Saturday, October 29, 2016

Esther 8

... and he had correspondence sent by the hand of the racers on the horses the riders of the steeds the mules and the foal of the mares. And they carried the message by email, Facebook, and twitter. Not to mention hard copy.

When the lies are dealt with, their consequences have to be undone. It takes 1000 years and more to undo lies. This is why it is better to know the revealed email and trust the transparent character. The character that tweets hatred is to be refused and destroyed and its devices with it.

If there is no God, and no instruction (Torah) and no monarch who incorporates a desirable character, then everyone will do what is right in their own eyes - a random selection of self-interest.

Better I think to have a monarch, where, even if invisible, a desirable character is modeled that is worth following.

The racers, the riders of the steeds, the mules, came forth, vexed but unrelenting by the word of the king.
And the dictate was given in Shushan [the place of the lily, the place of love], the temple precincts.


Esther 8 Min Max
בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא נָתַ֞ן הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר הַמַּלְכָּ֔ה אֶת־בֵּ֥ית הָמָ֖ן צֹרֵ֣ר הַיְּהוּדִ֑ים
וּמָרְדֳּכַ֗י בָּ֚א לִפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ כִּֽי־הִגִּ֥ידָה אֶסְתֵּ֖ר מַ֥ה הוּא־לָֽהּ
1 In that day the king Ahasuerus gave to Esther the queen, the house of Haman, the adversary of the Judeans.
And Mordecai came in the presence of the king, for Esther had made clear who he was to her.
3e 4C 28
18
וַיָּ֨סַר הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ אֶת־טַבַּעְתּ֗וֹ אֲשֶׁ֤ר הֶֽעֱבִיר֙ מֵֽהָמָ֔ן וַֽיִּתְּנָ֖הּ לְמָרְדֳּכָ֑י וַתָּ֧שֶׂם אֶסְתֵּ֛ר אֶֽת־מָרְדֳּכַ֖י עַל־בֵּ֥ית הָמָֽן פ 2 And the king put aside his ring that he had transferred from Haman and gave it to Mordecai.
And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3c 4C 39
0
וַתּ֣וֹסֶף אֶסְתֵּ֗ר וַתְּדַבֵּר֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַתִּפֹּ֖ל לִפְנֵ֣י רַגְלָ֑יו
וַתֵּ֣בְךְּ וַתִּתְחַנֶּן־ל֗וֹ לְהַֽעֲבִיר֙ אֶת־רָעַת֙ הָמָ֣ן הָֽאֲגָגִ֔י וְאֵת֙ מַֽחֲשַׁבְתּ֔וֹ אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָשַׁ֖ב עַל־הַיְּהוּדִֽים
3 And again Esther spoke in the presence of the king and fell before his feet,
and weeping, made supplication to him to transfer the evil of Haman the Agagite and his device that he had devised against the Judeans.
3e 4B 20
35
וַיּ֤וֹשֶׁט הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת שַׁרְבִ֣ט הַזָּהָ֑ב
וַתָּ֣קָם אֶסְתֵּ֔ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
4 And the king held out to Esther the golden mace,
and Esther arose and she stood in the presence of the king.
3e 4C 15
14
וַ֠תֹּאמֶר אִם־עַל־הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ ט֜וֹב וְאִם־מָצָ֧אתִי חֵ֣ן לְפָנָ֗יו וְכָשֵׁ֤ר הַדָּבָר֙ לִפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְטוֹבָ֥ה אֲנִ֖י בְּעֵינָ֑יו
יִכָּתֵ֞ב לְהָשִׁ֣יב אֶת־הַסְּפָרִ֗ים מַחֲשֶׁ֜בֶת הָמָ֤ן בֶּֽן־הַמְּדָ֙תָא֙ הָאֲגָגִ֔י אֲשֶׁ֣ר כָּתַ֗ב לְאַבֵּד֙ אֶת־הַיְּהוּדִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר בְּכָל־מְדִינ֥וֹת הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
5 And said, If to the king it is good, and if I find grace in his presence, and the matter succeed in the presence of the king, and I am good in his eyes,
let it be written to turn back the correspondence devised by Haman child of Hammedatha the Agagite that he wrote to eliminate the Judeans that are in all the provinces of the king.
