Thursday, 15 December 2016

Joshua 15

I knew some day I would have to approach the lists of towns, or of people's names. Well here's a first long list. We used to sing a piece by Tony Petti in a choir in Calgary called The Place Names of Alberta (in alphabetical order from the beginning). It was a hoot, but difficult to learn. Early rap of sorts. This list from Joshua is not much different, And yes - you can sing the whole thing, one city at a time.

What I have done with the names is aided by the computer algorithm I use to transcribe the Hebrew libretto in the music. But I am not very consistent. Sometimes my spelling differences are in the Hebrew also. Sometimes I have already spelled the city outside of a list and I use that spelling. Sometimes I will use the common traditional name, especially if it is frequently used and appears to refer to the same location in these multiple instances.

There are sufficient variations on the puzzle pieces to raise questions. Like, in this list, what is this place Chatsor or Chatsar that repeats with names following it and without a vav (indicating and)? Well, it might be that one is thinking 'the court of' so and so. Since חצר (chtsr) is court. But we know it traditionally as Hazor - another way of transliterating the Hebrew.

Ch (in my phonetic scheme) is the hard ח. ts is tsade צ Transliteration schemes are legion. It is common to substitute K for qof (Q) and ch for K (kaf). O well! I am sure that phonetics and spellings changed also over the 1000 years of the writing of the OT. In fact the idea of 'correct' spelling is relatively new, and it is not even a sop to entropy.

Sometimes one is tempted to translate rather than transliterate the city names. In verse 15 perhaps the Gates, and Trappings, and the Protectorate and its offshoots, but one might not then add up to the twenty nine or the fourteen cities and their courts. Could be a distraction... I get too many cities with my count sometimes. I will leave this to the geographers. (As Calvin did - yet I am sure there is much here for consideration. I don't think I would deny interest to it as he may imply in his commentary. But I will take his excuse.)

It's a long chapter and there are 79 or more repeating roots, but is there a pattern? an inclusio? 28 of them occur exactly twice, including wilderness and Egypt near the beginning and near the end. Verses 1 to 19 are clearly distinct from verses 20 to the end, the city list. Caleb's somewhat shameful behaviour is repeated from Judges 1. (Don't think we should imitate everything in the Bible, even from heroes. That's not the obedience of faith.)

Structurally, verses 20 to 63 are clearly bound by two recurrences of the children of Judah at the beginning and at the end. The focus of the whole section is Jerusalem. That is the last recurring word. The root for 'court' חצר noted above occurs 19 times in this section. The word for border is the second most frequent, occurring 23 times, only one of them in this second section.

