Thursday, January 5, 2017

2 Chronicles 34

As might have been expected, my next chapter is the parallel passage in Chronicles of 2 Kings 22-23 - Josiah and his zeal. Note the initial 'they' (beginning in verse 4) that switches to the singular 'he'.

2 Chronicles 34 Fn Min Max Syll
בֶּן־שְׁמוֹנֶ֥ה שָׁנִ֖ים יֹאשִׁיָּ֣הוּ בְמָלְכ֑וֹ
וּשְׁלֹשִׁ֤ים וְאַחַת֙ שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָֽם
1 A child of eight years Josiah was when he began to reign,
and thirty one years he reigned in Jerusalem.
3e 4C 13
14
וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הַיָּשָׁ֖ר בְּעֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה
וַיֵּ֗לֶךְ בְּדַרְכֵי֙ דָּוִ֣יד אָבִ֔יו וְלֹא־סָ֖ר יָמִ֥ין וּשְׂמֹֽאול
2 And he did what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh,
and he walked in the ways of David his father and was not stubborn on the right hand or on the left.
3e 4B 11
18
וּבִשְׁמוֹנֶ֨ה שָׁנִ֜ים לְמָלְכ֗וֹ וְהוּא֙ עוֹדֶ֣נּוּ נַ֔עַר הֵחֵ֕ל לִדְר֕וֹשׁ לֵאלֹהֵ֖י דָּוִ֣יד אָבִ֑יו
וּבִשְׁתֵּ֧ים עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֗ה הֵחֵל֙ לְטַהֵ֔ר אֶת־יְהוּדָה֙ וִיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם מִן־הַבָּמוֹת֙ וְהָ֣אֲשֵׁרִ֔ים וְהַפְּסִלִ֖ים וְהַמַּסֵּכֽוֹת
3 And in the eighth year of his reign, when he was yet a youth, he started to search out the God of David, his father,
and in the twelfth year, he started to cleanse Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the fetishes, and the graven images, and the molten images.
3c 4B 27
38
וַיְנַתְּצ֣וּ לְפָנָ֗יו אֵ֚ת מִזְבְּח֣וֹת הַבְּעָלִ֔ים וְהַֽחַמָּנִ֛ים אֲשֶׁר־לְמַ֥עְלָה מֵעֲלֵיהֶ֖ם גִּדֵּ֑עַ
וְ֠הָאֲשֵׁרִים וְהַפְּסִלִ֤ים וְהַמַּסֵּכוֹת֙ שִׁבַּ֣ר וְהֵדַ֔ק וַיִּזְרֹק֙ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י הַקְּבָרִ֔ים הַזֹּבְחִ֖ים לָהֶֽם
4 And they broke down, in his presence, the altars of the Baalim, and the sun-pillars that rose upward upon them, he truncated,
and the fetishes and the graven images and the molten images he shattered and stamped out, and he peppered it on the surface of the tombs of those who sacrificed to them.
3d 4C 30
33
וְעַצְמוֹת֙ כֹּֽהֲנִ֔ים שָׂרַ֖ף עַל־מִזְבְּחוֹתָ֑ם
וַיְטַהֵ֥ר אֶת־יְהוּדָ֖ה וְאֶת־יְרוּשָׁלִָֽם
5 And the bones of the priests he incinerated on their altars,
and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem.
3e 4A 13
13
וּבְעָרֵ֨י מְנַשֶּׁ֧ה וְאֶפְרַ֛יִם וְשִׁמְע֖וֹן וְעַד־נַפְתָּלִ֑י
בְּחַרְ בֹתֵיהֶ֖ם סָבִֽיב
6 And in the cities of Manasseh and Ephraim and Simeon and to Naphtali,
in their deserts round about.
3c 4A 17
7
וַיְנַתֵּ֣ץ אֶת־הַֽמִּזְבְּח֗וֹת וְאֶת־הָאֲשֵׁרִ֤ים וְהַפְּסִלִים֙ כִּתַּ֣ת לְהֵדַ֔ק וְכָל־הַֽחַמָּנִ֥ים גִּדַּ֖ע בְּכָל־אֶ֣רֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וַיָּ֖שָׁב לִירוּשָׁלִָֽם
7 And when he had broken down the altars and the fetishes and had beaten to stamp out the graven images and truncated all the sun-pillars in all the land of Israel,
then he returned to Jerusalem.
