to act this way, and the ruler reflects the character of the people, is a sad ending. Very sad, but no wailing is requested.

In the land before quotation marks, speech is often introduced by the word אמר, or saying. I also capitalize the first letter of direct speech. And here in verse 18, the word saying is omitted in the Hebrew. This is rare, but the rationale for it is clear. The writer is reporting the text of traditional laments at a wake. But they were not actually said in this case.

Jeremiah 22 Fn Min Max Syll
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה רֵ֖ד בֵּֽית־מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֑ה
וְדִבַּרְתָּ֣ שָׁ֔ם אֶת־הַדָּבָ֖ר הַזֶּֽה
1 C Thus says Yahweh, Go down to the house of the king of Judah,
and speak there this word.
3e 4C 12
11
וְאָֽמַרְתָּ֙ שְׁמַ֣ע דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֔ה הַיֹּשֵׁ֖ב עַל־כִּסֵּ֣א דָוִ֑ד
אַתָּ֤ה וַעֲבָדֶ֙יךָ֙ וְעַמְּךָ֔ הַבָּאִ֖ים בַּשְּׁעָרִ֥ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
2 And say, Hear the word of Yahweh, king of Judah, who sits on the throne of David,
you and your servants and your people that come into these gates.
3e 4C 23
19
כֹּ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה עֲשׂ֤וּ מִשְׁפָּט֙ וּצְדָקָ֔ה וְהַצִּ֥ילוּ גָז֖וּל מִיַּ֣ד עָשׁ֑וֹק
וְגֵר֩ יָת֨וֹם וְאַלְמָנָ֤ה אַל־תֹּנוּ֙ אַל־תַּחְמֹ֔סוּ וְדָ֣ם נָקִ֔י אַֽל־תִּשְׁפְּכ֖וּ בַּמָּק֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
3 B Thus says Yahweh, Do judgment and righteousness and deliver one who is robbed from the hand of the oppressor,
And guest, orphan, and widow, do not suppress, do not do violence. And the blood of an innocent do not pour out in this place.
3e 4C 22
28
כִּ֤י אִם־עָשׂוֹ֙ תַּֽעֲשׂ֔וּ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֖ר הַזֶּ֑ה
וּבָ֣אוּ בְשַׁעֲרֵ֣י הַבַּ֣יִת הַזֶּ֡ה מְלָכִים֩ יֹשְׁבִ֨ים לְדָוִ֜ד עַל־כִּסְא֗וֹ רֹֽכְבִים֙ בָּרֶ֣כֶב וּבַסּוּסִ֔ים ה֥וּא וַעֲבָדָ֖יו וְעַמּֽוֹ
4 C For if you do, you do this thing, then sovereigns will enter into the gates of this house,
sitting for David on his throne, riders in the chariot and on horses, he and his servants and his people.
3e 4C 13
40
וְאִם֙ לֹ֣א תִשְׁמְע֔וּ אֶת־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵ֑לֶּה
בִּ֤י נִשְׁבַּ֙עְתִּי֙ נְאֻם־יְהוָ֔ה כִּי־לְחָרְבָּ֥ה יִֽהְיֶ֖ה הַבַּ֥יִת הַזֶּֽה
5 And if you will not hear these words,
by myself I have sworn, an oracle of Yahweh, that this house will be deserted.
3e 4C 13
19
כִּֽי־כֹ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה עַל־בֵּית֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֔ה גִּלְעָ֥ד אַתָּ֛ה לִ֖י רֹ֣אשׁ הַלְּבָנ֑וֹן
אִם־לֹ֤א אֲשִֽׁיתְךָ֙ מִדְבָּ֔ר עָרִ֖ים לֹ֥א נוֹשָֽׁבוּ
6 Because thus says Yahweh, Concerning the house of king of Judah, Gilead you are for me, the head of Lebanon,
if I do not set you as a wilderness, cities uninhabited.
3d 4C 22
13
וְקִדַּשְׁתִּ֥י עָלֶ֛יךָ מַשְׁחִתִ֖ים אִ֣ישׁ וְכֵלָ֑יו
וְכָֽרְתוּ֙ מִבְחַ֣ר אֲרָזֶ֔יךָ וְהִפִּ֖ילוּ עַל־הָאֵֽשׁ
7 And I will sanctify destroyers over you, a representative and its instruments,
and they will cut your choice cedars and have them fall on the fire.
