Monday, March 6, 2017

Deuteronomy 7

In these days of radical behaviour and of political correctness, we need to read the tension in these verses with a clear distinction between good and evil. Can we do it?

Let me be clear. Verses 2 to 5 depict evil. Now find us the good in this story. Remember Deuteronomy is a book of love. What is it that must be utterly destroyed to grow into love?  What is it that if we fail to destroy it, we will not even perceive what is stationed against us?

We know also that Israel failed to implement utter destruction anywhere. What could we learn from the import of this fact?

Deuteronomy 7 Fn Min Max Syll
כִּ֤י יְבִֽיאֲךָ֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ אֶל־הָאָ֕רֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה בָא־שָׁ֖מָּה לְרִשְׁתָּ֑הּ
וְנָשַׁ֣ל גּֽוֹיִם־רַבִּ֣ים ׀ מִפָּנֶ֡יךָ הַֽחִתִּי֩ וְהַגִּרְגָּשִׁ֨י וְהָאֱמֹרִ֜י וְהַכְּנַעֲנִ֣י וְהַפְּרִזִּ֗י וְהַֽחִוִּי֙ וְהַיְבוּסִ֔י שִׁבְעָ֣ה גוֹיִ֔ם רַבִּ֥ים וַעֲצוּמִ֖ים מִמֶּֽךָּ
1 C When Yahweh your God will conduct you to the land that you are going toward to possess it,
and has cleared out many nations from your presence, the Hittite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, seven abundant nations, and more numerous than you.
3e 4C 25
54
וּנְתָנָ֞ם יְהוָ֧ה אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ לְפָנֶ֖יךָ וְהִכִּיתָ֑ם
הַחֲרֵ֤ם תַּחֲרִים֙ אֹתָ֔ם לֹא־תִכְרֹ֥ת לָהֶ֛ם בְּרִ֖ית וְלֹ֥א תְחָנֵּֽם
2 When Yahweh your God will give them up before you, you will strike them,
to utter destruction. Utter destruction. You are not to cut for them a covenant, and you will not be gracious to them.
3c 4C 17
20
וְלֹ֥א תִתְחַתֵּ֖ן בָּ֑ם
בִּתְּךָ֙ לֹא־תִתֵּ֣ן לִבְנ֔וֹ וּבִתּ֖וֹ לֹא־תִקַּ֥ח לִבְנֶֽךָ
3 And you will not intermarry with them.
Your daughter you will not give to their son, and their daughter you will not take for your son.
3e 4B 6
14
כִּֽי־יָסִ֤יר אֶת־בִּנְךָ֙ מֵֽאַחֲרַ֔י וְעָבְד֖וּ אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים
וְחָרָ֤ה אַף־יְהוָה֙ בָּכֶ֔ם וְהִשְׁמִידְךָ֖ מַהֵֽר
4 For they will turn aside your son from following me, and they will serve other gods,
and the anger of Yahweh will burn among you, and exterminate you swiftly.
3e 4C 18
14
כִּֽי־אִם־כֹּ֤ה תַעֲשׂוּ֙ לָהֶ֔ם מִזְבְּחֹתֵיהֶ֣ם תִּתֹּ֔צוּ וּמַצֵּבֹתָ֖ם תְּשַׁבֵּ֑רוּ
וַאֲשֵֽׁירֵהֶם֙ תְּגַדֵּע֔וּן וּפְסִילֵיהֶ֖ם תִּשְׂרְפ֥וּן בָּאֵֽשׁ
5 In contrast, thus you will do for them: their altars you will break down, and their monuments you will shatter,
and their fetishes you will chop down, and their graven images you will incinerate in the fire.
3e 4C 25
18
כִּ֣י עַ֤ם קָדוֹשׁ֙ אַתָּ֔ה לַיהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
בְּךָ֞ בָּחַ֣ר ׀ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֗יךָ לִהְי֥וֹת לוֹ֙ לְעַ֣ם סְגֻלָּ֔ה מִכֹּל֙ הָֽעַמִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י הָאֲדָמָֽה
6 B For a holy people you are of Yahweh your God.
In you, Yahweh your God has chosen that you will be for himself a people, a treasure trove, from all the peoples that are on the face of the ground.