3e 4C 38
7
וּבִשְׁנַ֨ת שְׁמוֹנֶ֤ה עֶשְׂרֵה֙ לְמָלְכ֔וֹ לְטַהֵ֥ר הָאָ֖רֶץ וְהַבָּ֑יִת
שָׁ֠לַח אֶת־שָׁפָ֨ן בֶּן־אֲצַלְיָ֜הוּ וְאֶת־מַעֲשֵׂיָ֣הוּ שַׂר־הָעִ֗יר וְ֠אֵת יוֹאָ֤ח בֶּן־יֽוֹאָחָז֙ הַמַּזְכִּ֔יר לְחַזֵּ֕ק אֶת־בֵּ֖ית יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָֽיו
8 And in the eighteenth year of his reign to cleanse the land and the house,
he sent Shaphan child of Atsalyahu and Maaseyah, the chief of the city, and Joah child of Joachaz the archivist, to revamp the house of Yahweh his God.
3e 4C 21
40
וַיָּבֹ֜אוּ אֶל־חִלְקִיָּ֣הוּ ׀ הַכֹּהֵ֣ן הַגָּד֗וֹל וַֽיִּתְּנוּ֮ אֶת־הַכֶּסֶף֮ הַמּוּבָ֣א בֵית־אֱלֹהִים֒ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָסְפֽוּ־הַלְוִיִּם֩ שֹׁמְרֵ֨י הַסַּ֜ף מִיַּ֧ד מְנַשֶּׁ֣ה וְאֶפְרַ֗יִם וּמִכֹּל֙ שְׁאֵרִ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וּמִכָּל־יְהוּדָ֖ה וּבִנְיָמִ֑ן
וַיָּשֻׁ֖בוּ יְרֽוּשָׁלִָֽם
9 And when they came to Hilqiah the great priest, they gave the silver that was brought into the house of God that the Levites had gathered, those keeping the doorway, from the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim, and from all the residue of Israel, and from all Judah and Benjamin,
and they returned to Jerusalem.
3c 4B 66
8
וַֽיִּתְּנ֗וּ עַל־יַד֙ עֹשֵׂ֣ה הַמְּלָאכָ֔ה הַמֻּפְקָדִ֖ים בְּבֵ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
וַיִּתְּנ֨וּ אֹת֜וֹ עוֹשֵׂ֣י הַמְּלָאכָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר עֹשִׂים֙ בְּבֵ֣ית יְהוָ֔ה לִבְדּ֥וֹק וּלְחַזֵּ֖ק הַבָּֽיִת
10 And they gave it into the hand of the one doing the lines of work, those officiating in the house of Yahweh,
and they gave it to those doing the lines of work who were constructing in the house of Yahweh to refurbish and to revamp the house.
3e 4C 18
26
וַֽיִּתְּנ֗וּ לֶחָֽרָשִׁים֙ וְלַבֹּנִ֔ים לִקְנוֹת֙ אַבְנֵ֣י מַחְצֵ֔ב וְעֵצִ֖ים לַֽמְחַבְּר֑וֹת
וּלְקָרוֹת֙ אֶת־הַבָּ֣תִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר הִשְׁחִ֖יתוּ מַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה
11 And they gave to the carpenters and to the builders to buy hewn stones and timber for braces,
and beams for the houses which the kings of Judah had destroyed.
3e 4B 23
17
וְהָאֲנָשִׁים֩ עֹשִׂ֨ים בֶּאֱמוּנָ֜ה בַּמְּלָאכָ֗ה וַעֲלֵיהֶ֣ם ׀ מֻ֠פְקָדִים יַ֣חַת וְעֹבַדְיָ֤הוּ הַלְוִיִּם֙ מִן־בְּנֵ֣י מְרָרִ֔י וּזְכַרְיָ֧ה וּמְשֻׁלָּ֛ם מִן־בְּנֵ֥י הַקְּהָתִ֖ים לְנַצֵּ֑חַ
וְהַ֨לְוִיִּ֔ם כָּל־מֵבִ֖ין בִּכְלֵי־שִֽׁיר
12 And everyone did in faithfulness the lines of work, and over them the officers were Jachat and Obadiah, the Levites from the children of Merari, and Zachariah and Meshullam, from the children of the Kohathites to lead,
and the Levites, all with discernment in the instruments of the song.
3c 4C 53
10
וְעַ֣ל הַסַּבָּלִ֗ים וּֽמְנַצְּחִים֙ לְכֹל֙ עֹשֵׂ֣ה מְלָאכָ֔ה לַעֲבוֹדָ֖ה וַעֲבוֹדָ֑ה
וּמֵֽהַלְוִיִּ֔ם סוֹפְרִ֥ים וְשֹׁטְרִ֖ים וְשׁוֹעֲרִֽים
13 And over the burdens and the leaders of every one doing a trade of one service or another,
from the Levites, were secretaries and overseers and gatekeepers.