3d 4B 14
16
וְעָֽבְרוּ֙ גּוֹיִ֣ם רַבִּ֔ים עַ֖ל הָעִ֣יר הַזֹּ֑את
וְאָֽמְרוּ֙ אִ֣ישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵ֔הוּ עַל־מֶ֨ה עָשָׂ֤ה יְהוָה֙ כָּ֔כָה לָעִ֥יר הַגְּדוֹלָ֖ה הַזֹּֽאת
8 And many nations will pass through this city,
and they will say, each to his friend, To what end did Yahweh do thus to this great city?
3e 4C 12
23
וְאָ֣מְר֔וּ עַ֚ל אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָֽזְב֔וּ אֶת־בְּרִ֥ית יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹֽהֵיהֶ֑ם
וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲו֛וּ לֵאלֹהִ֥ים אֲחֵרִ֖ים וַיַּעַבְדֽוּם
9 And they will say, In that they have forsaken the covenant of Yahweh their God,
and they have prostrated themselves to other gods and served them.
3d 4C 17
15
אַל־תִּבְכּ֣וּ לְמֵ֔ת וְאַל־תָּנֻ֖דוּ ל֑וֹ
בְּכ֤וּ בָכוֹ֙ לַֽהֹלֵ֔ךְ כִּ֣י לֹ֤א יָשׁוּב֙ ע֔וֹד וְרָאָ֖ה אֶת־אֶ֥רֶץ מוֹלַדְתּֽוֹ
10 Do not weep for the dead nor show sympathy for them.
To weep, weep for the walker, because it will no longer return and see the land of its nativity.
3e 4C 11
21
כִּ֣י כֹ֣ה אָֽמַר־יְ֠הוָה אֶל־שַׁלֻּ֨ם בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּ֜הוּ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֗ה הַמֹּלֵךְ֙ תַּ֚חַת יֹאשִׁיָּ֣הוּ אָבִ֔יו אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָצָ֖א מִן־הַמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה
לֹֽא־יָשׁ֥וּב שָׁ֖ם עֽוֹד
11 B Because thus says Yahweh to Shalum child of Josiah, king of Judah, the king instead of Josiah his father, who went out from this place.
He will not return there any more.
3e 4C 40
4
כִּ֗י בִּמְק֛וֹם אֲשֶׁר־הִגְל֥וּ אֹת֖וֹ שָׁ֣ם יָמ֑וּת
וְאֶת־הָאָ֥רֶץ הַזֹּ֖את לֹֽא־יִרְאֶ֥ה עֽוֹד
12 ~ For in the place where they exiled him, he will die,
and this land he will not see any more.
3d 4B 12
11
ה֣וֹי בֹּנֶ֤ה בֵיתוֹ֙ בְּֽלֹא־צֶ֔דֶק וַעֲלִיּוֹתָ֖יו בְּלֹ֣א מִשְׁפָּ֑ט
בְּרֵעֵ֙הוּ֙ יַעֲבֹ֣ד חִנָּ֔ם וּפֹעֲל֖וֹ לֹ֥א יִתֶּן־לֽוֹ
13 B Alas for one who builds his house without righteousness and his upper rooms without judgment.
His associate serves for nothing, or he works him without giving what is due to him.
3e 4C 18
17
הָאֹמֵ֗ר אֶבְנֶה־לִּי֙ בֵּ֣ית מִדּ֔וֹת וַעֲלִיּ֖וֹת מְרֻוָּחִ֑ים
וְקָ֤רַֽע לוֹ֙ חַלּוֹנָ֔י וְסָפ֣וּן בָּאָ֔רֶז וּמָשׁ֖וֹחַ בַּשָּׁשַֽׁר
14 Saying, I will build for myself a measured house and ventilated upper rooms,
and he rips for himself windows, and panels with cedar, and paints with vermilion.
