Saturday, August 13, 2016

Numbers 17

If one dies, all have died. (2 Corinthians 5:14)

To what end is death appointed for all living? I expect we all come to this question eventually. The death of Jesus, Paul interprets as the death of all so that in the resurrection of Jesus, all are come again to life. He is not thinking religiously as if according to 17th century (or 21st century) protestant thinking about some distant 'time', but he is thinking the present. The only time that we have. And he among others in these traditions, clearly sees that it is not how many people you can injure that matters, but how many people you can heal.

There is a surprising twist to the rebellion of Korah, finally commented on in this chapter. The significance of the word 'approach' is explained in the letter to the Hebrew.

Who stands between the dead and the living? Is he alive or dead? Vigilant is a nod to Jeremiah. You have to read to the end to get it.

Numbers 17
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 1 And Yahweh spoke to Moses saying, 10
אֱמֹ֨ר אֶל־אֶלְעָזָ֜ר בֶּן־אַהֲרֹ֣ן הַכֹּהֵ֗ן וְיָרֵ֤ם אֶת־הַמַּחְתֹּת֙ מִבֵּ֣ין הַשְּׂרֵפָ֔ה וְאֶת־הָאֵ֖שׁ זְרֵה־הָ֑לְאָה
כִּ֖י קָדֵֽשׁוּ
2 Talk to Eleazar, child of Aaron the priest, and have him recover the censers from between the incineration and the fire. Strew yonder,
for they are holy.
33
4
אֵ֡ת מַחְתּוֹת֩ הַֽחַטָּאִ֨ים הָאֵ֜לֶּה בְּנַפְשֹׁתָ֗ם וְעָשׂ֨וּ אֹתָ֜ם רִקֻּעֵ֤י פַחִים֙ צִפּ֣וּי לַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ כִּֽי־הִקְרִיבֻ֥ם לִפְנֵֽי־יְהוָ֖ה וַיִּקְדָּ֑שׁוּ
וְיִֽהְי֥וּ לְא֖וֹת לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
3 The censers of these sinners against themselves, let them make into them expansive plates overlaying the altar, for they brought them near in the presence of Yahweh so they are holy.
And let them be for a sign to the children of Israel.
43
10
וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶלְעָזָ֣ר הַכֹּהֵ֗ן אֵ֚ת מַחְתּ֣וֹת הַנְּחֹ֔שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֥ר הִקְרִ֖יבוּ הַשְּׂרֻפִ֑ים
וַֽיְרַקְּע֖וּם צִפּ֥וּי לַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ
4 And Eleazar the priest took the censers of brass that those who were incinerated had brought near,
and they were made into an expanse overlaying the altar,
23
9
זִכָּר֞וֹן לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל לְ֠מַעַן אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹֽא־יִקְרַ֜ב אִ֣ישׁ זָ֗ר אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א מִזֶּ֤רַע אַהֲרֹן֙ ה֔וּא לְהַקְטִ֥יר קְטֹ֖רֶת לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וְלֹֽא־יִהְיֶ֤ה כְקֹ֙רַח֙ וְכַ֣עֲדָת֔וֹ כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר דִּבֶּ֧ר יְהוָ֛ה בְּיַד־מֹשֶׁ֖ה לֽוֹ
5 a memorial to the children of Israel, in order that a stranger who is not from the seed of Aaron, will not approach to burn with smoke, incense in the presence of Yahweh.
So there will not be as Korah and as his assembly, as Yahweh spoke by the hand of Moses to him.
38
24
וַיִּלֹּ֜נוּ כָּל־עֲדַ֤ת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ מִֽמָּחֳרָ֔ת עַל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה וְעַֽל־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר
אַתֶּ֥ם הֲמִתֶּ֖ם אֶת־עַ֥ם יְהוָֽה
