Thursday, May 25, 2017

Proverbs 15

There is considerable word recurrence in this chapter. It is not always obvious with the variance in gloss that I have sometimes chosen here.  E.g. these stems: חכם shrewd, wise, יכח correction, referee, reprove, reproof.

Verse 31 - could be just among or near, rather than in close combat with. I left the computer's guess here (though it is somewhat random). This interesting verse is a rare one in that it is a single sentence, not a pair of verbless clauses.

Proverbs 15 Fn Min Max Syll
מַֽעֲנֶה־רַּ֭ךְ יָשִׁ֣יב חֵמָ֑ה
וּדְבַר־עֶ֝֗צֶב יַעֲלֶה־אָֽף
1 An answer of tenderness will turn back heat,
but a word of hardship will bring up anger.
3e 4B 8
8
לְשׁ֣וֹן חֲ֭כָמִים תֵּיטִ֣יב דָּ֑עַת
וּפִ֥י כְ֝סִילִ֗ים יַבִּ֥יעַ אִוֶּֽלֶת
2 The tongue of the shrewd does well with knowledge,
but the mouth of dullards ferments foolishness.
3e 4B 9
11
בְּֽכָל־מָ֭קוֹם עֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
צֹ֝פ֗וֹת רָעִ֥ים וטוֹבִֽים
3 In every place, the eyes of Yahweh,
on the lookout for the evil and the good.
3e 4B 8
7
מַרְפֵּ֣א לָ֭שׁוֹן עֵ֣ץ חַיִּ֑ים
וְסֶ֥לֶף בָּ֝֗הּ שֶׁ֣בֶר בְּרֽוּחַ
4 A healing tongue, a tree of life,
but undermining in her, a shattering in the spirit.
3e 4B 7
9
אֱוִ֗יל יִ֭נְאַץ מוּסַ֣ר אָבִ֑יו
וְשֹׁמֵ֖ר תּוֹכַ֣חַת יַעְרִֽם
5 The obstinate will spurn the chastening of its parent,
but one who keeps correction, crafty.
3e 4B 8
8
בֵּ֣ית צַ֭דִּיק חֹ֣סֶן רָ֑ב
וּבִתְבוּאַ֖ת רָשָׁ֣ע נֶעְכָּֽרֶת
6 B The house of a righteous one, invincible abundance,
but in the income of a wicked one, agitation.
3e 4B 6
9
שִׂפְתֵ֣י חֲ֭כָמִים יְזָ֣רוּ דָ֑עַת
וְלֵ֖ב כְּסִילִ֣ים לֹא־כֵֽן
7 The lips of the shrewd sift knowledge,
and the heart of dullards not so.
3e 4B 10
7
זֶ֣בַח רְ֭שָׁעִים תּוֹעֲבַ֣ת יְהוָ֑ה
וּתְפִלַּ֖ת יְשָׁרִ֣ים רְצוֹנֽוֹ
8 B The offering of the wicked, an abomination to Yahweh,
but the prayer of the upright, his bidding.
3e 4B 10
9
תּוֹעֲבַ֣ת יְ֭הוָה דֶּ֣רֶךְ רָשָׁ֑ע
וּמְרַדֵּ֖ף צְדָקָ֣ה יֶאֱהָֽב
9 An abomination to Yahweh, the way of wickedness,
but the pursuit of righteousness, he loves.
3e 4B 9
9
מוּסָ֣ר רָ֭ע לְעֹזֵ֣ב אֹ֑רַח
שׂוֹנֵ֖א תוֹכַ֣חַת יָמֽוּת
10 Chastening is hurtful to one who forsakes a path,
but one who hates correction will die.
3e 4B 8
7
שְׁא֣וֹל וַ֭אֲבַדּוֹן נֶ֣גֶד יְהוָ֑ה
אַ֝֗ף כִּֽי־לִבּ֥וֹת בְּֽנֵי־אָדָֽם
11 Sheol and Abaddon are before Yahweh,
also though, for the hearts of the children of humanity.
3e 4B 10
6
לֹ֣א יֶאֱהַב־לֵ֭ץ הוֹכֵ֣חַֽ ל֑וֹ
אֶל־חֲ֝כָמִ֗ים לֹ֣א יֵלֵֽךְ
12 B The scornful does not love reproof for itself.
To the shrewd, such not will go.
3e 4B 9
7
לֵ֣ב שָׂ֭מֵחַ יֵיטִ֣ב פָּנִ֑ים
וּבְעַצְּבַת־לֵ֝ב ר֣וּחַ נְכֵאָֽה
13 B A glad heart makes a merry face,
but hardship of heart, a crestfallen spirit.
3e 4B 8
9
לֵ֣ב נָ֭בוֹן יְבַקֶּשׁ־דָּ֑עַת
וּפִ֥י כְ֝סִילִ֗ים יִרְעֶ֥ה אִוֶּֽלֶת
14 B A heart of understanding seeks knowledge,
but the mouth of dullards grazes foolishly.
3e 4B 8
10
כָּל־יְמֵ֣י עָנִ֣י רָעִ֑ים
וְטֽוֹב־לֵ֝֗ב מִשְׁתֶּ֥ה תָמִֽיד
15 All the days of the afflicted are hurtful,
but a good heart parties continually.