Joshua 15 Fn Min Max Syll
וַיְהִ֣י הַגּוֹרָ֗ל לְמַטֵּ֛ה בְּנֵ֥י יְהוּדָ֖ה לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָ֑ם
אֶל־גְּב֨וּל אֱד֧וֹם מִדְבַּר־צִ֛ן נֶ֖גְבָּה מִקְצֵ֥ה תֵימָֽן
1 And this was the lot of the branch of the children of Judah in their families:
to the border of Edom of the wilderness of Zin southward to the southern shore.
3c 4B 18
וַיְהִ֤י לָהֶם֙ גְּב֣וּל נֶ֔גֶב מִקְצֵ֖ה יָ֣ם הַמֶּ֑לַח
מִן־הַלָּשֹׁ֖ן הַפֹּנֶ֥ה נֶֽגְבָּה
2 And their border southward was from the shore of the salt sea,
from the tongue that faces southward.
3e 4C 14
וְ֠יָצָא אֶל־מִנֶּ֜גֶב לְמַעֲלֵ֤ה עַקְרַבִּים֙ וְעָ֣בַר צִ֔נָה וְעָלָ֥ה מִנֶּ֖גֶב לְקָדֵ֣שׁ בַּרְנֵ֑עַ
וְעָבַ֤ר חֶצְרוֹן֙ וְעָלָ֣ה אַדָּ֔רָה וְנָסַ֖ב הַקַּרְקָֽעָה
3 ~ And it came out from the Negev to the ascendance of the scorpions, and it passed through toward Zin, and ascended from the Negev to Qadesh-Barnea,
and passed through Hetsron, and ascended towards Adar, and circled towards Qarqaa.
3e 4C 31
וְעָבַ֣ר עַצְמ֗וֹנָה וְיָצָא֙ נַ֣חַל מִצְרַ֔יִם וְהָי֛וּ תֹּצְא֥וֹת הַגְּב֖וּל יָ֑מָּה
זֶה־יִהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם גְּב֥וּל נֶֽגֶב
4 And it passed through towards Atsmon, and came out to the wadi of Egypt, and the exeunts of the border were seaward.
This will be your border southward.
3d 4B 22
וּגְב֥וּל קֵ֙דְמָה֙ יָ֣ם הַמֶּ֔לַח עַד־קְצֵ֖ה הַיַּרְדֵּ֑ן
וּגְב֞וּל לִפְאַ֤ת צָפ֙וֹנָה֙ מִלְּשׁ֣וֹן הַיָּ֔ם מִקְצֵ֖ה הַיַּרְדֵּֽן
5 And the border eastward is the salt sea to the limit of the Jordan,
and the border of the northward quarter is from the tongue of the sea from the limit of the Jordan.
3e 4C 14
וְעָלָ֤ה הַגְּבוּל֙ בֵּ֣ית חָגְלָ֔ה וְעָבַ֕ר מִצְּפ֖וֹן לְבֵ֣ית הָעֲרָבָ֑ה
וְעָלָ֣ה הַגְּב֔וּל אֶ֥בֶן בֹּ֖הַן בֶּן־רְאוּבֵֽן
6 And the border ascended to Beth-Hoglah and it passed through from the north to the house of the steppe,
and the border ascended the stone of Bohan, child of Reuben.
3e 4C 19
וְעָלָ֨ה הַגְּב֥וּל ׀ דְּבִרָה֮ מֵעֵ֣מֶק עָכוֹר֒ וְצָפ֜וֹנָה פֹּנֶ֣ה אֶל־הַגִּלְגָּ֗ל אֲשֶׁר־נֹ֙כַח֙ לְמַעֲלֵ֣ה אֲדֻמִּ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר מִנֶּ֖גֶב לַנָּ֑חַל
וְעָבַ֤ר הַגְּבוּל֙ אֶל־מֵי־עֵ֣ין שֶׁ֔מֶשׁ וְהָי֥וּ תֹצְאֹתָ֖יו אֶל־עֵ֥ין רֹגֵֽל
7 And the border ascended towards Debir from the valley of agitation, and northward facing over against the Gilgal, that is opposite to the ascent to Adummim which is from the south of the wadi,
and the border passed through to the waters of the Eye of the Sun, and the exeunts were to the Surveyor's Spring.
3e 4C 42