3e 4C 12
32
לֹ֣א מֵֽרֻבְּכֶ֞ם מִכָּל־הָֽעַמִּ֗ים חָשַׁ֧ק יְהוָ֛ה בָּכֶ֖ם וַיִּבְחַ֣ר בָּכֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־אַתֶּ֥ם הַמְעַ֖ט מִכָּל־הָעַמִּֽים
7 B Not because you were more than all the peoples, did Yahweh attach himself among you, or chose to be among you,
for you are fewer than all the peoples,
3c 4B 20
9
כִּי֩ מֵֽאַהֲבַ֨ת יְהוָ֜ה אֶתְכֶ֗ם וּמִשָּׁמְר֤וּ אֶת־הַשְּׁבֻעָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֤ר נִשְׁבַּע֙ לַאֲבֹ֣תֵיכֶ֔ם הוֹצִ֧יא יְהוָ֛ה אֶתְכֶ֖ם בְּיָ֣ד חֲזָקָ֑ה
וַֽיִּפְדְּךָ֙ מִבֵּ֣ית עֲבָדִ֔ים מִיַּ֖ד פַּרְעֹ֥ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרָֽיִם
8 ~ But from love Yahweh is with you. And to keep the oath that he swore to your ancestors, Yahweh brought you out with a courageous hand,
and ransomed you from the house of servitude, from the hand of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt.
3c 4C 37
18
וְיָ֣דַעְתָּ֔ כִּֽי־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ ה֣וּא הָֽאֱלֹהִ֑ים
הָאֵל֙ הַֽנֶּאֱמָ֔ן שֹׁמֵ֧ר הַבְּרִ֣ית וְהַחֶ֗סֶד לְאֹהֲבָ֛יו וּלְשֹׁמְרֵ֥י מִצְוֺתָ֖יו לְאֶ֥לֶף דּֽוֹר
9 So know that Yahweh your God, himself is the God,
the One, the Faithful, keeping the covenant and loving-kindness for those who love him and who keep his commandments, to a thousand generations.
3c 4B 17
28
וּמְשַׁלֵּ֧ם לְשֹׂנְאָ֛יו אֶל־פָּנָ֖יו לְהַאֲבִיד֑וֹ
לֹ֤א יְאַחֵר֙ לְשֹׂ֣נְא֔וֹ אֶל־פָּנָ֖יו יְשַׁלֶּם־לֽוֹ
10 And repays one who hates him to his face, to eliminate him.
He will not delay to one who hates him to his face. He will repay him.
3c 4C 14
14
וְשָׁמַרְתָּ֨ אֶת־הַמִּצְוָ֜ה וְאֶת־הַֽחֻקִּ֣ים וְאֶת־הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר אָנֹכִ֧י מְצַוְּךָ֛ הַיּ֖וֹם לַעֲשׂוֹתָֽם 11 And you will keep the commandment, and the statutes, and the judgments, that I am commanding you today to do them. 3c 4B 33
וְהָיָ֣ה ׀ עֵ֣קֶב תִּשְׁמְע֗וּן אֵ֤ת הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים֙ הָאֵ֔לֶּה וּשְׁמַרְתֶּ֥ם וַעֲשִׂיתֶ֖ם אֹתָ֑ם
וְשָׁמַר֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ לְךָ֗ אֶֽת־הַבְּרִית֙ וְאֶת־הַחֶ֔סֶד אֲשֶׁ֥ר נִשְׁבַּ֖ע לַאֲבֹתֶֽיךָ
12 And it will be, inasmuch as you will hear these judgments, and you will keep them, and you will do them,
that Yahweh your God will keep for you the covenant, and the loving-kindness, that he swore to your ancestors.
