Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Jeremiah 33

Jeremiah chapters keep percolating to the top. That's fine. I know how long this book is and I wondered if I would ever finish it. Here Jeremiah flirts with atheism, and allows Yahweh to withdraw all promises, yet also insists that they will be fulfilled, but not with the traditional nation / exclusive governing model of kings. Really? What can be read here of the confusion of third person plural pronouns. It is the first time I have seen such redundancy and ambiguity of third person plural pronouns (at least as I recall at the moment). Also someone noted to me that Israel desired to be a nation, and here they themselves are allowed to assert its impossibility within the two families that Yahweh has chosen. Also here, note how the mem prefix מ may imply what would more smoothly be expressed by a negative in English.

Trying to imagine the mind of Jeremiah, a man whose word is rejected, a man who has learned his tradition, who appeals to the patriarchs and to David, (only once to Moses by name). It seems he is able to imagine denying everything he thinks he knows about propositional statements from his tradition about Yahweh yet he will not deny the compassionate character of Yahweh.

Jeremiah 33 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֧י דְבַר־יְהוָ֛ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ שֵׁנִ֑ית
וְהוּא֙ עוֹדֶ֣נּוּ עָצ֔וּר בַּחֲצַ֥ר הַמַּטָּרָ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר
1 And the word of Yahweh happened to Jeremiah a second time,
when he was yet detained in the court of the cell, saying,
3c 4B 13
כֹּֽה־אָמַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה עֹשָׂ֑הּ
יְהוָ֗ה יוֹצֵ֥ר אוֹתָ֛הּ לַהֲכִינָ֖הּ יְהוָ֥ה שְׁמֽוֹ
2 Thus says Yahweh, her maker,
Yahweh who fashioned her, to establish her. Yahweh is his name.
3d 4A 7
קְרָ֥א אֵלַ֖י וְאֶעֱנֶ֑ךָּ
וְאַגִּ֧ידָה לְּךָ֛ גְּדֹל֥וֹת וּבְצֻר֖וֹת לֹ֥א יְדַעְתָּֽם
3 Call to me and I will answer you,
and I will tell you great things and enclosed, that you do not know.
3c 4A 9
כִּי֩ כֹ֨ה אָמַ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל עַל־בָּתֵּי֙ הָעִ֣יר הַזֹּ֔את וְעַל־בָּתֵּ֖י מַלְכֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֑ה
הַנְּתֻצִ֕ים אֶל־הַסֹּלְל֖וֹת וְאֶל־הֶחָֽרֶב
4 ~ For thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel, concerning the houses of this city and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah,
broken down by the ramps and by the sword,
3e 4C 28
בָּאִ֗ים לְהִלָּחֵם֙ אֶת־הַכַּשְׂדִּ֔ים וּלְמַלְאָם֙ אֶת־פִּגְרֵ֣י הָאָדָ֔ם אֲשֶׁר־הִכֵּ֥יתִי בְאַפִּ֖י וּבַחֲמָתִ֑י
וַאֲשֶׁ֨ר הִסְתַּ֤רְתִּי פָנַי֙ מֵהָעִ֣יר הַזֹּ֔את עַ֖ל כָּל־רָעָתָֽם
5 by those who came to fight the Chaldeans and to fill them with the carcasses of the earthling, that I struck in my anger and in my heat,
in that I hid my face from this city over all their evil.
3e 4C 32
הִנְנִ֧י מַעֲלֶה־לָּ֛הּ אֲרֻכָ֥ה וּמַרְפֵּ֖א וּרְפָאתִ֑ים
וְגִלֵּיתִ֣י לָהֶ֔ם עֲתֶ֥רֶת שָׁל֖וֹם וֶאֱמֶֽת
6 Note me well, making patience ascend for her, and healing, and healing them,
and I will disclose to them a petition for peace and truth.
3c 4B 15
וַהֲשִֽׁבֹתִי֙ אֶת־שְׁב֣וּת יְהוּדָ֔ה וְאֵ֖ת שְׁב֣וּת יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וּבְנִתִ֖ים כְּבָרִֽאשֹׁנָֽה
7 And I will eradicate the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel,
and will build them at as the beginning.
3e 4B 18
וְטִ֣הַרְתִּ֔ים מִכָּל־עֲוֺנָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָֽטְאוּ־לִ֑י
וְסָלַחְתִּ֗י לְכָל־עֲוֺנֽוֹתֵיהֶם֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר חָֽטְאוּ־לִ֔י וַאֲשֶׁ֖ר פָּ֥שְׁעוּ בִֽי
8 And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, who have sinned against me,
and I will forgive all their iniquities, who have sinned against me and who have transgressed against me.