וְעָלָ֨ה הַגְּב֜וּל גֵּ֣י בֶן־הִנֹּ֗ם אֶל־כֶּ֤תֶף הַיְבוּסִי֙ מִנֶּ֔גֶב הִ֖יא יְרֽוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְעָלָ֨ה הַגְּב֜וּל אֶל־רֹ֣אשׁ הָהָ֗ר אֲ֠שֶׁר עַל־פְּנֵ֤י גֵֽי־הִנֹּם֙ יָ֔מָּה אֲשֶׁ֛ר בִּקְצֵ֥ה עֵֽמֶק־רְפָאִ֖ים צָפֹֽנָה
8 And the border ascended the gorge of the child of Hinnom to the Jebusite shoulder from the south. (This is Jerusalem.)
And the border ascended to the top of the hill that faces the gorge of Hinnom seaward that is toward the end of the valley of the titans northward.
3d 4C 23
וְתָאַ֨ר הַגְּב֜וּל מֵרֹ֣אשׁ הָהָ֗ר אֶל־מַעְיַן֙ מֵ֣י נֶפְתּ֔וֹחַ וְיָצָ֖א אֶל־עָרֵ֣י הַר־עֶפְר֑וֹן
וְתָאַ֤ר הַגְּבוּל֙ בַּעֲלָ֔ה הִ֖יא קִרְיַ֥ת יְעָרִֽים
9 And the border was formed from the top of the hill to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah, and it came out at the cities of the hill of Ephron.
And the border of Baalah was formed. (This is the town of Yearim.)
3e 4C 25
וְנָסַב֩ הַגְּב֨וּל מִבַּעֲלָ֥ה יָ֙מָּה֙ אֶל־הַ֣ר שֵׂעִ֔יר וְעָבַ֕ר אֶל־כֶּ֧תֶף הַר־יְעָרִ֛ים מִצָּפ֖וֹנָה הִ֣יא כְסָל֑וֹן
וְיָרַ֥ד בֵּֽית־שֶׁ֖מֶשׁ וְעָבַ֥ר תִּמְנָֽה
10 And the border circled from Baalah seaward to the hill of Seir, and it passed through to the shoulder of the hill of Yearim from the north. (This is Kaselun.)
And it descended to the house of the sun, and it passed through Timnah.
3c 4B 33
וְיָצָ֨א הַגְּב֜וּל אֶל־כֶּ֣תֶף עֶקְרוֹן֮ צָפוֹנָה֒ וְתָאַ֤ר הַגְּבוּל֙ שִׁכְּר֔וֹנָה וְעָבַ֥ר הַר־הַֽבַּעֲלָ֖ה וְיָצָ֣א יַבְנְאֵ֑ל
וְהָי֛וּ תֹּצְא֥וֹת הַגְּב֖וּל יָֽמָּה
11 And the border came out to the shoulder of Eqron northward, and the border was formed toward Shikron, and it passed through the hill of Baalah, and came out at Yabneel,
and the exeunts of the border were seaward.
3d 4C 35
וּגְב֣וּל יָ֔ם הַיָּ֥מָּה הַגָּד֖וֹל וּגְב֑וּל
זֶ֠ה גְּב֧וּל בְּנֵֽי־יְהוּדָ֛ה סָבִ֖יב לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָֽם
12 And the border of the sea was toward the great sea.
And this border was the border of the children of Judah surrounding their families.
3c 4B 11
וּלְכָלֵ֣ב בֶּן־יְפֻנֶּ֗ה נָ֤תַן חֵ֙לֶק֙ בְּת֣וֹךְ בְּנֵֽי־יְהוּדָ֔ה אֶל־פִּ֥י יְהוָ֖ה לִֽיהוֹשֻׁ֑עַ
אֶת־קִרְיַ֥ת אַרְבַּ֛ע אֲבִ֥י הָעֲנָ֖ק הִ֥יא חֶבְרֽוֹן
13 And to Caleb, child of Jepunah, he gave a share among the children of Judah, by the mandate of Yahweh to Joshua,
the town of four, the father of Anaq. (This is Hebron.)
3d 4C 26
וַיֹּ֤רֶשׁ מִשָּׁם֙ כָּלֵ֔ב אֶת־שְׁלוֹשָׁ֖ה בְּנֵ֣י הָעֲנָ֑ק
אֶת־שֵׁשַׁ֤י וְאֶת־אֲחִימַן֙ וְאֶת־תַּלְמַ֔י יְלִידֵ֖י הָעֲנָֽק
14 And Caleb dispossessed from there,