3e 4C 25
28
וַאֲהֵ֣בְךָ֔ וּבֵרַכְךָ֖ וְהִרְבֶּ֑ךָ
וּבֵרַ֣ךְ פְּרִֽי־בִטְנְךָ֣ וּפְרִֽי־אַ֠דְמָתֶךָ דְּגָ֨נְךָ֜ וְתִֽירֹשְׁךָ֣ וְיִצְהָרֶ֗ךָ שְׁגַר־אֲלָפֶ֙יךָ֙ וְעַשְׁתְּרֹ֣ת צֹאנֶ֔ךָ עַ֚ל הָֽאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נִשְׁבַּ֥ע לַאֲבֹתֶ֖יךָ לָ֥תֶת לָֽךְ
13 And he will love you, and will bless you, and increase you,
and bless the fruit of your belly, and the fruit of your ground, your grain, and your new wine, and your fresh oil, or the issue of your drove, or the breeding of your flock, over the ground that he swore to your ancestors to give to you.
3e 4C 12
56
בָּר֥וּךְ תִּֽהְיֶ֖ה מִכָּל־הָעַמִּ֑ים
לֹא־יִהְיֶ֥ה בְךָ֛ עָקָ֥ר וַֽעֲקָרָ֖ה וּבִבְהֶמְתֶּֽךָ
14 f Blessed you will be from all the peoples.
There will not be among you male barren or female barren, or among your beasts.
3d 4A 9
16
וְהֵסִ֧יר יְהוָ֛ה מִמְּךָ֖ כָּל־חֹ֑לִי
וְכָל־מַדְוֵי֩ מִצְרַ֨יִם הָרָעִ֜ים אֲשֶׁ֣ר יָדַ֗עְתָּ לֹ֤א יְשִׂימָם֙ בָּ֔ךְ וּנְתָנָ֖ם בְּכָל־שֹׂנְאֶֽיךָ
15 And Yahweh will turn aside from you all illness,
and all the infirmities of Egypt, evil that you know. he will not put them among you, but will permit them among all those hating you.
3c 4C 10
27
וְאָכַלְתָּ֣ אֶת־כָּל־הָֽעַמִּ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ נֹתֵ֣ן לָ֔ךְ לֹא־תָחֹ֥ס עֵֽינְךָ֖ עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם
וְלֹ֤א תַעֲבֹד֙ אֶת־אֱלֹ֣הֵיהֶ֔ם כִּֽי־מוֹקֵ֥שׁ ה֖וּא לָֽךְ
16 And you will devour all the peoples that Yahweh your God is giving to you. Your eye will not spare them.
And you will not serve their God, for a trap it will be for you.
3e 4C 27
14
כִּ֤י תֹאמַר֙ בִּלְבָ֣בְךָ֔ רַבִּ֛ים הַגּוֹיִ֥ם הָאֵ֖לֶּה מִמֶּ֑נִּי
אֵיכָ֥ה אוּכַ֖ל לְהוֹרִישָֽׁם
17 C But you say in your heart, Many more are these nations than I.
How can I dispossess them.
3d 4C 17
8
לֹ֥א תִירָ֖א מֵהֶ֑ם
זָכֹ֣ר תִּזְכֹּ֗ר אֵ֤ת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֔יךָ לְפַרְעֹ֖ה וּלְכָל־מִצְרָֽיִם
18 f You will not fear them.
Remember, remember what Yahweh your God did for Pharaoh and for all Egypt:
3e 4C 5
23
הַמַּסֹּ֨ת הַגְּדֹלֹ֜ת אֲשֶׁר־רָא֣וּ עֵינֶ֗יךָ וְהָאֹתֹ֤ת וְהַמֹּֽפְתִים֙ וְהַיָּ֤ד הַחֲזָקָה֙ וְהַזְּרֹ֣עַ הַנְּטוּיָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר הוֹצִֽאֲךָ֖ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ
כֵּֽן־יַעֲשֶׂ֞ה יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ לְכָל־הָ֣עַמִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּ֥ה יָרֵ֖א מִפְּנֵיהֶֽם
19 Great temptation that your eyes have seen, and the signs, and the miracles, and the resolute hand, and the arm stretched out, by which Yahweh your God brought you forth.