3e 4B 24
14
וּבְהוֹצִיאָ֣ם אֶת־הַכֶּ֔סֶף הַמּוּבָ֖א בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
מָצָא֙ חִלְקִיָּ֣הוּ הַכֹּהֵ֔ן אֶת־סֵ֥פֶר תּֽוֹרַת־יְהוָ֖ה בְּיַד־מֹשֶֽׁה
14 And when they brought out the silver that was brought into the house of Yahweh,
Hilqiah the priest found the record of the instruction of Yahweh by the hand of Moses.
3e 4B 14
20
וַיַּ֣עַן חִלְקִיָּ֗הוּ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־שָׁפָ֣ן הַסּוֹפֵ֔ר סֵ֧פֶר הַתּוֹרָ֛ה מָצָ֖אתִי בְּבֵ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
וַיִּתֵּ֧ן חִלְקִיָּ֛הוּ אֶת־הַסֵּ֖פֶר אֶל־שָׁפָֽן
15 And Hilqiah answered and he said to Shaphan the secretary, I have found the record of instruction in the house of Yahweh.
And Hilqiah gave the record to Shaphan.
3c 4B 28
14
וַיָּבֵ֨א שָׁפָ֤ן אֶת־הַסֵּ֙פֶר֙ אֶל־הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ וַיָּ֨שֶׁב ע֧וֹד אֶת־הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ דָּבָ֖ר לֵאמֹ֑ר
כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־נִתַּ֥ן בְּיַד־עֲבָדֶ֖יךָ הֵ֥ם עֹשִֽׂים
16 And Shaphan brought the record to the king, and returned attestation to the king, a word saying,
All that was assigned by the hand of your servants they are doing.
3c 4C 25
14
וַיַּתִּ֕יכוּ אֶת־הַכֶּ֖סֶף הַנִּמְצָ֣א בְּבֵית־יְהוָ֑ה
וַֽיִּתְּנ֗וּהוּ עַל־יַד֙ הַמֻּפְקָדִ֔ים וְעַל־יַ֖ד עוֹשֵׂ֥י הַמְּלָאכָֽה
17 And they have poured forth the silver that was found in the house of Yahweh,
and they are giving it into the hand of the officials, and into the hand of those doing the lines of work.
3e 4B 15
18
וַיַּגֵּ֞ד שָׁפָ֤ן הַסּוֹפֵר֙ לַמֶּ֣לֶךְ לֵאמֹ֔ר סֵ֚פֶר נָ֣תַן לִ֔י חִלְקִיָּ֖הוּ הַכֹּהֵ֑ן
וַיִּקְרָא־ב֥וֹ שָׁפָ֖ן לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ
18 And Shaphan the secretary made it clear to the king, saying, A record Hilqiah the priest gave me,
and Shaphan recited within it in the presence of the king.
3e 4C 25
11
וַיְהִי֙ כִּשְׁמֹ֣עַ הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ אֵ֖ת דִּבְרֵ֣י הַתּוֹרָ֑ה
וַיִּקְרַ֖ע אֶת־בְּגָדָֽיו
19 And it happened as the king heard the words of the instruction,
that he ripped his garments.
3e 4B 14
7
וַיְצַ֣ו הַמֶּ֡לֶךְ אֶת־חִלְקִיָּ֡הוּ וְאֶת־אֲחִיקָ֣ם בֶּן־שָׁ֠פָן וְאֶת־עַבְדּ֨וֹן בֶּן־מִיכָ֜ה וְאֵ֣ת ׀ שָׁפָ֣ן הַסּוֹפֵ֗ר וְאֵ֛ת עֲשָׂיָ֥ה עֶֽבֶד־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ לֵאמֹֽר 20 And the king commanded Hilqiah and Ahiqam, child of Shaphan, and Abdon, child of Micah, and Shaphan the secretary, and Asaiah the servant of the king, saying. 3d 4B 44
לְכוּ֩ דִרְשׁ֨וּ אֶת־יְהוָ֜ה בַּעֲדִ֗י וּבְעַד֙ הַנִּשְׁאָר֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֣ל וּבִֽיהוּדָ֔ה עַל־דִּבְרֵ֥י הַסֵּ֖פֶר אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִמְצָ֑א
כִּֽי־גְדוֹלָ֤ה חֲמַת־יְהוָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִתְּכָ֣ה בָ֔נוּ עַל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹא־שָׁמְר֤וּ אֲבוֹתֵ֙ינוּ֙ אֶת־דְּבַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה לַעֲשׂ֕וֹת כְּכָל־הַכָּת֖וּב עַל־הַסֵּ֥פֶר הַזֶּֽה
21 Go, search out Yahweh about me and about those who are still here in Israel and Judah, concerning the words of the record that has been found,
for great will be the heat of Yahweh which is poured forth in us, in that our ancestors did not keep the word of Yahweh, and do according to all the writing in this record.