the three children of Anaq, Sheshai, and Achiman, and Talmai, the successors of Anaq.
3e 4C 16
וַיַּ֣עַל מִשָּׁ֔ם אֶל־יֹשְׁבֵ֖י דְּבִ֑ר
וְשֵׁם־דְּבִ֥ר לְפָנִ֖ים קִרְיַת־סֵֽפֶר
15 And he went up from there to the inhabitants of Debir.
(And the name of Debir before was the town of Sapphire.)
3e 4B 10
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר כָּלֵ֔ב אֲשֶׁר־יַכֶּ֥ה אֶת־קִרְיַת־סֵ֖פֶר וּלְכָדָ֑הּ
וְנָתַ֥תִּי ל֛וֹ אֶת־עַכְסָ֥ה בִתִּ֖י לְאִשָּֽׁה
16 And Caleb said, Whoever strikes the town of Sapphire and conquers it,
I will give to him Akesah my daughter as wife.
3d 4B 17
וַֽיִּלְכְּדָ֛הּ עָתְנִיאֵ֥ל בֶּן־קְנַ֖ז אֲחִ֣י כָלֵ֑ב
וַיִּתֶּן־ל֛וֹ אֶת־עַכְסָ֥ה בִתּ֖וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה
17 And Othniel conquered it, child of Qenaz, Caleb's brother.
So he gave him Akesah his daughter as wife.
3d 4B 14
וַיְהִ֣י בְּבוֹאָ֗הּ וַתְּסִיתֵ֙הוּ֙ לִשְׁא֤וֹל מֵֽאֵת־אָבִ֙יהָ֙ שָׂדֶ֔ה וַתִּצְנַ֖ח מֵעַ֣ל הַחֲמ֑וֹר
וַיֹּֽאמֶר־לָ֥הּ כָּלֵ֖ב מַה־לָּֽךְ
18 And it happened when she came, that she incited him to ask from her father a field. She put herself down from the ass,
and Caleb said to her, What is it to you?
3e 4C 26
וַתֹּ֜אמֶר תְּנָה־לִּ֣י בְרָכָ֗ה כִּ֣י אֶ֤רֶץ הַנֶּ֙גֶב֙ נְתַתָּ֔נִי וְנָתַתָּ֥ה לִ֖י גֻּלֹּ֣ת מָ֑יִם
וַיִּתֶּן־לָ֗הּ אֵ֚ת גֻּלֹּ֣ת עִלִּיּ֔וֹת וְאֵ֖ת גֻּלֹּ֥ת תַּחְתִּיּֽוֹת
19 And she said, Give me a blessing for the land of the Negev you gave me. So give me rolling water.
And he gave to her the upper rollers and the lower rollers.
3e 4C 28
זֹ֗את נַחֲלַ֛ת מַטֵּ֥ה בְנֵי־יְהוּדָ֖ה לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָֽם 20 ~ This is the inheritance of the branch of the children of Judah in their families. 3d 3g 16
וַיִּֽהְי֣וּ הֶעָרִ֗ים מִקְצֵה֙ לְמַטֵּ֣ה בְנֵֽי־יְהוּדָ֔ה אֶל־גְּב֥וּל אֱד֖וֹם בַּנֶּ֑גְבָּה
קַבְצְאֵ֥ל וְעֵ֖דֶר וְיָגֽוּר
21 And the cities from the extremity of the branch of the children of Judah to the border of Edom in the south were:
Qavtseil and Eider and Yagur,
3e 4B 24
וְקִינָ֥ה וְדִֽימוֹנָ֖ה וְעַדְעָדָֽה 22 And Qinah and Dimonah and Adadah, 3e 3g 11
וְקֶ֥דֶשׁ וְחָצ֖וֹר וְיִתְנָֽן 23 And Qedesh, and Chatsor and Yitnan, 3e 3g 9
זִ֥יף וָטֶ֖לֶם וּבְעָלֽוֹת 24 f Zif and Telem and Baalot, 3e 3g 7
וְחָצ֤וֹר ׀ חֲדַתָּה֙ וּקְרִיּ֔וֹת חֶצְר֖וֹן הִ֥יא חָצֽוֹר 25 And Chatsor-Chadatah, and the towns of Hetsron, (this is Chatsor), 3e 4C 14
אֲמָ֥ם וּשְׁמַ֖ע וּמוֹלָדָֽה 26 Amam and Shma and Moladah, 3e 3g 8
וַחֲצַ֥ר גַּדָּ֛ה וְחֶשְׁמ֖וֹן וּבֵ֥ית פָּֽלֶט 27 And Chatsar-Gadah and Cheshmon and the house of Security, 3d 3g 12
וַחֲצַ֥ר שׁוּעָ֛ל וּבְאֵ֥ר שֶׁ֖בַע וּבִזְיוֹתְיָֽה 28 and Chatsar-Shual and Beer-Sheva and Vizyotyah, 3d 3g 13
