Monday, August 1, 2016

2 Kings 24

It probably doesn't surprise you that the historical books give us some information on what the prophets were railing against. They also allow us to place a prophet in his or her context.

About names of people and places, I have not made up my mind whether to use traditional names (sometimes I do) or a transcription rule that could be automated (sometimes I do this manually). For instance, do I say Babylon, or Babel? So far I have chosen Babel. How to spell Jehoiachim whose name is spelled with a qof, and his child Jehoiakin, whose name is spelled with a kaf. Why transcribe kaf with a ch rather than a k? Why transcribe q as a ch, as is traditional? I know people devote a lifetime dealing with names - another or those loving distractions. So far my distractions are recurring words (clarifying repeated sounds and distinguishing it from parallelism) and the music (simply because it clarifies the text as a whole - not verse by verse as some wrongly say). Other than those, I just read and occasionally marvel.

2 Kings 24
בְּיָמָ֣יו עָלָ֔ה נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּ֖ר מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֑ל
וַיְהִי־ל֨וֹ יְהוֹיָקִ֥ים עֶ֙בֶד֙ שָׁלֹ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֔ים וַיָּ֖שָׁב וַיִּמְרָד־בּֽוֹ
1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel came up,
and Jehoiachim became a servant for him, three years. And he turned and he mutinied against him.
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וַיְשַׁלַּ֣ח יְהוָ֣ה ׀ בּ֡וֹ אֶת־גְּדוּדֵ֣י כַשְׂדִּים֩ וְאֶת־גְּדוּדֵ֨י אֲרָ֜ם וְאֵ֣ת ׀ גְּדוּדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֗ב וְאֵת֙ גְּדוּדֵ֣י בְנֵֽי־עַמּ֔וֹן וַיְשַׁלְּחֵ֥ם בִּֽיהוּדָ֖ה לְהַֽאֲבִיד֑וֹ
כִּדְבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּ֔ר בְּיַ֖ד עֲבָדָ֥יו הַנְּבִיאִֽים
2 And Yahweh sent against him Chaldean raiding parties and raiding parties of Aram and raiding parties of Moab and raiding parties of the children of Amon and sent them against Judah to eliminate him,
according to the word of Yahweh who spoke by the hand of his servants the prophets.
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אַ֣ךְ ׀ עַל־פִּ֣י יְהוָ֗ה הָֽיְתָה֙ בִּֽיהוּדָ֔ה לְהָסִ֖יר מֵעַ֣ל פָּנָ֑יו
בְּחַטֹּ֣את מְנַשֶּׁ֔ה כְּכֹ֖ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָֽׂה
3 Surely over the mandate of Yahweh, this happened against Judah to put aside from his presence
against the sins of Manasseh, according to everything that had undertaken.
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וְגַ֤ם דַּֽם־הַנָּקִי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר שָׁפָ֔ךְ וַיְמַלֵּ֥א אֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם דָּ֣ם נָקִ֑י
וְלֹֽא־אָבָ֥ה יְהוָ֖ה לִסְלֹֽחַ
4 And also the innocent blood which he poured out, and he filled with Jerusalem innocent blood,
and Yahweh did not consent to pardon.
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8
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י יְהוֹיָקִ֖ים וְכָל־אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה
5 And the remaining words of Jehoiachim and all that he undertook,
are they not written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
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וַיִּשְׁכַּ֥ב יְהוֹיָקִ֖ים עִם־אֲבֹתָ֑יו
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ יְהוֹיָכִ֥ין בְּנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
6 And Jehoiachim was laid out with his ancestors,
and Jehoiakin his son reigned in his stead.
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וְלֹֽא־הֹסִ֥יף עוֹד֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ מִצְרַ֔יִם לָצֵ֖את מֵֽאַרְצ֑וֹ
כִּֽי־לָקַ֞ח מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֗ל מִנַּ֤חַל מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ עַד־נְהַר־פְּרָ֔ת כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיְתָ֖ה לְמֶ֥לֶךְ מִצְרָֽיִם
7 And the king of Egypt did not continue again to go forth from his land,
for the king of Babel took from the torrent of Egypt to the river Euphrates all that belonged to the king of Egypt.
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בֶּן־שְׁמֹנֶ֨ה עֶשְׂרֵ֤ה שָׁנָה֙ יְהוֹיָכִ֣ין בְּמָלְכ֔וֹ וּשְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה חֳדָשִׁ֔ים מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ נְחֻשְׁתָּ֥א בַת־אֶלְנָתָ֖ן מִירוּשָׁלִָֽם
8 A child of eighteen years was Jehoiakin when he began to reign, and three months he reigned in Jerusalem,
and the name of his mother was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan from Jerusalem.
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וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֖ה אָבִֽיו
9 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh,
according to everything that his father had undertaken.