3e 4C 33
43
וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ חִלְקִיָּ֜הוּ וַאֲשֶׁ֣ר הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ אֶל־חֻלְדָּ֨ה הַנְּבִיאָ֜ה אֵ֣שֶׁת ׀ שַׁלֻּ֣ם בֶּן־תָּקְהַ֗ת בֶּן־חַסְרָה֙ שׁוֹמֵ֣ר הַבְּגָדִ֔ים וְהִ֛יא יוֹשֶׁ֥בֶת בִּירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם בַּמִּשְׁנֶ֑ה
וַיְדַבְּר֥וּ אֵלֶ֖יהָ כָּזֹֽאת
22 And Hilqiah and those by the king went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shalum child of Tokhat child of Hasrah, the keeper of the wardrobe, (and she settled in Jerusalem in the college),
and they spoke to her such as this.
3d 4B 46
8
וַתֹּ֣אמֶר לָהֶ֔ם כֹּה־אָמַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
אִמְר֣וּ לָאִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַ֥ח אֶתְכֶ֖ם אֵלָֽי
23 And she said to them, Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel,
Say to the person who sent you to me.
3e 4B 16
12
כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהוָ֔ה הִנְנִ֨י מֵבִ֥יא רָעָ֛ה עַל־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה וְעַל־יוֹשְׁבָ֑יו
אֵ֤ת כָּל־הָאָלוֹת֙ הַכְּתוּב֣וֹת עַל־הַסֵּ֔פֶר אֲשֶׁ֣ר קָֽרְא֔וּ לִפְנֵ֖י מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
24 C Thus says Yahweh, Note me well. I will bring evil to this place and on its inhabitants,
all the imprecations that are written in of the record that they recited before the king of Judah,
3d 4C 21
23
תַּ֣חַת ׀ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עֲזָב֗וּנִי וַֽיְקַטְּרוּ֙ לֵֽאלֹהִ֣ים אֲחֵרִ֔ים לְמַ֙עַן֙ הַכְעִיסֵ֔נִי בְּכֹ֖ל מַעֲשֵׂ֣י יְדֵיהֶ֑ם
וְתִתַּ֧ךְ חֲמָתִ֛י בַּמָּק֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה וְלֹ֥א תִכְבֶּֽה
25 B Instead that they have forsaken me, and they have burned incense to other gods so that I was grieved in every deed of their hands,
so my heat will be poured forth in this place and not be quenched.
3c 4B 32
15
וְאֶל־מֶ֣לֶךְ יְהוּדָ֗ה הַשֹּׁלֵ֤חַ אֶתְכֶם֙ לִדְר֣וֹשׁ בַּֽיהוָ֔ה כֹּ֥ה תֹאמְר֖וּ אֵלָ֑יו
כֹּֽה־אָמַ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֱלֹהֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הַדְּבָרִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁמָֽעְתָּ
26 And to the king of Judah who sent you to search out in Yahweh, thus you will say to him,
Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel of the things that you heard,
3e 4C 22
19
יַ֠עַן רַךְ־לְבָ֨בְךָ֜ וַתִּכָּנַ֣ע ׀ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֗ים בְּשָׁמְעֲךָ֤ אֶת־דְּבָרָיו֙ עַל־הַמָּק֤וֹם הַזֶּה֙ וְעַל־יֹ֣שְׁבָ֔יו וַתִּכָּנַ֣ע לְפָנַ֔י וַתִּקְרַ֥ע אֶת־בְּגָדֶ֖יךָ וַתֵּ֣בְךְּ לְפָנָ֑י
וְגַם־אֲנִ֥י שָׁמַ֖עְתִּי נְאֻם־יְהוָֽה
27 ~ Because your heart was tender and you subdued yourself from within the presence of God, when you heard his words concerning this place and concerning its inhabitants, and you subdued yourself before me, and you ripped your garments, and wept before me,
so even I myself have heard. An oracle of Yahweh.