3e 4B 14
וְהָ֣יְתָה לִּ֗י לְשֵׁ֤ם שָׂשׂוֹן֙ לִתְהִלָּ֣ה וּלְתִפְאֶ֔רֶת לְכֹ֖ל גּוֹיֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ
אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִשְׁמְע֜וּ אֶת־כָּל־הַטּוֹבָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר אָֽנֹכִי֙ עֹשֶׂ֣ה אֹתָ֔ם וּפָחֲד֣וּ וְרָֽגְז֗וּ עַ֤ל כָּל־הַטּוֹבָה֙ וְעַ֣ל כָּל־הַשָּׁל֔וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אָֽנֹכִ֖י עֹ֥שֶׂה לָּֽהּ
9 And it will be to me for a name of joy, for praise and for adornment, for all the nations of the earth,
who hear all the good that I am doing them. And they will dread and shudder over all the good and over all the peace that I make of it.
3e 4C 22
כֹּ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֗ה עוֹד֮ יִשָּׁמַ֣ע בַּמָּקוֹם־הַזֶּה֒ אֲשֶׁר֙ אַתֶּ֣ם אֹֽמְרִ֔ים חָרֵ֣ב ה֔וּא מֵאֵ֥ין אָדָ֖ם וּמֵאֵ֣ין בְּהֵמָ֑ה
בְּעָרֵ֤י יְהוּדָה֙ וּבְחֻצ֣וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֔ם הַֽנְשַׁמּ֗וֹת מֵאֵ֥ין אָדָ֛ם וּמֵאֵ֥ין יוֹשֵׁ֖ב וּמֵאֵ֥ין בְּהֵמָֽה
10 B Thus says Yahweh, Yet will be heard in this place (that you are saying, It is a desert, without humanity and without beast),
in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem that are desolate, without humanity, and without inhabitant, and without beast,
3d 4C 33
ק֣וֹל שָׂשׂ֞וֹן וְק֣וֹל שִׂמְחָ֗ה ק֣וֹל חָתָן֮ וְק֣וֹל כַּלָּה֒ ק֣וֹל אֹמְרִ֡ים הוֹדוּ֩ אֶת־יְהוָ֨ה צְבָא֜וֹת כִּֽי־ט֤וֹב יְהוָה֙ כִּֽי־לְעוֹלָ֣ם חַסְדּ֔וֹ מְבִאִ֥ים תּוֹדָ֖ה בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
כִּֽי־אָשִׁ֧יב אֶת־שְׁבוּת־הָאָ֛רֶץ כְּבָרִאשֹׁנָ֖ה אָמַ֥ר יְהוָֽה
11 B the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of bridegroom and the voice of bride, the voice of them who say, Give thanks to Yahweh of hosts, for Yahweh is good, for his kindness is forever, those who bring thanksgiving into the house of Yahweh,
for I will restore the captivity of the land as at the beginning, says Yahweh.
3c 4C 43
כֹּֽה־אָמַר֮ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאוֹת֒ ע֞וֹד יִֽהְיֶ֣ה ׀ בַּמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֗ה הֶחָרֵ֛ב מֵֽאֵין־אָדָ֥ם וְעַד־בְּהֵמָ֖ה וּבְכָל־עָרָ֑יו
נְוֵ֣ה רֹעִ֔ים מַרְבִּצִ֖ים צֹֽאן
12 Thus says Yahweh of hosts, Yet there will be in this place, the desert without humanity, and even beast, and in all its cities,
the home of shepherds making sheep recline,
3d 4B 32
בְּעָרֵ֨י הָהָ֜ר בְּעָרֵ֤י הַשְּׁפֵלָה֙ וּבְעָרֵ֣י הַנֶּ֔גֶב וּבְאֶ֧רֶץ בִּנְיָמִ֛ן וּבִסְבִיבֵ֥י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם וּבְעָרֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֑ה
עֹ֣ד תַּעֲבֹ֧רְנָה הַצֹּ֛אן עַל־יְדֵ֥י מוֹנֶ֖ה אָמַ֥ר יְהוָֽה
13 in the cities of the hill, in the cities of the lowly places, and in the cities of the Negev, in the cities of Benjamin, and in the places surrounding Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah,
ever the flock will pass through by the hands of one who is appointed, says Yahweh.
3c 4C 37
הִנֵּ֛ה יָמִ֥ים בָּאִ֖ים נְאֻם־יְהוָ֑ה
וַהֲקִֽמֹתִי֙ אֶת־הַדָּבָ֣ר הַטּ֔וֹב אֲשֶׁ֥ר דִּבַּ֛רְתִּי אֶל־בֵּ֥ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל וְעַל־בֵּ֥ית יְהוּדָֽה
14 Behold days are coming, an oracle of Yahweh,
and I will place the good thing that I spoke to the house of Israel and over the house of Judah.
3d 4B 10
בַּיָּמִ֤ים הָהֵם֙ וּבָעֵ֣ת הַהִ֔יא אַצְמִ֥יחַ לְדָוִ֖ד צֶ֣מַח צְדָקָ֑ה
וְעָשָׂ֛ה מִשְׁפָּ֥ט וּצְדָקָ֖ה בָּאָֽרֶץ
15 In those days and at that time, I will make grow, of David, the sprout of righteousness,
and it will do judgment and righteousness in the land.