בַּעֲלָ֥ה וְעִיִּ֖ים וָעָֽצֶם 29 Baalah and Iyim and Atsem, 3e 3g 9
וְאֶלְתּוֹלַ֥ד וּכְסִ֖יל וְחָרְמָֽה 30 and Eltolad and Ksil and Charmah, 3e 3g 9
וְצִֽקְלַ֥ג וּמַדְמַנָּ֖ה וְסַנְסַנָּֽה 31 and Tsiqlag and Madmanah and Sansanah, 3e 3g 11
וּלְבָא֥וֹת וְשִׁלְחִ֖ים וְעַ֣יִן וְרִמּ֑וֹן
כָּל־עָרִ֛ים עֶשְׂרִ֥ים וָתֵ֖שַׁע וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
32 And Lvaot and Shilchim and Ain and Rimmon.
Total cities, twenty nine and their courts.
3d 4B 11
אֶשְׁתָּא֥וֹל וְצָרְעָ֖ה וְאַשְׁנָֽה
33 Bashfeilah,
Eshtaol and Tsarah and Ashnah,
3e 4A 3
וְזָנ֙וֹחַ֙ וְעֵ֣ין גַּנִּ֔ים תַּפּ֖וּחַ וְהָעֵינָֽם 34 And Zanoach and Ein-Ganim, Tapuach and Haeinam, 3e 4B 15
יַרְמוּת֙ וַעֲדֻלָּ֔ם שׂוֹכֹ֖ה וַעֲזֵקָֽה 35 Yarmut and Adullam, Sokoh and Azeiqah, 3e 3g 12
וְשַׁעֲרַ֙יִם֙ וַעֲדִיתַ֔יִם וְהַגְּדֵרָ֖ה וּגְדֵרֹתָ֑יִם
עָרִ֥ים אַרְבַּֽע־עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
36 And Shaaraim and Aditaim and Hagdeirah and Gdeirotayim,
fourteen cities and their courts.
3e 4A 17
צְנָ֥ן וַחֲדָשָׁ֖ה וּמִגְדַּל־גָּֽד 37 Tsenan and Chadashah and the tower of Gad, 3e 3g 10
וְדִלְעָ֥ן וְהַמִּצְפֶּ֖ה וְיָקְתְאֵֽל 38 And Dilan and Mizpeh and Joktheel, 3e 3g 11
לָכִ֥ישׁ וּבָצְקַ֖ת וְעֶגְלֽוֹן 39 Lachish and Vatsqat and Eglon, 3e 3g 8
וְכַבּ֥וֹן וְלַחְמָ֖ס וְכִתְלִֽישׁ 40 And Kabon and Lachmas and Kitlish, 3e 3g 9
וּגְדֵר֕וֹת בֵּית־דָּג֥וֹן וְנַעֲמָ֖ה וּמַקֵּדָ֑ה
עָרִ֥ים שֵׁשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
41 And Gdeirot, the house of Dagon, and Naamah, and Maqeidah,
sixteen cities and their courts.
3e 4A 14
לִבְנָ֥ה וָעֶ֖תֶר וְעָשָֽׁן 42 Livnah and Eter and Ashan, 3e 3g 8
וְיִפְתָּ֥ח וְאַשְׁנָ֖ה וּנְצִֽיב 43 And Yiftach and Ashnah and Ntsiv, 3e 3g 8
וּקְעִילָ֥ה וְאַכְזִ֖יב וּמָֽרֵאשָׁ֑ה
עָרִ֥ים תֵּ֖שַׁע וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
44 And Qilah and Akziv and Mareshah,
Nineteen cities and their courts.
3e 4A 10
עֶקְר֥וֹן וּבְנֹתֶ֖יהָ וַחֲצֵרֶֽיהָ 45 Eqron and its built-up areas and its courts. 3e 3g 11
מֵעֶקְר֖וֹן וָיָ֑מָּה
כֹּ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־עַל־יַ֥ד אַשְׁדּ֖וֹד וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
46 From Eqron and towards the sea,
all that was handy to Ashdod and its courts.
3d 4A 6
אַשְׁדּ֞וֹד בְּנוֹתֶ֣יהָ וַחֲצֵרֶ֗יהָ עַזָּ֥ה בְּנוֹתֶ֥יהָ וַחֲצֵרֶ֖יהָ עַד־נַ֣חַל מִצְרָ֑יִם
וְהַיָּ֥ם הַגָּד֖וֹל וּגְבֽוּל
47 Ashdod and its built-up areas and its courts, Gaza, its built-up areas and its courts to the wadi of Egypt,
and the great sea and border.