3e 4C 55
11
הִנְנִ֨י אֹֽסִפְךָ֜ אֶל־אֲבֹתֶ֗יךָ וְנֶאֱסַפְתָּ֣ אֶל־קִבְרֹתֶיךָ֮ בְּשָׁלוֹם֒ וְלֹא־תִרְאֶ֣ינָה עֵינֶ֔יךָ בְּכֹל֙ הָֽרָעָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֲנִ֥י מֵבִ֛יא עַל־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה וְעַל־יֹשְׁבָ֑יו
וַיָּשִׁ֥יבוּ אֶת־הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ דָּבָֽר
28 Note me well, I will gather you to your ancestors and you will be gathered to your tomb in peace, and you will not see with your eyes into all the evil that I am bringing on this place.
And they returned to the king a word.
3d 4B 52
10
וַיִּשְׁלַ֖ח הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיֶּאֱסֹ֕ף אֶת־כָּל־זִקְנֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה וִירוּשָׁלִָֽם
29 And the king reached out,
and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
3e 4A 6
15
וַיַּ֣עַל הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ בֵּית־יְ֠הוָה וְכָל־אִ֨ישׁ יְהוּדָ֜ה וְיֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֗ם וְהַכֹּֽהֲנִים֙ וְהַלְוִיִּ֔ם וְכָל־הָעָ֖ם מִגָּד֣וֹל וְעַד־קָטָ֑ן
וַיִּקְרָ֣א בְאָזְנֵיהֶ֗ם אֶת־כָּל־דִּבְרֵי֙ סֵ֣פֶר הַבְּרִ֔ית הַנִּמְצָ֖א בֵּ֥ית יְהוָֽה
30 And the king went up to the house of Yahweh, and everyone of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, from the youngest and to the greatest,
and he recited in their ears all the words of the record of the covenant that was found in the house of Yahweh.
3e 4B 42
21
וַיַּעֲמֹ֨ד הַמֶּ֜לֶךְ עַל־עָמְד֗וֹ וַיִּכְרֹ֣ת אֶֽת־הַבְּרִית֮ לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָה֒ לָלֶ֜כֶת אַחֲרֵ֣י יְהוָ֗ה וְלִשְׁמ֤וֹר אֶת־מִצְוֺתָיו֙ וְעֵֽדְוֺתָ֣יו וְחֻקָּ֔יו בְּכָל־לְבָב֖וֹ וּבְכָל־נַפְשׁ֑וֹ
לַעֲשׂוֹת֙ אֶת־דִּבְרֵ֣י הַבְּרִ֔ית הַכְּתוּבִ֖ים עַל־הַסֵּ֥פֶר הַזֶּֽה
31 And the king stood on his standing-place, and he cut the covenant in the presence of Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh, and to keep his commandments, and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all his heart, and with all his integrity,
to do the words of the covenant written in this record.
3e 4C 51
17
וַיַּעֲמֵ֕ד אֵ֛ת כָּל־הַנִּמְצָ֥א בִירוּשָׁלִַ֖ם וּבִנְיָמִ֑ן
וַֽיַּעֲשׂוּ֙ יֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרוּשָׁלִַ֔ם כִּבְרִ֥ית אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֱלֹהֵ֥י אֲבוֹתֵיהֶֽם
32 And he made all who were found in Jerusalem and Benjamin stand,
and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did according to the covenant of God, the God of their ancestors.
3d 4B 17
22
וַיָּ֨סַר יֹֽאשִׁיָּ֜הוּ אֶת־כָּל־הַתּוֹעֵב֗וֹת מִֽכָּל־הָאֲרָצוֹת֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ וַֽיַּעֲבֵ֗ד אֵ֤ת כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל לַעֲב֖וֹד אֶת־יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵיהֶ֑ם
כָּל־יָמָ֕יו לֹ֣א סָ֔רוּ מֵֽאַחֲרֵ֕י יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֥י אֲבוֹתֵיהֶֽם
33 And Josiah put aside all abominations from all the lands that were of the children of Israel, and made all who were found in Israel serve, to serve Yahweh their God.
All his days they did not put aside from following Yahweh the God of their ancestors.
3e 4C 49
19

One sample of the music showing how the parallel passages are recited differently. The 44 beat recitation is of rare length. The longest recitatives on a single note are Nehemiah 10.40 with a recitation of 51 syllables, 2 Kings 23.4, 55 syllables, and Judges 10.6, 62 syllables.

1 Chronicles 34:22

2 Kings 22:14


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