Thursday, December 8, 2016

2 Kings 16

I recall when I read these 40 to 50 years ago (in various English translations) that I thought, what were they doing with all this worship of idols? Passing through fire, I could figure out. Not a good idea. But the idea of idolatry was a bit of a mystery. It boils down in my mind these days to three things - abuse of gifts, abuse of power, whether material, money, sex, or status, and the resulting violent fracturing of human relationships, to each other and to the created order. In this chapter, for a while, one might think that Ahaz was an artist, and appreciative of foreign customs, but for one reason or another, he needed the king of Ashur to support him, and he was quite willing to impress that foreign potentate with his control over the religious framework of Jerusalem. Perhaps this also violates a separation of priestly, prophetic and political power in Israel. Certainly there is plenty of political intrigue here and plenty of violence. But mostly his offence was that Yahweh was not a priority, but an afterthought.

I should probably not draw any final conclusions from these meandering thoughts.

2 Kings just appeared at the top of my lists. After messing about somewhat with Daniel in Aramaic, and various random verses looking for pieces of the puzzle I have not yet turned over, I have decided to just keep on picking the top of the automated suggestions. (Next up is Jeremiah 27.)

2 Kings 16 Fn Min Max Syll
בִּשְׁנַת֙ שְׁבַֽע־עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה לְפֶ֖קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֑הוּ
מָלַ֛ךְ אָחָ֥ז בֶּן־יוֹתָ֖ם מֶ֥לֶךְ יְהוּדָֽה
1 In the seventeenth year of Peqach, child of Remalia,
Ahaz, child of Jotham, king of Judah reigned.
3d 4B 16
12
בֶּן־עֶשְׂרִ֤ים שָׁנָה֙ אָחָ֣ז בְּמָלְכ֔וֹ וְשֵׁשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵ֣ה שָׁנָ֔ה מָלַ֖ךְ בִּירוּשָׁלִָ֑ם
וְלֹא־עָשָׂ֣ה הַיָּשָׁ֗ר בְּעֵינֵ֛י יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהָ֖יו כְּדָוִ֥ד אָבִֽיו
2 A child of twenty years was Ahaz when he began to reign, and sixteen years he reigned in Jerusalem.
And he did not do what is upright in the eyes of Yahweh his God, as David his father.
3d 4C 22
19
וַיֵּ֕לֶךְ בְּדֶ֖רֶךְ מַלְכֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל
וְגַ֤ם אֶת־בְּנוֹ֙ הֶעֱבִ֣יר בָּאֵ֔שׁ כְּתֹֽעֲבוֹת֙ הַגּוֹיִ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹרִ֤ישׁ יְהוָה֙ אֹתָ֔ם מִפְּנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל
3 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel,
and moreover, he made his child pass through in the fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh had dispossessed from before the children of Israel.
3e 4C 11
32
וַיְזַבֵּ֧חַ וַיְקַטֵּ֛ר בַּבָּמ֖וֹת וְעַל־הַגְּבָע֑וֹת
וְתַ֖חַת כָּל־עֵ֥ץ רַעֲנָֽן
4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense on the high places,
and on the hillocks and under every green tree.
3c 4A 15
8
אָ֣ז יַעֲלֶ֣ה רְצִ֣ין מֶֽלֶךְ־אֲ֠רָם וּפֶ֨קַח בֶּן־רְמַלְיָ֧הוּ מֶֽלֶךְ־יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם לַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה
וַיָּצֻ֙רוּ֙ עַל־אָחָ֔ז וְלֹ֥א יָכְל֖וּ לְהִלָּחֵֽם
5 B Then Rezin king of Aram and Peqach child of Remalia king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war,
and they laid siege against Ahaz and they were not able to fight.
3c 4B 31