6 But they were grumbling, all the assembly of the children of Israel afterwards, against Moses and against Aaron saying,
You have put to death the people of Yahweh.
26
9
וַיְהִ֗י בְּהִקָּהֵ֤ל הָֽעֵדָה֙ עַל־מֹשֶׁ֣ה וְעַֽל־אַהֲרֹ֔ן וַיִּפְנוּ֙ אֶל־אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֔ד וְהִנֵּ֥ה כִסָּ֖הוּ הֶעָנָ֑ן
וַיֵּרָ֖א כְּב֥וֹד יְהוָֽה
7 And it happened when the assembly convened against Moses and against Aaron and they faced the tent of engagement and behold the cloud covered it,
and the glory of Yahweh appeared.
34
7
וַיָּבֹ֤א מֹשֶׁה֙ וְאַהֲרֹ֔ן אֶל־פְּנֵ֖י אֹ֥הֶל מוֹעֵֽד 8 And Moses and Aaron came before the tent of engagement. 16
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 9 And Yahweh spoke to Moses saying. 10
הֵרֹ֗מּוּ מִתּוֹךְ֙ הָעֵדָ֣ה הַזֹּ֔את וַאֲכַלֶּ֥ה אֹתָ֖ם כְּרָ֑גַע
וַֽיִּפְּל֖וּ עַל־פְּנֵיהֶֽם
10 Be dissociated from the midst of this assembly so I may devour them in a moment.
And they fell onto their faces.
19
7
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר מֹשֶׁ֜ה אֶֽל־אַהֲרֹ֗ן קַ֣ח אֶת־הַ֠מַּחְתָּה וְתֶן־עָלֶ֨יהָ אֵ֜שׁ מֵעַ֤ל הַמִּזְבֵּ֙חַ֙ וְשִׂ֣ים קְטֹ֔רֶת וְהוֹלֵ֧ךְ מְהֵרָ֛ה אֶל־הָעֵדָ֖ה וְכַפֵּ֣ר עֲלֵיהֶ֑ם
כִּֽי־יָצָ֥א הַקֶּ֛צֶף מִלִּפְנֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה הֵחֵ֥ל הַנָּֽגֶף
11 And Moses said to Aaron, Take the censer and yield on it fire from the altar and set incense and go swiftly to the assembly and cover them over,
for rage goes forth from the presence of Yahweh. The plague has commenced.
47
15
וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַהֲרֹ֜ן כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ דִּבֶּ֣ר מֹשֶׁ֗ה וַיָּ֙רָץ֙ אֶל־תּ֣וֹך הַקָּהָ֔ל וְהִנֵּ֛ה הֵחֵ֥ל הַנֶּ֖גֶף בָּעָ֑ם
וַיִּתֵּן֙ אֶֽת־הַקְּטֹ֔רֶת וַיְכַפֵּ֖ר עַל־הָעָֽם
12 And Aaron took as Moses spoke and raced into the centre of the congregation, and behold the plague was commenced among the people,
so he yielded the incense and covered over the people.
31
13
וַיַּעֲמֹ֥ד בֵּֽין־הַמֵּתִ֖ים וּבֵ֣ין הַֽחַיִּ֑ים
וַתֵּעָצַ֖ר הַמַּגֵּפָֽה
13 And he stood between the dead and the living,
and the plague was contained.
13
8
וַיִּהְי֗וּ הַמֵּתִים֙ בַּמַּגֵּפָ֔ה אַרְבָּעָ֥ה עָשָׂ֛ר אֶ֖לֶף וּשְׁבַ֣ע מֵא֑וֹת
מִלְּבַ֥ד הַמֵּתִ֖ים עַל־דְּבַר־קֹֽרַח
14 And the dead from the plague were fourteen thousand and seven hundred,
besides the dead concerning the matter of Korah.
21
10
וַיָּ֤שָׁב אַהֲרֹן֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֶל־פֶּ֖תַח אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ד
וְהַמַּגֵּפָ֖ה נֶעֱצָֽרָה
15 And Aaron returned to Moses to the door of the tent of engagement,
and the plague was contained.
16
9
וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֥ה לֵּאמֹֽר 16 And spoke Yahweh to Moses saying, 10
דַּבֵּ֣ר ׀ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וְקַ֣ח מֵֽאִתָּ֡ם מַטֶּ֣ה מַטֶּה֩ לְבֵ֨ית אָ֜ב מֵאֵ֤ת כָּל־נְשִֽׂיאֵהֶם֙ לְבֵ֣ית אֲבֹתָ֔ם שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ר מַטּ֑וֹת
אִ֣ישׁ אֶת־שְׁמ֔וֹ תִּכְתֹּ֖ב עַל־מַטֵּֽהוּ
17 Speak to the children of Israel and take from them a rod, a rod for the house of the father from all their principals, for the house of their ancestors, twelve rods.
Each his name you will write onto his rod.
38
10
וְאֵת֙ שֵׁ֣ם אַהֲרֹ֔ן תִּכְתֹּ֖ב עַל־מַטֵּ֣ה לֵוִ֑י
כִּ֚י מַטֶּ֣ה אֶחָ֔ד לְרֹ֖אשׁ בֵּ֥ית אֲבוֹתָֽם