3e 4C 17
20
הֲתִֽמְלֹ֔ךְ כִּ֥י אַתָּ֖ה מְתַחֲרֶ֣ה בָאָ֑רֶז
אָבִ֜יךָ הֲל֧וֹא אָכַ֣ל וְשָׁתָ֗ה וְעָשָׂ֤ה מִשְׁפָּט֙ וּצְדָקָ֔ה אָ֖ז ט֥וֹב לֽוֹ
15 Do you reign because you were fierce with cedar?
Your father, did he not eat and imbibe and do judgment and righteousness? And then it went well for him.
3c 4C 13
21
דָּ֛ן דִּין־עָנִ֥י וְאֶבְי֖וֹן אָ֣ז ט֑וֹב
הֲלוֹא־הִ֛יא הַדַּ֥עַת אֹתִ֖י נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
16 d He made the case, the case for the poor and needy. Then it was good.
Was not this to know me? An oracle of Yahweh.
3d 4B 9
12
כִּ֣י אֵ֤ין עֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ וְלִבְּךָ֔ כִּ֖י אִם־עַל־בִּצְעֶ֑ךָ
וְעַ֤ל דַּֽם־הַנָּקִי֙ לִשְׁפּ֔וֹךְ וְעַל־הָעֹ֥שֶׁק וְעַל־הַמְּרוּצָ֖ה לַעֲשֽׂוֹת
17 B For there is nothing in your eyes or your heart except for your extortion,
and for the blood of the innocent to shed, and for oppression, and for damage to do.
3e 4C 14
21
לָכֵ֞ן כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה אֶל־יְהוֹיָקִ֤ים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּ֙הוּ֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֔ה לֹא־יִסְפְּד֣וּ ל֔וֹ ה֥וֹי אָחִ֖י וְה֣וֹי אָח֑וֹת
לֹא־יִסְפְּד֣וּ ל֔וֹ ה֥וֹי אָד֖וֹן וְה֥וֹי הֹדֹֽה
18 Therefore thus says Yahweh concerning Jehoiachim child of Josiah, king of Judah,
They will not bewail him, Alas my brother, and alas sister. They will not bewail him, Alas Lord, or Alas his splendour.
3e 4C 36
14
קְבוּרַ֥ת חֲמ֖וֹר יִקָּבֵ֑ר
סָח֣וֹב וְהַשְׁלֵ֔ךְ מֵהָ֖לְאָה לְשַׁעֲרֵ֥י יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
19 In the tomb of an ass, he will be entombed,
ragged, and flung far removed from the gates of Jerusalem.
3e 4B 8
16
עֲלִ֤י הַלְּבָנוֹן֙ וּֽצְעָ֔קִי וּבַבָּשָׁ֖ן תְּנִ֣י קוֹלֵ֑ךְ
וְצַֽעֲקִי֙ מֵֽעֲבָרִ֔ים כִּ֥י נִשְׁבְּר֖וּ כָּל־מְאַהֲבָֽיִךְ
20 Ascend Lebanon and cry out, and in Bashan give your voice,
and cry out from those passing by, for shattered are all your lovers.
3e 4C 16
18
דִּבַּ֤רְתִּי אֵלַ֙יִךְ֙ בְּשַׁלְוֺתַ֔יִךְ אָמַ֖רְתְּ לֹ֣א אֶשְׁמָ֑ע
זֶ֤ה דַרְכֵּךְ֙ מִנְּעוּרַ֔יִךְ כִּ֥י לֹֽא־שָׁמַ֖עַתְּ בְּקוֹלִֽי
21 I have spoken to you in your ease, but you said, I will not hear.
This has been your way from your youth, for you have not heard with my voice.
3e 4C 17
14
כָּל־רֹעַ֙יִךְ֙ תִּרְעֶה־ר֔וּחַ וּֽמְאַהֲבַ֖יִךְ בַּשְּׁבִ֣י יֵלֵ֑כוּ
כִּ֣י אָ֤ז תֵּבֹ֙שִׁי֙ וְנִכְלַ֔מְתְּ מִכֹּ֖ל רָעָתֵֽךְ
22 All your shepherds, wind will shepherd, and your lovers into captivity will walk,
for then you will be ashamed and humiliated from all your hurt.