3d 4C 21
בַּיָּמִ֤ים הָהֵם֙ תִּוָּשַׁ֣ע יְהוּדָ֔ה וִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם תִּשְׁכּ֣וֹן לָבֶ֑טַח
וְזֶ֥ה אֲשֶׁר־יִקְרָא־לָ֖הּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ צִדְקֵֽנוּ
16 In days those Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in trust.
And this is what he will recite for her, Yahweh is our righteousness.
3e 4C 20
כִּי־כֹ֖ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֑ה
לֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֣ת לְדָוִ֔ד אִ֕ישׁ יֹשֵׁ֖ב עַל־כִּסֵּ֥א בֵֽית־יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 Because thus says Yahweh,
There will not be cut off of David a representative to sit on the throne of the house of Israel.
3e 4B 6
וְלַכֹּהֲנִים֙ הַלְוִיִּ֔ם לֹֽא־יִכָּרֵ֥ת אִ֖ישׁ מִלְּפָנָ֑י
מַעֲלֶ֨ה עוֹלָ֜ה וּמַקְטִ֥יר מִנְחָ֛ה וְעֹ֥שֶׂה־זֶּ֖בַח כָּל־הַיָּמִֽים
18 Of the priests, the Levites, neither will there be cut off a representative from my presence,
making burnt offering ascend and incense, gift, and doing sacrifice, every day.
3d 4A 15
וַֽיְהִי֙ דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ לֵאמֽוֹר 19 And the word of Yahweh happened to Jeremiah, saying, 3e 3g 13
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אִם־תָּפֵ֙רוּ֙ אֶת־בְּרִיתִ֣י הַיּ֔וֹם וְאֶת־בְּרִיתִ֖י הַלָּ֑יְלָה
וּלְבִלְתִּ֛י הֱי֥וֹת יֽוֹמָם־וָלַ֖יְלָה בְּעִתָּֽם
20 C Thus says Yahweh, If you can annul my covenant of the day and my covenant of the night,
and without there being day and night in their time,
3d 4C 23
גַּם־בְּרִיתִ֤י תֻפַר֙ אֶת־דָּוִ֣ד עַבְדִּ֔י מִהְיֽוֹת־ל֥וֹ בֵ֖ן מֹלֵ֣ךְ עַל־כִּסְא֑וֹ
וְאֶת־הַלְוִיִּ֥ם הַכֹּהֲנִ֖ים מְשָׁרְתָֽי
21 even annul my covenant with David, my servant, from having his son king on his throne,
and with the Levites, the priests, my ministers,
3e 4C 20
אֲשֶׁ֤ר לֹֽא־יִסָּפֵר֙ צְבָ֣א הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְלֹ֥א יִמַּ֖ד ח֣וֹל הַיָּ֑ם
כֵּ֣ן אַרְבֶּ֗ה אֶת־זֶ֙רַע֙ דָּוִ֣ד עַבְדִּ֔י וְאֶת־הַלְוִיִּ֖ם מְשָׁרְתֵ֥י אֹתִֽי
22 as the host of the heavens cannot be counted, nor measured the sand of the sea,
so I will increase the seed of David my servant, and the Levites ministering to me.
3e 4C 17
וַֽיְהִי֙ דְּבַר־יְהוָ֔ה אֶֽל־יִרְמְיָ֖הוּ לֵאמֹֽר 23 And the word of Yahweh happened to Jeremiah, saying, 3e 3g 13
הֲל֣וֹא רָאִ֗יתָ מָֽה־הָעָ֤ם הַזֶּה֙ דִּבְּר֣וּ לֵאמֹ֔ר שְׁתֵּ֣י הַמִּשְׁפָּח֗וֹת אֲשֶׁ֨ר בָּחַ֧ר יְהוָ֛ה בָּהֶ֖ם וַיִּמְאָסֵ֑ם
וְאֶת־עַמִּי֙ יִנְאָצ֔וּן מִֽהְי֥וֹת ע֖וֹד גּ֥וֹי לִפְנֵיהֶֽם
24 B Have you not seen what this people speak? saying, The two families which Yahweh chose by themselves... But he has refused them.
And my people he has spurned from being any more a nation in their presence.
3c 4C 32
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה אִם־לֹ֥א בְרִיתִ֖י יוֹמָ֣ם וָלָ֑יְלָה
חֻקּ֛וֹת שָׁמַ֥יִם וָאָ֖רֶץ לֹא־שָֽׂמְתִּי
25 C Thus says Yahweh, If my covenant is not, day and night,
the decrees of heaven and earth I do not set,
3d 4C 15
גַּם־זֶ֣רַע יַעֲקוֹב֩ וְדָוִ֨ד עַבְדִּ֜י אֶמְאַ֗ס מִקַּ֤חַת מִזַּרְעוֹ֙ מֹֽשְׁלִ֔ים אֶל־זֶ֥רַע אַבְרָהָ֖ם יִשְׂחָ֣ק וְיַעֲקֹ֑ב
כִּֽי־אָשִׁ֥יב אֶת־שְׁבוּתָ֖ם וְרִחַמְתִּֽים
26 even the seed of Jacob, and David, my servant, I will refuse, to take from his seed to be governors,
over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, for I will reverse their captivity, and I will have compassion on them.
3e 4C 33