Saturday, January 14, 2017

Exodus 24

Loaded words. What is a loaded word? This chapter has two distinct stories. Distinct is loaded, story is loaded.

There are some difficult sentences to parse. Moses seems dismissive to the people at the base of the mountain. In some ways, he got what he deserved this first time up the mountain (hill, mount). What sort of management style is he executing? Yet the import of both stories is key to the human search and to human stability and governance and responsibility. There is beloved instruction here, but it may not be loaded with the import that we first impose on it.

In the Hebrew, נגשׁ is a loaded word. So far I have rendered it with one of the following: bring close (Amos 6:3), come close (Genesis 19:9, Jeremiah 42:1, Exodus 20:21), make overture (1 Samuel 17:16, 40, Job 40:19, Malachi 1:7-8, 2:12, Joel 4:9, Psalm 91:7), lump (Job 7:5), bump (Amos 9:13). Curious that it is used twice here and once with the briefest of cursory instruction.

Verse 9 has the odd verb subject order to preserve the atnah.
Exodus 24 Fn Min Max Syll
וְאֶל־מֹשֶׁ֨ה אָמַ֜ר עֲלֵ֣ה אֶל־יְהוָ֗ה אַתָּה֙ וְאַהֲרֹן֙ נָדָ֣ב וַאֲבִיה֔וּא וְשִׁבְעִ֖ים מִזִּקְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתֶ֖ם מֵרָחֹֽק
1 And to Moses he said, Ascend to Yahweh, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel,
and worship from a distance.
3e 4B 32
9
וְנִגַּ֨שׁ מֹשֶׁ֤ה לְבַדּוֹ֙ אֶל־יְהוָ֔ה וְהֵ֖ם לֹ֣א יִגָּ֑שׁוּ
וְהָעָ֕ם לֹ֥א יַעֲל֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ
2 And Moses will come close, he alone, to Yahweh, and they, they will not come close,
and the people will not ascend with him.
3e 4C 17
9
וַיָּבֹ֣א מֹשֶׁ֗ה וַיְסַפֵּ֤ר לָעָם֙ אֵ֚ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־הַמִּשְׁפָּטִ֑ים
וַיַּ֨עַן כָּל־הָעָ֜ם ק֤וֹל אֶחָד֙ וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֛ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה נַעֲשֶֽׂה
3 And Moses came and recounted to the people all the words of Yahweh and all the judgments,
and all the people answered, one voice, and they said, All the things that Yahweh spoke, we will do.
3d 4C 23
25
וַיִּכְתֹּ֣ב מֹשֶׁ֗ה אֵ֚ת כָּל־דִּבְרֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֣ם בַּבֹּ֔קֶר וַיִּ֥בֶן מִזְבֵּ֖חַ תַּ֣חַת הָהָ֑ר
וּשְׁתֵּ֤ים עֶשְׂרֵה֙ מַצֵּבָ֔ה לִשְׁנֵ֥ים עָשָׂ֖ר שִׁבְטֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
4 And Moses wrote all the words of Yahweh and rose up early in the morning and built an altar under the hill,
and twelve monuments for the twelve sceptres of Israel.
3e 4C 27
16
וַיִּשְׁלַ֗ח אֶֽת־נַעֲרֵי֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיַּֽעֲל֖וּ עֹלֹ֑ת
וַֽיִּזְבְּח֞וּ זְבָחִ֧ים שְׁלָמִ֛ים לַיהוָ֖ה פָּרִֽים
5 And he sent youth of the children of Israel, and they brought up a burnt offering,
and they offered peace offerings to Yahweh, young bulls.
3c 4B 18
14
וַיִּקַּ֤ח מֹשֶׁה֙ חֲצִ֣י הַדָּ֔ם וַיָּ֖שֶׂם בָּאַגָּנֹ֑ת
וַחֲצִ֣י הַדָּ֔ם זָרַ֖ק עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ
6 And Moses took half the blood and put it the goblets,
and half the blood he dashed over the altar.
3e 4C 16
12
וַיִּקַּח֙ סֵ֣פֶר הַבְּרִ֔ית וַיִּקְרָ֖א בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הָעָ֑ם
וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה נַעֲשֶׂ֥ה וְנִשְׁמָֽע
7 And he took the record of the covenant and he recited in the ears of the people,
and they said, All that Yahweh spoke, we will do and we will hear.
3d 4B 15
16
וַיִּקַּ֤ח מֹשֶׁה֙ אֶת־הַדָּ֔ם וַיִּזְרֹ֖ק עַל־הָעָ֑ם
וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּ֤ה דַֽם־הַבְּרִית֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר כָּרַ֤ת יְהוָה֙ עִמָּכֶ֔ם עַ֥ל כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֖ים הָאֵֽלֶּה
8 And Moses took the blood and he dashed it over the people,
and he said, Behold the blood of the covenant which Yahweh cut with you over all these words.
3e 4C 14
25
וַיַּ֥עַל מֹשֶׁ֖ה וְאַהֲרֹ֑ן
נָדָב֙ וַאֲבִיה֔וּא וְשִׁבְעִ֖ים מִזִּקְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
9 And ascended Moses and Aaron,
Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel.
3e 4A 9
15
וַיִּרְא֕וּ אֵ֖ת אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְתַ֣חַת רַגְלָ֗יו כְּמַעֲשֵׂה֙ לִבְנַ֣ת הַסַּפִּ֔יר וּכְעֶ֥צֶם הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם לָטֹֽהַר
10 And they saw the God of Israel,
and under his feet, as if made of the white of the sapphire and as the bones of the heavens for lustre.
3e 4B 10
23
וְאֶל־אֲצִילֵי֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לֹ֥א שָׁלַ֖ח יָד֑וֹ
וַֽיֶּחֱזוּ֙ אֶת־הָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים וַיֹּאכְל֖וּ וַיִּשְׁתּֽוּ
11 And to the elect of the children of Israel, he did not extend his hand.
And they gazed on this God, and they ate and they imbibed.
3e 4B 15
15
וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה עֲלֵ֥ה אֵלַ֛י הָהָ֖רָה וֶהְיֵה־שָׁ֑ם
וְאֶתְּנָ֨ה לְךָ֜ אֶת־לֻחֹ֣ת הָאֶ֗בֶן וְהַתּוֹרָה֙ וְהַמִּצְוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר כָּתַ֖בְתִּי לְהוֹרֹתָֽם
12 And Yahweh said to Moses, Ascend to me towards the hill and be there,
and I will give to you the tablets of stone, and the instruction and the commandment that I have written, that you may instruct them.
3d 4B 18
28
וַיָּ֣קָם מֹשֶׁ֔ה וִיהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ מְשָׁרְת֑וֹ
וַיַּ֥עַל מֹשֶׁ֖ה אֶל־הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִֽים
13 And Moses arose and Joshua his minister.
And Moses ascended to the hill of this God.
3e 4B 12
11
וְאֶל־הַזְּקֵנִ֤ים אָמַר֙ שְׁבוּ־לָ֣נוּ בָזֶ֔ה עַ֥ד אֲשֶׁר־נָשׁ֖וּב אֲלֵיכֶ֑ם
וְהִנֵּ֨ה אַהֲרֹ֤ן וְחוּר֙ עִמָּכֶ֔ם מִי־בַ֥עַל דְּבָרִ֖ים יִגַּ֥שׁ אֲלֵהֶֽם
14 And to the elders he said, Sit for us in this until we return to you,
and behold, Aaron and Hur with you. Whichever husband there be with matters, let him make overture to them.
3e 4C 20
21
וַיַּ֥עַל מֹשֶׁ֖ה אֶל־הָהָ֑ר
וַיְכַ֥ס הֶעָנָ֖ן אֶת־הָהָֽר
15 And Moses ascended to the hill,
and the cloud covered the hill.
3e 4A 8
8
וַיִּשְׁכֹּ֤ן כְּבוֹד־יְהוָה֙ עַל־הַ֣ר סִינַ֔י וַיְכַסֵּ֥הוּ הֶעָנָ֖ן שֵׁ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֑ים
וַיִּקְרָ֧א אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֛ה בַּיּ֥וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֖י מִתּ֥וֹךְ הֶעָנָֽן
16 And the glory of Yahweh dwelt over mount Sinai and the cloud covered it six days,
and he called to Moses on the seventh day from the midst of the cloud.
3c 4C 22
16
וּמַרְאֵה֙ כְּב֣וֹד יְהוָ֔ה כְּאֵ֥שׁ אֹכֶ֖לֶת בְּרֹ֣אשׁ הָהָ֑ר
לְעֵינֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
17 And the appearance of the glory of Yahweh was as devouring fire on the top of the hill,
in the sight of the children of Israel.
3e 4B 16
8
וַיָּבֹ֥א מֹשֶׁ֛ה בְּת֥וֹךְ הֶעָנָ֖ן וַיַּ֣עַל אֶל־הָהָ֑ר
וַיְהִ֤י מֹשֶׁה֙ בָּהָ֔ר אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם וְאַרְבָּעִ֖ים לָֽיְלָה
18 And Moses entered into the midst of the cloud and ascended onto the hill,
and Moses was on the hill a forty day and forty night span.
3d 4C 16
16


No comments:

Post a Comment