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בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא עָל֗וּ עַבְדֵ֛י נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל יְרוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וַתָּבֹ֥א הָעִ֖יר בַּמָּצֽוֹר
10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel came up to Jerusalem,
and the city came under siege.
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8
וַיָּבֹ֛א נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּ֥ר מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֖ל עַל־הָעִ֑יר
וַעֲבָדָ֖יו צָרִ֥ים עָלֶֽיהָ
11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babel came against the city,
and his servants laid siege to her.
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9
וַיֵּצֵ֞א יְהוֹיָכִ֤ין מֶֽלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה֙ עַל־מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֔ל ה֣וּא וְאִמּ֔וֹ וַעֲבָדָ֖יו וְשָׂרָ֣יו וְסָֽרִיסָ֑יו
וַיִּקַּ֤ח אֹתוֹ֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ בָּבֶ֔ל בִּשְׁנַ֥ת שְׁמֹנֶ֖ה לְמָלְכֽוֹ
12 And Jehoiakin king of Judah went out to the king of Babel, he and his mother and his servants, and his nobility and his eunuchs.
And the king of Babel took him in the year eighth of his reign.
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וַיּוֹצֵ֣א מִשָּׁ֗ם אֶת־כָּל־אוֹצְרוֹת֙ בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֔ה וְאֽוֹצְר֖וֹת בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיְקַצֵּ֞ץ אֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵ֣י הַזָּהָ֗ב אֲשֶׁ֨ר עָשָׂ֜ה שְׁלֹמֹ֤ה מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ בְּהֵיכַ֣ל יְהוָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָֽה
13 And he brought out from there all the treasuries of the house of Yahweh and the treasuries of the house of the king,
and brought to an end all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of Yahweh as Yahweh had spoken.
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וְהִגְלָ֣ה אֶת־כָּל־יְ֠רוּשָׁלִַם וְֽאֶת־כָּל־הַשָּׂרִ֞ים וְאֵ֣ת ׀ כָּל־גִּבּוֹרֵ֣י הַחַ֗יִל עֲשֶׂ֤רֶת אֲלָפִים֙ גּוֹלֶ֔ה וְכָל־הֶחָרָ֖שׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּ֑ר
לֹ֣א נִשְׁאַ֔ר זוּלַ֖ת דַּלַּ֥ת עַם־הָאָֽרֶץ
14 And he exiled all Jerusalem and all the nobility and all the valiant of force, ten thousand exiles, and every plougher and locksmith.
He did not leave a residue except of the weak people of the land.
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וַיֶּ֥גֶל אֶת־יְהוֹיָכִ֖ין בָּבֶ֑לָה
וְאֶת־אֵ֣ם הַ֠מֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־נְשֵׁ֨י הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ וְאֶת־סָרִיסָ֗יו וְאֵת֙ אֵילֵ֣י הָאָ֔רֶץ הוֹלִ֛יךְ גּוֹלָ֥ה מִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בָּבֶֽלָה
15 And he exiled Jehoiakin to Babel.
And the mother of the king and the wives of the king and his eunuchs and the potentates of the land, he made go into exile from Jerusalem to Babel.
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וְאֵת֩ כָּל־אַנְשֵׁ֨י הַחַ֜יִל שִׁבְעַ֣ת אֲלָפִ֗ים וְהֶחָרָ֤שׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר֙ אֶ֔לֶף הַכֹּ֕ל גִּבּוֹרִ֖ים עֹשֵׂ֣י מִלְחָמָ֑ה
וַיְבִיאֵ֧ם מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל גּוֹלָ֖ה בָּבֶֽלָה
16 And all mortal force, seven thousand, and carpenter and locksmith, a thousand, the whole of the valiant who make war,
and the king of Babel conducted them, exiles to Babel.
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וַיַּמְלֵ֧ךְ מֶֽלֶךְ־בָּבֶ֛ל אֶת־מַתַּנְיָ֥ה דֹד֖וֹ תַּחְתָּ֑יו
וַיַּסֵּ֥ב אֶת־שְׁמ֖וֹ צִדְקִיָּֽהוּ
17 And the king of Babel made Mattaniah his uncle king in his stead,
and he changed his name to Zedekiah.
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בֶּן־עֶשְׂרִ֨ים וְאַחַ֤ת שָׁנָה֙ צִדְקִיָּ֣הוּ בְמָלְכ֔וֹ וְאַחַ֤ת עֶשְׂרֵה֙ שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְשֵׁ֣ם אִמּ֔וֹ חֲמוּטַ֥ל בַּֽת־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ מִלִּבְנָֽה
18 A child of twenty one years Zedekiah was when he began to reign and eleven years he reigned in Jerusalem.
And the name of his mother was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah.
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וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָרַ֖ע בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂ֖ה יְהוֹיָקִֽים
19 And he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh,
according to everything that Jehoiachim had undertaken.
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10
כִּ֣י ׀ עַל־אַ֣ף יְהוָ֗ה הָיְתָ֤ה בִירוּשָׁלִַ֙ם֙ וּבִ֣יהוּדָ֔ה עַד־הִשְׁלִכ֥וֹ אֹתָ֖ם מֵעַ֣ל פָּנָ֑יו
וַיִּמְרֹ֥ד צִדְקִיָּ֖הוּ בְּמֶ֥לֶךְ בָּבֶֽל
20 For by the anger of Yahweh, it happened in Jerusalem and Judah, (until he cast out them from his presence),
that Zedekiah mutinied against the king of Babel.
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