18 And the name of Aaron you will write onto the rod of Levi,
for one rod for the head of the house of their ancestors.
13
11
וְהִנַּחְתָּ֖ם בְּאֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ד
לִפְנֵי֙ הָֽעֵד֔וּת אֲשֶׁ֛ר אִוָּעֵ֥ד לָכֶ֖ם שָֽׁמָּה
19 And you will leave them in the tent of engagement
before the testimony toward where I will meet with you.
9
14
וְהָיָ֗ה הָאִ֛ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֶבְחַר־בּ֖וֹ מַטֵּ֣הוּ יִפְרָ֑ח
וַהֲשִׁכֹּתִ֣י מֵֽעָלַ֗י אֶת־תְּלֻנּוֹת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֲשֶׁ֛ר הֵ֥ם מַלִּינִ֖ם עֲלֵיכֶֽם
20 And it will be that the man in whom I chose, his rod will flourish,
and I will make subside from me the grumblings of the children of Israel which they are grumbling against you.
15
26
וַיְדַבֵּ֨ר מֹשֶׁ֜ה אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל וַיִּתְּנ֣וּ אֵלָ֣יו ׀ כָּֽל־נְשִֽׂיאֵיהֶ֡ם מַטֶּה֩ לְנָשִׂ֨יא אֶחָ֜ד מַטֶּ֨ה לְנָשִׂ֤יא אֶחָד֙ לְבֵ֣ית אֲבֹתָ֔ם שְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ר מַטּ֑וֹת
וּמַטֵּ֥ה אַהֲרֹ֖ן בְּת֥וֹךְ מַטּוֹתָֽם
21 And Moses spoke to the children of Israel and all the principals gave to him one rod per principal, one rod per principal for the house of their ancestors twelve rods,
and the rod of Aaron among their rods.
46
11
וַיַּנַּ֥ח מֹשֶׁ֛ה אֶת־הַמַּטֹּ֖ת לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
בְּאֹ֖הֶל הָעֵדֻֽת
22 And Moses left the rods in the presence of Yahweh,
in the tent of the testimony.
13
6
וַיְהִ֣י מִֽמָּחֳרָ֗ת וַיָּבֹ֤א מֹשֶׁה֙ אֶל־אֹ֣הֶל הָעֵד֔וּת וְהִנֵּ֛ה פָּרַ֥ח מַטֵּֽה־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לְבֵ֣ית לֵוִ֑י
וַיֹּ֤צֵֽא פֶ֙רַח֙ וַיָּ֣צֵֽץ צִ֔יץ וַיִּגְמֹ֖ל שְׁקֵדִֽים
23 And it happened afterwards that Moses came to the tent of engagement and behold the rod of Aaron flourished for the house of Levi,
and it came out flourishing and it bloomed blossom and it matured vigilant almonds.
31
15
וַיֹּצֵ֨א מֹשֶׁ֤ה אֶת־כָּל־הַמַּטֹּת֙ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה אֶֽל־כָּל־בְּנֵ֖י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיִּרְא֥וּ וַיִּקְח֖וּ אִ֥ישׁ מַטֵּֽהוּ
24 So Moses brought out all the rods from the presence of Yahweh to all the children of Israel,
and they stared and they took each his rod.
22
10
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה הָשֵׁ֞ב אֶת־מַטֵּ֤ה אַהֲרֹן֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הָעֵד֔וּת לְמִשְׁמֶ֥רֶת לְא֖וֹת לִבְנֵי־מֶ֑רִי
וּתְכַ֧ל תְּלוּנֹּתָ֛ם מֵעָלַ֖י וְלֹ֥א יָמֻֽתוּ
25 And Yahweh said to Moses, Return the rod of Aaron before the testimony to be kept for a sign to the children of provocation,
and you will consume their grumblings from me so they do not die.
30
14
וַיַּ֖עַשׂ מֹשֶׁ֑ה
כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר צִוָּ֧ה יְהוָ֛ה אֹת֖וֹ כֵּ֥ן עָשָֽׂה
26 And Moses did.
As Yahweh commanded him, so he did.
5
12
וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֖ה לֵאמֹ֑ר
הֵ֥ן גָּוַ֛עְנוּ אָבַ֖דְנוּ כֻּלָּ֥נוּ אָבָֽדְנוּ
27 And the children of Israel said to Moses, saying,
Lo, we expire. We perish, all of us. We perish.
13
13
כֹּ֣ל הַקָּרֵ֧ב ׀ הַקָּרֵ֛ב אֶל־מִשְׁכַּ֥ן יְהוָ֖ה יָמ֑וּת
הַאִ֥ם תַּ֖מְנוּ לִגְוֺֽעַ
28 All who approach, who approach to the dwelling of Yahweh will die.
Will we be completed by expiring?
14
7


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