15
בָּעֵ֣ת הַהִ֗יא הֵ֠שִׁיב רְצִ֨ין מֶֽלֶךְ־אֲרָ֤ם אֶת־אֵילַת֙ לַֽאֲרָ֔ם וַיְנַשֵּׁ֥ל אֶת־הַיְהוּדִ֖ים מֵֽאֵיל֑וֹת
וַֽאֲדוֹמִים֙ בָּ֣אוּ אֵילַ֔ת וַיֵּ֣שְׁבוּ שָׁ֔ם עַ֖ד הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּֽה
6 At that time, Rezin king of Aram restored Eilat to Aram and cleared out the Judeans from Eilat.
And Edomites entered Eilat and they inhabit there until this day.
3e 4C 28
17
וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח אָחָ֜ז מַלְאָכִ֗ים אֶל־תִּ֠גְלַת פְּלֶ֤סֶר מֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר עַבְדְּךָ֥ וּבִנְךָ֖ אָ֑נִי
עֲלֵ֨ה וְהוֹשִׁעֵ֜נִי מִכַּ֣ף מֶֽלֶךְ־אֲרָ֗ם וּמִכַּף֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הַקּוֹמִ֖ים עָלָֽי
7 And Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-Pilesar the king of Ashur, saying, Your servant and your son am I.
Come up and save me from the palm of the king of Aram, and from the palm of the king of Israel, who have arisen against me.
3e 4C 28
26
וַיִּקַּ֨ח אָחָ֜ז אֶת־הַכֶּ֣סֶף וְאֶת־הַזָּהָ֗ב הַנִּמְצָא֙ בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֔ה וּבְאֹֽצְר֖וֹת בֵּ֣ית הַמֶּ֑לֶךְ
וַיִּשְׁלַ֥ח לְמֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁ֖וּר שֹֽׁחַד
8 And Ahaz took the silver and the gold that was found the house of Yahweh and in the treasuries of the house of the king,
and sent bribes to the king of Ashur.
3e 4B 27
10
וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע אֵלָיו֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ אַשּׁ֔וּר וַיַּעַל֩ מֶ֨לֶךְ אַשּׁ֤וּר אֶל־דַּמֶּ֙שֶׂק֙ וַֽיִּתְפְּשֶׂ֔הָ וַיַּגְלֶ֖הָ קִ֑ירָה
וְאֶת־רְצִ֖ין הֵמִֽית
9 And the king of Ashur heard him, and the king of Ashur went up to Damascus and occupied it and exiled it to Qyr,
and put Rezin to death.
3e 4C 31
6
וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ אָחָ֡ז לִ֠קְרַאת תִּגְלַ֨ת פִּלְאֶ֤סֶר מֶֽלֶךְ־אַשּׁוּר֙ דּוּמֶּ֔שֶׂק וַיַּ֥רְא אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּדַמָּ֑שֶׂק
וַיִּשְׁלַח֩ הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ אָחָ֜ז אֶל־אוּרִיָּ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֗ן אֶת־דְּמ֧וּת הַמִּזְבֵּ֛חַ וְאֶת־תַּבְנִית֖וֹ לְכָֽל־מַעֲשֵֽׂהוּ
10 And king Ahaz went to encounter Tiglath-Pileser, the king of Ashur, at Damascus, and he saw the altar that was in Damascus,
and king Ahaz sent to Uriah the priest the likeness of the altar, and its pattern of all its construction.
3c 4C 35
33
וַיִּ֛בֶן אוּרִיָּ֥ה הַכֹּהֵ֖ן אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ
כְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־שָׁלַח֩ הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ אָחָ֜ז מִדַּמֶּ֗שֶׂק כֵּ֤ן עָשָׂה֙ אוּרִיָּ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֔ן עַד־בּ֥וֹא הַמֶּֽלֶךְ־אָחָ֖ז מִדַּמָּֽשֶׂק
11 And Uriah the priest built the altar according to all that king Ahaz sent from Damascus.
So Uriah the priest was doing while king Ahaz was coming from Damascus.
3d 4C 14
35
וַיָּבֹ֤א הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ מִדַּמֶּ֔שֶׂק וַיַּ֥רְא הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ
וַיִּקְרַ֥ב הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ וַיַּ֥עַל עָלָֽיו
12 And the king came from Damascus and the king saw the altar.
And the king approached the altar and he offered up on it.
3d 4C 20
16
וַיַּקְטֵ֤ר אֶת־עֹֽלָתוֹ֙ וְאֶת־מִנְחָת֔וֹ וַיַּסֵּ֖ךְ אֶת־נִסְכּ֑וֹ