3e 4C 18
14
יֹשַׁבְתְּ֙ בַּלְּבָנ֔וֹן מְקֻנַּ֖נְתְּ בָּֽאֲרָזִ֑ים
מַה־נֵּחַנְתְּ֙ בְּבֹא־לָ֣ךְ חֲבָלִ֔ים חִ֖יל כַּיֹּלֵדָֽה
23 Inhabitant in Lebanon that nests in cedars,
how you will supplicate when pangs come to you, writhing as if giving birth.
3e 4B 14
15
חַי־אָנִי֮ נְאֻם־יְהוָה֒ כִּ֣י אִם־יִהְיֶ֞ה כָּנְיָ֤הוּ בֶן־יְהֽוֹיָקִים֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֔ה חוֹתָ֖ם עַל־יַ֣ד יְמִינִ֑י
כִּ֥י מִשָּׁ֖ם אֶתְּקֶֽנְךָּ
24 Living I, an oracle of Yahweh, for if Konyah child of Jehoiachim king of Judah were the seal on my right hand,
that from there I would snap you.
3e 4C 30
6
וּנְתַתִּ֗יךָ בְּיַד֙ מְבַקְשֵׁ֣י נַפְשֶׁ֔ךָ וּבְיַ֛ד אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה יָג֖וֹר מִפְּנֵיהֶ֑ם
וּבְיַ֛ד נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל וּבְיַ֥ד הַכַּשְׂדִּֽים
25 So I will give you into the hand of those who seek your integrity, and into the hand of whom you are in terror from their presence,
and into the hand of Nebukadretsar king of Babel, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.
3d 4B 23
16
וְהֵֽטַלְתִּ֣י אֹתְךָ֗ וְאֶֽת־אִמְּךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יְלָדַ֔תְךָ עַ֚ל הָאָ֣רֶץ אַחֶ֔רֶת אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־יֻלַּדְתֶּ֖ם שָׁ֑ם
וְשָׁ֖ם תָּמֽוּתוּ
26 And I will throw you down and your mother who gave you birth, to another land where you were not born,
and there you will die.
3e 4C 29
5
וְעַל־הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־הֵ֛ם מְנַשְּׂאִ֥ים אֶת־נַפְשָׁ֖ם לָשׁ֣וּב שָׁ֑ם
שָׁ֖מָּה לֹ֥א יָשֽׁוּבוּ
27 But to the land that they are partial to for themselves to return there,
thereto they will not return.
3d 4B 17
6
הַעֶ֨צֶב נִבְזֶ֜ה נָפ֗וּץ הָאִ֤ישׁ הַזֶּה֙ כָּנְיָ֔הוּ אִ֨ם־כְּלִ֔י אֵ֥ין חֵ֖פֶץ בּ֑וֹ
מַדּ֤וּעַ הֽוּטֲלוּ֙ ה֣וּא וְזַרְע֔וֹ וְהֻ֨שְׁלְכ֔וּ עַל־הָאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־יָדָֽעוּ
28 An idol despised, smashed, is this man Konyah? or a vessel in which there is no delight?
Why is he hurled down and his seed, and flung to the land that they do not know?
3e 4C 21
23
אֶ֥רֶץ אֶ֖רֶץ אָ֑רֶץ
שִׁמְעִ֖י דְּבַר־יְהוָֽה
29 f O land, O land, O land,
hear the word of Yahweh.
3e 4A 6
6
כֹּ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה כִּתְב֞וּ אֶת־הָאִ֤ישׁ הַזֶּה֙ עֲרִירִ֔י גֶּ֖בֶר לֹא־יִצְלַ֣ח בְּיָמָ֑יו
כִּי֩ לֹ֨א יִצְלַ֜ח מִזַּרְע֗וֹ אִ֚ישׁ יֹשֵׁב֙ עַל־כִּסֵּ֣א דָוִ֔ד וּמֹשֵׁ֥ל ע֖וֹד בִּיהוּדָֽה
30 B Thus says Yahweh, Write this man childless, valour that will not prosper in its days,
for no representative from his seed will prosper to sit on the throne of David and govern any more in Judah.
3e 4C 23
22