So Yahweh your God will do to all the peoples before whom you fear.
3e 4C 47
24
וְגַם֙ אֶת־הַצִּרְעָ֔ה יְשַׁלַּ֛ח יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ בָּ֑ם
עַד־אֲבֹ֗ד הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֛ים וְהַנִּסְתָּרִ֖ים מִפָּנֶֽיךָ
20 And moreover, the hornet Yahweh your God will send among them,
until the residue are perishing and hide themselves from your presence.
3d 4A 16
16
לֹ֥א תַעֲרֹ֖ץ מִפְּנֵיהֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ בְּקִרְבֶּ֔ךָ אֵ֥ל גָּד֖וֹל וְנוֹרָֽא
21 f Do not panic before them,
for Yahweh your God among you, is a God great and fearful.
3e 4C 7
18
וְנָשַׁל֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֱלֹהֶ֜יךָ אֶת־הַגּוֹיִ֥ם הָאֵ֛ל מִפָּנֶ֖יךָ מְעַ֣ט מְעָ֑ט
לֹ֤א תוּכַל֙ כַּלֹּתָ֣ם מַהֵ֔ר פֶּן־תִּרְבֶּ֥ה עָלֶ֖יךָ חַיַּ֥ת הַשָּׂדֶֽה
22 And Yahweh your God will clear out these nations from before you, a few by a few,
You will not be able to consume them impetuously lest the animals of the field increase over you.
3d 4C 23
19
וּנְתָנָ֛ם יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ לְפָנֶ֑יךָ
וְהָמָם֙ מְהוּמָ֣ה גְדֹלָ֔ה עַ֖ד הִשָּׁמְדָֽם
23 Yahweh your God will yield them before you,
and discomfit them with great discomfort, until they are exterminated.
3d 4B 13
13
וְנָתַ֤ן מַלְכֵיהֶם֙ בְּיָדֶ֔ךָ וְהַאֲבַדְתָּ֣ אֶת־שְׁמָ֔ם מִתַּ֖חַת הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם
לֹֽא־יִתְיַצֵּ֥ב אִישׁ֙ בְּפָנֶ֔יךָ עַ֥ד הִשְׁמִֽדְךָ֖ אֹתָֽם
24 He will give their kings into your hand, and you will make their name perish from under the heavens.
No-one will be stationed before you, until you have exterminated them.
3e 4C 25
15
פְּסִילֵ֥י אֱלֹהֵיהֶ֖ם תִּשְׂרְפ֣וּן בָּאֵ֑שׁ
לֹֽא־תַחְמֹד֩ כֶּ֨סֶף וְזָהָ֤ב עֲלֵיהֶם֙ וְלָקַחְתָּ֣ לָ֔ךְ פֶּ֚ן תִּוָּקֵ֣שׁ בּ֔וֹ כִּ֧י תוֹעֲבַ֛ת יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ הֽוּא
25 The graven images of their God you will incinerate in the fire.
You will not covet their silver and gold, nor take for yourself, lest you be trapped in it, for an abomination to Yahweh your God, it is.
3c 4C 12
32
וְלֹא־תָבִ֤יא תֽוֹעֵבָה֙ אֶל־בֵּיתֶ֔ךָ וְהָיִ֥יתָ חֵ֖רֶם כָּמֹ֑הוּ
שַׁקֵּ֧ץ ׀ תְּשַׁקְּצֶ֛נּוּ וְתַעֵ֥ב ׀ תְּֽתַעֲבֶ֖נּוּ כִּי־חֵ֥רֶם הֽוּא
26 And you will not bring an abomination to your house, or you will become an utter destruction like it.
Detested, you will detest it, and abhorred, you will abhor it, for utter destruction it is.
3c 4C 19
17