3e 4B 7
7
טוֹב־מְ֭עַט בְּיִרְאַ֣ת יְהוָ֑ה
מֵאוֹצָ֥ר רָ֝֗ב וּמְה֥וּמָה בֽוֹ
16 Better a little in the fear of Yahweh,
than funds in abundance and discomfort in them.
3e 4B 8
8
ט֤וֹב אֲרֻחַ֣ת יָ֭רָק וְאַהֲבָה־שָׁ֑ם
מִשּׁ֥וֹר אָ֝ב֗וּס וְשִׂנְאָה־בֽוֹ
17 C Better a diet of foliage, and love be there,
than a bull trodden down, and hatred in it.
3e 4C 11
8
אִ֣ישׁ חֵ֭מָה יְגָרֶ֣ה מָד֑וֹן
וְאֶ֥רֶך אַ֝פַּ֗יִם יַשְׁקִ֥יט רִֽיב
18 B Each with heat strokes dissension,
but one slow to anger quiets strife.
3e 4B 8
8
דֶּ֣רֶךְ עָ֭צֵל כִּמְשֻׂ֣כַת חָ֑דֶק
וְאֹ֖רַח יְשָׁרִ֣ים סְלֻלָֽה
19 B The way of the sluggard, like an entwining prickly shrub,
but the path of the upright, a ramp.
3e 4B 9
9
בֵּ֣ן חָ֭כָם יְשַׂמַּח־אָ֑ב
וּכְסִ֥יל אָ֝דָ֗ם בּוֹזֶ֥ה אִמּֽוֹ
20 B A wise child makes a father glad,
but a dullard earthling is contemptuous of its mother.
3e 4B 7
8
אִ֭וֶּלֶת שִׂמְחָ֣ה לַחֲסַר־לֵ֑ב
וְאִ֥ישׁ תְּ֝בוּנָ֗ה יְיַשֶׁר־לָֽכֶת
21 g Foolishness, gladness to the deprived of heart,
but a person of discernment walks equitably.
3e 4B 9
10
הָפֵ֣ר מַ֭חֲשָׁבוֹת בְּאֵ֣ין ס֑וֹד
וּבְרֹ֖ב יוֹעֲצִ֣ים תָּקֽוּם
22 Thwarted are devices without deliberation,
and in a multitude of counselors it will arise.
3e 4B 9
7
שִׂמְחָ֣ה לָ֭אִישׁ בְּמַעֲנֵה־פִ֑יו
וְדָבָ֖ר בְּעִתּ֣וֹ מַה־טּֽוֹב
23 Gladness to each in the answer of its mouth,
and a word in its time, how fine.
3e 4B 9
8
אֹ֣רַח חַ֭יִּים לְמַ֣עְלָה לְמַשְׂכִּ֑יל
לְמַ֥עַן ס֝֗וּר מִשְּׁא֥וֹל מָֽטָּה
24 B A path of life to the upward for one with insight,
in order to turn aside from Sheol downward.
3e 4B 10
8
בֵּ֣ית גֵּ֭אִים יִסַּ֥ח ׀ יְהוָ֑ה
וְ֝יַצֵּ֗ב גְּב֣וּל אַלְמָנָֽה
25 B The house of the proud, Yahweh will pluck,
but he will fix the border of the widow.
3e 4B 7
8
תּוֹעֲבַ֣ת יְ֭הוָה מַחְשְׁב֣וֹת רָ֑ע
וּ֝טְהֹרִ֗ים אִמְרֵי־נֹֽעַם
26 An abomination to Yahweh, considerations of evil,
but clean, the sayings of pleasantness.
3e 4B 9
6
עֹכֵ֣ר בֵּ֭יתוֹ בּוֹצֵ֣עַ בָּ֑צַע
וְשׂוֹנֵ֖א מַתָּנֹ֣ת יִחְיֶֽה
27 Extortion seeking gain agitates its house,
but one who hates graft will live.
3e 4B 9
8
לֵ֣ב צַ֭דִּיק יֶהְגֶּ֣ה לַעֲנ֑וֹת
וּפִ֥י רְ֝שָׁעִ֗ים יַבִּ֥יעַ רָעֽוֹת
28 B The heart of a righteous one meditates to answer,
but the mouth of the wicked ferments evil things.
3e 4B 8
10
רָח֣וֹק יְ֭הוָה מֵרְשָׁעִ֑ים
וּתְפִלַּ֖ת צַדִּיקִ֣ים יִשְׁמָֽע
29 Distant is Yahweh from the wicked,
but the prayer of the righteous he will hear.
3e 4B 7
8
מְֽאוֹר־עֵ֭ינַיִם יְשַׂמַּֽח־לֵ֑ב
שְׁמוּעָ֥ה ט֝וֹבָ֗ה תְּדַשֶּׁן־עָֽצֶם
30 The light of the eyes makes a heart glad.
A good message fattens bones.
3e 4A 8
10
אֹ֗זֶן שֹׁ֭מַעַת תּוֹכַ֣חַת חַיִּ֑ים
בְּקֶ֖רֶב חֲכָמִ֣ים תָּלִֽין
31 ~ An ear that hears the referee of life,
in close combat with the shrewd, lodges.
3e 4B 10
8
פּוֹרֵ֣עַ מ֭וּסָר מוֹאֵ֣ס נַפְשׁ֑וֹ
וְשׁוֹמֵ֥עַ תּ֝וֹכַ֗חַת ק֣וֹנֶה לֵּֽב
32 One who neglects chastening refuses himself,
but one who hears correction acquires a heart.
3e 4B 9
10
יִרְאַ֣ת יְ֭הוָה מוּסַ֣ר חָכְמָ֑ה
וְלִפְנֵ֖י כָב֣וֹד עֲנָוָֽה
33 The fear of Yahweh, the chastening of wisdom,
and in the presence of glory, gentleness.
3e 4B 8
8