3e 4B 28
שָׁמִ֥יר וְיַתִּ֖יר וְשׂוֹכֹֽה
48 And on the hill,
Shamir and Yatir and Sokoh,
3e 4A 3
וְדַנָּ֥ה וְקִרְיַת־סַנָּ֖ה הִ֥יא דְבִֽר 49 And Danah and the town of Bush, (this is Debir), 3e 3g 11
וַעֲנָ֥ב וְאֶשְׁתְּמֹ֖ה וְעָנִֽים 50 And Grapeland and Eshtemoh and Anim, 3e 3g 10
וְגֹ֥שֶׁן וְחֹלֹ֖ן וְגִלֹ֑ה
עָרִ֥ים אַֽחַת־עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
51 And Goshen and Cholon and Giloh,
eleven cities and their courts.
3e 4A 9
אֲרַ֥ב וְרוּמָ֖ה וְאֶשְׁעָֽן 52 Arav and Rumah and Eshan, 3e 3g 8
וְיָנ֥וּם וּבֵית־תַּפּ֖וּחַ וַאֲפֵֽקָה 53 And Yanum and the house of Tapuach and Afeiqah, 3e 3g 12
וְחֻמְטָ֗ה וְקִרְיַ֥ת אַרְבַּ֛ע הִ֥יא חֶבְר֖וֹן וְצִיעֹ֑ר
עָרִ֥ים תֵּ֖שַׁע וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
54 And Chumtah the town of four, (this is Hebron) and Tsior,
nine cities and their courts.
3d 4A 14
מָע֥וֹן ׀ כַּרְמֶ֖ל וָזִ֥יף וְיוּטָּֽה 55 f Maon, Carmel, and Zif and Yutah, 3e 3g 9
וְיִזְרְעֶ֥אל וְיָקְדְעָ֖ם וְזָנֽוֹחַ 56 and Jezreel and Yaqdeam and Zanoach, 3e 3g 13
הַקַּ֖יִן גִּבְעָ֣ה וְתִמְנָ֑ה
עָרִ֥ים עֶ֖שֶׂר וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
57 The Cain, Gibeah and Timnah,
ten cities and their courts.
3e 4B 7
חַלְח֥וּל בֵּֽית־צ֖וּר וּגְדֽוֹר 58 Chalchul, the house of Tyre and Gdor, 3e 3g 6
וּמַעֲרָ֥ת וּבֵית־עֲנ֖וֹת וְאֶלְתְּקֹ֑ן
עָרִ֥ים שֵׁ֖שׁ וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
59 And Maarat and the house of Anot and Elteqon,
six cities and their courts,
3e 4A 12
קִרְיַת־בַּ֗עַל הִ֛יא קִרְיַ֥ת יְעָרִ֖ים וְהָֽרַבָּ֑ה
עָרִ֥ים שְׁתַּ֖יִם וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
60 The town of Baal, (this is the town of Yearim) and Harabah,
two cities and their courts.
3d 4A 14
בֵּ֚ית הָעֲרָבָ֔ה מִדִּ֖ין וּסְכָכָֽה
61 In the wilderness,
the house of the steppe, Midin and Skakah.
3e 4C 3
וְהַנִּבְשָׁ֥ן וְעִיר־הַמֶּ֖לַח וְעֵ֣ין גֶּ֑דִי
עָרִ֥ים שֵׁ֖שׁ וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן
62 And the Nivshan, and the city of the salt, and Ein Gedi,
six cities and their courts.
3e 4B 13
וְאֶת־הַיְבוּסִי֙ יוֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרֽוּשָׁלִַ֔ם לֹֽא־יָכְל֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יְהוּדָ֖ה לְהֽוֹרִישָׁ֑ם
וַיֵּ֨שֶׁב הַיְבוּסִ֜י אֶת־בְּנֵ֤י יְהוּדָה֙ בִּיר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
63 And the Jebusites were inhabitants of Jerusalem. The children of Judah were not able to dispossess them.
The Jebusite has settled with the children of Judah in Jerusalem until this day.
3e 4C 23

No comments:

Post a Comment