3c 4C 37
45
כִּ֠י אֵיכָכָ֤ה אוּכַל֙ וְֽרָאִ֔יתִי בָּרָעָ֖ה אֲשֶׁר־יִמְצָ֣א אֶת־עַמִּ֑י
וְאֵֽיכָכָ֤ה אוּכַל֙ וְֽרָאִ֔יתִי בְּאָבְדַ֖ן מוֹלַדְתִּֽי
6 For how will I be able to see the evil that will find my people,
and how will I be able to see the elimination of my kindred.
3e 4C 20
16
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרֹשׁ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר הַמַּלְכָּ֔ה וּֽלְמָרְדֳּכַ֖י הַיְּהוּדִ֑י
הִנֵּ֨ה בֵית־הָמָ֜ן נָתַ֣תִּי לְאֶסְתֵּ֗ר וְאֹתוֹ֙ תָּל֣וּ עַל־הָעֵ֔ץ עַ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַ֥ח יָד֖וֹ בַּיְּהוּדִֽים
7 And the king Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Judean,
Behold the house of Haman I have given to Esther, and him they hanged on the tree in that he extended his hand against the Judeans.
3d 4C 23
29
וְ֠אַתֶּם כִּתְב֨וּ עַל־הַיְּהוּדִ֜ים כַּטּ֤וֹב בְּעֵֽינֵיכֶם֙ בְּשֵׁ֣ם הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וְחִתְמ֖וּ בְּטַבַּ֣עַת הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
כִּֽי־כְתָ֞ב אֲשֶׁר־נִכְתָּ֣ב בְּשֵׁם־הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ וְנַחְתּ֛וֹם בְּטַבַּ֥עַת הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֵ֥ין לְהָשִֽׁיב
8 But you, you write on the Judeans as is good in your sight in the name of the king, and seal it with the ring of the king,
for the writing that is written in the name of the king and sealed with the ring of king is not to be reversed.
3d 4C 30
26
וַיִּקָּרְא֣וּ סֹפְרֵֽי־הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ בָּֽעֵת־הַ֠הִיא בַּחֹ֨דֶשׁ הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֜י הוּא־חֹ֣דֶשׁ סִיוָ֗ן בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁ֣ה וְעֶשְׂרִים֮ בּוֹ֒ וַיִּכָּתֵ֣ב כְּֽכָל־אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֣ה מָרְדֳּכַ֣י אֶל־הַיְּהוּדִ֡ים וְאֶ֣ל הָאֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנִֽים־וְהַפַּחוֹת֩ וְשָׂרֵ֨י הַמְּדִינ֜וֹת אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ מֵהֹ֣דּוּ וְעַד־כּ֗וּשׁ שֶׁ֣בַע וְעֶשְׂרִ֤ים וּמֵאָה֙ מְדִינָ֔ה מְדִינָ֤ה וּמְדִינָה֙ כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ וְעַ֥ם וָעָ֖ם כִּלְשֹׁנ֑וֹ
וְאֶ֨ל־הַיְּהוּדִ֔ים כִּכְתָבָ֖ם וְכִלְשׁוֹנָֽם
9 So the secretaries of the king were called out at that time in the third month (this is the month of Sivan) on its twenty-third and they wrote everything that Mordecai commanded, to the Judeans and to the satraps and the viceroys and the chiefs of the provinces that are from India to Cush, seven hundred and twenty one provinces, province by province, according to its writing, people by people according to its tongue,
and to the Judeans according to their writing and according to their tongue.
3e 4C 100
12
וַיִּכְתֹּ֗ב בְּשֵׁם֙ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵרֹ֔שׁ וַיַּחְתֹּ֖ם בְּטַבַּ֣עַת הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח סְפָרִ֡ים בְּיַד֩ הָרָצִ֨ים בַּסּוּסִ֜ים רֹכְבֵ֤י הָרֶ֙כֶשׁ֙ הָֽאֲחַשְׁתְּרָנִ֔ים בְּנֵ֖י הָֽרַמָּכִֽים
10 And he wrote in the name of the king Ahasuerus and sealed with the ring of the king,
and he had correspondence sent by the hand of the racers on the horses, the riders of the steeds, the mules and the male foal of the broodmares.
3e 4C 22
31
אֲשֶׁר֩ נָתַ֨ן הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ לַיְּהוּדִ֣ים ׀ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּכָל־עִיר־וָעִ֗יר לְהִקָּהֵל֮ וְלַעֲמֹ֣ד עַל־נַפְשָׁם֒ לְהַשְׁמִיד֩ וְלַהֲרֹ֨ג וּלְאַבֵּ֜ד אֶת־כָּל־חֵ֨יל עַ֧ם וּמְדִינָ֛ה הַצָּרִ֥ים אֹתָ֖ם טַ֣ף וְנָשִׁ֑ים