וַיִּזְרֹ֛ק אֶת־דַּֽם־הַשְּׁלָמִ֥ים אֲשֶׁר־ל֖וֹ עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּֽחַ
13 And he burned incense with his burnt offering and his gifts and he spilled out his libations.
And he dashed the blood of the peace offerings that were his on the altar,
3d 4C 18
16
וְאֵ֨ת הַמִּזְבַּ֣ח הַנְּחֹשֶׁת֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָה֒ וַיַּקְרֵ֗ב מֵאֵת֙ פְּנֵ֣י הַבַּ֔יִת מִבֵּין֙ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ וּמִבֵּ֖ין בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן אֹת֛וֹ עַל־יֶ֥רֶךְ הַמִּזְבֵּ֖חַ צָפֽוֹנָה
14 and the brass altar that is in the presence of Yahweh. And he made his oblation from before the house, from between the altar and the house of Yahweh, and he positioned it to the northward flank of the altar. 3d 4B 36
15
וַיְצַוֶּ֣ה הַמֶּֽלֶךְ־אָ֠חָז אֶת־אוּרִיָּ֨ה הַכֹּהֵ֜ן לֵאמֹ֗ר עַ֣ל הַמִּזְבֵּ֣חַ הַגָּד֡וֹל הַקְטֵ֣ר אֶת־עֹֽלַת־הַבֹּקֶר֩ וְאֶת־מִנְחַ֨ת הָעֶ֜רֶב וְֽאֶת־עֹלַ֧ת הַמֶּ֣לֶךְ וְאֶת־מִנְחָת֗וֹ וְ֠אֵת עֹלַ֞ת כָּל־עַ֤ם הָאָ֙רֶץ֙ וּמִנְחָתָ֣ם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶ֔ם וְכָל־דַּ֥ם עֹלָ֛ה וְכָל־דַּם־זֶ֖בַח עָלָ֣יו תִּזְרֹ֑ק
וּמִזְבַּ֧ח הַנְּחֹ֛שֶׁת יִֽהְיֶה־לִּ֖י לְבַקֵּֽר
15 And king Ahaz commanded Uriah the priest, saying, Over the great altar, make the morning burnt offerings smoke, and the gifts of the evening, and the burnt offering of the king and his gifts, and the burnt offerings of all the people of the land and their gifts and their libations, and all the blood of burnt offering and all the blood of sacrifice dash on it.
But the brass altar will be for me for reflection.
3c 4C 83
12
וַיַּ֖עַשׂ אוּרִיָּ֣ה הַכֹּהֵ֑ן
כְּכֹ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־צִוָּ֖ה הַמֶּ֥לֶךְ אָחָֽז
16 And Uriah the priest did everything that king Ahaz commanded. 3e 4B 9
11
וַיְקַצֵּץ֩ הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ אָחָ֜ז אֶת־הַמִּסְגְּר֣וֹת הַמְּכֹנ֗וֹת וַיָּ֤סַר מֵֽעֲלֵיהֶם֙ אֶת־הַכִּיֹּ֔ר וְאֶת־הַיָּ֣ם הוֹרִ֔ד מֵעַ֛ל הַבָּקָ֥ר הַנְּחֹ֖שֶׁת אֲשֶׁ֣ר תַּחְתֶּ֑יהָ
וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֹת֔וֹ עַ֖ל מַרְצֶ֥פֶת אֲבָנִֽים
17 And king Ahaz sundered the fringes of the bases, and he put aside from them the laver, and the sea he brought down from the brass oxen that were under it,
and he positioned it onto a tessellation of stones.
3d 4C 46
12
וְאֶת־מוּסַ֨ךְ הַשַּׁבָּ֜ת אֲשֶׁר־בָּנ֣וּ בַבַּ֗יִת וְאֶת־מְב֤וֹא הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ הַֽחִיצ֔וֹנָה הֵסֵ֖ב בֵּ֣ית יְהוָ֑ה
מִפְּנֵ֖י מֶ֥לֶךְ אַשּֽׁוּר
18 And the screen for the Sabbath which they built in the house, and the entry of the king towards the outside, ... He turned round the house of Yahweh,
because of the presence of the king of Ashur.
3e 4C 30
6
וְיֶ֛תֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י אָחָ֖ז אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֑ה
הֲלֹא־הֵ֣ם כְּתוּבִ֗ים עַל־סֵ֛פֶר דִּבְרֵ֥י הַיָּמִ֖ים לְמַלְכֵ֥י יְהוּדָֽה
19 And the remaining matters of Ahaz that he undertook,
are they not written in the record of the words of the days of the kings of Judah?
3d 4B 11
20
וַיִּשְׁכַּ֤ב אָחָז֙ עִם־אֲבֹתָ֔יו וַיִּקָּבֵ֥ר עִם־אֲבֹתָ֖יו בְּעִ֣יר דָּוִ֑ד
וַיִּמְלֹ֛ךְ חִזְקִיָּ֥הוּ בְנ֖וֹ תַּחְתָּֽיו
20 And Ahaz was laid out with his ancestors, and was entombed with his ancestors in the city of David.
And Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.
3d 4C 21
11