וּשְׁלָלָ֖ם לָבֽוֹז
11 In which the king granted for Judeans that were in every city, by city to convene and to stand for their very selves, to exterminate, and to slay, and to eliminate all the force of people or province, those besieging them, little ones and women,
and to take spoil of them, to loot.
3c 4B 54
5
בְּי֣וֹם אֶחָ֔ד בְּכָל־מְדִינ֖וֹת הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֑וֹשׁ
בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁ֥ה עָשָׂ֛ר לְחֹ֥דֶשׁ שְׁנֵים־עָשָׂ֖ר הוּא־חֹ֥דֶשׁ אֲדָֽר
12 On the first day in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus,
on the thirteenth of month twelve (this is the month of Adar),
3d 4B 16
17
פַּתְשֶׁ֣גֶן הַכְּתָ֗ב לְהִנָּ֤תֵֽן דָּת֙ בְּכָל־מְדִינָ֣ה וּמְדִינָ֔ה גָּל֖וּי לְכָל־הָעַמִּ֑ים
וְלִהְי֨וֹת הַיְּהוּדִ֤ים עֲתִידִים֙ לַיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֔ה לְהִנָּקֵ֖ם מֵאֹיְבֵיהֶֽם
13 The copy of the writing to be given as dictate in every province, by province, was disclosed to all the peoples,
and the Judeans to be eager for this day to avenge themselves from their enemies.
3e 4C 25
21
הָרָצִ֞ים רֹכְבֵ֤י הָרֶ֙כֶשׁ֙ הָֽאֲחַשְׁתְּרָנִ֔ים יָֽצְא֛וּ מְבֹהָלִ֥ים וּדְחוּפִ֖ים בִּדְבַ֣ר הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וְהַדָּ֥ת נִתְּנָ֖ה בְּשׁוּשַׁ֥ן הַבִּירָֽה
14 The racers, the riders of the steeds, the mules, came forth, vexed but unrelenting by the word of the king.
And the dictate was given in Shushan, the temple precincts.
3d 4C 28
11
וּמָרְדֳּכַ֞י יָצָ֣א ׀ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ בִּלְב֤וּשׁ מַלְכוּת֙ תְּכֵ֣לֶת וָח֔וּר וַעֲטֶ֤רֶת זָהָב֙ גְּדוֹלָ֔ה וְתַכְרִ֥יךְ בּ֖וּץ וְאַרְגָּמָ֑ן
וְהָעִ֣יר שׁוּשָׁ֔ן צָהֲלָ֖ה וְשָׂמֵֽחָה
15 And Mordecai went forth from the presence of the king in royal clothing, amethyst and cream-white and a great crown of gold and regalia of sea silk and purple,
and the city of Shushan was bright and was glad.
3e 4C 38
12
לַיְּהוּדִ֕ים הָֽיְתָ֥ה אוֹרָ֖ה וְשִׂמְחָ֑ה
וְשָׂשֹׂ֖ן וִיקָֽר
16 For Judeans there was light and gladness,
and joy and esteem.
3e 4A 10
5
וּבְכָל־מְדִינָ֨ה וּמְדִינָ֜ה וּבְכָל־עִ֣יר וָעִ֗יר מְקוֹם֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר דְּבַר־הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ וְדָתוֹ֙ מַגִּ֔יעַ שִׂמְחָ֤ה וְשָׂשׂוֹן֙ לַיְּהוּדִ֔ים מִשְׁתֶּ֖ה וְי֣וֹם ט֑וֹב
וְרַבִּ֞ים מֵֽעַמֵּ֤י הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ מִֽתְיַהֲדִ֔ים כִּֽי־נָפַ֥ל פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים עֲלֵיהֶֽם
17 And in every province, by province, and in every city, by city, the place that the word of the king and the dictate touched, gladness and joy for Judeans, a party and a good day,
and many from the people of the earth modeled on the Judeans, for dread of the Judeans fell on them.
3e 4C 41
23

I was tempted to use Judaized - Judean as a verb in verse 17. To use the Judeans, or the Jews as a model for behaviour is consistent with the teaching of the New Testament, but you wouldn't know that from Christians. Judaize has become a bad word of course, but that too is generally misunderstood even by sensible people. So I introduced the workaround, modeled on the Judeans, because we need good examples. But of course we must be able to distinguish good from evil - in ourselves and those who are other to us.


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